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Polk County news and the Tryon bee. (Tryon, Polk Co., N.C.) 1915-1920, January 31, 1919, Image 6

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GAS MEN PMY A? BIG: :. i;SMRT;iM?WIIlMG:iM Tcr Thousand Soldiers Toll at uTtmlung Out Shells to Rout Germans W ARE INJURED AT WORK l&gewood Arsenal i In Maryland Won Place of Leack'-ship Over Allies In . Scfefrtffic Progress and Dead - Cness of Output Gas Fac-"- - .' tory City In Itself. EaTtfmore, Md. While the men who lar been working In shipyards and munition plants have received' just, praise for their fulfillment of patriotic iaty. there Is an army of men 10,000 strong who - have worked faithfully, rarefullj screened from public notice, yerfwuiing some of the most impor tant work of the war, work which was tersely responsible for the early sign tag etf the armistice, who have re rrnred no Recognition at all. .Day after day they -have secretly wrorked In the manufacture of the pol xaaoss gases .which routed the Huns and Impressed upon the Germans the tStagenirity and resourcefulness of , the American brain. These men of the Edgewood arsenal stayed on .American soil, never had the aacrttranent of an ocean voyage or ad froture in: a foreign country or the ftatrorship pf those who have been awnrrseas, and yet while staying right to this country they ran greater risks fbao many of the men on the firing Ene. V'-'-.i . - .' .J'--. -- 330 at One Time . In Hospital. .The . hospital at Edgewood is now eipcjrfed by . 300 men who have been C93sed: or burned while about their exttffitrys . work. " There have been as tTTEar heroes at Edgewood as oh tli Satllefield. Then is in the hospital a ,thie-eyed boy In early manhood, ansSnff bravely "throucrh scars which srre today as vivid as the first day, BBOoths ago, when they brought him, writhing bit of humanity, to the hospital. Nor is he the only oneV There acre others, some of whom have been gassed twice and thrice and are today fcrrafided in Colorado, having devel ped tuberculosis. ' . 1 Handreds "of others are maimed" and 33 always bear the marks of their sacrifice for Uncle Sam, which they garre so gladly without any of the tflory.. stripes, promotion or encourage- aseat given to the men in the camps M3& trenches. - '.., Ibe signing of the armistice has mse&e ft possible for the public to have tie': first insight into the vast work -wiuku ixns ueeu. accunipusnea at ' ine SEsSSSE-wood arsenal, (' where has been osK&xtfactured and shipped safely tnrer there more gas than has- been mfr by England and - France com taaed. Par removed from prying eyes, .E3ffl vwbJch will go down .: in history aw among, the greatest achievements of Cte war. j.v V'v'-v - : Gaa, Factory: a City in Itself. Where on "October 24. 1917. stnnri n 16are; waste of forest now stands what Zx s small manufacturing, town nnd n ity fa Its'; activities. - Great chemical giants bare risen with lightning rapid Sty: There are the chlorine, phosgene, eb!orafin and mustard gas plants, and Csca down near the water the large fSTias plant -where the big shells were Sled with deadly poisons and sent on Gsmr errand of freeing humanity. aafeewood arsenal covers a tract of SEO acres, adjoining its companion CTnUL the- STent "ilherdfien 'rrrTrtrcr gycrazvds where the biggest of the big tpms were tried out that were de signed to smash the strongest of Ger "saBa fortifications. At the arsenal CtVJm- rwtnrlta-'it was frmfirtanlir two- 2rtS, ' would be more effectively se BredL and " certainly at smaller hu- ssaa cost, by the gas products which PRESIDENT WILSON MIMUUJIUUIIU "lUjyWWliWmgOaWltUJWMM Wll.JlL.Vjk.- in f?"fef Ji - i ill - rvsuwm Wiisoii hihI Ain,e. Polncure, wife of the French president, head- procession lenvlnR th railway station at Paris: resldent PoIncar fa cimrn.hehind President Wilson wii Mrs. Wilson!" .Wtar? S It was confidently declared would smother the Metz forts. Upon these 300 acres have been con structed a large number of Immense chemical plants with the necessary ad juncts, all on an extensive scale, con nected by 35 miles of railway, oper ated . by United States army crews, working three shifts a day. , At.' first It was attempted to run ttie arsenal with civilian labor) .but .the. h&rdous character of the employment made this class of employee so uncertain, al though fancy wages were offered, that it. became necessary to use enlisted men exclusively throughout, the plant. The result has been that work of a highly specialized nature and extra hazardous has been done by men re ceiving from $30 a month up, and un der rigorous military discipline. The research laboratory work of the arsenal has been highly fruitful and the gases of the Germans are said to be mild in comparison with the more terrible products of Edgewbod, of which the Germans had only got a foretaste when the armistice was signed. - .: j "Came to Teachr Remain to Learn."' Two experts, Colonel Auld and Cap tain Ha nkar, one sent from England and the other from France, tp aid In the establishment of toxic gas plants, said on leaving: ."We came to teach, but we remain to learn." The Central Construction corpora tion received a contract in October, 11917, for the construction of a gas shell filling plant at Edgewood, under the Immediate v supervision of Capt. (now Lieut. Col.) Edwin M. Chance, then connected with the ordnance de partment. It soon became quite evident that more than one gas shell filling unit would be required. It was jalso ap parent that, experimental work neces sarily had to be carried on ini connec tion with construction on a somewhat elaborate scale in the first unit, both of which circumstances caused the pressure on the. entire situation to be rapidly increased, hence the contract or's organization, as well as ;the mili tary personnel, began to Increase rap idly early In the present year, until at the height of its operation j the con struction corporation had approximate ly 6,000 men in its employ; new camp buildings and mess halls vere con structed at top speed. j When we saved salt last winter we helped swell the amount needed for the making of chlorine, of which it is the foundation. This plant produced 100 tons of chlorine and 112 tons of fused caustic soda a day, making one of the largest single plants of its kind in the co.untry. For the first time vis- M'NULTYS' DEEDS WIN THEM LASTING FAME Washington. What's in the name McNulty? L , . The encyclopedia is silent concern ing Its origin, but two marines of that name, who probably did not even know one another, had ljyes that were near ly parallel to one another, and both distinguished themselves as heroes on the battlefields of France. Which is indicative that the same fighting blood courses to the veins of these McNultys from an ancestry that was doubtlessly Irish. . . ; Their names were nearly alike -Thomas John McNulty and John Mc Nulty. They were both in the be ginning of their forties they were both, in the marine corps rthey were both first sergeants and both had seen 19 years of service under the Stars and Stripes. Moreover, both fought, in the same battles in France and both were seriously j wounded. And the climactic result of this strange AND MME. POINCARE I - Silk Stockings Banished $ $ in Kansas Gymnasium. J Lawrence, Kan.Silk; stock-, tjj S Ings are a thing of the past In ft ft the women's gymnasium of .Kan- A sns here, the ban having been M ft one of the first rules placed by the authorities recently Here- V ltors a party of business men were allowed through the. plant last week and they saw one of the commonest of; table supplies,, salt, being .made Into one of the most fatal poisons. This chloric gas passes from 3,552 electro lytic cells, Is dried by sulphuric ;acld and. pumped to- the chemical plants. Dry . chloric gas is bubbled Into the common sulphur In tanks and becomes a basic raw material In the production of mustard gas, which -was vone of the j deadliest weapons used . to win the . war. ' ':-'' Then there is , the phosgene plant ' Here coke is received by rail and -burned by a common steam boiler. ; Pure oxygenl obtained from liquid air '; and carbon dioxide, are passea logeui et through red-hot coke producing car bon ' monoxide. Dry chlorine gas and carbon monoxide are suitably mixed, and by passing: over a catalyzer, con verted to form gaseous phosgene. The liquid phosgene is filled Into one-ton containers for overseas shipment and was the gas most largely used in the war. Chlorpgorln, one of the commonest war gases is another product of Edge wood and was produced at the rate of 30 tons a day. Filing plants are another Important feature of the arsenal. Here shells are received by rail and Inspected. Phosgene, chlorpgorln and mustard gas are received from the chemical plant. Other war gases are obtained from outside plants by -rail. The capacity of these plants is more than 125,000 containers a day. The ventilation is such that men in direct contact with the liquid gas are not required to" wear masks. The filled shells are returned from -filling machines and are classi fied by weight and stored one day as a test for leakage. They are then paint ed gray and striped, the numbers and colors of the stripes Indicating the na ture of the gas within the shell. Here the drums, whose range is approxi mately 1,700 yards, are filled with the fatal gases. ' The grenades are filled by hand with stannic chloride and are used especially in clearing ; dugouts. Others are filled "with white phosphor US and are Used In the production of smoke screens In connection with the concealment of troops. parallel was that both distinguished themselves as heroes almost at the same time. John was awarded the distinguished service cross and Thom as was cited for distinguished service. But here 'the parallel ceases and things begin to. take opposltes. Thom as John enlisted In San Francisco, and It was at the other side of the conti nentNorfolk,, Va. that John enlist ed. Thomas John was born in Amer ica and John in England. Thomas John was first sergeant of the Sixty sixth company of marines and John was the first sergeant, of the Seventy seventh company, j It was in the marines' ; great fight at Belleau, Wood that First Sergt. Thomas John McNulty won his fame and subsequent citation. He led his company of men In a daring charge across a field of poppies against Bel leau Wood, whence German machine guns poured death into their midst. His grim shouts of encouragement cheered them v on to vio:ory until his voice was Silenced by lend and he fell seriously wounded amid the blossoms. But his was a hardihood that could not die by any sudden means. Upon his recovery he joined ,a replacement battalion and was in the heat of sub sequent battles up to the time tho armistice went Into effect. He has a father,; Patrick McNulty, living at No 1013 Bennet street, Scranton, Pa. Extraordinary Heroism. First ' Sergt, John McNulty was awarded his. cross for- extraordinary heroism in the fighting between Blanc Mont and Saint Etienne. Under a heavy artillery and machine-gun fire that rolled forward with a German counter-attack he. stuck by his machine gun. "Every man of hivgun crew was shot down. beside him, but he stuck. Shot after shot burrowed its way Into his vitals, but still he stuck to his ma chine gun with . a tenacity - that could only be broken with death and a, re gard that he did not hare for his life. It was at a moment whea it seemed that "his iron power of will was soon to have no living body to direct tha the German attack was beaten off, and First Sergeant McNulty laid his ; head on the ground exhausted. Even then he stuck by his gun, and it was only when ordered to the rear by his com mandlng .officer that he finally retired. "He was" an inspiring example to his men," according to memoranda in con nection' with hir being - awarded th distinguished service cross. - His mother is Mrs. Jane A. Wilson; who lives at No.1 45 Dn WnwT ! Revere, Mass. " - - mm . . - . - i ft rafter all girls in the gym classes must wear cotton stockings. The tjr new rule Is made in the interest ft ft of uniformity, economy and de- p & mocracy. 1 - ." -,; A FOUtlDED HALF A CENTURY AGO National Prohibition Party Organ : v ized in Chicago by 500 Delegates. EARLY STANDARD BEARERS Eighteenth Amendment Has Never Been Favored py Leader Because of Odds of 10 to 1 Against J ' ;,---v-- Ita'jPasaage. ' r The National Prohibition party Is Just fifty yearsojd, its semi-centennial falling on September i, 1919. It was born in Farwelf hall, Chicago. The convention numbered about 500 per sons from 19 states. v x The formation of. the party was probably first -discussed In public at a Pennsylvania! state temperance con vention in 186tr Temperance ; leaders had failed to et much "consideration from the Republican and Democratic parties and were feeling the need of Independent action. The Good Tem- James Black. . frn ' ' - ; plars, an .orderj of total abstainers or ganized In 185iat Utica, N. Y., were also working to this end. ; i The call fbf jthe Chicago convention originated May 29, 1869, in the grand lodge of . the Good Templars at Oswe go, N. Y.,' which appointed a committee to convene aft national gathering tp organize a political party favorable to prohibition legislation. This commit tee consisted dflJohn Bussel-W Detroit, Mich.; Daniel Wllklns, Bloomington, 111.; J. A. Spencer, Cleveland, O. ; John N. Stearns, New York, and James Black, Lancaster Pa. At this conven tion the party j was organized, a plat form was adopted arid a national com mittee was appointed, with John Rus sell chairman; mm! The first ,'natlonaf nominating con vention assemhled In Columbus, O., on Washington's birthday, 1872.. It named James Black for president and John Russell for; vice president. Black was one of the! founders of the Na tional Temperance Society and Pub lication house, an organizer of the fa mous Ocean jGrove (N. J.) Camp Meeting assocfatlon and a prominent Good Templar, Upon his death in 1893 he left his "temperance library' of 1,200 volumes to the National Tem perance society! Russell, the "Father of, the Prohibition party," was Meth odist minister fund a leading Good Templar. Hlsi newspaper, the Penin sular Herald, was the first to advocate the formation 4 of - a separate, political party for prohibition, v .. ;, Notwithstanding the worthiness of the cause and the candidates,, the pub He support at the election of 1872 was not enthusiastic: The total of the votes received by Black ; and Russell was but 5,607. In 1876 Greett Clay Smith of Ken tucky and Gideon T. Stewart of Ohio were the candidates. They polled 9,737 votes. In 1880 Neal Dow of Maine, with H. iA. Thompson of Ohio as running mate, - appealed to the country. General Dow was widely known as the author of the Maine pro hibition law, but he succeeded In get: ting only 10,366 votes. . - , Candidates; and Their Vote. The Prohibition convention of 1896 split the party .over woman suffrage and money. The "free silver" minor ity formed a Liberal party, with Bent Jey of Nebraska and Southgate of Illinois; as its standard-bearers. They polled about 13.Q00 votes. The feature iof the Prohibition cam paign of 1900 was a tour of the coun try by the candidates and a corps of speakers by sp'ecial train. In 1C12 the - Prohibition '.convention renom inated the candidates of 1908. The candidates' since .1884 and their, vote are as follows .'. D; i888. CllntonB. FIsk, New Jersey, and J.A. Brooks, Missouri, 249,945 votes. r ' - '. . iM892, John Bidwell, CaUfornia, and J. B. Cranfill, ?Texas, 270,710 votes. ? 1896, - Joshua : Levering, Maryland, and , Hale Johnson, Blinds,; 130,753 votes, - 's:vA;:Jr-- ; '- f':, r!900 John a Woolley. Bllnois.: nnrt H. B. MetcalfRhode ; Island, 209,469 votes. ... .? - - , , V ,1904, a wallow,- Pennsylvania, and,. George . B Carroll, Texas, 25805 .votes..,. -v; - ... ; . 1908, Eugene W. Chafln,. Illinois, and 4aron S. Watklns, Ohio, 25331 votes. 1912, Eugene W. Chafln; Arizona, ( and Aaron S. ?yatklns, Ohio, zusws 191 6i -J.; Frank Hanley,; Indiana arid ! Dr. Ira Landrlth, Tennessee, 214,340 votes, , ! ' '" -; i I - The. iNational " Prohibition . party, curiously enough,' has been . rather op posed to ' prohibition by constitutional amendment. InMhe last Year book (1916) we read: "Although the Prohibition- party may be said to be committed by plat form declaration to the adoption of a national prohibition amendment, when placed In power, the program of the party has i never contemplated agita tion for a f nonpartisan amendment to beenforced by administrations ;not fa-' vorable to- prohibition. . . i The general opinion seems to favor admit-, ting the desirability of the amendment as the end to be accomplished, at the same time emphasizing, its impracti cability as a method, and denying Its necessity as a condition precedent to securing national prohibition. ' . . The odds are so overwhelmingly against the ratification of an amend ment that they cannot possibly be overcome through any reasonable ex penditure of time, money and effort so long as the liquor traffic exists to fight for its life." The National Prohibition party Is certainly right about the apparent odds against the adoption by congress of a constitutional amendment 1 and Its ratification by the states. There have" been 1,757 'amendments to the Constitution proposed and 18 of them have been passed. Herein lies the mar vel of the ratification of the eighteenth amendment In about thirteen months. It has been figured that the chances against the passing"bf an amendment are 10 to 1. The case is put thus: The chances against ratification are 2 to 1 in the house of representatives, ' and 2 to 1 in the senate, and, there- j fore 4 to 1 in congress. s That; is: ; Should the" measure pass either house ' by unanimous vote, the one-third op position in . the other house would ; block it in congress as a whole; In other words, the resolution must be supported on the two chances in each house, while If the opposition scores; on its one chance in either house, the measure fails. - The chances in the state legislatures are 6 to 1 against the resolution ; hence, in the congress and the legislatures combined the... chances are 10 to 1 against passage. In other words, the measure might pass both houses of congress unani-, mousiy, and be defeated as a whole by the one chance In the states. It might ? pass either house of congress and all of the legislatures unanimously, and be defeated by the one chance in the other house of congress. ' . St. John Makes a Stir.- :" John P. St. John was the first Pro-" hibition party candidate to make a real stir In the political world. What he did In the . campaign of 1884 was long remembered. St. John was born in Indiana and in the Civil war was lieutenant-colonel of the One Hundred and Forty-third regiment, Illinois vol unteers. He was twice elected gov ernor of Kansas on the Republican ticket; and was defeated for re-election to this office in 1882 by anti-prohibition Republicans, who thought him too warm a friend of the temperance cause. Frances E. Wlllard and a delega tion of women presented an enormous petition to. the Republican national convention, urging consideration for the prohibition forces. I The story of that time was that the petition was: not only laid on the table but thrown , John P. St. John. onthe floor, where.it was found' the next rday, much" the worse for wear. , r Anyway, Miss Willard took , her grievance to the ' Prohibition "party. The Prohibition party- offered the nomination for president to St. John, with William Daniel of Maryland for vice president. St. John accepted the nomination. ;He was an effective speaker and campaigner and he went out after- blood and especially Re publican blood. . He - carried : the war Into New York, considered a "doubt ful" state in the exciting : atrugEle of ! that campaign between James G. Blaine and Grover Cleveland. . j . St. John jumped the Prohibition vote i- from 10,366 votes v to 150,626 votes; What is more, he polled eno'ueh vofpa in New - York to defeat the "Plumed t Knight" In that state and, as "it iwucu uui, u ui,nauoD. xne reel ing of the time 7 is indicated by the fact : that StT: John was burned in effigy In morei than 100 cities. - , ; irfPfcdVZD UNlTORtt CTtt MATIONAI, . Lesson (By Rev. P.' B. FITZW ATER,D. D., Teacher of English Bible ln t& Moody Bible iMtitute of Chicago.) 1 (Oopyrtht,'l818. Westen Ntwaptper Union.) LESSON FOR FEBRUARY 2 THE GIVING OF THE MANNA. LESSON TEXT Exodus 18:1-36. i GOU3EN' TEXTr-43ive i us : this day our ially bread. Matthew 6:1L , AD.DITIONAL, MATERIALr Deut. 1:1 t0; John 6: 6L PRIMART TOPIC God's fift of food tx. l:ll-ll. . V..:- JUNIOR TOPIC Dally j food In the dea- rt. Memory Verses Matt 6:21, 26. INTERMEDIATE TOPIC-Our dependence upon God. daily SENIOR AND ADULT TOPIC Poverty and providence in our day. 1. Lusting for the 1 Flesh Pota of Eflypt (16:1-36). . 1. Murmuring: against Moses and Aaron (w. 1-3). 1 , As they Journeyed from Ellm Into the great wilderness they became con scious of the scarcity 'of some of the things they hid enjoyed even in Egyp tian slavery. Only a' few days ago they were' 'singing God's praises for their wondrous, deliverance at the Red Sea (Ch. 15) .' , Now at the' beginning of their privation they are murmur ing. They utterly lack spiritual per ception. ; They were aj free people on the way to their own land. What did it matter, with such a prospect, though' they were a bit hungry? This complaining showed a base in gratitude and was most dishonoring to God.' Unthankfulness is a algn of heart corruption (Rom. 1:21). . 2. God's answer to L their murmur Ings (vv. 4-12). (1). He promised to rain bread from heaven (vv. 4, 5). His purpose in this was to teach them that "man doth not live by bread alone, but by .every; word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the Lord." (Deut. 8:3). The manna was given by God, but the people must gather it. (2) He promised to give them a vision of his glory (w. 6-10). This served as a warning and an en couragement. Despite their murmur- fn f ncnln5t him Yt IrtTlfp thm tn come near unto him. "Wonderful grace that sinful, ungrateful men should be permitted to come near to God I (3) Flesh and bread promised (vv. 11, 12). God answered the cravings of the people, by giving them; quails and man na to eat. . How gracious Is our God I II. Quails and Manna Given (16 : 13-15). At the appointed time God gave the Israelites the promised food. . He first allowed thenr- to f feel Hheir need, to show that man's highest need is to be lieve God and rely upon, him for all needs (Deut. 8:2, 3 ; Matt. 4:3, 4). ue then displayed his glory, showing that he was able and willing to supply their need- if they would 'obey him. 1. In the' evening the quails came up. (. 13). - J v ..J ; Since they desired flesh he ga.v them hsh to eat. This is an e..amf le o"f the patience and long-suffering of God. How he caters to the whims of his vacillating children I 2. In the morning; God gave the manna (w. 14, 15). j The Israelites did not know what it was. They exclaimed: "What is it?" Moes told' them It was the bread which the Lord had given them to eat. 111. The Responsibilities of 4he lev raelitea (16:16:31). . j I. .They must gather a , certain ration dally (v. 16 cf v. 4). ! : p This was to test their faith. They must look to him for their dally bread (Matt. 6:11). , 2. Every man waa to gather for bim elf (v. 16 cf v. 20). The manna typified CJhrlst (John6: 83, 51). As each .man was to. gather for himself so each one must appro priate, Christ for himself. 3. The manna must be gathered fresh every morning (v. 21). , ; J This was . to be done early, before the sun- was up. Christ, our . manna, should be taken each day, and the first thing in the day (John 6: 57). j 4. They must not gal one day's supply (vv.j her in excess iof 18. 20). I That which was in excess of the day's supply became corrupt. Chrs-; Mano orVirnM molro no nf thp fift-a ho. stowed by, God, God's graces are only Mnv1 tx vn e-vv A 11 CA - I 5. The manna must be eaten to pre serve life. , V:j Thpv wprp In thpT wlldornKS sn mnld onlv live bv eatins of the food which God . gave. In the wilderness of this world ionly those who feed upon hrist, the true manna, have eternal life (Jphn 6:50. 51). j 6. Due consideration! should be given to the Sabbath k day . (vv. 22-31). lA double portion was to be gathered the day before. v ' "I " IV. Manna Kept as a Memorial (16: 82-36). ; - : : , This was to be kept as a reminder pf God's favor In supplying them with tread In the wilderness for forty years. Help From Nature. Study. 'The study of nature Is well pleasing ' to God, and is akin to prayer. Learn- In? the la ws - of nature, we ' ma crn If v the first inventor the . designer . of the world; and we learn to love' him. for great love of God results, from great knowledge.; Leonardo da .Vinci. ' " ' Think First Upon God. ' In the morning, when you awake, ac custom ' yourself ;'to ; think first Upon God,' or something In order to, his serv Ica ; and ' at' night, also,. let him close das eyes.Jeremy Taylor. , Amy

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