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I ' IE." W , M X "VI . V T TW KJ 1 W ft . i . ill" fc ' . . - I 'I
(Conducted by National Council .of the
t tsoy ecouts or yvmerica.)
SCOUTS DISPATCH BEARERS
! George Creel chairman of the com
mittee on publiciinformatioriu has ad
dressed the following Better, to the Boy
scouts of America in! appreciation of
their services as dispatch bearers for
the government; ?- . '' '
"Dear Mr. WestI Wish to take th
opportunity to express to you 'my . ap- j
preciation for the assistance the Bojy
Scouts of America tjave beento the i
committee in its work, - -
"Public opinion stands recognized as :
vital part of ? national " defense, a t
wiitv force In national attack. The
strength of ourfiririg line Is not in
trench barricade alone, but has its
source in the . morale of the civilian
population from which the fighting ,
force is urawn. v j ,.... ;L-
"As dispatch bearers the boy. scouts
have carried the message or our .pres
ident to more than jive million homes,
and as a result of
the postcards len-
closed, the committee has filled near-
lv two million requests for pamphlets
on the vital questions of the warl
"The battle for public opinion : las
been won. There is no organized dis
loyalty. Individual pisloyalty has been
isolated and marked down. We have
unity in the land today unexampled In
the history of this car any other nation, j
"The boy scouts nave had their part
in winning this battle and they can do ,
much to help maintain the unity so
essentia . j i
SCOUT WALL-SCALING CONTEST.
One of the Many Athletic Pastime!
the Youngsters Enjoy.
SCOUTS IN TRANSPORT WORK.
That scouts cab be relied upon for j
any patriotic duty Is shown by this let-
ter from the general superintendent j
of the United States army transport :
service. If there Is any place Where
lucuiuei tu uay umjrniucu vM,
fiuaru lonigm snouiu oe repeaicu, ii-
is on the docks from which ourj boys
board the ships for France. Hpre Is
the letter to national headquarters
from Lieut. Col. fc. P. Jackson:
"In reference jto telephone conver
boy scouts, I
two employed In the supplies division,
service, as messen-
Their duties as messengers re- j
mem vcrjr j uiicu iu w7
cial documents of a confidential na
ture from the various government of
fices, piers, etc. f I believe boy scouts
five more satisfaptor 'servlces, due to
their training, anjdjcan T be relied upon
to carry out strictly any Instructions
given them." : r;.': . .
MADE A TOWNFUL OF SCOUTS.
The far-reaching effect of a com
monplace act of kindness has often as
tonished a scout! who as a matter of.
course does a good turn whenever he
finds an opportunity. ; -
The scout executive of Scranton
Ia., bame interested In a boy in a
neighboring town who was at a hos
pital for a serioi s bone operation.
He spent muc ti time with the boy;
and when he passed his twelfth! birth
day In the' hospital, the scout executive
gave him the tenderfoot test. -;
Returning to his home town, a scout,
this boy organized a troop and novhas
the whole town enthusiastic about
scouting. "So shines a good deed in
a naughty worldl"' : r, :
DOINGS OF THE SCOUTS.
boy scout of Butte, Mont, dis
d ilterature.throughout the city
instructing the people about the work
of the Y. M. CJ A-: and .asking their
aid. -j '; 4, --iO-: :.('-
In Waterburyvv Conn., the Kotary
lnb furnished 60 auto trucks, and 240
hoy scouts collected piles of books set
out for the .army camps. ' - "
McKeesport, Pa4 v scouts 4 bought a
second hand six cylinder antq for thf
purpose of teaching the boys' j some-'
thing about auto repair, , j
S It)- '
x ' I ' "
. vO -. -f1
I if ' J
THE CANOE BIRCH.
A canoe was being put' away foi
the season," said Daddy, ."and aftei
the canoe was hanging upside down in
a nice old cellar yhrch was not too
near a furnace, and! yet not too damp,
Bome little brownies jumped" upon it.
It was covered oyer with .rugs and
was well cared for. It would not
need any attention throughout the win-
ter. '"' X ' ' ' ; v I
'We would like to have a talk with
you said Billie Brownie. ' i
A "Ke to have a talk with you,
t00 said the canoe. .''J
we can understand you, for
brownies, said BilHe
we re very; much like rairies
said Bennie Brownie, 'except that fair-
,es are beautiful and we are funny and
round and ft-'
no difference, said
"'Thank you,' said Billie Brownie.
" 'Thank you,' said Bennie Brownie.
"And the little j brownies who had
come along too said In their most po
lite tones, 'We aiso thank you.'
" 'Then I'm j being well thanked,'
said the canoe, 'and that is nice for
I like to be thanked when I have said
bit hard for
a canoe to be polite, you know. A
canoe can go through the water so
easily when people paddle it, and a
canoe is very useful and loti of fun
If it is properly "understood but it
Isn't the habit pt a canoe to make
polite speeches.' j
"'It was most j good of you to make
the effort,.: said Billie Brownie, bowing
very low. ' j "
'".'It. was''5 extremely kind of you,
said Bennie Brownie.
'"We think you are a kind and po
lite canoe,' said the other little brownies.-.
"'Well,' said Billie Brownie, after a
pause, and after they Jhad all chosen
places about' the canoe so they could
hear' its story, 'won't you tell us all
anout yourseir. i we nave neara tnat
you came from a tree.'
did,' ' said the canoe. I came
from the Canoe! Birch tree. There are
i many kinds of birch trees, but my
family belonged to the Canoe Birch.
tree family. I'm so glad I belonged
to that family,' for ; we are so use-
'Now I have had a useful and
TPrv nlpnsnnt lifp ns n rfinop- Th
le who owri me are so fonrf of me.
wnn,f hnloI f .1 . fr mv
Rfdps hv rnnnin mp lln U mrw
nMC! rru-----. . rm,
lito m4 nnd th1T Wflrit fn b' mt a
"'You see,' the canoe continued,
'the Canoe Birch tree family can do
many things. People can get delicious
sirup from our sap. They can make
wooden shacks out of us, too and of
course, as you know, they can get
canoes from us. .
'The partridges enjoy our buds,
lint mnot rf alio ra xr-a neofnl tr man
. - Uyv
things. But best of all, the very best
of all, to my canoe mind, is that we
can be 'made into wonderful bark
That's fine,' said Billie
'I had no Idea your family could do so
many things and that so much could
be made out jf you and your rela
tives. I :.v - 1 r
"'I beg your pardon,' said the canoe,
but my relatives are different. They
are the other birch trees, ancl some of
my relatives can't do much of any
thing, such as the White Birch fam
ily, for example. j .
" They don't live long, they must
have swampy ground, and they aren't
at all useful. Although, the canoe add-,
ed, T must sayj one thing. The White
Birch family will grow In ugly places
where there ! have been fires and
where the land looks shabby.
'But I am glad that I belong to th
Birch family, or that I did belong to
It for we are considered the finest
members of the whole Birch Tree fam
ily. ''r5 y
'Often some branches of my fam
lly are thrown Into a merry bonfire.
and how eayly they crackle and
burn, and how they'do add: to an an
tumn bonfire party. !
. " 'Well, we're delighted to have
heard about you, said Billie Brownie.
" 'And we thank you most extremely
for telling us your history, added Ben
nlel Brownie, as they, all sald good-by
and left" the . canoe for its winter's
I J (CopyrUht 1918, Western Newspaper rnloa.)
- A man likes to concentrate his mind.
tmt he tries to be very careful not tc
g polite. It's a
..,! I -
a Very Pleasant Life."
1 ': Tit iiS.ioE-
1ST- 's Hat . - jSSRaiffil
, , ... , Hot Springs Near Reykjavik. , i
THE. autonomy that .has come
as a gift of the war to Ice
land : merely' follows upon a
former home rule granted by
Denmark to the island folk In 1874.
Bordering as the island does upon the
arctic circle, It would seem anoma
lous Indeed that the former home of
the free-necked, all-conquering Vi
kings should be associated with aught
but human liberty, or that the re
straints and oppressions of autocratic
governments should be familiar things
in this little detached world. But Ice
land has had Its political struggles
nevertheless, and from the very be
ginning of its history it became the
refuge and sanctuary of a people
seeking, safety and refuge from the
Intolerable tyranny of a Norseman's
Iceland's story is really the story of
the Viking, says Christian Science
Monitor. In a minor degree It is as
sociated with the mission of the Celt
and Anglo-Saxon In the t early diffu
sion of Christianity. In 1890 the Ice
landers actually celebrated the thou
sandth anniversary of the landing of
the first Christians. - ! - ,
One is apt to picture the Viking as
a sea-rover making his warship fast
to that of his enemy while the shouts
of the victor rise high above the clash
and clang of spear and battleax upon
shield and helmet. But war was not
really his occupation nor was the sea
his home. He only turned to the sea
for plunder and recreation when he
wearied of the pastoral life. If he
was a man of wealth and influence, in
the old Norse country, he was certain
ta possess many thralls or retainers,
to own a' great hall and possibly a
temple. In the center of the hall
would be a row of fires, and against
the wall the high seat or place of
honor, its ereat Dinars carved and
crowned with Images of Thor, Odin
and Frigga. The Viking himself would
be magnificently attired, his garments
bound with plates of gold, and his
sword, 4FIre-of-the-Sea-Klng, , In a
jeweled scabbard b his side. On his
neck would doubtless be a collar of
engraved gold, while his flowing cloak
would be edged with 'gold.
Such, also, was the early Icelander
in the early stages of his migration
'from the old Norse home.
How Iceland Was Settled.
The Vikings peopled ! the remote Is
land deliberately, as a land where
freedom , awaited them. Unlike other
lands it had no prehistoric history.
Fire-born, It had known not even the
prehistoric savage. Man's coming be
gan, it may be said, with a woman's
whim, and a Viking's vow. Is it not all
told in "The Story of HarUd Hair
fair,' and by Snorrl in "Heimskrin
gla?" How Harald sent his messen
gers to Gyda, daughter of Eric, King
of Hordaland, with the request that
she become his wife. How to them
she replied that she would not, for the
taking to husband of a king who had
no more realm to rule over than a few
folk, did not appeal to the proud prin
cess. How Harald swore that he would
not cut his hair nor comb It until he
had gotten to himself all Norway,
"with the scat thereof and the dues."
How after years of strenuous effort
and warfare he brought , all Norway
under a sway that was to be feared
wherever the Norse tongue was
spoken. How he solemnly bathed and
cut his hair, held a feast, and wedded
the ; exacting - but now triumphant
.Gyda, queen -of the world within her
ken.'; -n: '; ''. k--' . -,y . -:: .
- That was . ten centuries ago, when
Harald introduced to Norway that
centralization and consolidation of
power which was to make of him a
tyrant and a blight upon the ambitions
of the nobles who' felt the weight; of
his sway. The freemen resisted as
long as they could. Beaten again and
again in fight, many of them with
drew from the land of their birth, pre
ferring "exile with their accustomed
liberties to a vassalage which was an
outrage to the free-born-
Discovered by Naddodd.
Thus began; the Incursions and ex
nrsions of the f Vikings; The falr
taired warriors of the North spread
hemselves over many lands, 'even in
ar-off Byzantium. For centuries the
-oast and river hamlets of England,
Scotland and Ireland were constantly
on the alert in case of depredations
and ; sudden descents.' The distant
lava paks of Faroe ultimately became
the homes of those who dared not
return to Norway, until at last one of
their number, the Viking Naddodd, left
the Isles and was driven by contrary
'f i - ' i
in , sigh of the snow-capped '
peaks jlof Iceland; A landing was ef
fected), but Naddodd found no. trace of
human beings. Christening the newly
discovered country Snaeland, he Im
mediately took! his departure. Four
years pater, in, 864, camei
Swedish Viking, who was
the first to
circumnavigate; the island. He re- !
christened the land Gardar's Holm. flour with a little salt; Bake in a shal
Then j came Flqki, who found his way low panr When hot rub with butter
to the: Island by the aid of ravens, and
who gave to , the then Inhospitable
land the present chilly name of Ice
land.' 1 4j- ' ' '
Reykjavik, the "smoking Creek,'
now the principal town, j was recog
nized from the! earliest times as an
unfortunate location for a settlement
and a capital.'- The original colony
was settled here by Ingolfr Arnarson,
a high-born Jarl of Norway, who left
his native land in the company of his
foster-brother,' Tijorleifr, j ten years
afterjl the descent of Flqki upon its
shores. -, : ; .
Within ( 60 years from the coming
of Ingilfr, the population bf the island
is said: to have j numbered over 60,000.
So much land, however, had been taken
by the;first comers that an agreement
made by which all late . comers
couljl ke onlyj as much land as they
could epcompas by fire in a day. This
was jlclone by building a huge fire in
the center of th? lot, whence the claim
ant traveled in a circle as far away
from the fire as he could see the
9 Kindly" and Hospitable.
Froito this virile race, which scorned,
to bead the knee to Harald, the mod
ern Icelanders are descended. They,
are j kindly and hospitable to the
stranger within their borders, while
their homes aire simple and quaint.
some are oiu .mxeuiug i!ltttcs l
and I stone : wjth an Inclosed mowing!
patch, the sheep folds, the byre and'
a small garden, for vegetables. The
spoklen tongue' of Icelandj is no longerj
heard in the NOrse valleys, but in the;
arctic isolation of their island home!
the j Icelanders have retained it in
Its ancient purity; and sagas and tra-
ditiens of the remote past are as
habitants. r ..."
The governnient, down
to the grant
ing bf autonomy, had at its head a
minister, appointed by the king of
Denmark, resident at Reykjavik, , and
responsible to the althing, . or the
parljament ofjthe colony!, for all acts!
concerning Jceland. The althing con-
sisted of 36 members, of whom 30
were elected by the people and six by
the crown. : It was elected every two
years, and was divided into two cham-i
bersf of which the upper was composed
of six elected and six appointed mem
bers, while the lower consisted of 24
elected members. ' The king of Den
mark had the nominal right of veto.:
In 1911 v suffrage was extended to
women and servants, and the right is
now; possessed by all competent adults.-
The revenue of the country is
derived almost entirely from customs.1
Elementary education is well provide
for, and the 'number . of i illiterates Is
( ;--'! Slam's Boat Life. . ' ;,, j
The boat; life of Siamj Is extremely
interesting. Business and pleasure
health and happiness, jail center in
the river or its branches; . A boat and
a paddle are'almost as natural and in
dispensable possessions jto a Siamese
as his arms! or legs. He has no no
tion 1 of traveling any distance except
by boat, ah the Idea :of living in a
place inaccessible by water generally!
strikes hlnvlas' absurd, i Three weeks
to come down stream with a full caiv
go, a weekko dispose of it and In
dulge in thgayetles of the capital,
four or five months to get back with
the emptied, boat,. and. the rest of the
year for farm vwork at home such U
the program of many a Siamese fast
, Life means to each one of us just
' What ' each of us ! makes it mean. It
is: a blank check into which we our
selves must write the value. 1 ;
SEASONABLE GOOD THINGS:
One of the most popular pies at this
season of the year is mince. Each
nousekeeper nas some
favorite recipe which is
cherished, in her family ;
Mrs. Taft's Mincemeat.
j Take, three pounds of
lean beef, one pound of
suet, two pounds each of
seeded raisins, citron and
currants, two teaspoonfuls of cinna
mon, two quarts of cider, one pound of
brown sugar, and one tablespoonful of
salt. Cook beef until tender and when
r coJd chop very fine, , Chop the suet and
remove all of the strinfey portion. Put
all together wjth the fruit chopped In
to a jar, boil the cider with sugar until
reduced, to one quart ; when cool add
to the other ingredients. - When ready
to be used add two chopped apples to
the mincemeat for one pie.
Prince of Wales Cake. Dark part
cream one-half cupful of butter, add
One cupful of molasses, one-half -cupful
of strong coffee sift one teaspoori
ful each of soda, - nutmeg, cinnamon
and cloves with two cupfuls Of flour.
Add three well-beaten yolks of eggs
and one, cupful of raisins.' "Light -'part
-j cream one-half cupful of butter, add
cne ., cupful of ; sugar gradually; 1 Mix
and "sift together one cupful of flour
with one-half cupful of cornstarch, and
two teaspoonf uls of. baking powder ;
add the dry Ingredients alternately
With half a cupful of milk. Cut and
fold in the whites of the eggs. Bake
In layers. ! '"-:' "
I Golden Orange Cake. Take one cup
ful of New Orleans molasses, half a
cupful ' of shortening, one egg, the
juice and rird of one' orange, half a
( teaspoonf ul-of soda dissolved In half
a cupful of cold water, two cupfuls of
land sprinkle with powdered sugar.
Rice-, and Almond 9ream. Biancn
; one-half t cupful of almonds, cut In thin
j shreds, put into a double boiler with
three cupfuls of milk,- one-fourth cup
; ful of sugar and 'one-half teaspoonf ul
of salt; when hot add one cupful . of
j well-washed rice. Cook until the rice
j Is I tender. When ready - to serve .'fill
I sherbet cups half full; add a teaspoon-
ful of apple jelly, then sweetened
whipped cream and another spoonful
of jelly on top.
Knowledge is now no more a foun
tain sealed; . .
Drink deep, until the habits of the
The sins of emptiness, gossip
And slander, die. Better not be at all
Than not be noble. -
- In using bread crumbs for escal
loped dishes, season well with salt and
pepper, ana aaa a
small quantity of
melted butter; stir
until well mixed.
Clean currants by
rubbing and rolling
in a small amount
of flour; wash
them, dry, and they
are ready for use.'
Cut the long and rough pieces from
sirloin steak ; use them in soup or put
them through a meat grinder; season
well 1 with onion juice, a pinch of
ground cloves and pepper and salt ; j
add a portion' of cooked oatmeal,
breakfast cereal or bread crumbs;
make Into flat cakes and cook until
brown on both sides. ,
s Have small receptacles In. which
to save various kinds of fats; do not
mix them, as they keep sweet better
Beef drippings mixed with lard may
be used for deep frying or for short
ening. Coffee and tea stains may be re
moved from linen by rubbing on a lit
tle borax and soak half an hour in cold
water; then hold over a deep dish and
pour boiling water through the spot
To deepen the , color in any wash
dress use a piece of crepe paper the
color desired -a square foot soaked
In cold water and used as bluing wa
ter. The result will be a delightful re
freshing of the color;
Parsley may-be kept, fresh for, two
weeks or longer if dipped in water,
then well shaken and put into a glass
jar, sealing tightly. Keep in a cool
Drop the yolks of eggs into a bowl
or cup, cover with cold water and they
will keep several days.
Use a fiber vegetable brush to clean
grates and scrub vegetables.
- TO get the flavor of orange for sauce
or tea, or any kind of dessert rub a
few cubes of sugar over a well-washed
orange, or grate off the rind and let It
stand in a close jar with a handful of
cubes of sugar or granulated sugar.
The water In which Tice Is cooked Is
too valuable to: be thrown away ; use
it in tomato soup for the next days
' The water in which peas, beans and
cauliflower are cooked may be added
to the water In' which a leg of mutton
or a piece of beef is boiled. This may
be reserved for soups ahd-sauces. : -
ISOLATE ALL AILING FOWLS
Some Common Poultry Diseases saC
Treatment Use Potassium Per.
manganate for Co!ds
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.
; AH diseased birds should be feoZitesi
Colds . and ' Roup-Disinfect Gm
water as follows : To csefe
gallon of water add the quantity;
potassium permanganate that will re
main on the surface off a dime. 'j ' .
Canker Sprinkle a little flowers
sulphur in the mouth ahd throat cf l
bird and put , some chlorate of potasSn
in the waters Also carefully t rcmkvv
the exudate with the aid of warn
A Case of Scaly Legs.
ter and paint with
odlne or apply
good disinfectant to
sue. ' - f V
the diseased CSar
Chicken PoXd Apply a touch eff S-
dine to each sore and then cover
If the fHicaaae
parts are kept well
covered witk Gut
will usually effect a cue.
New ground and vtgac5
will often ' remedy tftsa
trouble. A liberal snrinklins: of Eaa
around the " coops" and runs is
often "an effective remedy. V- y
Scaly Legs Apply vaseline cfits
Ing a disinfectant toi the affected pastas
and after 24 hours soak in warm'i
water. Repeat treatment until
Diarrhea In Hens. Lovs-scm&b
wheat flour or middlings are" good Car
this trouble. Also , give each fowl ay
teaspoonf ul of castor oil ' confafafasr
five drops of 9H of turpentine. : v
Bowel, Trouble ! In" ChlckfcWS-
boiled rice mixed with a little charoea
will often check this complaini. D
solve 15 grains of crude catecha fi
each gallon of drinking water.
MORE POULTRY IS REQUIRED
Standard-Bred Fowls Increase Prota
tion and Imprcve Quality Hatdi
(Prepared by the United States
ment .of Agriculture.)
'1 . -.
Keep better poultry: Stan'
poultry increases production
proves the quality.
Select vigorous breeders :
vigorous breeder produce
chicks. ". '. ! ! . '
Hatch the chicks early:
hatched pullets produce fall
ter eggs, i- " "-!.
Preserve eggs for home
serve .when . cheap jf or , use
In price. !!,.: : ; ....!',-.-,
Produce-Infertile eggs: They fa
better. 'Fertile eggs are necessary Car
hatching only. . . j !. -, -v . ' -
Cull the flocks : Eliminate uz$hi&-
able producers and reduce thie fee
utvi . t - i - - i -
um. , i.. - - . . ..... I .
Keep a back-yard flock :. , A .
flock in the back yard will supply tSml
family table. j
Grow your poultry feed: Hem'
grown feed Insures an available
economical supply. .
Eat more poultry and eggs: By eat
ing poultry and eggt' more freely pa
will conserve the meat supply.
WHEAT FOR EGG PRODUCTION
Better Food Than Com in Ration fee
Laying HenayrBarley la Good
Whaat is a better food for egs'pr
duction than . i corn. A grata, ratiaai
of wheat, oats and corn is coodocrjfo
to the manufacture of eggs,
may be profitably! substituted
wheat during these days of wueat cc
servation. , .
HOPPER IS BIG LABOR SAYEII
Satisfactory Growth . Secured
fay., CEv .
ing Fowls Access' to BUzkSsd
A hopper capable of ho3ding- a. Iarea
quantity of feed isj a great labor avec.
Bjrlallowihgthe birds 'cces;taf UJ
contents a eatlsfactx)ry7f3
talned, and an bpportunitjr" fa', gvea
them to balance the grain ratlcas fed.
This- hopper should be large -eaoh tm
hold several bushels of feed, rTf,
Cor one or two weeks. 1 r
FT" "T" : - :
I . ' '
Il : ICUpTW