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POLK COUNTY NEWS, TRYON, N. C.
0OD HOG FEED FROM WASTE
utilization or ru",u"
Utmi f Pork and Fat
r U - D...1I.I.
luring War Period.
w,1 tV tilt Limeu Ditties XJCya.! L-
PteP,reainent of Agriculture.)
Feeilini: garbage to hogs is in keep-
Utilization tL aie piuuuuis uuu
.0' 1 i i. ,i : i, .
at K not uuiiug wi ur.
There is reason
fver that -many
to believe, how
of these enier
wlll prove to be
s rfioiently remunerative to remain
!rnianont aft or the war, especially if
Ls are foil on garbage from cities of
10000 or more, from which, doubtless,.
' parhngo will be disposed of and
nllized in this manner. Already tins
"thod of feeding has produced good
" . 1 A. J
sUlts, and many who nave emereu
the neia nvum "
Mted in the production of pork under
Jj other conditions, owing to the
A Good, Heavy Pig Such as Nation
amount of capital necessary and the
small probability of getting satisfac
tory returns on the money invested.
So far as can be ascertained in cases
in which failure has been met with
the trouble has been mostly due to the
fact that hog cholera was allowed to
claim a large portion of the animals ;
to other words the owners failed to
Immunize their stock in a proper man
ner. The belief that hogs fed on garb
age are exposed daily to the danger of
cholera infection is well founded.
There is always the possibility that
garbage contains scraps of pork, such
as rinds and trimmings from hams
isd bacon, or products of cholera car
casses that have been prepared for
markets at small local slaughtering
houses where no inspection is main
tained. These pieces of choleraic pork,
without doubt, will reproduce the dis
ease if consumed in the raw state by
susceptible animals, besides creating a
source of infection which may be re
tained on the premises under garbage
The hog raiser who feeds garbage
in a limited way only to supplement
in part other classes of feed can read
ily arrange to cook the garbage thor
oughly before feeding and in this way
eliminate, to a large degree, the dan
ger of cholera infection. If, however,
large herds are fed on garbage en
tirely, cooking is not practicable and
from the feeder's point of view it is
not advisable. Therefore, in all such
uses it is of the utmost Importance
that the animals be immunized and
thus protected from hog cholera ; . in
fact, "owners of such enterprises should
be sure that hogs are permanently im
mune before they are placed on such
Pigs farrowed from Immune sows
tove a natural resistance to hog chol
e during their suckling period. When
hp? are about to lose this degree of
immunity, about weaning time, they
Mi be given the simultaneous inoc-
cation (serum and virus). Even with
s method of treatment a few In
'iduals way become again suscep
cMe; therefore the herd should be
served closely at all times and
treated again if any of the animals
signs of infection. -ons'i'lering
the income derived from
ami the reasonable ratesat which
ur,;i1 lias 1, eon obtained, the extra
tyense 0f treating the animals must
Yi(v(1(i as part of a business prop
Mtifn, such -as insuring against de
action !,y fire or against accidents
' t any kind; und feeders of garbage
nriot Consular thai,. Kuclnaca oa Co fa
protect it against all pos
reverses, of which the most 6erl
0Us is b"g cholera
pTED TO SOIL BUILDING
eeP Peculiarly Beneficial to Land
-osing its Productiveness
Droppings Are Rich.
grofit rnrimr -fowmo V 1iott koan
J!,f'i year after year are rapidly
ui ir productiveness, and there
'H'SS of llro atrnr sn Wpll
'ted tn i.i,ti,ii . it.. n ,
nieir droppings are extremely
1Q n ,
"i; i in
'ine ean duplicate.
Advantages of Sheen.
tf'P ill live and thrive; where a
nui l starve, to death. They will
l out- j , m
qj wteus m me leutca auu
ton.' but lf yon expect to make
- "uu mem tney musr De given
a amount of care.
.! ; yy.'' v-v-.wj. --Xv-. :-:xV.:-X-gra.
, THE POPPIES.
"Guess what word the flower doddt
came from?" asked Daddy
xve no idea," said Nick.
uvui oeiieve I'd have an
stopped to think about if
''You guess, Nancy." said Daddy.
(iont believe I could," she an
swered. "Oh, try," said Daddy. "Gracious!
Put on your thinking cap! Just because
the weather is growing so warm, we
mustn't be lazy !"
"Well," said Nancy, after thinking
for a moment, "it might come from"
"It might come from " com
And then both children shouted at'
me very same time, for both had put
on their thinking caps
"Right!" said Daddy.
"It sounded so much like poppy that
It made me think of it for I knew by
your manner Daddy, it was something
strange," said Nancy.
"That's what made me guess that,"
said Nick. "It wasn't because I saw
much reason for guessing that name."
ell, you re both very honest ," said
Daddy, "not to pretend to be great
and wise. Besides there is really no
reason at all for the flowers to have
He's Such a Funny Old Wind.
such a name,
That is, there is no
special meaning to the word Papa as it
is used for them.
"In olden days the word papa
meant a goodie. This was a word used
by some people known as the Celts.
They used to feed their children all
sorts of soft delicacies which they
cuuea goouies anu as me seeus ox pup-
pies were sometimes boiled (not for .
j Ji a i
uie i-iuiureu out lor people lar aaj ,
and made very soft, Uley were called
goodies, too. Then as Papa meant a
Goodie, they became known by that
name and of course later on were
called poppies. Some popples were
talking together in a garden once and
they were telling the little popples the
history of their name. Soon they be
gan talking about their gorgeous color
ings. " 'It's so nice to be red,' said one
40ne would think you imagined
yourself to be a book,' said Mr. Yellow
" 'Whatever do you mean? asked
the red poppy.
M 'Books are read, aren't they?' asked
the yellow poppy.
"'Ob. dear me, how very, very
bright,' said Mr. Red Poppy. 'Of
cbwse I meant my color was red. I
should? have been more careful how I
"Tm glad you weren't,' said Mr.
Yellow Poppy, 'for it gave me a chance
to crack a joke.'
"And all the popples around laughed
so hard that they dropped some seeds
from the small, holes on the under side
of their pods.
"'I always drop seeds when there
Is a good joke,' said Mr. Crimson
"'So do I,' said Mr. Purple Poppy.
" 'We drop them too when the wind
blows,' said Mr. Pink Poppy.
" 'Ah, because he's such a funny old
wind,' said Mr. Yellow Poppy.
" 'No wonder,' said the wind as h
began to blow, 'that I don't let the
poppies last as long as the other flow
ers. It's because they call me a funny
" 'Is that the reason the poppies
ri cT loot lnncrpr T asked Mr. Sun. He
had seen the poppies and loved their
I gay, bright colors and many a time he
: had wondered why they lasted such a
J very short time. i
i "That's the reason,' said Mr. Wind.
"'No matter,' said Mr. Yellow
Poppy, 'we're glorious while we last.
! We would rather be gay, Drlgnt, neau
tlful poppies any day than those Ever
lnsHntr flowers which haven't any of
our color and dash.'
" 'Think pretty well of yourselves
eh?' asked the sun.
"We do," said Mr. Red Poppy, as one
of his petals was blown off by the
'Well, Daddy," said Nancy. "I think
there is more meaning to the name
papa and its relation to the word
goodie than you say there Is, for cer
tainly a Papa or a Daddy is a very,
very, very big goodie!" And as Nick
heartily agreed Daddy emiled a great,
Oil in Machinery of Life.
Courtesy is the oil In the machinery
of life; it Is necessary for comfort,
and it helps to make people happy.
Hair on a Donkey.
On which side of a donkey wonlf
you expect to find the more hair?
Answer On the outside.
The Towers of
RESIDENT WILSON has en
larged the wonderful Mukuntu
weap National monument, in
Utah, and changed its name. It
Is now known as the Zion National
monument, which is Immeasurably bet
ter from every point of view.
The old name, besides being hard to
pronounce and remember, was obscure
in origin and was never used except
officially. The new name is that in
popular use. Besides, it crystallizes
the romantic history of its amazingly
beautiful valley ; the surrounding coun
try was settled by Mormons many
years ago, and this difficult canyon was
chosen as a refuge In the event of
Indian attack, and called "Little" Zion
to differentiate if from "Big" Zion,
which was Salt Lake City. Since then
it has universally been called Zion
The enlargement -of the Zion Nation
al monument follows naturallv unon
lts recent thorough exploration and the
discovery of outlying areas of alto
gether extraordinary scientific Interest
; and scenic grandeur. That its fantas
, tic cliffs, its sensational coloring, and
its romantic conformation will bring it
j national popularity as a resort Is manl-
fegt destiny It has been caled for
gQod reasonSt ..tne mtle Gnmd Canyon..
nnd uthp dpsprt Ynspmlfp " W it rm
miniature of either; its individuality
Is marked. ,
Remarkable Variety of Color.
The original monument was' created
by proclamation in 1909, but, being
well outside the highways of ordinary
travel, it was not thoroughly explored
until within the last two years. Offi
cial Investigation and action promptly
"Among the numerous geologic fea
tures of interest," wrote Secretary
MAKING OF THE YELLOWSTONE
How Its History is Written in
Plateaus, Mountains, Petrified
Trees and Lava.
To comprehend what we have in the
Yellowstone, we must beein with its
making. The entire region is of vol-
canlc origin. The mountains around
it on both sides and the mountains
within it are products or remainders
of great volcanoes of the far past; and
the great plateaus, from which spring
Its geysers and hot springs and through
whose forests now roam so many wild
animals, are composed of the ash and
disintegrated lavas which were once
ejected from these volcanoes. Of
course the plains are now all deep with
soil. But such evidences of the past as
the black volcanic glass of the Obsidian
Cliff and the fantastic whorled lava
rocks of Mount Washburn are plain to
the least instructed, eye.
One particularly fascinating glimpse
of Yellowstone's tempestuous past is
afforded In the, petrified forest of the
Specimen Ridge neighborhood, where
many levels of upright petrified trun'i
may be found alternating, like the lay
ers In a cake, with levels of lava;
which plainly shows that, after the
first forest grew on the volcano's slope
and was engulfed by a fresh run of
lava, enough time elapsed for a second
," vRn1 -ffl. ,! it$j!i-l
Lane to the President, "tipo deserve
more than passing notlce The Ver
milion Cliff, so called bemuse of its
brilliant color, famous, sicjee the days
of Major Powell's exploration, as one
of the most remarkable liy the world,
an escarpment more thaui 100 miles
long and so precipitous that it can be
scaled in few places, pasVes through
this monument. It consists of red
sandstone 1,000 to 2,000 f ef thick and
overlaid by 1,000 feet of glistening
white sand. ' These two jfirm single
cliffs nearly 3,000 feet high;. These re
markable walls bear evidence that the
sand gathered in a desert n ages long
past that here was a grea prehistoric
American Sahara. S
"The second feature of Unusual in
terest lies Immediately abo the sand,
for the desert was destroyed by the in
cursion of sea water, whh covered
the drifting sand and burlekf it beneath
gypsum and beds of llmesto;reJn which
were entombed the shells arid bones of
sea animals." if
Mighty Cleft in Mountains.
The principal canyon, whifrh is more
than 15 miles long and varies from 50
feet wide in the Narrows trl 2.500 'f epr.
wide in other portions, ill a mighty f
cleft, as if the mountain had been
violently riven asunder. fThe walls
are inconceivably earved Itlto domes,
,half domes, colonnades, anaf temples
forms which appealed strongly to the
religious imagination of thJearly Mor
mons, who gave them names; which ap
peal strongly to the Imagination of to
day's tourist. p
The tortuous outlying ciyons and
monumental rock formatlo&l added by
the new proclamation make au area as
remarkable In Its particular way as
the Grand Canyon. There jre several
neighboring natural bridged of mag
forest to . grow upon that;evel; and
that this, in turn, was ehgjilfed with
new lava to make the level for another
forest, and so on. There Is f cliff 2,000
feet high composed wholly f these al
ternate levels of engulfed forests and
the lavas which engulfed them.
In magnificent contrast with the vol-
j canic Platpau and its border pf volcanic
mountains there rises from" the plains,
30 miles south of the park jone of the
most abrupt and stupendus outcrop
pings of granite In the W?,tern hem
isphere. From the westefrjj -shore of
Jackson lake the Teton mountains lift
their spired peaks 7.000 feet In appa
rent perpendicular. Many glaciers rest
upon their shoulders. Thejif climax is
the Grand Teton, whose altude Is 13,
747 feet. - . f !'
Thus does the Yellowstgrje run.the
scenic gamut. ,11'
Once Jacksons Hole, asfliis region
is still popularly called, wathe refuge
for the hunted desperado of : mountain,
plain, and city. In the recesjs of these
granite monsters he was saf t from pur
suit, and the elk herds of. the plains
provided him food. But fljat pictur
psque period of American liff jnas pass
ed with the warring Indian who also
here found temporaiy safe. Retreat.
Cut flowers will keep foesh many
days If their stems be inserted in a
mixture of chaveoal and sanoV
11- - '
Blest be the tongue that speaks no ill.
Whose words are always true.
That keeps the law of kindness still
Whatever others do.
Btest be the hands that toil to aid
The great world's ceaseless need
The hands that never are afraid
To do a kindly deed.
IN CHERRY TIME.
The cherry pie iss considered the
sine qua non of pie excellence ; and who
could refuse a
wedge of juicy
ries, like many of
our fruits, cannot
be enjoyed ,to the
full until one
pick and eat
the trees when the
fruit is in its i
prime. Fine varieties are the wonder
ful Bing and Royal Ann which grow
in perfection in southern Idaho where
the trees are as large as an ordinary
shade tree, carrying tons of the
luscious fruit. An experience never
to be forgotten Is to ride under those
trees, picking the great meaty cher
ries, so solid that there is no danger
of staining the gown, with all the lap
Spiced Cherries. Cherries ' are
spiced as any other fruit. Tiike seven
pounds of the cherries to five pounds
of sugar, three tablespoonfuls each of
cinnamon and cloves tied in a cloth
and cooked in a pint of vinegar. Cook
all together an hour and a half very
slowly. Remove the bag of spices, if
desired, before putting away.
Cherry Olives. Get the rich, dark,
well-flavored cherries. To a pint of the
cherries left with the stems on add a
cup each of water and vinegar: add a
teaspoonful of salt and seal. They will
be ready as an appetizer in two weeks.
Pickled Cherries. Pit the desired
quantity of cherries and cover over
night with a good vinegar; In the
morning drain and add an equal weight
of sugar. Stir occasionally through
the day, then set away In a cool cel
lar, covered with a cloth and plate.
The vinegar may be sweetened and
bottled for a summer drink.
Cherries canned fresh are delicious.
Add equal measures of pitted cherries
and sugar, stir until the sugar is dis
solved, can in sterile jars, seal and
keep in a cold place. If you have room
in the ice chest a few pints may be
used rnost aeptably all through the
hot weather, as a garnish for puddin;
'Tis everybody's business
In this old world of ours,
To root up all the weeds he finds
And make room for the flowers,
So that every little garden
No matter where it lies,
May look like that which God once
And called It Paradise.
When cooking peas wash the pods
and boll them first, reserving the
liquor to cook the peas.
This is a French method
of conservation and
gives the peas a much
finer flavor. Add a tea
spoonful of sugar to the
water when cooking the
peas and sometime, for
a change of flavor, drop
in a bunch of mint.
Lettuce is so common
ly served fresh and crisp
or with a dressing of bacon fat thgr
; we must remind ourselves that It is
both tasty and wholesome cooked asr
one does any vegetable. When lettuce
' gets a little old is the best time to
turn It into greens. Dress it with
j butter, pork fat, or in any Way to
give it a good seasoning. It may be
cooked until tender, then served with
thin cream or milk, with seasonings
as one does tender cabbage.
Cucumbers are another vegetable so
commonly served, uncooked that we
forget how good they are cooked un
til tender and served with a butter
sauce, seasoning with onion juice,
salt and pepper.
Swiss chard Is 'a "vegetable which
should find its way into every garden.
When very young it may be used as
a crisp salad, with French dressing,
and when well grown as greens. Spin
ach is another most wholesome green
which, when eaten freely in the spring
and summer, will supply all the iron
needed in most diets. In this season
of the year when there is suca a
wealth of fruit and vegetables we
should see that they are served every
day upon our tables. For those who
nccuse the salnd of giving them in
digestion, let them look into the whole
meal and especially the salad dress
l ig. Mustard when used in even
small quantities will cause stoma eh
trouble. When using mustard the
meres; suggestion is sufficient. French
dressing is easy to make and; on the
whole is the most wholesome of salad
dressings. If your family do noi like
olive oil. teach them to like it, fcr it
Is quite worth while
Tt eat as many potatoes as pos
sible and save the wheat let us have
potnto salad, often and always put a
cupful of mashed potato Into any of
'hp vppst breads as well as In baking
Nut Potato Salad. Mix a crpful of
pecan meats, broken In bits with two
rupfuls of rioed potato. Sprinkle with
salt and pepper, add onion Juice and
marinate with French dressing. Serve
on watercress with a boiled dressing.
KEEP HENS FOR CHEAP EGGS
Flocks in City Back Yards Can Be
Supported Principally on Waste '
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
The best opportunity for cheap eggs
for city families during the war lies
in keeping enough hens in the back
yard where they can be supported
principally on kitchen wastes to sup
ply the family table. The keeping of
Small Flock of Good Hens Will Supply
Enough Eggs for Average Family.
hens in back yards is an economic
opportunity for city families and at
the same time an essential part of the
campaign for increasing poultry pro
duction. The smallest and least favorably sit
uated back yard, says the department,
offers opportunity to keep at least
enough hens to supply eggs for the
household. The number of hens needed
for that purpose is twice the number
of persons to be supplied. Hence,
the smallest flock to be considered
consists of four hens. When hens are
kept only to furnish eggs for the table
no male bird is needed.
A coop for a flock of four hens
should have a floor- area of about 20
square feet, or about five feet per hen.
For larger flocks the space al
lowed per bird may be a little less, be
cause the space is used in common,
and each bird has the use of all the
coop except what her companions actu
ally occupy. For the ordinary flock of
10 to 15 hens, the space allowed should
be about four rquare feet per hen.
SHIPPING EGGS IN CAR LOTS
Average Losses of From 3 to 9 Per
Cent Can Be Greatly Reduced
by Proper Packing.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
The amount or damage sustained in
marketing eggs in car-load shipments
which, according to various reliable
authorities, averages from 3 to 9 per
cent, has been reduced to less than 1
per cent in tests conducted by the Unit
ed States department of agriculture,
covering a period of more than tvo
years and in which the eggs were ship
ped on an average of 1,200 miles. By
following good, commercially prac
ticable methods of packing, storing,
and hauling, eggs can be transported
In car-load lots with a total damage,
including "checks," "dents" and "leak
ers," of less than 2 per cent.
In order to reduce egg losses to the
minimum they should be packed In new
standard cases symmetrically made
with 5, or preferably 6, 3-penny cement
coated nails at each corner of the sides
and bottom and at the center partition.
Cases made of cottonwood have, on the
whole, the greatest number of advan
tages. Medium fillers (three pounds,
three ounces) or heavier should be
used. It is absolutely necessary, also,
that the filler be perfectly new. Even
a short-haul shipment into the packing
house should disqualify the filler for
further use. Suitable cushions of ex
celsior, with a flat, should be placed
on the top and bottom of the case.
Cprrugated board on the top of the case
affords practically the ame protection
as the excelsior cushion, provided it
takes up the slack.
The load of eggs must be a solid unit
in the car, fitting withoutplay. This
is the most important factor in avoid
ing damage in transit. The amount ot
damage In properly loaded cars buffed
with straw is slightly less than in the
same cars buffed with wood. In plac
ing the buffing, care should be taken
not to permit It to prevent circulation
of air, which is essential to good re
frigeration. When the straw buffing is
placed at' the bunkers and extends from
the top of the load to the floor of the
car, It is found that at least 50 per
cent of the refrigeration is lost
Self bracing of the load by means
of suitable strips placed below the
cases proved much more satisfactory
than braces nailed to the car. Nailed
braces seldom arrive In place and fre
quently cause much , damage.
Selected Breeding Fowls.
A few breeding fowls selected for
their superior vigor and stronger vi
tality will often return a greater profit
than a much larger number of fowls
which are lacking in these essentials.
Normal Eggs Favored.
Normal eggs are almost certain to
produce chickens which will lay nor
mal eggs, while the reverse is equally