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POLK COUNTY NEWS, TRYON, NORTH CAROLINA
MIXED WHOLESALE AND RETAIL . MARKETS
HEIR" It JAIL
Long Search of United States
Naval Authorities Comes to
an End. r-
TO SOLVE PROBLEM OF COST OF LIVING
WAS HELD AS FORGER
Efghteen-Year-Ord . Youth 'Boasts of
Shrewd Trick Which, as He Said,
"Fooled Them All for
Awhile." " -
5"-J t .
,T- . a . x- tuitt ' . & If il It
II' i f
f ' f
Green Bay. Wis. Tn fh Rtafo1
formatory a pasty-faced, hollow
cheeked lad of eighteen paces back and
forth In his cell. He Is ashamed to
look his countrymen In the face be
cause he Is a deserter ft om the Unit
ed States navy. His name is Adoipti
Gerds, alias Daniel H. Tolman.
He is the boy who tricked the au
thorities at the Great Lakes Naval
Training station Into believing he was
the missing heir, to the. $4,000,000 es
tate of the late Daniel H. Tolman of
The whereabout? of this youth, who
had played tag with military and po
lice officials throughout , the United
States for, seven . months, did not be
come known until a short time airo.
Then it was his tongue that told his
whereabouts to the world.
Confides in Cellmates.
"Yep, I'm the bird you read about
m the papers," he had told his cell-
.vlv.".. ...-. .V A' A ..N..I".y . V
Ullj u 'i l
' v V
Vv,-.vww'sj?'S'C-.'-''-'-y-'-'-v- - S1
Farmers' Public Markets Shaped by Local Wedi.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
In attacking the cost of llvinir Droh-
lem through local public markets, com-
mates. "I almost had them believing munities mlghV weU
ate of SSTltrL fn0' Undert Principles that are
in Phfi-f', 000-IeftJ a1loan sh;rk -mown: to apply to such marketing in
In Philadelphia named Tolman. . But stittirtnn-i n-i-.,. jL"
- k Hct. tfie flow nf
TT tii i ......
. . . . - . . I jLrr win ppr rnr nis nvmn -w M , im i xi ....
am mea or salvaging ma- f ha 1ta r " " taese- quaiities-will have little trouble
terial Is old. For yeanr iYl"v' Tr montn. in consulting with the government ad-
m. ii i i i'iiiiii iunia t i y-kW- w v a. a. A
the wideawake mannfac- t; Tf r:;" . r , uu mou,ni vlsers WIth whm he discusses the
turer has realized the Im- " IZ uoaru win mane training he desires.
ut- me umerence. his denendents. If
TO Vm --M4-i ma
But his mates couldn't let the story coun' -T SiSS.
rct Th . i j ., 1 "id uie
" ,"''ru m me msunctlon between "1106' retail
SLh.?JT.a n!!ss on- ?CD r market" ana -farmers' wholesale , ia"
wh -- et- 'Is not drawn, bnt both be
the Great Labes Naval
Training station. Naval and civil in
telligence, officers were sent to the in
stitution. Then the identity was established.
caned a "farmers' murk-" nni
tured as one and the same In tijeir
operaition and function. 7 ' -Some
communities have tried to
change farmers wholesale markets
portance of utilizing
u W oc-ruiiuK waste products,
I and thereby has added
miilions of dollars to the value of his
output, has developed many new
products, and, in consequence, lowered
the cost of many others.
But the idea of salvaging human ma
terial Is new. Of all the factors, that
go to make up industry the wastage of
labor has in the past been the least
He told the officers th fmww f1.18' wnere tne nouse-
7 s we ooma mi ner market basket with
purchases made direct from farmers
of it at the finish, but you
"i aamit that I niade a botch ieb rr 7 ,.a-
hh nom ov o Boviug. luese attempts
mil nave to ho--a nctiofin - -
thnt Went ttlnn. .V II v. I .
iTIr "l"!" no8P"al. making preliminary investi
. 4W.ruiunui gallons of men about to he di8rhrirrM kee.v I didn't have n dima in mv n-,ut
wife and $10 to each minor Sometimes
"The whole thing started in Mllwau
e.v I didn't have a dims in my pocket
proves comparatively anoV my clothes were almost in rags.
Z hal :r,C! PA 11 Representatives of the federal board me credit tot fooling them for a TJZVf a
tK ; "7'4 '"J "ttll"imia are busy In the great reconstruction while. v" "ninepuDucine
larmers ana omciais because, accord
ing to city marketing 'men of the
bureau - of markets, United States
department of agriculture, the farmers'
wholesale market Is a very different
vantage of such opportunities as the nc- -
federal hn-rd nffor- o i -u.uic eii,eaU -jU- us great taSK wwuui uwy.Mer-Bwns. '
oSte so simnfe W ? J V 1 Is t0 8eek out e men who he to "One day a . fellow st6pped me on
quite so simple. If a man is In a hos- h nuHnMr , . tha etQf T -I-It.,-
SS" Z he tad the opportunity to secure an edu- lSng heir to a fortune. He said the
It might seem: offhand, th-it nn mn 1111111 m a Eoa JDJ .ywr U1U mouier' wno llves at
id --o .Ir,:.""," isn t always needed. The board Pg: street, "was Just about living.
"- iu nu- i acts Aft O TV nmnlAnm a I Arm
ron.lfnPJWl It homimn Mfha. 1-
p.ed fact that a dlsaWed man shouM !J.??S D Vantage of this
looted upon as fit only for the seran 7 . : . " "c cnance.
hean -mri tht -in.fAOt k.- promises, oi love and care and
-asset to himself and the nation he
heir's name was Tolman. We talked it
A farmers' wholesale market draws
to it producers who specialize in truck
crops and fruits, and who count on
No attempt has been made so far
to place disabled men In special schools
for cripples or to segregate them In
any way for training or other pur
poses. Experience has shown that such
and comfort ; If he Is pretty tired
f 11 111 .
was a liability; that he should become -II" j, . v.t "inf8S an.a n'
a charm nnnn fv,a U xtuCUieuW ne aoesn i ieei much line
.... . T-r m . . . x . . . .. I u uiai 9UUI
Aimough the world was waklnir to 7ne ffl8y ieei mai.it isnt necessary, segregation is harmful and thnt
U . I TT. 1 J.1 . . ..,1
ue unsoundness of this view before av u.uuw uiat ne can get a job. more a disabled man Is thrown with
the war began, it remained for the at weher wages than he ever got be- his fellow men who are strong and
awakened consciousness of men that fore without takinS any training at healthy, the quicker will be his re
name with the war to look at this a " ' covery and the more readily will he
fact in a more human as well as a There ,s an answer and a good one absorb training. For this reason use
more economic way, particularly when t0 every one of .tnese . arguments Is being made of existing educational
t came to the reclaiming of wound- aSamsti vocational training for men and trade schools throughout the
euBoiaiers. PerhaDS the verv nnmhpr U1BUU1VU 1U Jvurv country.
oi tnose disabled forced the nations n Isn 1 ood for a man who might More than 100,000 disabled men have
engaged In the war to look about for be abe to take care of himself, if he already sought the assistance of th
.wyraon of the problem of the maae an eiIori' 10 tnat Job over federal board of vocational education
""uuiieu men, bur with interest once I lo uuJroue eise, u uianer now cioseiy
aroused in the subject it has become they are related to him. It saps, his
apparent that It will rt -t-n rifh self-respect
. HV M-.V' VTA tk JLA
ne soldier and that eventually the He can-go home for a little while:
njured worker In any line of Indus- he can have a furlough, before he
ot commerce will tnton n starts his training. Often he can
.M . VUt V- I t -
waiter oi ract. manv or tno K"i ma uaimug ou uuse iu ma uuwe ia&e iraimug jusi as OUICKIV as nnsu
rrnt. i , . . . . - . " r
w maustnes already have dis- that he can live at home. And even sible after they leave the army. When
wrered new fields for disabled men. if the training does Involve a separa- it Is considered that more than 50,000
umates of th tion. how about the wav, he'll fel disabled men left- arm v Tincntfaio
- k" l ' - wT IU1D
5nw that about 200,000 men who fIve ten, fifteen years from now? fore they could be told about the
served In the I What does a few months of absence board, the firurea7of thnso xxrhrt kt
- v i..ivcu uiO"J I " " uaic
BU"uies of surh a -hn.aflt. - mean comDared with' the comfort, rhp shown their intere--f
la. . 7 -"""- . ..... 7 f. . . "V
""6e uumner rvf tfiam .in Rtnhtiitv. tn seir-resrtert he win trot
v. wjii utrtru optrcifll i " " :
"-uauon or trnfnir. lh.l with his tralnine rv j
i h 'turn m m
And then, suppose he can get a Job LHSpUie AJVZT iflOUntaill
at good wages just as he Is? How
fcuvernment wants every dis- long can he noia it t sooner or later Tacoma and Seattle, away ud
and new cases come into the central
office In Washington and to the four
teen branch offices at the rate of
500 a day. There are about 6,000 men
to take the training, and efforts are
being made to get-disabled men to
. ... k i. .. . . t
On Or trnfnJnfr tr iuLAsfVllnl.
m ,n Civil life wherA thov TirWI ha
Pn f . J
un nr i. . i . ...
-"nii-,. t rill a a I v- tv-nn urii-k ana crnrkii r ann haaithtr 1 x. i a. ji ii
v ' a x 1 i r'2'i-tki uw v botti i 1 1 1 rr J. . n ill l. u iauu . i mil ri l m i runt I nn n -nst
man. to fit himself, by special he will have to face the competition Washington, and other communities
'e to Till at loact aa nBAini nf mpn who are strong and heaifhv. in thot iHMAtun i .
2 , - . no uoci u i i " 1 - j uuv u luut. u.xcvuuu, ni t; Having a
important a place as was his be- He can meet them on even terms wordy wrangle over what Is callerf tha
ne was disabled. The only way only if he has training. Sentiment, in great mountain that towers to the
u uu mat is thrn---rh Mfnin. i tha innc. run. aoesn t count mucn m
Tia .7 - I . 7
rnjre t ho rrn,T,. i . i matter' nf omninvmpnr I np an. I t 1
Vidprl 6'cwuucui uaa pro- i"c " oci uuwu ju iuc geugrapuy as AlOUnt
and g n add-tIon to insurance clent law of supply ana aemana nasn't Rainier, but the people of Tacoma call
mm , satlon Every man who is been repealed yet. it Mount Tacoma, and now there is a
" to compensation Is entitled to Experience has shown that in other considerable number of persons in this f $1 ro Af2Tw t n
And the federal board for countries where something of the same country who want it named after the SKvhST.S'i?
tional Annn. , L u i , -o , . . uniiorm ana forged checks in Buffalo.
-nona, education stands ready to plan being-carried out by the federal late Colonel Boose velt-they want It Ito -
Wat.he eets It If he wants it board has .been tried, the majority of called Mount Roosevelt. ' flnT nliiTl
he, , J?e .rub- wants it; if the men who train get better jobs than The name "Rainier" was given the that they got me for 1 had .hlT
2in take it.
and Cleveland. It was In Cleveland
those they had before they went into mountain by the Canadians, In honor Milwaukee.
--IC nfQ It. f a A . . I . . i TMifAdfliMitlAn hnn I . v. ixf.i. 9 . . .
a mnn "ril8 IDe inun- iee s!: TJ11 " .name wbo- vas tried, convicted and here I
colj. ecu ne may go to aiso, luai pwxcooxwu0 bhuh bu ameran viessei uuring the j am."
. uvtuui vi au aKrituiru- voiuuuuo . uciumuuuai war. i.uturuuy. ThP
IllOrrn r. a. . - II t 1 a.1 I . ... .'
He a school of medicine, abled man, proviaea ne uas me aouuy name is not especlallj; popular on this
can . -".v..
ho ,7 mvy ine course, no matter
costs u takes or how much it
uJLhlChe ?t In a shop
WhiiaK , J tu-iearn a trade ana paid
to fill them ana tne grit to prepare siae or tne border. The Indian
himself to handle them. The govern- called It 'Tacoma" the tribe Itself
ment is anxious to encourage mitia- bore the same name, which means sim-
tive and Individuality in every possiDie ply "the mountain." The Tacoma Tn.
way, and the disabled man wno snows dians were "the Mountain Indians."
Heda Seldom Quiet
ount Hecla, or Hekla. la n vnTrano
about 5iidn Dear the southwest coast
almost ei mgn which has been
tion Sin0nstantly In a state of erup
Christl ce the nInth century' of the
the most 7a 0ver 20 en-Ptlons of
Jlace at V ent character have taken
toWItai D' 100- 17845 an
werf 0phe t00k P-ace; rivr
n,.,. Veu P and many rlllaeea
ied-or destroyed. Tfce vol
cano was In a state of violent eruption
from September 2, 1845, to April, 184a
Pillars of fire rose to a height of 14,
000 feet and Ice and snow, which had
wrapped the mountain for centuries,
melted Into prodigious floods, which
swept everything before them.
Would Thin the fog.
Coal scarcity and the uncertainty ot
the supply-for the coming winter are
combining to turn the attention of . en
gineers to some system of smoke con
sumption which, while ; saving fuel.
will serve to cleanse London's murky
atmosphere.' To the present no prac
tical system that will come within the
purse of the average householder has
been devised, but experim&its along
that line are being , carried out by a
number of corporations. 7, -
London uses soft coal, in preference
to anthracite and within an hour aftei
6 o'clock in the morning, when Lon
don servants arise, the air is filler"
with long spirals of smoke from'count
less chimney pots. The sky soon U
over, schemed and planned and before hauling corn, potatoes, tomatoes, ap-
the end of the week I had made my de- pIes' strawberries or other crops In
large quantities. They desire quick
sales in large lots after they reach
the market so they can return to their
farma and , the. work of production.
Time to such growers is more valuable
than the difference between what they
get in wholesale quantities ;f Or their
products and what they might realize
by lingering long enough to retail
their load in small lots at higher than
Retail Market ,
Retail farmers' markets, on the other
hand, attract a group of producers who
raise a small amount of fruit or vege
tables as a. si.de line, and whose other
crops do no V demand as close atten
tion as those of the truck raiser. Often
a farmer who raises only a few vege
tables can, send them to a retail farm
ers' market in mixed lots, by a member
of his I family, who is able to remain
away from the farm long enough to
dispose! of these products to house
wives carrying market baskets.
The retail farmers' market depends
as much for Its success upon location
as on any other factor." It must be con
venient for the housewife, while a
wholesale farmers' market need not
be as centrally located, because dealers
have wagons or trucks with which to
gather their supplies. Farmers' whole
sale markets are an early morning in
stitutlon, starting business at ' day
break or even before, while a farmers'
retail market starts later and runs for
a longer time. This, of . course, may
make possible a mixed retail and
wholesale farmers' market; but In or
ganizing such a market it Is likely that
it will appeal to different groups of
farmers, and that it will, be necessary
to regulate the hours so there will be
no conflict between wholesale and re
tail business among the wagons, or
Too Much Expected.
Although retail farmers' markets
have been urged In many communities
as a means of reducing the cost of
living, too. much Is often expected of
them, according to men who have
studied , the problem, and who point
out that all locally raised produce,
especially the more staple crops, such
as potatoes, cabbage, onions And ap
ples, represent but a small amount of
the total of such products consumed
by city dwellers, the bulk of which
is shipped In from more distant sec
tions. Retail farmers' markets do
serve as an outlet for a certain amount
of local produce, varying with locali
ties, that might otherwise be left on
the farm, or , not produced by the
farmer who 4 depended upon other
sources of income than fruits and veg
etables. " 7 -;77r i-:'fN' .
; Any commnnity ' contemplating the
establishment of a farmers retail mar
should first make sure that there
"Yep, I'm the Bird You Read About"
clsion. I had a good story cooked up
and upon the advice of this newly made
acquaintance I decided . to Join the
navy. r . (
Says Station Was ''Easy."
"At Great Lakes they fell for my
story. They gave me a ten-day fur
lough so I could go' to Philadelphia
and claim the. fortune.
"At the end of my furlough I came
back and got an extension. ; Then I
cashed a bogus check at tie statinn
Two Kinds of Markets.
Different types of farmers'
markets attract different groups
The truck grower likes to haul
full loads and make quick sales
In large lots his time Is more
valuable on his farm than In
acting as his own salesman In
disposing of his load in small
quantities to the consumer. : '
' Retail farmers markets r ap-
peal to farmers who' raise fruit
and vegetables only as a side
line they, or members of their
families.' often can -mm--. h- i
time it takes to sell small lots ii
uirect to tne housewife. It
The location of the ' farmers- il
retail market Is important ' It
must be in a place easily reached 2
by large numbers of consumers, it
wiiuicaaiw auu retail if
markets may prove unsatisfac-l il
lOrV. UnlPRiSt hnnra ry anlUm IP
' " " " v oviuug CU S3
regulated so that there will be
no Conflict and dlfroronf
w - -wu v 54VUyV M k
of nrodnrftrsi -c-rin ha
to come In at different times'ac 3
cording to whether thev nail tn At
large or small lots.
PREFERS DEATH TO PARTING
Facing Separation, Ohio Woman Kills
Seven. Children and
Nelsonville, O. Several hours be
fore authorities were to remove them
to the, Athens county home seven
children, ranging in age from six
weeks 'to ten years, were found with
their mother, Mrs. , Tony Stavisar,
burned, to death er asphyxiated in
their home at Klmberly, a small min
ing town near here. .. . . V
The children were tied to their beds
and coal oil had 1 been sprinkled oyer
the room. ' -7 -
; It is, supposed that worry ever the"
separation caused tho mother to de
stroy herself and the children.
are in that community enough farmers
who are willing to haul their produce
to market and dispose of It In small
quantities direct to the consumer.
Co-operative Shipping Clubs.
Simplicity of organization and the
fact that no capital , is . required make
the co-operative shipping of live stock
peculiarly adapted to communities . la
which more complex forms of co
operation would be impracticable. Al
though not necessarily feasible In all
sections, especially those In which live
stock generally Is marketed in carload
lots, , or where there is Insufllcient
stock suitable for shipment to market,
or where the central markets are not
readily accessible, nevertheless there
are many communities in various parts
of the country which would be greatly;
benefited by such associations.
Wherever these associations hare
been, formed an appreciable saving te
the farmer has resulted. The profit
that formerly wen.t to the local ship
per now goes to the farmer, and he
has the satisfaction of knowing that
he will receive for his stock the actual
market price, less the cost of market
ing. Moreover, the activities of a coia
petent manager and the influence of
a successful association make for, a,
general Improvement in,, methods of
marketing live stock , and a better
knowledge of market prices, and con
ditions by farmers In the entire com
muhjty. The beneficial influence thus
exerted is of no less importance thaa
the. actual saving , to members on the
shipments , handled by the association,
Helter-Skelter Marketing. 1
In many cases animals . 'are killed :
and offered for sale regardless of mar
ket conditions. 'Frequently advantage
is taken of cool weather to kin ani
dispose of hogs, with the result that
the dressed carcasses must be sold oa
a glutted market and being a Der-
Ishable product must be disposed of
at any price obtainable. An example,
which is only one of many, was ob
served at a small town in IiOixisi&na
during the'winter of 1915-18, where
each time the weather became cooler
eight or ten dressed hogs were offered
for sale when there was a demand for
one or two. Such a method is, of
course, most unprofitable to the farri
er. A number of Instances have otv
curred in southern cities where dressed .
beef, ordinarily valued at 7 to 8 cents
a pound, was sold by farmers for 2 t
4 cents, and dressed hogs, valued ua-
aer ordinary conditions at 8 to 19
cents a; pound, sold for 2 to 3 Wjl
because of a temporary ovenmnniv
fresh meats in these towns. The farm
ers could have avoided these losses by .
flnding a market for their meat before'
slaughtering, by delaying slauehterte-i
until market conditions were Improved. :
or by selling the animals alive ens-'