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FOR FIGHTING MEN HANDED AUSTRIA
ALL OFFENSES COMMITTED
SOLDIERS EXCEPT FELONY
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MANY OUTRAGES ARE CHARGED ARMY IS REDUCED TO 30,000
"Spanish Inquisition Not a Mark to
: Some of the Cruelties Practiced
Against Our Men in France."
Financial Terms Provide For Appor.
tlonment of Pre-War Debt Among
the Several New States.
' Washington. Cpmplete amnesty for
all soldiers, sailors and marines con
victed by court martial except those
-whose offenses would be a felony un
ler federal statutes, was proposed in
a bill introduced by Senator Chamber
lain, Oregon,, and referrsd to the mili
The stories coming, to me," said
Senator Chamberlain in a statement
to the senate, "many of them being
verified, of the outrages being commit
ted against young men . through the
Paris. The full peace conditions tf
the allied and associated powers are
now in the hands of the . Austrians.
The first sections of the terms were
presented to the Austrian delegates
at St. Germain on June 2; the final
sections were delivered to them ut
the same place without ceremony by
M. Dusatta, secretary-general of the
peace conference. The terms com-
piise the whole treaty which Austria
is asked to sign, including the repara
tion, financial, military and certain
instrumentality of the courts martial minor clauses which were not ready
are so horrible that some legislation for presentation when the official cer
ought to be acted upon to obtain re- emonytook place.
lief. In addition to the published sum-
"I want the people to understand mUT of the terms of June 2 the ne
the terror inflicted upon our young clauses royide for reparation ar
men by these sentences and also the Uangements very similar to those in
cruelties practiced against them.- tne treatv with. Germany, including the
"The Spanish inquisition was not a establishment of an Austrian sub-sec-
mark to so
of the cruelties prac
these soldiers in
TENSION SOMEWHAT RELIEVED
OVER SITUATION IN MEXICO.
Washington. The Mexican situation
'occupied the attention of both the leg
islative and executive branches of the
Tension which was evident at the
tate department when first reports
-were received of the robbing of sail
ors manning a small boat from the
American monitor Cheyenne on the
Tamesi river July 6, was relieved
somewhat by a more detailed ac
count of the incident received from
Commander Finney, of the cruiser To
peka, flagship of the American naval
forces at Tampico.
The report said the sailors, who
were on official duty, were held up by
three men in civilian clothes, two of
-whom carried rifles, and that when
informed of the incident, the Mexican
novernment authorities at Tampico
2xad expressed deep regret.
tion of the reparations commission,
the payment of a reasonable sum in
cash, the issuing of bondj and the de
livery of livestock and certain histor
ical and art documents.
The financial terms provide that the
Austrian pre-war debt shall be appor
tioned among the various former
parts of Austria and that the Austrian
coinage and war bonds circulating in
the separated territory shall be taken
up by the new government and re
deemed as they see fit.
Under the military terms the Aus
trian army is henceforth reduced to
30,000 men on a purely voluntary
ANOTHER SERIOUS BRANCH OF
NEUTRALITY IS PERPETRATED
CONGRESS UPHOLDS RIGHT OF
HOME STORAGE OF LIQUORS.
Washington. The prohibition en
forcement bill, drastic provisions and
all was adopted1 section by section by
the housed but a man's right to store
liquor in his home stood up ragainst
all attacks. On the final count, only
three votes were recorded in favor of
an amendment to make home posses
ion of intoxicants unlawful.
After all perfecting amendments
iiad been adopted and others designed
to make the bill less severe were
fowled over in a chorus of "Noes," an
attempt was made to adjourn over
night. This prevailed.
Washington. The most serious of
the recently growing list of attacks
on Americans in Mexico came to light
A boat load of American sailors
from the U. S. S. Cheyenne were held
up in the Temesi river, on July 6, nine
miles east of the city of Tampico, and
the sailors were robbed. The Ameri
can flag was flying from the boat at
Although the sailors were fishing.
they were on official duty bringing in
food for their ship, and the American
flag flying from the boat denoted that
it was official business.
1. American troops parade in Paris I on Independence day. 2 Djemal Pasha, Enver Pasha and Talaat Bey, lead
ers of the Turkish eovernment during tie war, condemned to death by a Turkish court-martial. 3 General Haig
decorating Major General Squires, U. 1 A.
HEWS REVIEW OF
Peace Treaty and League of Na
tions Stir Up Lively Debate
in the Senate.
SHANTUNG AWARD SCORED
Charge Is Made That Gift of Chinese
Province Is Price of Japan's Signa
tureWarning of Peril of War
What Shall Be Done With
Mexico? Daylight Law
Saved by President.
lAmerican independence, which would
fpnquestlonably be, promptly accepted
by the other nations."
Curiously, enough these several
fluestions distinctively American and
uert;iore prusumaoiy or ine nignest
pmportance to this country have tem
porarily been lost sight of in a burst
Ibf senatorial Indignation over the ac-
Jfion of the peace conference by whichJ
iShantung probably China's richest
jruvince, wun so,wv,uuv people, ine
Iplrthplace of Confucius is given to
i President Wilson presented the
visit him at the White House to dis
cuss the treaty. Senator McCumber,
North Dakota, an outstanding support
er of the treaty and the league, was
the first caller Thursday. Senator Colt,
Rhode Island, was the second.
UPPER SILESIA TO BE
FREE, GERMANY DECIDES.
TO TAKE VIGOROUS ACTION
Breslau. The Sileslan Economic
News reports that the German govern
ment' has finally agreed that Upper
Silesia shall become a free state.
Gustav Noske, minister of defense, ig
said to be the choice of the govern-'
fcnent to act m its representative
before the entente commission for
Galveston, Tex.. The Carranza gov-
-rnment is preparing to assert full
'control in the oil regions and reduce
the power of unattached bandit
3BTonps by sending 5,000 infantry, one
r more battalions of machine guns,
It to 15 airplanes, and five batteries
of Held artillery into the Tampico
field according to announcement here
iij Meade Fierro, the Mexican consul.
BELA KUN'S LAST SHIP
SURRENDERS TO SERBIANS
Berlin. Advices from Budapest say
that during the launching of the new
Hungarian monitor Marx on Friday
the monitor Szamos, the last unit of
the Danube flotilla which had remain
ed loyal to Bela Kun, fled down the
Danube and surrendered to the Serbians.
FIGHT FOR SHIPS IN SOUTH
MADE BY MARINE ASSOCIATION
tHaxrisblurg, Pa. Commissioner of
Banking John S. Fisher, announced
tfcat Ralph T. Moyer, cashier of the
'Horth Pennsylvania bank of Phila
delphia, had admitted to James W.
-McBurney, receiver, in charge of the
ank, that there was a shortage of
Washington. The ; National Mer
chants Marine Association is making
a fight for more ships jfor the South.
"The full force of the " association
is back: of the movement for a fair
)d$strfbutton of the Vessels of the
lemergency fleet corporation to the
various ports of the United States."
-GREAT DIRIGIBLE EXPLODES;
CAUSES DEATH OF TEN PEOPLE
INTEREST KEEN ON DISPOSAL
OF GERMAN PROPERTY HERE
Chicago. After crusilng back and
tforth across Chicago's loop district
r hours, a dirigible balloon bearing
Ave persons exploded, the blazing
wreckage crashing through the sky
light of the Illinois Trust & Savings
iBank in the financial district. The
police fixed the list of dead as the
.result of the accident at 10.
Three of the dead were passengers
n board the dirigible: The others
-were employees of the bank.
wasmngton. u-erman people are
Interested in about $600,000,000 in
the hands of the alien enemy property
custodian of the United. States. Amer
ican citizens are interested in about
$100,000,000 held in like manner in
Germany. The peace treaty provides
that Germany shall return the Ameri
can property and that the German
property in America be liquidated so
It can be used to pay claims against
.AMNESTY WANTED FOR
' . . CHARLES A. McANALLY
KONENKAMP RESIGNS AS
PRESIDENT OF C. T. U.
Washington. Representative Wood
introduced a resolution to grant, am-
joesty to Charles A, McAnally, a pri-
Chicago. S. J. Konenkamp resign
ed as president of the Commercial
Telegraphers' Union of America. In
irate in the army, who recently, was his letter to the executive board, ten-
sentenced to six months Imprison- Bering his resignation, Mr. Konen
roent after being found euiltv of amp saw ails reasons for this action
"painting the German colors on the ar purely personal.
atatue erected by the Daughters of Mr ivonenicamp stated the next
the Confederacy at Andersonville. Ga.. convention of the telegraphers is
awlson located there in the civil war."
advanced to tAugust. His resignation
may not be acted on until that time.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD.
"Many people have thought that
the mere signing of the treaty with
Germany marks the ending of the
world peril. The situation today is
still serious. The world's statesman
ship will be sorely tried in the next
few years. ,
"The peace conference 0ms been
history's greatest instance of a uni
fied world statesmanship directing
the moral and. material resources of
the "world's family of nations. To nl-.
low the spirit behind it to disintegrate
at this moment of emergency, when
united action is Imperative, would be
fatal to all the hopes of permanent
peace with which we entered the war.
"Out of it all has come the most 1
mportant international document
ever drawn the treaty of peace with
Germany a document which not only,
meets the issues of the present war
but also lays down new agreements;
of the most helpful and most hopeful
character. The nations are bound to
gether to avert another, world catas
trophe, backward peoples are given a
new hope for their future ; several
racial entities are liberated to form
new states; a beginning is made to
ward removing unjust economic re
strictions, and the gre(t military au
tocracies of central Europe are de
stroyed as the first step in a general
"The treaty is, of course, not all
that we had hoped for. Too many
conflicting Interests were involved.
Nearly every one will find in It weak-
nesses, both of omission and commis
"I come home pleased, but not over-
complacent with the outcome of the
last six months; hopfeul, but not In
the Jeast unmindful of the problems
yet to be solved."
These are the words of Robert
Lansing, United States - secretary of
state. They sound like both fact and
sense. Therefore they are welcome
in these topsy-turvy days. ,-
Admltting that the League of Na
tions Is the hope of the world, is It
one that America can accept In jus
tice to herself? That is what thW
United States senate Is trying to find
out. It is the question of the hour.
So many shades of Individual opinion
are held among the senators that ac
ceptance or rejection can hardly be
said to be a party question. Any
way, the Republican view is presum
ably correctly set forth in the follow
ing official statement by Chairmnn
Will H. Hays of the Republican na
"The situation respecting the
league covenant is simply this:
"There must be effective reserva
tions. . These reservations must safe
guard the sovereignty of the United
h tates in every , particular ; must
guarantee the Monroe doctrine fee
yond the shadow of a doubt; must
either eliminate article 10 entirely or
so modify it that our own congress
shall be morally as well as legally
free after a specified period to de
cide when and where and to what ex
tent our soldiers shall be employed ;
must retain our full control of im
migration, tariff and all other purely
domestic policies, and must provide
full right to withdraw hindrance or
conditions ; of any kind, upon giving
"It: is up to .the administration to
decide whether It will or will , not ac
cept these- essential guarantees of
itreaty to the senate July 10. He said
?Hs ... . .
Vnat tne treaty was nothing less than
li world settlement and It was not pos-
iiible for him in his address to sum
marize it ; he would attempt only a
general characterization of its scope
j&nd purpose. He offered to be at the
ervice of the senate or the foreign re
lations committee. He did not mention
the Shantung provision, or the Monroe
fpoctrine, or our obligations under arti
cle X. Typical expressions of opinion
jj-egarding his address follow:
The address," said Senator Swan-
ion, Democrat, Virginia, "is magnifi
cent, able, eloquent and inspiring. The
reasons presented for the ratification
pf the treaty, Including the League of
(Nations, were strong, eggent and un
Unswerable." ' ' '
"Soothing, mellifluous and uninform
ng," was the comment of Senator Mc-
Taking its stand on President Wil
son's principle of "open covenants
openly arrived at," the senate commit
tee on foreign relations to consider the
peace treaty met Monday. Senator
Johnson, California, brought forward
a resolution embodying d demand for
data of every character relating to the
treaty and its formulation. It called
for the suppressed plan for a League
of Nations submitted to the peace con
ference by President Wilson, which the
president admits was rejected in fa
vor of the British plan, and also called
for the stenographic reports of the
peace negotiations. It was adopted
jTuesday by the committee.
! Tuesday, after a heated debate, the
senate, without a record vole, adopted
penator Lodge's resolution calling on
president Wilson to submit to the sen
ate the text of the secret treaty nego
tiated last year by Japan and Germany
jind all other data showing overtures
made by the mikado's government to
J the central powers during the war.
! Throughout the debate thevfighting
revolved about the Shantung incident.
Senator Lodge, Republican leader,
charged that the Shantung peninsula
rwas "the purchase Drice for Janan's
Signature to the League of Nations
covenant." Senator Moses of New
Hampshire, a Republican member of
ihe foreign relations committee, called
t a "bribe," and Senator Norris of Ne
braska, Republican, denounced it as
"an outrage" and "a betrayaL"
I Senator Hitchcock of Nebraska un
dertook to defend Japan's right to
Shantung, but Senator Williams of
Mississippi, Democratic member of the
foreign relations committee, frankly
Admitted that If President Wilson had
bot yielded in the Shantung affair
Japan would have broken off from the
allies and negotiated a separate treaty
fvith Germany. Realizing the close re
Jations between Senator Williams and
Ithe White House, senators attached
much importance to the Mississippi
member's statement that Japan would
snever give up Shantung again without
"If that's the challenge we might
as well, settle it now," said Senator
Borah of Idaho, Republican.
Thursday was. marked by lively sen
ate proceedings. Senator Borah, Re
publican, Idaho, called upon the league
supporters to join him in securing a
referendum. Senator Sherman, Repub
ican, Illinois, made an address warn
ing the danger of war with Japan and
pointing out that such a war would
be "Great Britain's opportunity to re
gain commercial and financial suprem
acy from, us." The senate adopted Sen
ator Borah's resolution demanding the
text of the United States protest at
Paris ; against ; the Shantung award
1 President Wilson, -seeing the league
making no headway, and receiving ; no
Invitation to appear before the foreign
i relations committee, began issuing In
f vitations to Republican, senators v to
What shall be done with Mexico?
This question almost rivals the League
of Nations in interest. Nobody seems
ready with a complete program, but
official Washington is guessing that
something will be done soon. Re
ports come from abroad that the ad
ministration is pledged to interven
tion. This is officially denied.
Wednesday Mrs. John W. Correll,
wbose tragic experience is well known,
arrived in Washington with her fa
therless son. She hopes to meet the
president. . A list of 179 Americans
murdered in Mexico since 1915 was
made public by the National Associa
tion for the Protection of American
Rights in Mexico. Mrs. Correll said
she was leading the ghosts of the 500
Americans who had been murdered in
Mexico since 1910.
The exclusion of Mexico from the
League of Nations was based upon
the ground that it had been unable to
give, proof of Intention to observe in
ternational obligations. Aside from
the murder of foreigners human life
is cheap these days money matters
will probably force action. Americans
have about $655,000,000 invested in
MexicoS; Great Britain about $670,000,
000 ; France about $285,000,000 ; Spain,
Holland and other countries about
Great Britain and France hold the
United States responsible for the Mex
ican situation, under the Monroe doc
trine and under the policy pursued
since 1910. They want Mexico put in
position so that this property will not
be confiscated and payment will be re
sumed on national and other debts.
In short, every indication points to a
probable intervention by the United
States, acting as mandatory for the
League of Nations. The alternative
which is unthinkable is that for
eign nations will be allowed to inter
vene, in spite of the Monroe doctrine.
President Wilson has vetoed the ag
ricultural appropriation bill, giving as
his reason the fact that included in it
was a , section repealing the daylight
saving law. Debates In congress Indi
cate that the farmers were all against
the law, and bombarded congress.
w?hile the rest of the country favored
the law -and did nothing to support
it. Aside from the actual merit of the
law, students of government approve
the veto on the ground that legisla
tion of this kind is vicious. Legisla
tion by rider Is never necessary, and is
favored only by legislators who want
to avoid responsibility. The house
failed to pass the bill over the veto.
Proceedings in congress seem to in
dicate that the present "dry" spell will
be prolonged and unrelieved. There
are several preliminaries to the term
inatlon of war-time prohibition and
they all take time. First the treaty
must be ratified. Then peace must be
proclaimed. Finally complete demo
bilization of the army must be
achieved. Apparently the length of
the dry spell depends largely upon how
Germany and other countries behave.
Don't think for a moment that, the
high cost of living is not receiving Its
share; of attention these days. The
federal trade commission has reported
an - approaching domination by the
packers of all Important foods In the
United States. The department of
justice has begun the investigation of
a "$100,000,000 food combine" among
the canners Several resolutions have
been Introduced In the house within
the week calling for congressional In
vestigation into prices and the - cost
of living. People who moved out rath
er than submit to an increase In rent.
have found all the furniture storage
warehouses full, with waiting ' lists.
In 47 1 leading cities In 27 states 89
per cent of all the household storage
si ace is occupied. And finally, "the
apex of our woe, it now: costs more, to
save our dough" -which is to say that
a least one bank has raised Ihe' price
of safety deposit boxes 50 cents t
year. :J. jf. - V ;
In the meantime, If anyone lacks ex
citing reading, the newspapers are full
of every possible variety and size of
strike, with more In prospect. "
Several Sharp Clashes Ma
on Elimination of mri...
the President's Veto.
Washington. Renewed ah
house .Republican w'
. UCI Jr. I
j "ov -.iu6 ui rough o ij M
were defeated in the house d A
publican, opponents f -HI
with the Democrats in M
inate the repeal nrnvi; , H
ly afterward, without a
$33,900,000 was passed T' N
Final action on th aLi:, .
repeal came after a da,
sharp political clashes in both h
auu committees, nm.,.. .
Ing those favorine rpnoil ...
join in making the repeal vA C
b-yeecnes on the iw i
v"v "cuunwns as "jiW
POdrtlCS" Re-nnhlir. Jl
" irauCTS W
ever, insisted that the aJ
would assure earlv nasRa!ra
ricultural bill which Democrats $
wiu ut? vetoed anh-k
President Wilson, if it include4
The senate, regarded n h..
favor of repeal now has beforeVi
house bill to repeal the daylight
Inor lour HTViv n n i , .-i.
congressional leaders, mav pass n
seua 10 xne president the separs
WITNESSES TESTIFY TO THE
STATUS OF TRACTION Lid
Washingtoh.i Witnesses testjfri
from their experienec in operat;
traction lines since the begiipi
the present era of high prices i
me ieaerai eiecinc railways" coed
sion again the story of failure to k
ends meet In the industry, and, rea
ed the warning of an approachii?
sis unless public sentiment penq
the general collection of greater if;
nues for their services.
By securing testimony bearing i;
result in Scranton and Altoona,
Portland, Me., and Wilmington. Dm
the railways laid before the cose
sion evidence designed to show t'
higher fares had solved the proti
in localities where tried.
Francis H. Sisson. vice presideal
the Guaranty Trust Company, of m
York, ascribed most of the diffw
of the street railways to a decline
50 per cent since 1914 in the purcia.
ing power of the dollar.
Street railroad companies, he &
were' about the only utility which
government had not assisted
FREIGHT EMBARGO PLACED
ON COASTWISE TRAFR.
New York. A freight embargo
coastwise traffic was announced
the coastwise steamship coining
operating under federal contTol
result of the strike of seamen w
iHneprs sinn? the Atlantic ana
coasts. The order for the emba?
waa fnrwardpd to shipping po"13.
the United States railroad ads
Th an-harm has been forest
i o,ro 3 a conseque&
vf y,m. irfi r.ninr iin of creatip
ties of freight, much of it
at Atlantic and Gulf ports tnr-
lying up pi snips u, - -
t. urown, secreiaiy g
hot the entire
' x he Yirts-!
ping or tne counirj i-u- -
tied up within two weeks if w
AUSTRIANS MAY uti '
-ParisThe missing clauses rf j
Austrian peace treaty wu - a
tfinly be handed to the Am
egation in a day or so. j-
trians for consiaertu- l9
9t)H fnr flnv representations
desire to make. The
probably require iw
which to reply. c0 &
Consequently, the treaiy (
ly bo signed before Augus
FOREST FIRES CON '-
TO RAGE in
Spokane. Racing '
ridges of western Mntan
forest fires cu-;
al: small towns whichJT
ered by the flames from
tion with the .United Sta
vice headquarters at Mis
The .fire has jumped &
v, itrnilan Kulch 9f
.it Is said, there is P'aCl
of stopping it.