North Carolina Newspapers is powered by Chronam.
PORTRAITS. GF MEDAL WIN
NERS BY J. CGHASEf OR THE
OFFICIAL HISTORY OF AMER-
CA IN THE GREAT WAR
By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN.
UUv! Now the city bells are rlngln.
Hark I Now the drums begin 'to
beat. " - ' .
Look! Where the banners, all are
swingin'. , ' '
Who's that marchln up the street?
See ! Where the flag Is flyin proud
Look ! Where the hats are tossin,
too. . '
Mos tliat steppiiT into view? f -'
The auswer is "xne marines tne lines
Lm Joseph C. Lincoln's spirited tribute to
,i'U" - . . . . A1 . - -.
-Leathernecks,'' wnicn was wriiien snortiy after;
tley opened the , ball in the first t week of June,
hi by stopping tne victorious uermans. in the
Chateau Thierry sector, rorty-oaa miles from
'Paris, "lou- snow uie rest, in uie . dooks you
tare read" how the marines not only stopped
ihe selected German shock 'troops short, but went
right at 'era and" licked 'em to -a frazzle. " The
marines were the whole thing then for quite a
rhile. They were the first Americans to get into
action on their own account and the Chateau
Thierry story was spread broadcast over the world
jfor the sake of its heartening effect on our allies.
W this marine business Is old stuff now.
Don't mistake me. The marines' have not
hanged. And there are no better fighting , men
Id the known world.
for 100 per cent all
'round efficiency they
Vara nn pnnnl. The
'military experts of all
nations will tell you so.
tor one thing, they're
Jalways equipped, ftl
rays ready, always
acked up and asking,
'Where do we go from
West branch- of the
il'iited States military
service and Uncle Sam
MS nsed them so long
as a sort of interna
tional M. P. that they
really know their busi
ness. Before the great
Mr. ton tnmr
pre the fight:eg men
fn our battleships, and
,- uiey were Dut
re anywhere t
I no difference: where-pretty soon Washlng
' got rnis stereot.VDed
landed and have tho cif,,fu . u i 1 a
Iijj ... iumiuu well 111 liaiiu.
i a to this their unofficial motto, "What we, have,
nod and you have. a pretty good line on
p icked out of fighting men.
u marine stuff i
v.v biuu iui nu cii in .
pwnt reason-for two reasons. One Is that
r was a lot of iflghting between June 1 and
pjber 11, 1913. The other is that we are
K?DUinR t0 hear a11 about it.. The point
i While the marines , kept right on adding to
C aurels and the regulars ran 'em a dead
i '-the, common, every-day American soldier
-UidnCneS Of the Eomrln. i
rj - '". limners nimseii. ixaiioiuu
it . (l nn Yp
1st? c 1 " , mkMlfyMfX 1
army, air service it made no
r worthy to stand and to charge alongside
i Th marines and words can say no
lney have thpir Awn Tl o rc In a aim o nrf
"IWOD it in tho
tin if v u WUJ u ugnung man can
I " 1011 Itnnii.
i - """" uv. , .
German high command at the Spa In Bel-
UUring the War stlldlPd tho AmoHnan cnl.
mite i y ana tnoroughly, and formally
i u u 3 mill iiim j 1 1 1 1 ! li I . rppiirriN.
Vl0n Run(tendt, on. General Ludendorffs
unit ,that got a chance at
fhe Hun showed It. was made
up of heroes.
How do these incredible
young ' fighting Americans
look and act and : have their
befng? Why, . you" . know.
You see these heroes every,
day either actual or poten
tial. They are coming back
by the thousands, tens of
thousands, hundreds of thou
sands. They look very much
as they did when they went
overseas the able-bodied
ones. You can see changes.
If you look close, but in the
main they are the same
- smiling, jolly, clean, decent,
good-natured American "boys. No wonder the
French loved them for their looks and their ways,
wondered if It was possible' that they really could
fight and went delirious with, ecstasy Vhen they
put the Hun on the run and kept him, going Is-
'Well, the generations to come, who cannot see
these American heroes in the flesh, will have the
chance to see a few of these heroes in official por
traits. Joseph. Cummlngs Chase, well-known .portrait
painter, who went overseas In October on a spe- .
clal mission- or the War college, has returned. ,
He brought with him 142 portraits, including a
complete set of likenesses of the sAmerlcan . gen
erals overseas save four, "which he will be com
pelled to" paint here. There are 72, portraits of
generals, 50 of privates, ."noncoms" and lieuten
ants who performed especially noteworthy serv
ice; 20 are pictures of officers of various grades.
Mr. Chase was selected , by the. War college to
paint these portraits, which are to be Incorporated
Into the official history of America's participation
in the great sWar. '
boubtless the generals and other officers of high
rank are all imposing In looks, but their portraits
have been published before. It is quite likely popular-interest
In these official portraits will' rub
s made public some of these official con- largely toward those of the . fighting men. Some-
' One i
. 1 1 1 r ifL-. . ,
T- . ine Attiprlpnna n ro rprv
and fiptivn . .
mm tl- "igniy temperamental." ,ae
right ly saying that with the Americans
V flnnff fTas a 800d deal of a eportinrpropo- -KafenV
Uf they vvanted to get all the ad-
"m. yusssiuie out oi ir. uesiaes,
to tell whnt tho - AmpHrans
"light attack anywhere and any
get tired sitting around or
their V msquitoes .or ' feel mad ,be
ere apt t0 tf.1 ms liad Ilot come up then they '..
nstK,u '!l 11 ut on the enemy, Major von
rrioim t0 nnne offhand, some of the
, , ' "nueieu Dy. me nign-.com-"-.
XhC " best replied
you call 'tho Rninhnw In
.-" ...,-,-1.- v. hoiinwd. onlv two Dilots remained
, uuu liiul 1 1 1 v l x l f 1 1 1 I M M 1 1 r" rn wmiTii o . -
Penh... . !Rarru's (Second roionow ic n.,A wla f other is a well-known New York arch-
theFir ; ;(i'"nn!,ylva5ia National Guard), itect, and his uncle is the famous punter, Frank
ti.. firNt ri'L'i.ifii. i. ,,ti. itira viB nnIrPs a different -sort
ueQ thp h- " . jjenson.
J flvHonT- 0uniinjl records were examined ,' of courage from that of the charge in theheat of
Jet eir Were alsf und included among battle. Let your Imagination go along with this
Wtx.-cr,v: Thirty-second Mhin nd lifnr . alone inj the' heavens at night over the
I Guar, tUtu n:il rd), Twentv-Sfxth rNatfnri- i nmv countcy, and make your own estimate of
W. nHr ,?nnd). Thirty-third f National . this city boy, well-brd, educated 1 and reflneci and
U1 fi,,..:1"' 1 irie). and Thirt ivto. , fivo American stock. - Keep in mma, too, mat
half ,M'cnu), and that division made
hndv sold: "No army is - nigger man us duck
privates." He said something.
'- The. four portraits-here reproduced out of 18 at
hand are the selection of the etcher and not of the
writer; so it' is clear that reproduction quality and
not the record of the soldier determined; the
choice. Yet this choice, haphazard as to deeds,
shows clearly the marvelous qualities of 'the
American; soldier. '. Here is what the four did,; in "
brief: VJrx: " ; ; - .
v Lieut, hillp Benson, One Hundred and Eighty
fifth Aero Squadron. During the last three weeks
of the fighting Lieutenant Benson made trips'
nightly over German towns dropping hundreds of
bombs and fired 'thousands of rounds of ammuni-
tion into Hun'supply trains. Of the pursuit group
L TneffiniJ . l'erian high command as volunteers
i"' rho . ---"lit
" Corporal Walter E. Gaultney,
fantry, Fifth Division, Corporal
picked out by his commander as an example of
his finest type of soldier. Gaultney was wounded ;
that couldn't stop him. . Alert, ingenious, speedy,
heedless of personal danger, he .went at the Hun
;4'Hke Samson with the well-known Jaw boneonly
this young Samson's jaw. bone was that nice long
trench knife you see strapped along his pack.
Just what this young fellow did is not told ; evi
dently he is a natural-born fighter and the regular
army training has made him pretty nearly 100 per
cent efficient as an all-around fighting man.
Private H. J. Devereaux, Company M, One Hun
idred and Twenty-fifth Infantry, Thirty-second di
vision J When his company crossed the River
Ourcq and captured the Bois Pelger, the corporal
of his squad-fighting beside Private Devereaux
was wounded by machine gun fire. The corporal
- fell to the ground and the enemy continued to fire,
6n the wounded man. Mad clear through, pever
eaux sprinted across the open and, single-handed,
attacked and put the machine gun out of action.
Greatest Feat of War.
It Is also known that Chase has painted a por-
. trait of Sergt Alvln C. York of Pall Mall, Fentress
county,1 Tenn., Company G, Three k Hundred (and
Twenty-eighth Infantry; Eighty-second division. It
!ls to be hoped that the painter did a first-class Job,
for York's exploit was probably the greatest indi
vidua! feat of the war. York, then corporal, on
October 8, 1918, killed 20 Germans', captured 132
prisoners, including a major and three4 lieutenants,
put 35 machine guns out of business, and thereby
broke up an entire battalion which whs about to
. counterattack against the Americans on Hill 223
in the Argonne sector, near Chatel-Chehery. He
outfought the machine gun battalion wfth his rifle
and automatic pistol. There were, seven other
Americans witn ioric, dui it was xork's fight and
but for him not a man of them would have come
out alive except as prisoner.
Moreover the man and his home and his sur
roundings are Intensely interesting, being entirely
out of the ordinary. Here are a few outstanding
facts : , ,
lift was born December 13, 1886, stands 6 feet
and tips the scales at 205 pounds. He Is red head
ed. He Is a dead shot absolutely sure death with
either rifle, or automatic"; In the course of his fight
he killed a German lieutenant nd seven men who
charged him from a distance of 20 yards. He Isji
. fighter' who "gets cooler and cooler as the danger
: grows. - " '
He used to drink, gamble and swear. He quit
Mn '1915 -and Joined the Church of Christ and
"-Christian Union, of which he is second elder and
singing leader. He was a conscientious objector
until convinced by Capt.. B. C. B." Danforth at
- Camp Gordon that the Bible proved it his duty to
fight : He believes in a personal God , and looks
- upon his successful explby: as a miracle. " 'Blessed
, Is' the peacemaker,' " he says.
He is farmer and blacksmith and provides for.
, his motner, one Droiner ana tnree small sisters ;
the mother six brothers and sisters are married.
His forbears for generations were Tennesseeans.
When York landed the other day theTennessee
society took possession of him and tried to make
him feel that New York city was his.
- Of course York was having :the time of his life,
yet really, you know, he was regretting that he
wasn't home to ieaa ine singing at , the Possum
IMPROVED UNIFORM INTERNATIONAL
hnvP to be-Just about 100 per centper Trot Jibing revival.
r.Xvontnllv and physically, and In a sense are And at the Possom Trot revival. In the valley
iect meututij - . ,,- . . n.tinh rii xrtY ita on to
y. t win k t- -a. . -; - TUtorvslflW BrocKi, ijompauy o. ou-iccuiu roaujiucuvywus,, j.v.b ueiguuvrs wefe prouaer
ecan rl -r: ..MV.fcCU! ;. . .rirrz.-r: nlvlRionSoiith.. of Soissons on over the fact
rgeouj picture of the:Amer-
N.v nn," An(1 Wajor von RnnJn
I a VP rgeouj plctur
""II Wo -o"""s uiaii.
fv i Hn ...
OflfightnP nTZ l0' th individual exploits
of "uiation i,u. nc ei xne real thrills.
"as r j giv
that he had ; "kept straight than
1 i rjorooral Brockl 'came to the conclusion .overwhat he had done to the Hun. Besides, while,
.A:nJnn had too many .machine guns. He ' .Alyii was "all-right," God bad had him in charge
. ,.!.f thA two that were causing the heaviest sin
picseu wonr vnnt stnele handed Gr,
ioac - . 'nartfmlnr- STUnS. v
andi capturea xf flHftH
theVrZ Va,6r that recognition; this -as only; one: -ffblr Sooi
this .... 5 lnPaPetlc chronicler Evprv- V . -
en us the bald outlines - eyery Boche pertain nS
His citation says
onlyt one incident of Corporal Brocki's
.crtlnB to CbaserevileBtly one
the day he enlisted. "It wasn't Alvln,". said
e -Williams, who is waiting for. him, "it was
with -the hand of God." r .
ich reminds us of the first words of the Hun
major! captured -by.- York.-
ritlshr he asked. . ,
American," said York . V .
ood-Lordl" - "
- - - . .- .
(By REV. P. 'B. PITZ WATER, D.
Teacher of English Bible in the Moody
Bibl Institute of Chicago.)
Copyrlsht. IgCby AVotern Xewipapef Cnlon.)
LESSON FOR JULY 6
:-...v- -.. --" '
CHURCH; ITS LIFE AND WORK.
LESSON -TEXTSActs 1-4 J7-47; X
' GOLDEN TEXT-Chrit also loved thft
church, and -gave himself for , it. Eph.
6:25. - f - -
ADDITIONAL MATERIAL I Cor. 12:
4-31; Eph 1:15-23. 4:11-16; 5:25-27: Rev. J:
10-20. - - -
PRIMARY TOPIC-Our Father's House.
JUNIOR TOPIC-Why We Should Lovs
the Church. ; -" . . - .- --- , ;
INTERMEDIATE TOPIC-What th
Church Does for Us and What We Should
Do for the Church.
SENIOR - AND ADULT TOPIC Ths
Spirit and Mission of the Church.
I. The Origin of the Church (Acts
2:1-4). ( ; : . ' I . ,
Fifty days after the passover, while
the 120 men and women were "with
one accord in one place" the Holv
Spirit came upon them and baptized .
thenv into; one body (1 Cor. 12:13).
Thus was begun . the body called the
church. The church had its, beginning
at Pentecost;" The believers were
united around the resurrected Christ
as head. .
II. Conditions of Entrance Into
the Church (Actsj2 :37-41).
After 7 the coming of the Spirit at
Pentecost, Peter : witnessed to the
death and resurrection of Christ.
Through this testimony the Spirit con
victed these Jews of -their sins. In
their desperate need they cried out:
"What shall we do ?". Peter's reply
Indicated the steps Into the church.
- (1) Beliefjn Jesus Christ as Savior.
His argument proved thnt -Jesus whom
they had crucified was the Messiah.
(2) Repentance. vEvery one entering
the church should repent : should
change his mind and attitude toward
(3) Be baptized. The divinely ap
pointed method for the public confes
sion of Jesus Christ is baptism. Those
who have believed in Jesus Christ
should receive this tang'ble ordinance,
which symbolizes our identification
with Christ in his death, burial and res
urrection. . -
(4) Receive remission of sins. Those
who have been united to Jesus Christ
have all their sins removed; there Is
an entire cancellation of guilt. They
have a standing" before God which Is
absolutely perfect . .
(5) Receive the Holy Spirit. The eift
of the Holy Spirit is the birthright of
every regenerated sohl ' who is obedl
ent-to Christ. ' " ;-' '
III. A Portrait of the ? Primitive
Church (Acts 2:42-47).
1. They continued in the aDostles
doctrine (v. 42). Instead of being
taught by the scribes they are now
taught by the, apostles. They have
turned away from , their blind guides
and are following new ones.
2. They continued in fellowshin
around Christ as the head (v. '42). The
breaking of bread Illustrated the one
ness of believers In Christ. As all
partook of one loaf, so all believers
are one in Christ.
3. They continued In prayer (v. 42).
Tlie Ideal church Is a praying church.
4. They had a, community of goods
(w. 43-45). They had all things in com
mon. Those that had possessions sold
tiiem and distribution- was made to
every one as he had need. . ; ;
5.vThey were filled with praise (v.
46). All those who have had the ex
perience of the life of - God being
poured into them are filled with praise,
and gratitude must express Itself. .
IV. The M utual Duties of Officers
and Members of the Church (I Thess.
: 1-. Mutual Intercourse for comfort;
and edification (v. 11)., There is no
caste In the church of Jesus Christ; It
Is a brotherhood, l r '
2. Proper recognition should be
given to those who are. engaged In
spiritual service (v. 12). Only as the
grace of God abounds do men and
women turn from their secular to spir
itual interests. Those who - thus re
spond to the call of God should have
popular recognition. ? ' ; - r .
3. -' Proper' respect should be given
to church! officials (v.-13). '
While we should not give worship
to those who are leaders In the church -of
Christ we should give t'-em proper
respect. One of the signs of the de
generacy of the age Is a ; lack of re
spect shown Christian ministers.
4. Live In peace (v. 13). Although
there is in the church a diversity of
Interests and personalities the Move of
Christ should so fill -us that there be
no strife In his body.'
5. Warn the disorderly : ( 14). As
Christ ehose twelve and one was a
devil, so 4n the church there - will be
those who are . disorderly. . : All "such
should be lovingly warned. -
6. ;Be noi retallative (v. 15). Al
though others wrong us we should hot
-retaliate. .V;L - , v- w.r
- Owner Gets Spoons. .
Ft. Wayne, Ind. Nine -years ago
Dayton Abbott, chief of police, and his ;
brothers conducted a hotel at Bluffton.
Thelchlef received a. parcel post pack
age containing a dozen teaspoons re
cently, accompanied by a note which,
was signed by a woman : "I am ehd
Ing yon v these spoons." I stole them
from yon nine years ago, I dont want,
the poons to keep me.it of heaven
That's, why T.am sending them baf k to
votl 'Chief Abbott does not remember
ny one by .the tixme signed to th
tote. " ' - -
IN RUINED FRANCE
AMERICAN PROFESSIONAL AND
BUSINESS MEN MAY FIND
DEVASTATION WAS APPALLING
Varenne and Sermaize Cited as Exam
ples of the Way in Which the Ger
mans Willfully Destroyed Thousands
of Towns.- ":. :
- - f . . . ' -; -.'
By EDWARD BJ CLARK.
Washington. Scores of inquiries are
being made . in Washington by prof es
sional and business men as to future
opportunities for American enterprise
in France, and In the upbiiii ilng of the
devastated territories. It seems prob
able that if France cannot supply from .
her own population engineers enough
and enough men of the professions land
trades generally to do the work of re
construction,' the United States may
bear a considerable part of the work.
Many of the inquiries have come
from discharged soldiers, officers and
men, for the American Expeditionary
forces contained both In the commls--sioned
and non-commissioned ' ranks
many, men of a training which fits them
for the work Which Is ahead.'
Thousands of reams of manuscript
have been written about the devasta
tion in France, but no one who has not
seen it can, by any chance, have a real
izing sense of what this devastation is.
It is appalling, and a large part of it
Is devilish beau? 3 it was caused by
devilish inten1 a without the slight
est excuse of the necessities of war
fare. When cmev has seen the terriple
ravages in the fair land of France he
jm j a a a.i 1 i
reauiiy can uuuersiauu wny uie r reutu
jpeople today are so Insistent that full
reparation shall be made by Germany.
Varenne an Example of Devillshness.
There are some Interesting If com
paratively small towns in Frdnce
which the Germans destroyed without
excuse. These towns have high places
in histCry. They contained priceless
monuments of the past , which today
are level with the dust Monuments
can be rebuilt but they are not the
same monuments, nor have they, 'in
them the : Interest which centers on
things sacredly ancient. u .1 -,'.
Take the town .- of-Varenne, for In
stance. It is close to the Argonne
Forest; Varenne five years ago was a
thriving place with, several beautiful
public buildings, a compellingly beau
tiful church, whlle all about the -place
was the nimbus of history Today, the
only thing left In Varenne Is the shell
of an apothecary shop. The sign still
is over the door. It is the only, sign
left In Varenne except the sign of Ger
man desolation. . , ...
Varenne is known to every reader of
history as the place where Louis XVI
and Marie Antoinette were arrested
while on their flight from Paris to, get
out of the hands of the Revolutionists.'
Louis and Marie were more than one
half their way on the journey to safe
ty when in Varenne an astute Inn
keeper recogniz ed the party . and
caused their arrest,- an arrest which
later led to the death of both by the
guillotine In what is now the place de
la Concorde, Paris.
I passed though Varenne last fall In
the wake of e advancing army. Even
amidst dejLition one occasionally can'
find somertlng to arouse a sense of
humor.' I saw a number-of men dis
appearing down, a ladder which led to
a deep hole In the ground underneath
the' demolished- apothecary shop. I
wondered what they were doing down
there. In a few mlnutesI found out. . It
seems that in the subterranean regions
of this drug store the men had discov
ered something which occasionally is ,
found in drugstores in dry territory
lh the United " States. Apparently the
Germans had overlooked-it, and If my
eyes did not deceive me the boys had
made some find.
. What the Huns Old to Sermaize.
There is ; the town of Sermaize in
that they could to Sermaize and every
thing that they could 'means that they
entirely demolished it. It was a place
of 5.000 inhahltflnts. henntlfnllr ' lnl1
out and with One 'of the most wonder
ful churches In all France. ; : .
.When ,war had done Its worst to
Sermaize there was nothing left of It
except the church tower,' which was
jjuuuurcu wttu Mien uuies. 11 may De
that there were older churches In
'France, probably there are, but when
one reads as I did the date 1093 oa.
the facade of a sanctuary he realizes
that he is In the presence of an ancient -and
; Think what France has lost In the
demolition of this ; church I I Here was
an edifice that had stood since, the day .
only a few years after the conquest of
England by the Norman -French. It
was over one hundred years old when
Rlchnrd The L.!onhpnrf - was flrVi
v m. f$iA.tma.m r
Saladlfor the possession of the Holy
Land. The winds bore 'to tho fcmn
tower whispers of the signing of the
Magna Chart a. It was four centuries
old when Columbus set foot on tho,
Island of San Salvador. 'V;,-?-,--,,.
1 .Mention has been made of only two.
towns which today are in a state of
desolation like unto that of the Cities'
of the Plain. There was no excuse for
the. destruction of these fair old towns .
oi iTance. uniy two nave been named. .
Multiply, the-two-by 1,000 and the
uiuiuyiicnuu wm KiYe -you Close to the
number of villages' the destruction-of '
which France mourns' today, and which
Americans may help to rebuildL " ; , -