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FOR FIRST TIME
Telling of Story.
Machines Proved Unwieldy as Off en
sive Weapons and Soon Gave Way
: - to Taubes and Gothas 90 Bombs
Dropped in First Attack; Six Killed
' "Aurora Boreal is" Demonstration
Last IVlirch Ended Effective Series.
Fifty-one raids by airships
caused tne aeatn or vys civilians
and the injury of i,2$6 and the
killing of 58 soldiers and sailors
and; trie injury of 121
Fifty-nine airplane raids killed
619 civilians and 238 soldiers
.and injured 1,650 -civilians and
Relaxation of the censorship now
permits for the first time publication
of some of the effects bf enemy air
raids on London, from jthe first Zep
pelin attack in May, 1915, to the "Au
rora Bqrealis" demonstration last
March, Which ended the effective-se
In the ' beginning the j attacks were
made by Zeppelins, usually on dark
1 a I mi . T. ' j .
nigius. ixnese macnines proveu uu
"wleldy afc offensive weapons, and they
were . soon succeeded by Taubes and
'Gothas, jwhich crossed 1 the Channel
from enemy airdromes in Belgium.
-Then followed a series of daylight
raids, which were succeeded by'moon
' light visits, that ' condition of atmos
phere reducing the detective power of
Anti-aircraft! defense in the begin
ning was feeble and ineffective. It
.was spe sdily improved 1 and finally a
long-raojje barrage encircled London,
; making hostile approach highly cau
tious an d really possible only when
: atmosph sric conditions were favora
ble; Coincident with the improvement,
he Royal air force was greatly aug
' raentecf : !br "home defense, and gave ex
'cellent recount 'of itself.
The first Zeppelin flew over Lon
. Tdon Mayv 31, 1915, arid dropped 90
bombs, most of them iijcendiary. Con
- sldering the cost in munitions, results
were snail, for only j:hree fires re-
quired i:he attention of the fire bri-
gade. "13ix" civilians wjere killed ' and
thre Injured. ; In : Baljs Pbrid Road,
Ralston, an aged couple were killed
while k ieeling at theirj bedside. Some
damage was done1 In Shoreditch.
s Twenty Killed, 8$ Injured.
f' September 7, 1915, the Bermondsey
- district 's' 'tie target,) with light cas
ualties. The next night, a bomb de
stroyed a motor bus near the Liver
'pbol' .street station, and a train was
lilt. The chief damage was in Wood
'and 'Fere streets, ' where - city ware
houses were set afire and several
fi!remen were injured. Twenty per
sons wore killed and 86 injured, and
the mo; ley loss to buildings and cori
, tents was about $2,500,000, one firm
suffering to the extent of $500,000.
Crowds! assembled In many parts of
the city to watch the raiding Zeppe
; lin,' which "was" visible for several min
Up to September, 1916, raiders vis
ited Leytonstone, Walthamstow, East
London, Central London and South
east London, Inflicting some damage
at each visit. In one of the raids a j
Domn nit a girder in the Lyceum the
ater, bending it and explodine in the
but there were casnnmps nmnnr npr-
sons standing at the exits. Black
heath was raided August 24 and 25,
The greatest of the Zeppelin raids
up to hat time Occurred the night of
September 1-2. A flept of 13 Zeppe-
l1?8 flossed the North sea and drop
ped Bombs ' on English, territory. ' Only
r 0,116 craft got as far as the
butsk:;ts of London. jTwo of the three
were driven' batk! by gunfire and one
was brought down at Cuflley by Lieu
tenant Leef e s Robinson with a new
type Of incendiary machine gun bul
let. The airship caught fire and the
. pVopl of London and of a wide out
side $rea enjoyed the spectacle of an
aerialj conflagration. Some of the fleet
that crossed the sea lost their bearings
; in the dark and sped homeward with
the fij-st signs' of dawn. '
VjRaid1 by Twelve Airships.
September '23-24 twelve airships
. crossed the sea and undertook a raid.
, One .;&ne to grief in Essex, another
near jBillericay and a third near Mer
- sea Island. Only three reached Lon
don, j They bombed the Streatham and
. Brixton-districts and! blew a tramcar
into jpieces. -There was damage to
' dwelling and shop prerties in North
east qLondon, notably in Bridgehead
road." Chief Inspector Ward of Scot
land jTard was killed that nipht arid a
ounqing near tieytori. whloh hnd f.
feredj the year previously, got another
. : Nof airships reached London in the
nextjtwo raids, in the second of which
. a craft was brought down near Pot-
It IT "ue "T111? to epproach
the city from the north. -
Th first ' airplane attack occurred
Kovember 28. 1916, xfhen a single ma
5Mn in daylight dropped bombs which
damaged Victoria Palace Music halL
opposite j Victoria station; and hit seT-.
eral mansions in Brorapton Toad. June
13. 1917. a long stretch in the East
End suffered from 'a I series of bombs"
dropped I by daylight raiders, falling
about one-quarter f a mile apart. Inr:
fo raiA ton philrlrpTV WPffl killPli and'
nrty injured in a . snooi in .rnymi.
and there were several deaths In the
houses if working people along the
route. A train was struck outside the
Liverpool street station.
Twenty-rour uomas raiaea xjouuou
July 7, 1917, in daylight. One of the
DOmDS StniCK me generiu yusu
flee. It j penetrated two ofthe upper
floors and deranged much telegraph ;
ATmaratu's. The raiders sailed overi
the city fat altitudes fof f rom '2,000 to-
15,000 feet, keeping their regular for- j
mation to the end. This ended the!
daylight raids, all subsequent ones,
haying been by moonlight, except the:
last, which chose a dark night, and j
another lunder cover of a mist.
: I First Night Visitor.
The first night visitor came Septem-;
ber 4, 1917, and went away without:
having I done any mischief. Three
weeks later, when "a squadron ad
vanced to an attack, a barrage was In
action. , Those that got through hit
the Bedford hotel in Southampton row
and , wrecked a' shop in King's Cross;
road. . ; i
There were five raids between Sep-
tember 25 and October 1. One of the
craft, September 25, 'emptied its cargo!
Of bombs within a (barrow area vuf
crowded streets abutting Old Kent
road, doing some damage to property
and causing several j deaths. Officers';
quarters in Chelsea - hospital were
wrecked by a 500-poiind bomb October
4, when damage was j done to the Gros
venor road railway bridge.
October 19, a misty night, a Zeppe
lin fleet made a trip to England which
proved Unhappy for ( itself. gOnly one
of the I number reached London, on
which it dropped three heavy bombs,
one of them in Piccadilly Circus,
rinmnciner the shon of Swan & Ed ear
und ' rnusinsr casualties in ' a crowd '
waiting there for an omnibus ; another
damaging houses in Camberwell and
the : third wrecking house property in
Hither Green. Five I of the fleet, hav
ing accomplished nothing in England,
were brought down jintact In France,
on the! trip homeward, when others
were si?riouslv damaced. There was
anj early morning taid on Dullwich
September 6, with small results.
Try to Bomb Hospital.
Raiders December! 18, 1917, dfopped
a bomb which narrowly missed Char
ing Cross hospital arid 'demolIs'Tied a
shon in Agar street.- Another boirih
killed several persons on the TharrieV
embankment and dainaged Cleopatra's
Needle! A third set fire to a piano
factory in tDlerkenwell road.
A raid of January' 28, 1918, partially
wrecked the Oldhams printing estab
lishment in Long Acre, in the base
ment of which many persons had
taken shelter. Machinery arid dehVls
from the upper floors fell into the
basement, killing 47 persons Mand In-d
juring 169. The same night a bomb;
almost destroyed the old French flow
er market, Covent Garden, and anoth
er fell In a side street near the Sav0y;
hotel. February 17 the Midla-rid5 tirdnd.
' hotel, St. ! Pancras, was damaged ! by
three bombs, one of , which . brought
down the tower spires. f
Then ' came in swift succession a;
series of raids, the most-memorrible
of which was on the mckmles night'
of March 7, 1918. This was the A;u-
rora Boreaiis." A 600-pound bbrribj
on that occasion proved very destVuc-j
tlve to property in Maida Vale, "where
six houses were destroyed and sever-
al hundred damaged. Mrs: Lria Ford,
an American, author of "Keep the
Home , Fires Burning," was 1 among
those killed that night by the raiders.
YANKS? Make FRIENDS
WITH ENGLISH TOTS
Under the direction of the American
Red ( Cross Yankee wounded ' hefoes
were taken on a tour of London. The
photograph shows one of therd making
trienas with a little Ehglish girl.
Children! on Farms.
; Twenty-cue thousand children iri'the
state of Washington'1 are" enrolled n
agricultural and stock "clubs through
the efforts of Mrs. Elizabeth Jones; in
unarge or Doys and glrtsf agricultural
clubs in that state Tinder" the1 direct An
of the United States department; of
agricnltnve. Mrs.1 Jones is riow going
to British Columbia to organize dubs
umoag.tue ciiUdren there. - 1
those who are thoughtful haVe concluded that sortie
thing moFe thanchance is behind the remarkable popu
Those who have investigated, find! neither chance nor
iaagic, but simply tommon sense appreciation of values.
ldsVivhbre their orders now
and insist on being supplied with J ' -
MM. jI S
' ' -j 1 i ; :
ORDER EARLY? AND AVOID DISAPPOINTMENT.
0. S. RPVSTEIR;GyWO
'Noffolk, Va. Baltimore, Md. Toledo, O. Tarbofo, N. C. Charlotte, N. C
Columbia, S. Ci. Spartanburg, S. C. Atlanta, Ga. Macon, Ga.
The policy of the Ford Motor Company to sell its cars for
?the5lowefst possible price, consistent 'with dependable quality, is
to well known to
ent conditions, there
THE UNIVERSAL CAR
' .:r .!'.'...
require comment. Therefore,- because of pres-
ctn be no change in the
These prices F. O. B. Detroit
on, Nbrth Carolina
i iin iii ii r a
price on Ford cars.
VNOTIE TQ 'DfitllNQUENT Tiv
v .Notice; is her3by givei t
ties i giveni 'below and
mayDe conceeiif tt, as ; mortgagees i -the
undersigned purchased at a SV3
linquent tax sale at I Co tu mbus ts1 i
county, NiC, 'on the; H3th dav of
for the :year 1917;' on? lot in the ToS
of Tryon, Tryon township, less 1 2
on back listed in the pame of Mrs J
E. 'McNeill taxed fof the year 191"
one town ' lot m tne town of Tv'
Tryon township, h'sted in the namejl
1917 ; thirty-one "aere s in ColumbS!
wYYiiomp, x wiiv 1.UU1111, x-i, j.t listed
wie name oi j . r . rage vaxea lor th
year 1917;; eighty-fiv acres of J
uiuiiu ui ffoue neau neire. taxod
me year xorty-nme acres gf
land in ! Cooper Gap township, p0j
county, N. C., listed 1 in the name 0'
T. M. Thompson, ta3:ed for the vm!
1917. : : 1 ..-. y
'Notice 4s further j riven that anni:
i cation will -be made ilto the sheriff
PolkJ county, N. C, hK- the -mdei
ed fbr deeds - for : ,aid propert . aft.
tne ou aay oi mav, ii,ff.
E. W.-S. COBB, Purchcr
NOTICE OF SALE.
iDy vjrtue w ve wwer 01 sale con.
tained in that certain Mortgage Deed!
executed by J. H. Motcalf and Mamiel
Metcali, his wife, to iiidmond A. Em4
bury on the 6th dayof September!
1915, to -secure a debt of $250.00 and
interest, said mortgage being of reel
ordin the office of - the Register of I
Deeds for Polk County, in book of ;
mortgages xsio. JO an page 396, de-
rauit navmg Deen maae m tne pay
ment of the debt and interest therein
provided Lthe undersigned will sell ati
public auction, to tne highest bidder,
for cash, at the court house door of
Polk county,' on !
MONDAY MARCH 3rd 1919
at 12 o'clock noon, jthe following de-1
scribed land and premises conveyed i
by; said mortgage tofwit :
! Beginning at a mt'.on' the 'west-1
ern margin of the Y alhalla road, the
same being the southwest corner q
Mrs. Mi L. Dowes "residence lot I
thence with the saidi Af. ; L. Dowes
southern boundary line- south 86 t!eg.
13 min. west 186 feet' to" eastern line
of roadway ; -thence in eastern line oi
roadway: south 51'deg. 52 mm. east
90 feet: thence and still in eastern
line-of road south -3 deg.'l- min east
25 feet;; theiice north' 86 deg. 39 min
east il75 feet to corner of roadway;
thence in margin of roadway north
53 deg. 40 min. east 56 feet to western
margin-' of 1 Valhalla" road; - thence in
said margin 'bf Valhalla north 36 deg,
20 imn. west1 100 feet, to place of be
ginning, ;- containing j
a5re, more ; or less
known1 as lot' No. 5
&4oiiuuu -of an
. ; and "i Otherwise
in S. DHadley!
subdivision vin the Town bf Tryon,
County 6f Polk, State of North Carolina.-
j. . -. ! ;.
This January- 28. 1919.
EDMUND A. EMBURY, Mortgagee,
Walter -Jones, Attorney.
'EXECUTRIX' NOTICE TO CRED-
'v. , 'I ITORS.
"" Haying quafified'as executrix of the
estate of Fafihie yJt. Ricks, deceaseo;
late - of Polk "c0unty,: North Carolina,
this is to' notify all -persons having
claims against the jestate of said deceased-
to exhibit- them to the under
signed whose-address is 208 Baldwin
hAvehue,-Charlotte, N. C.,! on or before
the' 15th"dav of Februarv. 1920. or
ktms notice -will be
pleaded in bar of
T A11? persons ' mde
ited to said estate
will. -please -make immediate, payment
This the 21st day of January, ivik
- j MARY D OSBORNE,
r Executrix of Fannie J. Ricks.
NUOtlCE TO DELINQUENT TAX
Notice : is hereby giyen to the par
ties named below and all persons thai
may be concerned as mortgagees that
the -Tdnriersismed -nuiehasGH at a de-
iinauent tax sale in 1 Columbus Polk
county, N. C, on the 6th day of May,
1918. land listed: arid described as ioi-
lows : 15 acres less 1-15 of one acre,
in White Oak Township, listed m we
name of Coleman Bradley's estate for
the year 1917. . j :
JNOwce is iuruierrf giyenmat apfu
cation will be made to the r sheriff of
Polk county - by thje undersigned for
'defeds f or said'-nroDertv after the 6th
day of May 1919. i
E. J.; BRADLEY, Purchaser,
This January 2Q 1919.
NOTICE TO DELINQUENT TAX
Notice is hereby given to the par
ties f given below and all -persons v
may beihterested as mortgagees that
the undersigned -purchased at a
unquent tax Sale at Columbus, tro
county, N. C, on the 6th day of May.
1918. land listed and described as fol
lows: i 2 town lots An ,Tryon, TryoJ
township, less 1 foot , on bade,
in name of S. B. Wilkins f or the .ye?
1917: 1190 -acres in - Saluda townslup
listed in- the name of J. E. Pearson,
for rthe year ; 1917; 1 town lot, less
foot-ron -hack, m town of Tryon, iry""
township.-listed iil the name of 3..
Pearson, for the year 1917; 1 town
less fo-ot'onVbackin MiU Pr,Z
White Oak - township, listed in &
name of N. , Champion, for: the J'ff.
1917; 99 acres, in - Saluda townsM
listed in the name of D. M. Bom
for the. year 1917; 1, town lot, less 1
foot'on ;back, miTTyonTryon to
ship,' listed in theriiame of J. H.
calf for the year 1917; "22 "acres - j
Tryon township, listed in the name
j 1 Alex B. Emery, for the- year I91 'v
l .Notice, is further given that
( cation will be made to the . sheriff
Polk county, N. C., by the undersip
V V 4 4k.
L 1 eatior cleeds lor said property,
uie eui say or May, -isi?.
Jt P. CARPENTER, Pura
. This Jwniaiy 17,-1$$, - J
wao, ittim uawu aim jueacriDed as m t
lows : One lot less ohe foot on n I
back in the Town 'of I Trvon. m