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STUGBORtl FACT.tlOT OF THEORY
:McAdoo Favors a Five-Year Test Period in Which to Prove Which
is Better Government Ownership or Private Ownership
L .tilth i'i
HVisely Regulated Under Superior Authority
r ' of FederaJ( Government 1 ?
; By W. G.' M'ADbO.
The railroad problem Is ' today one
of the . nKjsti If not the most. Impor
tant and vital domestic questions facing
the American' people. Our welfare
and prosperity depend on its proper
solution. -Therefore it is J peculiarly
. necessary that the facts regarding it
De understood cieariy; uuu n uc
tied not along partisan political lines
' nor in deference to- the prejudices of
any class ; that the American people
face the issue boldly and dispose of it
as courageously as they hay e always
done with "every basic problem they
have had to meet. - H
Xet me say immediately that I have
no pet theory to advance in discussing
4-Yi n. ontflAntanf .- nf -thn to 1 1 rvo rl : nil PC
(tlon. "At the present time I am neither
tm advocate nor an opponent of gov
ernment ownership. But while my
tendency Is' against government; own
jership and in favor of a wisely regu
lated private ownership under strong
federal control, I am frank to say that
I am not afraid of government owner
ship should, experience, gained by an
Adequate test, prove that it Is. the best
fsolution of. the problem. We are liv
ing in a ; new, day in ; America ; the
' fworld is. throwing, off. old shackles; we
'must do ; what seems - best . in view of;
ascertained facts regardless of pre
conceptions... I fttyor .a five-year test
period becausffV, ove its results will
tell us convinctiyl which Is better
government ownership orj private own
ership wisely and adequately regulated
under the superior authority of the
federal government, v v, ,
Call, Attention to Problem.
t The recent suggestion I made to the
. ' congress for , such a '. test under peace
.conditions has at least served to con-
'.centrate attention on the problem.
Many of the attacks on the plan-plaln-
. 1 1 V. Jl.i.; 1 1 1V. U.
'.V. A. il J- x ' 1 1
to misunderstanding. ,
The suggestion . most 1 generally ad
'. vanced , by, the opposition is . that the
roads be continued under government
operation for the twenty-one months
'period after, the war; as " provided by
vthe present federal control act, and
that, during that time remedial legis
lation (there Is an utter lack of agree-'
, ment on the details of such legisla-
tiori) be enacted to return the roads
to their private owners.
There are two reasons why such a
course seems to me impossible ; first,
the roads cannot be operated success
fully under the present act for twenty
one months with ? the prospect; of their
return to their owners at the end of
that time approaching nearer 'every
jday ; and second, ,no"adequa.te and fair
; remedial legislation can be obtained
within that time in view of the political-situation,
'and the lack. of -crystal--
ilization of thej thought of the nation
as. to what is the best permanent so
; lutlon. In 'discussing these two points,
, I must be frank, for the American peo
' mi pie are "entitled to frankness. This is
. thefr problem j . and .. they are goin to
settle., it sooner or later whether cer
tain' interests want them to or not.
The most serious jobstacle to going
On with the present system of federal
control ' under' existing limitations
While the ; congress .tries to work out ;
-remedial legislation is? that of morale.
Some purposely blind people appear
x to think this ah idle argument, put for
ward to bolster up a plan. They do
- not know the situation. "No man can
serve two masters." , -.
- i " . Face Stuhha'fn Cat "
' - ' . fl, j . - www . w . M W W. ,
' ' ' . . I - . . ..
. The railroad officials and employees
of the United States are only human.
If they see. the end of federal control
A- fnrlA1xr orrfranVtinrr ir5K 4-Vnt w."A.t
iuiiiui; niijium.ujuj,i niui IUC11 pUOJi"
- tlons and their future the constant'
, .subject of fpartisan political contro
versy, and v with an entirely different
system of control,. which will vitally
affect each individual employee, about.
. ' to go in effect they naturally cannot
work with undivided thought and at
the highest point of efficiency ; thCy
s ' will be thinking inevitably of the in
- terests "of the private owners whose
' . omnlnrpps thpv will snnn honrtmn nnrl
wUA . . WX.
, they will pay less and less attention
to the government officials operating
' 'private owners and of the government
clash; as they unavoidably will in
'many cases," employees will hesitate
. which interest to serve. Confulion and
- lack of. efficiency are bound to result!
This is not theory; this is a stubborn
' , fact that must be' faced. - Already
r signs ot the difficulty are beginning to
. appear.; With other forms of Industry
.this might not be . so serious, but the
-prdsperity ; and even the lives of mil--'.
lions -of Americans depend upon the
: ' discipline; and . effi ciency of the Ameri--1
. can railroadmachine . ;
v. . Then; tooiWere the effort made; to
' continue the present control under ex
. , : V isting; -legislation, the railroads, from
- -a physical .standpoint, might stand still
or even deteriorate during the twenty
' ' one mpntljs period , Without -the cW
opera ojk oi ruAirqaa, corporations,
it is jdUffiqult i under, th$ present law to,
T I carry, forward Improvements r, to ob-
tain needed equipment. 'Already many
of .the pur
chases v.'of- necessary ; equipment : for
thJ'ir account, Many of the necessary
Isirrove-iwnts. ?uch as joint terminals.
1 mil . i ' ' : :. - , :-'.; t ' : " V. .- - . - " ' ' 4. f ' ! ' -
while of great benefit to the public,
are not relished by some railroad cor
porations for competitive and there
fore selfish reasons. ' ? Such improve
ments would result . in great econo
mies, without which it probably would
be impossible to reduce passenger 'or
freight rates "during the twenty-one"
mouths r period. It is impossible to
carry forward an. adequate program
of Improvements and to . demonstrate
those ' operative economies which will
cheapen transpbrtatiph in a shorter pe
riod than five years.
Must- Keep Out of Politics.
I would prefer not to mention poll
tics in connection with this problem,
because primarily ' it Is ' an economic
question. But we must not be blind.
The American people have been dis
cus'sing the railroads for generations;
almost every man in public life has
gone on record on some phase ofthe
subject. - In 1920 there wiJl be a presi
dential election. It is idle to suppose
that under !such conditions it will be
possible during this or the next con
gress to secure calm and deliberate
consideration of the ultimate solution
of the problem, much less a fair and
adequate , permanent settlement. This
vital question', must not be settled in
the heat or passion of partisan poli
tics; it must be dealt with in the calm
of an inter-presidential election period.
Some of the opponents of the sug
gested five-year extension of federal
control appear to do so on the ground
that the operating revenues during the"
year 1918 . will be insufficient to pay
the rentals guaranteed to the owners.
They forget that most of the wage
increases granted to employees took
effect January 1, 1918, whereas the
Increased passenger and freight rates
did not go Into effect until six months
later. If increased freight and pas
senger rates had gone into effect 'Jan
uary 1, 1918, at the same time as the
wage increases, there would have been
no deficit They also forget that the
government took over the roads when
they were completely paralyzed and
when the greatest congestion of traffic
in their: history was- upon them. It
cpst the government millions of dollars
to clear up the congestion and get the
railroads running again efficiently.
They also forget that, blizzard followed
blizzard, and that It cost much money;
to overcome their effects. They for
get, too, that the p. .ce of coal, of steel,
and of other Fiinplies was far above
normal during Cr 1 past year. These
added expenses S. would have had to
be met had the rlpads continued under
private control, and to pay for them,
rates would have had to be increased.
Private operation the past year would
have failed utterly and the deficit
would have been greater perhaps than
under government management.
Economies' Can Be Effected.
Under peace conditions, and with a
period of five years of federal control
assured, it should be possible to main
tain existing wages and working condi
tibfisf an(ff o effect such economies,
that reductions' in rates, both passen-
ger ana rreignt, ougnt to. rollow, with
in a reasonable time. Unquestionably
economies can be effected under uni
fied control that cannot be practiced
under diversified control, Already the
extra charge of otve-half cent a mile
jf tmm. t . 1
ur nuiug m seeping car.s, imposea as
n mint iHMHbn.n vc Kon- w,y .w. wl
a war measure, has been removed, and
other restrictions enforced by the war
are rapidly disappearing.
Unfortunately some of the t opposi
tion to , the proposed five-year- exten
sion is based on -dissatisfaction with
service given the, public during the
war. It is argued that conditions have
been . bad, althoagh this is not true.
It can be stated as s fact, which can
not be successfully contradicted, that
service has been greatly , improved un-.
RESCUE OF AIRMEN FROM THE SEA
wmmmmmmmmmmmmmm tk $
. ' fifWV-hf-tiir iKiL'ii!hjiii'01Ciui--ZT--r'- -'-"n'n n'lLt
One of the British airplanes tawni Dart in the surrender of the GerniM
fleet came to grief and fell Into the sea. The avlatora were resraedTr 2
destroyer.and the photosraph shows the plane being haaled aboa ttf reu
Salute Brother Officer
Even Thouah Bathina - W
AVOLVU, UUl'Ui . ,( fM. ..w ... ' U,
brother - officers ; even i though
they be in the, batntuo," aeciarea .
Maj., Gen. .Clarence R. Edwards,
in. commenting on; the failure of ,
officers in the Nprtheastern ; de
partment to salute. .
' " VThe ' salute," ' General Edwards-
said, is a manifestation
of a man's, own self-respect. It
is an evidence of discipline !
der federal control, 4n spite of the. .
tremendous c demands . that the -- war
needs have Imposed. Here again it is
forgotten apparently that the railroads MaxIma LllvWff. former Bolshevik
were placed under. government control ..wnbaisador (jt London, has sent a note
for the purpose of winning the war to tg that the
against the German autocracy. . The J3olslievih. g9eWient of Russia is pre-
nrst outy was to move iruupo
P1! ilT!!! f
cjmcism oi me
pressing war need was
of soldiers were moved safely and ex
vl suiuxeia wCx ,
peditlously to e ooara,
am otur 1Z Thl was shot bja, soldier. Fraulein Lux
ships at express-train speed. The . ,ffM- rM thrown
American railroads , during the, past
tlZ - ;
But even In the conduct of ordinary ;
business, the record made by the rail-
roads shines by comparison with the
record of private control In previous
years when considered from the stand-
point of important traffic. During the
lau ui.iaio, wa.
congestion anywhere and we were still
at war. Remember the congestion on
the railroads in the crop-moving sea
sons of 1916 and 1917. Toward the
end of 1916 'conditions became so bad
that the interstate commerce commis
sion made an investigation. As a re
sult. Commissioner McChord filed a re
port in which he said that "mills have
shut down, prices have advanced, per
ishable articles of great value have
been destroyed, and hundreds of car
loads of food products have been de
layed In . reaching their natural mar
kets." Also that "long delays In tran
sit? have been the rule rather than
the exception, and the operations of
established industrial activities have
been uncertain and difficult." :
- ' Became Simple Matter.
The accommodation of passengers
in peace times, and the proper at
tention to the transportation of ordi
nary freight, become a comparatively
simple matter" once the larger ques
tions have been disposed of. No prac
tical, just and experienced man' can
honestly argue that government op
eration j5er se" has caused bad service.
Already needed trains are. being re
stored; crowded conditions are being
remedied; rules made necessary by
the war are being done away with.
I touch on such questions briefly in
order that there may be no beclouding
of the issue by the injection of false
premises. No. disaccommodation will
resmt to tne traveling or snipping pun-,
lie by the extension of the period of
lUCiUI VVUlf VM w...v VU.UVUI UiVi ViJ t-
I. n,A ,..11
IS v lie ijuci . rvioc uuu wcif wuuaiucicu
remedial legislation for the return of
the roads to private control can .be
obtained under existing conditions
within twenty-one months, and wheth-
er. even If that were possible, the
roads could be operated successfully,
economically and satisfactorily pend- y
fng the discussion by the congress
and the .country, and especially with
the 1920 presidential campaign ap- to escape 'burning oil and was drown
nrniirhinir.'' i ed. Nine otiers" were taken to hospi-
Neither contingency being possibl.
in my judgment, I see no escape from
the conclusion that the period of fed-
T" tX Z'.Z L w 7 ; .
wars sn tnnr nn nrlptiilnto toct nf nnl.
fivol pirnt,lr-l miter ho Jrl- Trx.
e.Zi 7.n f "
fied , operation may be secured under
peace, not war, conditions, and neces
sary improvements to , terminals and
other facilities b3 made, free from
partisan political influences, or the
railroads must be restored to private
Z Z no T; wr'7 chase of Loer California, the Coro
control in the near future to take -vL, nn-tr,. et,t0
their chances under the old laws and
4. - i- .
to the assumption of control by the
THE aVORLD OVER
IMPORTANT HAPPENINGS OF THI3
AND OirJlER. NATIONS FOR
8EVitN DAYtl GIVEN I
THE NEWS OF THE1 SOUTH
What It Tailing Piae In The CoutV
land jill ; Bt 'Found In
pared to cese its world propaganda
if the 'allieslwill agree to enter into
Deace neeotlitions with it
- i iit--j
Dr. Karl iHebknecht and Rosa Lux-
embuTK hav been killed. Both were
in a lierlin idtel. Doctor Liebknecht
- 1557 maS dumped
on the runng board and shot her
hfr hodv wVk! thrown into the canal.
bu it has r;otl been found.
London ailvlces are that there are
h lJiW a zeneral strike in
Qejtmy tOjavenge the death of Karl
Liebknecht ittttd Rosa Luxemburg, the
The Gerniii; Spartacan bunch is ap
parently losing its grip. The Independ
ent Socialisti,lwho charge the Sparta-
cans with being traitors, to the. middle
classes and borers, .have determined
to get rid 5fif them one way j or an
other, typicaluof the German way of
The Liondoti Central News declares
that as a result of the allied ; discus
sions in Par&'jthe whole aspect of de
mobilization .has undergone a sudden
and vital change, this, being shown in
the drastic 1 1 conditions demanded of
Germany for;; a renewal of the armis
tice. The decision is that Great -Britain,
in proportion to Its military
strength, mi maintain an army of
occupation qu i the Rhine forj many
months. . - . - .)-. .v , , j. .
Marshal Fch has presented the fol
lowing new aruiistlce terms: Retribu
tion upon all Germans for murder and
ill-treatment f&f " prisoners : stolen ma
chinery and 6ods to be given up. Ger
man gold amounting to more than one
hundred million pounds sterling to be
moved frons Berlin to a safei place;
Germany's ODO.OOO tons of . shiDDins
to be hande 'over to the allies ; any
U-boat on tbMstocks to be handed to
the allies fo disposal; no more sub
marines to b!)fbuilt
The London j Daily Mail says that the
British navyDhas provided appliances
to rob the sUbmarlnA of Ms stinehut
says that these of submarines in war
ia criminal ilnd should not be toler-
. - tfij
TA J f i"
JLOlTlCSllC : i
All American .. ships which I were
requisitioney the United States
snipping ine -waif
been release to their owners witiv the
exception of fhose actually engaged in
army service. ,
A million .dollar oil fire broke out
Philadelphia January 16. One work-
man jumpedSinto the Delaware river
Twenty-on,H individuals and seven
teen corporations, composing the
tion of Autdobile' Accessory. Jobbers
, yn. -
were placed bn trial in the federal
r, jL , ,
court at Nejr York on an indictment
returned nearly a year ago, charging
violation of; the Sherman anti-trust
A joint r solution urging the pur-
nado Islands! and portions of the state
of Sonora, Mexico, contiguous to the
Colorado rivir:' has been introduced in
the California t legislature. The reso
lution requMts congress to urge the
president td initiate negotiations with
Mexico. i l
, Statutes i "dry" states permittin;
persons to fmport or personally bring
in limited mounts of intoxicants for
tueir owu usye were in enect nuiunea
by the so-called "bone dry" amend
ment ' enacted; by congress, the Su
preme court a eld; in an opinion revers
ing the federal court for the southern
district of W&st Virginia. r f .
, Nine persons were killed and more
than a score;, injured when the Scran
ton nyer on?? j tne I'miadeipnia and
Reading railway crashed into the rear
of a DoylestfWn local train while the
latter was f fjrtlanding a quarter of a
; mile below iiort "Washington station,
fifteen milesinorth of Philadephia;
The director of the federal employ
ment servic 1 says that thousand of
Italian and Austrian war prisoners are
planning tojjfome to the United States
as : soon- as possible.- - : - J :
The distlersV committee ; recently
named j to fight national prohibition
l elected a permanent organization at
Chicago, and. ! announced the line on
which an attack through the courts
will be made: - - ,
It is reported through Red Cross cir
cles that seventy-five thousand Austri
ans' are in taly waiting the 'first-op
portunity no ; come' to the - United
States.' .:Ow. v t i
,! Two aviators of . -Carruthers Field
were killed it fort WorthTexas'when
their plane dropped Into a tail-spin and
fell five thousand feet, Two others
Were seriously injured within a few
Ratification of the federal constltu
tional prohibition amendment made the
United States ot, America the , first
great Ration, to take legislative action
' I ' " !'.- . x M
o permanently stop me uquor, ira-
flC. ' 'f -' rfX :- ' -ir f:;V O
Pour, babies were born January 9 to
Mrs. Mark Dukes, wire or a iarmer
living! near Sycamore, Ga; Mrs Dukes,
gave birth lo triplets in 1915 and-twins
ri 1917.- This is nine children, all liT
ng, : born to Mr. and Mrs. Dukes In
Ouryears..!- u n 11 i
It is announced that the distillers
will use rone billion dollars to sate .
the liquor' business" in ;'the United
States. r: -?P:Mir
The liquor interests say that in 12:
states, which have ratified the prohi
bition amendment there is a state .con
stitutional clause 'requiring ratification
by the people, which has not been
done, and that this will be one of the
counts on which they will try to save
the liquor business.'" " ,
Nebraska's vote gave the necessary
affirmative three-fourth majority of
he states to make effective, January
16, 1920, the prohibition amendment
to the United States constitution, sub
mitted by congress in December, 1917.
Under the terms of the amendment
the manufacture, sale and importation
or intoxicating liquors must cease one
year af terL ratification, hut prohibition
will be a fact in every state much
earlier because of the war measure
forbidding the manufacture and. sale of
alcoholic beverages after June 30,
until the demobilization ' of the mili
tary forces is completed. T '
A general strike of organized labor,
designed to paralyze every industry In
the country,! beginning the 4th of next
July, was decided upon by the National
Labor Congress as a means of obtain
ing a new trial for. Thomas J. Mooney
and . Warren Billings' if f ederal inter
vention and every other means adopt
ed to procure the desired relief fail.
The raising of one million dollars .was
authorized to carry, on a campaign of
education to' liberate labor leaders and
to promote the- proposed strike. C:
Switchmen and other employees of
railroads not members of one of the
Big Four" brotherhoods are not enti
tled- to pay on a basis ot eight hours
a day under
the provisions of the Ad
according to a decision
handed down at Memphis, Tenn., by
Judge; John i E. McCall ,in the United
States district court for the western
district of Tennessee.
In taking !up Henry Ford's petition
contesting-the election of Truman H.
Newberry to the senate from Michigan
the senate election committee decided
to hear all evidence in open session.
This means jthat the sessions wni be
open to the public, and it is hinted-
that much political history will come
to light. j
Senator Smith of South Carolina
is urging President Wilson to lift .the
embargo on cotton. He says he 'has
taken this action because he f pars
the present j session of congress will
be unable to1 amend the futures act.
Another appropriation : of five hun-
dred million or more will be asked of
congress soon by Director General
Hines for the railroad administration's ;
revolving fund to be used mainly, in
extending loans to railroads tot cover
the extensive program of improve-'
ments and extensions for which more
than a billion dollars probably will be
spent this year,
Federal ownership, operation or reg
ulation of public and semi-public utili
ties is recommended in the report of
the committee on reconstruction of the
American Federation of Labor made
public-In "Washington after its approv
al by the federation's executive coun
cil.' - :'-k::
The American Federation of Labor
is out in a statement favoring govern
ment ownership of wharves and. docks,
federal legislation to prevent child la
bor and equality in pay for men and
There are rumors of an Impending
itbreak of f a revolution' in Holland.
Nine persons are known' to have
been killfed and about fifty injured by
the explosion of a huge tank of mo
lasses on the water front off Commer
cial street, in Boston A trolley freight
car on the streets was blown from the
tracks. Wagons, carts ; and motor
trucks were j overturned. A number, of
horses were killed. The street was
strewn with debris, intermixed with
molasses, and all traffic was stopped.
Scores of ambulances army, navy,
police, hospital and Red Cross were
kept busy for a long while.
Dr. Itodriquez Alves, president-elect
of Brazil, died ; January 16. He had
been critically ill for some' time. , Ah
election will be held at once to deter
mine his successor.
Appropriation - of one hundred mil
for' famine relief In Eu
of Germany 'has been ap
proved by the houser which passed the
administration measure after its en
actment had been urged . anew, by
President Wilson, as the only effect
ive means, of combating the westward
spread . of Bolshevism, x The bill now
goes to the senate, where its early
passage is planned. Party Unes - were
effaced in the house debate and vote.
T3y a .vote of 50 to 21 the senate
adopted a resolution recommended by
a majority of the privileges and elec
tions committee, dismissing disloyal
charges against Senator La Follette of
Wisconsin: iThe,resolution said the
speech; upon which the charges were
based did not justify lany action by the
senate,.. . ...k", v .-:-:-:4
Demobilization ; ot all; combat nnltn
in.the United' States has been ordered.
This means that every .unit .In , the
army in .tne ? United StateswiththflL
exception of two regular regiments
held for police duty at each camp, ht
been ordered demobilized.
STATESMEN) DRAWING TOGETH.
! ER ON 8TRUCTURE TO HAVE
SUPPORT OF ALL.
BRITISH LARGELY AFFECTED
Rejects Theory of Super-Sovereignty
of an International Police) Force;
Early Return to Normal (state.
; Paris. The plans for a league of na
tions have been reduced to j very defi
nite formi The general indications are
that the statesmen of the principal
nations are steadily drawing together
on a structure which: will have the
eoipport of all. ;J
It is understood that the general
plan which is now most approved in
substance by all the parties concerned"
rejects- the theory of the 'super-sovereignty
of an', international police
force. It also contemplates the wok
ing out, as the development of the
league progresses, of the most delcate
queistion of all disarmament which
particularly affects the British navy.
The , same principle, it is proposed
shall apply to the othei nations asso
ciated in the war against Germany.
-I Such a plan will delegate to various
cimimissions and committees detailed
problems which shall be reported
with; recommendations to the league
itself . The probability of such a plan
being '.adopted justifies previous fore
easts that the principal aocoonplish
ments of the peace conference as it
now sits in Paris will be agreement,
on broad general principles, leaving
the details to be applied in accord,
therewith and the making of a pre
liminary peace which will return the
world at the earliest moment possible
to 'its normal status.
KAISER LEGALLY 'RESPONSIBLE
FOR CRIMES OF WORLD WAR.
Paris. Some points in the reports
' to .which Mr Clemenceau referred,
u?u uti uv uau wusultw lw"
ein1 iists 011 the penal respon-.
.of the former German em-
Peror. were made public, . The report
was drawn up by Ferdinand Larnaude,
lean 01 m ans law Jew. ano vr.
A: ae L,apraaeue' Proie&sor ot
1 nfcaxs 01 nations in me same iacuny.
lll& object of tne. inquiry was to
vestigate from a purely judicial
if .the crimes committed by the-
merman government ana army in-
volved the Penal responsbility of the
former German emtperdr, what tri-
'ounal ' snould judge him and whether
nls extradition could be demanded,
Tne two French jurists prove that
extradition of the former German
nuleir cannot be refused, as he is . not
a Poetical refugee. The report says :
- lt anti-judicial ? to assimilate
'ViPar wlta: conspiracy. ,: crimes of war
crimes , of pu-blic law and interna-
KING GEORGE BEREAVED
BY DEATH OF HIS SON-
London. Prince John, the young
est son of King George, died at Sand
ringham." , He had been ill for some
time. - , 1'-- ,. ' ; ; - . " -"
The prince was possessed of ex
uberant spirits. He was the prime
favorite of all classes and the 'idol of
the servants 'and tenants at Windsor.
It j Is said that ho was the favorite
brother of Princess Mary who loved
to romp with him. The prince was
born at Sandrigham July 12, 1905.
TURKISH LIBERALS SEND
. DELEGATES TO PARIS.
Geneva, The congress of Turkish
ibeirals assembled in this city dele
gated Chiefic Pasha to attend the
Paris peace conference and given
him full power to act. He has been.
Instructed to present the - rights and
claims of the Turkish people and also
tot take up the question of food for
Turkey. At the opening of the. Turk
ish congress telegrams were dispatch
ed to President Wilson and Premiers
Clemenceau, Lloyd . George and Or-
C2ECH0-SL0VAK TROOPS '
! WANTED BY RUSSIANS.
Seattle, Wash. If help is not forth
coming at 1 once any government set
up, in Russia wlil fail, declared
Madame Catherine".. Breshkvskoysky,
known" as the "Grandmother of the
Russian revolution," who arrived here.
Czech 0-S16vak, - rather than .', allied
troops, are wanted In;Russia, she de
clared. ',; "The coming : of Cxechp
Slovak soldiers would be welcomed,
by the ", people ' as they would wel
come the coming of Christ,"' she said.
ORGANIZATION OF 75,000
EXPRESSMEN IS LAUNCHED
' Ilkhmond, " Va! Amalgamation ot
expressment and .the express division
,of the Brotherhood . ot . Railway
Clerks;" the ' two organizations having
ar combined membership v.. of more
than1 75,000,-was announced here . flo
iowing a " five-day v executive session
ot : dflegates representing the two or
ganizations. ' " '
Richmond will be executive head
Coarten for the nerr orgahizatoni.