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THE WORLD OVER
IMPORTANT HAPPENINGS OF THIS
AND OTHER NATIONS FOR
SEVEN DAYS GIVEN
THE NEVS CFTKE SOUTH
What It Taking Place In The South
land Will Be Found In
The Georgia Peanut Growers' Asso
ciation was formally organized at Al
Employment by business men of law
yers to represent them in matters be
fore the war industries board is un
necessary. Every citizen is on equal
footing before the board, and will be
treated as an American citizen.
The war industries board's new com
mittee on cotton distribution announc
es that the committee will exercise
its supervision through existing agen
cies by controlling the quantity and
quality of cotton used by domestic and
The United Confederate Veterans
unanimously elected Gen. K. M. Van j
Zandt of Fort Worth. Texas, comman- j
der-in-chief, chose the commanders of
the three divisions of the organization !
and adjourned their twenty-eighth an-j
nual reunion, leafing the location of
their next reunion to be determined' by j
a committee head by General Van
Zandt and the division commanders.
Mrs. A. McDermotte Wilson of At- j
lanta was elected president of the Con-j
federate Memorial Association.
A resolution recommending that the
Sons of Veterans be admitted as mem
bers of the United Confederate Veter-
ans was defeated, at Tulsa, Okla., the
veterans voting vociferously not to
make veterans out of any one who had
not fought in the war.
A six-pound shell fired across Long ,
Island sound from Fort Totten over
the bows of a steamer bound east
struck a residence on City Islnnd and
demolished part of its foundation wall.
No one was injured, but the 300 in
habitants of the island rushed out of
jtheir homes in a panic. A police in
quiry at Fort Totten b-ought an ex
pression of regret for the occurrence,
with the explanation that imperative
orders had been received to stop- the
The Chilean government has order-
v v me uaiai uuuivi 1 1 1 ivj jm xjj
with armed forces a! I the interned Ger
man 'ships in Chilean harbors. Crews
of Jjerman ships self-interned in Chil
ean waters recently attempted to dam
age or sink the vessels.
The price of peace will be impartial
justice to all nations, the instrumen
tality indispensable to secure it is a
league of nations formed not before or
after, but at, the peace conference ;
and Germany, as a member, "will have
to redeem her character not by what
happens at the peace table, but by
what, follows." This was President
Wilson's answer to the recent peace
talk from the central powers, although
he did not refer specifically to the ut
terances of enemy leaders.
The number of prisoners thus far
captured by the Americans in their of
fensive is now placed at eight thou
sands, of whom 125 are officers.
Gabriel d'Annunzio, the Italian author-aviator,
landed in France from
an airplane in which he had flown from
Italy across' the Alps. His flight was
. The British forces on the Macedoni
an front have captured the Bulgarian
city of Strumitza.
Germany intends to send a violent
protest to Bulgaria against Premier
Malinog's request for an armistice, and
will demand that he be courtmartial
ed for high treason.
The allied troops in Macedonia have
captured more than ten thousand pris
oners. More than two hundred guns
have been taken.
In all fifty-two thousand prisoners
have been taken- by the allied troops
in the Macedonian campaign.
Premier Malinog of Bulgaria has
made an offer of an armistice to the
allies, according to a Berlin message
transmitted by the Exchange Tele
graph correspondent at Copenhagen.
The messages states that the pre
mier's -offer as made without the sup
port of other members of the cabi
net or of the king.
Disaster has ove'rtaken the armies
of the Teutonic allies on all fields.
In Palestine the Turks are all but
absolutely crushed; in Macedonia the
entente forces are harrying their foes
and threatening them with similar
disaster; in France the British and
French .troops slowly but surely are
eating their way into the vitals of the
German defensive positions.
The American people will be asked
to subscribe in the three weeks be
aming Saturday, September 28, the
greatest loan in all history. The
treasury department announces that
the amount of this, the fourth Liberty
Loan, will be six billion dollars. The
bonds will bear four and a quarter
per cent interest, and will mature in
twenty years, with the government re
serving the right to pay them in fif
teen years, if it so elects.
To add to the demoralization of the
Turkish morale, allied aviators are
canTing out successful bombing raids
Out of the chaos wich has exist
ed in Russia since the overthrow of
the Kerens- y government by the Bol
sheviki, there is emerging a central au
thority which official and diplomats
in Washington hope will be able to re
establish order and renew the fight
against the central powers.
Official information has reached the
Russian embassy in Washington that
the pan-Russian conference at Oufa,
European Russia, which has been rec
ognized by all the provisional govern
ments opposing the Bolshevik!, includ
ing the Siberian government, has con
stituted a committee of five as the
lawful authority for all Russia. This
committee will be responsible to the
constituent assembly of all Russia,
which will convene, next January 1,
provided 1'50 members attend.
Count von Ilertling, German imperial
chancellor, complains of the lack of at
tention his acquiescence in the four
points laid down by President Wilson
essentials had met from the American
executive. The chancellor says he fa
vors the formation of a league of na
tions, the promotion of universal, suc
cessive disarmament in equal propor
tion .the establishment of obligatory
courts of arbitration, the freedom of
the seas and the protection of the
Ge?. Franchet d'Espercy, command
ing the allied armies in Macedonia,
has telegraphed to the French gov
ernment that a high Bulgarian offi
cer has presented himself in behalf
of the commander of the Bulgarian
army, asking the suspension of arms
for forty-eight hours to permit the ar
rival of two authorized delegates from
the Bulgarian government.
With the welding of the armies of
the entente into a compact whole un
der command of the inter-allied war
council apparently has come the first
break in the united front of the cen
tral powers. Bulgaria, smaller of the
Teutonic allies, seems to have struck
If Bulgaria lays down her arms, Tur
key, her armies shattered by the coup
of General Allenby in Palestine, will
be cut off from her allies. Military
observers believe the Ottoman em
pire, therefore, will have no other
course left but to follow in the wake
Liberated territory in Palestine will
be administered under the agreement
reached between the British. French
and Russian governments in 1916. Eng
land and Fiance will carry out the
Discussing the general situation of
the allies. Field Marshal Foch says:
"The enemy is shaken up and shaken
down, but is still holding out. You
must not think that we snail get to
the Rhine immediately. We have pass
ed over the crest and are now going
down hill. If we gather impetus as we
go, like a rolling ball, so mUch the
Field Marshal Foch says: "The
British army is better than ever. It
fights better than ever. The Americans
are splendid and are wonderfully gal
lant in the field. The French is the
same old army that it was in 1914. No
more is to be said."
More than forty-five thousand pris
oners and 265 guns have been taken
by the British in their successful of
fensive in Palestine. This is the of
The British army operating east of
the Jordan in Palestine are in a favor
able position to cut off the retreating
Turks north along the Hedjas railway.
England's army now numbers eight
million five hundred thousand men, and
her n;jvy has in excess of eight mil
lion tons. From a standing army of
300,000 the land forces jumped to 5,
000,000 through the volunteer system.
Although the British shipping losses
were lower, there was a slight increase
in the total allied and neutral shipping
losses due to enemy action and ma
rine risk in August over July.
Philip Scheidemann, majority So
cialist leader in the German reichstag,
says; "We are suffering now because
we undervalued our enemies. I re
gard the Brest-Litovsk treaty as an
obstacle to peace. This k.ing-making
business in the east must terminate.
So far as Belgium is concerned we
ought to have spoken sooner, and dif
ferently. The submarine warfare has
lined America against us."
There is evidently a change in front
of the Centrist party in Germany. Herr
Groeher sharply criticised the govern
ment in the reichstag and cited an or
der by the war office August 11 which
prohibited public speeches regarding
the reichstag peace resolution.
In Macedonia, the situation of the
Bulgarians and Germans daily grows
more critical as the allied forces
steadily maintaifi their pressure
In Turkey the latest operations of
the British and Arab tribesmen friend
ly to the allied cause seemingly fore
cast the complete destruction or cap
ture of the Ottoman troops in Pales
tine on both sides of the River Jordan.
Haiti and Acre have been taken by
the allied troops.
Jn both Macedonia and Palestine the
entente allied forces are giving the al
ready badly beaten Bulgarians, Ger
mans and Turks no rest.
The British and Greeks have . ad
vanced on both, sides of the Vardar
to a depth averaging about ten miles
over, a front of twenty miles.
In an address to Austrian officers
at Briey, near Metz, Emperor Wil
liam recalled to them that they had
before them, on this front the Ameri
cans, who had promised France to
give her Alsace-Lorraine and who
wished, he said to add big iCced to
POLK COUNTY NEWS, TRYON, N. 0.
THE PRESIDENT OF
THE UNITED STATES
Every day the great principles for
which we are fighting tuke fresh hold
up'in our thought and purpose and
nwike it clearer what the end must be
and what we must do to achieve it.
We now know more certainly than
we ever knew before why free men
brought i ho great nation and govern
ment we love into existence,' because
it grows" clearer and clearer what su
prenie service It is to be America's
privilege to render to the world. The
anniversary of the discovery of Amer
ica must" therefore have for us in this
fateful year a peculiar and thrillin
significance. We should make It a day
of anient rededicatlon to the ideals
upon which. our government is founded
ami by which our present heroic tasks
Now, therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson,
President of the United States of
America. 'do appoint Saturday, the 1-th
day of October, 1JUS, as Liberty tla.v,v
On that day I request the eitlzenstof
every community of the United States,
city, town and countryside, to cele
brate the discovery of our country in
order to stimulate a generous response
to the Fourth Liberty Loan. Commem
orative addresses, pageants, harvest
home festivals, or other demonstra
tions should be arranged for In every
neighborhood under the general direc
tion of the secretary of the treasury
and the immediate direction of the
Liberty Loan commHtee, In co-operation
with the United States bureau of
education n:id the public school au
thorities. Lor the people's response to
the Fourth Liberty Loan express the
measure of their devotion to the ideals
which have guided the country from
Its discovery until now, and of their
determined purpose to defend them
and guarantee their triumph.
For the purpose of participating in
Liberty day celebrations afl employees
of the federal government throughout
the country whose services can be
spared may be excused on Saturday,
the lL'th. day of October, for the entire
In witness whereof, I have hereunto
set my hand and caused the senL of
the United States to be affixed.
Hone in the District of Columbia
this 10th day -of September in the year
of our Lord One Thousand Nine Hun
dred and Kighteen. and of the Inde
pendence of the United States of
America the One Hundred and Fortv
third. WOODROW WILSON.
By the President :
Secretary of State.
HOW GERMANS ARE DELUDED
Ridiculous Statements Made by Kai
ser's Government Prove How Real
Is Fear of America.
A poster recently issued by the im
perial German government In an effort
to belittle the participation of America
in tie w.ir sind thus strengthen the
morale of her people form the text of
one of the most striking pieces of litera
ture that the bureau of publicity of
ti e war loiin organization has prepared
for use in the forthcoming Fourth Lib
The title of the poster is "Cam
America's Kntry Make a decision of the
War?" Integral sections of it attempt
to convince the reader that America's
army cannot take the place of Ilu-.
sia's withdrawn forces; that the Unit
ed States cannot build enough ships
to have any effect on the result of the
war, and that the U-boats will destroy
virtually all the ships that America
can build when those ships at
tempt to cross the ocean. A French
poster also is reproduced in the Ger
man poster and the meaning so twisted
as to make it appear that France Is
very badly in need of food.
Two millions of the booklets have
been printed and will be distributed
in various parts of the country, par
ticularly in theaters where Liberty
Loan speakers take the book as their
The enormous figure of a Russian
soldier is the first object on the poster
to strike the eye. lie stands with
hands in ids overcoat pockets, indica
tive of the fact that he Is through
fighting. Beside him stands Uncle Sam
holding a small figure, designed to
represent the United States army, in
his right hand. In his left hand Uncle
Sam carries a banner which bears the
inscription, "America threatens to
send transport of one-half million men.
But it cannot ship them!" Below
Uncle Sam are these words: "It is
impossible for America to train and
fit out in time for the European war a
suitable and sufficiently large army
and provide it with the necessary re
enforcements." The catchline of this
section of the poster is "Russia's army
of millions could not down Germany,"
and on the skirt of the Russian sol
dier's overcoat are printed these
words : "Russia used up altogether
fifteen million men in vain!"
HOW LOAN IS APPORTIONED
Minimum Amount of Money Which
Each Federal Reserve District
Is Asked to Raise.
Six billion dollars Is the minimum
amount which, the people of the United
States are asked to subscribe for the
Fourth Liberty loan, according to an an
nouncement by William G. McAdoo,
secretary of the treasurj.
Following are the quotas a nd Dr-
ceutages of the total by federal re J
On the opposite side of the poster Is
this catchline : England s sea power
and England's -merchant marine have
not decided the war!" Below this
line appears a huge figure intended to
represent the English shipping facili
ties at the outbreak of the.-war, which
bears these words: "England went
into the war with twenty million gross
registered tons of freight space."
Alongside this figure of a ship Is a
drawing designed to show Uncle Sam
carrying the United fctateslonnage un
dr his left arm.; The caption above
Uncle Sam reads : "Can America re
place England on sea?" On the ship
which Uncle Sam carries is printed
this inscription: "Three million gross
registry tons," a ni below that is an
other inscription which says: "At the
beginning of the war America had on
ly a tonnage of three million gross reg
istered tons." Commenting on these
statements, the poster further declares
"America cannot increase her gross
registered tons for 1018 by more than
two to two and a half million tons.
Our U-boats sink twice as quickly as
England avid America can build!"
The answer of the publicity bureau
to. the two sections of the poster refer
ring to the transportation of men and
the building of ships follows: "At the
moment the bulletin boards of Ger
many scoffed the possibility of Amer
ica sending a force to France, there
were already more than a million fight
ing men overseas, and transports,
walled about by the American navy de
fying the cowardly submarines, were
bearing every month hundreds of
thousands more. The gauge is set and
the summer of 1919 will see 4,000,000
fighting American men in France. Nor
will there be a lack of ships to trans
port and sustain them. The Liberty
Bond buyer Is fast giving to America
a merchant marine that will be the
peer of any in the world. America
launched In July alone 635,011 tons.
Losses to allied and neutral shipping
combined, from every cause, for the
last six months, amounted to l!,089,,'59;l
"The distance from New York to
England, the Boche points out," com
ments the bureau of publicity publi
cation, "is two hundred times greater
than that from England to France,
froiri which he spells 'Opportunity for
the German U-boats.' Pitiful is this
boast in face of the facts. Instead of
the U-boat being an unconquerable
engine of war, as the Hun confidently
expected, it has become the slinking
foe of fishing smacks and other , iso
lated craft. The vast army of Liberty
Hond buyers, thirty millions strong.
has built an unbroken bridge over the
Atlantic ocean into the heart of the
enemy s. strongholds. Across tins
bridge there are streaming our mil
lions of fighting men. as good as the
world has ever known, munitions and
equipment that have been wrought by
those back home, whose determination
s that the American fighting man shall
lack nothing that he needs."
As a back-handed slap at the French,
the German propagandists have repro
duced" a French poster which pleads
with French people to eat less in or
der that the United States may send
over more man power. The French
poster pointed out that If every per
son In France .would save a hundred
grams of food a day that the American
reinforcements could be Increased a
division a month. The French catch
line on this poster was "Does France
want tvheat or men?" and the derma n
poster remarks "Also the allies are
now beginning to have their doubts!"
In a further effort to convince the
German people that it will be Impos
sible for fhe United States to trans
port troops to France, the German
section of the poster says that ten
tons of freight space are required for
every soldier In crossing the water.
The truth Is that a soldier require
less than one-half this amount of
Summing up all the falsehoods which
the German poster contains, the book-
'The War Lord of Ger
many may have the futile hope that
his people will devour in the place of
food, such statements as the forego
ing. Falsehoods, however, are poor
substitutes and are likely to aggra
vate rather than appease when the de
luded people of Germany learn that
every requirement oi' the American
soldier will be met by bis patriotic and
unqualified support back home. If a
single soldier required ten tons of
freight spnee, it would be given him
But the truth Is he requires less than
one-half of that.
"As for Germany's statement that
even if the United States built from
two and a half million gross regis
tered tons in 1918, it would not mean
deliverance for the allies, no further
comment is needed than that by July
of this year the 2,000,000-ton mark
has been passed. If further refu
tation of the Hun boast of his
U-b'.at prowess were needed, it might
be s'aled that less than 500 American
soldiers have lost their lives In tho
present war as a result of U-boat at
tacks." Clotfns the booklet is this striking
qvotalion from Secretary McAdoo
"The Fourth Liberty loan is the bar
rage whch will precede the victorious
thrust of our army."
TO FOCH'S FORCES
ARMISTICE IS CONCLUDED
WHICH VCZAR OF BALKANS"
IS PUT OUT OF WAR.
TURKEY IS NEXT IN ORDER
Rear Invasion of .Austria Made Easy
for Allies of Which Fact Advan
tage Willi Be Taken.
Bulgaria is definitely out of the
war, and Turkey virtually out off
from communication with her allies
and her armies in Palestine almost
annihilated, likely soon will be forced
to sue for a cessation of hostilities
Seeing eventual defeat staring her
in the face through the swift prog
ress of the Serbian, Italian, British,
Greek and French troops . in the re
claiming of Serbia land the invasion
of Bulgarian territory, the Bugalrs
begged for an armistice, reserving to
I themselves no conditions. All the ter
ritory now held by i King Ferdinand's
men is to be evacuated, the Bulgarian
army is to be immediately demobilized
and all means of transport inside the
kingdom, even along the Danube, is
to be giv-'en over into allied hands.
Thus, in addition ; to the isolation
of Turkey, the backj door to a direct
invasion of Austria-Hungary is flung
wide open to the allies and doubtless
the time is not far distant when ad
vantage to the full will be taken of
the new avenue through which the
enemy can be reached. With the de
bacle in Serbia and Bulgaria complete,
the Austro-Hungarians in Albania
soon will be put 'to the test, and when
their evacuation to their own borders
is accomplished, the allies will have
welded an iron semi-circle about the
central powers from the Black sea to
the North sea.
TERMS UPON WHICH BULGARIA
DEFINITELY LAYS DOWN ARMS
London. The armistice concluded
with Bulgaria by the entente allies is
a purely military convention and con
tains no provisions of a political char
acter. Bulgaria agrees to evacuate all the
territory she now occupies in Greece
! and Serbia, to demobilize her army
, immediately, and surrender all means
of transport to the allies.
Bulgaria also will surrender her
boats and control of navigation on
the Danube and concede to the allies
free passage through Bulgaria for the
development of military operations.
All Bulgarian arms and ammunition
are to be stored under the control of
the allies, to whom is conceded the
right to occupy all important strategic
The press learns that the military
occupation of Bulgaria will be en
trusted to British, French and Italian
forces and the evacuated portions of
Greece and Serbia respectively to
Greek and Serbian troops.
All questions of territorial rear
rangements In the Balkans was pur:
posely omitted from the convention.
The armistice will remain in opera
tion until a final general peace is con
cluded. CLIMAX OF BATTLE REACHED
TO SAVE IMPERILLED WORLD
New York There can be no mistak
ing the fact that Foch's battle has
reached its climax. Within a brief pe
riod, perhaps of hours, certainly days,
a German retirement out of Northern
France is assured. German resistance,
tremendous and sustained in certain
sectors, is breaking down completely
at others. j
Foch's tactics are now clearly re
vealed. The period of manuevers is
over. The moment in the battle has
arrived when a decision is to be
stought an from if.ie Yser to the
Meuse Foch is throwing in liis last re
serves. The pace cannot be long main
tained; the "event." to use the Na
poleonic term, is in sight.
NO LONGER ONE OFFENSIVE
BUT SIX, ALL CO-ORDINATED
London. It is no longer one offen
sive, but half a dozen, all co-ordinated.
In Belgium King Albert and General
Plumer are winning the battle of
Ypres; in French Flanders and Artois,
Home, Bing and Rawlinson are re
fighting victoriously the battle of
Cambrai; above the Aisne Mangin is
winning the battle Nivelle lost in
1917; in Champagne, Gouraud is" win
ning the contest only partially won by
Petain in 1915.
REPRISALS TO BE TAKEN IF
GERMANS MURDER PRISONERS
Washington. The American govern
ment, In reply to Germany's threat to
execute American prisoners of war
found In possession of shtoguns, gave
notice that if Germany carries out any
such threat suitable reprisal will be
Secretary Lansing's reply declares
that the use of shotguns is sanction
ed by The Hague convention, and can
not . be (the subject of legitimate or
M L AH CHi
CITY OF RocK,N
Appealed to t0
Rockingham.-' ff ,.0
. . QIC capable
achievement, then it a '
the clnso nf n, ,. , a
here that Charlotte ami v?
will be connpeto,! u.. niiminr
in the not
very dL. ,7 V.'111
Several hundred " , We-
10 counties along the line
lenburg to New
except Brunswick, met here if
ed a compact and permane
ization to be known a. the f
to-Wilmington Military HiKw ?T
ciation, and adopted omiZ
ing to the achievement of i.s ' ;'
The officer, , ,e
gamzation are: President t t Y'
dent. G. Herhprt Grr,;.u ...
, - UUJ,L". "limine-,-
second vice president v i , .
Hamlet a secretary-treasurer n
Wilkinson, Charlotte. The"execu ''
committee, of one member from
county represented, heads the boa'!
of directors of 10 members eiectei
Patriotism and good road eiutv;,.
asm bubbled over frequently. Sp
ers were so enthusiastically appiaj',.
ed and the applause took the form
a chorus of yells when speakers h
patriotic vein, mentioned the nam?
Wilson or Pershing or spoke of
going to Berlin,
resolutions adopted i
reported b ythe committee of
member from each county reprew,.
ed, read by Heriot Clarkson. of Char
"That this convention heartily n
dorse the military highway frcrn
Charlotte to Wilmington.
"That the senators and repress .;
tives in Congress from North Caro
lina be requested to at once introdu -a
bill to secure an act of Congre??
authorizing the secretary of the treas
ury to float a bond issue for the ob
struction of said military highway ;:i
such sum as they shall be advised a
necessary for the purpose and ur.i-r
such rules, regulations and res;r;
tions as may be deemed wise ar.d ex
pedient. Another Horrible Accident.
Greensboro. A horrible accident oc
curred here when the Ford road?;-2:
of J. N. Allen was struck by the p;
senger train from Raleigh at the W
Washington street crossing of ''y
Southern. In the machine were Mr
and Mrs. Allen, their little five year o :
son, Paul Allen, and a colored nu:-.
Virginia Graves. The colored
jumped when she saw that a eoYs.s
was inevitable, and escaped with a
broken leg. The little boy was in
stantly killed, his body being cut n
two and terribly mangled. Mr. a:.
Mrs. Allen both sustained severe
juries. It is thoughtVthat Mrs. A'.;-'!
will recover, but Mr.1 Allen had i
regained consciousness at the tin: -this
writing. Relatives of the un:
tunate young couple were wired im
mediately after the accident, and ;h -arrival
is awaited before arrar.:
ments are made for the fu.ieral of
To Aid In Loan Drive.
Washington. The bar of Beau.
county unanimously resolved that
calendar of fifty-five civil cases re; v
trial at the October term of th1 ;U""
rior court be continued by
and that the judge presiding. ?n'5 ,
M. Bond, be requested, after hsp"--of
the motion docket and urn-onto
business, to adjourn the term ,
devote his time from" this court ip "
Of the fourth Liberty Loan.
Charlotte's Loan Qucta.
Charlotte. Charlotte's quota jof
fourth Liberty loan has been P'-a' '
at $3,306,000, and the allotment
North Carolina is $39,900,000. a;
ing to a telegram received by 1 1
Victor, chairman of the Liberty
V'UUilllltVVV' A. W A -
burg county, from the federal re
bank at Richmond. Mr.
he was unable to conclude from
t-rt f thp tPlptrram whether 0.
the quota for Charlotte was
quota for tho county.
Mp of Radio Site.
Monroe. County Surveyor
Elliott has been engaged for the
week in making a' survey and
ing a map of the land near Ba
about four miles west of l0nI. , '
which the government is
erecting the largest radio v-- h
the world. Three men ('onne(v giv.
the . government have arrived
the. land a second inspection
went away favorably ixnpreea.
rd!o station in all probability
tocated on the !te at Bakers.