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IMPORTANT HAPPENINGS OF THIS
AND OTHER NATIONS FOR
SEVEN DAYS GIV F.N
THE NEWS 0F f HE SOUTH
What Is Taking Place In The South
land Will Be Found In
. Lieut. Harold F. Maxon of Los An
geles and Cadet G. F. Gedepn of Ti
tusville, Fla., were killed when their
airplane crashed to the ground in a
hay field near Comack, N. Y. It was
caused, it Is thought, by an explosion
The so-called billion-dollar budget
for railroad improvements and equip
ment has proven insufficient to meet
war needs, and it has been increased
to $156,000,000 more than the origi
nal aggregate that is to say, to $1,
097.398,000. There is a growing need for more
cars due to the great demand on the
railroads for war service.
The Tulsa (Okla.) Confederate reun
ion committee, composed of many of
the leading citizens of Tulsa, have been
engaged for some weeks raising a fund
of one hundred thousand dollars and
perfecting an organization for the en
tertainment of the twenty-eighth an
nual reunion of the United Confeder
ate Veterans' association, the Confed
erate Southern Memorial association
and the twenty-third reunion of the
Sons of Confederate Veterans, on Sep
tember 24-27, inclusive.
It is believed that one hundred thou
sand delegates and visitors will attend
the Confederate reunion to be held
in Tulsa, Okla. -
Arrangements have been made to
care for, free of charge, from 5,000 to
10,000v Confederate veterans at the
reunion September 24-27 to be held
in Tulsa, Okla,
nrcanizpd labor's emDhatiC ODDOsi-
tion to any work or fight provision in
the new man-power bill extending the
draft ages is expressed in a letter
from Samuel Gompers, president of the
American Federation of Labor, to the
members of the senate military com
mittee. Generous support of the schools, colt
leges and universities where it will not
interfere with the operation of the
draft law, is urged by President Wil4
son. He deprecates any falling off in
the schools further than necessity re
"My only regret is that I am unable
to fight beside my sons." Thus runs
the answer of Col. Theodore Roosevelt
to the expressions of condolence from
President Poincaire on the death of
' his son, Quentin.
DisDatches from Cape May, N. J..
report that the American schooner
Dorothy Barrett was, sunk by shell
fire from a German submarine. The
schooner was set on fire by the shells.
Seaplanes and chasers dropped bombs
without result over the spot where
the U-boat was last seen.
: Robert Fay, who has been at liberty
two years, having escaped from the
"federal prison at Atlanta, Ga., has beca
apprehended in Spain, and will return
to the United States without extradi
tion. He had been convicted of placing
bombs on ships carrying supplies nnd
troops to Europe.
General March is reported to have
said to the senate commite on mili
tary affairs that it is up to the United
States to put enough men in France
to win the war, and that when we get
four million men "over there" under
one American commander we will go
through the German lines whenever
and wherever we may elect.
American troops at home and over
seas are setting world records for
health and low death rates.
Deaths from disee among soldiers
during the week ending July ,26 were
at the rate of 1.9 per thousand a year.
In the past the best rate was 20 per
thousand during the Russo-Japanese
Official dispatches from American
Consul General Poole in Moscow lifted
the curtain for a moment on what has
been going on in Moscow, Russia, and
revealed an amazing train of events.
Recruiting of labor in the neighbor
ing British colony of the Bahama Isl
ands, off the coast of Florida, for use
in emergency war work in the United
jStates, is going on actively at Nassaur
jreports reaching Washington indicate.
It is announced that the annual death
irate among civilians of military age is
!6.7 per thousand.
French and British citizens have re
cently been arrested in Moscow and the
Bolsheviki announce they will be held
,as hostages because of the attack on
.'the soviet government by British and
,French troops at Archangel.
And now Mexico turns to smite the'
hand that saved her. All the oil In
Mexico is owned by American and Brit
ish companies. Under the newest de
cree Mexico attempts to make oil the
property of the nation. Mexican j,e
'troleum'then would, become a national
'ly-owned ; contraband, and as such
imight not be sold by a neutral coun
try ta a belligerent under International
Members of the French and British
military mission stationed in Moscow
have-been refused permission to leave
the country in apita of a previous prom
ise of safe conduct.
Freedom of departure from this
country-of aliens by means of which
a number of dangerous enemy aliens
has been able to escape from the au
thorities since the United States en
tered -the war will not be permitted
after September 15 under a procla
mation signed by President Wilson
and an executive order. . ,
Fifty thousand women will be need
ed by July 1, next year, to assist Ja
the care of the sick and wounded in
the American army. .
Fully 15,000 women can be used as
hospital assistants or student nurses
in the United States, says Surgeon
The allies need this year 430,000,000
ban els of crude oil, for which they de
pend entirely upon the United States.
The United States can produce not
over 315,000,000 gallons. The Mexi
can fields can supply 130,000,000 barrels.
Lord Robert Cecil, British under sec
retary of state for foreign affairs, says
he believes the international commis
sion on revictualizing forms the nucle
us of a league of nations.
Available from French sources, it
is pointed out that the German losses
since the beginning of the war to
the present has been not less than six
From the British Army headquarters
in France, it is learned that German
acknowledges her man power is dwin
dling. Judging from the news emanating
from Russia, the march of events is
rapidly assuming proportions of a rout
to the Bolsheviki. .
Czecho-Slovaks have taken new
heart in their heroic fight against the
Germans and Austrians, due to the
rapid movement of allied troops at
Vladivostok and to the west of that
Just four wees ago the residents of
Paris were awakened by the sounds of
such a cannonade as they never had
yet heard. It was General Mangin's
"counter preparation" against the Ger
man attack, which the enemy believed
was to take him into the gates of clas
Allied troops, among whom the men
from America have borne a creditable
part, have captured 73,000 prisoners
and more than seventeen hundred guns
in the four weeks' drive against the
The German supreme command on
the western front, it is reported, has
passed to specialist in retreats Gen
eral von Boehn, who conducted such j
a masterly retreat four years ago, when
General Joffre turned and hit them so
hard they never knew what had hap
The Germans are being beaten and
outgeneraled at every point, and the
soldiers from America have hardly yet
"Another defeat for us; we shall
lose the war. We have nothing to
eat, no clothes, no shoes; we shall !
starve and be utterly ruined." As a
cure for this state of mind the Volks
Zeitung, says an Amsterdam dispatch,
administers an antidote in the shape
of a raging article about the enemy
"wanting to murder, rob and enslave
German men, women and children."
"Foch and Haig probably will con
tinue attacking on the Somme, but
they will never achieve more than
pyrrhich victories, which will assist in
the attrition of their own forces," says
Baron von der Osten, the military
critic of the Rheinische Westfalische :
Zeitung of Essen. '
The Weser Zeitung ofBremen, with
ill-concealed pessimism, regretfully ad
mits that the once derided United '
States army is giving more trouble
than was an&ipated.
The Frankfort Gazette is pleading
with the German military authorities
to tell the whole trtuh "as far as pos
sible." Allied and neutral shipping sunk by
anemy submarines during July amount
el t6 270,000 tons. This is about one
half of the tonnage sunk in July, 1917.
The entente nations constructed
during July a tonnage in excess of
280,000 tons that were destroyed dur
ing the month by enemy operations.
Turmoil in Bohemia has" resulted in
the execution, of seventy-four Czech
soldiers and wholesale arrests in many
raids. The Hungarian garrisons are
being reinforced and arms are being
confiscated. Public and private meet
ings have been prohibited and sev
eral newspapers suppressed while oth
ers are censored.
Munich newspapers say it is believ-.
ed that even a slight incident will
bring about a general uprising in Bo
hemia. Four hundred and forty-two men are
missing as a result of the torpedoing
of the French steamer Djemnah in the
Mediterranean the night of July 14-15,
while bound from Bizerta to Alexan
dria, with troops on board, according
to a French official announcement.
The British government has issued
a declaration formally recognizing the
Czecho-Slovaks as an allied nation and ;
the three Czecho-Slovak armies as an ;
allied force regularly waging warfare
again the central powers.
Three German generals recently
commanding near Montdidier have
been cashiered for neglect of duty. A
large numher of soldiers were court
martialed. It is announced that the Czecho
slovak forces have increased to 300,
000 and are being reinforced by Ser
bians, Cossacks and counter revolu
tionists to the Bolsheviki.
The social revolutionists .have an
nounced, through German sources
that they will soon institute a reign
of terror in Moscow. It is stated that
conditions in Petrograd are equally
HERE IS A REAL FLYING FISH OF THE AIR
- This Nleuport uirplane can rightly De called "the flying fish," judging
from the manner in which it is decorated: Its American pilot is standing
alongside of his machine, somewhere In France.
PARIS IS 'SIREN'
Gloomy Ones Are Named for the
Unwelcome Air Raid
OPTIMIST IS A "BERLOQUE"
People Have Joyous Time While Wait
ing In Subway Stations Crap
Game Holds Interest of
Paris. Two more words have been
added to that very growing dictionary
of war words. In Paris these two
words have achieved a new signifi
cance. Pessimists are now known as
"sirens" and optimists are "berloques."
The significance Is self-explanatory
to those who have experienced an air
raid In Paris. Many dread the screech
ing, weird, bansheelike wail of the
alarm giving siren more than the act
ual danger from the raiders, while the
"berloque," that lively little bugle
call telling that all danger is past
and that one may rest safely In one's
bed. is Indeed a friend welcome as any
A Paris bookkeeper who suddenly
left the city when the raids over the
capital became too frequent and went
to Nantes has been sued by his em
ployer for $60 damage for leaving with
out notice. The case, not the only
one of its kind in the French courts
today, is attracting attention.
The bookkeeper's explanation was
that his nerves were upset by the
bombs and shells and that he thought
himself Justified in getting out of dan
ger. The court held that a bombard
ment by airplanes and long-range
guns could not be considered a suffi
cient reason for the breach of con
tract and gave judgment for the
The darkened streets of Paris have
caused many persons to roam around
town after returning from the theater
or a visit because of the difficulty in
finding the streets and house numbers.
An attempt to improve this condition is
to be made soon by placing luminous
numbers traced in little buttonlike mir
rors which reflect and magnify the
smallest glimmer of light on the houses
of the city.
DIES LIKE A COWARD
Ex-Czar Wilts at Death; Propped
Collapses When He Faces the Firing
Squad German Paper Gives Ac
count c Execution.
Amsterdam. With two hours given
in which to prepare for the end, Nicho
las Romanoff, former Russian emperor,
was taken out by his executioners In
a state of such collapse that it was
necessary to prop him against a post,
says the Lokal Anzelger of Berlin,
which claims to have received from a
high Russian personage an account of
the emperor's last hours.
Nicholas was awakened at five
o'clock on the morning of the day of
his execution by a patrol of a non
commissioned officer and six men. He
was told to dress and was then taken
to a, room where the decision of the
soviet council was communicated to
LAND FOR ITALIAN SOLDIERS
Law Proposed In Rome to Award Re
claimed Acreage to Fighting
Rome. It is proposed that a special
law be passed by parliament to au
Cttrize the state to expropriate all bar
ren and uncultivated land, which shall
be divided among the soldiers who
hare been at the front and reclaimed.
For this object It is proposed that $8,-'
000.000 be set part and that xcesa
One would think upon descending to
one ofJhe large and centrally located
underground railway stations which
are used as shelters that a soiree was
!n progress instead of an air raid.
This is what the correspondent saw
one evening during a raid when he
was obliged to seek cover in one of the
In one corner a violin, accompanied
by two guitars, was doling out a tune
to which a "squadron" of youthful avi
ators were waltzing around, their part
ners being a group of pretty danseuses
who had hurriedly left a neighboring
theater wearing their costumes, make
up and all.
In another corner a group of Poilus,
loaded down with their trench equip
ment, having been caught in the under
ground while on their way to the rail
road depot and to the front, were sing
ing "Madelon," their "Tlpperary," in
rather discordant tones. But it was
singing Just the same.
Crap Game Holds Crowd.
An unusual feature of this particu
lar "soiree" was a genuine all-America
n crap game not for keeps. It would
hardly be an exaggeration to say that
lialf of the crowd in the station had
edged around the half dozen spare
American doughboys three of whom
were gentlemen of color to witness
this contest in bone throwing.
The colored gentlemen handled their
5 SERVED AS GERMAN
: SPY, VINDICATES SELF
Atlanta, Ga. Walter Wander
wel, a world-wide traveler ar
rested last yea- m a suspected
German spy, having proven his
Innocence after five months' im
prisonment to the satisfaction
of the courts, is now making
good in the eyes of the public
by serving the United States in
the office of scoutmaster of
troop 31, Boy Scouts of Ameri
ca. At a recent street corner
meeting of the boy scouts, Wan
derwel finished a short talk and
collected over $200 for the
Thrift Stamp boy scout can
vassers. hlim He was Informed tho
would be carried out In two hours.
The former emperor, It is added, re
ceived the announcement of the sen
tence of death with great calmness, but
when he returned to his bedroom he
collapsed in a chair. After a few min
utes he asked for a priest, with
whom he was allowed to remain un
attended. Subsequently he wrote sev
When the escort arrived to take him
to the place of execution Nicholas at
tempted to rise from his chair, but
was not able. The priest and a sol
dier were obliged to help him get to
his feet. The condemned man de
scended the stairs with difficulty and
once he fell down.
As he was unable to stand without
support when the place of execution
was reached, he was propped against a
post. He raised his hands and seemed
to be trying to speak, but the rifles
spoke and he fell dead.
Has Given Good Service.
A bridge over the River Dee in
England that was built in 1280 still
is in use.
"-"v "lui'uscu on men ex
empted from active military servio
and the proceeds of enemv property
confiscated and sold in Italy be utilized
for the purpose.
The sum so formed will' be used for
the creation of a consolidated loan at
3y2 per cent, and will serve for the
less than 2 per cent.
High Prices in South America
App'eton. Wis. George Peotter re
turned from a trip of several months
:k Hoftnpss that was dellght-
fully reminiscent of "somewhere In
u J . thai rfrt-
Harlem, to say nouung ui
ficiency In the vocabulary of the game,
which Parisians have since learned
is a very essential adjunct to any skill
Investigation of casualties following
an air raid over the capital have
proved to the authorities that the
greatest number of casualties are not
the result of Injuries received from
the bombs of the raiders, but of care
lessness on the part of the victims.
Parisians have become too accustom
ed to airraids. They stay mt of doors
to see the bursting of the shells from
the antiaircraft guns and others leave
their shelters and go home before the
As a result recently 23 persons were
injured, some because they did not
keep under cover long enongh, and
others because they stood at their win
dows, watching the bursting shells as
If it were an exhibition of fireworks.
The police have again warned the pop
ulation. "The better protectior of
the city," says an order, "is no reason
for neglecting the precautions dictated
by common sense."
VILLA'S STEPSON JOINS
UNITED STATES CAVALRY
Manchester, N. H. William
Ceraco, aged nineteen, who says
he is a stepson of Villa, the no
torious Mexican bandit, has en
listed in the United States cav
Ceraco says that three years
ago. during the border uprising.
Villa shot his father and mar
tied his mother. Ceraco came
north with the New Hampshire
troops when they returned from
duty on the border.
He says that he likes the
United States so well that he
has decided it Is worth fighting
for anywhere and was very anx-,
lous to know when he could get
IN CHARGE OF Y. M. C. A. WORK
Dr. E. M. Wylie, who has arrived In
England from the United States to
take complete charge of the religious
work of the Y. M. C. A. In Great Brit
ain. The work that the Y. M. C. A.
has done for American soldiers in Eng
land and France has received praise
from all sides. It cannot be over
stated that It is a stimulating and in
valuable factor in the high morale of
It is not a generally known fact that
many women engineering experts are
in business in this country.
ANGELIC RUFFIAN A PROBLEM
British Lad Is Only Four, but British
Colonel Seeks a Trainer
London. The following advertise
ment from a l,ondon newspaper shows
that a colonel had a greater' problem
than commanding his men :
"Colonel, young wife and small ruf
fian of angelic exterior, age four, offer
home, board and $150 a year to a
young lady who will undertake to in
still into said ruffian the 'elements of
a Bayard, develop a naturally strong
affection and help said wife in house
and domestic duties. Family, less
colonel, pleasantly situated. Good par
entage anC upbringing and a cheery
disposition main essentials. No pes
simists." Nerve Tonic Was Corn Cure.
St.. Louis, Mo. Mistaking a bottle
of "corn cure" for a nerve remedy
Miss Olga Pitt, nineteen, took a big
dose. She was soon hurried to the
Utyjiospital in a serious condItIoiu
-i South America, brings with him con
olation for victims nf the high cost oi
'ving. "Soft coal, which is most gen
rally used, scils for $26 a ton, and
gasoline brings GO cents a gallon " he
said. 'Tea, a light lunch, is served at
i a. m. and again at 10 a. m. At 1
p. m. breakfast is eaten, then tea again
at 4:30 and dinner at 7 p. m. Beef
sells at 16 cents a pound and pork at
20 cents." Mr. Peotter covered Ven
zuela and the Gulahas.
A kiss returned ! ks earned.
I ' i
ft J. A )a WetUrn Ntwipaper Union
GAINS ARE Ml
ENEMY RETREAT OVER
O CT CIY mi 1 1 r- .
miwco;, W! SLR VI! i c
NOW IN BRITISH hANDS.
NOTABLE ADVANCE By f
French Penetrate L,r, to D
Mile or Mors a,,, Cant P 0f
Towns and 2,20:
The Germans on
sectors of the wp
have been compelled
tions of-grefat strut,. ,; VaiUP ?"
the onslaughts of HnlishUrider
French troops. ar!
In the Lys sector. nf .
tieres, the enemy ha- treated
a front of nearly six v.y. 0-r
the town of Merville U ; . h
Between the Matz and o river
French have fought . r Way T
western outskirts of dnmi
nrvolfi An Af T .
"i- uaoaiguy arm larthf
in th:s hill and woo ji
and also captured the town nf d, 4
prez, situated in th U; vallev 0"
the Noyon-Comiepgne r:a.-i. ' "
Around the curve in 'he battleline
northwest of Soissons the French from
near Carlepont to Fotwenoy on the
Aisne, a distance of approximately
nine milesy j have driven bark the
enemy to an average depth of 'more
than a mile and captured sevefll vi'.
lages and 2,200 prisoners.
ENEMY DEFENSE IS
Unofficial reports record the cap
Sture by the British of the railway sta
tion on the western outskirts of the
Important town of Rove, one of the
pivotal points on the battlefront be
tween the Somme and the Oise. but
there is no official confirmation of
Viewed on the war maps the gain?
, in the new operations are most im
! portant ones for the allies, for, aside
from wide areas over which the en
emy has been compelled to acknow!-
; edge defeat the weakening in the
j German defense is becoming daily
GERMANS ARE NOW IN
Under the new gains of the British
around Roye and particularly those
made by the French from Lassigny to
the Oise valley and northwest of Sois
sons, the Germans now are in a bad
predicament. Here their positions are
dominated by the allied puns from
the west, southwest and south for
many miles and apparently a retreat
eastward across the plains of Picardy
and over the Somme and even from
the western Aisne will be necessi
tated. The latest German official coramu
nlcatlon asserts that French attacks
between the Oise and Aisne. deliver
ed oyer a wide front, failed, but the
French war office statement is spe
cific in announcing the penetration of
the environs of Lassigny. the cutting:
of a passageway through the Thies-
VvsfcA , nUUU ClilVA Lilt- v ujm
ALLIED AIRPLANES NOW
IN CONTROL" IN THE AIR
Italian Army Headquarters Two
Austrian documents captured on the
Austro-Italian battlefront show the ex
traordinary mastery of the entente al
lies have obtained over the enemy in
aerial warfare. The fust -enjoins
greater protection for the ammunition
dumps and emplacements against
aerial observation by more efficient
camouflaging and less military order.
The second document, which is from
a colonel commanding an
unit, seeks to explain the impossibility
of systematic effective destruction of
the entente allied artillery. This in
dicates that the allied guns, as weil
as aerial observation, are superior.
ARE SWEPT ASHORE
Norfolk, Va Two abandoned dife-b-oats
of the Norwegian bark N0".
sunk by a German submarine -
. - were
miles off the Virginia capes.
swept ashore on the Atlantic cpa
near this port. One was Ale!
in the breakers by the lif-1 siU
crew of the Virginia Beach stati -and
an hour later the surfmen of
Little Island life saving station.
miles further south, reported the
covery of the second.
ALL GROUND TAKEN BY FOE
IN FIVE MONTHS REGAIN6
New York. It is possible
view with a, certain measure of
ness the facts and figures of
operations and to measure the j
but sure turn of the tide hlfn a
brought up at the present rooi
situation where all the ,
ground lost in the first four mon
the campaign has been retaken
fifth and the invaluable advantaR
the initiative has passed to tn