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POLK COUNTY NEWS, TRYON, NOETHk CAROLINA
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ft f fx J
HE National Parks association is
something "new under the sun."
despite the dictum of the adage. -It
is organized by unofficial
friends of the national parks to
enter a field jf the national
"ark movement which it is not
the function of the federal gov
ernment to occupy. This na
tional park movement is the
livest cause which Is not primarily a cause grow- f
ins out of the great war. Our entrance into war
in 3017 caused temporary postponement of the
plans then well under way for the organization of
this association. In its place the National Parks
Educational committee was formed to hold the
ground already gained and to organize the asso
ciation at a propitious time. The committee has
done its work and the National Parks association
is now doing business, with headquarters In the
Union Trust building, Washington, D. G.
The purpose of the association is splendidly
patriotic. Wholly independent of the federal gov
ernment, it will closely co-operate with the na
tional park service, the new bureau of the depart
ment of the interior established by congress, to
administer the national parks.
It is nonpolltical and one of its purposes Is to
keep politics out of the national parks.
It stands for the outdoor life, for recreation amid
scenic beauty; foresee America Firsf;" for the
development of the national parks as great
economic assets of the nation ; for keeping bil
lions of American dollars at home before the
war something like $500,000,000 a year was spent
by American tourists abroad in sightseeing, of
which Switzerland alone got more than $200,000,
000. Vet, notwithstanding these many activities, the
main purpose of the association Is educational. It
says to the people of the nation who are to use
these public playgrounds:
"lo you know that our national parks are na
ture's great laboratories and museums that the
splendid spectacles which our national parks
present are not . only 'wonders,' not merely
"scenery,' but also the conspicuous exhibits of a
passing stage in the eternal progress of creation
that they show us, upon a mighty scale, the proc
esses by which she has been and is making Amer
icathat you may double your pleasure in these
spectacles by comprehending their meaning and
that an intelligent study of them will Introduce
you to a new and wonderful world? Let us know
America, and let us really know it. Let us know
its natural as well as its national history. Let us
differentiate and distinguish and appreciate.
.Then only shall we know."
The purposes of the National Parks association
may therefore be concisely summed up thus:
To interpret the natural sciences which are illus
trated in the scenic features, flora and fauna- of
the national parks and monuments, and circulate
Popular information concerning them in text and
l o encourage the popular study of the history,
t-xplnration, tradition and folk lore of the national
parks and monuments. ,
To encourage art with' national parks subjects,
and the literature of national parks travel, wild
We and Wilderness living and the interpretation
of scenery. -
T encourage the extension of the national parks
system to represent Jby consistently great examples
full range of American scenery, flora and
fauna, yet confined to areas of significance so ex
traordinary that they shall make the name na
'i'tial park an American trademark in the compe
tition for the world's travel ; and the development
f the national monuments into a system illustra
tive of the range of prehistoric civilization, early
ploration and history, land forms. American
f'Hvst type, wild life, etc.
To enlist the personal services of individuals
ad the co-operation of societies, organizations,
schools, universities, and Institutions in the, cause
of the national parks and monuments.
The National Parks Educational committee con- '
sisted -of 25 members. , . Charles D. Walcott, secre
Jfy of the Smithsonian institution, was chairman. .
The vice chairman was William . Kent, former
congressman from California and the donor of
Jjuir Woods National monument to the nation,
"enry B. F. Macfarland of Washington was chair-
man of the executive committee and the secretary ;
was R. S. Yard of the national parks service.
Among the outdoor men were Belmore Browne,
explorer, author and artist ; Henry G. Bryant, ex
plorer and president of the Geographical society of
Philadelphia ; William E. Colby, president of the
Sierra club; George Bird Grinnell of the Boone
and Crockett club and Glacier National park pio
neer ; George P. Pratt, president of the Camp Fire
club, and Charles Sheldon, explorer, hunter and
The American Game Protective and Propagation
association and the American Bison society were
represented by their presidents, John B. Burnham
and Edmund Seymour. George F. Kunz, president .
of the American Scenic and Historic Preservation
society, was a member. The colleges contributed
W. W. Atwood, department of physiography at .
Harvard ; President John H. Finley of the Uni
versity of the State of New York ; E. M. Lehnerts.
department of geology of the University of Min
nesota and a pioneer in national parks classes.
Others well known were Arthur E. Bestor, presi
dent of the Chautauqua institution ; Dr. J. Walter
Fewkes, chief of the bureau of American ethnol
ogy; La Verne W. Noyes, president of the board
of trustees of the Chicago Academy of Sciences,
and Mrs. John Dickinson Sherman, conservation
chairman of the General Federation of Women's
clubs (the only woman). ,
This personnel assures the co-operation of many
public-spirited organizations, popular and learned,
from, the beginning. The officers of the associa
tion are: President, Henry B. F. Macfarland of
Washington, D. C. Vice presidents, Nicholas Mur
ray Butler, president of Columbia university;
John Mason Clarke, chairman of geology and pale
ontology, National -Academy of Sciences ; William
Kent of California; Henry Suzzallo, presi
dent of the University of the state of Washington.
Treasurer, Charles J. Bell, president of the Amer
ican Security and Trust company of Washington.
Executive secretary, R. S. Yard. Chairman ways
and means committee, Huston Thompson. '
Congress conceives the national parks as con- .
crete possessions of the people. As such, it pro
vides for the protection, maintenance and develop
ment of the parks. What use the people will
make of them is for the people to determine.
Here, then, is where the National Parks associa
tion finds its work. It is, in effect, an organiza
tion of the people themselves to enable them to
use effectively the magnificent reservations which
congress creates and the national parks service
maintains and develops.
It will be seen that, while the functions of the
governmental bureau and the popular association
do not overlap-they are, nevertheless intimately
associated. In a practical way the two are part
ners, each with its Individual duties, both working
toward a common 'end.
To emphasize .this Individuality, the National
Parks association is entirely separate and distinct
from government. The association is nongovern
mental and -nonpartisan. ,
The association purposes to be of use to Its
members. It will, among other things, issue a
series " of beautifully x and usefully , illustrated
popular-science papers "upon the scenery and the
wild life of the national parks and monument's;
issue bulletins reporting national parks develop
ment, state and other movements affecting na
tional parks progress of significant bills before
congress, and the progress of association activi
ties' place members' names on, bureau lists to re
ceive new government publications concerning na-
tional parks and popular science; keep members
informed concerning jinew books on American
travel, exploration, archaeological research, plant
and animal life, and the meaning of scenery; refer
travel and route inquiries from members to that
governmental or othsr agency, railroad, or auto
mobile association, which will give each inquiry
the kind of attention? it needs.
The association has prepared an elaborate plan
of popularizing natural .science through universities
and schools, public libraries, writers and lecturers
and artists, and motion picture activities. A fea
ture of its work will be the assembling of material
by intensively studying, the parks, through com
mittees, separately and as a .system, especially
their history, nomenclature, folklore, geology,
fauna and flora; by collecting this material" in
ready reference shape as the. basis of a practical
library ; by compiling , a working bibliograph, by
park and subject, of material of every sort avail
able especially in the library of congress and the
scientific libraries of 'the government departments.
The association wU establish volunteer working
committees of scientists, professors, students and
other public-spirited members, and will utilize, as
far as possible, the" machinery already established
and in operation byj university and school organi
zations, state and qunty educational organiza
tions, state park organizations, scientific institu
tions, the national government, public-spirited or
ganizations of all sorts, automobile and highway
associations, business organizations, like railroads,
automobile manufacturers and national parks con
cessioners, whose biisTness will be helped by the
work of theJNatlonal ;Parks association.
The executive coinmiljtee is assured of one sub
scription of $5,000 ;j it -is planned to secure five
year pledges amounting to a minimum of $10,000 a
year. It also expects at least 3,000 members at
$3 a year. .J '
The association aleady reports results. The
University of the City of New York has prepared
sets of national pajrks lantern . slides. ' The Uni
versity of Minnesota has been sending study
classes to the national parks for two years ; Chi
cago sends one to Rocky Mountain National park
this summer and Columbia will send one next
year. Columbia has also included a lecture course
on the meaning of scenery in this season's sum
mer school. A prominent studio has arranged
film stories to show! how glaciers work on Mount
Rainier, how the Grand canyon was cut; liow
water carved the Yoseinite valley, etc.
If well handled, the1 National Parks association,
with a large membfer'ship, may do a great work;
it has a large field; and a great opportunity. It
CUT MEAT COST
"Rings" Furnish Animals for
Slaughter, and Members Re
ceive Different Cuts.
may even succeed
a consistent park
I in forcing congress to adopt
Ipblicy. About 500,000 people
now visit the natiohnl parks every year and the
increase promises hp be Very large. There Is,
therefore, a body of national paxks enthusiasts
numbering several millions.
While the association is organized on a nonpo
lltical basis, It wilj presumably have to go into
politics to accomplish Its ends, since the agricul
tural department is. waging a campaign to secure
the control of the national parks from the interior
department and is setting up the national forests
and the-forest , servjee as scenic and recreation
rivals of the national parks and the national parks
service. Also, In Its plans to increase the national
parks system it wilt' encounter, both the open and
.secret opposition of the forest service, the biggest
and smoothest running political machine In th
United States. , - - . -
START IS MADE IN SPRING
Slaughtering Is Done by Man Hired
for Purpose Who Usually Receives
"Fifth" Quarter for His Pay
No Dividends Paid.
RELATIVE VALUE OF i
LAND AND PRODUCT
Recent- Investigation Made by
Bureau of Crop Estimates:
There Has Been Much Disparity, First
on One Side and Then on Other, V
Between Two Movements
Farm Labor a Factor.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
i Beef clubs or rings and co-operative
butcher shops are two of the plans
being used by American farmers to re
duce the cost of meat for their tables.
The co-operative butcher shop is re
garded as an outgrowth of the beef
clubs, which in varying forms have
been in operation for many years.
Typical examples of the beef clubs
have been reported to the TJ. S. De
partment of Agriculture from the
coastal plain of South Carolina. Many
of the clubs have a membership of
eight farmers, but most of them have
sixteen. Operations of the club start
(Prepared by the United States Depart 1
ment of Agriculture.) x.
Farm land value has not advanced la
he same degree as the composite price -
of crops and live stock has from the -
beginning of the war in 1018. Results" of
a recent Investigation by the bureau:
of crop estimates, United . States
department' of agriculture, revealed
that, although farm land value alone"
gained in 1915 and led in the relative
advance in 1916, it lost its lead in 1917
and, moreover, fell, far behind the
relative gain In the price of crops
and live stock in that year and in 1918
From 1914 to 1915 farm land value, .
not Including that of buildings, in-"
creased 11 per cent, while the price of
crops and live stock lost 3 per cent, '
n the following year land value went'
up 23 percent above 1914 and price,
of crops and live stock also advanced,
:mt only by 12 per cent. A reversal '
of the relativity of these movements
appeared in 1917, when land value
gained only 38 per cent on 1914 and.;
crops and live stock gained 74 per cent. ,
The divergence increased in 1918,?
since the gain above 1914 was 50 per
cent for land value and 97 per cent '
or crops and live stock.
t arm land vaiue Is sunnosed to ha . r
related, at any rate largely related, to i f
tne net pront or farming, and in fact i
It Is often somewhat affected even by ;j
single years of high or scant profit, yet "
the value of farm' land advanced in ;
1915, although the price of crops and ;
live stock declined, in comparison with r
1914, and gained relatively much more
than price did in 1916; but, on the
ttt her hand, its relative gain in 1917,
and 1918 was far from equaling that
of price. There has been much dis-v
parity, first on one side and then ; on ;
the cither, between the two movements r
of land value and produce price. i
Perhaps a scarcity of farm labor "
weakened the demand for farms. In the
last two years, and perhaps, also, the.:
net profit of farming, because of ex
traordinary high , cost of production,
was not as great I as the high price of
products would indicate superficially.
SWAT PEDIGREED-SCRUB HOG v
Some American Dressed Beef.
in the spring, when the first member
on the list furnishes a beef for killing.
The slaughtering is done by a man
hired for the purpose and who usually
receives the "fifth quarter," such as
the hide, heart and liver, as his pay.
The beef is divided into as many
parts as there are members of the club.
The next week a second member
furnishes the beef, and so on for eight
or sixteen weeks, the various portions
of ' meat being rotated among the
members so that each gets a propor
tionate share of the choice cuts and of
the poorer cuts.
Th beef is weighed after the ani
mal is dressed and thus the pounds
furnished by each member are known
At the end of the season settlement is
made by any members ; who have not
furnished their full shades.
How Plan Developed.
In an Iowa farming community ob
jection was found to these beef rings
because each household had to con
sume a stated amount of beef on stated
days during the week In order that the
available supply would be disposed of
economically. This tended to make
the beef diet monotonous and ulti
mately led to the amalgamation of the
beef rings Into a co-operative butcher
Each member owns one share of
stock in the project, and in his turn
furnishes one head of cattle or as
many sheep or hogs as are desired for
slaughter. The members are credited
with the dressed weight of the live
stock provided minus a shrinkage of
15 per cent, t .They receive ; coupon
books equivalent In value to the
amount of meat furnished, allotments
being apportioned equal In steaks,
roasts and boiling pieces. ;
Each member Is privileged to pur
chase as much or as little meat as he
wishes and at any time he can "cash
In" on his coupon book at the prevail
Ing prices. .Surplus meat is "sold to
the local trade at from 5 to 7 cents
lower per pound than the retail butch
ers charge for similar cuts in grades
of meat, it is reported.
Good Meat Required.
-It Is required that all animals be In
prime market condition when they are
Qelivered at the co-operative shop
that they be subjected to both, ante-
mortem and post-mortem examination
and that the cattle must not be more
than two years 'old at the time o:
Like the beef rings, this meat dis
tributing r. organization is strictly co
operative and distinctly under farmer
control. It pays no dividends. In
fact, the project is solmanaged that
the surplus is Just enough to reim
burse the butcher for his services and
to cover operation expenses.
Buyers Should See That Animals They;,,
Are About to Purchase Have :
Good Quality. t ,
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.) , :
. Thousands of purebred scrubs are
scattered through this country, accord
ing to hog extension men of the United
States department of agriculture, vrho
are devoting their efforts to eliminat
ing Inferior pedigreed animals. This,
they say, applies to all kinds of live
stock, but is perhaps more general In
the hog Industry. Pedigrees are neces
sary and valuable to the hog breeder,
yet the pedigree Is the 'means of fool
ing a lot of farmers, particularly those
&'te&V?' ' fozWXx sit!
Hogs Kept Under Clean Conditions, as
on Good Pasture, Are Better Able
to Resist Cholera and Other Dis
who dre about to start into the pure- ;
bred hog business and who have not ;
had enough experience in Judging to
select animals of good standard type.
Buyers should not be contented simpljr
with purebred animals, but should see
in addition that the animals they are"
about to purchase have good quality,
say the department hog specialists.; '
FOR CONTROL OF WHEAT PEST
Hessian Fly Can Be Held in Check by
Plowing Infested Stubble in Sum
mer or Fall.
For the control of the Hessian fly,
plow under deeply all -infested wheat;
stubble during summer or early fall,
where this Is practicable and does not
Interfere with the growing of clover or
Important forage grasses. If volunteer
wheat starts, kill it by disking 'or
plowing while it is still young.
: - - :
EARLY LAYING DISCOURAGED
Stunts Growth of Pullets and Tends
to Production of Undesirable v
The pullet that lays very young is
not as a rule the , best . layer; early
laying stunts he growth, tends to the
production of small eggs and breeding
from such r pullets in time results :in
the prodnction of an inferior strain of f
birds. . '