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Polk County news and the Tryon bee. (Tryon, Polk Co., N.C.) 1915-1920, October 04, 1918, Image 2

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IMPORTANT NEWS THE WORLD OVER IMPORTANT HAPPENINGS OF THIS AND OTHER NATIONS FOR SEVEN DAYS GIVEN THE NEVS CFTKE SOUTH What It Taking Place In The South land Will Be Found In Brief Paragraphs Domestic The Georgia Peanut Growers' Asso ciation was formally organized at Al bany, Ga. Employment by business men of law yers to represent them in matters be fore the war industries board is un necessary. Every citizen is on equal footing before the board, and will be treated as an American citizen. The war industries board's new com mittee on cotton distribution announc es that the committee will exercise its supervision through existing agen cies by controlling the quantity and quality of cotton used by domestic and foreign commerce. The United Confederate Veterans unanimously elected Gen. K. M. Van j Zandt of Fort Worth. Texas, comman- j der-in-chief, chose the commanders of the three divisions of the organization ! and adjourned their twenty-eighth an-j nual reunion, leafing the location of their next reunion to be determined' by j a committee head by General Van Zandt and the division commanders. Mrs. A. McDermotte Wilson of At- j lanta was elected president of the Con-j federate Memorial Association. A resolution recommending that the Sons of Veterans be admitted as mem bers of the United Confederate Veter- ans was defeated, at Tulsa, Okla., the veterans voting vociferously not to make veterans out of any one who had not fought in the war. A six-pound shell fired across Long , Island sound from Fort Totten over the bows of a steamer bound east struck a residence on City Islnnd and demolished part of its foundation wall. No one was injured, but the 300 in habitants of the island rushed out of jtheir homes in a panic. A police in quiry at Fort Totten b-ought an ex pression of regret for the occurrence, with the explanation that imperative orders had been received to stop- the steamer. Washington The Chilean government has order- v v me uaiai uuuivi 1 1 1 ivj jm xjj with armed forces a! I the interned Ger man 'ships in Chilean harbors. Crews of Jjerman ships self-interned in Chil ean waters recently attempted to dam age or sink the vessels. The price of peace will be impartial justice to all nations, the instrumen tality indispensable to secure it is a league of nations formed not before or after, but at, the peace conference ; and Germany, as a member, "will have to redeem her character not by what happens at the peace table, but by what, follows." This was President Wilson's answer to the recent peace talk from the central powers, although he did not refer specifically to the ut terances of enemy leaders. The number of prisoners thus far captured by the Americans in their of fensive is now placed at eight thou sands, of whom 125 are officers. Gabriel d'Annunzio, the Italian author-aviator, landed in France from an airplane in which he had flown from Italy across' the Alps. His flight was 290 miles. . The British forces on the Macedoni an front have captured the Bulgarian city of Strumitza. Germany intends to send a violent protest to Bulgaria against Premier Malinog's request for an armistice, and will demand that he be courtmartial ed for high treason. The allied troops in Macedonia have captured more than ten thousand pris oners. More than two hundred guns have been taken. In all fifty-two thousand prisoners have been taken- by the allied troops in the Macedonian campaign. Premier Malinog of Bulgaria has made an offer of an armistice to the allies, according to a Berlin message transmitted by the Exchange Tele graph correspondent at Copenhagen. The messages states that the pre mier's -offer as made without the sup port of other members of the cabi net or of the king. Disaster has ove'rtaken the armies of the Teutonic allies on all fields. In Palestine the Turks are all but absolutely crushed; in Macedonia the entente forces are harrying their foes and threatening them with similar disaster; in France the British and French .troops slowly but surely are eating their way into the vitals of the German defensive positions. The American people will be asked to subscribe in the three weeks be aming Saturday, September 28, the greatest loan in all history. The treasury department announces that the amount of this, the fourth Liberty Loan, will be six billion dollars. The bonds will bear four and a quarter per cent interest, and will mature in twenty years, with the government re serving the right to pay them in fif teen years, if it so elects. To add to the demoralization of the Turkish morale, allied aviators are canTing out successful bombing raids against Constantinople. Out of the chaos wich has exist ed in Russia since the overthrow of the Kerens- y government by the Bol sheviki, there is emerging a central au thority which official and diplomats in Washington hope will be able to re establish order and renew the fight against the central powers. Official information has reached the Russian embassy in Washington that the pan-Russian conference at Oufa, European Russia, which has been rec ognized by all the provisional govern ments opposing the Bolshevik!, includ ing the Siberian government, has con stituted a committee of five as the lawful authority for all Russia. This committee will be responsible to the constituent assembly of all Russia, which will convene, next January 1, provided 1'50 members attend. Count von Ilertling, German imperial chancellor, complains of the lack of at tention his acquiescence in the four points laid down by President Wilson essentials had met from the American executive. The chancellor says he fa vors the formation of a league of na tions, the promotion of universal, suc cessive disarmament in equal propor tion .the establishment of obligatory courts of arbitration, the freedom of the seas and the protection of the small nations. European Ge?. Franchet d'Espercy, command ing the allied armies in Macedonia, has telegraphed to the French gov ernment that a high Bulgarian offi cer has presented himself in behalf of the commander of the Bulgarian army, asking the suspension of arms for forty-eight hours to permit the ar rival of two authorized delegates from the Bulgarian government. With the welding of the armies of the entente into a compact whole un der command of the inter-allied war council apparently has come the first break in the united front of the cen tral powers. Bulgaria, smaller of the Teutonic allies, seems to have struck her colors. If Bulgaria lays down her arms, Tur key, her armies shattered by the coup of General Allenby in Palestine, will be cut off from her allies. Military observers believe the Ottoman em pire, therefore, will have no other course left but to follow in the wake of Bulgaria. Liberated territory in Palestine will be administered under the agreement reached between the British. French and Russian governments in 1916. Eng land and Fiance will carry out the scheme. Discussing the general situation of the allies. Field Marshal Foch says: "The enemy is shaken up and shaken down, but is still holding out. You must not think that we snail get to the Rhine immediately. We have pass ed over the crest and are now going down hill. If we gather impetus as we go, like a rolling ball, so mUch the better." Field Marshal Foch says: "The British army is better than ever. It fights better than ever. The Americans are splendid and are wonderfully gal lant in the field. The French is the same old army that it was in 1914. No more is to be said." More than forty-five thousand pris oners and 265 guns have been taken by the British in their successful of fensive in Palestine. This is the of ficial announcement. The British army operating east of the Jordan in Palestine are in a favor able position to cut off the retreating Turks north along the Hedjas railway. England's army now numbers eight million five hundred thousand men, and her n;jvy has in excess of eight mil lion tons. From a standing army of 300,000 the land forces jumped to 5, 000,000 through the volunteer system. Although the British shipping losses were lower, there was a slight increase in the total allied and neutral shipping losses due to enemy action and ma rine risk in August over July. Philip Scheidemann, majority So cialist leader in the German reichstag, says; "We are suffering now because we undervalued our enemies. I re gard the Brest-Litovsk treaty as an obstacle to peace. This business in the east must terminate. So far as Belgium is concerned we ought to have spoken sooner, and dif ferently. The submarine warfare has lined America against us." There is evidently a change in front of the Centrist party in Germany. Herr Groeher sharply criticised the govern ment in the reichstag and cited an or der by the war office August 11 which prohibited public speeches regarding the reichstag peace resolution. In Macedonia, the situation of the Bulgarians and Germans daily grows more critical as the allied forces steadily maintaifi their pressure against them. In Turkey the latest operations of the British and Arab tribesmen friend ly to the allied cause seemingly fore cast the complete destruction or cap ture of the Ottoman troops in Pales tine on both sides of the River Jordan. Haiti and Acre have been taken by the allied troops. Jn both Macedonia and Palestine the entente allied forces are giving the al ready badly beaten Bulgarians, Ger mans and Turks no rest. The British and Greeks have . ad vanced on both, sides of the Vardar to a depth averaging about ten miles over, a front of twenty miles. In an address to Austrian officers at Briey, near Metz, Emperor Wil liam recalled to them that they had before them, on this front the Ameri cans, who had promised France to give her Alsace-Lorraine and who wished, he said to add big iCced to their words. POLK COUNTY NEWS, TRYON, N. 0. PROCLAMATION BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES Every day the great principles for which we are fighting tuke fresh hold up'in our thought and purpose and nwike it clearer what the end must be and what we must do to achieve it. We now know more certainly than we ever knew before why free men brought i ho great nation and govern ment we love into existence,' because it grows" clearer and clearer what su prenie service It is to be America's privilege to render to the world. The anniversary of the discovery of Amer ica must" therefore have for us in this fateful year a peculiar and thrillin significance. We should make It a day of anient rededicatlon to the ideals upon which. our government is founded ami by which our present heroic tasks are inspired. Now, therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States of America. 'do appoint Saturday, the 1-th day of October, 1JUS, as Liberty tla.v,v On that day I request the eitlzenstof every community of the United States, city, town and countryside, to cele brate the discovery of our country in order to stimulate a generous response to the Fourth Liberty Loan. Commem orative addresses, pageants, harvest home festivals, or other demonstra tions should be arranged for In every neighborhood under the general direc tion of the secretary of the treasury and the immediate direction of the Liberty Loan commHtee, In co-operation with the United States bureau of education n:id the public school au thorities. Lor the people's response to the Fourth Liberty Loan express the measure of their devotion to the ideals which have guided the country from Its discovery until now, and of their determined purpose to defend them and guarantee their triumph. For the purpose of participating in Liberty day celebrations afl employees of the federal government throughout the country whose services can be spared may be excused on Saturday, the lL'th. day of October, for the entire day. In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the senL of the United States to be affixed. Hone in the District of Columbia this 10th day -of September in the year of our Lord One Thousand Nine Hun dred and Kighteen. and of the Inde pendence of the United States of America the One Hundred and Fortv third. WOODROW WILSON. By the President : ROP.FRT LANSING. Secretary of State. HOW GERMANS ARE DELUDED Ridiculous Statements Made by Kai ser's Government Prove How Real Is Fear of America. A poster recently issued by the im perial German government In an effort to belittle the participation of America in tie sind thus strengthen the morale of her people form the text of one of the most striking pieces of litera ture that the bureau of publicity of ti e war loiin organization has prepared for use in the forthcoming Fourth Lib erty loan. The title of the poster is "Cam America's Kntry Make a decision of the War?" Integral sections of it attempt to convince the reader that America's army cannot take the place of Ilu-. sia's withdrawn forces; that the Unit ed States cannot build enough ships to have any effect on the result of the war, and that the U-boats will destroy virtually all the ships that America can build when those ships at tempt to cross the ocean. A French poster also is reproduced in the Ger man poster and the meaning so twisted as to make it appear that France Is very badly in need of food. Two millions of the booklets have been printed and will be distributed in various parts of the country, par ticularly in theaters where Liberty Loan speakers take the book as their text. The enormous figure of a Russian soldier is the first object on the poster to strike the eye. lie stands with hands in ids overcoat pockets, indica tive of the fact that he Is through fighting. Beside him stands Uncle Sam holding a small figure, designed to represent the United States army, in his right hand. In his left hand Uncle Sam carries a banner which bears the inscription, "America threatens to send transport of one-half million men. But it cannot ship them!" Below Uncle Sam are these words: "It is impossible for America to train and fit out in time for the European war a suitable and sufficiently large army and provide it with the necessary re enforcements." The catchline of this section of the poster is "Russia's army of millions could not down Germany," and on the skirt of the Russian sol dier's overcoat are printed these words : "Russia used up altogether fifteen million men in vain!" HOW LOAN IS APPORTIONED Minimum Amount of Money Which Each Federal Reserve District Is Asked to Raise. Six billion dollars Is the minimum amount which, the people of the United States are asked to subscribe for the Fourth Liberty loan, according to an an nouncement by William G. McAdoo, secretary of the treasurj. Following are the quotas a nd Dr- ceutages of the total by federal re J On the opposite side of the poster Is this catchline : England s sea power and England's -merchant marine have not decided the war!" Below this line appears a huge figure intended to represent the English shipping facili ties at the outbreak of the.-war, which bears these words: "England went into the war with twenty million gross registered tons of freight space." Alongside this figure of a ship Is a drawing designed to show Uncle Sam carrying the United fctateslonnage un dr his left arm.; The caption above Uncle Sam reads : "Can America re place England on sea?" On the ship which Uncle Sam carries is printed this inscription: "Three million gross registry tons," a ni below that is an other inscription which says: "At the beginning of the war America had on ly a tonnage of three million gross reg istered tons." Commenting on these statements, the poster further declares "America cannot increase her gross registered tons for 1018 by more than two to two and a half million tons. Our U-boats sink twice as quickly as England avid America can build!" The answer of the publicity bureau to. the two sections of the poster refer ring to the transportation of men and the building of ships follows: "At the moment the bulletin boards of Ger many scoffed the possibility of Amer ica sending a force to France, there were already more than a million fight ing men overseas, and transports, walled about by the American navy de fying the cowardly submarines, were bearing every month hundreds of thousands more. The gauge is set and the summer of 1919 will see 4,000,000 fighting American men in France. Nor will there be a lack of ships to trans port and sustain them. The Liberty Bond buyer Is fast giving to America a merchant marine that will be the peer of any in the world. America launched In July alone 635,011 tons. Losses to allied and neutral shipping combined, from every cause, for the last six months, amounted to l!,089,,'59;l tons. "The distance from New York to England, the Boche points out," com ments the bureau of publicity publi cation, "is two hundred times greater than that from England to France, froiri which he spells 'Opportunity for the German U-boats.' Pitiful is this boast in face of the facts. Instead of the U-boat being an unconquerable engine of war, as the Hun confidently expected, it has become the slinking foe of fishing smacks and other , iso lated craft. The vast army of Liberty Hond buyers, thirty millions strong. has built an unbroken bridge over the Atlantic ocean into the heart of the enemy s. strongholds. Across tins bridge there are streaming our mil lions of fighting men. as good as the world has ever known, munitions and equipment that have been wrought by those back home, whose determination s that the American fighting man shall lack nothing that he needs." As a back-handed slap at the French, the German propagandists have repro duced" a French poster which pleads with French people to eat less in or der that the United States may send over more man power. The French poster pointed out that If every per son In France .would save a hundred grams of food a day that the American reinforcements could be Increased a division a month. The French catch line on this poster was "Does France want tvheat or men?" and the derma n poster remarks "Also the allies are now beginning to have their doubts!" In a further effort to convince the German people that it will be Impos sible for fhe United States to trans port troops to France, the German section of the poster says that ten tons of freight space are required for every soldier In crossing the water. The truth Is that a soldier require less than one-half this amount of space. Summing up all the falsehoods which the German poster contains, the book- let says 'The War Lord of Ger many may have the futile hope that his people will devour in the place of food, such statements as the forego ing. Falsehoods, however, are poor substitutes and are likely to aggra vate rather than appease when the de luded people of Germany learn that every requirement oi' the American soldier will be met by bis patriotic and unqualified support back home. If a single soldier required ten tons of freight spnee, it would be given him But the truth Is he requires less than one-half of that. "As for Germany's statement that even if the United States built from two and a half million gross regis tered tons in 1918, it would not mean deliverance for the allies, no further comment is needed than that by July of this year the 2,000,000-ton mark has been passed. If further refu tation of the Hun boast of his U-b'.at prowess were needed, it might be s'aled that less than 500 American soldiers have lost their lives In tho present war as a result of U-boat at tacks." Clotfns the booklet is this striking qvotalion from Secretary McAdoo "The Fourth Liberty loan is the bar rage whch will precede the victorious thrust of our army." serve districts: District. Percentsae. Amount. $1,800,000,000 870,000,000 600,000,000 500,000.000 500,000,000 402,000,000 280.000,000 260,000,000 260,000,000 210,000,000 192,000,000 126,000,000 New York 30 142 10 8 1-C 81-3 6 7-10 4-2-3 41.3 41-3 zy2 3-1-5" 31.10 Chicago Cleveland Boston Philadelphia San Francisco Richmond St. Louis. Kansas City Minneapolis Atlanta Oaitab BULGARIA YIELDS TO FOCH'S FORCES ARMISTICE IS CONCLUDED i WHICH VCZAR OF BALKANS" IS PUT OUT OF WAR. TURKEY IS NEXT IN ORDER Rear Invasion of .Austria Made Easy for Allies of Which Fact Advan tage Willi Be Taken. Bulgaria is definitely out of the war, and Turkey virtually out off from communication with her allies and her armies in Palestine almost annihilated, likely soon will be forced to sue for a cessation of hostilities against her. Seeing eventual defeat staring her in the face through the swift prog ress of the Serbian, Italian, British, Greek and French troops . in the re claiming of Serbia land the invasion of Bulgarian territory, the Bugalrs begged for an armistice, reserving to I themselves no conditions. All the ter ritory now held by i King Ferdinand's men is to be evacuated, the Bulgarian army is to be immediately demobilized and all means of transport inside the kingdom, even along the Danube, is to be giv-'en over into allied hands. i Thus, in addition ; to the isolation of Turkey, the backj door to a direct invasion of Austria-Hungary is flung wide open to the allies and doubtless the time is not far distant when ad vantage to the full will be taken of the new avenue through which the enemy can be reached. With the de bacle in Serbia and Bulgaria complete, the Austro-Hungarians in Albania soon will be put 'to the test, and when their evacuation to their own borders is accomplished, the allies will have welded an iron semi-circle about the central powers from the Black sea to the North sea. TERMS UPON WHICH BULGARIA DEFINITELY LAYS DOWN ARMS London. The armistice concluded with Bulgaria by the entente allies is a purely military convention and con tains no provisions of a political char acter. Bulgaria agrees to evacuate all the territory she now occupies in Greece ! and Serbia, to demobilize her army , immediately, and surrender all means of transport to the allies. Bulgaria also will surrender her boats and control of navigation on the Danube and concede to the allies free passage through Bulgaria for the development of military operations. All Bulgarian arms and ammunition are to be stored under the control of the allies, to whom is conceded the right to occupy all important strategic points. The press learns that the military occupation of Bulgaria will be en trusted to British, French and Italian forces and the evacuated portions of Greece and Serbia respectively to Greek and Serbian troops. All questions of territorial rear rangements In the Balkans was pur: posely omitted from the convention. The armistice will remain in opera tion until a final general peace is con cluded. CLIMAX OF BATTLE REACHED TO SAVE IMPERILLED WORLD New York There can be no mistak ing the fact that Foch's battle has reached its climax. Within a brief pe riod, perhaps of hours, certainly days, a German retirement out of Northern France is assured. German resistance, tremendous and sustained in certain sectors, is breaking down completely at others. j Foch's tactics are now clearly re vealed. The period of manuevers is over. The moment in the battle has arrived when a decision is to be stought an from Yser to the Meuse Foch is throwing in liis last re serves. The pace cannot be long main tained; the "event." to use the Na poleonic term, is in sight. NO LONGER ONE OFFENSIVE BUT SIX, ALL CO-ORDINATED London. It is no longer one offen sive, but half a dozen, all co-ordinated. In Belgium King Albert and General Plumer are winning the battle of Ypres; in French Flanders and Artois, Home, Bing and Rawlinson are re fighting victoriously the battle of Cambrai; above the Aisne Mangin is winning the battle Nivelle lost in 1917; in Champagne, Gouraud is" win ning the contest only partially won by Petain in 1915. REPRISALS TO BE TAKEN IF GERMANS MURDER PRISONERS Washington. The American govern ment, In reply to Germany's threat to execute American prisoners of war found In possession of shtoguns, gave notice that if Germany carries out any such threat suitable reprisal will be taken. Secretary Lansing's reply declares that the use of shotguns is sanction ed by The Hague convention, and can not . be (the subject of legitimate or reasonable proteaL Sslsli M L AH CHi ----- iiiuiiiid BY AN ORGANIZATION rr.. AND COMPACT CITY OF RocK,N CHARLOTTE -TO- Highway CommiSsion Appealed to t0 Male c... f the of Route. Rockingham.-' ff ,.0 pact organization, termination j . . QIC capable achievement, then it a ' the clnso nf n, ,. , a er PParer Lue mghwav here that Charlotte ami v? will be connpeto,! u.. niiminr in the not very dL. ,7 V.'111 Several hundred " , We- ruaus advocates 10 counties along the line lenburg to New except Brunswick, met here if ed a compact and permane ization to be known a. the f to-Wilmington Military HiKw ?T ciation, and adopted omiZ ing to the achievement of i.s ' ;' The officer, , ,e gamzation are: President t t Y' Patrick, Charlotte' urst dent. G. Herhprt Grr,;.u ... V1ce p.e.. , - UUJ,L". "limine-,- second vice president v i , . Hamlet a secretary-treasurer n Wilkinson, Charlotte. The"execu '' committee, of one member from county represented, heads the boa'! of directors of 10 members eiectei tion. Xa Patriotism and good road eiutv;,. asm bubbled over frequently. Sp ers were so enthusiastically appiaj',. ed and the applause took the form a chorus of yells when speakers h patriotic vein, mentioned the nam? Wilson or Pershing or spoke of American army going to Berlin, resolutions adopted i The principal! reported b ythe committee of member from each county reprew,. ed, read by Heriot Clarkson. of Char lotte, follow: "That this convention heartily n dorse the military highway frcrn Charlotte to Wilmington. "That the senators and repress .; tives in Congress from North Caro lina be requested to at once introdu -a bill to secure an act of Congre?? authorizing the secretary of the treas ury to float a bond issue for the ob struction of said military highway ;:i such sum as they shall be advised a necessary for the purpose and ur.i-r such rules, regulations and res;r; tions as may be deemed wise ar.d ex pedient. Another Horrible Accident. Greensboro. A horrible accident oc curred here when the Ford road?;-2: of J. N. Allen was struck by the p; senger train from Raleigh at the W Washington street crossing of ''y Southern. In the machine were Mr and Mrs. Allen, their little five year o : son, Paul Allen, and a colored nu:-. Virginia Graves. The colored jumped when she saw that a eoYs.s was inevitable, and escaped with a broken leg. The little boy was in stantly killed, his body being cut n two and terribly mangled. Mr. a:. Mrs. Allen both sustained severe juries. It is thoughtVthat Mrs. A'.;-'! will recover, but Mr.1 Allen had i regained consciousness at the tin: -this writing. Relatives of the un: tunate young couple were wired im mediately after the accident, and ;h -arrival is awaited before arrar.: ments are made for the fu.ieral of little son. To Aid In Loan Drive. Washington. The bar of Beau. county unanimously resolved that calendar of fifty-five civil cases re; v trial at the October term of th1 ;U"" rior court be continued by and that the judge presiding. ?n'5 , M. Bond, be requested, after hsp"--of the motion docket and urn-onto business, to adjourn the term , devote his time from" this court ip " Of the fourth Liberty Loan. Charlotte's Loan Qucta. Charlotte. Charlotte's quota jof fourth Liberty loan has been P'-a' ' at $3,306,000, and the allotment North Carolina is $39,900,000. a; ing to a telegram received by 1 1 Victor, chairman of the Liberty V'UUilllltVVV' A. W A - burg county, from the federal re 3er bank at Richmond. Mr. he was unable to conclude from t-rt f thp tPlptrram whether 0. the quota for Charlotte was quota for tho county. aisu Mp of Radio Site. Monroe. County Surveyor R. Elliott has been engaged for the week in making a' survey and ing a map of the land near Ba about four miles west of l0nI. , ' which the government is n erecting the largest radio v-- h the world. Three men ('onne(v giv. the . government have arrived the. land a second inspection went away favorably ixnpreea. rd!o station in all probability tocated on the !te at Bakers. till

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