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VOL. XXIV NO. 46
TRYON, N. C. FRIDAY, MARCH 21, 1919.
' . . ; t. : - ,. r- . . . . .
The Misses Powell left for Charleston
Miss Beatrice Reed spent Tuesday in
Mis Martha Jackson is spending , a
few days in New York.
Mr. C. W. Ballenger spent a few
hours in Asheville, Tuesday.
Mr. J- M Hearon, of Saluda, spent
a few hours in Tryon, Tuesday.
Mr. R. A. Leonard is, attending the
golf tournament in Asheville, today.
Mrs. F. P. Bacon returned from a
visit to Flat Rock friends, Saturday.
Hon. W. F. Swann attended to bus
iness matters in Asheville, Tuesday.
Miss Helen Trask, of Chicago, is
visiting in Tryon, the guest of her aunt
Mrs. W. B. Stone.
See F. K. McFarland for Undertak
ing, Monuments, 'Fumigating
Mr. C. S. Corwin returned from
New York, Saturday, owing to the ill
ness of Mrs. Ccrwin.
Mr. Charlie Kilpatnck and Miss Hai
ti? IRhodes were guests of Mrs. E.
Rhodes, last week-end.
Mr. F. P. Bacon spent a few days in
New York and Philadelphia last week,
where he went on business.
. .- if r t 1 1 t
Misses oallie otreaawicic ana Lena
Livingston were guests of Henderson
ville friends, Monday.
The goli protessiona were; unable to
get to Tryon last Tuesday, hence the
match games' hwfeeeji
Mrs. Amanda Wilkersosb; of Chica-
go, arrived in Tryon, . Saturday, for an
indefinite visit to her. daughter, Mrs.. W
Mr. Jarvis and Mr. John Washburn
left for a ten day riding trip, on Thurs
day7 their first stopping place to be Chim
ney Rock. ;
Mrs. John Bagley, of Detroit, is at
Roraime with her daughter and grand
daughters, Mrs. Wallace, Esther and
Hefen Pugh, the wonderful child
pianist, from Asheville will - give a
concert in Trvon next week. The
date will ba announced.
Mrs. J. B. Reed was called to Gas
tonia. Tuesdav. to attend the burial of
.111 r t mi 1 ! -
trie bodv ot her brother who died in
Montana, some time ago.
Mrs. Lubeck left, Monday, for New
York, where she goes to meet her hua
band, Major Lubeck, who is returning
to America from service overseas. '
Postmaster W. H. Stearns left, Mon
day, for New Yoik, where he goes to
witness the reception to the returning
Twenty Seventh Division.
Mr. Clarence Lightner, Mrs. Light
er and children, have arrived in Tryon
from Detroit, and will spend ' some , time
at their beautiful winter home here.
- Commander Q. C Wright, U. S. N.,
and Mrs. Wright, have reached Tryon,
and will remain for some time. Comman
der Wright has seen six years' service
aboard one of Uncle Sam's submarines.
On account of the break-down of our
type setting machine, we are compelled to
leave out almost all our correspondence
and much other interesting matter, as
wellas being two days late. Hope to
bave everything all right by next week.
The Junior O. U. A.. M., is going ' to
?1Vea big entertainment on the first
Tuesday night in April, at the Missildirie
hall. Every member is requested to be
Present, Degree work in the third
gree. Don't fail to come. If you
do you will miss the time of your -life, ;
1 he Polk County Red Cross, thro
Mf- J. W. Kennedy, will open the old
clothing campaign for Belgian relief, ' on
March 24th. Look over your used
ciothmg that can be soared, and be
feady to contribute to this worthy cause.
Congregational church, Rev. F. Bar
rows Makepeace pastor; Rev. Joseph
fc.Uaniels, U. D.. .L. L. D.. . pastor
emeritus. Bible school, 10 a. m.: public
worship with sermon by the' pastor at 11
a. rri. . ToDic. "God' Wrlr km-l'
;--. v ut iiaii s
ife.M Lenten services, 4:30, p. m..
with topics as previously announced.
Mr. J. E. Lawrence, who has been in
charge of the local telephone exchange
or some time "past, has resigned, his
resignation to take effect on April first
The DatlOnS of tllP PVrKano will 1-
- jv, if in i.atii
of Mr. Lawrenc's act with deep regret,
for under his jurisdiction the service of the
company has been largely bettered!
Tryon Baptist church: Sunday school
at 10 o clock; preaching at 1 I o'clock
by Kev. K. N. Pratt, A very pleasing
and interesting program is being pre
pared tor missionary day, on the fifth
Sunday. Songs, recitations and good
music will be rendered by the children.
A cordial welcome is extended to attend
this special service.
The special bill allowing the voters of
Tryon to express their desire upon .the
question of the improvement of the pub
he schools at. a special election to be
held in May. passed the legislature. Wp
- j - . w
hope to secure a copy of the bill and
present the same through our columns
in the near future. , In the meantime it
behooves every person who is friendlv
to the proposition to do all in their pow
er to see that everybody fully under
M, G: Blake, Town . Manager, says
Mayor E. E, Missildine has received a
letter from the . secretary of the State
Board of Health stating that the Week
ending March 29th would be clean-up
week all over the State, and requesting
cooperation from Tryon. In compliance
with this request, says Mr. Blake, h
will, on March 28th and 29th send
wagon arouad to collect" all cans, rub
bish, etc., that. cannot be burned, pro
vided it is placed in convenient boxes or
barrels, easily accessible with team
Every one is requested to clean- their
premises of all rubbish at this time.
CARD OF THANKS.
I wish to thank my many friends and
neighbors for their kindness during the
illness and death of my wife. -
k H. T. CAMP.
White magic at -the school house, on
Friday, was a pleasant and profitable
occasion. A crowded auditorium
greeted the Rev. J. F. Black when
the curtain was drawn, and a laughing
and delighted crowd applauded him till
the curtain fell.. '
Eighty two dollars and fifty cents was
deposited to the credit of the Committee
of the Lanier Club, some of which wil
be spent for window shades, new black-
boards aud other improvements.
The school children deserve it all, for
they worked for the success as though it
was a personal affair of each one.
Margaret McCahill sold the greatest
number of tickets, receiving the prize of
one dollar offered by Miss Wingo, the
The scholars were to have sung somej
of their pretty songs,- but Miss Buchanan
found it impossible to collect theTn in a
group, as they came with friends and
relatives, and without that they would
not have been heard to advantage. ,
FOR THE ARMENIANS.
'A ptrfect illustration of modern em
ciency was given in the kitchen of the
I I ihrarv. on Wednesday evening,
when a group of Tryon ladies served an
over one hundred
elaborate supper to ,over one nuuu.w
people in a remarkably short time. .
. Even the feeding of . so great a num
ber with coffee and bread, when each
talr his own tin cup and. gets, his
ration,' requires some
cbncenlrition, but to hve vanety.and
-- , " '. " " "2" '. . ' . - J. " v 1 ' . '-'".'!.? 1 ' t! u- " e , - - , , ... .. - .
have'it well served in an unaccustomed
place, is indeed a test of ability.
It was a State Supper, and on a roll
call of States, twenty-eight were' found
a be represented. ' If the names had
been called loud enough to be heard in
he kitchen, several from South Carolina.
one from Pennsylvania, one from Indiana
three from Michigan, one from Iowa and
one from, Kentucky would have . re
sponded. I .."
Even with such speakers as Dr. Dan
iels, Mr. West,' Judge ' Cutting, Mr.
Frost, Dr. Grady, Mrs. Washburn, Mr.
Copeland, Mr. Griffith, -Mr. Holderi,
Mr. Makepeace, Mr, Taft; and Mr,
Hill in the runningj it is not put -of place
to put the woman's part first. : - .
The fllusic. as usual, was in the hands
of Mr. and Mrs. Doubleday, assisted by
Laurence and Miss Mabel Washburn.
Mrs, Wing delighted the audience with
two or her Dianoloeues.
The amount of money realized will be
announced later.. The management has
hopes of bringing the sum .up to one
hundred and twenty-five dollars.
'It would have been as easy to sell
two hundred tickets as one. and the food
could have been supplied," but the space
was lacking; ;
Mr. Bacon, as toastmaster, demon
strased that he is no novice at the game.
One morcsuccess, however is to the
credit of Tryon.
- ' o
FROM A POLK COUNTY BOY.
. La Pallico, France, Feb 13, 1919.
Editor Polk County . News: -Dear
' Your issue', of January 10th . has
reached France, and I want to- thank j
you for the pleasure it gave me after
reading all the good news from home,
because it was the first news I had
received . from home after being sev
eral "months in France.
Will give you a little news about
myself. I was gassed on Oct. 29th,
but am in good health at present and
contented after reading the news
from home. Before T was wondering
if everybody was all right at home,
and that made it a little unpleasant
for me. I would like to be home and
enjoy some of the good pure air that
the hills and mountains of the ther
mal belt produce, but not until we ac
complish everything that we are oyer
life re for. .
Give my regards to all my friends
at Tryon. ' I think that will include
I was a little surprised when I saw
the NEWS. One could easily notice
how it has grown, especially in world
Well, I will close with best, wishes
to the POLK COUNTY NEWS and
its readers. . Sincerely, '
CAPT. O. L. WEAVER,
A. T. S.A. P. O. No. 735, A. E.. F.
, Base Section No. 7..
DON'T BECOME DISCOURAGED.
... V' Columbus, March 10th.
You see -from, the dating of this lit
tle message to the farmers, that one
third of March is already gone and
very little plowing for ' crops is done.
This need not discourage any one. I
have seen many just such seasons and
the world got along just the same.
Have all farm tools, fences, etc., in
good shape, and all tools and farm
implements in the dry shed, . ready
when the ground gets in order for
work. . -
Now here is what I especially de
sire to say. I am overwhelmed with
requests to visit individual farms to
assist in sowing grass and clover
seed, andI find it impossible to com
ply with them all: But the thing to
do is not to neglect this important
piece of farm wock. There is no
mystery in getting grass and clover
to grow.. You all know how to pre
pare a piece of land for a good crop
of oats. Now just select -a piece of
land that will grow good oats and
com: prepare as you would for oats,
and sow the grass seed evenly over
the land. If yoV have wheat, rye
j winter oats already, growing on -good,
well prepared land sow. your grass or
clover seed on such land, and run - a
irag harrow oyer: it, or a good brsh,
and expect good, results. - The ; next
week will cover :the . best .time for
spring sowing, and don't neglect to
start the pastures this spring.
l win. be at. Greens Creek. Mill
Spring-, ' Sunny View, "Tryon, Friend
ship church and Columbus, asf adver
tised; or the. purpose of starting or-,
ganiz'ations' in - each township looking
later-to the. organization of a Polk
County Chamber of Commerce for the
better development of all Polk' county,
the towns" as well as the country.
We. want the . farmers - and their
wives to come 'out to these meetings
and help to make this county what it
should be. At . these meetings we
wanjt :to lay the foundation for better
sociaL relations, ; better education, bet
ter -morality; roads, markets and ev
erything that goes to make life, and
living in this world better. . .' r
' Respectfully, '
' J. R. SAMS,- County, AgenC.
. PS. Those f af rotes, who gave or
ders for ' grass seed', Monday March
3rd, "will please call - at my office, Sat
urday afternoon, March 15th,- and get
their seeds, with: instructions for.' sow
ing. ' - ' :.-..- .
KEEP PURE BRED-POULTRY.
West Raleigh,' N. C. ;Marcti, 12, 1919.
Does 'the storekeeper handle low
grade, shoddy goods, when it is pos
sible to handle high-grade material of
good quality at the same price ? If
Jhe di? he WOuld soon losefa11 his cus"
tomers who would rapidly flock to the
man keeping the high-grade articles.
However, all over North Carolina,
farmers and town people are ; keep
ing low-grade, mongrel chickens,
when they can 5 keep purebred fowls
that would give a much greater re
turn for the money invesed. Just why
this is true is, hard to explain, s-ays
Dr. B. F. Kaupp, Poultry Investigator
for the North Carolina Experiment
Station. It seems likely, however,
that it is due to a lack of interest and
appreciatiin for the pure-bred fowls.
,DfiKaupphas , .found Jthat it - is' at
wise financial move for thoaeoare
still keeping scrubs or mongrel chick
ens to sell them, take the money thus
realized, and invest it in , pure-bred
poultry or eggs. The returns secured
from pure-bred , poultry are much
greater than from scrub stock. If
this were not rue, those men who go
info poultry raising as a business
would stock up their places .with the
mongrel stock, vather than the pure
bred stock. However, no up-to-date
poultry farm can be found that does
not keep only pure-bred or standard
bred fowls. If they do keep mon
grels, this indicates that .they are not
conducting their business along the
best lines. One reason why compar
atively low prices are being" received
for North Carolina poultry and eggs
is that there are a large number of
mongrel fowls on the farms "of the.
As a result of his investigations,
Dr. Kaupp states that pure breeds
will produce a better grade and. a
more uniform product, whether this
be eggs or meat. The statement
made by some people that pure-bred
stock is not! so strong and virile as
the mongrel stock is not true and is
misleading. There is no question but
that pure-bred poultry is more profit
able and desirable, from any stand
If impossible to buy nure-bred flock
to begin with, those who desire going
into this business may - purchase at
least a few sittings of eggs of some
pure-bred varieties of chickens to fur
nish the breeding stock for next year.
In this connection, it should be re
membered that a scrub male must
not be kept on the place.
Indications are that pure-bred poul
try is rapidly increasing in popularity
in North Carolina, as tnere is consid
erably more interest in this line of
business this year than in many pre
vious years. r
Commenting on the results of the
Britt-Weaver contest proceedings in
the House, the - Charlotte Observer
says: "Regardless of evidence, the
seat was given to Britt by reason of
the fact; that the Republicans at the
time Had more; votes than the' Dem
ocrats had, just as' it would have
been given Weaver if the Democrats
had been, in control of the situation.
It does not indicate that : Mr. Britt
was elected by. the votes of the.peopla4
of the Tenth Disthict, but it undoupt-.
edly indicates that for the Itime the
Republicans in congress were smarter
than the Democrats." , ;. .. , j
',-;.'. ..' ... . . . "
, Optimistic Thought.
It Is a, bad cause that cannot b9
talked over in public.
NLIVE POULTRY TOPICS.
. Ques. I have tried both indoor and
outdoor brooders bought of manufac
turers, and find them to-be r too hot ;
will run - up too hot before morning
with -. the lowest flame available.
Thought perhaps one could be made
without the use of artificial heat for
our climate. -
AriSi . Cold brooders can be made
and such a brooder is described on
page ; 340 of Poultry. Culture Sanita
tiion and Hygienne, but chicks are
likely to become chilled in cold brood
ers. 'Remember that a large percent
age of losses of . brooder chicks are
due to chilling. If a. brooder becomes
too hot the chicks will be noted to
poke their heads, out around the edges
of the hover and thus select he tem
perature which is best ' suited for
them. It is better, for this reason,
to have the hover portion too hot than
too cold. J " .
Ques. ; I Have raised pure . blood
Buff Rocks for , several yepar s and
find no objection to them except in ar
tificial incubation. Their eggs have a
dark shell and are hard to test out,
and I find the . chicks harder to get
out of the shell, being thicker than
the white strains; so I have decided"to
try the, Single Comb : White Leghorns.
Do you advise this? ; .
Ans. , Brown - eggs have a thicker
shell; than white eggs. The hatcha
bility of white eggs is greater than
that of brown eggs. If you will can
dle your' eggs on the 7th !day you
should not have any ( trouble in recog
nizing the, embryo.- If T you want
birds for eggs alone then get the S.
C. White . Leghorns but be sure that
you get eggs or birds from a high
producing strain. If you want a dual
purpose fowl as is'mostly.the require
ment of. the farm ' then the larger
breeds should . be selected. ' Brown
shells should not .staiid in h the way.
The: BuffPlymcrtttfe- Hpels-. aii extpi-
lent breed. " -"K -
' Ques. Do ' you advise applying
moisture in incubators? If so, How,
and when, and how often and how
much, during the period of incuba
tion? - " -1
Ans. Some incubators are now not
provided with a water pan. This is a
very difficult question to answer be
cause the conditions under which the
incubators are operated is so dilf er
entr As the embryo forms in the egg
there is a-gradual loss of moisture
through the shell. This should be
just so much and no more. If the
room is very dry then we prefer a
water pan placed under the nursery
tray. If the room is quite moist as
some cellars are and the incubator
was riot! provided with a water pan
then I would not bother with a water
pan. .It is a-good plan if water is not
provided and the incubator is in A dry
room to lightly sprinkle with water
at a temperature of 103 deg. F. (ttest
out with incubator thermometer) on
the 10th and 15th, and 18th days.
Many do not sprinkle eggs and get
Ques. Wheat is so high that it is
out of the question to use it for feed
for chickens. What would you rec
ommend to take the place of it?
Ans. We have found in our War
Time Experiments that wheat is not
necessary to get good ; results. We
are feeding and are recommending
corn and cats equal parts. ; Give one
pint in ihe morning and J;he same
quantity in the evening to each . 12
hens. In addition to this they must
be provided with green feed and with
animal food. If they, ha v6 ftJie run of
the barnyard and farm . little else
need be given them as xlong. as the
flock is not over 50 birds but if they
cannot , get worms and bugs then
they must have an additional" mash,
at least one ounce per bird per day in
addition to the grain. Add to wheat
middlings or bran 20 per cent meat
meal. Or the more complex mashes
are good. "
Ques. How long, do- you recom
mend keeping the same rooster with
your flock? " N , ;
Ans. ' You may : keep , the same
"rooster" with your flock ' for two
years. This . will mean breeding his
daughters back onto their sire for one
year. Don't breed together brothers
and ; sisters - ' '
Ques. Do you recommend any par
ticular breeds of chickens for this sec
tion of North Carolina?5
Ans. It. is my opinion that any
breed will do well in that part North
Carolina If I were to choose just
one breed for Polk county I would se
lect the Single Comb; Rhode Island
Red a.a farm utility bird. They just
can't be. beaten. v . .
- Ques. Do you consider the Rhode
Island Red is a first-class bird? "
Ans. v The Rhode Island Reds are
a first-class bird.- They" have been
tried and have been found - not want-'
ing. - There arelalso many other good
breeds and varieties. . K
It might have been well to have in
eluded Hindenburg ;and Ludendorf in
the list of big guns to be turned over'
to the allies. Greenwood Index... No,
neighbor, they. have, been declared ,
worthless junk' and .ordered sent ;', to" - .'
the scrap pile. - H : : ; l;
BLENDED IN SERVICE
8ays Jt Will Take Time For Public T " '
Realize Value Of Th.RedrYriangl
Service To American Fighters.
DeRoy R. Fonvllle.
New York, Feb. ...So unusual fit
the service rendered by DeRoy R. Poiv
ville of Burlington, N. C, in hls,T. M.
C. A. work overseas that Major Gen
eral L. S. Upton has written him
personal letter in appreciation of hla
efforts. ' v '
Mr. Fon ville has returned to ait
home after ten months service With
the Y. M. C. A. H,e was with the Fifth
and Sixth Marines and Ninth and Twenty-third
infantry at Chateau, - Thierry,
Soissons and St. Mihiel. Jt was whilfl
he was in a trench waiting to terrf
the Marines when they "pushed off,"
that a high, explosive shell blew pen
tides of rock into his eyeblinding it, ;
The same shellflre killed James A
Birchby, a Y. MNC. A. secretary from
Pasadena, Cal.', and wounded , anothei.4
Red Triangle workerThomas W.JWilt-;
but, Jr., of New Britain, Conn.
The letter of appreciation that 'win
sent to Mr. Fonvllle by General. Upton
read as follows: T have observed, your .
work as Y. M. C. A. representative oJU
the Ninth infantry for some time and t
wish to convey to you my appreciation
of the uncomplaining and soldierlike
manner in which you hare .undergone
all without the glory that is attached
to the profession of arms. The work
which; you have done had -added' great
ly to the contentment of the men and '
thus to the efficiency of the 7 comV
"My experience gare me anappree
iation of American men and what they
can " go through," said Mr. FonviHe; :
"Our division was a shock unit. 'It
never went any way but forward.' Our t
division alone captured 12,000 prison
ers. Those men appreciated the Y.'
M. C. A. and understood the dif flcuK
ties It had to contend with in getting',
supplies up to. the front. I hare no
complaint to make about losing 'the :
sight of one eye, that is war, but-it
bewilders- me to have known what I
do of the work of the Y In France
and then come home to learn of the
criticisms . being circulated ; here ' l
believe that In due time the , full ap;
preciation of the Y. M. jC. A.'s worH
for victory will.be gineral.
A Little Learning." V
luuowiug are some oi tne to
fiwers recently given In a school exam
ination on general , knowledge;
"Gravitation Is -when an apple falls oa
the floor." ''Benjamin JSYanklln' In
vented lightning."; "The place where
they keep rll' kinds of wild animals is
called a theological garden." "One
of the most 'Important- inTentlons tt
modern times is the Norta Pcle -..i