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: POLK COUNT NEWS. TRYONN. C.
BRIDGE GRAFT SAVlsTRES,
Machine Should Be Placed in Fairlv
Many Injuries Made by Mice and
Warm Room and Protected Against
OutsideChanges, . ,
Xf biU May Be Repaired-Sua
Scald", Can Be Remedied.
mmkm nnififi PiifitetHiMs .apiisiB mmmw
1-5 r maV"?nll walla T " f ' m t - f frit
,v,n united States Depart- - : :-x;r .f',-A' -'-ii7r.-n, II fiSaSSiiSSia;,: - II
of AKTlCUHUio.;. ..... I nB OCO I 1 LitKKY" , nlcure !S ! I - . II
,f kei sheep on wet latd.
noM'f feed moldy or spoiled hay,
r, nnn't foreet to keep salt and
L h wr before the sheep. . , , , ;
r. noffiect the sheep in wlh-
r-.n thom in cood condition.
r : poll t 101 l i''6
hrppdins ano. laraumg .wuic
'pon't lft the lamb go too, long
...niit sucking. : '. ;",.r'S
1 tw- nprlect to f ?ed the lainh
. na if ctifta pntinir.
Lain as M'uit iic :
rnon t let parasites kill your lamb
I 9, Don 1 hi 1 :;J ..
interest Young People)
for lack of some fresh green pasture.
10 Don't shear your ewes until
warm weather comes.
11. Don't tie your fleeces with any
thing but wool or paper twine; V- ' A
12. Don t liesilate to ask any ques
tions of the county agent, or write to
the department of agriculture at
Washington, D. C.
FINISH ANIMALS FOR MARKET
Hirses, Cattle and Some Classes of
Sheep Can Be Fed Quantities
Animals being fattened for market
ind auimals during., the first Syeax of
their growth should not be expected
to consume large quantities of cheap
roughage, but horses, cattle and some
classes of sheep that are being car
ried through the winter can be fed
rations carrying appreciable quantities
of cheaper roughage, provided they
ire properly supplemented with nitrog
enous feeds of the rieht sort, such as
leguminous hays or linseed or cot
tonseed meal. " ; ' ' '; '
PROPER WAY TO FEED SHEEP
During Stormy Weather Feed Them
in Shed in Long Manger Con
structed for That Purpose.
Never feed straw and hay to the
sheep by throwing it down ' in heaps .
on tne ground, but have a. long rack
w tne purnose: "and when lr is
tormy do not allow them" to stnv out.
but feed thera inside ; the shed: in a
wng manger made for the purpose.1
t4n"nty en B9IHMHIC
UVE STOCK NOTES
Ht IHIMIIIIII il AAA
rablespoonf ul of blood meal mixed I
Vu I uttle milk is very good for u
that has diarrhea or other digea-
uisturbance. It is . highly, nu-
-"fios for a weak calf, too.
fj .kepPng. - hi repair of wire
m neccss'aiT on the stock farm
ton!? tlle wire stretcher is a handy
.Hun m repairing and building
-a u(,is cost no more than half:
ucn as corn the swine division
mJ, .. mversity of Illinois recom-
h0;r uu,y c:m be
fed profitably to
very sensitive to wind
s m,, n5sht and wiu suffer Just'
imm k a cow or horse In, cold
n.. . '
milk resn,ts from feeding skim .
nre obtained when about
viUMP"Un,ls of -ore f6d for each
i grain. ; "
... "'. ;'-
'wtpp i . lJ"ie shed their coats
. m ' m sprinar and (min nnufr
a tr han those fed dry rough-
Ocular v 'In ideal f0rage for P1
jouiiic crowtn com
F the wheat is ' harvested.
good Stuff to hnvP hnt
" U nr. ,11 .
nd a bit 7f auaround feed., Some hay
wjouiu go with itt .1
Il V - i '
! y -wnenhex
a weeK old avi ov i l -
,f lnd(J. U quite ssenal tor thev
bedding is needed for
Tlie. strawberry will soon " be' nlenti-
fu. yet whUeJt isi still 1 a luxury we
:,iiiay use them in
i, -small amounts for
;a: guriUsh or ac
f Y Devonshire Pie.
.; --Lirie a pie plate
..with rieli pastry
and bake it. Also
: rine: this mav r
UUUe x DY Cutting --nVnnnr1 1..
cuttm? aronnd.a smaller, plate placed
handle, the ;rtngJwUhfour break in ir it;
Fill the pastry vsheil i with Devonshire
cream. This is prepared by scalding the
milk the day before then skimminc the
cream and whipping it.; Add a cupful
or more of sweetened, very ripe ber
ries nu cover with the ring. Hwin
cream in the center and serve. A most
attractive dish ami lint th.if let tint
hard to prepare.; ,
- v HtU V K SlVi
Strawberry Ico. Wash and hull one
quart of strawberries, sprinkle with
one cupful of sugar and let stand two
hours. Mash and squeeze through a
aounie cheesecloth. To the juice add
one cupful of wafer and lemon juic?
to taste. Freeze, uslmr three narts of
ice to one of coarse salt.
t - - . ,
Strawberry Baskets. Bent the yolks
of four eggs until thick, add one cup
or sugar and beat two minutes, the
sugar should be added gradually; add
inree raoiespoonruis or water, rut one
and, one-half tablespoonfuls of corn
starch in a measuring cup and fill up
with, flour. Mix and ... sift with one
and one-fourth teaspoonfuls of baking
powder, one-fourth., of a teaspoon of
salt, and add to the first mixture. Fold
in the whitesyof the eggs ..beaten stiff
and add 'one fanspconful of lemon ex
tract. Fill buttered gem pans and
bake In a moderate oven. Cool and
scoop out the centers and fill with
sweetened crushed berries mixed with
Bomb Mqusselaine. Line , n mold
with- strawberry ice amk fill with the
following: mixture: Beat one cupful of
heavy cream until stiff and add three-
fourths, of a cupful of powdered sugar
one cupnii.or strawberry puree, one
tablespoonfnl of orange juice and
teaspoonful f vanilla. Cover with the
strawberry Jce and overflow, adjust the
cover and pack In ice and salt using
equal parts, let stand two hour
There la no friend like ah old friend.
Who has shared our morning days,
No greetings like his, welcome.
No homage like his .praise.. .
; V - ; ' W- Holmes.
SUGGESTIVE DISHES. .
For those who., wish to eliminate
meat from the dfetj the following two
dishes r will offer a va-
X Pea Roast. Mix three-
; fourths' of a cup of dry
bread; crumbs, one-half
cupful , of . pea-pulp, that
has J been prepared by
' ; putting ,'th'e cooked peas
through, a sieve, one ta-
blespoonful of sugar, one-fourth cup of
English walnut meats; finely cnoppea.
e sHffhtJy beaten, tnree-rourtns
or, a teaspooniui 01 sajc,, one-eiKi ;
a teaspoonful of , pepper, onefourth of
cup V of melted 'butter and three
fourths ; Of a cupful of milk. Turn into
n nnrafflnd-lined dish,' cover and bake
in a low oven 40 minutes.
Pecan N ut Loaf .To fiye riced pota
toes add - three, tablespoonf uls of 'but
ter. one teaspoonful of salt, . a dash
of pepper and one-third of ..a cup: of.
hot milk. Beat with a rorK - untu
creamy and pack into a shallow" pan.
st tlie ruin In hot water and bake
until well heated In a moderate oven
Turn on a hot platter, sprinkle with
one-third of a cupful of finely chopped"
. nnnr , nrmind il CUH Of ..Well
seasoned white sauce and garnish with
1 1 It 21 1 z. -iu 1 . . ...
v Hot Finnan Haddie Canapes. t ry
one-half tablespoonf ul of chopped on
ion nnd two chopped musnroom caps
In three tablespoonf nls of butter five
. a A.t fn-n " tn hi esnoonf 111 s ? of
flonr find two-thirds, cupful of thin
cream. At the 'boiling point add tw;.
. fi0sp the voIKS ot
cr- well beaten, and one cupful
haddie.. Season with
nu nd cayenne. Pile, on pieces of
ti,ir':rlth rlieese and ; but-;
tOaSI, liriUMr .....-,.----.. .
j . .imnihs nna oaise : um
; Mrvianrf Fried Chicken. uiean.
singed ahd ;ciltc lhplecesrfor serving;
w vnn ehlckens; PJunge into cold
1 fchnke off arid lip at once into
flour to get as umctt to adhere8 pos-
i,,Kf'iWvntit one pound .
S cGn pieces nndtktliechfck.;
- . tlie f af; until -Veil brownea'
ZVi - ZrAxs. ? a tvith r cravy1 raadf
rtr.Mli: Serve with a gruy
wttlf tneat-fn ttie-Miah 'with
creanf aiidflour for! thickening .
By EDITH C CAMERON.
VI 1 1 THEN a doctor pronounced
; vv tne edict, ,4four months : of
VkV rest and change of climate,
with, plenty of fresh air and
sunshine," the question arose, where
to? . The time was December, with all
the " cold and disagreeableness of a
Qorthern climate. v.
Someone suggested "Why not go to
the Isle of Pines? There you could
rest and have all the sunshine and
fresh air .that you need."
So when I learned that it Is one of
the most beautiful and ' interesting
spots to be found in the world, and
situated almost at our very door, lesft
than two hundred miles south of Key
West and not as far distant from New
York as the Mississippi, I decided to
visit it ' : - - ' ' vt
I found there were many routes to
choose from, but I selected the quick
est .one, most commonly used, by way
of Jacksonville, Fla., , Miami, and the
delightful sea-rail route to Key West.
From - there a sea .trip of six - hours
brings one to Havana, Cuba, and an
other by-rail or auto, 35 miles, to Ba
tabano, now the most important sea
port . on the south side of Cuba. The
trains run to the. dock, where one can
take a comfortable boat making the
trip to the Isle of Pines in a few
hours. . J .... "'..'-
On reaching Jucaro, a port of entry.
we nave, our choice or, a number. 01
automobiles for a ride over a govern
ment, x turnpike road,-called here : a
calzada, to Santa Fe, a distance of
five miles. - We cannot help being sur
prised at the fine road, almost equal
Jng any boulevard found in our north
ern cities. Our ' obliging chauffeur
tells us that there are, about one hun
dred miles of . these calzada roads
built and maintained by the govern
.. 'AH' Comforts in Santa Fe. . ;
In the; picturesque : little; town of
Santa Fe, about five hundred feet
above sea level, is a hotel meeting
every requirement of the most exact
ing traveler. There are other less ex
pensive establishments. Here1 are
small American churches of almost
every denomination, a bank, schools,
clubs for , both men and women.! a
cliamber of commerce, a large Ma
sonic temple and other Institutions
found in average American communities.-.
. ' f"vU; ' --'-v'
After resting and bathing in the
Santa Rita thermal springs the privi
lege of guests of our hotel one feels
like . a new being. All the tiredness
of the long trip vanishes. -
The wealthy Spanish military and
government : classes came here from
Havana to spend the summer for gen
erations, as the I Isle of Pines Is
much cooler than Cuba. The baths
are marvelous for curing rheumatism,
nervous v troubles and obesity; The
water; comes from iron and magnesia
springs. . ' :':r :,:'Xr''.: :
The history, of the . Isle is replete
with romance. How many of us know,
I wonder, that Christopher Columbus,
in his second trip to the new worl d,
was lost in the keys, or small islands,
surrounding the Isle . of Pines for a
number of days, finally landing on the
isle, upon which, after inspection ai)d
replenishing' his supply of water, he
liestowed the" name of La Evangelista
f the Evangel), later reaching the har-
.bor of Batabano, Cuba. ,
X Pineapples and Pines.
It is questionable whether the Isle
of Pines gets Its name from the won
derful pineapples, weighing from
seven - to fifteen pounds, growing bo
profusely there,' or to the pine trees,
the odor of which, when the wind Is
Mowing In the right direction, can be
noticed several miles, from shore. r;r
In early days the Isle of Pines, like
many other Islands of the Caribbean
was a rendezvous for pirates," and the
south part of the 'island is" often re
garded: as the '"Treasure Island' of
Stetenson'r tatei ; ' Xv-X v'-f.
As recently as Borne thirty years
ago a Spaniard ho had lived a long
- T nf t,nps. z as
, church ieadeky
.-.T - Gentleman - of
S He. mSwith. his
the "Paris "6f rthe
. - a
West jnais, niiKi
- J ha source : bt cJrcHlauon, . .ft Jarge,
pieces 01 ci4 w
it the pirate days. Jt was generaUy
.elteved be had discovered the cache
1 - ; Native Homestead in Isle of Pines. ' - " m
of the hidden treasures of some pirate
crew who were unable to return, and ,
claim their Fill-gotten wealth. Even
now there is; more or - less desultory
search made from time to time bv
some of the natives for pirate treas
. . mr .
ures 1 supposed to J be burled in the
caves and along ; the shores of the
island. . J
In 1776 the Spanish crown made; a,
grant of the entire Isle to a retired
Spanish naval officer, who at his
death left seven sons, among whom
the. Isle of Pines was divided. From
the. original grant down tb the Span
ish-American war 'the isle was the
home of Spanish aristocrats who had
large interests In Cuba. When Juba
and Porto Rico were lost to Spain; the
leading Inhabitants of the Isle V of
Pines, being pure Spanish, regarding
the Cubans as ; inferiors,, were very de
sirous, as the lesser of two evils, that
the sovereignty of the isle pass to the
United States. ; There was inserted in
the treaty of farls, negotiated, with
Spain, a clause which President Mc-
Kinley interpreted as ceding the Isle
of Pines to the United States, t
. Sent Many Men to the War.
The, Isle of Pines is extremely pa
triotic,. and has done its full share
toward winning the' war. i . Whlle the
American population is less than five
thousand, and the percentage of the
men who are . over the draft age has
been above normal, owing tq the fact
that many were originally attracted
by its climatic and health advantages,
nevertheless It . boasts a service flag
of over two hundred Stars. Many
bright'y'oung nv;n Vave enlisted in va
rious br&acles of the service. The
women of the Isle In their Red -Cross
work have raised thousands of dollars.
In fact more actual money to" date
has been raised here than has been
secured and contributed by the Amer
lean women in all Cuba. -
While all . the wealthy Spaniards
originally "inhabiting the isle have
sold their properties to the Amerl
cans and returned to Spain or Cuba,
the wording natives, "pineros," as
they are termed, remain to the num
ber of probably twenty-five hundred or
three thousand. These pineros are
pure Spanish. They' are industrious,
working faithfully ten or twelve hours
a day. for the small wage, of $1 to
$1.50 per day and boarding them
selves. As workers they are regarded
Cubans or Jamaican negroes. They
are a quiet, Inoffensive people, fond of
the Americans, and cases of theft or
bodily assault are rare. They are of
a domestic temperament, marrying
early and rearing large families.'
.There are diversified amusements
for tourists. Automoblling over good
roads to all parts of the Isle, deep
sea fishing, tennisr golf and horseback
riding are especial favorites, as well
as sea bathing In the warm salt wa
ters of the Caribbean. As to the cli
mate, I will not attempt a . descrip
tion, as I found it perfect.
Expect Find of Interest
The Spokane, museum has leased a
160-acre .Coplan ranch,- near that city,
and soon will begin 'prospecting" for
the complete skeleton of one of the
largest mastodons ever unearthed.
Parts of the skeleton have been lo
cated, i The farm, ' which Is a low,
boggy place, has been the source Jbf
several mastodon skeletons unearthed
In the past years. There are several
more - skeletons bogged In the place,
it is believed, and the one the Spo
kane T museum hopes to recover com
pleter will 1 stand 14 feet high with
tusks extending about ten 1 feet out
from 'the! Jaws. ; This; will, equal In
size the largest -mastodon ever un
earthed which was found on this
same farm In 1878, and is how on ex
hibition at the Academy 5f ; Sdehce in
t , Very Platonic
'i Peter. Prosser didn't bellevelnmar
rlage. He kepton saying sp.: Platon
jc -friendship s was good enough 4 tot
him he afhrmedL '3 hX XX'' Imtxf.ir-
ji-&VLt one'day Peter Prqssep ot mar
ried.; r His friends wondered, and one
of them tasked a question. , ; ;
X "Well;:; said' Peter . indignantly, in
reP StiU.beliey in platonlc friend-;
ship.j of . course, but I had to do some:
thing. . Another, fellow came aiong
and got Interested in the lrl; ;;
(Prepared by; thes United States fSepart-
- nieiit of Alcfelture.) ;- ; ; '
One difficulty in esetting eggs as earlv
111 the spring as Is -lecessary for early
hatchers, If the natural system of .in-'
cubatlon is followed. Is in finding
broody hens at the proper time. If nat- I
oral incubation be depended upon 1 exclu
sively t the poultry Aiser must wait
until the hens are re,uly to set. Tills
is not true, however, if an incubator
Is available, for If tne eggs are fer
tile they can be started at any time
the operator desires. X .-. : - v
The incubator shouhl be operated, in
a fairly warm room, preferably a cel
lar, as a ? protection against outside
temperature changes., Sudden changes
In temperature in the loom are to be
avoided. The machine should be disr
Infected thoroughly beft re being used
with a solution of reliable coal tar
Instead of using uch a solution
small receptacle contacting one-half
ounce of permanganate of potash on
which one-half ounce of formalin lias
been poured -may be shut up in the
incubator. The resulting gas will
thoroughly disinfect the machine. Aft-
'er disinfecting the incubator should be,
run empty for several days to, get it
Into good operating condition. After
the eggs -are in place the temperature
6hould be held at 101 to 102 tlegrees
Fahrenheit the firs i week, 102 to 103
degrees the second week, and 103 the
third week, v -
The eggs usually are turned for the
first time at the end of the second
day, ahd twice daily through the eight
eenth or nineteenth day. The eggs are
cooled' outside the hatching chamber
once dally after the seventh and up to
the , nineteenth, day. - Moisture should
be. furnished , in. artificial Incubation
Removing Hatch From Incubator.
in the South, In high altitudes, and
when the incubator room is dry. This
may ; be done , by sprinkling the eggs
with warm water or by placing a, wet
sponge or pan of, water .under the egg
tray. , - -
During the hatching period (farefitlly
fill the .lamp and trim the wick each
day. s It. Is best to trim the wick by
scraping off the burnt portion rather
than by cutting the, wick; The lamp
should not be filled entirely. . After the
lamp is filled it should be closely ob
served for a time td make, sure' that
the ' flame does not get too high; v- .
SPRING CONDITION OF HENS
Lack of Exercise and Too Much Feed
Ibf Dry; Kind Often ' . Caiise f "
In the spring fowls often show ip.
In constipated1 condition. It is usual
ly caused , by :lack of exercise, green;
stun:, grit ana too, mucn ieea joia
dry -kind. You notice It wfirst pn the
soiled -feathers,; next thecIogging ;of,
the - vent This immediately, lialls Jfor
a physic. One tabiespobrifulof J cnasj
tor r6il or half-teaspponfuifof epsoni
salts to each fowl, and -theilast may;
be continued In broken rdpsesr:!n 'food
or water for several days after." Feed
them boiled potatoes," all the cabbage
ind other green .stuff .at hand, .and
make them hunt for their grain These
constipated fowls are no good as breed
ers until you get them toned up. -
Carelessness in purchasing hatch
ing "eggs retards flock Improvement
,;t. -' - 1 ""' - r XXXXX 7
if ter all. It is the little things that
count for the most In poultry raising
X Experience .-. teaches, us that .great
care- is needed to prevent poultry par
asities and poultry diseases.;
i The fresher the eggs arCwVe'n used
for hatchings , the better, arid eggs over,
ia aays..pnouiq De uiscarueu. .r ,
A Tttlt Si yrpiy YeJto setjany
eggs i "', at ,' all, "r H surelyr "is worthyoni
wmux set. me eggs..worjn; -wnue..
I When the parent birds lack Mtalit:
he ' chicks are: natinrally- -weak, no
J vorth raising, and it Is time, patienc
ind money thrown away; ' X -
I POULTRY NOTES I
that 'winter As ftone!lfr' la twrv.
sible to go through a young orchard '
il 'ViS: - ' . . . ST (
and find just how ouch damage has: ;
been- done by mice, rabbits by gir
dling or by barking and skiuning caust
by an'fnals running In the orchards.
There tre many of these injuries, thai
may be repaired by the proper use C
the bridge graft, ' even though the W
dling. . ,? ' '
Such Injuries as those caused . b
pear blight may be handled success
fully by the use .of this same methoC
UC Scion; ."W,'! insertion Under.
Bark, and Five Scions in Place for
Waxing. x -;:y;
Of courne, this Veniedy must be applied
In time if good. ' Those common Hair
juries in western orchards, "sun scald,
may also t be remedied by this same
plan. ''; ; , W;.r,r v . ; .
VVhere an attempt is, to be madete
save a tree, or trees, the work shouli
be done before growth starts.- 'After
the growth 'has. begun itis possible b
do the work If you can get dormant
scions for use In making the bridges
of hew tissue over the Injured "area.'
The first step is to cut away atl the
injured tree material and make th
wound as clean as possible It1 brar
gi'eat deal like surgery on animal ' tfc
sue in this respect. - Ii you "are 'deaa .
and careful you can look for good re-
suits even though ' you may' tibf - be a
brilliant operator or a quick one..;
The. wound that Is made hould" W
sterilized - by ( using ; s6me -antiseptic: 1
like a coppev'"4niphate .r Ja"irblchtoW
ide of mercury solution Make th
edges of the -wound as "-'eve'as 'yea
can, cutting back far enough! into the
"healthy tree tissue to be sure that yo
have a sound "second bark' or ca
bium to which' to make the graft r - "
'. For the . grafts ' take ; 'good soun4
branches or twigs from wood that ;
grewOast season. Water sprouts that
are only a year old ; will serve! Very :
well. Have your scions lying handy,
measure the distance across" the wftni .
and cut the graft just a little longer
than the space across which it Is ts
reach. This is to have It long enohgfc!
to bend or arch slightly between the
two epds. ;';.;;: a--' . - i;U. '.,y'V
The ends" of the graft are beveled
slightly on -the inner 'slde so - they
will He flat to the surface". y'Make these
beveling cuts long and sloping, so
these ends are flat and sharp and will
wedge under the bark without raisins
it very much, i s -;;v X-: X
'It Is easier to place the ends of th
scions- if the bark at the ' margin
where they are to be Inserted la split
just a little. The Inner bark of tha
scions should be so exposed that It
will come in direct touch - with tho
inner bark of the tree. If the frnier
layers of bark of both the ends anlS .
of the tree do not come together;
there will b6 no growth or union and
the graft will falL : X'V'
- 'The ends of the scion can he bomlS.
tightly to the tree, but a simpler plau
is : to drive a small nail through the; -ends
of the scion and hold them to the
tree trunk. This will serve' to" fieeji
them in v their exact" place and at tha .
same time insure a ' better union be
tween the graft and the old hark, v v'
; After the nails' have been "driven us
the grafting wax. If you have n
wax but have waxed cloth this : wia
do about as well. The area. occupied
by the' wound and by the grafts should
be covered thoroughly ; In olxler t
keep them 1 f rom " drying out Whers)
it Is desired the, whole wound 'may b'
covered, with a layer of . melted wax.
This may be made to coyer the lona,
too, with good results. '
SPRAY TREES WHEN DQRUM1T
Work Is Directed Largely Against
' Scale Insects Prime Essential i ..
r The spraying of trees 'during winter
and spring, or when they are in ia doV
mant condition. Is c directed -largely
aga Inst scale ' insects, especially. ,th$ ,
San Jose scale.. .There are two prtn-'
.'cipaVja'dvantaesyof ( spraying, atthia,
tinie ; it, The absence'of foliage permits
re, .tbougriappllcaa t
sprays !.may ;be used Jranch" rtrocscr
: than, during the growing season. 'Oo
1 tact sprays, .such as, nmesjilnbms -
mtionf nsn-oiv and, ptner oap dwa?e
sions,r are mpioyieaVejiraq ffr?
jentlal ; Is thoroughness In . inakfes a .
51 ine -tree, because in general cy .
hose insects actually hit rith- C .1
pray are killed. . ,t ; ,