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Polk County news and the Tryon bee. (Tryon, Polk Co., N.C.) 1915-1920, July 26, 1918, Image 3

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' "1 FURTHER CURTAIL II USE DF SUGAR PRESENT CONSUMPTION WILL EXHAUST SUPPLY WITHIN THIRTY DAYS. DISPATCHES FROM RALEIGH Doings and Happenings That Mark the Progress of North Carolina Peo pie, Gathered Around the State Capital. Raleigh. That North Carolina will be prac tically out of sugar within -30 days unless consumers cut their consump tion to much less than the maximum ration of three pounds per person per month, is the startling announcement this afternoon by State Food Admin istrator Henry A. Page, following tele graphic correspondence with the Washington office on the sugar situa tion. In issuing certificates to wholesalers and retailers the sugar division during July has been issuing certificates mp to 10rt per cent of the estimated re quirements given by merchants on their statements. All certificates have not been issued yet notwithstanding the overtime working of a force of more than 30 cleks in the sugar di vision, but a partial tabulation Indi cates that certificates have been is sued for very nearly double the ap portionment of sugar in North Caro lina for the month of July. This means that no certificates will be issued for August at all unless additional sugar is available from the markets for this state. Administra tor Page instructed county food ad ministrators that no further sales of 25 pound lots of sugar for canning and preserving purposes would be made without the specific authority of county food administrators. Heretofore the first 25 pounds has been sold upon certificates not requir ing the approval of county food admin istrators. Emphasis will also be placed upon the keeping of accurate records of sales of sugar in whatever quantities, by retailers. Fireman's Relief Money. The 1918 firemen's relief fund, accu mulated for the various cities and towns of the state that maintain fire departments through the payment by insurance companies of one-balf of one per cent on insurance premiums, received from insurance in the respec tive municipalities, has been paid over to the state insurance department and is just distributed by Commissioner James R. Young to thes6 towns, the total being $12,547.97. The fund is used Tor the relief of. firemen sick or I injured by accident, the care for their : dependents and for relief of needy firemen who have had as much as ten years' service. It develops that in quite a number of towns there has accumulated con siderable unused funds from the mon eys received in past annual distribu tions and Commissioner Young is urg ing thp proper authorities to invest thee funds in war savings and Lib erty bonds. Conclusion Comes Abruptly. Definite refusal -of the corporation commission to allow another contin uance of the hearing of the petition f the Southern BeU Telephone Co. for increasmg the rates in ' Wilming ton. Charlotte, Winston-Salem, Ashe-vilIe- Raleigh. Greensboro and other exchange towns, twelve in all, of North Carolina, brought the evidence and arguments to a conclusion, and there remains the preparation and Promulgation of the ruling, which it 1 understood will be forthcoming be fore Chairman Travis retires from the convrvssjon August 1. Mayor Mc ttnrh. of Charlotte, Mr. Kimbel, and otfters flf counsel for those resisting the increases, pleaded in vain for fur time. 60 days if possible, and cer tainly of, davg in whIch tQ g0 lnt( tne Befi company's- contract with the Am erican company, and for getting ex Pert testimony. 8mc New Charters. Ch arters issued by the secretary of Dr)(,tOrs La-ke Mllline- fnmnanv Ta. leigh, to maintain o - n i i a. a. i oui cittlUUtti, UUUV and fi.shlno- .itv. nc aaa ... nonzed capital and $800 subbscribed. er, 'rators are Dr. J. R. Rog Drake Haywood' and W- B. The Giat Mountain Land and De ll??111 ComPan7 of Charlotte with Ooo ? uhrized capital and $10,- m subscribed F ThPrTr -?i8tribut'on of Labor. i ' . ljnitd States eovernment In which? L l6ave nothIn undone looks to the DrODer diiitrt button . . &t and the jiUHbiMmi r,f 11 h LlTLlh countly i thown clearly s move to enlist verr avaJlahlii -BonCV y. . lafornL? work of disseminating ftiUee Uon' N week the com- Mton , vnonc Information will out th pek,n campaign through four. tnin "1ted 8ute8- utilizing the Wint men' organization, nam W)Bc rT 45'000- ln the theater, Whtrtef8 of all sort. Feed For Chick anrf w- Many North famiino " . greatly increased the number of pigs and poultry usually kept on- their farms. SuoDortRri Htv. i j of home grown1 feeds, these hogs and nana am..i. .. ; " Kive tneir. owners an adequate supply of another year's consumption, states J. M. Johnson of the agricultural ex tension service. It Is well, thornrh frtt. have added to the number of hogs and hoa-5 usually knt t ,,t- that, without more and better feeds, ims exira livestock may become a liability instead of a valuable asset. mere is always aom tmin QnA ' - ' O MUU J VIA' er products of an unmarketable, or uhh- quamy, which can be, and nearly always is and chickens on the farm. Thus fed, the animals make a cheap and reas onably satisfactory gain. When the number is increased, though, without auuiuuuai ieeas, tbey cannot be prop erly nourished. ? The idea that iha right now is that, with his increased number of livestock, he must provide i proportionately greater supply of feed. It is not yet too late to plant peas and other legumes near the house for the chickens late in the summer and during the fall. The hens will lay vjner with this extra green stuff, ant they will not require--nearly so much grain during the winter and early spring. The pigs now growing Into this win ter's pork supply need an extr amount of grajlng crops for late sum mer and fall. Plant soybeans, cow- peas, Spanish peanuts, or other crops on the available spots near the lota and pastures, or in the corn fields, and let the hogs Jo the harvesting. Afte the fattening hogs lve done their share, the brood sow with her fall pigs can go In the field and finish up the job. Then there is practically no waste, and the pork Is made at a low cost. Secure Labor in Orderly Way. The department ot labor has an nounced that only manufacturers en gaged in filling war contracts and em ploying over 100 workers will be re quired to obtain their unskiled labor through the United States employ ment service by the ruling which goes into effect August 1. This announce ment was the result of Inquires re ceived by the department or labor from employers not engaged in war work and specifies the conditions un der which private recruiting of labor may be continued. A copy of the announcement received by the local employment bureau reads as follows: "Non-war industries are affected only Indirectly. But they are one and all affected directly, from the. fact that the .war industries ofthe nation manding sacrifice and co-operation are now of paramount importance, de from all employers not engaged In war work In order that they may function with maximum efficiency. "Non-war industries, therefore, must not offer superior inducements, prevent the transfer of workers urg ently needed for war production or in any way attempt to compete with the government for labor. The following five classes of labor need not at the present time be re cruited through the United States em ployment service, although, of course, the machinery of the employment service Is available to all employers needing these classes: "1. Labor which is not directly or indirectly solicited. "2. Labor for railroads, except in so far as the director general of railroads has already or may in the future e quire that recruitng shall be exclusive ly though the United States employ ment service. " "3. Farm labor to be recruited in accordance with existing arrangement with th edepartment of agriculture. "4. Labor for non-war work. "5. Labor for establishments the maximum force of which (including the additional number recruited) does not exceed 100 employees." To Operate E. C. Railroad. President Henry Clark Bridgers, of the East Carolina Railroad Company, before leaving Washington decided to operate his own railroad under the liberal stipulations cS the railroad ad ministration as to satisfactory rout ings and fair treatment. - - t To Homestead Returning Soldiers. Secretary of State J. Bryan Grimes is In earnest In his request for home eteadlng soldier farmers in North Carolina. His plan is considered wor thy of support. The west will grab off lots of the soldiers after the war, and make good citizens out of them. Many of the boys at the front were valuable assets before they went to war . but they will be worth a great deal as community builders when they returni from the battlefield. This is a matter which vitally affects the entire country and the south particularly. Sell Wool to Mills Direct. ' An announcement Jrom the office of the Agricultural Experiment Station tends to relieve the situation in re gard to the selling of wool by farmers In North Carolina. In North Carolina there are three wooleni mill at work on government contracts. All three of these mills are making up equip mast for soldiera. and, by a special provision of the War Industries Board, they may buy wool from farmers di rect. . .They cannot bvj from dealer, however. . " . POLK COUNTY NEWS, TRYON, f C r i ; TO fif 51,101:24 FEDERAL APPROPRIATION AVAIL- ABLE IF STATE CONTRIB UTES LIKE AMOUNT. BENEFITS ARE STATE WIDE the Distribution of This Fund a Wide Range of Counties Are Interested. Washington. Th iron or a i Vocational Education has announced that North Carolina's apportionment for the fiscal year of 1915-19 under the ouum-uugnes act for the promotion of vocational education was $51,191.24. The stipulations governing the dis tribution of the federal funds specify that this amount must be matched by a State appropriation of equal size. Thus North Carolina will have avail able for Investment in vocational training a sum of $102,382.48. The distribution - . VAX VL1 WilXICV follows : Agricultural, for salaries of t aiu. ere, supervisors and directors - $28, 690.82; trade, home economic nH in. dustry for salaries of teachers, $5,- "'' teacher training, for salaries of teachers and maintenance nf teah. er training, $16,852.69. The educational institutions of North Carolina sharing in the allot ment of federal funds are: Lowe's Grove Farm Life School, Newton, R. Fi D.; Craven County Farm Life School, Vanceboro: Sand Hill Farm Life School, Vass; Red Oak Farm i-.ue benool, Rocky Mount, R. F. D.; Rich Square Farm Life School, Rich Square; Cary Farm Life School, Cary; Rock Ridge Farm Life Schrvni Tt w D. No. 2. These funds are designated lor the purpose of promoting agricul tural training. The institutions to receive appro priations for teacher trainine are th Agricultural and Engineering College, ot west Raleigh, and the North Caro lina Agricultural and Technical Col lege of Greensboro. Schools sharing in the distribution for the purpose of teaching home eco nomics are the Slater Industrial and Normal School (colored) of Winston Salem, and the State Normal and In dustrial College of Greensboro. Schools designated under the class-I flcation of vocational institutions are the Winston-Salem High School and the Cary Farm Life School of Wake county. Trades and industries will receive an impetus by the distribution of funds to the following Tar Heel schools : Roanoke Rapids graded school of Roanoke Rapids; Weldon graded schools, Wilmington graded schools and East Lumberton High School. Ravages of Red Spider. Raleigh. Complaints of the ravages of the Red Spider in the cotton fields of North Carolina are coming in from various sections of the State. Fine cotton plants, some entirely destroyed by the pests, were brought into the State Agricultural department .by farmers from the Bayleaf section in north Wake. The farmers, who brought them, stated that the spiders are giving the farmers not a little concern. The United States and the State Ag ricultural Departments are studying this pest which seems to be worse than usual this season. It is a very small spider, so called for want of a beter name, and attacks the leaves and squares. Recent N. C. Casualties. Raleigh. The following is a list of recent casualties among North Caro lina troops as shown by latest reports : Killed in action Private A. J. Hug gins, Ennlce; H. K. Burtner, Greens boro. Died of wounds Privates G. K. Spratt, Belmont, and James B. Chap man, Taylorsville. Severely wounded Private Wm.. A. Elklns, Fayetteville. Liquor Case at Lenoir. Newton. Frank Keever, of this place, charged with selling poisonous liquors last February causing the death of two young men from Con over, Garland Bolick a-nid Lloyd Smyre, has been found guilty of -manslaughter by the jury, but has not yet been sentenced. After the death of Smyre and Bolick some of the Jiquid sold these young men and the stom ach of Smyre were sent to j State Chemist W. A. Withers at Raleigh for analysis, which was found to contain 18 per cent menthos (wood alcohol). Elon "Over the Top." Elon College. Elon College now has 400 of her sons with the colors. Hen enrollment five years ago was by the board of trustees fixed at 400 a year and now she has furnished the nation with a number equal to her annual enrollment. The authorities of Elon College are rejoiced thus to serve the cause of righteousness and 'free dom. The Elon faculty identifies re ligion and patriotitsm in this war, and in this thought they have the united rapport of the.. board et trustee. i : rrr . 1 i- SEVERE HAIL AND RAIN STORM Crops in Section of Eight Miles Square Are Completely Devastated Hail Drifted to Depth of Two Feet Raleigh A stretch tof country eight miles square, encircling Holly Springs, was visited by a I jmost severe hail storm. The devastation is the most complete ever seen" tnj that partof the country, in that stretch of territory practically everything the farmers had was destroyed. Ftli cotton, tobac co, vegetables and i practically all de structible vegetatioi was completely swept away. Governor Rickett has promised to send a$ expert from the experiment station ltd Iconf er -with the farmres who have fpjbt' their crops rel ative to what can lej planted now most advantageously j The hail storm, mingled with high wind and some rain! )egan about nine o'clock in the morning and lasted afoout thirty minutes j At the end of that time the rain) "began to fall in torrents and contintid " to fall nearly all day. The hail fell jto depth of ten to twelve Inches in tfiittiy places, while in other places it drifted to a depth of thirty inches. 1 1 i County Representatives Appointed. Charlotte. Thirty; county mer chants' representatives! of the North Carolina food adpjfnjstration have been apppfnted recently by J. B. Ivey, state merchants' representative of the food administration P .A. Brooks was appointed sevefl j weeks ago as merchants' represeqjtfitive for Meck lenburg j county. The Imposed duty lof these repre sentatives is to brin before the peo ple in their respocfiv counties the rulings, regulations,! and requests of the state and Unite States food ad ministration. They are considered the publicity agents of thjeidministration. S v - i' Hr-i . Killed Daughters, pefamer. Raleigh. Mr. GeorigjB .Williams, who shot and killed Carl jiierette at Elm City on June 27 for delatning the name of his -14-year-old daughter, and who was seriously wounded by Vinerettee, is In a local hospital and will recover. It was agreed by ctpuiicil on both sides W. A. Finch fj? Idefendant and John F. Woodard fori deceased that Mr. Williams' bond baf fixed at $5,000, which was readily friished by gen tlemen of Elm City. I jrie preliminary hearing has been setpir August 8, to be heard In this cityH TTtl Latest Casualty List. Raleigh. The nain&s of those re. and missing cently kiled, woundei from North Carolina iiverseaa are as follows: , If! Killed in action Ii&ut. Presley R. Brown, Morganton, N ; C.; Private Henry K. Burtnr, Gfrensboro, N. C. Eied of disease Pjfvte Grover K. Spratt, Belmont, N. fcf: . Severely wounded-v-Corprrals E. McCollom, Wentworthand Allison M. Page .Aberdeen; Privsife Joseph Clark, Jr., Kenton, N. C. ' f " Sugar Substitute 'Formulas. Charlotte. C-A. Hhks, merchants representative of the 'food administra tion for Mecklenburg county at Char lotte, states that he"had received a new supply of the booklets containing formulas for making 'substitutes for sugar. Mr. Brooks had a supply of these books some tini ago, but they were in such demano,!by soda water dispensers throughouithe state that his supply was exhausted. He stated he is now in a positiono furnish them to anyone desiring alicopy. 1 Assurances of Fair iFrieight Rates. Raleigh. The corprtion commis sion, in replying to the: petition of the Raleigh chamber of commerce rela tive to special effort with the federal authorities for immcxlinte readjust ment of freight rates in the southeast era section to relievelNorth Carolina shipping points and specially Ral eigh from discrimination in compari son of rates with those enjoyed by Virginia cities, tells ttiei chamber that on two previous occsjons the com mission" pressed this" situation on the federal railroad management, and has already received assurances that there will be complete readjustment on the basis of mileage that wHI be absolutely fair to all concerned.! ' Artillery Army Camp. Washington Specialist is announc ed that Fayetteville fs !t6 have an ar tillery army camp. Recently there arose some trouble oyer profiteering at West Point, Ky., where a camp was to be located. Some, people' out there grabbed up the landaiid tried to profiteer on the government. ' It was then that the war dep&tfnent started out to look for another Jobation. Fay etteville was selectedr p survey of 40, 000 to 50,000 acres of fl-and offered at an average of $10 pfer acre, was started. 1 1 Mill Foreman VSunded. Fayetteville. D. L .jmdy, foreman of a saw mill seven "ptiles north of thsi city, is In Highsnith Hospital here in a seriously wounded condi tion, having been h'ottiiree times by Dave Evans, a negro &borer at the mill following a disputover the pay roll. Evans fired fou shots at the foreman, three taking effect in his left breat, left side and fp'earm. It was stated at the hospital ttat the extent of the seriousness of Biindy's wounds cannot , be foretold at fthia time, but hat he was , resting comfortably. . COMPLETE VICTORY SEEMS IN SIGHT WITH STUBBORN PERSISTENCE ALLIED TROOPS CONTINE TO PRESS ENEMY BACK. GERMAN LINES ARE BROKEN Americans and French Penetrate Enemy Lines, at Some Points to Depth of Three Miles. Victories for the allied arms in France continue to multiply. Over the entire 60-mile front running from Soissons to Rheims the allied troops are fighting with a determination that brooks no denial of their efforts. And the Germamns are steadily giving ground, though stoubborn. resistance is being offered on some sectors. Further goodly sized . indentations have been made in the Germain line between Soissons and Chateau-Thierry by the American and French troops and almost all the gains made by the Germans in their recent drive south of the Marne and toward the vicinity of Rheims have been blotted out un .der the counter attacks of the Amer icans, French, British and Italians. Cateau-Thierry, which represents the point in the battle line where the Germans had driven their wedge nearest to Paris, has been recaptured by the French troops and almost sim ultaneously the vilage of Brasles, two miles eastward, and the heights to the north of the village fell into their hands. Acting in harmony with the move ment on Chateau-Thierry, American and French troops northwest of the city struck the Germans another hard blow, broke through the German lines and drove through at some points more than three miles. Large num bers of prisoners were taken and the machine guns of the allied troops lit erally mowed down the Germans who endeavored to stay their progress. To the north, along the Oureq valley, the French are making good progress. The entire southern bank of the Marne having been cleared of enemy forces, French, British and Italian troops now are harassing those south west of Rheims and they have been forced to fall back In the Courton wood and the Ardre valley and near St. Euphralse. Aviators continue to leand assistance to the troops of Gen eral Foch, scouting the ' back' areas and harassing the retreating Germans with their machine guns. Notable work has bbeen done by American Indians for General Perishlng's men, the Aborginies taking a prominent part in characteristic western fashion. SUBMARINE ATTACK ON MASSACHUSETTS COAST. Orleans, Mass. An enemy submar ine attacked a tow off the eastermost point of Cape Cod, sank three barges, set a fourth and thedr tug on fire and dropped four shells on the mainland. The action lasted an hour and was un challenged except for two hydroplanes from the Chatham aviation station, which circled over the UJboat causing her to submerge, for only a moment, to reappear and resume firing. The crew of the tow numbering 41 and including three women and five children;, escaped amid the shellfire In lifeboats. Several were wounded, but only one seriously. , The attack was without j warning and only the poor marksmanship of the German gunners permitted the escape of the crews. The one-sided fight took place three miles south of the Orleans coastguard station, which is located midway between Chatham, at the elbow, and Highland light at the extreme tip of the cape. The firing was heard for miles and brought thousands to the beach from which the flashes of the guns and the out line of hte U-boat were piataly visible. Possible danger to the onlookers was not thought of until a shell whizzed over their heads and splashed in a pond a -mile inland. Three other 'hells buried themselves in the sand. 1,200,000 UNITED STATES SOLDIERS SENT OVER Washngton The high! water mark of the German offensive povement In France has been reached; and the ini tiative now is passing to the allied and American armies. General March, chief of staff, told members of the sen ate military committee. Later he an nounced that American troop ship ments had now exceeded 1,200,000 men, InsuringHhe man power to hold the initiative on the western front. WILSON SENDS MESSAGE TO COLONEL ROOSEVELT Washington . Upon learning that German aviators had confirmed the death of Lieutenant Quentin Roose velt, President Wilson sent this mes sage to Colonel Roosevelt at Oyster Bay: "Am greatly distressed that the new of your son's death is confirmed. I had hoped for other news. He died serving lila country and died with fine gallantry. I am deeplygrieved that Ms, service should hare come to tWf jragic end, ' ,;-. ....... Willi MAINTAIN FERTILITY OF SOIL Cover Crops Are Used to Supply Humus and Improve Physical Condition of the Land. (Prepared by the United States Depart ment of Agriculture.) Thrifty trees produce the best yields, and in order that the trees may con tinue to thrive it is necessary that the fertility of the soil be maintained. This Is done by the use of cover crop3 which are used to supply the amount of humus In the soil, and by the ap plication of fertilizers either in the form of barnyard manure or commer cial fertilizer. Cover crops improve the physical condition of the land, pre vent washing and hardening of the soil, hold the rains and snows until they have time to soak Into the land, cause the soil to dry in the spring making further tillage possible, and sometimes serve as a protection from frost. When a leguminous crop Is used plant food in the form of nitro gen is added to the soil. Good tillage and the maintenance of an ample supply of humus or decaying vegetable matter In the soil will do much to keep it in a sufficiently pro ductive condition for peach growing. But. continuous tillage of the soil tends to deplete its content of humus unless it Is renewed from time to time. Where stable or barnyard manure Is abundant there is probably no more satisfactory way of supplying humus to the soil than by a liberal use of It Manure Is seldom obtainable, however. In sufficient quantity to meet any far reaching needs. In its absence the use of cover or green-manure crops Is to be advised. The plants commonly used for cover crop purposes fall into two' groups leguminous (or nitrogen-gathering) and nonleguminous. The former group comprises red clover, crimson clover, bur clover, field peas, vetch, cowpeas, and others ; the nonleguminous group consists of rye, oats, buckwheat, mil let, rape, turnips, and varieus others. Sometimes the growth of weeds or other more or less spontaneous growth is encouraged after the seasonal cul tivation Is ended, as a means of ob taining a cheap supply of vegetable matter for the soil. Red clover is more commonly used In apple orchards than In peach or chards, and especially when it Is In tended to omit tillage for a season. Vetch Is apparently being used more and more as ap orchard cover crop in the northern fruit districts. Crimson clover is especially satisfactory in some of the light soils In New Jersey and Delaware In seasons when there ' Eigh-Year-Old Peach Tree Pruned With View of Developing Strong, Stocky Branches and an Open Top. Is a good, supply of moisture in the soli at the time of seeding. Cowpeas are very widely used for this purpose in middle and southern latitudes. Probably rye Is the most widely used nonleguminous plant. It can be sowed late in the season, and It lives over winter and starts Into growth early the next spring. All of these points are important considerations In many instances. But oats in com bination with vetch have been espe cially satisfactory in .some cases, and German millet has been shown to be almost an Ideal nonleguminous cover crop under some of the conditions that prevail in Nebraska. When a cover crop is used in a peach orchard It should be plowed under as early In the spring as prac ticable, unless the growth that Is on the ground can be worked Into the soil effectively and more conveniently by the use of a disk or cutaway harrow. However,' If there is an abundance of moisture in the soil, the turning un der of the cover crop Is delayed In many cases until after It has made considerable growth in the spring, In order to obtain as large a quantity of vegetable ! matter to be worked. Into the soil as is possible. ; NEGLECT OF CIDER VINEGAR Bushel of Apples Will Make Four Gal lon and tti Other I as Good , for Family Ue. Cider vinegar Is being neglected. A bushel of apples will make four gal lons of cider 'or vinegar. No other type of vinegar Is so good for family use. It brings 12 to 15 cent per gal lon wholesale. It is not difficult , to make if one learns what to do and arhen to'do lr - ffSIpt Jlfj r4foVV n

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