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POLK COUNTY NEWS, TRYON, N. 0.
MECKLENBURG "OVER TOP"
IMPROVED (JiarORH fllTERKATlONA
The Estimated Amount Subscribed by
i City of Charlotte and the County
V is $321,850 Over Quota.
CARE OF BACK-YARD POULTRY
Phase of Home Production That
should Be Considered by Those
v Desiring Eggs arid Meat.
'spared by the United States Depart
mrar ment of Agriculture.)
The keeping of fowls on a town lot
rr in the back yard is a phase of home
reduction that should be considered
!iV all who desire to supply the table
-ith eges apd meat at a cost consid
erably below the usual market price.
Ordinarily, the keeping of from 12 to
"5 hens is sufficient to- provide the
average family with eggs and meat.
For a flock l 5 hens a space of from
oO to 30 square feet per bird should
e allowed, and the yard so divided
Es to permit them to be alternated
from one jaiu iu uuo,
lot of 25 by 30 feet, which Is even
waller, than the Average town loU
should be the minimum space .for a
flock of this size. By having the
vard divided cover crops, such as
wheat, oats, rape, or rye, can be
growing in the unused yard and
when sufficiently grown the fowls be
allowed to pasture it. "
For a yard 25 by 30 feet, or 750
square feet in size, the above-mentioned
grains may be sown in the fol
lowing amounts: Wheat, 2 pounds;
oats, iVz pounds; rye, 34 pounds;
rape," 2 ounces. When available,
lawn dippings make excellent- green
feed for fowls.
In this way the contamination of
tfce soil and the possibility of disease
sre reduced to a minimum, and at
A Suitable Type of Poultry House for
the Town Poultry Keeper Whose
Space Is Limited.
the same time green food is provided.
The actual selection of the breed
should riot be a difficult matter when
one considers that more depends upon
the way fowls are managed than upon
the breed itself. Pure-bred fowls of
the general-purpose or egg type pur
chased for a reasonable figure are well
suited for backyard poultry plants.
However, when pure-bred fowls can
r.ot he obtained,- grades properly cared
for and fed will usually produce suf
ficient eggs and meat for the table
of the average family.
SENSIBLE TREATMENT OF HEN
Indispensable Requirements for Suc
cess Are Comfortable Quarters
and Good Feed.
It makes no difference to a canary
ether it is. kept in a cage that cost
)W or 40 cents, or whether it has its
ed and drink in china or eaTthen
oisnes; but it makes an immense dif
ference whether it has good care or
18 fleeted, and whether or not its
- jeds are properly supplied. These
are equally true of a hen.
.-ensible treatment is of far greater
"nportance than stylisn qUarters.
tit 0(luiPment should not be de
oea- It can be so used as to be
ofth Value Sti11 lt is-' not .one
t' . v;tal things. The indispensable
trv f ents for success in the Pul--.hip
ness are g00d stock5 comfort
er ? healtllful Quarters; feed ana
titv V i 200(1 qiiality' In Proper quan
protert ''U suitable times; and full
-"un from diseases and enemies.
ere Losses Will Result From Use
poor Feed During Hot Days
lWL h m ',veather sour or musty
"to i IT m t0 be used for Poul
an in winter, v Severe
Poor ulL -rom tne use of
act r r.n 1 IJays t0 ' ow the
Cn - ...
bins hr"on of the grain in the
Ion 1 may have been there for
Never allow portions
0n davS Lre,falD In tne tT&
taQinated Z J may become w
tog. then be eaten
FEED SHEEP CN CORNFIELDS
Practice Has Proved Satisfactory In
Saving Considerable Labor
In Many States, v;
(Prepared Jby the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture ) -'
Ordinarily the management of the
farm flock of sheep calls for compara
tively small demands upon farm la
bor. The labor cost per dollar's worth
of wool or lamb is lower than for any
other farm animal product. Yet, while
sheep raising does not necessitate ex
pensive equipment or heavy labor, it
does require study and continuous at
tention. However, the effects of the
reduced supply 0f available farm la
bor, brought about by the drain upon
it by the army and war industries, may
be counteracted in part by the adop
tion, where possible, of one or more
of the following suggestions:
j Some labor can be saved on the
stock farm by a more general adoption
of the practice of feeding sheep in
Sheep Harvesting Their Own Feed and
Saving Labor for Their Owner.
cornfields. This practice has proved
ery satisfactory in many states. It,
of course, necessitates purchases in
the fall and marketing in December or
January, and js, therefore, adaptable
on a large scale only to such farms or
eections as are In a position to ma.e
a practice of speculative feeding ol
live 6tock, as few farms at present
raise a sufficient number of lambs to
harvest the grain from a large acreage
of corn. ; ;; ' ;
" A larger use of forage crops for fat
tening meat stock can be adopted with
a saving of labor. This plan permits
the putting on of large gains with
crops which' are harvested entirely by
the animals themselves.
In many sections fall-sown wheat
and rye can be grazed by sheep, there
by making a great saving In winter
feed as well as.ln the labor of feeding.
In sections euch as Tennessee this
practice has become very general, and
Is found to work exceedingly well in
the production of winter wheat
Self-feeders for the feeding of hay
to fatten sheep and lambs can be used
to good advantage. Although their
use in the feeding of grain to hogs will
prQie very satisfactory in the saving
Qf labor, it is not recommended that
tilEy be used in feeding grain to sheep
In range sections considerable win
ter labor can be economized and great
er eafety secured by the distribution
of supplies of feed to strategic points
on the winter range. Corn, cottonseed
cake, or velvet beans can be stored
In metal granaries at points which will
permit of their ready distribution to
the stock in case of storms, which commonly-make
it impossible to get feed
to the stock from the nearest railroad
points. In the event of a very. open
yinter this feed may deteriorate dur
ing the following summer. In most
eections, however, the climate is suf
ficiently dry to allow .it to remain in
storage for use in good condition dur
ing the second winter.
In the past, injury has been done by
advocating sheep raising on lands
where little or no labor or, attention
is needed and farms are thereby,
cleaned of weeds. So far as their ap
petite for weeds, is concerned, sheep
may be regarded to some c-xtent as
scavengers. They will eat most weeds
and on any farm will reduce greatly
the amount of land labor needed to
hold weeds in check on the areas of
pasture and grain crops. It is a mis
take, however, to advocate the raising
of sheep where the main interest in
While the labor required for sheep
production is continuous, it is not
heavy, and if properly supervised can
well be performed by boys or aged
men incapable of other kinds of farm
labor and by girls and women. Sheep
management can be learned and un
derstood and the labor performed by
anyone who is willing to observe care
fully and think and attend to the de
tails as attention is required.
It must be understood, however, that
cheep raising should not be engaged in
with an idea that little attention ii r
quired. The wants of sheep are numer
ous ana varied, and frequent attention
is required to forestall conditions that
will result in ill health or lack of
thrift. At lambing time frequent at
tendance day and night is necessary to,
avoid losses cf ewes and younj
POISON FOR JAPANESE BUGS
Campaign of Eradication Being Waged
Against Beetle in New Jersey
.Prepared by the United States Depart
wient of Agriculture.)
The Japanese beetle, a small insect
that attacks a great variety of plants,,
has become established over an area
of approximately 10,000 acres near
Riverton, N. J. The United States de
partment of agriculture, in co-operation
with the New Jersey department
of agriculture, is waging a campaign
of eradication, or if eradication Is Im
possible, of such control as to hold the
Insect within a limited territory.
The mature beetle feeds on the
leaves of orchard trees and ornamental
plants as well as a number of annual
plants. It shows a fondness for flower
ing plants, and is particularly destruc
tive to roses. However, It is not fas
tidious in its tastes. It feeds vqrad
ously on the foliage of smart weed.
In the control campaign poison belts
have been established, one immediately
outside the Infested area and others as
intervals farther back, somewhat like
a defensive system of trenches In hu
man warfare. The, foliage of all vege
tation in these belts is poisoned. Hand
picking is resorted to, and the Insects
are collected by bushels.
The larva is a white grub that feeds
on the roots of living plants and to
some extent on decaying vegetation.
The destruction of larvae in the soil is
undertaken by the use of Insecticides
and by plowing operations.
The great danger of the spread of
the insect Is In shipments of sweet
corn. The beetle burrows into the ear
and detection is difficult. All sweet
corn shipped out of the infested area
must undergo Inspection, and any that
Is Infected cannot be shipped but must
be canned or otherwise disposed of.
HOME GARDEN STRAWBERRIES
, . . ' - - -
Varieties Having High Quality Should
Be Given Preference Get
In selecting varieties of strawberries
for the home garden those having high
quality should have preference, and a
group of varieties which will give the
longest possible ripening period should
be selected says Farm Journal. In
deciding which to plant be sure to get
some "perfect" (Fig. 1) varieties
that is, varieties which have both
stamens and pistils in the blossom.
The "Imperfect" : (Fig. 2) varieties
have the pistils and not the stamens,
and will not produce fruit unless ferti
lized by pollen from other plants hav
ing both stamens and pistils. The
Perfect and Imperfect Varieties.
common method of arranging the va
rieties where the imperfects are
planted is to plant one row of the
perfect variety, then two of the im
perfect, and so on.
FILLING UP APPLE ORCHARD
Smaller Growing Trees, Such as Peach
or Plum, May Be Placed There
(Prepared by the United States Depart,
ment of Agriculture.)
It is possible to plant between apple
trees, when set 32 feet apart, smaller
growing trees, such as the peach or
; plum, placing one between each two
i trees in the row, as well as planting a
; row in the center, of the spaces be
tween the tree rows. This is a tern
iporary arrangement, however, since
the apple trees will eventually need
all the space. Before crowding begins
the inetrplanted trees should be re
moved. VARIETIES OF FRUIT SOILS
Best to AvoioU-Ight, Sandy Land and
Heavy Clay s Latter Diffi
cult to Manage.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Most fruits can be grown on a great
variety of soils, but where possible It
is better to avoid light, sandy soils,
and heavy days. The latter are often
difficult to manage in the intensive
way necessary for the best success
with fruit, while the light soils are
likely to be affected by the extremes
of heat, cold and drought,
KEEP ORCHARD PESTS DOWN
Durability of Keeping Insects Re
duced Cannot Be Emphasized
(Prepared by the United States Depart,
ment of Agriculture.)
The great desirability of keeping in
sects reduced by modern orchard prac
tice, and attention to pruning and
other operations, cannot .be empha
sized too strongly and is . well appre
ciated by most , progressive and sue
Fig. I Fig. 2
l Charlotte. Mecklenburg county's
Victory loan subscriptions will exceed
$3,043,350 or an over-subscription in
excess of $321,850, according to a semi
final estimate given out by H. M. Vic
tor, county campaign chairman; All
banks of this county except one have
submitted their final reports, and the
bank not reporting informed Mr. Vic
tor its total of subscriptions would at
least equal its quota. The county
quota was $2,721,500, all but about
$65,000 being assigned to Charlotte
The award by lot of the six German
helmets, trophies for service in the
loan drive in this county, was held at
a meeting of the team captains and
members. Those successful in the
drawing were Frank Boomershine, L.
A. Dodsworth, G. T. Buxton, M. E.
Boyer, L. W. Buck arid Father Je
rome. Mr. Victor said the records
of the teams were such that a fair
plan of awarding the trophies, except
by lot, could be devised.
Wiseman Sentenced to Death.
Sehlby. With no signs of flinching,
Aaron Wiseman heard his death sen
tenced pronounced by Judge B. F.
Having been convicted of murder hi
the first degree at the conclusion of
his trial here on charge of having
killed Dr. E. A. Hennessee. of Burke
county, at Glen Alpine, January 31.
1918, the Avery county mountaineer
was sentenced by Judge Long to be
electrocuted June 20.
The defendant received theverdict
of the jury with slight show of emo
tion. The Jury had been out an hour
and 10 minutes following the charge
of Judge Long. It is leported that
on the first ballot the jury stood nnle
for acquittal and three for conviction.
Two friends of the late Dr. Hennessee
vent to the box and shook hands with
Jurors after the verdict was ren
dered. Husband Takes Vengeance.
Wadesboro. Claming that he had
been paying his wife undue attention,
Sanders Lindsay, a colored carpenter,
shot and probably fatally wounded a
negro Baptist preacher named Hicks
here. The shooting occurred at
Lindsay's home in the negro section
of the city.
It is reported here that the negroes,
John Liles and Paul Crawder, who
were arrested on a charge of being
Implicated in the wrecking of a Sea
board train near Lalesville, have con
fessed to complicity in the crime and
have named a negro named Eli Ben
nett, as being the instigator.
i :J Increase In City Taxes.
Wilmington. City council has ten
tatively increased the tax levy from
$2 to $2.10 on the $100 valuation and
has also increased privilege taxes in
several instances. During the past
year demands on the treasury broke
through the annual budget several
times and other demands are expect
ed this year, necessitating higher tax
ation. " '
Officer Gets the Drop.
Asheville. When Will Harris and
Jim Lankford, said to be the most no
torious bootleggers of this district,
refused to let a. member of the local
police force arrest them and drew
guns on the officer, Harris was shot,
,the bullet grazing the scalp and
wounding him enough to send him to
the hospital. The M. P. caught the
men in the act of transporting 11
quarts of moonshine. Both of the
men drew pistols but he (was quicker
than they and had the drop on them
toefore they knew it.
Summer Institute at Trinity.
Trinity College. The second an
nual session of the Trinity College
summer school for preachers will be
held this year from June 4 to 13. The
first service will be held Wednesday
evening, June 4, with an address by
Dr. Charles L. Goodell of New York
City. Dr. Goodell is now connected
iwith the Federal Council fit Churches
of Christ in America. He is a Meth
odist miniter of far-reaching reputa
tion and has held the leading pasto
rates in New York City.
Molasses Dealer Retires.
Wilmington. C. C. Covington, ewn
er f C. C. Covington, Inc., one of the
largest molasses importing firms in
the country, has closed out his inter
ests to the recently chartered branch
of American Molaises Co., of New
Yerk, and will retire from active busi
ness for a year, in order to rest. The
business was founded by Mr. Coving
ton's father, the late Edwin P. Cov
ington. The first order plaeed was
for five bajrrells of molasses. The
other day Mr. Covington ordered
Opposed to Co-Education.
Chapel Hffl.-The Philanthropic So
ciety of the State University has gone
on record as being opposed to co-education
; at this Institution. Signifl
sane is the fact tkst this yropositkMt
was the first to be brought up for dis
cussion at the first meeting of the so
ciety, in which the motion passed sev
eral weeks ego, aking roviiom for
the oteaaisatie of tfcs society iato a
bsrfy BMdeled alter the State Legisla
tvre, went isto effect. Officers lor
Cx first Urea f-fcxt year we afe
TREES; FOR THE ROADSIDE
Western Journal Advocates the Plant
ing of Apple and VarFous. Other
Kinds of Fruits."
The example of a Minnesota village
which Is planting rows of apple trees'
along its roadsides Instead of the more
conventional Lombardy poplars, Nor
way maples, box elders'and white elms,
is capable of adaption to almost every
American community. The practice,
like a good many others wfiich now
commend themselves to favor, is the
result of individual initiative. About
20 years ago, It seems, a retired min
ister introduced fruit trees to the road
way running through his own property.
The school district, seeing their value,
has now arranged for planting 250
more apple trees' of an approved va-'
riety and has committed itself to care
foi them. These are theoretically the
property of the lot owner, but it is a
safe guess that the public will harvest
a good deal of the crop.
It Is nevertheless a pleasing custom,
and one. -which is not likely to inter
fere seriously with the commercial side'
of fruit growing. . The spring months
must be particularly beautirul in this
part of Minnesota, to say nothing of
the annually recurring harvejst festival
every autumn. One would not begrudge
the passer-by his share-of the ripe
pomes', and it is practically certain
that the' privilege would riot "be great
ly abused if planting of this kind were
general. The experience of qrchardists
in such regions, for illustration, as the
great prune-growing belts of Oregon
and Washington shows that When cer
tain fruits become reasonably common
loss f rom . pilfering is negligible. But
part of the value of the roadside tree
would be the tacit invitation to share
in the product thereof. Portland Ore
gonlan. RESEMBLES OLD LOG CABIN
Remarkably Pretty Bungalow Fash
ioned From Concrete, the Mod
ern Building Material. '
American pioneers have handed
down an affectionate . regard for log
architecture, and many a city dweller
would prefer , a plain log cabin to a
modern mansion for his country home.
;A builder in Yankton, S. D., has com
bined both in a j pretty and homelike
bungalow whose "logs? are made of
concrete. The loglike units are pre
cast separately, flat on top, bottom and
inside, but with the. outside surface
molded round and with an imitation
In This Pretty Bungalow the "'Logs"
Are Precast Concrete Units, Laid Up
With Mortar, Like Any Masonry,
and Stained Wood-Brown on the
, . Outside to Look Natural.
bark finish. Ends are cast with dove
tails, and interlock at the corners. Or
dinary mortar joints are used, and the
exterior Is finished to a natural effect
with a wood-brown stain, preserving
in form all the esthetic value of the
rustic-model, but withy the cleanliness
and sanitary value of the modern ma
terial. Popular Mechanics Magazine.
Proper Housing Means Much.
, -In England the principal original
investors in a garden city develop
ment are not" concerned solely with
the financial profit obtainable from
the venture. The basis of Income re
turn is sufficient to remove any sus
picion of charity from the transaction,
while lt is at the same time recognized
by all the investors Including In part,
of course, those manufacturing con
cerns which may have a certain amount
of selfish interest in the matter that
the contented and more efficient work
men thus obtained represent a better
return than a few per cent additional
ion their investment. From; a. larger
point of view it is also apparent that
the healthier generations that will
result from workmen living under these
better conditions mean greater power,
wealth, and efficiency to the whole na
tion. Pure Air.
On every "mote that dances in a
sunbeam" there rides many a disease
germ. The dust particles sent flying
by motor vehicles pr - gusts of wind
are so many infinitesimal omnibuses
carrying loads of passengers who wish
to be put off in some warm nose,
throat or lung where they may multi
ply. And the same holds true of
every ' partide of soot that escapes
unburned from a chimney.
To the man who knows this much
of sdence, dirty streets, and sooty air
are more dangerous than all the mur
derers at large in the world. But to
the average person . street dust and
smoke are nothing more than unsight
ly and disagreeable objrts. Engi
neering and Contracting. '
(By REV. P. B. FJTZ WATER, D. D
Teacher of English Bible in the Moody
Bible Institute of Chicago.) v ,
tCopyrtgbt, 1919. by Western Newspaper Union.)
LESSON FOR JUNE 1.
FAITH, WHAT IT IS AND WHAT
, . IT DdES.
LESSON TEXTS Hebrews 11:1-40; 12:
GOLDEN TEXT Ye believe In God. be
lieve also In me. John 14:1.
- ADDITIONAL ' MATERIAL Matt, t
13; Mark 2:1-12; Rom. 1:16-17; 3:21-30; '
1 John 6:4. .
IRIMARY TOPIC Story of a Man Who
Believed in Jesus. (John 9:1-38.)
JUNIOR TOPIC Heroes of Faith. -
INTERMEDIATE TOPIC The Victory
SENIOR AND ADULT TOPIC The
Place of Faith in Religious Life.
In Hebrews, chapters 4 1-10 the
grounds of faith are clearly set forth, '
In this lesson Its nature and glorious
triumphs are displayed. " .
I. The Nature of Faith (11:1-3).
1. Faith is the eye of, .the soul,' en
abling it to see the, invisible , (v. l).,
It" is not merely Intellectual, assent to(
that which commends itself as being,
reasonable,. but it is the soul's attitude?
toward Gbd. . , '
2. Faith' seizes the things of the
future tfhd Jives and walks , In their
power In the present Xy.; D." ,
3. It enabled the ."elders" to obtain ,
a good report (v.' 2). j It mad God'a,
promises so living arid real to thenV
that lt became the dominant force In
their lives.1 1 , 1 '
4. Faith enables us to understand
how the worlds were made- (v. : 3), No (
man was present when God made the ..
worlds, so , the . foundation for . our
knowledge is the Word of God. The
one who has faith wholly believes
that Word. -
II. The Triumphant Victories s of
1. Faith of the antediluvian ; saints
(w. 4-7). As representative of .this,
period three men are , pointed , out : '
(a) Abel (v. .4), whoy displayed his
faith in his worship. J He took his
place before God as a sinner and of-,
fered a bloody sacrifice, thereby 'show
ing that he looked forward, to Christ's
atonement, 'which is substitutionary-
a life for a life, (b) Enoch, who dis
played his faith in his walk in fel
lowship with God (v. 5). (c) Noah,
who by faith stood, loyal to God in a
time of universal apostasy and wtck-,
nedness (v, 7). Noah's task was a
stupendous and difficult one. He exe
cuted it in the face of many a . sneer
and taunt, but his faith carried him
through, securing , salvation for him
self and his faintly.. .
2. Faith, of the Hebrew' saints (w.
8-38). (a) Abraham (w 8-10, 17-19).'
Abraham went out not knowing
whither he went, but he knew that
the Lord had spoken and that was
enough. By faith he offered up Isaac
believing that God was able to raise
him up from the dead and fulfill his
promise that in Isaac the promised
seed should obtain. (b) Sarah through
faith received strength to conceive
seed when she was old, counting him
faithful who had promised (w. 11, 12).
(c) Jacob by faith pronounced a ,
prophecy concerning Joseph's sons
(v. 21). By faith he penetrated the ,
unseen and pronounced destinies
which should be experienced by them
both, (d) Joseph by . faith foresaw
the entrance of his people Into the
promised land and made them swear -to
carry his bones there 'for burial,
for even his body must not be left
behind In the land of Judgment and
death (v. 22). (e) Moses (vy. 23:28).'
Faith in the hearts of his parents
caused them to dfsreprnrrl tti k!riz' v
decree. Faith caused him to turnf his
back upon the honors of- Egypt and ,
identify himself with his enslaved "
brethren. . '
. Faith's Grand Exemplar (12:
1, 2). ( -:: . " '
Christ taking upon himself human :
nature and passing through the trials
of life to a triumphant goal is the
supreme example for us. Those who
fix their eyes upon him will (1) lay
aside every weight. To run with sues
cess all burdens must be cast off.
Things which may not be sinful In '
themselves, if they impede our
progress must be laid aside. (2) Lay
aside the sin which doth so easily '
beset us. (3) Runywlth patience the;
race set before us. (4) Looking unto'
Jesus. Our eyes must be steadfastly,
fixed upon him. Having him as onr .
example we will endure the cross. To
follow Jesus means suffering and
Love as a Word. .
Love, even as a word only.' must
6tand alone. It is one of the great
monosyllables of,. our great language;
Love.' It Is the invisible gravita
tion of.tffe. With Its Invisible cords, ,
viewless but potent, it draws hearts
together, over eternal spaces, and holds
them together in an Indissoluble bond
in Time and Eternity.
The Wonder of Itf ,
"Lord, when I look on my own life
it seems thou hast' fed. me so care
fully, so tenderly, that 'thou canst
have attended to no ene else. But,
when I see how wonderfully thou
hast' led the world, and are lendlnjr
It, I am amazed that. thou host foul, ,
time to attend to , such as L'V-S t ;
Why Man Falls,
Man could not fall so low were - he
not so great. It lsifhe abused God in
t man that turns him into a devfL