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POLK OOUNTY HEWS. TRYON, U. G.
French SugarTlltlls Deslrg
EVERY STOCKMAN SHOULD SAVE EWE LAMBS
Wake Up, Polk Cou
DID YOU KNOW IT?
Prance must Import sugar today,
most ef it from this side of the ocean,
because the largest portion of French
sugar beet land Is In German hands.
As a result, the French people have
been placed on. a sugar ration of about
18 pounds a year for domestic use;
a pound and a half a month. This
photograph rhows how the German
troops destroyed French sugar mills.
Thanks to the French rationing sys
tem the annual consumption has been
cut to 600,000 tons, according to re
ports reaching the United States Food
Administratis. Before the war France
had an average sugar crop of about
750,000 tons of sugar and had some
left over for export.
HEALTH IS WEALTH E
t STATE BCHRD
Quoetlon on Health. Hygiene and Sanitation of general interest to our readers
wiU be answered in these columns or by mail if addressed to this office or to th
Stat Board of Health at Raleigrh and accompanied by a stamped, addressed envelope.
Ho diagnosis or treatment of individual causes will be attempted.
The Doctor In The Small
"We have only three doctors here
that one could consult, and none of
them understand such cases."
This sentence, or something like it,
appears rather frequently in letters
coming from readers who reside in the
country or small Tillages.
If there is any difference ki the pro
fessional ability of the doetor in the
email town and the doctor in the city,
I have never been able to detect it. In
fact, speaking as a city doctor, my
impression is that the doctor in the
small Tillage averages a few points
higher than his city colleague in abil
ity, no matter whether the city man
Is a hospital or dispensary staff man
or not. The sixe of a city does not de
termine the professional ability of its
doctors. I need not mention stereo
typed illustrations of this fact. They
are so common that mention is un
necessary. A doctor In a small village may have
the same schooling, the same medical
society affiliations, the same text
books the same medical journals, in
fact- every means his city colleagues
enjoy in keeping abreast of medical
progress. One can find fearful moss
Ibacks doing a large and lucrative
practice (business would be the right
Iword) In the city. Personality, affabil
ity, social activity, financial backing
,& great many factors besides medical
'proficiency may build up and hold a
j I know many villages and small
towns where the emtire medical pro
fession is united in scientific work,
jmarchin? in the van of medicine, fully
(posted on the very best and latest
iprogress of the art. And I doubt H
TWO PC A3 tN A TOt.
TWEEDL5DEE AND TWEEDLEDUM
The woods are full of country doctors
who can give cards and spades to
our city brethren.
The woods are full of country doctors
who can give cards and spades to
our city brethren when it comes tc
making a scientific diagnosis or ap
plying the very best of treatment.
Don't be deceived by appearance.
If you are, first thing you know some
suave quack will have you in hi?
clutches, of material prosperity.
S TV VUS AMERICA GETS HALF A MILLION TONS Ml
flSsfiW) Or SUGAR A YEAR-. . JKa
rAMERICAN families would have less sugar than the
n ,'Cpje- War torn ance? if we depended entirely
on our home-grown sugar stocks.
to our wly 75Jper C?nt of our suar is shipped
n?' Wlfr2duce about 1.000,000 tons of sugar
Son TfJL lmPorts from abroad amount to over 3,000,
000 tons a year m normal times. '
familv to SSfJ States 00d Administration asks each
pereiioJ - hLTt f uar to two. pounds per month
per person tor household use. The military situation Ho
"I AmvVo7Nrilablip be PlacedTtTetoposa6!
Ewe Lambs Selected for Breeding Purposes From Edgscombe Test Farm.
there is a single large city In America
where twenty-five per cent of the phy
sician? are not hopelessly behind J
times, though perhaps apparently pros
perous, perhaps actually prosperous in
a business sense.
A man may study In the country as
well as in the city. The country doc
tor may visit the elinics for special
work just as readily as the city doe
tor. Do not let the glamor of the city
blind you to the facts. The man do
ing a hard country practice may not
have the exterior trim of a city phy
sician, but under his old mud-flecked
clothes beats a heart as true as any,
and after all, it may be thftt his rough
exterior is but a mark of the rugged
honesty and high-mindedness within.
R. S. Curtis, Animal Husbandman, Ani
mal Industry Division, West Raleigh.
There has doubtless been a time in
the history of the world when the
sheep industry of the United States
was in such a deplorable condition,
and never a time when the production
of wool and mutton were as impor
tant. There is today a world shortage
of 53,000,000 sheep, and this condition
has arisen during one of. the most
critical stages in the history of this
country. Before the declaration of
war there was a material shortage in
meat products and the emergency
which has arisen makes the condition
the more critical.
We, will not only need all of the
meat products which can be prc
duced from lamb and mutton, but the
needs of the government In supplying
the soldiers with clothing is going to
make unusual inroads into the supply
of wool at hand. Wool at the present
time is selling as high as 80 cents per
pound In the grease, and the chances
are favorable that it will go still high
er. Under present conditions this
means that the wool clip from an av
erage breed sheep is worth around $5.
There is no other farm animal which
produces such a by-product and still
leaves the animal for reproductive
purposes to replenish the breeding
The census taken of livestock in
North Carolina in 1900 showed that
we had 300,000 sheep, and the censu3
taken in 1910 showed a sheep popula
tion of only 200,000 or a decrease of
33 1-3 per cent. Such a condition is
critical, as it not only-means that we
are helping to deplete the supply of
meat and wool, but we are taking
from the farms an animal which, when
properly handled, will return the
largest percentage on the money in
vested of any farm animal.
The slogan qf every stockman
should be to save the ewe lambs suit
able for breeding purposes. It is a
crime to allow them to go to the
shambles. This is so fully realized
that prominent livestock and kindred
organizations are making every effort
possible to divert the female breeding
stock to the farms. For example, the
Philadelphia Wool and Textile Asso
ciation is transporting large numbers
of western sheep into the east for the
purpose of re-establishing the sheep
industry on the eastern farms, where
at one time this industry flourished.
If one-half of the farms fn North
Carolina maintained twenty head of
breeding sheep this would mean a
sheep population of four million head,
or approximately twelve times the
number which we now have. It is a
conservative estimate to state that
there is sufficient waste land on half
of the farms of this State to. carry
this number of sheep. The amount
of feed which it would require to keep
this number of sheep would scarcely
be appreciable. On the Iredell test
farm in this State twenty head Ct
shtep have been maintained for sev
eral years. The wool from these
twenty breeding ewes has just been
sold for $5.C0 per head, which is- more
than smff iciet to pay for the cost of
keep, leaving- the fambs clear profit.
When the good pasture is available
the wool will pay for the cost of
that permanent pastures can not be
provided in all sections of the States
is not an obstacle to sheep production
since temporary pastures are very
much better and there is no section
of the State where such cannot be
grown. The chief reason for using
I temporary pastures is to retard the
development of stonaach worms which
is one of the two chief troubles in
The other obstacle, or at least what
is commoaly supposed to be an obsta
cle, is the dog. This can be controlled
by the use of corrals where sheep are
kept at ntght. There is really more in
the fear of the dog than the actual
damage which is sustained. The writei
is of the opinion that if farmers in
terested in sheep wait until adequate
dqg laws are passed that the sheep in
dustry will lag hopelessly. Before a
dog law can be passed it will be nec
essary to have a. large number of in
terested stockmen bring pressure to
bear on their legislators. If an at
tempt is made to pass a dog law there
is really no argument at the present
time, since there are not enough sheep
owned by a sufficiently large number
of stockmen to back up the issue
Even though we had a law at ths
present time sheep should be corralled
at night, since there will always ba
some dOgs which may prey on the un
protected flock. Conservation of the
breeding animals is the one point
which needs prompt attention, and the
dog and intestinal worm problem!
should not stand out as barriers when
an industry is facing extinction.
War Time Sweeteners
MERICA has several excellent war time sweet
eners that flvill be used largely during the
shortage in the sugar supply.
They are maple sugar, syrups, honey and
molasses and may be used in preparing des
serts and other dishes requiring sweetening.
When a cup of syrup or honey is used
to replace a cup of sugar the liquid in the
reqipes should be decreased one-fourth.
One-third of a cupful of sugar is equivalent
to One-third of a onn nf Vinnow oKnnf x-.
half xup of syrup and about one-half cup of com sugar
One-fourth of a cup of sugar is equal to about one-half
cup of syrup or one-third cup of corn sugar. One table
spoon of sugar is equal to one tablespoon of honey, about
one and one-half tablespoons of syrup and one and one
third tablespoons of corn sugar.
m Sugar may be saved by the use of raisins, dates, firs
dried pears and fruit pastes used on the breakfast cereals'
i. j. marmalades, butters and jellies should be used
to wake the place of the ordinary sweetening, at a meal and
not as accessories to it. Fruits may be preserved without
sugar. It may be added when sugar is more plentiful
Preserving demands this year a thin syrup instead of a
heavy syrup. r
If sugar is used' one-half of the amount may be replaced
by another sweetener. p dLeu
Drying is a means of preserving (without sugar) sd
ples, cherries, strawberries and black caps P .
When ready to use they may have added the needed
sugar m the form of a syrup. When sugar is more plentiful
fruit juices may be made iito jellies or may be used m
fruit juices with or without sugar, as beverages, fruit
gelatins and frozen desserts. 6 ' iru11
Fresh fruits supply the place of sugar in the diet. Thev
should be used freely. Desserts where -sugar is scarce
may be made of gelatins, junkets, oustards, puddings and
XATtvi KoVi n rl in Any mirvto
takfi n. Thrift. Stamn for nhano-P r.. o . UI
" . " ai Savings Qfa I
. fiaii ifs.
John Orr k Co.
Phone No. 14
Tryori, N. C.
Germany will not win if you do your duty. You
should not only buy every dollar's worth of War
Savings Stamps possible, but should have your chil
dren buy, and should ask all with whom you come
in contact to buy.
This space contributed to winning of the war by
THE TRYON MOTOR CO
TO-flE WEBER WAGON,
WHY PAY TRIBUTE?
To StocK Insurance
When von cnr nmtppf
. J y VUIUV1J. X I Will IVGO UJ llll -1
the old relidbleState Mutual of North Carolina, at25pe
cent, less man stock companies will write you for.
Call on or write
Geo. Ao Gash, Agl
Tryon, N. G
An Ambition and a Record
'T'HE needs of the South are identical with the needs
of the Southern Railway: the growth and success of om: means
the upbuilding of the other.
The Southern Railway asks no favorr no special irivilrre not
accorded to others.
The ambition of the Southern Railway Company is to see that
nnity of ir.trrcst that is born of co-operation between the public anJ
the railroads; to sec perfected that fair and f rani: policv in the inanafe
ment of railroads which invites the confidence of fovernunmtal
feiicies; to realize tint liberality of treafnent which will embl: it
to obtain the ad-iinonal capital needed for me acquisition of better and
enlarjcd facilities incident to the demand for increased and better
service; and. finally
To take its niche in the body politic of the South alonrside of
other treat industries, with no more, but with equal liberties, equal
rights and equal opportunities.
" The Southern Serves the South."
BUY WAR SAVINGS
RTAI mTATr inum in
nm LolAlt, LOflflS AND mmm
City ; and Farm Property. Bought and Sold. Finished and u
turnished houses for rent. Property taken care of and ren
collected. Do not waste your time and tire yourself out lorktf8
for a place. Our auto is at your service free. r
And put Polk County "Over the Top'