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POLK COUNTY NEWS, TBYOIT, ITQRTH OAROLUTA
' ,; -I'i""
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Purchase Price, $7,200,000
"The anxiety of some people to make
new friends 'is So ' intense that they
neer hav time to have old ones."
HOT SOUPS FOR COOL EVENINGS.
The summer no sweeter was ever;
The sunshiny woods all atnrill;
The grayling aleap in the river,
The bighorn asleep on the hlli.
"The strong life thfLt never knows harness.
The wilds where the caribou call;
"The freshness, the freedom, the farness
O God! how I'm stuck on it all.
The Spell of the Yukon (Service).
.HE house of representatives the other
day passed an amendment to the goT
ernment Alaskan railroad act by
which the additional sum of t$17,000,
000 was appropriated for the comple- ,
tion of the road by December 31, 1922.
The debate was presumably more or
less tinged with partisan politics.
Leaving out the politics many inter
esting facts of value were brought
out concerning Alaska Land of the
Midnight Sun which has proved a
veritable treasure trove to the United
States and Is only at the beginning
SodC Ms -development. Some of these facts are here
.33ea, with credit to the various representatives.
lEr, Curry of California. Mr. Chairpan, in 1867
"tq&ksx Alaska was purchased through, the efforts
'Secretary of State Seward from Russia for
.'$2300,000, which was less than 2 cents an acre.
t5S European nations poked fun at the United
SfcEtes, and the papers of the United States rldi
5s2d Secretary Seward and referred to Alaska as
'ainellmate of the most of Alaska is better than
Gfeft of Scandinavia and New Foundland. Vege
rtts&Ies and cereals can be and are raised there,
4ad it Is the richest undeveloped mineral section
drzvm .tlie face of the earth.
'JTRsne has Justified Seward's purchase of Alaska
f Star the United States. Since 1869 Alaska has pro-
(GarxA over $840,000,000 worth of wealth ; $300.-
of that from her fisheries, most of the
ijKift. from her mines and "from her furs. In the
esaxxe time Alaska has bought from the United
. 33ses $400,000,000 worth of property. It has done
rsjQast ttnder existing law that practically ties up the "
treacrarces of Alaska and prohibits them from being
2a 1914 under these conditions, knowing that
ifiZasfca should be developed and that a railroad
. tsaald not and would not be built by private enter
r ifcfee, the congress of ' the United States enacted
.-.aaCaw authorizing the president to construct a rail
- rasas! -or railroads in Alaska, not to exceed 1,000
miles In length, and authorized the expenditure
Hfcy Mm of $35,000,000 for that purpose. The presi
e&eax placed the construction of the road under the
-crustrol of the secretary of the interior, and he in
tiaam organized what is known as the Alaskan
axsaeerlng commission to take practical charge of
" tBe work.
TSse original authorization of $35,000,000 would
' IIbbw constructed this road under ordinary condi
"CBaKiss and circumstances, but the war came along,
rweges Increased 59 per cent, the cost of material
J&acreased up to 161 per cent and transportation up
tt 147 per cent. Under those circumstances the
-353000,000 is not sufficient to complete the work.
Is, therefore, absolutely necessary, unless we
visi to sacrifice the $35,000,000 already Invested,
tfisat this $17,000,000 authorization be allowed.
TOie road, when completed, will be 601 miles In
vBasngtli. The main line, from Seward to Fairbanks,
-Twas be 471 miles in" length. The spurs and branches
saxsl Ide lines will make up the 601 miles. All of
tttaTOad has been completed, with the exception
some" work to be done to complete the 'first 71
v raffles from Seward north and a gap of 100 miles
;.ans5 another small gap of 25 miles. Most of the
TB3mIle gap has -been surveted and some of the
T-omrcSbed has been made. .
3Sw road started from Seward on the southern
Qn&at of Alaska, and went to Anchorage. Part of
fQnt road 71 miles had been constructed. From
JSiatKfiorage over to the northern ' terminal of the
trwa. Fairbanks is located on the Tanana river.
Taxis Tanana river Js a branch of the Yukon riverr
cd5 the Yukon river and the Tanana river are
tnaBslgable for 2,000 miles. The Alaskan railroad
owsmission commenced building from the south
caa point north. They brought the material to'
aSeward and Anchorage, and they commenced to
'ffiteSEl from the northern terminal south, so that
tB&egr .could save time and save money.
Tfee road already reaches to the coal fields.
nS-Mre the 1,202 square miles of coal fields in
iiau&a that have been explored and experted by
t!Eaeeoast and geodetic survey, the geological sur
tid by the Alaskan engineering commission
ESasct is all on the line of this road. It Is estimated
Sbxt there are 30,000,000,000 tons of coal that will
-peiied to commerce by this road, and lb 000
iXmjm tons of It will be high-grade coal which
sm&i$L te used for coking and smelting ore, and
Ei2i!rarposes, and the rest of it for fuel and' mat
srsrf that kind. In Alaska it has been estimated
ttfcast there are 150,000,000,000 tons of coal. No
sawraon knows how much there Is. ,
XMx. Strong of Kansas. There has been discov
ms&m Alaska' not only gold, but sliver, copper
-Kc2.Tead, Iron, antimony, tungsten and platinum
na -Sarge quantities. In addition, there has been
Stewjvered large fields of oil. It has splendid agrl
sxaiaral advantages. It Is estimated that It has
svsr 100,000 square miles of tillable land. It has
iiKrw1ng season of 100 days, and because of the
T trvj? t III- ....... imMmmm , .. II
- Ji ii.l.Mar' mil . i i ni
great length of the days, that growing season Is
worth about 200 of our days. So that they are
enabled to grow crops suitable to take care of a
large population and take care of the stock that
they may produce. The crops are wheat, oats,
rye, barley, hay, and they have produced an alfalfa
which makes a good crop. Its vast forests of tim
ber suitable for paper pulp are awaiting a ready
market, while its fisheries are the greatest on this
Mi. Miller of Washington. I have been over
nearly all of Alaska. I have gone into the hills
with my pack on my back. I have teamed what
few provisions I had , 200 or 300 miles with a dog
team out to my digglns. The greatest copper
mines on the face of the earth are within the
territory of Alaska. You know how we searched
the world for metals during the war. We have 99
per cent of them In Alaska. They are there await .
Ing the hand that will develop them.
Something has been said here of. the reindeer
situation. There is no prettier sight In the world
than to see a thousand head of reindeer grazing
on a mountain side. The Aleutian islands are full
of them. There are 150,000 or 160,000 reindeer in
Alaska. They are a godsend to the natives. They ,
go out with their little herds. An Indian or an
Eskimo may not have, over 25 or 30 reindeer, but
he herds them as a careful husbandman takes care
of his little flock of sheep. Incidentally they are
cleaning out the wolves and lynxes and ,the-other
predatory animals that Infest the country. The
reindeer support the natives. And I truly believe
that with the-great grazing lands that there are in
Alaska, the future development of the reindeer
as a substantial source of meat supply for our
country is one of the most promising that we have
Now, the climate there is not bad. Over In the
interior, in the Yukon valley, the atmosphere is"
dry. and with the temperature 25 degrees below
zero4you can wear an ordinary hat all day long
and your ears will not get cold. When you go out
to the coast you get the moisture. Going away
from the coast into the Yukon valley you go
over a 'mountain chain some 4,000 feet high; and
when you get over that chain you are in the 'great
arctic slope. I have come out of that valley with
the thermometer 42 degrees below zero, where I
could stay out doors all day without discomfort,
and have dropped over that mountain chain only
30 miles: and come out to the coast where the
thermometer was 8 degrees below zero and have
nearly perished with the cold. The Interior is a
cold, dry climate. Animals can forage all winter
In the interior country.
It would surprise some of you to know that in
that country the ground is eternally , frozen. No
one has ever dug through the frost, and they have
been down a thousand feet. ' '
The fields of barley and rye and wheat are
grown on the top of ground that is frozen for a
thousand feet beneath. It thaws on the surface
in the summer time. It gets very warm. There
Is daylight 16, 18 and 24 hours in the day, and
crops mature quickly. f They come right up over
night. Of course, in the winter the nights are long
and dark and cold, but the. summer seasons are de
lightful. The thermometer goes up to 80, 00 and
95 in summer, but In the winter it becomes exceed
ingly cold. The coldest weather I ever saw in the
Yukon valley was 68 degrees below zero. That ts
cold weather, and it Is dangerous weather; but as
you ; go down the Yukon river, and perhaps 500
miles from the mouth, there is a Catholic mission
the Holy Cross mission. There is one of the most
beautiful apple orchards" I have ever seen, perhaps
80 acres of the most beautiful young apple trees
just coming into bearing. And grazing over broad
acres of clover was one of the finest herds of Jer-!
sey cattle I have ever seen. All that in a land that
is frozen. It is a queer country. Every rule of the
geologists is reversed when you get to Alaska.
And I tell you,, gentlemen, just as sure as God.
the future will unfold for Alaska and the Amerl-'
can people the wealthiest possession held by any
nation In the world. Mineral, agriculture, fish
eries, stock raising every thing for future ( develop- a sieve, thicken with two tablespoon
The expert soup-maker . will obtain
delicious ."'flavors by .using leftover
meats and vege
tables. After ccok
ing the soup should
be, strained and
thickened as usual
with a binding of
butter and flour
Take about four teaspoonfuls of fat
salt pork cubes and try them out ;
add one sliced onion and cook five min
utes, stirring, often to keep the onion
from burning. Parboil four cupfuls
of potato slices ip water to cover,
drain and add the" potatoes to the fat
and onion, with two cupfuls of boiling
water; cook until the potatoes are
soft, add a can of -corn, a quart of
milk, salt, pepper and buttered crack
ers. Serve with the buttered crackers
on top. This recipe will serve six.
Cream Soup. Put thin slices of
bread as thin as shavings with a small
amount of butter in a saucepan and
brown; pour over enough boiling wa
ter to make the soup needed, add salt
to taste and let the mixture boil up ;
then remove the saucepan and stir
In a large cupful of cream, the thick
er the better. Be sure to have It well
salted or the soup will taste flat. !
Cream of Peanut Soup. Put a cup
ful of peanut batter into a quart of
milk, add . salt, cayenne, a tablespoon
ful of grated onion, a bay leaf, celery
salt, and cook ten minutes in a double
boiler. Moisten a tablespoonful of
cornstarch with cold milk and stir
until smooth, add to the soup and
cook ten minutes. Strain and serve
with cubes of toasted bread.
Quick Egg Soup. Stir a teaspoon-
ful of beef extract into a quart of boil
ing water, add a grated onion, celery
salt, salt and. pepper to taste. Pour
boiling hot Into a tureen with four
tablespoonfuls of boiled rice and two
well beaten eggs.
Split Pea Soup Pick oyer, wash
and put to soak In plenty of cold wa
ter one cupful of split peas. In the
morning cook in two quarts of water,
add a two-Inch cube of salt pork and
one sliced onion. Cook and stir often
until the peas are soft, rub through
The boys of Tn H
"STOOP fol!,Wm '""nUto ,
o-ciock , hki, Is
each hea.1,.,1 by !fiSCo
started out from oL Clas
" !lri his for
One of the conditio '
T- that thw Indians
luace io camn t
xuuuu oy a scouting
The fleeing -1
camp site and
one of the cun'r.
ment. It Is the golden land of promise for the
coming generation. All they want Is your help.
Come and help them. Let us have 250,000 people
None of the speakers mentioned Mount Mc
Kinley. It will be noted that the small map sug
gesting the general course of the Alaskan railroad
shows Mount McKInley. This great peak, with a
surrounding area of 2,200 square miles, is now
Mount McKlnley National park. The government
railroad runs close to one corner of the peak and
will make It accessible.
Mount McKlnley National park lies approxi
mately in the center of Alaska: In the midst of
the vast wilderness to the south of the Yukon and
'to the west of the Tanana. Here the Alaskan
ranee, which forms a line of snow-capped sum
mits 200 miles long, culminates in several gigantic
peaks, the highest of which Mount McKlnley
towering 20,300 feet, is the highest mountain In
the world above the line of perpetual snow, and
one of the most Impressive mountains of the
earth. Seen from an altitude of 1,800 feet. Mount
McKlnley is stupendous; travelers say that there
fuls of flour and butter, add milk to
thin the puree to the desired consist
ency. Season well and serve very hot.
Ordinarily we find in people the
qualities we are mostly looking for or
the qualities that our' prevailing char)
acteristlcs call forth. The larger the
nature the less critical and cynical
it is. the more it is given to looking
for the best in others. Trine, v
Cheese naturally suggests Itself as a
'rabstltute for meat, since it Is rich in
the same kind of
meat supplies ; It Is
also a food which
Is staple and may
be used in a varie
ty of ways.
is nothing like it. even among the higher Andes or Split hot baked potatoes .lengthwise.
The park area Is in scenic keeping with forests,
glaciers, lakes, strearps and lofty peaks. So from
a scenic viewpoint the new McKinley National
park takes place in the front rank of our 17 na
Mount McKinley Is a natural big game refuge.
It is the fountain-head of the big game supply
south of the Yukon and west of the Tanana. It is
the center of a region where big game abounds.
Here can still be seen the wild game living in
security, protected by the remoteness and rugged-
ness of the region. Great moose stalk through the
valleys about timber line. Herds of caribou feed
on the moss-covered hills. Bands of bighorns
browse on the high mountain slopes. The grizzly,
monarch of the American wilderness, gives the
remove contents without injuring the
skin of the potato. Mash the potato,
add seasoning and enough hot milk
and butter to season well; beat until
light, then refill the skin, pilinglt up
lightly ; do not smooth the top. Sprin
kle with grated cheese and reheat in
oven until cheese is melted and a
Rice Baked With Cheese. Cook a
cupful of rice in a large amount of
boiling water, at least three quarts,
adding a teaspoonful of salt. When
tender drain and cover' the bottom of
a buttered baking dish with a layer of
the rice; sprinkle with grated cheese,
a dash of cayenne pepper and add
ui. an wno m ehti,.- l
that way. Then they ZTH
the day's rc.quirementl!?,e,
iCfeuiai xuuian nre was built. !
that the Indians hnn N
place which they selected
iuuii'i uui muM stay there
During the day one
passed within 25 feet of fttiS
pa mn orA a. i .
their fire, bnt so intent w
..a., iU Alum ui mem audi J
uiu uui aee me inaians."
ALL SCOUTS KNOW THE)
crowning touch to this picture of a wild game milk to half fill the dlshj cover with
But already Is this big game paradise menaced.
The prospector, miner and market hunter are
closing in. The white man's civilization is draw
ing near. Already sledloads of wild game reach
the Fairbanks market. With the completion of
the government railroad New York will be .but
three weeks away. Our national expansion has
always carried with it evils as well as good.
Fires- have swept away forests; dynamite and
filtb have killed off the fish ; a leaden hail has
-exterminated the wild life. "Remember the buf
When this day comes the big game Of the region
will naturally gravitate to Mount McKlnley. And
there It will find sanctuary in the national park.
So, aside from its scenic magnificence, the creation
of Mount McKinley National park Is well worth
while as a game preserve. r "
On the other hand,. so remote Is thls-vast wilder
ness that the act contains a concession to the pros
pector and the miner . in the matter of killing
game for f ooa. i ne act establishes the park as a
game refuge and provides a heavy punishment 'for
the killing of game. There is, however, this ipro-
' vlso: r ) , . . -; '-:
tiflmm-m-tAfA T'V CI ' nAOTA 4 A mm . 1 .
nuviucu, j-uui. yuMiictima uuu miners en
gaged In prospecting or mining in said park mnr
take and kill there so much game or birds as may
be needed for their actual necessities when short
of food; but in no case shall animals or birds be
killed in said park for sale or removal therefrom
or wantonly. s .
It is obvious that Inasmuch as the passing of the
pars aci aoes not moaity or affect the mineral land
laws now applicable to the area and heno dnh
not exclude prospectors and miners, it would not
uo xo promou me Kiuing or game for food by them
m cane ui ueeessiiy.
crumbs and bake until the milk Is ab
sorbed and crumbs brown.
Pittsburgh Potatoes. Cook one
quart of diced potato cubes with a
small, minced onion until the potatoes
are nearly tender; add a teaspoonful
of salt and half a can of minced red
peppers and cook until the potatoes
are done. Drain-and put into a baking
dish, f Make a sauce of two table-
spoonfuls of butter and flour, one tea
spoonful of salt apd a pint of milk,
then add one-half pound of crated
cheese. . Pour this over, the potatoes
and bake until a golden brown.
Baked Fish with Piquant Stuffing -
Bass or any firm-fleshed fish of moder
ate size may be used for baking. If
the fish lacks fat Insert strips of pork
In gashes along each side of the fisb.
Baked Eggs With Cheese. Break
four eggs Into a buttered baking dish
nd cook In a hot oven until they be
gin to turn white around the edge.
Cover the eggs with a white sauce and
over this a cupful of cheese and bread
crumbs well mixed. Season and brown
the crumbs In a hot oven. ,
Egg shells should be carefully scrap
ed out with a teaspoons someone who
ha a tried It says that the bulk of one
egg Is saved in the scraping of a dozen
shells, and with eggs worth four or
five cents apiece, It is worth while.
When He Can Put the Riflht
on Anything He is Preparing far I
Future as a Grown-Up.
SCOUTS HAVE A MODEL COV
Glen Everman, commenting
bie scout encampment at
Tex., said some fine things
scouts who attended tms
"We had a uniform going-j
getting-uP timeas weUasre
ing and .drilling hours. T m J
flhf HHne the entire h
x -narv ad behaveo
like a man. We had M
New Mexico, Arizona, CaliJ
ants. The son of amnion
son of a very poor man bog J
same tent. The .A
camping party tipped the y
j many 01 1 .
Weighed oetween 65 d
. 4he entire encampmen J
Hev0 the most success i .
In the Southwest.
,RVIN COBB A SCOUT OV
So far as can be ascert J
Cobb, the world-fa- f
ror-pntlv became an on f
scout council in We,
New York, has not tf
answer to the ffi5 to A
the New Tele d
er he would JJt&f
ance in the &tr
ers which form so di lD
every boy scoutf
On leaving Halifa. -
f Wales sent back 1
which he said- ca.J
a hnv SCOUtS OD
F tttv thP SCOUtS . tO
,e.rned that J- 5
f tt 1 1 r
o "Welcome W
n Al I I II. ' M T
Of its return,..? - pIas
.hiftfi their me j"
to it that they
the beys came bome.