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- -' :P , , t , POLK COUNTY NEWS, TRYON; N:C. A -k . : ,;.' ,vc.i7,v'---f V
' . W;VJL JL J L J L J 1 J I J L f J J I r V VVJ V r I ' H make' a' man honest: It will make him i lVVf '?;.-'
SZ 1 - .-- : - " - v ' a heroi It Svill. man? blm a. saint. . YTv "- v;
' - GOOD BUILDINGS -FOR, SHEEP Y " " gg SSS.SrS5, v OJl
' ? " ." ' 1 " . 1 V -V " " magnanimous; the srncere With"; the - W5? ' V
yLgp- GigS: VfiAf&t Shou,d Be Dfy we' Drained, Ven- - - ' , , . v SfcV y' -AMvM
tS "d and Furnish Ample Sp.c. t . . Cb0''TWFa IV CQ--.
00 CARE FOR SETTING HEN
Intion Given Fowl Pi.ys Important
Number and Condi
tion of Chicks. : .r .
.- ' 1 -'- -
i I,,- ibA United Stat-ps "Dart-
pi urc.i . v w - - .
sottlns en aunng tne process
C on the number and condition of
chicks iv hen narcnea, see mat
i,eas :ue nuule comfortable oh the
t rrilow them to come on omy once
V there nre any that do not desire
ccr.!0 off . themselves, tney should
tiikdi o.T. Hens usually return to
a Good Type to Select for Laying.
Lir nests before there is any dan-
r of the e?gs chilllug,rbut if they
i not go back in half an hour in or-
Mvy weather, they should be put on
e nest. Where a lr.rge number of
ters are kept in one room it is &d
able to let them "off in groups of
wn four to six at a time. The eggs
id nests should be examined and
paned, removing all broken eggs and
ashing those that are soiled ; In 4he
liter case the soiled nesting material
iould be removed and clean straw
Med. Xests containing bioken eggs
lat the hen is allowed to sit on soon
korne infested with mites and lice,
am-h cause the hens to bectmie un-
isy and -leave the nest, of jten" causing
e loss of valuable sittings of eggs,
mite-infested nests, the hen. If fast-
k'd in, will often be found standing
er rather than sitting on the eggs,
any eggs that are lad in the late
inter and early spring are infertile.
or this reason it is advisable to set
pveral hens at the same tirnci After
ne e?ss have been under the hens
rom five to seven days, the time de-
rndinj: somewhat oh the color and
liickness of the shells white-shelled
srgs being easier to test than" those
uving brown shells--they should be
jested, the infertile eggs and dead
lerms removed, and the fertile eggs
iut back under the hen. In this way it is
ften 'possible to put all the eggs that
pveral hens originally started to sit
n under fewer hens and reset the
thers. For example, 30 eggs are set
nder three hens at the same time, ten
nder each. At the end of seven days
f e find on testing the "'eggs from all
iiie hens that ten are infertile, which
paves us 20 eggs to reset, whicli we
o by putting them under twd hens,
nd have the remaining hen sit over
Rain after she has set only seven
ws. In this way considerable time
pm he saved in one's hatching oper-
tions. ... . .'- ":
The pullets and the ' year-old 'hens
fe the best egg producers.
Market all cockerels not wanted ai
,rHlers at as earlv a date as pos-'
" - .
4 'chicken" is a young fowl, usuall f
w ix months of age. It becomes
,uwl after that period.
une pound of fpjithprs can ' be ee
i Ten ducks, nr frnm fnnr ffPPSe.
Tl'i. . -
"Hi? hfnC T,VAn r- I V..rv mtmvn
..... j. jjtt BUUUiU IIBYC WCru
' grit,- and pure drinking water.
fnnf 8 for hatchlnS should be care
Rt,',, se,'cted, well-formed, with good
v. a arpi m a Temperature ui
rees to CO degrees P.
rhick worth having is th chicle
at relpo.-At, i - .. . .. -...
?1 useii irom tne sneu witn
in, "at- comes
- tlx ir nAik tni.. 11 J.
1,4 rr, miu me.
- . :
" na"u pian -is to set heni
fro" . ' a4 giving the chicks hatched
other v 10 0Tl hen, allowing tha
"ru TO tm harAr fr. lnvtnn UJ.
dent snH?K the mash dissolve suffl-
alt In the Wnfor rltK mV.tn1 M
the J, molsted: In this war
If Km K, . M. WW ABBA WW K 1 r
td. , n m De more evenly distribu
tor 100 of fialt about right
(Prepare4,.by the. United. States Depart
r ment of Agriculture.) ' .
The site for permanent buildings for'
sheep shoujd first of all be dry and
well drained. " Ample yard space that
Is dry and sheltered should be avail
able: adjacent to the 'main barn or
shed. A southen slope with sandy
soil is especially sitisfactory for this
purpose. , : , - -
On most farms it will be advan
tageous to have i he buildings and
yarrlsiensily reachel froni the regular
pastures or from fl ?lds used to grow
forage ; crops for summer pasture. - As
the flock requires attention many time
daily during part of the year, con
venience of location In relation to the
farm dwelling and to other buildings
will effect an economy of time in the
performance of routine labor. -
Since sheep do nor require quarters
chat are especially warm, a single wail
will ' ordinarily insure sufficient
warmth. If lambs are dropped in very
cold weather, a temporary covering
over the lambing x panels will provide
warmth, or a sm II space can be par
titioned off in which to keep a few
ewes until their lambs become strong.
Shade and protection from heat are
peculiarly, necessary for fheep; . Shade"
cannot always be furnished in pas
tii res, and buildings that are well lo-"
cated and constructed so as to render
them cool In summer, will often pro
ride greater comfort to the sheep diir
'Dg hot days than would be possible
for them out of doors.
Dryness and freedom from draft are
most important. , Sheep cannot pos
sibly thrive in quarters that are damp
or dark. In fact, the flock should be
shut in only during storms. Abun
dance of light In all parts f of the
building and at all times is necessary
not only for the health of the sheep,
but for convenience of the shepherd in
caring for them. One square foot of
window for each 20 square feet of floor
space is necessary. Windows should
be placed at a height to insure a good
distribution of lights and particularly
direct sunlight for the lambing pens
during the period 'the ewes are; lamb
ing." ' " :;: .;-i'. " ;": . .'
Close confinement in poorly ven
tilated pens is very injurious to breed-
Government Sheep Shed at Beltsyilte
v "' r. A Farm. :vvrv:-;
ing ewes. While they should seldom
he shut indoors, a part, of the flock will
usually lie inside at night. At lamb
ing and during storms doors should be
closed. For such times it is necessary
to provide means of securing fresh air
without creating drafts. In a very
large '. building with numerous, doors
and windows It is often advisable to
build one or two partitions from floor
to ceiling to prevent drafts. Fresh air
can be admitted through muslin
screened - windows ' opened on the side
opposite to that-from which the. wind
Is blowing i Without causing drafts If
all other sides of the building are
tightly closed. I y
Level and well-drained clay-surfaced
floors, are satisfactory and eco
nomical. Sheep pack the surface very
firmly, and if there Is proper drainage
the only; objection -to. this floor is that
t does not exclude rats. Con
crete floors for alleys and feed rooms
are necessary, but. will seldom be
called for in the pens.- ; .:'
The main features to be provided in
the floor plan, are minimum of waste
space, convenience jind ease In feed
ing and in cleaning the pens, and elim
tnation of the need of moving or dis
turbing the sheep. Pen partitions
should be movable. ' By using feed
racks': to make divisions in the pen
space the size of the pens can be va
ried as needed, and in special cases
the racks can , be removed to permit
the use of the pace for other stock.
LIVE STOCK GAINING FAVOR
Farmer Who -Does Not Raise Animals
. . to Supplement Crops Loses
r ,s Soil Fertility. '
More and more is the tendency, to
ward livestock raising to supplement
crop growing in general farming. The
farmer, who raises" crops, such as
com, .cotton, sorghum, hay. etc., with
out; animals and sells , these product
must sell :tlie f ertiUty coiiMituent at
wholesale and buy meat,, milk, butter;
flour, meal, etcat retail, paying the
high "cosf of . bailing . both itay? i and
iealers profits. Animal raising savet
fertility arid the high-cost ot hauling
Tt is wi-rth while.
Typical ' Scene
PIRUS gard?.i of mythology, in ;
,whos mouncains Greece was;
craqiea, may again come under
Helieric rule if the demands!
nf Greek representatives z the peace
conference are granted. Here are
found th first evidences of that dreek
culture which later permeated v the
world. In the Valley of the Chara
covista, unde. the very shadow of
Olytzika, tit terrible Tom a ros of the
ancients, Villus speak their tale to the
archaeologist of a "civilization ante
dating that of the Greece of today,
says the Kansas City Star. "
Here, myth Iogy has it, Zeus, re
leased from Cliaos. wed Dlone, the
fecund earth,, and from their mating
came , the bcutiful Aphrodite. On
this spot now rest the rains of the
sanctuary, of Aphiodlte, overlooking
the crumbled temple and votive monu
Rnents, and h'dden midstthe oaks and
olives that have enmeshed the val
ley, no doubt is . tlie saered spring,
whose mnrmurings, controlled by the
divine Dione and aphrodite," were ir
terpreted by the temple cracles.
On the side of the hill, to the south
of the citadel, which stood on a prom
ontory in the center of the valley,
have .been found the remains of a
majestic4 theater, its walls shrouded in
vines and trees. '
There, on the site of the Acropolis,
from " which nil the ' plain is spread
out before the traveler, Ulysses called'
up the souls of the dead. I
' From the fateful oaks of Dodona,
towering above the temple and the
ater, Minerva chose the mast of the
beautiful shir Argo, and tit the god of
Dodona Achilles poured out his liba
Kings Descended From "Achilles.
The kings of the Molossians, one of
the many ' tribes into . which Epirus
was divided, asserted direct descent
from: Pyrrhas, son of Achilles, who
settled there after the sack of Troy;
leaving the kingdom to his son Mo
lossus. It was not till the time of
Alexander the Great that these many
tribes were banded together into one
nation. Then Alexander an uncle of
Alexander the Great, was made king
over Epirus by Phillip II., father' of
Alexander the Great, and brought all
the tribes together, the little country
becoming a united kingdom in the
fourth century B. C .
- Since, its history has been tragic.
The scene of continuous turmoil,," it
imprudently espoused the cause of
Perseus ' in 140 B. . C, and, devastated
by' the conquering Komans, was . an
nexed to" the province of Macedonia.
Except for inter-tribal venoetta. there
were few changes till the thirteenth
century, when it was seized by Michel
Angel 1 us Comenus with the taking, of
Constantinople by the Latins. ' ,
" After two, hundred yeais of Latin
and Byzantine rule, with . Albania, it
reverted to the control ..of native
princes, under- whom tribal feuds ; in
creased In ferocity and savagery.
And, weakened by US years of inier
nal fighting. ,t was. an easy prey io
the Turks ir ; the fifteenth century.
Bloody Pule of the Turks.
For a while' lawlessness was quelled,
but, with the oeginning'of the decline
of . the ,Turkieh enii-ire in . the seven
teenth centur , the qjd rule of blood
returned till at thd beginning of the
present century Turkey was unable to
promise safety to travelers within its
Its hills were filled with lawless
bands - whose depredation. the y Otto
man rulers v ere powerless to curb.
.Hiding in ; the fastnesses , of the Pin
dus mountains brigands would swoop
down upon pnek trains, or upon the
valley farms, and be back In their
lairs i before, he. police - could arrive
at the spot and once in their moun
tains tJiey :Wre;saf. . '
Theirs wan the life of the Scotch
Highlanders of ? the tiiae" of the
Stuarts. "' Clan spirit increased as the
yoke; .of the .Mosleni vas lifted,vand
. the law of . i etaliation was, the 7only
effective.,, governmental: ..." instrnmeni.
Blood .for Mood, was tlie rule and
thousands'diei In clan feuds. -r
Inspectors of schools , .founded 1 .;. by
wealthy Epirptes : tffok;. Jheir ; liTCsUn
UheirT idnisylP their
otirs and "t iclr visits . were always
tept secret. Thp .Freneli consul bardry
lared go out cf of Ids. home.
in Epirus. r :'.- J 7
which was birred with iron. Trav-:
elers have hnd to empioy. strong armed
- guards in or.er to pass through, in
safety, and archaeological treasures
of Incalculab e value have remained
buried because of the danger; entailed
in their: discovery. , 1
,In the Balkan , war, Epirus again'
was a bone of contention, and, with
the defeat of Turkey, a part was re
turned to Greece, vhile,. another .sec
tion formed the, southern i portion of
the newly born principality of Al
banla, oh the Ionian sea. An attempt
was made to find a ruler for the' lit
tle monarchy, but 'after a brief -; ex
istenc j unde- Prince', William of Wied,
it again lapsed into anarchy and since
then no meij-lier of European royalty
has sought the job of governing the
turbulent tril es. ' v
Again, in he world war, it came
Into prominence, and it is considered
probable that . the Greek; claim r to
northern Epinis will be allowed. Of
the same race ana the same tradi
tions,, there appears to.be a general
concession on the part of other, na
tions, that Ispirus bgain should be a
part of; Greece. .'
QUAINT-OLD CORNISH- TOWN
Picturesque St.' Ives Graphically De
scribed by Writer in a Chi
cago Newspaper. - -
Built close by the side of its tiny
bay the little fishing town of Saint
Ives huddles over the - water, blend
ing into the rough gray Cornish land
scape. The tiny cottages jumbled
along the narrow, crooked streets are
built of rough stone hewn from na
tive rocks.- 'The quaint old streets
themselves are paved with huge - ir
regular slabs of the same stone. .
In the 1 tiny, crescent-shaped harbor'
the fishing boats rest at anchor dur
ing the day, their tall bare masts,
stripped of canvas, reaching upward
to the sky. Huge white gulls. Saint
Ives own birds, hover and flutter
among the boats arid over the water.,
the murmur of their hundreds of
wings like the voice of the sleepy old
town. : ' , . .: -: "' V
' By the side of their cottage doors or
down by the ; piers the gruff, brown
fishermen sit and smoke, mending
their nets and telling tales of the old
days when the pirates of Saint Ives
were the terror, of the seas; old yarns
that their grandfathers told them, the
grandchildren will tell again. They
themselves are bits of the scenery and
quaint Cornish atmosphere, gruff and
weather beaten, but kindly and gener
ous. At night their tiny boats put out
to sea like a flock of birds, and the
fisherman's working day begins. , :
The little town, smells of. the salt
sea and of the ' fish . drying in each
spotless kitchen... Above each door
hang wet oilskins and huge sea boots
- the fisherman uniform. , The air,
often heavy with mists and fog, is nev
ertheless sweet and clean.
Above the old town built on orderly
modern terraces, ; the new St Ives
perches in arrogant disdain of its hum
ble sister at its feet. But tn little
town itself, supremely unconscious: of
disdain or interest works on and, gos
sips as It has donefor centuries.Nik
sah. in Chicago Daily News, k
Londoners Opposed Bridge. :
When the population of London was
well over a million and its houses lay
for miles on each side of the' river it
was apparently well content with one
London 1 bridge. At' length,- in 1734,
Westminster was ' seized with the de
sire to have a bridge of its own. Ap-'
plication was madev to parliament for
powers, only' to encounter the fiercest
opposition from the' city; the 40,000
watermen, the Inhabitants of -South-wark,
and the west country bargemen,
all : of whom implored tbie commons to
I protect;them against this new enemy
The result was that the bffdge was not
built till 1750.?. Blackfriars,: at , first
called1 Pitt's, bridged waa finished ? in"
1760, at a cost of 260,000? defrayed
by tolls. Waterloo was opened on- the
second anniversary of the, great battle,
fwlth great pomp by the prince regent
in 'person;, accompanied by bis royal
brother, the duke of York, the duke of
Wellington and many, other J dlsUr
- The value of ; v lndesoine food well
prepn retl "a rid ; well - sea son 'U -ca fl n ot be "
overesil ina'Ml. ,
J : V. 'e r n n 1 q u e
Soup. A11 j one
, cupful'.' of v stewed
and sti-ained vtt!na-fos,;-wbith
atl'led' . one-eight li
t( aspo p n f, li 1. o f
sla. to three cup-
fills of veal , broth. ; Thickfn with one
and one-half tablespooiifulsJ "each of
butter and flour cooked together ; then
add one and, one-half tea spoon ftfls of.
salt. Si flash of c;.'Jine. ontbalf cujv
Tul of cooked rice, one and.Wuie-half
plnientoes cut In strips, and one-fourth
cupful of boavj cream! ' - ' .A - - ,
I Rhubarb Tapioca Pudding. Sak
two-thiifls cupful , of poa:i tapioca
over ni'zht in cold water 'lo cover.
Drain, put in a double boiler add one
and one-fourth cupfuls of boiling water
and two-thiitls teasponful of salt ;
cook until the tapioca has ahsorljed the
water. . Peel i hubarb and - cut in one
fourth Inch pieces--tbere should -;, be
three cupful s; then siuinUle with one
third cupful of sugar. Add to the
tapioca and ck until the tapioca, is
Transparent and rhubarb soft. Turn
into a serving; dish . and accompany
wit h sugar, and thin cream.
Meat Loaf. Chop one pound of veal
and two , pounds of beef, Mix and
add one cupful of . bread crumbs, one
cupful of milk, . one teaspoonful of
sIt one-eighth teaspoonful of. pepper
and. three eggs slightly beaten. Shape
Inv loaf, put in pan and layyacross the
top six slices of ft salt pork. Roast
one and one-half : hours, basting, every
ten minutes at first with one-half cup
ful of hot; water and the fat in the
pan. Keniove to a hot.platter. our
around a tomato or brown sauce and
garnish with parsley." ; . , ;.
Stuffed Figs.1 Mash cream cheese,
moistenwith heavy cream and season
h!ghly with salt and cayenne ; make
into balls three-fourths inch In dia
meter. Wash and dry figs, make an (n-"cisldn-
iri each arid stuff With the
plate covered with a lace paper doily.
And the finest f;'16w of all would be
the one who could be'Vgrlad to have -lived
because the "world was chifly
miserable, and-his. Ufe had come to
help some one who needed, it. George
Eliot. ' ' . ' .. '
A pint of ,nlce berries,: will fumlsh
plenty of dessert for a family of five
or six. If the berries are
used wisely. A most
dainty dessert Is either
angel food' or sponge
cake . cut T.n : rounds,
heaped with crushed ber
ries mixed ; with whipped
cream or the nerries may
be covered with the
; cream. - :
. Cottage P u d d i n g
Strawberry , Sauce. Bake a cottage
pudding In an- angel; cake . pan. or a
simple sponge cake mixture may - he
used. . Remove .from the pan.. to.
serving, dish, fill, the center , with
sweetened and flavored whipped cream
and pour around It , a sauce using
some crushed berries to .make juice,
sugar and a few sliced or quartered
berries. t Keep warm until .serving
time". -v;y . -V; ':. .f; : 0. ' --r", '
.. Strawberry Ice Cream. Wash, - hull
and mash' one quart of berries. Sprin
kle with a cup of sugar and let stand
for three hours, then mash ind squeeze
through a double thickness of cheese
cloth.s Mix one and one-half ." cupfuls
of heavy cream, one and one-half ; cup-
fuls of miliv. the whites of four eggs
beaten stiff and a little salt : Freeze 1
to a mush,- then add the' strawberry
-juice arid continue freezing.- More
sugar-may be added if tlie fruit Ms
quite acid. t-U;T ;V;''?jr:;:i;
j Steamed Rice-Strawberry Sauce.
Cook one cupful of rice In milk until
well ""done but whole. For the sauce
take three tablespoonf uls of Softened
butter, add one cupful of powdered su-"
gar, mixing it until creamy, then stir' inv
a half cupful of whppel cream and a
pint of sliced strawberries, which have
.been slightly sweetened. Serve at
once. " '
Lenox Strawberries. Fill sherbet
glasses with sliced strawberries; that
have been, well chilled. - Pour over the
following; mixture : .Mix, the Juice of
half an orange, J our .''tablespoonf rils of
sugar, and a tablespoonf ul . of .charged
water. Garnish with a ring of piped
whlp'pett cream, arourid the, edge. -Allow,
this quantity .for each portion..
- A few strawberries-add much to. the
appearance - and flavor ' of - any. , fruit
salad and ; as a garnish for ice cream
nothing is V nicer., than, fresh berriel
crushed with sugar; using equal tparti?
of each. Berrie-v the mall . ones; 'when
crushed and . mixed wlh:: equal part
of sugar, will Iceepi indefinitely If in a
cool, place.; This preserve jnay be .used
In- .countless .ways. ....
STRAWBERRY EASY TO GRQ3
Like Other Crops, the Greater C
tural Care .They Receive, .the V
Greater the Yield. . .f
,- f . . v-,- i .
' ' . .... ? "
During the last two years the few
situation was such that nearly all of
the efforts of the farmers and ganin -ers
ji'ere directed Jn such a way tn.
the maximum amount of food, conkl W
produced., -.Along", horticultural liwe
during this period the productioa
fruit has been so ""Sidetracked that
there has been a decided shortage T
fruit and particulaiiy that of aisaK
fruit f . t " .;
Several times the arriouiit of strkrn"
berries that we" produce could be'ca
sumed by our own people if the snifply :
was available. Every farm "that w3ST
grow corn is capable of . pradsclsr:
strawberries. In view of the fact tiot
the food situation now ? is not Reanr9jr
so acute as it wasi we are warrant
in urging people to plant Mrarbrrir ,
beds'for home use, as weir as for coas
raercial purposes. , n . ' r-
The strawberry Jbuslness is teybt
the experimental stage. Senator Dwo
lap, Warfield, Biederwood, as vell st
many othe,r varieties, can be .siceiraK
fully grown In almost any state. ;-Cte-'
like any other fruit, a full crop ca
be secured one year after the plantar
are set out Other srnall t ruins. RUwi .
raspberries and currants; require 'tx
to three years to reach maturity, wkfle,
idA.- ...--. sift
Yield ' of
the apple requires
years to come into
eight . to: fiftetr
a period of taSL
bearing.' - .
, Strawberries are 1 easy, to grow, feu;
like other crops, , the greater the call-,
tural care they receive,,' the greatrjr
will be the yield. A few rim's rommSasj
across the average farm garden rH5
produce all a family can-use. An ajpr
of well-tilled strawberries w!U jieJ,
anywhere from a few thousand vp to
6,000 or 8,000 quarts in one. feeasoau. -c
Iowa has been decidedly ; sliort "s
fruit the past few years, and fcins'
other food products. None of the Iwar
rles shipped in from the large protfwe
ing districts can compare with tte-home-grown
product At 20 tf5J
cent s a quart, the prl ce tha t pteWifinB ..
the last two years, the per capita -sumption
is small,' but with .KOppy
available in the ga rdens the per cap
ita , consumption will depend only m
the " capacity of , the family.. : -
Trie plant diseases and Instd fasi
work; On' ! the strawberries as a: rote
arr,not,serious.'.-.i-The-scrop'H as per
tain as any that- we grow. The tfli .
dle sWest; and particularly, Iowa, Is fa
need:of: thousands of farmers and cxf
deners who. will plant new beds U?
IDEAL FARM HOME ORCHARD
.-. i, i .- .' . , .j i
It Should - Contain .Several Kinds 9 r
Fruit of Varieties Ripening One
" f ; After Another.
(Prepared by.: the United States Drpaxs
. . : r ; ment of Agriculture.) , :
The Ideal home orchard should. ,
tain several kinds of fruit, represestinZ
in many cases by a considerable casar
berjot, varieties ripening one after var
other over a long period.-; Large yletia,
good shipping, quality -and attractive
ness in appearance all may be cade
secorilary to high dessert quality or
special excellence for cooiing
APPLE- KIHG.OFULL FTOJITS
Crop of 1918 Had Value cf $2C3,C.:
or Three-Eighths of VaJafl :r
-r-t of All Fruits
'(Prejred by ;the United States .DescV
t ij of Agriculture.) . v. r
,v " The apple is the kuig -of" frcit. la,
;value,Pf crop aSWell.as in the iapa
Uoniof apple lovers. V For the cn:'
rop" of 1916 avalue of : C2C0jE2r3
las been estimated, . or nearly tiro
: Ighths of the value of all fixltx . ,