North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
. U.J art tht grave and tie. dartnttf;
ASTER SUNDAY, which in
1919 f&lls of April 20 it
may fall as early as
March 22 and as late as
April 25 will be celebrated
over a large part of the
civilized world this year with pecul
iar Fignincunce. In general It may
be said that to the Christian na
tions It is the principal festival of
the Christian year, inasmuch as it
commemorates the resurrection of
Jesus Christ. In the words of Paul :
"It Christ be-not risen, then is our
preaching vain, and your" faith is
aho vain." "But," he says, "now is
Christ risen from the dead and be
come the first fruits of them , that
sleep." . - " .
History shows that the - celebration
of a religious celebration at or about
the time of the vernal equinox is older
than history. In pagan times it marked
the dawn of a new year, the end of
winter and the approach of spring, the
springing of life out of death. Na
ture first taught man to celebrate the
lister season. She is full, in sprlnlg
of emblems of the resurrection.'
All winter trees stand stripped and
bare. The shrubs, the grasses, the
fk'wers sleep in a cold sepulcher of
snow. But in the spring comes the
dawn of a new life. The snowdrifts
nielt. The rivers burst their ice
bonds. The trees put forth buds The
grasses awake from their slumber and
show green. The crocus and the
pasqne flower break forth into bloom.
I is the resurrection time of the vis
ible creation. It is the Easter, time of
the world. It is nature's answer to the
Inquiring soul of man.
In consequence Easter is a time of
rejoicing, apart from-its. religious sig
nificance. What a gift is life, at this
time I What iov it Is to live ! The
Joy or tV visions of the eye; of the
beautiful and sublime in nature; of ac
tivity and work and overcoming diffi
culties; of high and noble aims and
of elevated thoughts; of friendship and
tove; of doing good; of harmonies of
ttv.sic; : worship and prayer these
are some z the Joys of life that loom
larpest In t'i spring of the year, when
neath in the natural world Is swallow-"
up in life. ' ;, : '
Raster shows the original unity of
Knrff,can nations. It. is a word corn
won to all western .tongues, but the
name stands for the East and comes
out of the-East. In Sanskrit, Greek
'and Latin we find the same root that
w, do in the tongues of the North of
Eun pe esten,. ost, and aust mean
ifis brightness, light or dawn, .the spot
- from Wl)ich light first comes, the East.
Mai"Tv things have been combined to
rjrike' the present-day Easter - Some
of th odd ceremonies of the day are
Shocking Sacrilege! A
a clergyman who had just taken
the duties of vicar of u a, Scottish
country parish called at a small
fnn in making his first round of vls-
jts He was shown Into the .par
lor and, after looking at' the book
Sf, he said to the farmer's son! who
had received . him : "Are these all
tfle tooks your fatter ha in the
f ouse?" "Aye," the I'.boy replied:
hich of them does he use of tenestr
ntinued the. minister:
wia the boy, pointing
... .v ... ' . 3X.. JW
Mr js??5E o
i f Mi ;fl ...
PI W 'n" 1 if i
fef - VrA !lvl i t
h ... II m - -a UlL: lli
,J5 iS: - i mrnmnm-iracnL-
ffl i ' !
ng toa large leatn-jine
vi pagan origin antedaUne rprnrdart
.(. . . -mw
history. Fpr example, the fashion nn-
rde which marks the day in large
cities undoubtedly had its beginning in
the superstition1 that bad luck for the
coming year was the lot of the person
failing to put on some single new
item of dress. It was many years be
fore the Christian world gave a Chris
tian significance to paean rites of
celebration, that it could not root out.
Easter probably derives its Teutonic
name from the festival of the oddpss
Ostara, in Anglo-Saxon Eastre, which
ine baxons of old were wont to cele
brate about the same season. The
Anglo-Saxon name of April was Estor-
monath, and it Is still known in Ger
many as Ostermonat.- With her usual
pollcs the church endeavored to give
a A,nnstian significance to such of the
rites as could not be rooted out, and
in this case the conversion was par
ticularly asy. Joy at the rising of
the natural sun and at the awakening
of nature from the death of winter be
came joy at the rising of the sun of
righteousness, at the resurrection of
Christ from the grave.
The proper time for the rplAhmff
of Easter has occasioned no little con
ti oversy. In the second century a dis
pute arose on this point between the
eastern and western churches. Th
great mass of eastern i Christians cel
brated Easter on the fourteenth dnv
of the first Jewish
ing it to be equivalent to the Jewish
Passover. .The western churches cele
brated it on the Sunday after the four
teenth, day, holding that it was the
commemoration of the resurrection of
Jesus. The council of Nice (325 A. D.)
cecwed it in favor of the western
usage. This, however, only settled the
point that Easter ought to be held, hot
upon a certain day of the month or
moon, but on a Sunday. It was debat
ed, at the time of the introduction
of the Gregorian calendar, whether
Easter should continue to be movable
or whether a fixed Sunday, after the
21st of March, should riot be adopted.
The rule now is that Easter, day is
always the first Sunday1' after the full
moon which happens upon or next
.after March 21; if the full moon hap
pens upon a Sunday, Easter day is
the Sunday after.
The result of this origin, adapta
tion and regulation of Easter is that
pretty much all the world may cele
brate the (lay, and from a wide vari
ety of motives. Whether it happens
early or late, Easter always -has a re
lation to spring which time has sanc
tioned in a curious diversity of ways.
In the social sense, Easter unlocks"
spring. It opens the door to a new
season. Fashion has taken the lib
erty of making, it a dividing line over
which it likewise takes the liberty of
stepping whenever it chooses. In a
church sense the day noias tne nign
poetry and profound religious signlfi
etnee which the day derives from the
resurrection. Thus from many sides
th day acquires a color of new hopes
and expectations. ; The period of Lent
culminates in a fervid aspirational
celebration. As the church turns from
the historic tragedy of , death to the
hope of new life, so humanity turns
fiom meditation to meet the. splendid
symbolism of spring. Jerusalem's egg
ceremonies today are duplicated in a
picturesque variation by children's
snorts like those that have been held
every year on 'the White House
grounds. The opening door. T means
manv different things to many different
peoples, just as the Great War affected
differently the scattered races of the
Different From Any Other
Easter of 191& in one respect is dif
ferent from any of its predecessors
It comes at the end of the greatest
hirh seemed to be
er-covereu xm y - .
well worn. The clergyman beamed.
Oh tie B bie? I'm glad to hear that !
How S?en does he use it?" "On Sun
daTmornln's.'' "What, onFy once a
to you all, or just v himself? Na.
was the answer. "He sharpens h
razor on: it !',;' v';.-',. r:lwj,-.: V'
.' Wm-n His Business.
,.o mipal had been a most
eloauent one; and had ven, penetrated
eioqueui. vv. 1i,ii,h,rf crranite
u v - v, ,t , j.
and bloodiest war of all history. Where
other wars have slain hundreds of
thousands, this world's war has taken
toll of millions. The peoples of earth
have been brought face to face with
death ns never before since the cru
cified Christ rose from the dead. What
will be the effect?
Man has always striven to believe
in what Addison calls t "this pleasing
hope, this fond deslie, this longirig
ofler immortality." And now men who
have stood ready to make the greatest
of all sacrifices for, home, country, and
right in the very heart of this writh
ing vortex of. war have had the. Ques
tion broughthome to them. The hearts
of countless thousands, reaching across
the seven seas to those near and dear
who have- pnid the price of victory and
sleep in Flanders fields where pop
pies grow" . and the far-flung battle
front, demand an answer.
Philosophy has not been against the
Immortality of the soul. Science has
brought affirmative testimony. Yet
but one life has solved this darkest of
all mysteries; but one life has ever
won the victory over death. And the
message of this one victory Is : "I
am he that liveth and was dead, and
behold Ivara alive for evermore.' Will
the peoples of the earth believe?
The Easter message. Is the message
of the empty tomb, of the new Ufa
higher and more purposeful. Appar
ently the world lifts its face toward
the morning. Apparently a league of
n&tions If not the league of nations is
to usher in a new day. As there was
never in all history such need for
the message of Easter, apparently
never was there such an outreachlng
for it. : . - . v-.-; V , ,
Jerusalem Redeemed at Last.
In one other respect at least Easter
of 1919 will be unlike any other In mod
ern times it will be celebrated in a
Jerusalem permanently freed from
Turkish misrule after centuries of Mos
lem occupation. Easter in 1918 saw
Jerusalem in possession ofthe British,
General Allenby having made formal
entry In December of 1917, but fight
Ins was in progress in all the region
round about as well as In Europe, and
the fate of the city still hung In the
In a sense the Holy Citjc is the re
ligious capital of the world. It is
a holy city for Christian, Jew and Mos
lem. All three there observe the
spring festival In different ways with
different ritual, but all witlf elaborate
religious ceremonial. In Easter week
under normal conditions business prac
tically ceases and religious ceremonial
becomes the dominant interest. To
the Moslem Jerusalem- Is sacred be
cause of the tomb of Moses. ,To the
Jew Jerusalem is the seat of his Ra
tion's ancient . glory, with a history
covering more than 4,000 years. . To
the Christian Jerusalem is the scene of
the world's greatest tragedy the pas
sion, crucifixion a nd resurrection o
Jesus Christ of Nazareth. Thus Jerur
sal em has been tfce meeting place of
devout ,pilgrims from the utmost cor:
ners jot the world who at Easter time
have filled its, streets to overflowing.
From the year 385 the Christians of
Jeiusalem have observed the events of
Christ's passion, death and resurrec
tion in complete and dram'atic fash
ion, commemorating each ,as ' far., as
possible on the spot, of its occurrence.
organ!-, The latter came forward . and
offered 50 for the fund; ? v
' The worthy cleric was overjoyed.
"I don't know your name, sir." ha
cribdr "but I thank yon from the bot
tom of my heart I tbonk you ! May
your business" prosper, sir IM ' : J 1 j
' Then , there was a solcen hush, and
the committee lobked askance' at their
t.v "What's the matter t whispered tht
clergyman, turning to the chairman.
- - WeU er-that dnOr is an fundi
taker !" Pittsburgh Sufi.
... , i. - i".
POU AND BIGGS. : ATTORNEYS
Action is Taken to Force State.Ware
houie Commission to Provide Ma
chinery Called for In the Act.
Mandamus pi oceedings will be in
stituted at the present term of Wake
Superior Court to" compel the State
Tax Commission to provide machin
ery for collecting the 25-cent per bale
tax on , cotton, imposed by the Price
Warehouse act, lor the support of a
State system of cotton " warehouses.
The corporation commission, acting
upon the opinion of tbe attorney gen
eral, declared the taxing clause of
the law -unconstitutional, and declined
a formal request to furnish the ma
chinery and the case goes to the
courts. James H. Pou and Judge J.
Crawford Biggs, of Raleigh, will ap
pear for the department and the suit
will 'be, defended . in the lower court
by Attorney General-Manning and As
sistant Attorney General Sykes.
Following; the opinion of Attorney
General Manning that the taxation
feature of the warehouse act was un
constitutional, the Board of Agricul
ture conferred with Mr. Pou and
reached the decision to get the case
before the Supreme Court as early as
possible. Because the tax is not op
erative until after July 1, it looked
for awhile- that the case would have
to wait until midsummer. Mr. Pou
and Judge Biggs, both of whom! had
been retained, decided that action
could be brought against the tax com
mission to force them to provide ma
chinery, called for in the law, right
away. The agricultural departmen
anticipated that the tax commission
would decline to provide such ma
chinery in the face of the opinion of
Attorney General Manning,
Training Health Officers.
The University of North Carolina
wilr very-, likely enlarge the 'scope of
its extension service to include a
course for the training of county
health' officers.- The plan was given
tentative consideration in a ; confer
"encebetween Drsi Chase and MacNi
der,of the faculty of the University,
and Dr. W. S. Rankin and Dr. B. E.
Washburn, of the State board of
. The University recently added " an
expert in . sanitation to its facultyand
the institution would be well equipped
to provide the course for the health
officers of North Carolina. The prop
osition is regarded among health ex
perts as a move that would be most
productive of efficiency in the further
ance of the health campaign in the
State. - :
The conference, however, was pure
ly of a' tentative nature but is prob
ably the forerunner of further confer
ence between -the faculty of the Uni
versity and the officials of the State
board of health. North Carolina is
well up in the list of States with legis
lation for the protection of the health
of its citizenship but its force is min
imized unless the health officers 'in
every city and county are thoroughly
alive to their Job.
Tools for Education.
The state department of education
believes that those educational insti
tutions in the State that desire to pro
cure machine tool equipment . for vo
cational training work will be afford
ed that opportunity with very reason
able costsoon through the pending
Caldwell bill in Congress, which is to
have final consideration just as soon
as Congress reassembles. The bill
proposes that the government's sur
plus machine tool sets be loaned 'to
such institutions throughout, the coun
try, but the ;war department will pp
pose this and recommend that ; the
sets be sold outright to the instttu
tions at some very low figure.
Some New Charters.
The Pilot Milling Company, of Pilot
Mountain,' was chartered with $25,000
authorized capital, and $15000 3 sub
scribed by P. T. Hurley, J. H. Clifton
and others. -
' The Beaufort Garage Company, of
Beaufort, is chartered with $50,000
capital authorized, and $10.000 1 sub
scribed by A. F. Drane, and others,
r The Royal Operating Company, of
Greensboro, - is chartered with3 $125,
000 capital authorized and $300 sub
scribed by N. Callahan, D. H. Everitt
'and others. :.' " '
Workers Are Discharged.
Washington ? (Special). The Infor
mation and education service ' of : the
department wof labor issued this state
ment: 'N "Change of the noon lunch
period from ne-half hour to three
quarters of an hour by 'the; Liberty
Ship Company of Wilmington, N.
has brought refusal ot; the men to
'iccede to the new arrangements, and
'their 'discharge "has - been ordered by
the company. The men are willing to
'continue at work under the old sched-
ile. leaving the qutfstion ? at issue to
? r.-rr s i -r - -fV . ;
Projects for Improved Roads. ,
After , f ir initial, three days' clcie
study of the North. Carolina highway
situation; in conference here, the new
State-' Highway : Commission gave an
interview asto the situation as they
find it and the general policy of the
-.The situation in , a nutshell being
that there are in the. State 49 projects
of road improvement taken over from
the retiring commission in which 4the
Federal aid involved is about $720,000,
while the total Federal aid that will
be available to July, 1920, is $3,500,000,
with a probable , million . dollars avail
able on the part .of the State from the
. automobile : tax. . Then as ; to policy,
I the commission has provided a system
' of maintenance "thai is -'definite "as to
counties generally 'with a 50-50 basis
and divided the State into -four dis
tricts, one commissioner to visit every
county just as soon as possible and
make return visits as often as neces
sary for the closest posible- co-operation;
hard-surface roads to have just
what consideration that the commis
sion deems possible with due regard
or the entire State system of roads.
Commissioner Page, speaking for
the commission, said the commission
found 23 projects of road construction
under way in which the government
aid amounts to $291,000, 18 projects in
which surveys have been made and
being considered by the government.
in which Federal aid would amount to
$223,000; eight projects, the - allot
ments have not been made " but in
which the Federal aid would be about
$166,000 and one amendment agree
ment involving $40,0C0.
Worth Carolina Casualties.
Casualties recently reported from
the War Department as having occur
red among North Carolina troops, are
Killed in Action Corp. Norman L.
Beach. Morganton Privates Jas. P.
Lash, Southern Pines ; Jos. W. Run
yan, Shelby; Thomas -Hunt, Alert. S
Died of Wounds Private Norman
Woodsby, i Barnard ; Corp. Marvin
Dale, Morganton ; Ira N. t Carpenter,
Died of Disease--Private J!. S. Eyer
ette, Robersonvilie; Corp. Simon Boyd,
Winterville; Privattes Fred Gillis,
Lumber Bridge; Sam Turner, Wood
land; Gilbert Cameron, Jonesboro;
Willie Cofleld, Maryhill; Corp. M. S.
Johnson, Durham ; F. B. Williams,
Lewiston; Corp. E. C. Taylor, Fur
Died of Accident Cook F. C. Henry,
Currie; John Thomas, Clarkton.
Severely Wounded Privates Willie
Maynard, Raleigh; Wm. A. Davis,
Other Missing Men Located-The
names of thei31 missing men, all from
North Carolina ,most of whom arrived
on the Huron; are:' Cornelius Burg
bower, James S. Lane, Joe R, Davis,
Jesse Hooper, Miley Burnett, Lonzey
aFircloth, John L. Holbrook, Frank W.'
Reece, William Taylor, Whitford To!
blin, Ed Young. Ernest Gaddy, Cliff
Butler, Elmer W. Cline, Albert W.
Hartsell, Carey -E. Snellgrove, Pete
Bussio, Charles Lassiter, John L.
Wald, John P. Madden, James C. Ev
ans, Albert Goodman, Jacob M. Mat
thews, Ernest Norris, Charles W, Co
ceman, Walter L. Bost, Robert H. jpel
vacho, Chester W. White, Roy Donald,
Peter J. Duddy and Roy Williams.
Forming Adenoid Clubs. , r
The State board of health is arrang
ing to form Adenoid clubs in the coun
ties of the State as rapidly as possible
to the end that competent specialists
may be assigned to remove diseased
tonsils and adenoids where needful.
This wjll be accomplished through
special rates for, the operation made
possible by gathering numbers of chil
dren together at a central point for a
given date so that all the operations
can be performed with one visitation,
It is estimated that there are 46,00fl
M,fMn in th state who need this
operation and less than 25 per cent
are able to pay the fees for single op
erations. ' ' ; f
Chance of Foreign Service.
Following a call for volunteers tc
police the areas of Europe devastated
by war, United States army 1 recruit
inr stations have been opened in1 Ra-
leigh, Durham, Fayetteville, Gastonia
Winston-Salem. Charlotte, and Ashe
I ville with Greensboro as headquarters.
1 Lieut Col. Edwin Butcher is in charge
with Lieut Chas. S. Floyd assistant
Those who have had previous service
mav enlist for the period of one yea?
in this country or three years in the
ATpnt thev choose foreign service!.
Better Babies Week.
Governor Thomas ' Walter Bickett
issued a . proclamation for Better Ba- one-fifth of the registered voters in
bies Week beginning May 11. It hai Lumberton township asking for an
been the custom in North Carolina tc election to vote on a $100,000 bond is
observe this we?k for several years sue to build roads In Lumberton town
past but-this yea is the first time it ship under the new township road law
has been dignified with a: call from will be presented! to the county com
the chief executive to jthe people foi missioners ; when they meet It Is,
its observance. ' . i i learned that . a like petition will . be
"A little child shall lead them, says presented from St Pauls township.
the Governor in starting his proclama- The law passed by the . recent, leg
tion which he concludes by urging the islature provides. . that .feny township
people to study and put into execution in the county may Issue bonds to build
the plans of the Heaitn peparcmeni.
War Motion Pictures. ,
rh Price of Peace," a wonderful
motion picture to be used throughout
the country during the approaching,
Victory Loan campaign, will be seen
in a number of North Carolina ewes
: Two prints will be released In the i
State. Engagements or , bookings are
how being made by Lieut C. K. Bur
gess, of the 113th Field Artillery, whe
has resumed his law practice In, Ra
leigh with his former, partner, Majoi
W. T. Joyner.' Ueut Burgesa ha
contented to serve aa ... State flto
cnalnnan in the final war loaxt;. ,; tA
u i i- - - ' - " . , - ' ; .... . . . : :
v -v r , 's ') . , fi,-
INFLUENZA IN NEIGHBORHOOD
- OF REIDSVILLE SUBSIDES;
' GOL DFEVER RAGING.
ORE IS THOROUGHLY TESTED
Owners of Property Applying for In
corporation, and In Few Weeks
Work Will Commence.
Reidsville. Gold is to be found
near Reidsville, according to reports.
Some time ago we. told of gold and
platinum at Ruff in, and now comes
the story from Martinsville.
F. E. Johnson, an experienced miner
and assayer of Santa Barbara, Calif.,
has returned to Martinsville for the
purpose of working a certain' gold
mine near Mayo church, in Henry
county,' known as the Taylor property.
Mr. Johnson was here last fall for
a month or so' for the purpose of pros
pecting for minerals and during the
time he made considerable investi
gation of the Taylor property,' consist
ing of several tests or the ore, the re
sult of which, it is stated,vwas the
finding of gold in paying quantities
and traces of platinum.
The owners of this property are
making application to have the com
pany incorporated and in a few weeks
the work at this mine will commence.
Airman's Body Found.
Fayetteville. The body of Lieuten
ant Harley H. Pope, aviation officer,
who lost his life in the Cape Fear
river here on the night of January 7
in an airplane accident, was found by
Orrie Johnson; river fisherman, who
three weeks "ago discovered the body
of Sergeant W. W. Fleming, who was
drowned at the same time.
His diligence was at length reward
ed by the recovery of both the bodies. '
Lieutenant Pope's body was found not
far from the spot where that of Ser
geant Fleming was recovered, between
the jtwo bridges, wh'ch span the river,
a mile below the point where the
plane went into the stream. ' The
body was not in as good condition as
that of Sergeant Fleming. - One hun
dred and six dollars in f paper money -and
a gold watch were on his person,
both of these being well preserved V
Mills Running Full Time. '
r Gastonia. Announcement was made
by the management of the, Armstrong
chain of mills, whose Gastonia plants
are the Armstrong, Dunn, Clara, Sem
inole and Osceola, that these prants .
would resume full time operation. For
some time past these mills, like near
ly all" the mills in this part of " th
country, have been ' running three
nights and four days a week, closing
every Thursday afternoon at 6 o'clock.
However, these mills will now run
full time.- This news was Joyfully re
ceived by the operatives' who have,
however, manifested a splendid spirit
of co-operation with the management
during trying times. " -' '
Mooresvllle Trouble Adjusted.
Washington (Special). The depart
ment of labor announced that Com
missioner F. Bendheim had reported
an adjustment of a dispute between
the Mooresville Cotton Mills Company
of Mooresville, N. C, and their; em-
ployes. The company employs 800
workers and had discharged 300 be-
cause oi tneir memDersnip m a textile
union. Commissioner Bendheim spent"
a few hours at the plant in conference
with employers and representatives of
the workers and obtained reinstate
ment of the discharged operatives.
Telephone Linemen Injured.
Winston-Salem. H. F. . H inson , and
June McGalliard, linemen for South-'
ern Bell Telephone Company, sustain-,
ed serious injuries, the injuries to the I
latter resulting in his death at the
hospital. 7 "
The men were on a telephone pole
when it broke. They fell a distance
of 30 feet to the bitulithlc pavement
Both men were unconscious
taken to the hospital
- Robeson Right In Line.
Lumberton. A petition- signed by
roads upon' proper petition. f
1 - , Hotel for .Wake Forest .
K-Wake Forests An , . announcement
which ia of viUl interest .to sall who
either live in,- or visit , Wake Forest.
Is thatMr. R. W. Warren, an alumnus
of ? the i college here, and. one. of the
most active insurance men in, the
State, has now on foot a movement
to construct a modern hotel . in Wake
J -porcst The building la expected . to
he one of the most attractive, conve-:
nint ftnd no to date in the State.; Al-
iough. not nennttejy. aeciaea uxe pro
eeter - expects7 the projectto inake
Aeceasarr an outlay of 0Tr $40CX
.-r i. -.- -i