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POLK COUNTY NEWS, TEYON, N. 0.
8TAMT UNITED' STATES: TO TAKEi. ' .
J7IPS0VEO tCTOEIl HTES!fATIO!tA& -
Days Gone Bv
ON SOME . OF GERMAN COLONIES
i. V. t :
aBBBi i 1
I . :
i : 'J-
filing in England That America
Aloofness and Assume Administration of Part of Cap
tured Lands New Form of Colonial Control
By LLOYD A
Special Staff Correspondent
Oypyrlght, Western Newspaper Union.)
. lwMlon. MW1U AmeHca be' willing
tt take on some of tlie German col
osiirs or Turkish posi sessions In the
Tbat is n-question that is uppermost
fei the tninds of a large section of the
renting class of England. Men who
t ltd British, political thought for
jears believe that we "should assume
aome the responsibility of governing
She lamls captured frbm the Germans
xad Tiirks' as jone leading British
yebuTldk told me; rece ntly. There is a
JiwAe renson back of this idea. '
Ffrstj of all, America is an English
peating nation that can be trusted-to
SM&siBister' wisely . and well the desti
jaSes.OTja less-enlightened people.
- Secondly, "it is only through actual
fcttTtJefpctlon in the responsibilities of
fiat&fo after far-away colonies that
''Amatricp T'can ever appjreciate the true
start ctf mind of the British people of
all t3a$sesf upper, middle and lower, on
tfeKeate subject of empire,w it Is
TjSateff by several prominent propa-
Division of Colonies.
At this stage of. the .peace negotia-
tStsas tjhe question of dividing the col--vstirs
is a matter on which no public
msn f4 anxious to go on record. But
HBiabfflkfally r the subject is attracting
:rftte attention. Too
are Jnyolved to invite
vassSon. There are
that mpst first be solved: The Hmita
cet of j armaments, freedom of the seas
anrd aove all other subjects, forina
i2fca of a league of pations. . Once
tffeese are disposed of the colonial knot
win probably be quickly cut.
-. I fsj with. implicit faith In the ulti
vaate outcome of thee basic affairs
t&at the Intelligent Briton outlines his
. tteHef Qat America, if she is to remain
.'9S a leading factor in world politics,
mast go into the colony business.
Sbould such a course be embarked
kb by the United States, should we
fttfcfV fpr instance, the administration
. tf Ptdejstine and Armenia and possibly
aoaae.of the former German lands In
South Jlfrica. if woulJ, be put on the
aasne- platform that the best elements
Sa Zrgland accept for India ; namely,
Sat sooner or later India will develop
& a dominion capable of self-govern-HBetrLilke
Canada and Australia, and
most then be given eery freedom to
dtetermpe her own destiny.
Tt1nme principles would apply to
stipject African states ultimate
2nredom to choose whether or not the
36 tJbat bind to the mother country
wrast be cut, or allowed to-remain.
Aaswerable to League of Nations.
Tteoinrgh all the days of American
aricainitratlon and it is admitted
mnj of these days would prove irk-
and expensive America would
Be answerable to the league of nations
.flnr Berj actions in the territory held in
Urosit, 'jktst as the other
rs; England, France ajid Italy, will be
aisrwerable to the leaeue of nations
any maladministration of subject
peoplesj - ; . I
Ha. brief, intelligent England is rec
3mHn"injiTng for world k?onslderation a
, new fojin of colonial cbntrol, with the
.flfcffng that the world has outgrown
tfte tfajts when a Spanish tyrant could
fcnawie Cuba, or a
wsMB government could
les in Ssouth Africa.
Tnere is In America a somewhat
areneTaE belief that th average Brit
,2aa citizen takes great pride in the
Sargv colonial possessions of his coun
.ttx; t&at he gloats with much satls
Bttico over the fact that Great Brit
ain eoiitrols something like one-auar-
er f the inhabitable portions of the
i Oar ideas on this subject are not
Is a large ele-
xncat iir the citizenship of this coun
try thalt Is dead againbt the proposal
Qo acquare any more tefritorial posses-
setoans. in xact, among the Labor party,
wiifcfc Is showing unusual strencth
:: J . ' .7 ...
Should Discard j Her Traditional
DOWNED 12 HUN PLANES
Lieut. A. O. Lillicrap of Evansville,
Ind., was one of the many officers who
have returned to this country. Lieu
tenant Lillicrap was with the One Hun
dred and Twenty-third French escra-
drille for seven months and was later
transferred to the (One Hundred and
Ninety-sixth aerial squadron of 1 the
American forces, to which command
he Svas attached for four months.. He
has 12 Boche planes to his credit. Dur
ing one battle between a fleet of 28
American planes and 60 German planes
60 bullets found their way to his plane
and he landed with great difficulty, his
landing gear having been shot away
by enemy shrapnel.!
these days, there is a firm conviction
that India must soon be allowed to
say what her government shall be.
j Problems to Be Solved.
Here we have another side of the
problem that many predict will be
solved by providing for enlightenment
of the uncivilized colonial peoples, and
by Introducing Into colonial government
a number of reforms prohibition of
the j?ale of alcohol to natives, first of
all, and next the establishment of wel
fare "departments calculated to better
the living conditions of the natives.
Much effort is being expended here
in England to start fundamental re
forms in thfe attitude toward the col
onies. Booklets are being issued and
are just off the press. One entitled
"Windows of Freedom" carries an in
troduction by Viscount Grey.
"America's Place j .In World Govern
ment" Is given considerable space. It
is strongly pointed l out that "none of
the territories outside Europe de
tached by this war! fronr the German
and Turkish empires can In the near
future; provide peace, order and good
government for themselves. How to
..." i - . - . . i
ssgfsgs w l: f
BRITISH PRISONERS STARVED BY THE GERMANS
" ",ue"- UOe nol ae,.p aerman !?
provide government for .these terri
tories is the most difficult of the qties
tions which the conference tias to face.
From a hundred lips and pens the
answer will come that the solution fies
in international control. The league of
nations will solve the problem. j
The booklet then emphasizes I that
the league of nations, in Itself, cannot
provide actual government, for. the Col
onies : that government Tnust be jfur
nlshed by one of the associated pw"
ers; acting in a way as agent for the
league of nations and of course respon
sible tp the league.
Freedom Is Secured.
"The control of the' four continents
has fallen, or Is now falling, to ithe
free peoples of the earth," the; booklet
with the Viscount Grey Introduction
states, and by that control the" exist
ence of freedom Is secured, nojt only
In Europe, but also In America andv
Australia. - i . ; V f
"But what Is the effect of this vic
tory to be on Asia, Afrlda and the
scattered remnants of prlmltie so
ciety who 'Inhabit a hundred pacific
isles? In the end the effect must be
that they, too, will achieve the
of governing themselves. Bnt
auestlon. how soon can the end
reached, depends on a right (under
standing by the free nations wo now
controt the world of the deltcale and
complex nature of the problem!
ure to grasp It will not onlyf
the end but may yet set the civilized
world by the ears in brief,
form the grounds for another
There Is no sentiment expressed In
the publications now being Issued on
the colonial problem against any fea
ture of the fourteen points laid dpwn
in President Wilson's peace declara
tion. Instead, there is shown! an j ef
fort to make these points hafmo size
with the arguments advanejed fpr
American participation In colonial gov
What Wilson Said.
President . Wilson's fifth clause;!
the notable fourteen points, risks
"A free, open-minded and ahsolu
impartial adjustment of all jcolonial
claims Daseu upon n sinci oostrvanre
of the principle that In determining
all such questions of sovereignty the
Interests of the populations concerned
must-have equal weight with tjhe equi
table claims of the government whose
title is to be determined.
The whole point at issue, a "cording
to this recently published Brititeh vilew.
Is that no government shall claim ex-
elusive title to the captured ahds, but
iiiai vius iguveruiueiii iuu&i ipe sin?
responsibility of administratloi andji be
responsible in turn to an international
tribunal. ." j, .
Clause twelve of the president's
peace terms provide for the lopping
off of Armenia and Palestine from
Turkey and Insist that these pne-trae
subject states shall "be assured an un
doubted security of life and fan abso
lutely unmolested opportunity of jau-
tonomous development," which oppor
tunity, it is pointed out her,s would
most assuredly be provided were
America acting as a kind of bg broth
er to the Armenians and peoplje of Pal
estine, j ' '"' .. I . -
There Is hope here among the most
far-seeing British thinkers that Amer
ica will discard her traditional aloof
ness, and become custodian of the Ar
menians, of Palestine, and take charge
even of the Dardanelles, maintaining
an open-door policy, a policy the Brit
ish will undoubtedly strongly urge (on
the French and Italian governjmentsi as
an expedient In wise territorial gDvern-
ment. - I ' ! -'"
It Is even being urged thai w tJike
over the task of preserving tl e Au
tonomy of Persia and Arabia. fv
That America possesses kpo'rtedge
for handling such a large as!slpimnt
Is undoubted, j It Is pointed on t that
Roberts college and the Ameficn a mis
sions In the near East have giienu
a preponderant share, If not a 1 ionop
oly, of public-spirited men, m ny of
them natives of this section ( f the
world who consequently havejflrs -hand
knowledge of these regions. ! S
Incidentally, from the 'ear East,
Amerlca could promote rail
structlon without offense td
lsh, and could, assist in that
atlous problem of the day, the restora
tion of Russia, the blind giant among
nations, the Grey booklet sajys.
e tbefood for which she , b vieimnk
By XUv. B. ' FITZ WATER. JD. D.
Teacher of English Bible in the Moody
CiBlblf Institute of Chicago.) ; . .
(Copyrifht. 1918. Wtrn Ntwiptptr Unlom.)
LlESSON FOR FEBRUARY 9
J ETH RO'3 COU NSEU
v LESSON TEXT Esodu lfcl-2T. -
GOtDEN TEXT Bar ye one another's
burdens and so fulfill the law of Christ,
Gal. 6:2. ' " i .r ,vy 4-
s ADDITlONAli. MATERIALr-Iiuke
Acts lS:l-3: Rom. 16:1-24; I Cor. 12.12-SL :
PRIM ART .TOPIC-JMoses chooses help
ers. Memory Verse "Come ithou with
Ms and we will thee goodf
JUNIOR TOPIC Working1 together.
Memory Vers-nl Cor. 1:S.
INTERMEDIATE TOPIC Team wotk
In religion.", I -
SENIOR AND ADULT TOPIC-Co-op-eratlon
in the . work of the kingdom.
I. Jethro's Visit to Mofes (18:1-6). 1
1. The occasion (v. 1). Upon receipt
of the .news of the marvelous deliver
ance 'of the Israelites from: the Egyp
tians Jethro went out .to meet Moses.
2. The object (vt. 2-4). It was to
bring 'to Moses his wife and children.
When God called him to go to Egypt
to deliver his, people Moses did not
deenj;it,wlse to take with him his wife
and children, therefore left, them with
his father-in-law. Now that God had
wrought so wonderfully It was deemed
wise' for his family to Join him:
3. The place (tt. 5, 6). At ML Slnal,'
where the Israelites were encamped.;
II. Moses Reception to Jethro (18:
7-12).' . ' i
Moses honored him not only as his
father-in-law, but as the priest of Mid
ian.;,. Jethro, j though outside of the
covenant people, evidently retained
traditions of the true God as Melchix-
edek before him did. It seems to have
been a case of mutual affection and es
teem, Moses rehearsed to Jethro the
wonders which God had wrought
through him, and Jethro. (1) "Rejoiced
for jail , the goodness which the Lord
had done unto! Pharaoh and the' Egyp
tians for Israel's sake" (v. 9). (2)
Blessed the Lord (v. 10). ! (3) Con-
fesed the supremacy of the Lord (v.
11) (4) Offered sacrifices to God (v.
12) 11 - ;' '
Hi: Jethro'a Counsel (18:13-26).
1 The occasion thereof (vv. 13-18).
The day after Jethro came to! Moses
he observed how completely Moses
time; was taken in judging Israel.
When he saw .the greatness of the task
he; Inquired as to why he was doing
the work all alone. Jethro was a
gnrwd man-he saw that a wise ad
ministration of affairs would make a
division of labor. Moses explained to
hln that his task was not merely a
matter of judging, but of teaching the
statutes and laws of God to the peo
ple.' Jethro recognized Moses motive,
but insisted that the method was not
a good, one, as it would result in the
washing away jof Jjls strength. Many
times one wastes his strength in doing
thati which others could do so that he
is unable to do the more Important
2tJethros plan (tt. 19-23). (1)
Moses to be unto the people God ward
to bring their causes unto God and
teach them the ordinances and laws, to
show them, the way wherein they must
walk and the work which they must
do. (2) Suitable men should be pro
vided as rulers over thousands, hun
dreds, fifties and tens (v. j 21). All
great. matters should be disposed of by
Moses and ail subsidiary matters
should be adjusted by these judges.
3 .Qualifications of these subordinate
judges (v. 21). I (1) "Able men," that
is. men of strength. They must be men
of uch intellectual power as would
enable them to understand the prob
lem presented, j and of such will power
as 0-execute the judgments rendered.
A strong man ,1s one Wno knows his
owri mind and! is faithful to it. (2)
"Such as fear God." This is the basis
of true strength. Only those are fit
to Judge and rule men who j recognize
the rule of God over their lives. The
true statesman j is the man who gives
God the rightful place in his life. The
one i who reallyj trusts and fears God.
can-be trusted to administrate the af
fairs of men.' (3) "Men of truth." The
one 'who really trusts and fears God
must himself be a lover of the truth.
He must be willing to follow; after the
truth at any cost. His nature must
be open to the truth. (4) "Hating cov
etousness." He must be a hater of un
just! gain. The. man who is to be a
ruler of the people must be free from
the susprcioorfollowing his profes
sion because of personal gain. The
one set to do such work should be able
to,,show clean hands. ,
IV. Moses Accedes to Jethro'a Coun
This common j sense advice met a re
sponse In Moses' heart He recog
nized that God i was speaking through :
Jethro. After all, the knowledge and
fear of God was wider than the
chosen people. I According to Deuter
onomy 1 :9-18 the people selected the
judges and Moses appointed thenx.
I' Relieve Wool Shortage.
Sheep husbandry on . farms catf do
much to relieve the threatened Inade
quacy of the wool production in the
United States.! . 'i T:
V.U A Way :to Feed Silage. J ';
Feed, the ensilage so that the animals
will eat it up clean, as , It spoils or
freezes when exposed - to ' the air for
several: days. .,,,;;.;.. - L -Ul J-Cy
Make Profitable Cows. .
Good feed and kindnAaa heio to inake
The plain nd conservative apparel
that women allowed themselves in war,
times has . affected our coming spring
styles in two ways. First,1 it has
brought hand-sewing and simplicity of
design into more prominence than-ever
on spring and summer frocks and it?
has paved the way for a reaction in
favor of lovely color. As In the days
long gone by, when women had more";
leisure for needlework than they have;
allowed themselves recently, we are to
have numbers erf simply designed,!
beautifully made and finished, sheer
frocks for summer weather.
Imported voiles have soared to un-
heard of prices and are unreasonably
high. At $6 and $7 . per yard they
have tfllks and satins outdistanced.
But American mills will turn out fine
voiles, linen-finished lawns, transpar
ent organdies, not inexpensive, but not
prohibitive in price. Some of ' these
thin weaves suggest georgette and are
fairly close imitations ''of' itT fl'f
The very pretty frock shown in the
. A saunter through the shops that
sell smart blouses is as fascinating to
women -as walking through a garden of
flowers. One is apt to lose one's head
amid the - beauties of the new hand
made lingerie blouses, there Is so great
a variety of them and each presents
its own enticing attractions. Color
bordered -x frills, fine pin tucks, real
filet lace in i edgings, insertions and in
set panels, coax money from us in one
direction ; hemstitching, eyelet work,,
real , val lace and new embroideries.
drag it out in another. . -l ? v , : .
' There are a number of hew models
that fasten at the back and one has a
choicebetween round, square and "V"
shaped necks. . TJie high necked blouse
is exceptional but there are always a
few examples" pf this style trini and
elegant ' looking. ;' Sleeves .have come
in for unusual consideration; a three
quarter .length ' pccaslonalty attracting
attention because it is so pretty but so
; greatly outnumbered by long sleeves. ,
...Some of the collar styles are excep
tionally, becoming and these may ; be
found on the plainest blouses J A modk
el of wjiite dimity has a a wide ..group
iiiii i, i mi i, j i'iiiiiiiiiiii mi " "" iiiniiiS'"?
picture above Is a
type of these ne.
sheer hand-sewed dresses. Except fop
parallel groups of
hand-run tucks and
the introduction of
smocking in shoul
ders and at each side of the front of
the skirt, It has no elaboration "and
does not nee.d anything more. It has
no subtleties of construction ; all th
details of its making are set forth U
the photograph,; ana they are reassuv
ing to i the home dressmaker. Yet i
simplei hand-made frock of this kind,
In sheer cotton or silk fabrics, is sold
for a high price in the. - shops, com
manding something like a hundred or
a j hundred and twenty-five dollars in
smart establishments. j
With "these light frocks piquant gir
dies of; black velvet ribbon are worn.
Sometimes the ribbon is in a color and
occasionally it matches the frock. Bm
black proves a wonderful spice to the
season's light and flowerjlke colors. In
the girdle shown :hree crochet bat
tons are set on the front and small but
tons of the Same kind fasten the
bodice at the back.
of pin-tucks at each
side of the othe
wise plain front and one of those 1od&
plain collars that rolls high acros
the back of the neck.
A new voile waist, pictured here. "
an example of simple and effective &
sign. : Imagine it in larkspur or azu
blue, with its dots in graduated siz
embroidered in silk; of the same llSf
rr In . TiTVilfa . C- Uinh-'nf it in V$
... ; aaa. I.V. " x a uiiua . VA a a . m
IX I VI .UIUIIU.'-;H! W IWdJ AAA VAA-J
these and the picture shows it to
charming In white. Its round necbj
not collarless, there are few bloos0
that are, but the collar is quite
ending in points and lying flat to W
figure, r Points, appear again on
cuffs where the full , sleeves are
Into them, and they turn back at
wrist. .The sleeves are interest'
new m uesigq. .
A J 1 - II s
mva Via itKlna la MmmW with fc'8