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THE WORLD OVER
IMPORTANT HAPPENINGS OF THIS
AND OTHER NATIONS FOR
SEVEN DAYS GIVEN
THE NEWS OF THE SOUTH
What Is Taking Place In The South
land Will Be Found In
Members of the senate finance com
mittee have notified the country mat
there will be immediate downward re
vision of the war revenue bill to about
ihe six billion dollar total recommend
ed by Secretary McAdoo.
The present cotton fabric prices will
remain in effect until January 1, 1919,
and after that date no further action
with regard to cotton fabrics is likely
to be taken.
Public press censorship has been
Upon the arrival of the Canadian
Pacific liner Melita at New York City,
it was learned that the United States
destroyer was rammed and sunk.
The department of agriculture is
interesting itself in Southern moun
tain farmers, and intends to help them
improve their standards of living.
The department of agriculture says
there are Southern farmers who sell
no mores than $100 worth annually of
poultry, butter and eggs, and it is hop
ed by the department to educate these
farmers in marketing these valuable
What is considered to be the best
world's record for consecutive loops
in an airplane was made at Love Field,
Dallas, Texas, by Lieut. W. T. Camp
bell, who made 151 loops.
The United States is facing a pe
riod of possibly the greatest prosper
ity in its history. It is the general
opinion that the first few weeks after
peace will be the hardest. Industry
will naturally readjust itself to the
new conditions. There will be plenty
of work for everybody who wants it.
Russell Sage's widow left the bulk of
her money to her brother and other
relatives. The estate is valued at $50,
100,000. It is estimated that the total casu
alties of the American expeditionary
forces in the war will not exceed one
hundred thousand, including the killed
in action, wounded,, died of wounds,
disease and accidents, and the missing
who never wili be accounted for.
The Rainbow and New England di
visions are believed likely to be back
in the states by Christmas. With the
exception of the first regular division
they were the first troops to land in
According to Secretary Baker's in
terpretation of the present military
status, all enlistments will close with
the end of the war emergency, unless
congress acts before that time.
Serious attention is being given to
the matter of a standing army after
War department officials believe uni
versal military training should be in
stituted, but they are doubtful about
the tone of public opinion.
Those who are expected to atU-nd
the peace conference, which will be
held in Versailles at a very early
date, are President Wilson, Secretary
of State Lansing, Elihu Root, and Mr.
Developments in Europe, not only in
the military way, but in the field of
international polities, and f the tenden
cy of the revolutionary spirit mani
fested in every German state, which,
seemingly is spreading to every other
state in Europe, is causing a hurry
up in the peace drive.
One reason suggested for the early
settlement of the war is the necessity
of restoring the channels of trade and
industtry in the late enemy states, so
as to afford employment to labor and
thereby relieve the threat of Bolshe
vism and anarchy.
It is recognized in all allied coun
tries that relief work can best be car
ried on in the central European coun
tries after formal peace has been ne
gotiated. There is some apprehension that de
l.iy in the consummation of peace will
have an injurious effect upon indus
tries in America and the allied coun
tries. "The German government and the
German people have gratefully taken
cognizance of the fact that the presi
dent of the United States is ready to
consider favorably the sending of food
?o Germany." Thus runs a note to
Secretary Iansing from the new Ger
man de facto government.
Reports from Germany say that the
universal form of salutation is "Com
rade," and nobody speaks of the new
government as the people's govern
rnent, but the "Socialist government."
Demobilization of men in the mill
itary and naval service of the United
States after their return from France
will be carried out largely on a basis
of the ability of trades and occupations
to absorb them. -
-A dispatch from Budapest, by way
of, Frankfort, says that Roumania has
rclared war on Germany.
Reports have been received at the
American consulate at Bagdad that
15,000 Armenians nave been massa
cred at Tasu Hasu.
It is positively announced that the
American marine will be manned by
11 American crews
"The armistice' obliges a rapid re
turn to the fatherlana. You will find
a heavy task before, you", but' in bat
tle you have never abandoned your
field- marshal who has confidence in
you." This is the message of von Hin
denburg to the troops in the field.
-American naval forces provided es
cort for 900,000 troops, which is about
half of the men sent over by the Unit
American ships escorted 27 oflied
neutral shipping, including merchant
men, supply ships, munitions ships and
troop ships. , , W-p
A mine barrage, 360 raileseiong, Jhej
Ion rest in the world, and consided
impossible- to perform, has been com
pleted by the 'ArtieriQan navy from Nor
way to Scotland, completely enclps
ing'the ' North sea: '. '
The wwrferi 'of Germany" 'ask Miss
Jane Addams' arid Mrs? qod'rbV Wil
son to intercede for ; modified -a'rniis
tice termsln order to. avoid unspeajc-.
able disaster" to German women and
children. - - ' ' "? '
A dispatch from London says that
Lieutenant von Bohlen und Halbach,
husband of Bertha Krupp, and wife
had been arrested by revolutionists in
control of Esfcen.
Extremists in Holland, demand the
abdication of Queen 'Wilhelmfna. Jonk
heer Kolyn, former Dutch minister;
has been recalled from England' to ,
Holland, ostensibly to form a new cab'
inct. , v'
The Dutch government says the mi
nority is threatening to seize poyter?
but declares its determination to nxain
tain authority and order.. s ' r ;
M..re than one hundred men, mostly
ermans, have been killed in riots in
The allies are ready to lend their
whole resources for restoration of the
economic bases of civilized life in
those countries desiring order and civ
ilization. But this will be delayed
just as long as the peoples of the cen
tral European states are disorderly. .
Three French deputies want the1. im
perial family extradited from Holland
and put on trial for instigating the
"The commanders of the German
armies continue to propose to the com
manders of the allied armies facing
them that they should immediately
hand over their war material and pris
oners to the allies." This is the sig
nificant message to the German high
command sent out by the French gov
ernment wireless station. The German
soldiers in various sections of the oc
cupied territory have vapiKirently! been
getting out of hand. In some places
they have attacked their commanders
and raised the red flag of revolution.
German's troops have begun, to evac
uate France and Belgium. The allied
troops are moving forward, the Amer
icans advancing in the direction of
Metz and Strassburg.
It is probable that the departments
in the re-won territory will assume
their old names, namely Bas Rhin,
prefecture of Strassburg; Haut Rhin.
prefecture of Colman, and in Moselle,
prefecture ef Metz.
Tlie Freiich government is already
considering the establishment of pro
visional adnfinistrative government for
the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine.
The allied fleet arrived off Constan
tinople, and have passed through the
Dardanelles, the British admiralty an
nounces. British and Indian troops
occupying the forts parade as the ves
Nine British airplanes landed at Gal-
atta, a suburb of Constantinople, two
days after the signing of the Turk
ish armistice. The first allied officer
to reach European Turkish soil was
Flightt Commander Henry Wiser, a
Canadian, and a graduate of Yale in
No military occupation of Constants
nople is probable unless disorder de
mands that such course be taken.
A Zurich dispatch declares that a
republic was proclaimed at Berlin on
Saturday, November 9.
Germany's new provisional govern
ment will be all red, says a dispatch
from Copenhagen that is to say, the
bourgeois parties will not be repre
sented in it. This (Will not be because
of their unwillingness to participate,
but because the Socialists after a con
ference with the representatives of the
former majority party in the reich
stag, refused to permit the bourgeois
to enter the new government. The
plan is to give the independent Social
ists the vice chancellorship and two
other secretarial posts. There are in
dications that the independents will
demand more. but their demands have
not taken definite form.
Germany loses her entire flee of
submarines under the armistice terms
as amended by Marshal Foch. One
hundred ajd' fifty thousand railway
cars will be taken from Germany, un
der the. changed terms.
About, the happiest man in Europe
is David Lloyd Gecrge. Before the
war the nobility called him an an
archist, a Socialist and a little .bit of
everything. Now he is the savior
and deliverer of his country. "The
sun do move."
German evacuation west of the
Rhine will be altogether under the. su
pervision and administration of the
allies and their associates.
William Hohenzollern, the abdicat
ed German emperor and king of Prus
sia, and his eldest son, Frederick Wil
liam, who hoped some day to rule the
German people, are reported to have
fled to. Holland.
The world war ended Monday morn
ing, November, 11, at six o'clock,
Washington ime, eleven o'clock Paris
time. The armistice -was signed- by
the German representatives at imid
nifht. . 1 '
l--IMitgen, one of the. cities on the lett oanK-or uie iuuiie " " "
thA .,nUtIei- ' "VieW Of the harbor of Helgoland, the fortified island which the mutinous sailors of the Ger,
iman' fleeteiied". 3-John D. Itoekefeller, Jr., opening the United War Workjnp .
NEWS REVIEW OF
Central Europe in a Turmoil of
involution, With the Social
ists on Top.
Germany's Plea for Fpod Will Be
Granted by Allies Mutiny of Fleet
May Hamper Armistice Pre
dictions as to the Peace
By EDWARD W. PICKARD.
Fulling thrones- arid lWing kins and
princes; a maelstrom of social revolu
tion and military mutiny : Soviets of the
workers and soldiers in control, and
former autocrats in hiding.
That In brief is the condition in cen
tral Europe, following the cessation of
hostilities. How it will all end not
the wisest statesmen can conjecture.
Quick "work by level-headed leaders
may direct aright the great movement
and bring out of the chaos orderly and
firmly grounded governments of and
for the people. At present It seems
that 'a favorite jest has become a sober
fact and that the big task now Is to
make democracy safe for the world
In Germany the Socialists are estab
lishing themselves under the leadership
of their chancellor, Friedrlch Ebert, a
brainy and highly esteemed man. The
Keveral factions of the party appear
to be working in some harmony, and
the bolshevikl. though yet in the de
cided minority, have been given recog
nition which is encouraging them to
demand more. In Berlin, where the
German republic was proclaimed, ihere
has been Intermittent fighting between
the revolutionists and some officers and
troops that remained loyal to the" old
order, and in some other cities there
were conflicts; but on the whole the
chance has been accomplished with re
markably little violence. The leaders
occupy the reichslag building in Berlin
and are striving to put the affairs of
life tin a normal basis.
In the allied countries there was a
shrewd suspicion that the revolution
was being fostered and directed under
cover by the leaders of the old govern
ment in the hope that through It they
might be sparfd some of the rigors of
the peace settlement. Such. too. was
the explanation of the establishment
of a republic in Bavaria, and in Schles-wlg-Holsteln,
which states now say
they will become parts of the new Ger
The man in the street, and most of
the newspapers, in America, England
and France, did not at first look kindly
on Doctor Solf's appeal to President.
Wilson that the allies take steps to
save the people of Germany from star
vation. It savored of impudence, com
ing from a representative of the peo
ple who starved Belgium. Serbia. Po
land and Uoumania without a qualm of
conscience. But the allied govern
ments have looked at the matter in a
different light, and, probab.y wisely,
have determined to supply to the Ger
mans such food as can be spared, not
only for humanity's sake but on the
theory that order can be more quickly
and easily restored among a well-fed
people. If the excesses of the starving
Ilusians were repeated in Germany it
might be difficult" to carry out the
terms of the armistice. The feeding of
hungry Germany, becomes a common
sense business proposition. Herbert C.
Hoover already has 'sailed for Europe
to direct ihe distribution of food.
The Socialists in control, though
walling at the "terrible harshness" of
the armistice terms, declare they will
do all they can to obey them. On land
this will not be so hard, but the naval
situation has been complicated by the
seizure of most of the German fleet and
of the fortified Island of Helgoland by
revolting sailors. These men saw. in
the surrender and dismantling of the
war vessels, the end of their livelihood.
o tbey took possess! -in of the ships
and sailed from some of the ports.
Their future plan of notion, if they
bgv.o any, is misty. When the allies
wmmmmm iiiiiiiiumi f i.ninuii in mini1 ill ""'Ill i Aff
'Y-.trtWrW Vwww" w w --.
are given possession of Hie land bat
teries the warships can be driven to
sea, and there they can be dealt with
by the allied fleet.
The abdication of the kaiser, the em
peror of Austria and the rulers of mi
nor states in centml Europe, while
doubtless of absorbing interest to them
selves, cannot be considered of great
moment amid all the tremendous
events that are taking place. These
nionarchs were but symbols of the or
der that is passing, and even the kaiser
already had lost most of his power,
lie, as William Hohenzollern, is now
interned at the residence of his friend.
Count lleutinck, in Holland. Abdica
tion was forced on him, but In fleeing
from his country he showed the yellow
streak. Compare his course with the
really dignified exit of that other seek
er after world domination, Napoleoil.
The Dutch government pretended to
be surprised and disconcerted by the
arrival of William, but in reality it.
knew he was coining and arranged
for the ev4?nt. There is a report that
the former kaiser will eventually take
up his residence in his palace on the
Island of Corfu. This presupposes
that the allies will not take possession
I of his person and put him on trial for
his monstrous crimes airainst civiliza-
tipn. The Germans themselves might
decide to do this, for there is an in
sistent demand among them that such
war leaders as Admiral von Tirpitz,
Major General Keim. Admiral von
Holtzendorff and Dr. Wolfgang Knnpp
be arrested and tried. Hindenburg
and others of the army commanders
have sought to evade such fate by sub
mitting to the rule of the soldiers'
The former empress of Germany is
said to be ill in Potsdam, and there
are all kinds of rumors about the ex
crown prince. Probably few care
whether or not he has been killed.
Charles of Austria by abandoning
his throne dodges the great task of
straightening out the affairs of the
countries that comprised his realm.
This will devolve on the peace confer
ence, and doubtless will not bo settled
without many disputes over conflicting
claims and aspirations As was fore
seen, the German part of Austria has
elected to become a part of the new
There was great rejoicing along Ihe
entire front in France and Belgium
when the news spread of the signing
of the armistice. Allies and Germans
alike cheered the announcement and at
once emerged from their trenches and
threw aside the caution to which long
years of warfare had accustomed
them. The retrograde movement of
the Huns was accelerated in obedience
to the terms of the armistice but for
several days the allied armies did not
follow them. Then began their own
advance into the regions the enemy hal
been forced to evacuate.
On Thursday it was announced that
the Americans had crossed the frontier
toward Metz and Strassburg, and that
on Sunday Marshal Foch, commander
in chief of the allied armies, would
make formal entry into those cities
of Lorraine and Alsace in the presence
of President Pol n care and Premier
In Brussels and other cjties the Ger
man soldiers got out of hand and were
reported to be burning and pillaging.
The allies' high command at once
warned the German high command
that -unless this violation of the arm
istice terms were stopped the allies
would take drastic steps.
lt is generally agreed now that the
world peace conference will meet some
where in Europe, probably in Ver
sailles. Whether or not President Wil
son will attend is not settled. It has
been suggested that he be present at
the opening and then return home to
attend to the vastly Important domes
tic problems that must be solved. Pos
sibly America' representatives at the
peace board will include Secretary Lan
sing. Colonel House. Elihu Boot and
Justice Louis Brandeis. The proceed
ings of the conference are sure to be
protracted, and well informed corre
spondents are amusing' themselves and
their readers by speculating on th
conclusions that It Willi reach! Briefly,
ithey predict that Germany will be com
pelled to restore Alsace-Lorraine to
iFrance : that Luxemburg will he united
To Belgium that- Polahxl will - receive
large addition Sr Including part f Prus
control of the allies by the terms of
sia with an outlet to the sea, and parts
of Austria; that Serbia will get Bosnia
and Herzegovina; that Jtaly will re
ceive tlie Trentino, Trieste and most of
Dalmatia; that a plebiscite may be
taken to determine the desires of the
Croats and Slovenes; that Ukrainia
may get part of Galicla; that England
is to have Mesopotamia and France
will take Syria, and that Palestine
will become an independent state.
Among the many difficult things to be
settled are the conflicting claims of
Italy, Serbia and Greece; the status
of the Arabs and of Armenia; the dis
position of Constantinople and the
coast of Asia Minor, and the reduction
of Bulgaria to the weakest of the
It is 6xpected that the peace confer
ence will open in the latter part of
December, after the English parlia
mentary elections, and already tlie
representatives of all the small naJ
tionalities with grievances are gather
ing in Paris. Many of the questions, it
is understood, will be settled in ad
vance by the entente powers and the
Turkey is awaiting in dread the rep
aration demands of the aliies. Al
ready the allied fleet has passed
through the Dardanelles and dropped
anchor off Constantinople. The men
now in control in Turkey have accused
Talaat Pasha, former grand vizier;
Enver Pasha, former minister of war,
and Djemel .Pasha, former minister of
marine, of embezzlement and other
crimes, and those worthies have fled
from the capital.
Before the ink was dry on the armi
stice agreement America began turn
ing to the problem of getting back to a
pence footing. Its solution will require
the best work of our wisest minds.
The demobilization of the immense
army will be gradual, and the men will
be returned to civil life in the order
of their importance in peaceful pur
suits and with proper regard to the
ability of industries to absorb them.
The National Association of Manufac
turers gives assurance that every man
will find awaiting him the place he
left when he wont into the service, and
there is little doubt that there will be
work for all. Innumerable projects
that were suspended owing to the de
mands of the war will be resumed at
once, and the demand for labor on
these public and private enterprises
will be enormous,,
The department of war put a sud
den stop to the sending of drafted men
to the army camps and notified men
between the ages of thirty-two and
forty-six to return their questionnaires
unfilled. The men below twenty-one
now in the camps may be retained
there for a time, for the training and
possibly to replace some of those who
already have seen service in Europe.
As for the army on the other side, it
is likely to be therefor a good many
months yet, for there will be a big job
of policing to be done. The navy and
marines still are taking recruits. Their
part in enforcing the armistice and
peace terms will be a considerable one,
if present plans are carried out.
Many of the regulations to which
we have grown accustomed in the past
year and a half are being abandoned.
The food administration has suspend
ed the rule requiring the use of wheat
substitutes in baking and has increased
the sugar ration in some states, but
at the same time emphasizes the ne
cessity for continued conservation of
all staple foodstuffs. Deferred build
ing projects amounting to many mil
lions of dollars were released by Chair
man Baruch of the war industries
board, and many industrial restric
tions were removed.
The government's contracts for war
materials are not to be canceled
abruptly, so the contractors will have
time for readjustment.
The people of America are being
kept awake to the fact that with the
near approach of peace their financial
responsibility due to the war has not
ceased. At the present time they are
called on to raise a huge War Work
fund to be expended by the seven or
ganizations whose work is bv no means
ended. Then, early next year, there
probably will be a fifth Libertv loan,
for the nation's expenditures due di
rectly to the war.mu8t.be enormous
for a long time to come. Most of what
was raised in the past was spent be
fore It was received.
TO RECENTLY ORo.'
HONOR nr .
F'RST BIG ADVANCE
Advance Is Be,ng
and Not in n-.,.
ranee. tvw. a, : x '
gun to move ;()W;l, ''"'
army will travH ;,!,.,, , n
day. . -
To the army j. ;,;:i.1.
en the honor of hini Jfc
unit of the alii,,! oA-,
The advance will b,. fl)
and not in nnir , ' .' .'- 'X
" "UL 111 .orner of yAUl
lowed. But ,t is not f0. ; losi
:hnically. at iP1t, ,lt,,.e
ite of war. N'l.th;,,,, 1'1-
, , u (.t.
chance and every precaution U
taken to guard against ur,r.- . iv
withstanding none is expei-' If'
Care will be taken to have ;i.'M.
rill 1, . fclli'i
have been instructed not onlv
pair roads and recoastnu-t bridge! u
to inspect keenly evoiy object' -position,
that might he a trap MV
will be sought carefully. The Gea-'.
have sent word that the way h
and the mines removed
cases which they have desgnate.
ter also will be insperted carefully""
750,000 AMERICAN TROOPS
IN LATE DECISIVE BATTLE
Paris. Out of the confusion arl
daze of the crowding military ever
on the western battle line sir.ee U:.
in September, when battle follow
battle until from Flanders to Ycrfc
there was ceaseless action, i; is cr
permissible to outline to a certain ei
tent the part played by the Amerkv,
armies in the final decisive battle '
the war, which ended with the a:i:
tice. Military reasons heretofore ha--prevetited
accentuating the accom
plishments of the American?, exr-ey.
in a most general nnanner. The dis
patches from the field have beenn1
essarily fragmentary and pos?ib;y
were overshadowed by the account.
of the more dramatic operations ov:
the historic battlefronts to the
. But it now may be stated that .:
American divisions, totalling mc-'"
than 750,000 American combat troops
participated in the action beginnit:
Septeni'ber 26, known variously as ii
battle of the Argonne and the batt
of the Meuse. but which history mar
call Sedan the battle that brongr
Germany to her knees and as far
human foresight goes ended
world's bloodiest and costliest war
PLAGUE OF INFLUENZA WAS
MORE FATAL THAN WAR
Washington.- The recent .epideir
of influenza in the United biw
ed more deaths than occurred
the American expeditionary for f
from all causes.
This announcement by the
bureau was based on unofficial es.
mates of the total casualties amor
the overseas forces and report? Vv-.
46 cities having a combined popu--tion
of 23,000.000. which show! -306
deaths from influenza and pnej
monia from September 9 to Novem
Normally these cities would hs
had 4.000 deaths from these cau
during this period, it was said. .ea
approximately 78,000 as the numo
properly chargeable to the epiem
"The total casualties m tne
can expeditionary forces." said t .
nouncement, "have recently d - .
officially estimated at lOO.OOfl. On
basis of the number thus far repo
it may be assumed that ,
from all causes, including d:sen ',
accidents are probably le ' H
per cent and may not be more
per cent of the total casualties.
KING AND QUEEN OF BELG"
HAVE NOT ENTERED BRUSS
London Confirmation h
ceived here that Germans ai ?,,
ing or destroying property
burbs of Rrusseh
ment is in no sense i
,ucul 10 fW allied n;:
is regarded probable tiu.
uuy steps will be nectary '
Advices received in ionuu,'.n; aP.
the entry of the 15elpan h-- t.
queen into Brussels has
MANY SHIPS DEMANDED
ARMISTICE SUNK BV CR
shipsf demanded by the ain ,
the naval terms of the arm.-
sunk by their German r.
the revolution, according to
m ii. - orvnmice v
Clause 3u oi
that all merchant vest.
xtiated Powers are to d-
ports to he specified by
fiur United Static