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POLK COUNTY NEWS, TRYON, N". C.
HEAVY BLOW FOR
WILSON-BICKETT COMBINE IS
SUSTAINED IN FIGHT FOR
LEAGUE OF NATIONS.
DISPATCHES FROM RALEIGH
Doings and Happenings That Mark
the Progress of North Carolina Peo
ple, Gathered Around the 'State
Delivering a side swipe at William
Howard 'Taft, President of the League
-:o Enforce - Peace, who has publicly
ritirised President .Wilson's program
tor a league of Nations, the Executive
Committee of the League has adopted
ihe suggestion of 'Governor Bickett,
member of the committee, and has
hedged its support to the President.
This was made dear td the Gover
nor in a letter trom Alien P. Ames. I
ternary of the Committee on Infor-
mating of the League, in response to
-he Governor's telegram of suggestion,
" our telegram addressed to the
Executive Committee." the letter read,
vreated a profound impression and if
you have seen the press reports of the
meeting, you already know that the
omnvittee acted as you suggested and
adopted a ringing resolution pledging
support of the President in the estab
lishment of a League of Nations."
Increase in Manufactures.
The records of the census bureau,
w here the list of manufacturing plants
iff the nation are kept, show that there
lias been a very great increase in the
variety and number or factories and
mills of North Carolira in recent
vears. This is especially true in the
sections covered by the hydro-electric
wwer plants of Charlotte and other
T was predicted, jears ago; when
the waterpower development first
-oinnc:ieed. that there would come
with the harnessing of the falls of the
Catawba and other rivers many small
mamif.-'-eturing' plants "that won'd
nM'mately make the stale rich. The
:u-editions have come fniP to rtato
In addition to the factories run by'
waternowpr there are scores of others
-uprated in the old way.
An interesting f-K-t about the devel
mmenf in Catawba couhtv one of
''he most progressive counties in the
tojth--i? that small factories there
nave begun to compete with the West,
'or th work-glq-ve trade. Three or
1-yyir conepms are turning out thou
sands of cam-as gloves for workmen.
lmpcrtar.ee of Conservation.
A food conservation and war relief
-ampaign December 1 that is expect
ed to arouse the people of North Car--T'lln-a
and bring to them a full con-wr-iousncss
of the continued impor
tance of food conservation and the
fl"tivrt'es of the fnxl administration
generally was planned and outlined
;? the conference of countv food ad-
lin'strators with th State food ad- !
-nlmstrator, Henry A. Page, and his
staff, which ended here this morning.
The fact, was emphasized that with
-he ccming of .peace the demand for
food for ex-port has been increased in
stead of decreased, the minimum ex
peotations now being twenty, million
"ons instead of the eighteen million
tons which would have been required
if the war had ben continued. The
starving 'peoples c Europe must be
fed not only as a humanitarian duty!
but also as the most effective means
of preserving civilization and
government in those nations.
Scheme of Taxation.
Governor Bickett and' his special
"iftgislative commission for, proposing
tr the next legislature a scheme of
taxation that will be most equitable
and bear as nearly equal as possible
on all the peoples and interests in the
- Slate, especially through suggesting
amendments to the constitution, haver
been in conference hers In preparation
for something of the finishing touches
for the report and recommendations
that are to go through' the governor to
the legisla'turewhen it meeta.
Cotton Crop for 1918.
According to the last ginning re
port reaching Major W, A. Graham,
vmMx:sskner of agriculture, giving
production figures up to November 8.
Nort.h Carolina has produced this year
15,178 bales of the fleecy staple
against 278,013 for las year. The in
crease is about 50 per cent.
Robeson, as usual, leads the list of
-o?ton producing counties in the State
'"'Ith 37,000 bales, thirteen thousand
ahead of its closest competitor, John
ston, and 16,000 ahead of Jts Hear
For Memorial Building.
The proposal to erect a memorial
building in honor of the North Caro
lina soldiers who fought and died in
the world war met general endorse
ment and everywhere were indica
lions of the response which an appeal
for funds' will be met This week, it
i understood, the movement. will take
form with the a pr oartment of a com
mittee by the Governor to map out
plans. No time is to .be lost and Tar
Heels returning from France will, be
greeted by the growing memorial
their valor. "
By the president of ' the United
States of America.
It has long:beeh our custom to turn
mthe autumn of the year in praise
ant? thanksgiving: to Almighty God for
His many -blessings and mercies to
us araunatioa-lThiy year we have
special and moving cause to be grate
ful and to rejoice. God has in His
good pleasure given us peace. It has
not come as a mere cessation of arms,
a mere, relief from the strain and
tragedy of war. it has come as a
great triumph of right. Complete vie
tory has brought us, not peace' alone,
but the confident promise of a new
day as well. iu which justice shall re
place force and jealous intrigue among
the nations. Our gallant armies ha'e
participated in a triumph which is not
anarred or stained by any purpose of
L selfish aggression, in a righteous
cause they have won immortal glory
and have nobly served their nation in
serving mankind. God has indeed
been gracious. We have cause for
such rejoicing as revives and strength
ens in us-all the best traditions of our
national history. A new day shines
about Us, in which our hearts take
new courage and look forward with
new hope to new and greater duties.
While we render thanks for these
amies, and divine mercv and other
things. let us not forget to seek th.
divine guidance in the performance o
forgiveness for all errors of act o
purpose, and pray that in all we do we
shall strengthen the ties of friendship,
and mutual respect upon which we
must assist to build the new structure
of peace and good will among the
Wherefore, I, Wood row Wilson,
President of the United States of Am
erica, do hereby designate Tnursday.
the twenty-eighth day of November
next, as a day of thanksgiving and
prayer, -and invite the people through
out the land to cease upon that day
from fheir ordinary occupations and
in their several Itomes and places of
worship to render thanks to God, the
ruler ct nations.
Tour for Highway Men.
Supporters of the Bankhead Na
tional Highway will go on a tour from
Birmingham to Washington and Bal
timore in early December. At the for
mer place efforts will be made in be
half of the passage by Congress of the
Chamberlain-Dent bill appropriating
$100,000,000 for roads, and at Balti-
more ,-nc highway promoters will at-
tend the annual meeting of the South
ern Commercial Congress.
Aerial Mail Route. .
Washington (Special). The ncst
oft'ice depaTtment will establish an
aerial mail route across North Caro
lina to the far south. At least one
stop will be made in the state.
This will give North Carcliim con
nection by air with New York and
make it possible for important mail
and registry letters to be delivered
several hours sooner.
The department plans to establish
these routes over the entire country.
From New York to Chicago, to fetm
Francisco; from New York to Jack
sonville. Fla,, and New Orleans, mili
tary truck mail, service, to make for
speedier delivery in remote sections.
is to be expanded. Tnis will be espe
cially important to the rural sections
and require thousands of army motor
trucks and drivers. North
will have truck routes.
Monumental Peace Task.
Chairman Edward M. Hurley, of the
United States Stiuping Board, has
called upon Chairman Ben-ehan Cam-
eron, of the Highway Transport Com-
mittee of the State Council of De
fense. to aid in carrying on the monu-
mental peace time task involved in
the moving of foodstuffs from the
farmers' door to shipping points and
thence down to the great ports for
transportation to Europe.
Discussing this urgent request of
Chairman Hurley for the stimulation
in the most efficient manner of all
forms of highway transport, Col. Cam
eron said he will urge upon the patri
otic people of North Carolina to tally
to the support of the members and
workers of the various highway com
mittees throughout the Stae in the
same spirit which has characterized
their efforts during the trying times
Verdict Against the City.
Among the 16 opinions filed by the
Sunreme Court, the court found no er
ror in the judgment of damages
against the commissioners of Lexing
ton for the death of J. C. Smith, an
employe of a Chero Cola bottling
plant. Smith was assisting in install
ing machinery in the bottling plant
and was . sitting on a large metal ma
chine waiting for a change to be made
in d gas tube. In getting down from
the machine, he caught hold of an elec
trict socket and was killed instantly.
Masonic Red Circle.
The Masonic lodges of Raleigh open
d the Masonic Red Circle Club for
soldiers and sailors on the second floor
of the Masonic Tenp-le and the club
will be open during the evening as
well as during the day. It is equip
ped with writing desks, easy chairs
and a piano and will be operated as e
lounging room for all soldiers and
sailors who may he in Raleigh irre
spective of whether they "be Masons
or not." In this enterprise we see dis
played that true spirit of frftternalism
which is the bedrock of this order.
- " - ' , '
t as"'' &
i j i fii irii M i
F all China's great cities I
found Nanking the richest in
historical interest, says Dr.
A. B. Lea veil e in an account
of his travels in China, published in ; able to pay 40 cents a day, to house
the Los Angeles Times. It is 205 miles boats.
inland on the banks of that wonderful ' Of course, we lost no time in seeing
waterway, the Yangtze river. Its his- that great missionary hospital of which
tory dates back, under different names, my brother is chief surgeon and super
several centuries before Christ, and it ; intendent. He had three Chinese men
has served under a number of dynas- and ten Chinese women nurses, trained
ties as the capital city. Nanking is also as Bible students, and can aecom
very advantageously situated for de- ; rnodate about 150 patients. They have
fense and has the vantage point striv-1 every heinous disease and affliction
en for by many of the leaders of Chi- conceivable leprosy, typhus, Asiatic
na's numerous rebellions. It was here ; cholera, smallpox, tuberculosis; dengue
that Dr. Sun Yaf Sen lived and took i fever, opium smokers' poison, and
his' oath of ohe as president of the i plague. The first sight that struck my
HcfJublic of China in 11112. During our ' eves was a woman who had just come
stay in this city we were entertained
in that great yamea, formerly owned
by Li Hung Chang, ex-minister to quickly stopped, and the Bible women
America. , going' to work at once, found that she
I The present walls of Nanking are had suffered from guilty conscience
among the finest in China, being,' SX) and cut her throat to let the evil spir
feet high, 10 feet thick and 22 miles '; its out of her body,
long. In their construction no fewer i
than 4,000,000 workmen were employ
ed. These walls have now been built
! more than 1.000 years ami, though
moss covers most of the brick, are well
The past glories of this city are indi-
cated by arched bridges of carved
i stone; by the ruins of the world-famous
porcelain pagoda ; the examina
tion halls containing cells for 30.000
students, the near-by ancient Confuci
an temples; the drum tower, and the
precious stone tea houses. The cele
brated mausoleum of Hung Wu, the
humble founder of the Ming dynasty,
we saw just outside the city walls.
for miles it is aurrouuuea by nuge
carved granite figures of animals and an(j' canf5
solid stone images, known as the Ming j 'QUite equal to the men at this
tombs. This is one of the most pic- j job says the foreman of the screen
turesque places known to history. j nff house, where all the coal is care
Purple Mountain That Was Chained, j fully screened into different sizes,
All is overshadowed by Purple
mountain, where the greatest battle of
Chinese history was fought. The wife
of one of the emperors declared she
could see this moutain move, arid to
relieve his people of their terror be set
forth with 1,000,000 coolies and con
structed a huge iron chain about its
base: - Since that day it has not moved.
Taking a stern-wheeler we proceeded
up the world-famous West river right
through China's present theater of
Our good captain, having a big con
signment of silver aboard, was sure
the pirates would take usi and at night
fall placed "Big Doc" (my brother)
and me in a private cabin adjoining
his on the bridge, all of which was
enclosed in iron grating with locked
doors. We bad 300 Chinese herded
below on the deck which had no beds,
as they preferred the floor. I was glad
of the chance to see them at their eve-
) ning meal of rice, bamboo sprouts and
j chopped duck, served before them as
. 1 1 ; 3 . 1 1 .7
they reclined, a half-dozen or more
eating with chopsticks out of the same
large bowl. It certainly was a great
sight. Then they passed around the
community water pipe, which after a
few puffs would lay them out to sleep
Oh, say, did
you ever see a duck
boat? Well, all along here you see
these peculiar boats with overhanging
sides equipped to accommodate some
thing like 4,000 ducks. They land at
a new grazing place each day, throw
down a bamboo gangplank and herd
them like sheep a call will bring back
any straying drake. In the afternoon
when the call is given "all aboard,"
you never saw such a scrambling and
Ail'llnrf inA tha u-fltff to O-Mt 111) that
gangway, for the last half-dozen get 'the vicinity. Popular-Mechanics Ma g
a sound thrashing for being, late. It azine
looked like a crush at a theater fire. j ' ..
, A Flood at Vuchow. ! Light Reading,
We finally reached Vuchow, the "Big
Doc" and his charming wife, formerly
of the bine grass, -showed me the most
Interesting ten days of my life.. I could
forgethree-f pnrths of it all and. still,
have enough left to write a book. I
arrived in lime to see what their city
j is most famous for, a flood. It rose 45
feet, inundating a great part of the
city, driving the natives to the hills,
on to house tops, and a few who were
in with her throat cut wide open and
1 bleeding to death. The bleeding was
BRITISH WOMEN IN WAR-WORK
Gentle Sex Is Certainly Doing Its
Share in the Great Contest Being
Waged for Liberty.
With a gay laugh, the pit-brow girls
bend to their task over the picking
Their duty consists of picking out
and casting aside all the "dirt" and
rubbish from among the coal which
; moves slowly along in front of them
i on the belt on its way to the shoots
! into the waiting wagons below.
! Splendidly strong, hefty lasses they
1 ori trtrt in hr firir.Wiie overalls
from huge lumps to tiny pieces no
larger than a very small bean.
We wander from here into the lamp
room, where the miners' lamps are
cleaned, trimmed and filled. Here,
again, the girls do the work, with the
aid of machines in which rapidly re
volving brushes play a large part.
As the miners come out of the pit
they hand their lamps to the girls
through a little window in the lamp
room, receiving them again next day,
cleaned and filled, on their return to
Sawing the timber into lengths for
rkit.nrnns to snnnort the roof in the
J,.. r.-u ' " , ' 1 " " -
mine is another branch of labor under
taken by women and girls.
Thus do the girls assist the miner
to fulfill his great task of supplying
the allied nations with the coal which
Marshal Foch assures us is "the key
to victory." Thus do they help to light
his way and to keep him safe. Cupid,
too, is busy at the pits today. Many
a knight of the Silver Bade returns
to find a bride among the bonnie
lassies on the pit-brow. London Mail.
Hot and Cold Water.
A sanitary drinking fountain from
which gushes both hot and cold water
j is the decidedly novel feature to be
found .on a street in Ouray, a mining
town in western Colorado. The foun
tain consists of an ornamental cast
iron post from which extend two
j curved arms, each supporting' a basin.
in the center of which is an overflow
ing cup. From the one flows cold wa
ter piped from snow-fed mountain
streams, while from the other runs
hot water drawn from near-by hot
springs, of which there are many in
"Wall. I'll declare,? exclaimed oia
Missus Prude. "The stories , in some
of these current magazines are enougr.
to shock a body.'? . And so saying sne
threw , off her switch for the sake of
j comfort and wired her eye? to tb
SHIPS IN CONSTANT PERIL
I Sailing Without Lights, Navigators
j Can Only Rely on Quickness of Per-
caption and 'Professional 'Nerve.'
I Ken If the linns are escaped, the
, life of ;i merchant, ship man in these
i flays is far removed from beer and skit
j ties. An example of what they have.
Jto go through is-fhrnished by the nar
j row squeak the Empress of Britain and
j the Cardiganshire had one night in the
Aegean sea, Tialph E. Cropley writes
1 in the Atlantic. Poth are big ships,
i find they' were loaded with troops and
going at full sneed y.iirziiirL'in" not
I a light showing. It was one f .those
! nights when you can hardly see your
i hand before you. There were no stars,
no phosphorous nothing -nothing but
( to trust to luck and the ears of the
man on the I ridge.
! The captain of one of the ships has
told me that, before he knew it, there
! was a ship, bow on him. dead ahead,
j Of course the first impulse was to shift
his helm; but if iie did so, the dan
.ger, would be of one ship giving the.
: other a glancing blow. Fortunately,
; rh,v other skipper appreciated ihis also,
j Their nerve, in spite of seve.-al years
of war-ZdiK' work, was still equal to
. tire occasion. It all happei.i'd in the
twinkling of an eye. and tl.ey passed
' s; . hough there had been les than
; -lO feet separating the ships, and their
j outswung lifebonts nearly seruped. The
j captain of the Cardiganshire, though
j he- could not see him, heard the cap
i tain of the Kmju-ess of Iir.tain aluive
! the noises of the sea heard him yeM :
"For God's sake, old man. don't shift
j your helm !" so close were they on their
respective niutges nigh above the sen.
Instances of this kind, vh:eh try
men's souls, nightly occur, and quite
frequently there are coll.sions and
tragedies in the pitch dark. The only
way that the two ships identitied
themselves was ten days later, at Sa-
lonIk,i' . when th! Ptaln of the Cardi
ganshtre heard ihe skipper of the
Empress of Britain asking a friend if
he knew what ship he nearly bumped
on a certain night. I am sorry to re
port that the captain of the Empress
of Britain lost his life in the Halifax
explosion while doing hospital work.
Night Photographs From Airplane.
An Italian invention which permits
photographs being taken at night has
been submitted to the signal corps of
the United Stales army. Accoiding to
the men who control the new device it
will soon be possible to take excellent
pictures of enemy positions from air
planes flying at a low height on' moon
light nights. It i also claimed that the
invention can be fitted to r motion-picture
cameras, which would permit the
photographing for the screen of much
of the lighting in the air, the greater
part of which takes place in the ear'y
morning hours. Up to the present time
the chief obstacles met by the daylight
aerial photographers Is that the anti
aircraft guns force the flyers to rake
pictures from a great height, and much
of the deta-I of the enemy lines is
therefore lost. It is held, continues
Aviation, that llyers are in little dan
ger from artillery when flying at night.
The mental attitude rules the won,.
It means success or failure, whether
on the field of battle, wlrere .courage
counts for more than physical strength",
or in the home, or the store, or the fae-
tory. Courage in facing life, courage
jn taking unnbles and rising to a high-
er level, because refusing to acknowl
edge defeat, faith and trust that life
Is wonderful and good and beautiful
will help to really make it so for us
at least, and more than anything else
in the universe , will our state of mind
determine what manner of fortune
shall be ours.
Always Source of Strength.
Look well i:.u thyself : v there is a
source which will always spring up it
thou wilt always search there.
Bobolink Restored to Favor.
By reason o1j its depredations )
the rice fields, the bobolink was form
erly rated the most destructive feath
ered creature on this continent. But
the rice has moved away from the path
of its migration, and on this account
it has become almost barmfess Hence
forward we may admire the protean
bobolink without qualification, and.
protected against its only important
enemy, mgji. it will dou',,bKs become
a much more numerous
His Great Task.
T want to gel some information."
said the tired man with three suit
cases. "'Why don't you apply to the
bureau of information V "I'm work
ing up to that. Kirs; I've 'ot to get
inforniauori, as to how I an find the
bureau of informal ion." Washington
The war industries board has direct
ed manufacturers of cotton thread to
limit their ortpur of whito thread to
14 sizes, of black to snven sizes and
colored to one, with spo Is regulated
to certain diameter, r ade to bold
Aim in Pruning Cherries.
Like the cherry, plum trees bear
tipon one-year-old wood, and spurs of
one to two years of age. Heavier cut-,
ting than in the case of the cherry Is
desirable as more fruit Is borbe upon
one-year wood and fewer on spur,
heavier pruning produces this new
Apple Tree Worth Saving.
An long as. an apple tree is worth
favtag, save it, but when its period of
usefulness is past, make It do duty i
the cook store.
.1 i.mn ' - .
SHEEP ON SMALL SCALE PAY
European. War Has Developed Very
Important Enterprise for the
New England Farmer. . ...
(Prep&.ed by the United States 0esrt
rr.ent of Agriculture) -
Conditions created by the European
war nave made sheep raising o a.
small scale a very important enter-
prise for the New England fanv
so situated as to take advantage of
the economic conditions. I'rior to tJie1
recent remarkable advance in ptib? "
of wool and mutton, sheep raising in v
New England was comparatively sta
profitable, but now, undei certahnrwa- -ditions,
a revival of the indttsnrj
In a study made of sheep raisin?
in the New England states by spcaal
ists of the U. S. department f agri
culture it was found that this iadt
try when conducted on a small seal
was more profitable than daiTjiBp
They therefore recommend that lAee
replace the unprofitable cows and thus.
the industry be given more attcsfr a.
in sections unfavorable for dabyinc
Kept li small numbers, sheep do not
replace other kinds of live stocfc fcyc
are kept in addition to 1h ivsafcir
quota of other stock on such taanri
as have available pasture.
It was found that regardless T.
whether sheep were kept in cvhJsbm?
tion with dairy or with beef cattle
farms with sheep have practically th
Good Type fr Any Farm.
same kinds and numbers oi ofTicr'fcr
stock as did farms without &orp
Moreover, farms with the sh" kJ
an average of 15 more acres mS. pav
ture than did farms without the te:uw
warranting the conclusion made hj tlx
specialists that sheep in New EEjjisrut
have not been kept to the excfcisioB.
of other live stock but have bi LepC
on farms with large pasture rt
utilize the extra pasture. avKfiAfclft.
Though sheep raising as mow
ducted on the farms studied i a imClh
able business at present prices, tAufcre
is much room and great n ci fr eh
Improvement of the industry, d tif
specialists say tha t the average jwwer
could, with better care, make tu fca$K
ness a much more profitable oie "ve
under normal eonditionsawl wi3tSvct
the artificial stimulus to prices give,
by the war. By propor are in
ing and feeding, the lambing rat
should be increased one-third ami ilv
wool clip lit per cent, which at jwrst
prices would mean an increase "m re
ceipts) of nearly $3 per sheep.' f
SMALL OR BIG SHEEP FLOCK
Many More Animals Can Be Ktp&Witk
Little Added Labor -Overlies
Charges Are Less.
(Prepared by the United State rKjperls
ment of Agriculture.)
The economical disadvantage of jl
ery small Cock lies in the fact that
the hours of labor are practlcaDy tfcie
same for a dozen or 20 ewes as for th
larger flock. The fencing t alkwr de
sirable change of pastures or to sve
protection against dogs is about th
same In either case, so that Use mer
head charges per ewe are mod) fiantt
er in the case of the larger flock. Wtu-
thermore, the small flock on a Carw.
having large numbers of other afrnig
is unlikely to receive the study an! --'.
tention really needed or that wotM t
given to one of the chief am rl
the farm income.
NO PROFIT IN STAR BOARDER
Feeds Are Too High Priced to Waists
Them on Animals That Do Net
Earn Their Living. 1
Kick out the star boarder. TWta"3
not the time to feed animals that
not work. Feeds are too blah
and too much needed for the wiBbuoj1
of the war to waste them ob sladmx.
Nearly every farm has one r smt
animals that are not paying fr tfcrfr
feed and care. They may he 1m Om
beef herd, in the cow stable w &
hog lot. Try to spot them .sixt Arm
get rid of them before they "at Hdr
heads off." It is the patriotic 4o(y f
every breeder of llve'stock to e1 1
th butcher any animal that faEks t
giTe satisfactory returns on ffce
, : ; "j'
. .- f