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POLK CQUNTY. NEWS. TBYQN, H. Q..
ttSE WORLD OVER
: IMPOftTANT HAPPENINGS OF THI
W AND OTHER NATIONS FOR
ink-. .. Z. v w f in .;! .-r tj-'iOo
SEVEN DAYS GIVEN
What It Taking Place li Ths Scuth.
V land Will Be ; Found In '. '
v. v - Brief Paragraphs, .
.General, Mangin, t one .of the. leading,
officers of the French army, . will v be
recalled from his command at May
ence to "undertake a mission the "char
acter and scope of which "Is indicat
ed plainly by the events in Hungary."
' f, Italian trpops have occupied . the
town of . Pressburg, thirty:five miles
southeast of Vienna, on the Hungarian
side, of the border. . ,; -
. The delivery of German ' merchant
lhipsJ;o the allies continues. Various
vessels of the Hansa line have sailed
from Bremen and several of the North
German-Lloyd steamers had already
gotten under way.
All "the members 'of the allied mili
tary missions except" one American of
ficer have left Budapest. 1
Martial iaW has been declared all
over ' Czecho-Sto vakia as a resutl of
evnte jin'; Hungary- ' J .. '
. It is ' annbunced that allied troops
occupying " Arad and Szegedin on the
Maros and Theiss rivers have J been
. Officials reports of the riots in
Egypt show that two thousand houses
liave ' been ' sacked. V
Many British soldiers were murder
ed andt a mob sacked and burned the
stations of El Rekk ah and El Wasta,
Id Egypt. ' ;
An express train from Cairo, Egypt,
was pillaged and several trains were
sacked. An employee of the state
railway was .murdered,'
Brig. Gen. W. P. Richardson, U. S. A.,
has been given command of the Unit
ed States mission into northern Rus
sia, which will leave London i in a few
days with a fair-sized .detachment, of
United States engineers. ;
Increased precautions have' been
aken to ' safeguard President Wilson
and the premiers with whom he is in
i daily conference in Paris, J ,
Defending the niilitary service bill In
the house of .commons, "Winston Spen-
: cer Churchill, secretary of war. declar
ed that the whole of Egypt was in a
virtual state, of insurrection-. The . po-
- siitno is so ' dangerous;, 1 he f says, that
the .government had to appeal to men
on the point of . demobilization to re
turn and save their comrades from be
ing murdered., , .
The Spanish government has agreed
to withdraw" its resignation owing to
the general strike in Barcelona, and
has proclaimed martial law throughout
' Spaing Troops are now. occupying the
chief streets of Barcelona in order to
insure the carrying out of the public
. services . . z ,..; . - : ., .....
"An American amendment to protect
nations against the influx ; of foreign
labor was adopted by the league of na
tions .commission. It affirms the right
of any. country in the league to, con
trol matters solely within domestic
r The urgency for. concluding , peace
' may be; read in the decision of the
' great powers to, makea big effort to
have the peace treaty ready by the
first week in April. Some think it has
become a race between peace and an
archy.p . -
Former Emperor Charles of Austria
Iunga:ry; and his family have left Ek
artsau castle . on & special train for.
'Attorney General Palmer announces
" that four thousand enemy aliens were
interned during the war. He said pa
roles .would be granted to some 600
; 4 of the harmless class, others would be
i- repatriated and 900 dangerous persons
would be turned over" to the depart
ment of labor with" the recommenda
tion that they be deported. , .
Five German -surrendered subma
... rineswill shortly leave England for
the United States." They will be' con
voyed by the submarine tender Bush
nell. , Victorious veterans, heroies pt Flan
ders fields, "oh which Prussian pride
was broken, 26,000 men o the twenty
seventh division, came back to Fifth
, avenue," New York, for . their triumphal
review. '. " "' ' " ;).-:
The government's billion' dollar fund
for 'financing foreign trade soon will be
opened to American importers through
- loans .:, from the war finance , corporaH
tlon. . , , ' ...-.-;, J
5 - The navy department at Washing
ton announces that preparations for
- the' attempted flight of a nayy sea
. plane across the Atlantic ocean are
going vfiteadi)y, forward, t v,.j ,
r i Joseph, E. r. Rutherford, i president, of
the " International Bible Students' " As
sociation, which : was - founc'nj ; bys he
" late' tTaatoV Russell, and heven'otii-
er 'members v of the a$dsciation who
were convicted TecenMy : ln: the federal
court 'in Brooklyn, on - charge f vvio-r
- latlng ?the r espionage . act.axave ben
ordered released vby the United .State
circuit! court - of appeals in . .ten thou
FSLndndollars bail: each,? jV'iV:-W.v'--
J. Cate : and ; Kk J. Hammond 8to
d ent ? aviators-of henaval station! At
Penscola. Flai.'rereikilledv.wnen om
of I ho fcydro airplanes fell Into thft
tar." ' -
Frisco trkitf No. 8tli en: rente; tyom:
SS ;Louiift4 Mejmphis wM jietd up' be-;
tWeen a'riarf; rfc.r lk.nd 'BridgV June-!
tlon at niglit. ,by three masked men,'
who escapeWttli .about six thousand;
Herding, fourteen, persons, including
exelfvfomUVi'iio the lava ?
tory and the vault oi theJ West Side-branch-of
the ; CoiMnionwealthft Stale:
bandits robbed the institution;of $10,
000 in cash and unregistered Liberty
Bonds t which, officials, say, . may. ex-:
ceed sixty-five thousand dollars . in;
value. .... v.;.;;it.....r.--rs--
; A dispatch sent put from New York,
Says that thbusanai' 'of T Jews;-were-slaughtered
in Buenos Aires on Jan-:
uary. 9. , The massacre followed a ru
mor that the Jews were inciting a Bol
shevik movement in Argentina, , . ; '
Announcement is made that April 10
has been. fixed as the date for'a con
ference sin Memphis, Tenn., of cotton
planters, bankers and representatives
of Southern business interests with
state and federal officials-to consider
the formation of a cotton exporting
corporation. . ; .
Two aviators Lieutenants Burns
of Indianapolis and Mathews of Ithaca,
N. ,Y: were killed hear Arcadia, Fla:t
in a fall estimated at fifteen hundred
feet . ;
The body ef Abraham .Lincoln Ram
sey, three-year-old boyvwho attempted
to follow his sisters to a country store
in Newport, Tenn., and being turned
back took; the wrong fork, of the road
and disappeared, has been found in a
hollow log about three miles from his
home. . . ' : . 1 " ' . t ' , ;
; Sixty rnine officers and three thou
sand and forty-two men belonging to
units of the thirtieth division, which
broke through the supposedly impreg
nable line of. Hindenburg, "have de
barked in Charleston, S. C.
An immediate. call. for 50,000 volun
teersf or service in Europe has been
prepared by the war department. . As
an. incentive to enlistment the men "will
be 'offered early duty in France as a
relief for men in the expeditionary
forces who wish to return home. En
listment in this special force will be
for three years.' The men will be con
centrated at Camp ' Meade.
Washington , , . ; . ' ( :
The steamer Cleveland, the first of
the twelve German, ships allotted- to
the United States rf or bringing troops
homej has been placed in commission,
the navy department has been ad
vised. A cablegram from Portugal says an
American fleet, of thirty-nine warships
from Brest anchored at Lisbon.
. An increase of. 50 per cent in the
exports of - breadsutffs in . the first
eight months of the fiscal, year is
shown in figures made public by, the
bureau of foreign and; domestic com
mercel . . - . .., .. . -
Meat and. dairy exports increased
from '$274,851,044 the last fiscal year
to $629,195,589 in the first eight
months of this fiscal year. vv
General Pershing reports to the war
department that; there are still 5,500
officers and men of the expeditionary y
forces listed as missing. This total
compares with the British official fig
ures of 161,800 inissing and the French
of 290,000. 1 i ' ' ? ?
Sales to foreign governments of
more than two hundred million dollars'
worth of surplus war supplies are an
nounced by the war department.
. President Wilson has issued the fol
lowing statement: "In view of the very
surprising impression which seems to
exist, in some quarters tha tit is the
discussions of the commission on the
league of nations that are delaying the
final' formulation of peace,, I am very
glad to take the opportunity of report
ing that the conclusions of this, com-
i mission were the first to be laid be
fore the plenary conference." "
Constitutionality of the Arizona act
of 1913 limiting employment of women
to eight hours a - day has 'been upheld
by the United States ' Supreme court
in disposing of appeals in which the
act was attacked on theground of dis
crimination. . '
Under automatic control an airplane
capable of carrying a heavy load and
without any . human being board to
guide it, has made a trip of more than
a hundred miles and landed within a
very short distance of the point if was
sent to reach. ' . ' " :
': A San Francisco dispatch says that
confirmation of the execution of jthe
former emperor of Russia and hiy wife
and daughters under particularly re
volting conditions by Anarchist trooops
has been given here by Gen. Robert C.
Paris, one of the first French officers
to be assigned to the Czecho-Slovak
army in Russia.' General Paris is on
his way home to make an official re
port o( the oqcurrence to the FreD c.h
He arrived at San Fran-
ciscO from Vladivostok.
"Early one morning the czar was taken
from an upstairs "room "and stood up
against the wall in . the - basement of
the house. .There he was shot, after
which., the' czarina was shot and then
her daughters and other members of
the household." "K ' : ; y ,
Casualties 'among the 5 American
medical officers of the American ' ex
peditiohary' forcerin France from the
time :of the arrival of the "first units
tq;,March;;humber 422.;; -'1';?
: Navai seaplahes" that are to attempt
a flight across Uie Atlantic ocean ih
May wllUstart from : Rockawaf beach
Lilt; Imi- kte actual uinping; xstt
plabe.ill be much farther Up thef 'coast
possibly at some point in New Found
h fftCM1!'tbe superdeadhaugnt'
the, larjgestrfightihg- ''nsins-8lifpt':tit
is. ja Ifioat, went into commission as prf,
iiliaXJnited State t Camden, i fj
This bullock saved big gun from the Turks iri tlu British campaign on
the Tigris. For this the British government hus ulloted Ita penstoi of.twQ
cents per day for life. . -: ':'":: "' '
Interned in Hungary Upon Allies'
Demands,; His Guards
. Were Friendly.
FOILED BY ALERT OFFICER
French Lieutenant Cuts Wires and
Entertains Guard Officer Until "
Cavalry Arrives Marshal Is
' Furious at Being Balked. .
Paris. From one of the French offi
cers concerned in the affair a New
York World correspondent obtained
the hitherto. unpublished story of the
extraordinary capture'of the German
Held Marshal yon Mnckensen, at pres
ent a prisoner in a chateau near Tern
eSfar, Hungary, belonging to Count
Chotek. ; .;.
"Under the terms of the armistice
signed with Austria-Hungary the al
lies insisted that Mackensen and his
entire army, which had fled from Rou
mania to Hungary In a vain effort
to reach Germany, should be interned
by the Hungarians. The marshal hlm
self ' was Quartered in t the castle Qf
Foth. ; . -. . , : '.r ,
Towartl the end of December, learnT
ing thnt Mackensen.;was planning to
escape to Germany, Colonel Vix, com
manding the French mission In Buda
pest, applied to French headquarters
in Belgrade for permission to place
him under arrest and for the force
necessary to accomplish this end.
Meanwhile he surrounded the castle
of Foth .with French secret agents.
From ; the latter came , reports that
Mackensen's ; baggage had already
been sent . off and that the marshal
himself Intended to get away In an
automobile at five o'clock the next aft
ernoon, -December 31.
Cuts Telephone Wires.
' Colonel Vix immediately dispatched
Lieutenant Genevrler, an exception
ally able Intelligence officer, to Foth
by motor. The lieutenant reached, his
destination in the night and Immedi
ately cut all the telephone wires con
necting the castle with the outside
world. Thus Mackensen was unable
to communicate with his general staff
and the other elements-of his army.
His isolation, however, 'was not discov
ered until an hour or so before the
time set for '- his departure uext day.
Mackensen ' wanted to send a final
message to his staff. When he found
the telephone "out of order" he de
cided to wait in the chateau until com
munication could be re-established.
This was extremely fortunate for
Lieutenant Genevrler, 'V for the re
enforcements, without which the, ar
rest could not11 be carried out, had not
yet arrived. Four squadrons of Spahi
cavalry were on their way by train
from Belgrade, but there were unfore
seen delays, and at five o'clock In the
afternoon the hour of Mackensen's
intended flight the lieutenant had no
news of. them. Moreover, the cutting
of the telephone wires might be de-
y Lewis. Washington, had in its
A ranks a chronif whistler . t ?
p4 barracks, at drill, everywhere JJ
A nnit .alt (ha 4lmA. kl ' .Uj. " Kit
ft whistled. Suggestions, threats, C
Ji was no stopping: his whistling. j J
Flnallyan officer -,: took th J
Q man an irana a :t s i w
X ' You stand out. there nt nt.
A obeved- - .?" , w
! i For? one liour he- stood in. the A
company: street, .whistling "The J
ft tarrSpangleJ Banner ? vi 'J1
And for. an : hour officers - and , H
Soldier stood at attention .with $
WHISTLER GOT EVEN FOR
p ONE HOUR'S SENTENCE
M One of the units at Camn W
y ;'.n.oui in icgaru io -ins rajsi-f ri
M eal efforts all rolled off him like &
J water, off a duck's back. There
jr ' tention.'': the officer commanded, A
."'and whistle f or-an Aour.'V 1 ) $
& The is soldier, arrinned . nmi A
..'- -t., - ....... ;.. ,, ..... ,;
tected at any moment, and such a dis
covery would impel Mackensen ' to
leave at- once. v- ; c- '
;The marshal was- nomlnHlfy 1h rthe
custody of Hungary," but the- Hunga
rian guards posted at the chnteau
were favoral)ly disposal toward him
and quite ready to see him get awny;
penevrler kney 'that the '.-ofiicor. com
manding these guards suspected ; the
presence In the vicinity of ' French
agents, and that If he heard of Mack
ensen's trouble with the telephone he
would Immediately r deduce thnt , the
Frenchmen were the cause of it,
' The, lieutenant therefore determined
to entice the Hungarian commander
away from, the guardroom on' the out
skirts 'of the chateau.
, . V Marshal Is Peeved. :
-While he was. regaling Mackensen's
jailer-ally in the village inn with tales
of tliat dear Paree which In . bygone
years the , latter had . known , and
adored, Lieutenant Genevrler heard
the sound of galloping hoofs. He went
to; the door apd saw the Spa his charg
ing up to the chateau of Foth. Point-
' .... -. .. ... .
American Lieutenant on Outpost
" Duty at "Stepping Off "
Has Quarters in Great .Castle at
Coblenz, and Under Antl-Fraternizing
Order He Cannot Visit
With Other-Inhabitants. :
Coblenz. In a great castle on a hill
and with a count ". and countess and
their four - daughters as his nearest
neighbors dwells today the lonesomest
American in all the occupied territory
of Germany.. He Is.: Lieut. John W.
Scott of : Detroit, commanding . Com
pany K, Twenty-eighth infantry, on
outpost duty at the r"stepping ofr
pia ""e of the Coblenz bridgehead where
it skirts a beautiful valley stretching
away toward Berlin.
Just across the hallway from the
quarters of the lieutenant ou the sec
ond . floor of the 'castle. Count and
Countess von Walderdorf have been
allowed to remain by courtesy of army
officers. " But4 the Germans keep r to,
themselves, ' looking upon the - Ameri
cans as Invaders, and an army anti
f raternizatiou ; order prohibits Lieuten
ant Scott f rom , visiting them, ; 5
Spends Evenings Alone. ' "r
On the first floor of the,castle 50
American soldiers have their beds and;:
mess and a large lifting room where Z
they play cards and enjoy ea eh other s.
company : during the long winter . eye-;
nings and tell of their, war experiences.'
and .of all the,yonderful "things they in
t?nd to dq when they get 'home, again;;
Lieutenant Scott spends his evenings,"
alone, devouring booh; after book. J: -j-;
Visitors are few. at this furthermost
outpost across , the Rhine twenty miles
from Coblenz. During the day the lieu
tenant makes his rounds, visiting. one
sentinel after another, always alone.
At the foot of the hill .crowned by the
castle of, Molsberg is the village of
Molsberg, of which Lieutenant Scott is
military commander, but he talks to
the townspeople-only on questions; of
business. - And so, day after , day, the
lieutenant meets no one excepting h!s
soldiers and the ' civilians on routine
matters . of duty. .; m' .
I The, meals of this Joneliest of Araer.
leans are served In his quarters, where
be; dines, nlone rvi th giddy vgreen, war
rior tapestry. figures gazing down . upon
him -from their places on the walls.
just where; they were hung something j
jike 300 yeans ago. - The figures of one
panel lecture a gay and Jollyparty andi
all the others suggest rwmpionsljip;
in y some: form. . . V X ....
headquarters, but Its use is restricted
ing them out4of his fhagri ned onuxhii-'
Ion hef exclaimed? "Sty vJobMs 'done Vf
and- hurried nout to jolrt the trooped
oloneM Goesperenu. whcomiuanav
ed the cavalry "forces, entered the ehth'
tea u and demanded to seeiMackejisen
The;., raftrshftli ; furious nt -haying. been
ontmaneuvered sen t . back a flatf re-,
to;0uespereau said quietly : "Tell him
ultfess, tie ; coDsents.'tp, see? tne dromer;
dlately I shall haye: myf Spahls tweak:
downf;thec! dpor Off his room. '4:4
J Mackensen sa f Jn .and rceiyedthe,
colpnfl iprthwi.:'J.;V;:r z;,'rii?
niA ' TTftt-Tirrtfi co tn fori hfm ' ntlfl
sajdi SJr, ,ou nre ,my prisoner. a.
myself . that you J werehere.V'hat is
"I iinderstand.n the Field 'Marshal
replied inJow Jones. ; : : .
i A week later he 'n removes? In . a
special - train to- the Chotek chateau,
where . he will, remain interned - until
the conclusion of. peace. ,y r v .
BUILD 300,000 BRITISH HOMES
Government Adopts Plans to Settle the
Housing Problem, and Abol-
fT-.-"'-' r- ishV the" Slums, f - , y'"
" London. This country neels imme
diately at least 300,000 - dwellings for
Its working classes; according to Dr.
ChrWopher Addison, 'president of the
local government board; whose housing
scheme Jias just been approved by the
British Var cabinet: A bill outlining
his Jdeas ' is to be presented soon to
the house of commons.
State assistance -will be .given only .
within the next 12 months to schemes
submitted . to the local government
board and must.be carried out within
the next two years. ' L - t;
Housing .commissioners are being ai
polnted to help the various authorities,
eacli commissioner to have a staff.
Including an architect and a surveyor.
Fittings are to be standard iml. "but
this does not mean," Doctor Addison's
statement says, "that " houses are to
be built on one pattern. The govern
ment Is anxious to avoid any such -
lumlty." ."VvV.''' ' '.'--'
In order to do away with "slums' it,
Is proposed. the saWe financial aid be
given for clearing and improving in
si nitary , areaw a for building new
houses on new" sites. ; ' .
Too Much Realism.
New York. Kd ward Dillon, director
of moving' pictures, says he's off
scenarios calling for holdups. To make
one realistic heother day, he ' hired a
former, stick-up man. Now he has no
watch: , :,: '
to' business only. There are other con
veniences, tdo, including electric lights
and running water, and a wonderful
stove Ireachlrig halfway to the celling,
and , at the bottom, the" old German
maker's name and the date, 1764. But
to the lonely lieutenant even the fire
In the stove sometimes eems almost
cold. - v."-r-;;-1,-
- Lieutenant Scott's nearest American
officer neighbor is five or six . miles
away out across the 8,000 acres owned
bythe count. After dark ylsits are out
of the 'question. And so, when over
come by lonesomeness and . weariness
from reading, the lieutenant tumbles
Into a seventeenth century . bed which
stands In the same position it has been
all these years.-. Ana within easy reach
is the telephone, by which he; knows
eventually will come the welcome news,
for which so long he has been longing
-7" We've been ordered home.'
MRS. BALINE BEALE
? Wrs.; ; Valine : Beale. ,why . wa aiIsw
I Harriet ..Blaine,-Vaughter "-of I the, late
jfajne ; .A wame, ward r.vlsitor, n
gracious and companionate.
1 . iPW
a ii;-x Dsvr wCw 1
BY AMERICAN DELEGATION
: SPEED UP THE WORK.
Certain Amendments Have Been
'Agreed Upon That Are Designed to
Si : r .Meet Criticism at Home.
' Paris. Persistent efforts, principal,
lybv. the American delegates, but sec
onded for the most art by the British
and Italians, to speed up the work
of - the; various-councils and commis
sions preparing the details of the peac&
treaty, resulted in better progress dur
ing the closing days of the pst week
That : most -important - results will b
attained i during , the . present week is
predicted - by those who are in a posi
tion o speak, including the disposi
tion of thre Monroe doctrine and repa
rations, the. two subjects which have
been the main obstacles to the com
pletion r the treaty.
.The most stubbornly contested sub
ject was that of reparations, and it
is suggested that the delay in this
case cannot be charged up to the
Americans but rathe! to the pre-election
promises of Premier Lloyd George
and ; Premier Clemenceau to make the
Germans pay the whole cost of the
war, which have led to some embar
Assment. because of the patent ina
bility of the enemy to pay more than
a fraction of the enormous indemnity
that will be required for that purpose.
Howeyer, real progress has been
made in bringing about an agreement
on the. total amount, of ..indemnity and
the terms of payment, oi a basis of
painstaking. studies of the exact state
of German industries and resources,
at the present time and prospects for
the future made by the financial com
missions of the conference.
Althotgh President Wilson has stat
ed y that the - league of 'nations cove
nant did not delay the progress of the
treaty, because the work of the other
commissions was equally essential to
its 1 completion, th e subject has been
the subject of much anxiety and
close study during the past week. The
desire of the American delegates to
safeguard the - -Monroe doctrine and
to insert-1 othen-amendments to meet
home criticism has temporarilv pre
vented thet report of the revised cove
nant from being, submitted to a plen
ary, meeting: of the conference.
THE NEW ROCKET SAID TO
. BE TERRIBLE ENGINE OF WAR
. Worcester, Mass.. Dr. Robert P.
Goddard, professor of physics at Clark
College, acting under , the patronage
of the United States war department,
the Smithsonian Institution, Clark Uni
versity and Worcester Polytechnic In
stitute, has Invented a new rocket that
Is reported to i be a terrible engine of
war, with an altitude range of 70 miles
straight up into the air and a distance
range of at ; least 200 mifee.
i The Goddard rocket is propelled by
a perfected gas engine installed in
the lower part ' of .the . shell, the ex
plosions that generate the power com
ing from cartridges that are fed into
the .chamber . by a clock-like time de
vice. -The .rocket . does not require a
cannon, to start it on' its flight, the
journey . beginning from any point
"wrliere man can get; The weapon
feature of the rocket Is in the head.
GERMAN , OBJECTIONS MAY BE
r DISREGARDED, BY., THE ALLIES
- Paris. The Temnjs says that the
allied , and .associated governments
seem tq haye - decided to disregard
tne v German ... objections concerning:
Danzig and to. land, by force if nec
essary; Polish troops at this Baltic
searLy'T:.' ZtS'' ; " y ' ;
The. newspaper adds thatf con
cerning the auestion of the. Polish
frontier the allied governments seem
Inclined ', to? create ..about .Danrg a
neutral state in "order to avoid attach
ing this part of the coast either to
Germany or to Poland. -
. SOUTH SHOW IMPROVEMENT.
Washington, ;The? reports, to the
department "of labor from its field"
agents this week nw a decided im
provement in building and construc
; "A decided optimistic one is found
In reports during. the last 10 days."
The southeastern states show great
ei.Jmprovement than any other groun.
Nfw "York city leads with the south
iiext Tt will be, some days before the
south i ;baW to .normal,
GR AV.'f SJTyATIONw EXISTS
IN.- FOREIGN RELATIONS-
i vBeilinv-'rhe allied. , note "v.regardl K
tbe landing xf( General Ipaller's troops'
at0Danrig has, created arrave aitua
tlon, f oreh,;rebOTSe ultimater
k mated.says isjtotrhtp, .'Th .Vos-
tscn-i.eitung.lronx. Weimar.,;, ? . ,
; - ; Bef orediVntchingV 4ti reply, V, the
nj ssage 1 addal .''.obfTjBrime'nt'. .con
sulted aJL tlj Vpy Readers,, and th
ato 'said to hare given" the German
taswer their unqnaitSed' approval