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Polk County news and the Tryon bee. (Tryon, Polk Co., N.C.) 1915-1920, April 18, 1919, Image 2

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IMPORTANT NEWS T - THE WORLD OVER IMPORTANT HAPPENINGS OF THIS AND OTHER NATIONS FOR SEVEN DAYS GIVEN THE NEWS': OF THE SOUTH What It Taking Place In The South j land Will Be Found In . ..." Brief Paragraphs : European The chief cause of anxiety in con- by the allies and its occupation by the Anarchists lies in the fact that the most fertile regions" in southern Rus sia have fallen into the hands of the Anarchist forces, giving them ; im mense resources of grain, coal and minerals. : The first, transports bearing the Brit ish relief force for the Archangel front has sailed. The members of the contingent embarked at Tilbury. Violent fighting has taken place be- iween. .Hungarians ana Azecns ai ung, A -r-r . A . I var, near the Moravian-Hungarian bor- der, says a Central News dispatch from Amsterdam. One hundred and fifty Hungarians were killed. Vhe zecns aiso naa consiaeraDie losses, i Defending the military bill, in the nouse oi lords, Earl Curzon, of Kedle- ston, president of the council and government leader in the British house or loras, declared that - Vienna being in a serious position and apprehen sive lest it should share the fate of Budapest had turned to Great Britain. v In a new Spartacan outbreak at Dusseldorf twenty-five persons were killed and twenty-five wounded when government troops used machine guns on Spartacan demonstrators, is the re port sent, out from Berlin. Berlin newspapers .report that the strike in Brunswick is general and the railway station there is closed. The leaders of the Brunswick strike have 6ent an ultimatum to the diet demand ing that all powers be handed over to the, workers council. workmen in thirty-eight German cities are on strike in favor of intro ducing the soviet system. An Archangel dispatch says the American cruisers, Galveston and Chester, carrying . American 1 engineer troops and Brig. Gen. W. P. Richard son,-the new commander of the Amer ican forces in north Russia, are ex pected to arrive very soon. President. Poicare of France .has commuted to ten years' imprisonment me aeain sentence imposed upon Emile Cottin, who, in an attempt to assassinate Premier Clemenceau on February 19, shot and severely wound ed him. Plundering and shooting, attendant upon the general strike proclaimed by the independent and majority Social- ists among at the workmen at Madge- bure. capital of Prussian Saxony, are reported in dispatches from that city, The warehouses confronting the food reserves forv the coming week were stormed and partly destroyed . and the 1 reserves looted, the damage exceeding I four hundrd thousand marks. The police station also was stormed with the intention of releasing the prisoners in it, but the rioters were I repulsed after the building had been considerably damagedr at Madgeburg, ' Saxony. Grenades and rifles were employed in the attack. . Domestic v The committee appointed at a con ferenee or producers, i actors ano bankers to take up plans for organiza- 1 I tion of a cotton export corporation decided on a capitalization or one hundred million' dollars instead bl fifty million as originally suggested by W. P. G. Harding, governor of the federal reserve board, and selected a sub-committee to develop the idea in detail. Edward E. Morgan, an American citizen, was murdered at Chivela, 47 miles from Salina Cruz, Mexico, on the night of April 8, according to ad- -vices to the state department. Mor gan, the dispatch received by the state department stated, , was accompanied by Manuel Rui, a Spaniard, who was also murdered. The two men were sam uy m mspaicn 10 nave ueen cap- tured, searched and robbed before be- ing shot to death. Both bodies were said to have shown marks of other ViTul. ' In a lengthy telegram to M. W. Mix, president of the American Mill Sup- ply and Machinery Manufacturers' As- Btate of " Virignia in enforcing the pre Bociation, read at a joint session of hibition has been referred by Attor the' machinery manufacturers and ney General Palmer to Assistant At- tnree ptner organizations or hardware ' and machinery men at ' New Orleans, Secretary Redfield of th edepartmejit or commerce urged tnat an pull to gether to hasten the restoration of normal - healthy business conditions. -. That Europe 4acks money and credit with which to buy cotton and that if 'the South plants a full cotton crop and ' makes, a normal crop, conditions - in this section will be than at the s beginning of the world war in 1914, is 1s the opinion of former Goyernor Man- ning or bouth ; Carolina, now in Eu- rope. u't ;.:c:-; ; Conferring on themselves the 'free- do mof the city," an unknown number of yeggmen: spent::the : week-end. in New York City, cracking seven safes, obtaining nearly fifteen t thousand 4qJ- lars in lot and getting away with all - a ' Introduction of anti-Japanese legis lation in the California c legislature would be "extremely unfortunate at this time," says Robert Lansing, secre-' tary of state. ' Eighty-two lives was the toll of the storm which swept north Texas, sotuhern ' Oklahoma - and a section of Arkansas. Many points 'are isolated and ! the number of fatalities ' may be increased when full details are availa ble as the tornado swept T through thickly settled farmine communities. !?'J!:iei!hj7iwrerJead r: storm came up from the Rio Grande valley with a high wind and -heavy I- rainrain, gaining force until it tore through the northern tier of the Texas countie swith the destructiveness of a tornado. The Baden bank, of St. Louis, Mo., was held up by eight bandits and loot- eJ 9 an amount estimated at one hun- dred thousand dollars. Two hundred policemen armed with riot guns pur- sued the bandits in thirty police auto- moones. Frank W. 'Woolworth, who started five and ten cent store at TJtica, N. Y., j forty years ago on a capital of $50 and eventually became the millionaire pro prietor of a great chain of these stores in the United. States, Canada (and England, died suddenly at his home at olftm T n? Isiand. O . The MichIean voters defeated a con- stitutional amendment modifying the gtate prohibition laws in the election bv a considerably larger majority than when they voted the state dry in 1916. Th kp thhu sand internal revenue aeents working in specially arranged z0nes throughout the v United States wm enforce prohibition after July 1. xearlv 800 insDectors will be trained or the work, to be added to the force of 2,203 revenue agents already avail able for police regulations. Washington The arrival of the American cruisers Galveston and Chester at Murmansk, Russia, is expected to relieve the sit uation among American troops in the Archangel region, a company of which ten days, ago refused to go to the front until arguments were presented by their officers. , No further information as to the mu tiny in Archangel has . been, received by the war department. It requires some days for cable to reach Archan gel and so . far as has been learned the department has no additional ad vices. . ' - General Zapata, the rebel leader in southern Mexico, has been killed by eovernm eat troops. A Dart of the fifth Mexican regiment serving under General Gonzales ; of the Carranza army returned to Cuautla with the re mains of the dead rebel chief. - , Four hundred thousand railroad en gineers, firemen, trainmen and con ductors in both passenger and freight service have been advanced in wage aggregating$6B,000,000. Recommendation of executive clem- ency for fifty-two persons under ' th espionage act have been sent to Pres ident Wilson by Attorney General Pal- mer, out the names and commutation in each case will not he announced until the president has acted. The report of the committee on Un ternationa labor legislation . in Paris wmch dratted a program to govern in- ternational regulation of employment condition, has been adopted.' but just what it is has not been made public Advices to tne state department from Tampico, Mexico, said a passen- ger train was derailed by bandits 140 kilometers from Tampico, and that among the passengers injured 'J wai one American, J. P. Mennet. The de partment wired Tampico for further particulars. ' Returns In the referendum tatken In , the province of Quebec, Canada, x a lo aeiermme wnexner wine ano Deer "censes shall he issued or the pror- ince go dry, indicated a victory for the wet" forces " by a great majority. The .war department has issued an official statement congrming advices from . Archangel, , A Russia, that what amounted to a mutiny occurred among the American troops there on. the 3d of March. Reports that the Blanquet-Fellx Diaz revolution in Mexico was substantial ly 'financed were terminated as doubt ful by ; the state department officials I in replying to direct questions regard ing the situation and reports. In answer to the suggestion that American oil interests were behind the ne revolution in , Mexico a high of fi- cial of the state department declared this to be untrue and - expressed the opinion that the revolution would be Complaint by the railroad adminis. tration to the department of Justice against the alleged improper methods employed by federal officers in the torney General Frierson for investiga- ! tion. It is alleged that the officers violated a coffin containing a dead body in their search v for contraband shipments of liquor across the state line. ;,". y: ' ' -V Forecast by the department of agri culture that the nation's winter wheat crop, would total eight hundred and thirty-seven million bushels, the Jarg- jest crop ever grown, aroused, imme- j diate speculation as to the cost to j the government of such an enormous yield. Under the bill passed by con- gress in the closing jdays,pt the last session rthe ovirriment is obligated to pay the difference between the price guaranteed, $2.20 a .bushel,, and the world market price . for every , biishel not only on winter, but of sprin wlat produced. ... pirr a : 1 Carter Glass, secretary of the treasury (left), and Frank R. Wilson,, publicity man for the loan, unfurl-, lng for the Victory loan campaign the historic flag which flew over the dome Qf,.the capitol when President Wilson was inaugurated, when war .was declared and when the armistice was signed. .2 The advance guard of the American troops arriving at Molsberg the farthest poinr Into Germany reached by the Americans. 3 Gen. Joseph Hall er, commander, of the Polish divisions In France, which are being sent to Poland, standing with his staff in front of the Cathedral of Louvaln. ' " - " ; NEWS REVIEW OF CURRENT EVERTS Council of Four in Paris Has Agreed on Most of the Peace Problems. H TREATY MAY BE READY SOON Hint That President Wilson Would Withdraw Has EffectSoviet Gov ernment Set Up in Bavaria Op posed by Peasants Allies Forced -to Evacuate . Odessa. By EDWARD' W. ; PICKARD. Most of the great problems confront ing .the-peace, conference were settled last week by the "Big Four" perhaps. That is to say, at the close of the week they were settled, but before this reaches the reader they may be all ,n settled again. Such has been the way of the peacemakers in the past. How ever, if there is not agreement on the vital questions mighty soon, there is some reason to believe President Wil son will withdraw from the delibera tions and come home. t He startled the conference and the world by ordering his transport, the George Washington, made ready for another trip to Europe, and asking when It might be expected there. Some of the Paris papers de clared Mr. Wilson was thus trying to force the French delegates to mitigate their- demands ; pessimists saw-In the action the probability of hopeless dis agreement; optimists said It meant the treaty was nearly ready for submission to the Germans. The theory of the optimists was borne put by dispatches late in the week stating that the Big. Four had agreed : ' That William Hohenzollern and others responsible for breach of treaty and of rules of war must stand trial, probably before a Belgian court, but that the death penalty should, not be imposed on the former kaiser ; that France shall be given control of the mines of the Saar valley, but shall not be permitted to annex any of that ter ritory and that a commission shall reg ulate strikes' by miners' 'there ;'" that Germany must make an initial pay ment of $5,000,000,000 reparation An 1921, after which a commission shall assess a yearly indemnity. The Rhine frontier, the ultimate dis position of Danzig, the Italian claims to Flume and the Dalmatian coast and some lesser matters remained to be settled at the time these dispatches were sent. That agreement on these' questions was believed to be Imminent was indicated by the fact that the com mission to prepare for the signing of the peace treaty at Versailles was busy making the necessary arrangements for that momentous occasion. f Premier Paderewskl urged before the council of four that Poland should be given Danzig and the coal fields of Teschen, Silesia, but the belief was that this matter, as well as that of the Rhine land, would be settled in conformity with MrWllson's 14 points, his abso lute adherence to which he again de clared ; that, of course, would preclude the annexation of enemy territory. How the Italian claims would be set tled there was no intimation. , According to .reports, , Mr. ' Lansing's opposition to the. British and French desire that the former kaiser should be i tried . by an International tribunal resulted In the compromise plan stated above. Tlie Americans,-It .was said, were In favor only of, a moral, indict ment without recourse to prosecution. owing to the lack jof ; an international law covering the case. The Japanese 'representative supported this vlew.v; f xne repara uons ciause spcjiies tpat xthe enemy comtries must admit their responsibility for. all losses and dam age to allied . and . asspdated nations and their citizens due to unjustifiable aggression ; also that Germany - is to pay the expenses -of the commission i Hi jr- JJf I' ... ri during the period probably thirty years in which damages are to be col- ected. The Americans would have referred that the treaty should name the Uxed amount of Indemnity to be collected, but did. not insist on this, in order to hasten agreement. The five billion first payment is to be made by Germany, In cash or securities, before May 1, 1921. If Is supposed the total to be demanded will be about $45,000,- 000.000. Owing to the Illness of President Wilson during. the early part of the week, the" commission on the league of nations did not meet until Thursday evening. At that time the completed draft of the covenant, comprising '27 articles, was submitted. There Is no longer any doubt In Paris that the league covenant will be a part of the peace treaty, and In this country the opposition seems to be losing some of Its vehemence. . -It was announced that the, commis sion had adopted a section specifically safeguarding the Monroe doctrine, and that Geneva Switzerland, had been se lected as the seat of the league of na tions. An important and Interesting part of the treaty, which has been formu lated, deals with water and rail com munications In enemy states. Freedom of transportation through Germany and Austria and equality of treatment in ports and harbors are provided. The regulation of transportation over the Rhine and Danube provides for the entrance of France, Switzerland and some nonpartisan states to the present Mannheim convention between Ger many, and Holland covering the navi gation of the Rhine. The- European commission"' control ling the mouths of the Danube will be continued, representatives of present enemy states being excluded from It, and a similar international commission will be established provisionally for the upper Danube. This will last until a new general Danube convention Is established. A new International convention cov ering the navigation of the Elbe; and Oder rivers ts recommended to protect the Interests of Poland and Czecho slovakia and give them freedom of navigation without discriminating du ties, down : through German territory to the North and Baltic seas. These states would be further given free port privileges at certain north German- bar. bors In order that they may be enabled to develop their export and Import commerce. ; Bolshevism made another big play last week when a soviet government of Bavaria was set up in Munich by the revolutionary central council. .The landtag was dissolved and people's commissions appointed. This action was supported In WTurzhurg and Ratis bon, but throughout Bavaria generally it was violently opposed not only by the bourgeoisie -but, also by the peas ants. The latter hold control of the food supply and declared they ; would refuse to deliver food while the soviet government remained In power. The bolshevlsts prepared measures for the communlzation of property i and the formation of a Red army, while the government they sought to replace, re fusing to retire, set' Itself up In Bam berg. Later In the week the citizens and officials of Wurzburg ; struck against the ; soviet government and ousted Its agents after severe fighting. The diet met In Bamburg and the min isters said they regarded the situation with confidence and that outside help to . suppress the bolshevlsts 'J. was not needed. ---V-V, r):X;i'::r::K'7r :. The communist government of Hun gary rejected the propositions made by General Smuts for the allies, concern ing, the neutral zone and other matters, and , made ; counter-proposals, . with which Smuts returned to Paris. Mean while the Hungarian bolshevists were cheered by the news that Lenlne was sending them 150,000 men. -In an intef cjepted vwreleip In, Ilussian foreign minister, Bela Kun, said : vWe da uot want-ta use. the dis. tatorshlp of the Hungarian proletariat to take bourgeois chestnuts out of the fire for the bourgeoisie. ' When the German proletariat shall have ' power , if they will use It for the benefit of, Ger man Imperialism, and will throw out Scheidemarin.' Enert, NoskerDavid and their press valets." " ' Persistent efforts to induce German Austria to go bolshevik were hampered by the dependence of the Austrlans on the allies for food, but Amsterdam dis patches said a soviet republic was pro claimed In Salzburg, which Is, near the. Bavarian border, in Vienna conditions. became steadily worse and acts of vio lence increased. A meeting of the sol diers and workmen's council of Vienna was called for April 14 for the purpose of discussing a soviet form of govern ment. " In Germany there were continual outbreaks against the Ebert govern ment, the greatest demonstrations be ing in Essen, Magdeburg and in the former duchy of Brunswick. The , Es sen radicals brought about a strike of the Krupp workers and' seized the plant, but were ousted by government troops, after which two-thirds of the men went back to , work. The insur gents of Magdeburg also were routed hy soldiers sent by Minister of Military Affairs Noske. . From Brunswick came reports of a strong movement In fa vor of a soviet government, and com munists of Saxony , made a like de mand. ' As had. been anticipated, the allies were forced to evacuate Odessa, being attacked by an overwhelming number of Ukrainian bolshevlki. This was re ally a considerable triumph for Lenlne and Trotzky, for they gained control of the most fertile .regions of southern Russia besides capturing large supplies of: cash. The allied commander with drew his troops, numbering about 60, 000, to Constantinople and Roumania. In North Russia the soviet troops ap peared to be preparing for a renewal of their offensive, ' despite their recent vain and costly attempts against the allied forces. British re-enforcements and American engineers sailed from England for Archangel. Decidedly unpleasant was the admis sion by the war department that open mutiny was threatened recently by the American troops in North Russia un less Washington speedily announced Its policy as to early withdrawal of the armed forces In that region. Some of the men flatly refused to go to front line positions. The American soldiers cannot understand why they are -called on to m ake war against Russians when war has not been-declared, and it Is declared this feeling is shared by the troops of other nationalities. Rep resentatives of the anti-bolshevik Rus sians have repeatedly, said in this coun try that they ask only munitions and moral support from the allies, and have urged that all the armed forces of the latter re withdrawn from .Russia as speedily as possible. y The Esthonians reported continued successes against the bolshevlki. In cluding J, the capture of seven villages and many prisoners. . . . ' - Conditions In Roumania and Poland are causing the -allies : considera ble worry, for there is - danger, some feel, of a great bolshevlst combination of Russians, Hungari ans and Germans that .would crush those two countries. ' The allied troops that ; went from Odessa to Roumania will help some, but it was felt that no tlme'should be lost In getting General Hallers Polish divisions to- Poland. Marsnal Foch arranged with the Ger mans that those divisions might be transported by train across Germany, and If necessary "might" be landed In Danzig. In this compromise of the dis pute with the Huns over the East Prus sian port,- it is felt by many .that the allies yielded tco easily to Germany arid did not jglye due , support to. the claims of Poland, i In England Premier Lloyd George was bitterly assailed for his Danzig. policy.. , Freakish weather worked havoc jn the Southwest and West last week. In north Texas southern vOklahoma and Arkansas there .wasta terrific tornado that kledsabou Jpri hwiared persons, Injured . pany , : more and destroyed property worth mliiloris bf . dollars. Heavy snow; In ; the Rocky mountain states tied np the railroads and decor allzed wire commcnicatlcn. : . wi hi linn nnn in yi,uuu,uuu,uuu io AIM I OF L THE SI7P nc -rue- .., w. lilt LUAN n.. ornL. MAN HAD BEEN GENERALLY EXPECTED. e a it w n ...... n TAX EXEMPTIONS A Rates of Interest Van, a..,. . " ay Purchasers- Bonds Mature In Four Years. - Washineton Tprmo u. Liberty loan were announced bv 2? - - " - S AAA 3 111 I II U ' . "The Victory Liberty lo will be offered for oonniar 0'u. c tion on'ADril 21; will tato np- i MK nt ' or ' w - - - vini, liih nun. -74, , wiuur-year, convert u.0 6um uuies ui ioe united States exempt from State and local tava 1' cept estate and inheritance taxes uuimai icucrdl laCOlTlP fo.. The .notea will' he convertible, at the option of the holder, throughon t t-.. Ufa" Infr na nnn l rJK vcui t-uree-iour-year conyeruoie goia notes of the United States, exempt from all federal, State and lrwral ta --vLt cijiaie ann in heritance taxes. - In like mann 6 per cent notes will be convertible .. . . . - . uie mio 4 per cent notes. "The amount of the issue will be $4,500,000,000, which with the do. f erred installments of income profits taxes payable, in respect to last year s income ana profits, during the period covered by, the maturity datM of .treasury certificates of indebtPd. ness now; outstanding, will fully pro- vide for the retirement of such cer tificates. The issue will be limited to $4,500,000,000 except as it may be nec essary to increase or decrease the amount to facilitate allotment. Over subscriptions will; be rejected and al lotments made on ' a! graduated scale similar in . its general plan to that adopted in! connection with the first Liberty loan. Allotment will be made in full on subscriptions up to and in cluding $10,000. "The notes of both series will be dated and bear interest from May 20, 1913, and will mature on May 20, 1923. Interest will be payable on December 15,1919, and thereafter semi-annually on June 15 arid December 15, and at maturity. Al or, any of fthe notes may be redeemed before maturity. WAR MINISTER OF SAXONY IS KILLED BY MOB OF SOLDIERS ' Copenhagen. Herr Neuring. war minister In the government of Saxony, was killed at Dresden by disgruntled soldiers to whom the minister had re fused a hearing. The war ministry was stormed by demonstrators who dragged out Herr Neuring and threw him into the Elbe, where he was shot and killed as he tried to swim to the bank. , . ; Wounded, patients 7 in the Dresden hospitals, says the Dresden dispatch detailing' the occurrence, collected in the morning in the theater square to protest against an order issued by Herr Neuring' to the effect that the wounded in future should receive only peace-time pay.' Five or six hundred men formed a procession to the war ministry and sent a deputation to see the minister, who refused, however, to receive them. ' ONLY THREE OUT OF WILSON'S 14 POINTS ARE NOT INDORSED Paris. If one would gain a real ap preciation of what has been accom plished, it is necessary merely to ken foremost hrmirid the basis upon which the peace conference was called into being, President Wilson's 14 points. How far 'has the conference pro gressed toward their realization? To this extent, that wHh the exception of three questions Russia, the Ser bian outlet to the sea and Italy's fron tiers nd these latter are independ entthe American peace delegation has succeeded in forcing throueh the acceptance of the entire Tjrosram. ;it is understood that tbe question of Russia was debated at a recent session, but probablv the ultima? in cision will be to leave it for the league of nations. VESSELS OF. SEVERAL TYPES RECENTLY ADDED TO FLEET - Washington. America's battle fleet was augmented last month by 10 de stroyers and one submarine, besides the superdreadnaught Idaho, which will Join Admiral Mayo's forces upon their return from Guantanamo bay. Cuba, within a few days. Five auxil iary ships also were completed in March and present exTectations are that more than 150 additional shins will be delivered before the end of the year..., . ' EUQEN E DEBS IS ON WAY TO THE FEDERAL PRISON J Cleveland Ohld--Eugene V. Debs, many ; times candidate for President on the socialist ticket, gave himself the federal authorities here and started for the federal pHw. -MoundsVille, Va., lri charge of United States arsir Charles W. LaPP t0 ;beginserTinrivhisilQ-year sentence for violatfori 6t th" espionage' e oartyTwill reach Mound sville lte t the . necessary transportation c sctl ens can. be made. : .. ' - FBI

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