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JUNIOR EXHIBIT POLK COUNTY
Columbus, N. C. Oct. 10, The prize
school exhibit in agriculture and
home economics was made by the
newly consolidated district of Lynn.
An elaborately designed banner ar
rived just in time for the fair. Tnis
school took more than twenty prizes.
Columbus school made an exhibit
of primary work together with many
individual exhibits shown by pupils.
Saluda Seminary sent an exhibit of
composition books in , English and
Interest centered in the display of
twenty two varieties of native grasses
collected by Bob Jack Hamilton, the
loaf of bread shown by Virginia bhore
and thecrullers made by Ida Carne
gie. vAylene Edwards capured the
State prize for the best boys or girl's
garden, showing twelve varieties of
vegetables. Fay Randall exhibited a
. map of Polk County in colors. .
Several excellent exhioits of jelly
and preserves which received the red
ribbon would have received a blue
ribbon if the required written report
had been sent. Mrs. Henley, state de
monstration agent, in judging the ex
hibit gave special instruction to the
girls and their mothers in canning,
jellymaking bread; making and the
arrangement of cut flowers. ,
The latest music hits were present
ed through Edison amberoll records.
Ice cream was sold by the ladies of
jthe Columbus Betterment Association.
Prize winners are listed below;
GARDEN. Pop corn, Grace Ham
ilton; tomatoes, Aylene vdwards;
Ruby Nance; onion, Allen Randall;
sweet peppers, Alice Johnson; carroty,
Ruth Nance; red peppers, Grace Ham
FARM SHOP. Halter, Claude
Fisher; bird trap, Fred Metcalf ; dum
my gun, Bob Jack Hamilton.
FREE HAND DRAWING. Lynn
district, Grace Panther; Polk County,
Fay Randal Lynn school, Rache
Capps, Clyde Metcalf.
which those stimulated may brinr?
their thinking. to a keener edge, and
as critics by whose help young people
may develope their ability to reason
accurately and well.
The purpose and function of in
struction in our , schools v should be
changed from the mere memoriza
tion of facts, to that of fitting pupils
for personal responsibilities: from
that of accumulating information, to
to that of training young people to
stand on their own feet; from that of
transmitting to them the inherited
knowledge of the past, to that of
preparing them for social industrial
efficiency in the life of tomorrow.
The above are some of the problems
that must be solved in Polk County
by the intelligent cooperation of all
ourjeducational forces. In order that
we may be better able to effectively
grapple with these momentous ques
tions pertaining to our educational
life is the purpose of the special edu
cational gathering called to meet at
Columbus, Saturday November 8th.
E. W. S. COBB, County Supt.
PROSPERITY IN GOOD ROADS
, . -. ' ..
Jtutur Development' of Country Must
Begin With improved Highways
to Relieve Congestion.
TRAVELED BY DEVIOUS WAYS
Correspondent Experienced Acute Die
comfort While on a Journey
Through the Holy Land.
NATURE STUDY. Class A: Grace
Waldrop; fern in hanging basket,
Eunice Cloud: grasses, Bob Jack
Hamilton;. Class B : bouquet, Grace
DOMESTIC ART. Class A: knit
sweater, Ollie Shore, Dororthy Ed
wards; crochet yolk, Eunice Cloud;
crochet library set, Grace Panther;
y Class B:-patch in striped material,
Ina Cochran, Margaret Covel; knit
wristlets, Hilda Burgess; crochet cap,
Orletta Landis; crochet center piece,
Lula Edwards; hemstitched tiander
chief, Grace Hamilton.
RED CROSS. Soldiers comfort
bag, Eunice Cloud.
DOMESTIC SCIENCE. Class A;
wheat bread, Ollie Virginia Shore;
apple jelly, Eunice Cloud, Reba Hen
drix; peaches, Richard Newman; beet
pickles, Fred Metcalf; cucumber
pickles, Nellie Metcalf; blackberry
. jelly Eunice Cloud. Class B: crul
lers, Ida Carnegie; watermelon rind,
Grace Hamilton; peaches, Bonnie
Howard; pear preserves Flora Lane;
peach pickles, Eloise Foster: black
berries, Eloise Foster; apple jelly,
Leona Feagan; blackberry jelly Leona
Feagan; plum jelly, Grace Hamilton.
EDUCATION LETTER NO C.
Entirely different conception as" to
the nature and purpose of education
underlie the developmental type 6f
course of study. Instead of beine-
fixed and finished nroducts. this tvnp
icuiams living ana developing thigs.
Instead of facts r being conceived as
important in themselves, they are re
garded as of no real importance until
they have been put to use. Knowl
edge is conceived of as life experience
and inner conviction, and not as the
memorization of the accumulated
knowledge of the past as a tool to do
something with, and not as a finished
product in itsef. The whole concep
tion at the school is, in consequence
changed from that of a place- where
children prepare for life, by tearing
certain- traditional things, to a place
where chidren live, and are daily
brought into contact with such real
life experiences as will best prepare
them for the harder problems of life
which lie ust ahead. The children of
the community who present them
selves for education, and not the more
or less traditional subject-matter of
instruction, are regarded as the real
The teachers in a school system
where the courses of instruction have
been worked out on the basis of the
above named educational conceptions,
naturally occupy quite a different
position from that of teachers in edu
cational systems which follow the old
formal type of courses of study. It
now becomes the business of every
one connected with the public schools
to think over and study the problems
of instruction, with a view to adapt
ing and adjusting the school work to
theneeds and capacities of the pupils
to be instructed. The chief purpose of
the school teachers, in so far as their
work relates to instruction, is that of
acting, as stimuli to thinking over the
problems f t hand, as whetstones upon
It Is eight or nine miles, as I esti
mate, from the Euphrates to Constan
tinople, if one follows the course of
the Bagdad railroad, whose track is
laid a part of the way where the feet
of the "ten thousand" had marched.
where St. Paul had tramped In his
first and second missionary journeys,
and where Godfrey of Bouillon, Tan
cred, Baldwin, Raymond and Bohe
mond had passed, and Frederick the
First had perished.
In my anabasis (If I may give my
lonely expedition a name so ambitious
and yet so contemned- by many a
youth) from the Euphrates toward
Constantinople I had to make a cir
cuitous journey, as did St. Paul froi
Damascus, writes John H. FInley ii
July Scrlbner's. I went first froj
Aleppo to Damascus, then to Jeru
salem, then to Haifa (near old
Caesarea where St. Paul took ship),
and then by sea to Beirut and Herina,
on the coast of Asia Minor, a few
miles from St. Paul's "home town
Tarsus, which was also the same town
as that toward which Jonah sailed
from Jaffa, when evading the call to
Nineveh. But the reader would, I
fear, find this an uncomfortable and
perhaps a tiresome trip, even to read
of, for I traveled most of the way in
freight cars (of the type known to our
soldiers In France, accommodating
"forty-five honimes or eight chevaux")
on a trawler (which was absolutely
the most uncomfortable means of
transportation that I had ever en
dured) and on a British destroyer"
which might very fitly have borne St
Paul's name before he changed it. In
the days when he was 'breathing out
threatenings and slaughter."
There is a shorter and less Indirect
way, for, speaking generally, there Is
no direct way from one place to an
other in that part of the world. -Thig
is probably the reason why the street
In Damascus called "Straight" got .Its
There are today some 2,500,000 miles
of rural roads In the United States, Of
this amount perhaps 12 per cent could
be classified as improved, while only
about one-fourth of one per cent can
be said to be suitable for the carriage
of heavy-duty motortrucks. And in the
face of this condition it can be said
without chance of contradiction that
tm? future development of the United
States rests 'upon the roads.
The past few years have witnessed
a tremendous turnover In transporta
tion from the railway to the highway,
says Roy D. Chapin, former chairman
of the highways transport committee
of the council of national' defense.
The congestion which. prevailed during
the war made necessary the commer
cial utilization of the highway to an
extent thought Impossible a scant few
The motortruck, little known be
fore the war, sprang into prominence
as a commercially practical form of
transportation, and while the fighting
has ceased the need for the motor
truck remains with us, more insistent
than everbefore, . . -
Within certain limitations the
freight car of the highway Js more
efficient than the rail carrier, and be
cause of it it may be taken as a per
manent form of transportation and one
destined to have a large influence on
the movements of trade in the future.
- The hour has struck when the fast
moving efficient motor vehicle of com
merce must replace the horse and the
costly terminal charges which prevail
upon the short-haul branches of the
rail lines. Already the motortruck
has become a "feeder to the railroad ;
shortly it Is destined to aid enormous
ly to the profitable long hauls, while
entirely or very nearly so eliminating
the unprofitable spurs.
Railroad men generally recognize
the new movement and welcome it
Street railway men, not so keenly
alert to its possibilities as a feeder to
their lines, have yet to take the full
est advantage of the opportunities
which It presents.
But back of the motortruck rests
the road. While the highway as such
is of little interest to those outside of
the engineering field, as a means for
transportation It becomes of vital im
portance to every citizen of the United
States, whether he be in profession or
trade, a minister, a merchant, a doc
for. High and low, rich and poor, the
toad comes into contact with all of us
and upon its relative efficiency de
pends to a greater extent than most ol
A Catapaigmi for
The Purpose of this Particular Message, is to Enrnll v.,
Our Regular Customer.. ' nmi You as one fif
Either by Personal purchases in our store or throuarr ,
of our a Ule chan
EFFICIENT MAIL ORDER SERVICE
This Store To-day holds' a Unique Place in the Shopping Av
this State We excell by way of w g Avenue 0f
Service. High Class Merchandise.
Reliability and Variety of Stocks
We grow each Month and Year in Volume of Business anrt p
But we never grovr to large to Give Minute Attention to the Sm,i
lest Transaction and we never fail to exert every effort to kJ"
every Customer satisfy
We Want You To Be Amongst our Thousands of Loyal Paw
We .Want You To Write to us for Information and to give uf I
Trail Order During this Season 8 us A
Our Stocks of Autumn and Winter Apparels, Yard Goods and
Accessories are now complete
We are going to mail at regular intervals 'Bon Marche Bulletins" Pwn
special and regular Items that our Stocks affords throughout the sS
Can we enlist you as being: interested in these and mail you one? If so S
your name and address at once. "soman
.- - . ;
5 ww -i mm
Land for National Forests.
The national forest reservation com
mission has just approved for pnr-
chase 48,581 acres of land for national
forests In the White, mountains, South
ern Appalachians arid Arkansas.
The largest tracts are in the White
roll atrd Grafton counties, New lamp-
shire, and 1,220 acres In Oxford coun
ty, Maine, were approved for purchase
at an average price of $7.15 per acre.
These lands include the scenic peaks
of Mount Chocoruii and Mount Pau
gus, mzch visited by tourists and
made accessible byi trails maintained
by the Chocorua club.
China's Water Transportation.
On the rivers, streams or canals of
China transportation and postal facili
ties depen-i on the snmpans.- Women.
as well as men, operate hem all day
and the prehensile foot renders their
task much easier. Every Chinese nost-
man, lyin on his boat, steeds with his
hands and rows with hrs toes. He
holds the oar strongly between the
great toe and the others and itIvps n
vigorous motion to Ithe boat hv th
powerful action of thb lec: muscles.
Truth About Cat's Evea.
A cat can see better in th dnov
han can a human beinir bpmnssn th
cat's eyes ar sensitive to ultra-violet
rays. Its pupils are capable of srent-
er expansion than those of man's or
or almost any other animal, thus ad
mitting more iieht. Tbp mit n f
whiskers for feelers in the dark. Its
sure-footcdneps Is a greet help to it.
So it gets along better In the dark
than most animals. The belief Hint !
can see by nght with the same de-
giee or clearness as by day Is, how
Strong Family Resemblance.1
'am a mighty thing; de only trou
ble 'bout it is It's kin' o' hahd to 'stln
gulsh from Jes plain laziness." Bos
Motortruck Used to Haul Farm
Produce to Market.
-as dream the ultimate cost of all that
wo eat, wear, have.
"No one knows how much the coun
try pays. for cartage." said William a
Kedfleld, secretary of commerce, re
cently, "but anyone who looks Into
the question Is pretty sure to find out
that the figures are larger than he
thought it could be.
Yet cartage Is but one phase of road
costs. Poor roads mean Isolation,
which in turn mean fewer possibil
ities xor education, fewer opportuni
ties for wealth, lower real estate val
uations as well as increased costs of
supplies, r Every sound, fundamental
economic reason speaks out for the
durable road, just as it protests against
the poor, Inadequately constructed
Despite these facts, which will be
verified by all who have studied the
question, despite the fact that thA nfR
cial government figures placed the
hauling over the highways at 2,000 -000,000
ton-miles in 1917, our roads are
today all that they should not be
They are inefficient, inadequate, antiquated.
I will be at the following places on'dates below for col
lection of taxes for year. 1
GREENS CREEK, AboFcne, Thursday, Oct. 30
s GREENS CREEK, Branscom's Store, Eriday, Oct. 31
WHITE OAK, Pea Ridge, Saturday, Nov. 1
COLUMBUS, Court House, Monday Nov. 3
SALUDA, Saluda, -Tuesday Nov. 4
TRYON, Tryon, Wednesday Nov. 5
COOPER GAP, Jachsons Mill Thursday Nov. 6
r COOPER GAP, P. D. Williams Eriday Nov. 7
To save both yourself and m. trouble meet me on these dates l
pay your taxes. I must make settlement soon and must collect.
, Only Action Tht Counts.
VI am', pot no time," said Uncle
Eben, "to listen to de man dat tells
me I ain't appreciated, unless he kin
retteoXrd hIsowuself ' gimme a
IMPROVE TO SAVE HAULING
Hardening 8urface, Reducing Grad6 or
ononcning Distance Brings Farm
Nearer to Town.
The test of a wagon road Is the
amount of work that can be done on
it wunopt injury thereco, that is the
time and labor require in hauling over
t. aujt improvement, whether in hard
enlng itsrsurface, easing its grade, or
shortening the distance, reduces the
lS.eva?d e"ort of setUug to market
4 wuupme xaria nearer to town.
For the TeachT.
H ,No one Is too young or too old to be
Impressed with the fact that ohPdience
to. the. )aw life. Show Its rewards
and its test of disclpleshlp. When one
wills to obey, he throws into gear m"
chinery the like of which is not known
anywhere else on earth.
t "Opportunities," said Uncle Eben "is
Ike race bosses. Dar's alius plenty of
era. De success of de trick depends
TTV Fish Eat Other Fish. "
When a codfish eats it takes. an oys
ter in its mouth, cracks the shell, di
gests the meat and, ejects the shell.
.Crabs crack the shells of their smaller
neighbors and suck out the meat. This
accoxints for the mounds of shells
which are found beneath the waves.
And as further illustrating the con
stant destruction going on in the
ocean s depth, it is said that if a ship
Jinks at sea it will be eateir1)y the
nshwith the exception of its metal
portions, ' ,
"" Very Old Banknote.
The-longest time during wnK
note has remained outside the
of England Is 111 years. It was one
25, and it is computed that the cu
pound interest during that long Pe
omonntod tn nn loss hon
First U. S. Stamps.
Stamps were Issued by PTL
as "early as 1845, but the first o
United States stamps were issn
1847, . -r "