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POLK COUNTY NEWS, TRYON, N. C.
2 I I II
OF FANCY FOWLS
- i i- in Mnro r r I cc fn.
gral Improvement, ui ruuiu;
.1, t '.;,,-, States Department of
P 1 wruulture.)
Xlu-ro r-nouhl not be any discourage
, nI ii' H'' brreding of what is or
irilv known as? 'fancy poultry. That
., i- u-uauy appiieu ro me stana-
-a iiv ; s Kt'1 specialists wno
' jUU'f1iiiiuon birds. That prac
ce luis jihvays resulted in more or
u tii i:;i implement oi poultry
l(l si,e:iM continue to perform just
, j lllMctioii at tins time when the
kider keeping of a better grade of
,trV siock cannot ian to result in
3 itK leased production. The work
if tlte poultry specialist aiso gives cn-
Louraj.'onient to tne general farmer
,,,1 ifio liacK-yaru poultry keeper
. . ll. 3 . .1 m a
0 taKe lu trer care ui me iiocks. xne
Lntinuanre or pouury exnioitions,
Vaaintain'u almost wnony ny tne poul-
Wuig the present emergency. It has
V.wnj's been the breeders of exhibition
fowls who have been the leaders in
f.romotinir the welfare of the poultry
industry, and these men have been
(specially willing to give their time
anil efforts in working for increased
rrmimtion. The poultry shows them
selves afford an opportunity for inter-
jesting individuals in poultry keeping
bd have served as effective centers
4,nm n-hirh tn launch nnri vtonrl tlio
campaign for increasing poultry pro-
To the specialist in poultry produc
tion it is not necessary to say in this
connection anything with regard to
breeds' that should be used, but to the
general farmer some suggestions along
that line Tnight be of assistance in
mwavz iae uuiusiLueui to cnancreu
Standard poultry, as the phrase is
commonly used in America, is noultrv
bred to the standards established hv
tie American Poultry association. The
mi m oi luuhinx sianuarus ior ron rrv
i . , i: . ... i ,
v " c if
is tne same as rne ODieet or mnk- tip
U 1U1 au U1UUULL tJI I'll MIMI1 I V T
e., to secure uniformity and estab-
Uh t sprigs nf crnHoe tic a Hoc(c
main; in the artielp.
In making standards for poultry
Wnicn firm v in thp nrnnoce nf Ti-nriiis.
Con. the nrmcinjil nnirrta nnnslitvH
are Size, stamp and ml nr.
Size ,ni(i shape are breed characters
8uU lariTP V ffptprnnno ihn rwnnt 1i1
Tallies of nnnltrv Afntiv ctanHard
breeds f1ivul,rl fntn va'ricfiai! Aiffnf-
in;.' 111 Cli nr hnt lrtontinnl ?n orflrr -tfi
Uil IfV ridint hnt aa
linn. Flir PY'.mn!o o i'Vifi vniiAftr nnrl
- v.MiiijMt ti n line ainj ciiivi
A D flf'k ViiriPtv rtf fha comn Kpoo1 o irek
'hhv-ij vfi Hit C4 t UlV-tU W
7'uuin nocK uock, rirsi
miller. . i i . . .
" '- uiacK hircis rm not irpss tor
the rri!irL-,f ., ,.i j
""i- a.-s ciean ana nice iookiuk
u l,:. . .
"lit- ones, it nftpn hnnnpns thflt
ttev . r
hen a flock of tmvls is kpnt for
l'r"dUCti(in ,r,l.. Si 1
"lucn iss iinportant' than anproxi-
tl,(' tlllifonnitv .n cio anrl trnp VP
Cock nf V.;,i ' ....At
' Vi. LllC Ct, 111 t V.UIUI
COS Sphir.t; . -
i.'i i ill i r i i c " r l m a i ' i i in i w i
; -muu ior coior as iar as it caa
P full 1 ... - - .
"i-mwu without snrrihcinsr anv
Pterin 1 tw.;4.. "
a poultry keener erows his
ST( k y(,ar after vea- he should
V nil v, . .
I"pular standard breed. By do
Sf and bv splpptinfr ns hreeders
finv , .. " : .. -----
. v. Ill V- UVO, t.V-v.1111- "
t'l Thr. n. ..
- 111 HV nf tha hect cnoiimpna
iiuck as are needed to produce
l' ( k ns reared each year, a douI-
li.r (l,'siuible uniformiti of excel-
" in ('VPrv rfn nrlin 1 nnollfu and
little extra care and no extra
' f'!in ).o t, i i : i t.
(ol,r. To the novice in poultry
it oftpn nnnpnrs thnt thefe
i ' m-cfssiiy ior so wuuy
'"'us jirw' n..;n,i i . kt
j., ant;Lies as nave uccu
'nrJardized in America. Further ac
J anitance with them, however, shows
ih ',,th(fcugh color differences are in
cf c 'es merely to please the eyes
enpPerRns havInS different prefer
Ps for color, the differences In
chi, "r'(i size which make breed
vi"acter have been developed with a
to , t0 adaPtinS each to particular
t3 r particular condlUons.
. t '
' "'S Air
We have the same Mr. Seal whom
we share between us," S;lid Mrs. Sally
Seal bnt our little baby seals are our
"That is right," said Mrs. Susan
Seal "In fact our Mr. Seal is shared
by about one hundred Mrs. Seals We
don't earn to have a mate apiece-"
that s foolish for we are used to shar
ing a Mr. Seal and so we think it's
all right that way."
"I wouldn't like to share the babies
though," said Mrs. Sally Seal.
"Neither would I," said Mrs. Susan
Seal. "You see how nice everything
is. Nothing happens which we' don't
like, and everything happens which
a nice world," said Mrs. Sally
"My babies "were born on this very
beach." said Mrs. Susn Seal, "and I
was so interested in them that from
the time 1 came up on this beach un
til four weeks or more had gone by 1
didn't have a thing to eat. S.miehow
I didn't think of food. I waft so in
terested in the children and everything
"I didn't have anything to eat for
about six weeks, 1 think," said Mrs.
Sally Seal. "The beach is so inter
esting and when I come to it I like to
stay for quite awhile. But then I be
gan to grow restless and 1 knew the
children wanted to be led, so 1 went
back and forth, back and forth."
"The same as I .did," said Mrs.
Susan Seal. "And I do believe that
all the ether seal mothers did the
same. Do you know that there is
something about us which puzzles peo
ple?" "I didn't know it," said Mrs. Sallv
"Would you like to hear about it?"
asked Mrs. Susan Seal.
"I would, indeed," said Mrs. Sally
Seal. "Can you tell me? Do you know
what it is?"
"I do," said Mrs. Susan Seal, "and I
will tell you about it."
"That is good of you," said Mrs.
Sally Seal. And they both settled
themselves on the beach, after they
ltad had a little bite of fish for their
luncheon and then Mrs. Susan Seal
began her story.
"People," she said, "are very much
puzzled because the Seal children al
ways know their babies. They think
it is strange."
"Don't mothers know their babies?"
asked Mrs. Sally Seal.
"Yes, I believe they do," said Mrs.
Susan Seal. "In fact I am sure they
do. I have never heard anything dif
ferent and in fact I am positive they
"Then why do they think it is
strange that we should know our own
babies?" asked Mrs. Sally Seal.
"Because, you know," said Mrs.
Susan Seal, "there are so many of us
and such lcs and lots of baUies. To
every Mr. Seal there' are a!out a hun
dred Mrs. Seals and every one of those
Mrs. Seals, of course, has her own
little family. So there are just lots
and lots of children around the beach.
It's different, you see, from the way
people live. Different mothers live in
different homes so that the children
don't get mixed up so easily. -
"They think because there are so
many children along the beach that
they're hound to get mixed up, and
that because the children all look alike
to them they must look alike to us."
"Well, did I ever!" exclaimed Mrs.
"Of course, when the little dears
come around we love and look after
our own ; we don't bother about the
other mother's family. And the seals
find their own mothers, the little pets.
"Yes," continued Mrs. Susan Seal,
"we know cur darlings and they know
us, and if people think it is strange
all I can say is that I think it is
strange for thera to think such things.
"Our only trouble in life is the fear
of the whale which tries to kill us
but' oh, for the most part we're very,
And Mrs. SaUy Seal agreed. "Yes,
We're playful and we're good swim
mers. We can dive and leap and al
most dance. All seals, until they're
four or five years old,, are just full cf
frolics and fun. But though we play
and have a good time we always- know
oar little children and can pick them
out, even though there are thousands
of seals on the beach."
Father, who was endeavoring to in
culcate in ten-year-old Henry a love
for things historical, asked:
"What ancient ruler was it who play
ad on the fiddle while Rome was burn
ng?" . "Hector, sir."
"No, not Hector. Hector was no
uler, but a Trojan prince. Try again."
"Then it was Prince."
"Prince? What do you mean,
"Well, then it must have been Nero.
I knew it was spmebody with a dog's
In the Stone Age.
"We're getting soft and effete," de
clared the first cave man.
"Look at my brother's daughter.
She's about to be married. You know
the part of the ceremony where the
groom taps the bride on the head?"
"Well, they're rehearsing it with
I gkagkatvObriwA . ,... . . SaCJi
A Weil-Kept Corner
TOURISTS in China and even
old residents generally pass
by Nan-tung Chow, a city on
the Yangtse river which has
not been open to foreign business as a
treaty port, writes Frederick R. Sites
: Asia. Consequently comparatively
few people are aware that a com
munity which" may exert a powerful in
fluence on the whole of China as a
practical example of modern achieve
ment is there to be found a commu
nity that has taken great strides in de
veloping education, social institutions,
public works, manufacturing enter
pises and agriculture, ranging from
the kindergarten to college and from
good roads to land reclamation.
Features commonplace enough in
occidental life appear as marvels when
found in this purely oriental setting.
All the changes have been wrought so
quietly and entirely under Chinese
leadership that even one of the most
alert American educators in China
heard of them with surprise and keen
interest. This quietness of action is
typical of the modesty of the man of
classic letters, his excellency, Chang
Chien, whose enterprise and wise lead
ership have been the mainspring of
this new life. The positiveness of his
integrity, benevolent public spirit and
unselfish progressive leadership make
him stand out in the whole of China.
Nan-tung Chow lies upon the north
shore of the Yangtse river about 100
miles from Shanghai. Recently an
opportunity presented itself for mak
ing a pilgrimage to this" Mecca of
Evidences of a new China were at
once visible. A carriage was brought
up from the steamer landing by way of
wide, well-graded roads, lined with
young trees, and built on top of dikes
constructed as a protection against
the Yangtse river floods. Here and
elsewhere throughout this district the
banks of the canal are protected with
neat stone "bunding" or with solid
retaining walls. These well-built and
well-maintained roads and canals, with
occasional neat pcUce stations and
clean settlements, unusual in China,
were the first indication of a guiding
hand and the new spirit which has
been working among the people.
Chang Chien's Scheme.
Our farmer-scholar-statesman host
outlined the scheme of industrial de
velopment of Nan-tung Chow, which is
centered in six land development com
panies. It is in this industrial pio
neering that Mr. Chang takes keenest
Interest. The first of the companies
he started about 19 years ago. Capital
was subscribed liberally by his ac
quaintances and other Investors who
had Implicit confidence in his integrity.
A tract of about 119,000 mow (or 20,
000 acres) of wild land salt marshes
along the seashore was diked to keep
out the ocean storms, and ditched to
drain off the salt water. Much of the
land was then brought under cultiva
tion, and the rest used for producing
salt by the evaporation of sea water.
Our host exhibited special pride in
this enterprise, because success .was
won in the face of extreme difficulties.
Government aid could not be secured.
The project instead met obstruction.
It was a fight against the government ;
nevertheless Mr. Chang carried through
his plans. His weapon was his pen
and his pen was backed by right. But
the project had also to contend' with
nature; for when the company was
only four years old a great typhoon
played havoc with the dikes, and the
company was nearly bankrupt. From
this lesson of experience, however,
and by dint of perseverance, the dikes
were rebuilt according to a stronger
plan, the losses were retrieved and
the company was again placed on a
basis of success.
After 11 years a second land com
pany was started. During the last five
years four additional companies of the
same sort have been launched. These
six companies are now engaged in re
claiming and cultivating a total of
8,000,000 mow (about 1,300,000 acres)
of land. Mr. Chang estimates that
these enterprises will provide work
and subsistence for 3.000,000 Chinese
families, who are purchasing small
farms or renting them on shares. That
the various companies were not
launched until the first one had proven
Itself successful is evidence of the
caution of this wise developer. The
men who are now managing the more
recently established companies had
their training in th original one.
"What is your personal motto and
of Nan-tung Chow.
the secret of success of your joint
stock companies?" I asked Mr. Chang
Chien. "It is contained in three
words," he replied. "Tell' no lies; be
not lazy ; be ever frugal."
Schools of Nan-tung Chow.
The ideals of its leader are stamped
upon the conduct of the schools of
Nan-tung Chow." They are in evidence
in the mottoes of his own composition
written in Chinese characters of gold
and crimson and adorning gateways
and assembly rooms. In classic
phrases these mottoes impress upon
the students the importance of his
"three WOrds" Rut nther monna ora
employed more impressive than mere
mottoes. An artistic little pavilion has
been erected over the spot where an
honest youth happened to find an ar
ticle of great value, which he promptly
carried to his teacher so that its right-
iui owner might be found. A stone
tablet placed in the pavilion tells the
story and honors the youth for his ,
A unity of plan is a notable part of
Mr. Chang's educational system. His
scheme provided practical industrial
opportunities for those young men and
women who have already been given
special training in the colleges of com
merce, agriculture, medicine and tex
tiles. Their training prepares them
for subsequent usefulness in the many
enterprises under Mr. Chang's direc
tion the transportation companies,
land development organizations, hos
pitals, cotton and flour mills. This
logical program of special training and
immediate opportunity for active par
ticipation in the work of the communi
ty is far in advance of the vision and
plan of educators in many western
Landscape Is Beautiful.
The location for his schools, many of
them the rambling buildings of old
temples slightly remodeled, is one of
the attractive features of Mr. Chang's
educational plan. With characteristic
care he has selected a site so as to
include the essentials of a beautiful
landscape, according to Chinese ideas
of art, such as lakes and dry land, trees
and fertile fields with a pagoda, a
camel's-back bridge or some other ar
tistic structure in the background.
A visitor sees in the vicinity of the
agricultural college experimental
fields bearing heavy crops of sea Is
land cotton, sugar cane from America,
selected wheat for specific kinds of
soil, attractive orchards of apples,
pears, figs, and groves of bamboo and
mulberry. These is a school of em
broidery with 100 young women who
are studying under the instruction of
a Chinese lady of renown, the most
skilled artist in embroidery in China.
The course of training includes draw
ing and painting as well as needle
work. In another school an antique
art is being preserved by the teaching
of tapestry weaving. A public library
has been built and equipped with 113,
000 volumes. This library is housed
in a charming group of buildings, well
lighted, and set amid gardens which
are fragrant with roses and bright
with the red glow of the berries of the
The social institutions were equally
representative of a spirit of progres
sive enterprise ; among them the home
for destitute old people, a distinct nov
elty in China.
Machine for "Setting" Bricks.
Long-standing difficulty in obtaining
labor for "setting" bricks during their
manufacture has led to the develop
ment of a new machine for doing this
work, which is understood to have con
siderable flexibility. This machine,
which is illustrated in Popular Me
chanics Magazine, operates in conjunc
tion with an overhead crane. The lift
ing mechanism is provided with a
series of long fingers, each of which
is shaped like an inverted "T." . These
members are thrust between the bot
toms of courses, when, for instance, a
stack is to be transferred from a dryer
car to a kiln.
Betrayed by His Wife.
A Salina man, who has been boast
ing that he employed girls in order to
release the city's man power for mili
tary V service, forgot to Instruct his
wife In the art of patrioteerlng. She
carelessly let it out at a women's
meeting last week. The Journal says,
that "John is hiring girls now. He
says he-can get them cheaper." Kan-
sas City Star,
Tis well to have a, merry heart
' Quite free from grief consuming,
And cheerfully to bear our part,
For better days are coming.
ECONOMICAL MEAT DISHES.
EAT may be made to
go twice as far in
serving and the dish
still he as valuable
from a nutritive
Serbian Rice. Wipe
with a dampened
cloth a piece of meat
from the shoulder, cut
i n inch squares. Heat
a living nan. add a tablespoonful of
any sweet fat. anil one small onion
and a third of a carrot, both sliced.
Put over the heat with the meat, a
tahlespoonful of salt, a teaspoonful of
paprika, and cook over a slow tire.
When half cooked add a pint of wa
ter and a half cupful of rice, adding
more water as needed. Add more sea
soning if needed before serving.
Chili Con Carni. Boil a pound of
lean beef until tender, then remove
from the broth and chop in small
pieces. Put back into the broth with
half a pound of kidney beans, which
have been cooked until tender; add to
these a quart of tomatoes, a bit of gar
lic and a red pepper. Cook for 20 min
utes and season with salt and serve.
Mutton Stew. Take a piece of mut
ton from the neck, cut In small pieces
and put to cook with a sprig of pars
ley, a bay leaf, two cloves, two pep
percorns and water to nearty cover the
m,eat. Let simmer about tw6 hours,
then add a carrot or two, cut in fancy
slices; add six potatoes, cut in thick
slices, a cupful of tomato, and sim
mer until the meat and vegetables are
tender. Remove the bay leaf and the
parsley and serve. The objectionable
flavor, the woolly taste, Is fn the pink
skin on which the wool grows. If this
skin Is removed the stew will be more
Liver a la Mme. Begune. Take a
nalf Pund of oalf's liver cut in rllin ;
slices. Lay the liver in salted water
while peeling five 'Targe onions, slice
In thin slices and cut in halves. Dry
the liver and place it In layers with
the onion ; let stand for an hour, then
cut the liver in cubes, dredge with
flour and season with salt and pepper.
Dredge the onions in the same way,
they fry all in a frying basket until
well cooked, the onions a golden
brown. Pile the liver in the center
of the platter and garnish with a ring
Hamburg Steak. Make a mound of
the chopped seasoned meat, adding a
pinch of cloves and a bit of grated
onion, with the salt and pepper for
seasoning, arid cover the top with lat
ticed strips of salt pork, arranging
them carefully, then bake. lUmove
to a hot platter and garnish with pars
ley. Serve with mushroom sauce.
"I can't afford it," are hard words
for the average American to say. but In
the very act of saying them he Is on
the way to being able to afford it.
S. E. Post.
HE name of salad may I
mean fruit, fish, flesh
or fowl, not to men
tion the countless
tions. Spina is a good
green to be used as a
n f national War Gardn
salad after it has
been cooked. Serve
with hard-cooked egg
and a boiled salad dressing, with a
bit of finely chopped onion.
Chopped chives may be used in
place of the onion and French dress
ing in place of the boiled dressing.
Fresh green onions cut up over crisp
lettuce and served with French dress
ing is a most wholesome salad.
Fresh green onions sliced in
; cream, seasoned with salt and a few
dashes of paprika, is another tasty
salad to prepare in a hurry.
Lettuce, peanuts and chopped onion
with French dressing is another good
Cheese and celery Is a dainty combi
nation when one wants something out
of the ordinary. Stuff the short, ten
der stalks of the celery with grated
seasoned cheese, or with cream cheese.
French dressing is usually prepared
by using one part of vinegar to three
parts of oil, with salt and pepper to
tnstp A ehnnze from the ordinary is
made by adding a teaspoonful of
catchup, or other sauce, some chopped
ereen nenner and serve this on sliced
0..ww . i' - K.
cucumbers or on tomatoes. Served
on head lettuce with chives this is
Radishes and green pepp'ers served
on lettuce with mayonnaise is another
salad worthy of note.
WTatercress is one of our most val
uable salad plants; being rich in min
eral matter makes it h good tonic.
Brazilian Salad. Here is a dainty
titbit to place before one's friends.
Take equal parts of sliced pineapple
and strawberries, with a dozen Bra
zilian nuts, cut in thin slices after re
moving the brown skin. Let stand to
marinate in a little French dressing
and serve with mayonnaise on lettuce.
Roquefort cheese, a tablespoonful
finely chopped, sprinkled over head
lettuce, with French dressing, Is a
salad worth trying.
A pretty salad may be prepared by
rolling balls of cream cheese In
chopped pistachio nuts. Serve on let
tuce with any desired dressing.
RIGHT MANAGEMENT OF COLT
Practical Suggestions for Feeding and
Care During Early Life How
to Promote Growth.
(From the United States Department of
Colts should be housed in dry, sanf-
tary quarters, which give fairly warm
protection from winds. Where sev
eral of the animals are kept togeth
er it is important to make provision
for the weaker ones and see that they
are not driven away from their feed
by the stronger animals.
The quarters should be kept clean
and well bedded and occasionally
should be disinfected. Lice are to be
suspected when the animals get to
rubbing and lose patches of hair.
Thorough washing with the proper
solutions of coal-tar disinfectants will
kill lice. It costs money to feed lice,
consequently efforts should be made
to keep them down. The foals should
be out In the open every day that is
not stormy; it is harmful, however,
for them to, remain out in a cold rain.
The foal should be taught to lead and
to stand tied during the first winter.
Feeds that will promote growth
should be supplied. Good, clean clover
hay is palatable and slightly laxative.
Timothy hay commonly Is fed. Well
cured alfalfa hay free from dust is
one of the best roughages for growing,
but because of its relatively high pro
tein content it generally is economical
to supplement it with other roughage
such as timothy, mixed hay, or corn
fodder. Besides lending variety to
the ration such a method of feeding
alfalfa would offset any likelihood of
kidney or bowel Irregularities. Sheaf
oats can be used to advantage to sup
plement other roughage. The animals
Should not be allowed to gorge them
selves on dry feed. They should be
given only what they will clean up
readily, but at the same time enough
feed should be supplied. Oats, corn,
and peas, preferably fed ground, are
suitable grains. Bran, oil meal, or
gluten feed will add protein and lend
variety. Cottonseed meal should not
be fed to foals. Appropriate grain ra-
A Standard Bred at a Government
tions for the first winter are: Two
parts corn, five parts oats, three parts
bran, and one part oil meal; or four
parts oats, one part corn, and one
Silage should not be fed to foals to
any considerable extent. Sliced roots,
such as carrots and sugar beets, are
ve:-y palatable and have a cooling ef
fect on the digestive system.' The
quantity of feed generally should be
regulated by the appetite, although
occasionally the appetite may be too
ravenous to be a good indication. The
general condition of the colt and
the droppings should be observed
daily. Usually not over one pound
of grain per 100 pounds of live weight
should be fed until the animal is two
years old. A liberal supply of salt
and good water and plenty of fresh
air and exercise are essential for the
proper development of young horses.
Idleness succeeding exercise "will cause
constipation. It is often said thaf a
horse is made during his first winter.
Certainly this is a critical time in the
nimal's life, and at no other age will
proper feed and atteutlen do so much
to make of him a good horse. If
stunted during the nrst winter he
! never will gain proper size and shape,
I Foals should be changed from dry
feed to pasture gradually ana should
not be turned on pasture until the
grass is old enough not to become
washy. Grass is an indispensable fac
tor in the economical and proper phys
iological development of young, horses.
During the second winter the feed .
and management should be neariy the
game as for the first winter, except
that the quantity of feed should be
Increased somewhat, the colt tied up
in his stall, and handled ; frequently.
Education by gentre and careful but
firm handling , at this age will save
later much strenuous-labor.
The. succeeding years are- largely a
repetition of those alretfdjr discussed
so far as feed and management are
concerned,, although' the quantity of
feed must be gradually increased as
the animal grows. The prime general
essentials for the proper .develop-'
ment of horses from the yearlhig 6tage
until they are put to work are: Fresh
air, pure water, plenty of exercise,
nutritious, palatable feed in sufficient'
Quantity, and shelter from storms.