North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
STEADIER HOG MARKETS PLANNED
Hog Producers and Packers Confer With Repre
sentatives of the Food Administration and
Agricultural Department and Adopt
New Plan of Regulation.
! In accordance with the policy of the Food Administration since its founda-,
tlon to consult representative men in the agricultural industry on occasions
of importance to special branches of the industry, on October ?4 there was
convened in Washington a meeting of the Live Stock Subcommittee of the
Agricultural Advisory Board and the special members representing the swine
industry to consider the situation in the hog market
The conference lasted for three days, and during this time met with tb
executive committee of the fifty packing firms participating in foreign orders
for pork products and with the members of the Food Administration directing
foreign pork purchases.
The conclusions of the conference were as follows : ;
The entire marketing situation has
so changed since the September Joint
conference as to necessitate an entire
alteration in the plans of price stabi
lization. The current peace talk has
alarmed the holders of corn, and there
has been a price decline of from 25
cents to 40 cents per bushel. The fact
that the accumulations of low priced
corn in the Argentine and South Afri
ca would, upon the advent of peace
and liberated shipping, become availa
ble to the European market has cre
ated a great deal of apprehension on
the part of corn holders. This decline
has spread fear among swine growers
that a similar reduction in the prices
of hogs would naturally follow. More
over, the lower range of corn prices
would, if incorporated in a 13-to-l ra
tio, obviously result In a continuously
falling price for live hogs. In view
of these changed conditions many
swine producers anticipated lower
prices and as a result rushed their
tfogs to market in large numbers, and
this overshipment has added to and
aggravated the decline.
The information of the Department
of Agriculture indicates that the sup
ply of hogs has increased about 8 per
cent, while the highest unofficial esti
mate does not exceed 15 per cent in
creased production over last year. On
the other hand, the arrival of hogs
during the last three weeks in tfie
seven great markets has been 27 per
cent more than last year, during the
corresponding period, demonstrating
the unusually heavy marketing of the
available supply. In the face of the
excessive receipts some packers have
not maintained the price agreed last
month. On the other hand, many
of the packers have paid over the
price offered to them in an endeavor
to maintain the agreed price. The re
sult in any event has been a failure
to maintain the October price basis
determined upon at the September con
terence and undertaken by the pack
ers. Another factor contributing to
the break in prices during the month
has been the influenza epidemic; it
has sharply curtailed consumption of
pork products and temporarily de
creased the labor staff of the packers
about 25 per cent
The exports of 130,000,000 pounds
of pork productsfor October com
pared with about 52,000,000 pounds
in October a year ago, and the
export orders placeable by the Food
Administration for November, amount
to 170,000,000 pounds as contrast
ed with the lesser exports of
98,000,000 for November, 1917. The
Increased demands of the allies are
continuing, and are In themselves
proof of the necessity for the large
production for which the Food Admin
istration asked. The increase in ex
port demandSL appears to be amply
sufficient to take up the Increase in
hog productijn, but unfavorable mar
ket condition's existing in October af
ford no fair index of the aggregate
supply and demand.
It must be evident that the enor
mous shortage in fats n the Central
Empires and neutral countries would
immediately upon peace result in ad
ditional demands for pork products
which, on top of the heavy shipments
to the Allies, would tend materially
to Increase the American exports, in
asmuch as no considerable reservoir of
supplies exists outside of the United
States. It seems t probable that the
present prospective supplies would be
inadequate to meet this world demand
with the reiurn to peace. So far as it
is possible to interpret this fact, it ap
pears that there should be even a
stronger demand for pork products
after the war, and therefore any alarm
of hog "producers as to the effect of
peace is unwarranted by the outlook.
In the light of these circumstances
It is the conclusion of the conference
that attempts to hold the price of hogs
to the price of corn may work out to
the disadvantage of pork producers.
It Is the conclusion that any interpre
tation of the formula should be a
broad gauged, policy applied over a
long, period. It is the opinion of the
conference that in substitution of the
previous plans of stabilization the
Live Stock Subcommittee of the Agri
cultural Advisory Board, together with
the specially invited swine representa
tives, should accept the invitation of
the Food Administration to join with
the Administration and the packers in
determining the prices at which con
trolled export orders are to be placed,
xms will be regularly done. The in
fluence of these orders will be directed
to tne maintenance of the common ob-
ect namely, the stabilization nt th0
rice of live hogs so as to secure as far
A M is possible fair returns to the
producer and the insurance of an ade
quate future supply.
These foreign orders are placed
upon the basis of cost of hogs to the
As the result of long negotiations
between this body and the Packers'
Committee, representing the 45 t6 50
packers participating in foreign or
ders, together with the Allied buyers,
all under the Chairmanship of the
Food Administration, the following un
dertaking has been given by the pack
In view of the undertakings on the
part of the Food Administration with
regard to the co-ordinated purchase
of pork products, covered in the at
tached, it is agreed that the packers
participating in these orders will un-,
dertake not to purchase hogs for less
than the following agreed mlnlmums
for the month of November, that Is a
dally minimum of $17.50 per hundred
pounds on average of packers' droves,
excluding throw-outs. "Throw-outs"
to be defined as pigs under 130
pounds, stags, boars, thin sows and
skips. Further that no hogs of any
kind shall be bought except throw
outs, at less than $16.50 per hundred
pounds. The average of packers'
droves to be construed as the average
of the total sales in the market of all
hogs for a given day. All the above
to be based on Chicago.
We agree that a committee shall be
appointed by the Food Administration
to check the dally operations In the
various markets with a view to super
vision and demonstration of the carry
ing out of the above.
The ability of the packers to carry
out this arrangement will depend on
there being a normal marketing of.
hogs based upon the proportionate in
crease over the receipts of last year.
The increase in production appears to
be a maximum of about 15 per cent
and we can handle such an increase.
If the producers of hogs should, as
they have in the past few weeks, pre-.
maturely market hogs in such increas
ing numbers over the above it is en
tirely beyond the ability of the pack
ers to maintain these minimuma, and
therefore we must have the co-operation
of the producer himself to main
tain these results. It is a physical
impossibility for thecapaclty of the
packing houses to handle a similar
over-flood of hogs and to find a market
for the output The packers are anx
ious to co-operate with the producers
in maintaining a stabilization of price
and to see that producers receive a
fair price for their products.
(Signed) THOS. E. WILSON,
Chairman Packer' Committee.
The plan embodied above was adopt
ed b the conference.
The Food Administrator has appoint
ed a committee, comprising Mr. Thom
as E. Wilson, chairman of the Pack
ers' Committee; Mr. Everett Brown,
president of the Chicago Livestock Ex
change; Major Hoy of the Food Ad
ministration, Mr. Louis D. Hall of the
Bureau of Markets, to undertake the
supervision of the execution of the
plan in the various markets. Commis
sion men are asked to co-operate in
carrying out the plan embodied in the
packers' agreement It must be evi
dent that offers by commission men to
sell hogs below the minimum estab
lished above is not fair, either to the
producer or the participating packers.
Mr. Brown has undertaken on behalf
of the commission men in the United
States that they will loyally support
It is believed by the conference that
this new plan, based as it is upon a
positive minimum basis, will bring bet
ter results to the producer than aver
age prices for the month. It does not
limit top prices and should harrow
the margins necessary to country buy
ers in more variable markets. It is
believed that the plan should work out
close to $18 average.
Swine producers of the country will
contribute to their own interest by
not flooding the market, for it must be
evident that if an excessive over per
centage of hogs is marketed in any
one month price stabilization and con
trol cannot succeed, and It is certain
that producers themselves can contri
bute 'materially to the efforts of the
conferences If they will do tbelr mark
eting in as normal a way as possible.
The whole situation as existing at
present demands a frank and explicit
assurance from the conferees repre
sented namely, that every possible
effort will be made to maintain a live'
hog price commensurate with swine
production costs and reasonable sell-j
ing values in execution of the declar
ed policy of the Food Administration
to use every agency in its control to
secure justice to the farmer.
The stabilization methods "doptedr
for November represent t beat J
forts of the conference, c acuxretf iik
by the Foo4 Administrate fod &
pcui coumnr mixta, tbyoit, n. o
I Livestock Subcommittee of the Agri
colturali Advisory Board, together
with special swine members and the
' representatives of the packers, to im
prove the present unsatisfactory situ-
' ation, which has unfortunately result-
; ed because of the injection of uncon-
1 4. II LI . . J
We 'ask "the producer to co-operate
with us In a 'most difficult task.
The members of the Conference
were: ' , '.
Producers H. C. Stuart, Elk Gar
den, Va., Chairman Agricultural Ad
visory Board ; W. M. McFadden, Chi
cago, 111.; A: Sykes, Ida Grove, la.;
John M. Evvard, Ames, Ja. ; J. H. Mer
cer, Live Stock. Commission for Kan
sas ; J, G. Brown, Monon, Ind. E. C.
Brown, President Chicago Livestock
Exchange; N. H. Gentry, Sedalia, Mo. ;
John Grattan Broomfield, Colo.; Eu--
gene Funk, Bloomington, 111.; Isaac
Lincoln, Aberdeen, S. D. ; C. W. Hunt
Logan, la.; C. E. Yancey, W. B. Dod
son. Food Adminlstration--Herbert Hoo
ver, F. S. Snyder Major E. L. Egy, G.
Department of Agriculture Louis
D. Hall, F. R. Marshall.
The packers present and others
sharing In foreign orders were repre
sented by the elected packers' commit
tee. Those represented were : .
Packers Armour & Co Chicago,
111. ; Cudahy Packing Co., Chicago, 111. ;
Morris & Co., Chicago, HI. ; Swift &
Co., Chicago, HI.; Wilson & Co., Chica
go, ni.; John Agar Co., Chicago, 111.;
Armstrong Packing Co., Dallas, Tex.;
Boyd Dunham & Co., Chicago, 111. ;
Brennan Packing Co., Chicago, 111.;
Cincinnati Abattoir Co., Cincinnati,
O.; Cleveland Provisions Co., Cleve
land, O. ; Cudahy Bros. Co., Cudahy,
Wis. ; J. Dold Packing Co., Buffalo, N.
T. ; Dunlevy Packing Co., Pittsburg,
Pa. ; J. E. Decker & Sons, Mason City,
la.; Evansville Packing Co., Evans
vllle, Ind. ; East Side Packing Co., East
St Louis, 111. ; Hammond Standish &
Co., Detroit Mlch ; G. A. Hormel St
Co., Austin, Minn.; Home Packing &
Ice Co., Terre Haute, Ind. ; Independ
ent Packing Co Chicago, 111. ; Indian
apolis Abattoir Co., Indianapolis. Ind.;
International Provision Co., Brooklyn,
N. Y. ; Interstate Packing Co., Winona,
Minn.; Iowa Packing Co., Des Moines,
la.; Powers Begg Co., Jacksonville,
111. ; Kingan & Co., Indianapolis, Ind. ;
Krey Packing Co., St Louis, Mo. ; Lake
Erie Provision Co., Cleveland, O. ; Lay
ton Co., Milwaukee, Wis. ; Oscar Mayer
& Bro., Sedgwick and Beethoven
streets, Chicago, 111. ;' J. T. McMillan
Co., St Paul, Minn.; Miller & Hart
Chicago, 111. ; J. Morrell & Co., Ottum
wa, la. ; Nuckolls Packing Co., Pueblo,
Cok.; Ogden Packing and Provision
Co., Ogden, Utah ; Ohio' Provision Co.,
Cleveland, O. ; Parker Webb & Co., De
troit Mich.; Pittsburg Packing and
Provision Co., Pittsburg, Pa.; Rath
Packing Co., Waterloo, la. ; Roberts &
Oake, Chicago, 111. ; Rohe & Bros., New
York City; W. C. Routh & Co., Logans
port, Ind.; St Louis Ind. Packing Co.,
St Louis, Mo.; Sinclair & Co., T. M.
Cedar Rapids, la.; Sullivan & Co., De
troit Mich. ; Theurer-Norton Provision
Co., Cleveland, O. ; Wilson Provision
Co., Peoria, 111.; Western Packing and
Provisioa Co Chicago, 111.; Charles
Wolff Packing Co., Topeka, Kan.
cNcMT AuLN I bLAMtU
FOR POOR WHEAT CROP ?
Salem, O. Enemy agents are
blamed for an Insect pest which
has reduced Butler township's
bumper wheat crop tomuch less
than normal. The ravages of
the insect have been tremen
dous. Last winter the farmers
now remember an aged man of
German extraction was ob-
v served wandering about the
lownsnip visiting wneat fields
to the exclusion of others, and
apparently diffjrinir in them with
r his hands, as if burying some-
. . .
j thing in the soil.
OWN PUNS SLAY FOE
Yankees Take Weapons and
Turn Them on Hun.
Run Out of Ammunition and Make
Night Raid on Trenches
With the American Army in France.
Turning "Heinle's" own machine
guns back on him is the newest and
favorite stunt in a certain American
The boys just stumbled onto this
sport, and they like it.
Recently In raids the boys brought
back some German machine guns, after
driving the Germans away from their
"Why not use these German guns
on the Heinies?" one thinking dough
boy asked his pals.
"You're crazy; we haven't any am
munition that'll fit them."
"Why can't we go 'over and get
some?" replied the thinker.
"Never thought of that," replied tke
others; "we're on?
That night they raided the Gorman
trenches and brought back plenty of
ammunition and another German ma
chine gun. Next day the guns were
playing on the "Heinies."
'They're darned good machine
guns," said one chap enthusiastically;
"but the Heinies don't know how to;
use them. We do, though. We're get
ting a little low on ammunition. Guess
we'll have to rim over to Germany to
night and make 'em hand out some
" NOTICE. ' ' " "
Having qualified as administrator
of the estate of W, J. Shields, de
ceased, late of Poll: County, this is to
notify all. person? having ' claims
against said estate to present them p
the undersigned administrator? with
in twelve months from date or this
Inotice will be pleaded in bar ofpav-
Tnent. ah persons maeuwsu w
estate will please make lmnieaitaie
D. A. Shields, Admr.
Walter Jones, Attorney.
NOTICE OF LAND SALEi
Notice is hereby given that the' un
dersigned by virtue of the powers
contained in a certain mortgage dat
ed 9th March, 1915, executed by San
ford Liles and wife Queen Liles to E.
D. Ezell will sell at the court house
door at Columbus, N. C., on
MONDAY. DECEMBER 9. 1918
at 2 o'clock P. M., the following real
estate, to-wit: A tract of ten acres
of land described as follows:
Part of Pat. No. 1013, on the wa
ters of Mill Creek, beginning on a
black gum, Head's corner, and run
ning thence south 80 east "65 1-3 poles
to a stone in Mose Shields' line Bar
nett's corner; thence with Shieds line
south 46 w 18 poles to a sourwood his
corner; thence with his line south 6V2
west 24 poles to a stone, his corner;
thence with his line south 49 V2. west
19 V2 poles to a stake, his corner;
thencei with his line south 26 west
9 2-3 poles to a sfake, Head's corner;
thence with Head's line north 68Y2
poles to a stake in Cantrell's line;
thence with his line north 30 east
2314 poles to a Spanish oak, his cor
ner; thence with his line north 10
east 31 Ya poles to the beginning,
Sale will be made to satisfy the
Terms: Cash on day of sale.
F. 7). F7pC .Mortgagee.
'M. Georgion, Assignee.
By virtue of the power of sale con
tained in a certain mortgage (ifvd
dated 25th of March, 19 1, and u
corded in book of mortgages No. 9 at
page 585, of the recojds of Polk
county, and executed by Jol Shcvfey
and wife Maggie Shoifey, to secure
the payment of the pi.rohn.--e nriM of
lands heroinaKer de-crioel, "default
having been made in tho payment tf
both principal anc1 ir,t-r t of said
purchase price ivjt's. I will sell to
the highest bidrtrv, or cash, at rhe
court house door in Coutn!v.is on he
26the DAY OF DECEMBER, 1918,
at 12 o'clock M., all the following de
scribed piece, parcel or tract of land,
Being a part of patent No. 1024 on
the waters of Little Cove Creek and
adjoining the lands of J. E. Thomp
son, Eli Bradley and others. Begin
ning on a Hickory, J. E. Thompson's
comer on the east side of the Little
Cove creek and runs South 68 west
with Thompson's line, crossing the
creek 62 poles to a stake, B. O. Cor
ner; thence south G1 east crossing
Spring Branch 56 poles to a stake
and stone; thence south 52 west 88
poles to two dead pines and a stone on
top of a ridge; thence north 38 west
164 Vz ples to a W. O. on top of a
ridge, Bradley's corner; thence north
18 V2 east with Bradley's line passing
just south of a lare'e rock 124 noies
to a poplar and dogwood, corner
mence south 84 v2 east 60 poles to
a sourwood on the lower side of an
old road; thence north 84 deg. east 43
poles to a stone at a bluff; thence S.
65 E. crossing a branch to a cucum
ber on the bank of Little Cove Creek;
thence up the creek S. 25 east 734
poles to a large rock comer of a 92
acre tract; thence north 50 east cross
ing the creek 30 poles to a stone;
thence south 25 cast 79 poles to a
stone; thence north 85 west crossing
the creek 33 poles to a stone in the
bottom; thence south 25 east 28 poles
to the beginning, containing 216 and
one-half acres, more or less.
Said sale being made to pay the
aeDt, interest and costs of sale secur
ed by said above mentioned mortgage
from Joel Sherfey and wife to J. H.
This the 20th dav of Nov. 1918.
MRS. J. H. JOHNSON,
Administratrix of the estate of
J. H. Johnson.
E. W. Ewbank, AAttorney.
NOTICE OF SALE.
Pursuant to th power of sale con
tained in that coitai mortgage deed
executed by L. B. Tribble and Dinah
Tnbble, his w:fe, to J. V. Kennedy on
the 12th day of Da:3.-n- 1916, and
of record in offL-e of Remitter of
Deeds for Polk county in Book No.
11 at page 238, default having been
made m the pnyment of the debt and
interest therein provided for, the un
dersigned vv'll sell at public auction
to the highest bidder for cash at the
court house door in Polk county on
MONDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1918, at
12 o'clock noon the following describ
ed land and premises conveyed by
said mortgage, and described" as fol
lows, to wit:
Situate in the counts of Polk, State
of North Carolina and in the town of
Tryon;! beginning at a stake at the
Northwesterly edge of the George
Weaver Road, at a point whee a
line running south 71 deg. ,30 min
West 226 feet from the' Southeast
corner of the B. C. Livingston subdi
vision of the town of Tryoh would
intersect said point, and running
thence North 57 deg. 30 min. East 48
feet to a stake, corner of lot 11 C. in
said subdivision; thence North 1 deg
45 min. East 70 feet with the line of
said lot 11 C. to a stake; thence North
88 deg. 15 min. West 104 feet to a
stake in the line of lot 6 C., said sub
division; thence South 1 deg. 45 min.
West 60 feet to a stake, corner of lot
6 C. and 10 C, said subdivision
thence South 59 deg. East 73 feet to
the beginning, containing one-fourth
of an acre, more or less.
This 13th day f November, 1918.
Theodosia Jones Kennedy,
Executrix of J. W. Kennedy, Mo-
. - Bank of Tryon,
Tot morteag and owner of
WalUr Jones, Attorney, ,
Wants us to save
011 meat, flour and sugary.using more of the
vegetables. Are we doing it? .The Govern
ment now says buy .more War Savings and
Thrift'Stamps. Have we all done our part7
We have the best of vegetables and canned
goods, also the W. S. S. and Thrift Stamps.
Buy of U3. Let us help you to
John Orr & Co.
Phone No. 14
Try on, N. C.
IKE YOUR DAY DREAMS COME TRUE
Don't merely dream of the big things you are going to doTOMORRRW
TODAY is the time for action WAKE UP to your opportunities
You have the tools of success Learn how to use them NOW IS THE
TIME and this modern school is the PLACE. Here you will get a
money making knowledge that you can acquire in no other woy.
Address Dept. E.
1 5 Haywood St.
An Ambition and a Record
'P'HE needs of the South are identical with the needs
of the Southern Railway: the trrowtb and iucccm of one meana
the upbuilding of the other.
The Southern Railway asks no faTor? no ipecial jrivilere not
accorded to others.
The ambition of the Southern Railway Company is to see that
unity of interest that is born of co-operation between the public and
the railroads: to see perfected that fair and frank policy in the manage
ment of railroads which invites the
apencies; to r.-alize that liberality of freafnent which will enable it 1
to obtain the additional capital needed for lue acquisition of better and
enlarged facilities incident to the demand for increased and better
service; and. finally
To take its niche in the body politic of th South alongside of
other Teat industries, with no more, but with equal liberties, equal
rights and equal opportunities. m
' " The Southern Serves the South." )
iThe. State and Countv
aue, ana tne books are in my hands for collection.
All tax payers are earnestly requested to meet me
on the following dates at places named and pay
The Bank of Tryon, Wednesday, Dec. 4th, 1918.
Lynn, Kunkle's store, Thursday, Dec. 5. 1918.
Joe Wilson's, Tuesday, Dec. 10th, 1918.
Leander Brown's, Wednesday, Dec. 11th, 1918.
As the law provides that levy upon property for
unpaid taxes shall .be made after November 1st,
please settle your taxes and save this unpleasant
W. C. ROBERTSON, Tax Collector.
GEO, A.- GASH
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE
Collections a specialty. Deeds
and Mortgages prepared, and
Contracts' written at reasonable
TRYON, N, C.
ASHEVILLE, N. C.
con6dence of troremmental '
taxes for the vear 1918 are
Having lately been fPPoinnftedj0S
administrator of the estate 01
Pace, deceased, all persons, n
claims against said estate are
requested to present said clmirhin
sworn -to, to the undersigned w q
twelve months from the 4in
November, 1918, otherwise
barred by statute. Also all v d
indebted to said .estate are req
to make immediate settlement
said administratrix. g
.This 15th day of November i-
LYDA ARLEDGf '