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POLK COUNTY HEWS, TBYON, NORTH CAROLINA
' News Notes Prom Washington.
LOCKOUT IN SPENCER OFFICE
Washington.- (Special), v District
Southern Railway Clerks! Discharged
Because They Refuse to Punch a
Time Clock Recently Installed.
DECLARES THAT THE TROUBLE
WITH AMERICA TODAY IS
"LAW RUN MAD."
PROBLEMS OF HUMAN RIGHTS
Is Pleasingly Presented to the Audi
ence by Santford Martin, Secre
tary of Governor Bickett.
Declaring that the trouble with
America today is "law run mad." Hon.
Thorhas R. Marshall, vice president of
the United States, told a Raleigh audi
ence in the City t.uditorium that his
faith in the perpetuity of the republic
rests largely upon the South, free from
the problems that confront the other
.sections of the nation.
The vice president spoke under the
auspices of the Loyal Order of Moose.
Mr. Santford Martin, private secre
tary of Governor Dickeit. presented
the speaker of the evening as a man
Ken times", more popular in North
Carolina than the body over which
he presides." )
', Mr. Martin had other highly compli
mentary thing3 to say about Mr. Mar
shall, all of which the vice president
admitted were pleasing, even if he did
not think they were so.
He started Immediate! in his droll,
philosophical way with a discussion
of the problems 'of human rights, in
sisting that the tioi-j has r.ome for
men to cease talking s. muer. .a); .ut
their rights and La rnorv attention.
"Men have gotten into the habit,"
he said, "of inquiring of lawyers how
far they can go in this or that line of
conduct, , scraping the penitentiary
doors but not getting in."
But the speaker was. not pessimis
tic. He voiced his faith In the Divine
guidance that will lead the country out
of all the turmoil and evil that may
Connor on Profiteers.
"In so far as it may be done.
the profiteer, the speculator, the ex--tortioner
should be controlled and
-suppressed . by penalties and punish
rxnent, but I think he will soon be with
out occupation if all of us will devote
our minds and energies to increasing
production and decreasing extrava
gance." rriv - l m t i
iub auuve is iron juuge nenry vx.
-Connor's charge to the federal grand
Jury at the opening of court here for
tthe trial of hundreds of cases.
Placing Labor Applicants.
Outvpf 145 registrations with the
United States Employment Service in
North Carolina last week there were
123 placements or a percentage of 84,
according to figures available.
The placements included 52 skilled,
59 unskilled, 9 clerical and profession
al and 3 domestic.
135,000 Auto Plates.
The automobile tags to be used in
North Carolina next year will cost $11,
250. The. secretary of, state -awarded
the contract to the Western Plate com
pany for 135,000 plates at eight and
a third cents each. ;
Buy Blankets at Cost.
Sale of navy blankets at cost prices
has been authorized by Secretary
Daniels as a result cf numerous re
quests from all parts of the country.
Thousands of these woolen blankets,
not the ordinary so-called wool blan
kets but genuine all-wool, absolutely
new and in original packages, will be
offered at prices below the present
average manufacturing cost and at ap
proximately one-half the ordinary re
tail price, the department announces.
' Nfrth Carolina Made SUgar.
A little capital, a little push, and
come labor is all that is needed to
make the sugar maple trees of west
ern North Carolina yield on a conser
vative estimate, three and three-quarters
million pounds of sugar annually.
Work and Waste Not.
. Presenting an instructive lesson of
thrift and industry to officials, farm
ers, business men and citizens in gen
eral. Judge Henry G. Connor, of the
United States court, warned the pub
lic . against idleness, Wastefulv expen
diture of money and hoarding, and. in
turn advised consistent work and sav
ing as the remedy which will best
permanently promote the general wel-
fare and strengthen the moral charac;
ter of the people rather than a con
tinued exercise of war power and re
striction of prices. ' ,
8ome New Corporations.
Charters were filed with the secre
tary of state for the follqwing corpor
ations to do business in North" Caro
lina: ' ' . ,
Poole& Co., of Asheville, with 20,
000 authorized capital and $10,000
Hawn Ice Cream Company, of Mon
roe, with $100,000 authorized capital
and $5,000 subscribed. . . .
Chad wick Fisheries Co., of Beau-
iort nieu amendment to its charter
changing the location of the concern
to -cnaawick's Point. .
'Attorney Thomas D. Warren will be
given a second recess appointment as
federal prosecutor for the eastern dis
trict when the fall criminal term or
United States court convenes in Ral
eigh. This was announced at the office of
Senator Simmons following a confer
ence with the department of justice.'
If the Warren matter hangs fire
much longer, it will provoke the resig
nation of the New Bern man as stat?
chairman. In such a Case, Charles A.
Hines, of Greensboro seems to hive
the best chance of succeeding 1 War
ren. W. D. Laroque," of Klnston, notified
Representative Claude Kitchen that
he had resigned as postmaster at
Kinston. A civil service examination
will be ordered to select a successor.
President Historical Association.
The North Carolina Literary ana
Historical association elected Dr. J.
C. Hamilton, of ,he University of
North Carolina, president for the next
year succeeding Dr. James Sprunt.
There was nc .iward thir session of
the Patterson cup lor best North Car
olina literary production.
Bragg Soldiers on Tour.
The first provisional platoon of ' the
20th Field Artillery has arrived in
Raleigh on its recruiting tour o! the
eastern and central sections of tne
state. The platoon is one of the three
from the Fifth Artillery brigade sent
out from Camp Bragg.
' Towns already visited include
Dunn, Clayton, Smithfield, Kenly, Wll
son Rocky Mount and Spring Hope.
27,125 Teachers Tested.
A total of 27,125 papers o North
Carolina teachers were examined un
der the supervision of the state board
of examiners since last April and 40.5
per cent of these teachara failed to
qualify for a first grade certificate, ac
cording to figures made public this
week by Secretary A. T. Allen, of the
board. This represents the results of
an unusually heavy six months' work,
for the number of teachers applying
for positions was larger this year
High School Libraries.-
The North Carolina Library Associa
tion went on record as advocating that
the State Library Commission and the
State Department of Education out
line a policy for the upbuilding and
administration of the libraries of the
state-supported high schools of the
state. The association also endorsed
the policy of establishing a system of
county libraries for the state . and
pledged itself to work for the enact
ment of legislation to this end.
Many Saving Societies. i
One hundred and fifty new savings
societies have recently been organized
in the schools of North Carolina, ac
cording to official information re
ceived. It is planned to have a savings so
ciety in every room or grade of every
school in the Old North State, and
the teachers are now being asked to
begin immediately the use of the Text
Books of Thrift, which have been fur
nished or will be furnished by the
War Loan Organization of this dis
trict which has headquarters at Rich
mond. Chairmen for Retiof Drive.
Following a conference in this city
of Governor Bickett, Secretary of the
Navy Josephus Daniels, Dr. D. H. Hill,
Col. Albert L. Cox and others, inter
ested in the relief work, State Direc
Maude W. Hopper is now completing
the state organization for the Armen
ian and Syrian campaign next Febru
ary. Affidavits Are Unnecessary.
Washington. (Special). Surgeon
General Ireland ordered that military
patients need not hereafter furnish
affidavits of their ability to procure
specialized care in order to secure
discharge, . Objections of patients who
claimed that they were being held in
the, hospitals because their families
were unable to procure medical ex
perts for their attention prompted the
Other Large Gifts. "
Two large gifts were reported to
the Baptist 75 Million headquarter?.
L. L. Jenkins, president of the Amer
ican National bank of Asheville, an
nounces a gift of $10,000. I. -P. Miller,
of Henderson, announces a minimum
gift of $12,500 and proposes to his
church that for every dollar the
church raises over this amount ; he
will contribute a dollar over and above
his individual gift. This means that
the Henderson church will go close
Sprunt Is Chief Speaker.
The splendid Woman's club audi
toiium, thronged with distinguished
North Carolinians of every quarter ol
the state afforded a brilliant setting
for the opening session here of thi
State Literary and Historical associa
tion in annual session here and for the
splendid address by Dr. James Sprunt,
of Wilmington, president of this or
ganization of scholars and statesmen
who are contributing splendidly to ttit
culture and -literary resources of tbf
Old North State. . ; . ' '.-j ' ,
January is the month in which most
women consider their own and their
family's need in underjrnrnients, and
this particular duty is not so simple
now as it used to be. Two montns
earlier designers, manufacturers and
importers must assemble underthings
for women who leave for the South
as soon as the holidays are over, and
this exacting clientele sets the pace in
the development of new Ideas and
In extravagance. This year, be it
known, all-white underwear appears
to be their choice, and it will therefore
play the leading role, as in times long
past, in the dainty drama of under
muslins. Rut all-white underthings will not
hold the center of the stage all the
time. Negligees have grown more pic
turesque and colorful, more varied In
style than ever, and the newest fad
calls for hose, slippers, cnp and un
derwear to match them; the match
ing Involves usually two colors, so
there is no monotony. A house party,
assembled for the morning coffee, is
quite likely to rival the evening party,
in gay and pretty dressing, and to
prove more interesting, since one can
venture n little wny toward the bi
zarre in the morning and at home.
Crepe de chine wash silk and satin
and batiste in white and pale pink fur
nish the materials for nearly all un
r In the larger cities and in some of
the smaller cities and towns, women
have put very practical ideas into op
eration along lines that are helpful to
the poorer members of the community,
without making them objects of char
ity. We learn l during the war, when
drives were made for clothing for the
Belgians and French of the devastated
regions, that nearly everyone lad
clothing thrt could be spared. It is
almost a crime to keep garments that
are not worn or needed, stored away
when they might be of use to oth
ers who really need them. Therefore
Influential women in the larger com
munities have organized yearly sales
usually called "rummage sales." and
they contribute to these events all
kinds of clothing shoes, hats, gloves,
hose, underwear, as well as all outer
garments. The contributions Include
clothing for menwomen and children.
Th iore prosperous usually donate
outright what they can spare. Oth
ers ask that a selling price be put upon
their articles and a certain per cent
of It be returned to them.
But clpthlng Is not all that appears
at these sales; bed coverings, furni
ture, bric-a-brac, and all sort3 of
household belongings find a place at
the sale. If there is no regular wom
an's exchange, preserves and canned
fruits and vegetables are sure of find
ing purchasers. In fa ct, about every
thing appears that Is useful or orna
mental In the home. , u ;
It takes a few enterprising and
capable ' women to put over a rum
mage sate, or a contribution sale or ba
zaar the name to be. selected accord
ing to circumstances. They must get
I I f i W s s rX
" f") )'h U
nm?j i , inrmmsLm
derwear. ItaHan silk, being a little
heavier, is favored for petticoats, while
lavender and other pastel shades ex
tend the choice, in colors. In the mat
ter of decoration, val and fillet laces,
hemstitching, embroidery and otheY
fine stltchery, retain their unassaila
ble place in the esteem of gentlewom
en. French knots. In light colors, sim
ulate tiny flowers on much of the
flesh-colored underwear, in both silk
and cotton materials, and small bows
or rosettes of, ribbon have not lost
their chnrm upon familiar acquair.tr
nnce. Ruffles and flounces are not so much
used as heretofore, and scalloped
edges are liked as a finish. But petti
coats, with deep, scant flounces of
sheer embroidery. like that pictured
here, are suited to the season's dance
frocks and -evening gowns. The
flounces continue to be joined to the
petticoat with the wider headings car
rying ribbons, that end in a bow at
Medallions of fillet, or other strong
lingerie lace, set about flounces on
petticoats, about, the neck of chemise
or night dresses, between small em
broidered floral designs, seem to be the
most desired of all trimmings. Clus
ters of fine tucks are among the time
honored decorations that hold their
the contributions, find a place to as
semble and display them and provide
salespeople. When the goods are ar
ranged, they are to be marked in plain
figures. Usually a woman's club or
.similar organization carries these
sales through, a small per cent on the
income, above expenses, going into the
treasury. It is best to have only a
few managers say a committee! of
three who can give time o the affair
and those who have had business ex
perience, or are known to have exec
utive ability, should be chosen. There
are possibilities for those who sell and
those who buy in a sale of this kind.
The most important thing to remem
ber is that clothing and house furnish
ings' are to be sold very cheaply. Fond
j stuffs will bring the market price.
Another fine practice was inaugurat
ed during the war, and that' was the
conversion of old,, battered silver 'and
jewelry into bullion.
Nearly every one possesses some old
pieces that are never used and are
kept, simply because they are of pre
cious metal or have some little senti
mental value. Probably a good many
dollars In many communities are
wrapped up in useless trinkets. Thesis
might better be donated by vhelr own
ers to the first deserving cause that
comes along. In a good
sized glty the
donors will be able t6 rbise a resne
table sum on contributions they -m
Spencer. Forty clerks employed in
Southern railway at Spencer were dis
missed from the service when they
failed to "check" on a time clock just
installed by the authorities who noti
fied the clerks tney will be required to
check. When the men took seats at
their desks they were asked if they
had checked, and when the answer
was given in the negative they were
notified that their services would no
longer be needed. The offices were
vacated at once.
Inquiry was made of the leaders
and the matter was termed a lock
out, pure and simple. It was stated
that this is the only place on the
Southern system where clerks have
been required to check. It was also
stated that the clerks through their
union have a contract with the rail
road administration, one article of
which provides that they will not be
required to do anything not formerly
practiced. It was on this ground that
they refused to check.
Kinst6n. Walter D. LaRoque, post-
announced his resignation. Private
affairs require all his time.
Winston-Salem. The city author
ities have -decided to purchase tke
Starbuck property. It is . the plan of
the aldermen to erect a modern city
hall and perhaps market house on
the property within the next few
Fayetteville. There is an apparent
ly well founded report here that Dan
S. Hollenger, secretary of the Fayette
ville Chamber of Commerce, will -announce
himself a candidate for Con
gress from the sixth.
Salisbury. The German 77 M. M
pun captured by the French and by
them given to the city of Salisbury,
has arrived here, coming from New
York by express. The gtm Is fn ap
pearance about ready for action but
theie are a few necessary parts miss
Warsaw. To Rob Miller, for many
years colored mail porter here, be
longs the championship in raising
sweet potatoes. He not only produc
ed an abundant yield to the acre, but
his potatoes are all of large size. He
brought a number to the local post
office force that weighed1 18 pounds
Asheville. The members of the
,- ...v-,rn Furniture Manufacturers as
sociation, in annual convention here,
heard reports, which are to the ef
fect that prices on furniture will hot
he lowered, so long as the demand ex
ceeds the supply, and elected officers
for the ensuing: year.
Bailey. In a report by the depart
emnt of agriculture from Raleigh, it
was shown that the Bailey tobacco
mafket leads all other markets in
North Carolina In highest averages,
the local market having made an av
erage of $63.81 during the entire
Sanford One of the most enjoya
ble treats the business men of San
ford have participated In for a long
time is a barbecue luncheon at the
Sanford commercial club rooms to the
tobacco buyers who have attended the
seasons sale at the Hughes and Yar
boro warehouses Ihere.
Charlotte. Democracy's banner in
the approaching nlntit district con
gressional election wll flaunt in the
breeze from the shoulders of Clyde R.
Hoey, of Shelby.
Incomplete returns indicate conclu
sively that Hoey triumphed over
Johnson D. McCall, his Mecklenburg
opponent, by a telling majority of 4,
600 and probably 5,000 votes.
Goldsboro. The Tobacco Growers'
Warehouse Company, for the sale of
leaf tobacco, is now being organized
among the farmers of Wayne and ad
Deoosits in Charlotte Banks. ,
Charlotte. Ait increase of ) 64 per
tent in the deposits in banks and
trust companies In Charlotte on No
vember 17 over the deposits of ; the
same date a year agor is shown in a
report given out by the chamber of
The report shows that the total de
posits in local banks and trust com
panies airiotiTit to $28,474,665, an in
crease of $11,222,281.
The resources of the local banks
are now $40,736,801, as compared with
$27,030,369 of a year ago.
Morehead Republican Nominee.
Newton.-The republican district
congressional convention met in the
courthouse here at noon. Att6rney L.
Tn .uz temporary chairman upon
"motion of A. A. Whitener, of Hickory,
Mr. Klutz was made permanent chair
man of .the conTentioa.
G' W- rjjePriest, of Shelby, was made
secretary. '. f ;
Two ballots were taken before there
.was a choice, John M. Morebead being
nominated for Congress in the ninth
congressional district.. . ,
pobuc health ;co
8TATE LTH poL
OUTLINE OF SPECIFIC
Every County Hav,a a Pn
1W0O Shou.ci Have HoN
North Carolina dm, of to t
of North Carolina on it3 1
for state reconstru, uon
following the l,3l? of p hlch'H'
ett's state ret
uie committee nnblic W
J. S. Terry, f Rc KuhJ
ii. - ...
Specific needs or.M, J1.16-
mittee included .
4- T 1 ,
7 lQ com.
mruugnout ttie staff
departments with hole tlm,
officers and nurses the tZ
sanitation and hygiene in ,, g
controlled schools with
preparation of teachers to 2
proper instruction, and with 'J
tions and ratings to check ,m?'
work, and the development of I?
some recreation among children I
ticularly in rural schools. The
ommendations were made by
well Markham, of Durham. A R '?'
derson, of Statesville. c. L. Harri
ton, of Greenville, and J. s. Terry
chairman, all memhers of the inedJ
school of the university.
In recommending county hospHali
Mr. Terry pointed out the fact that
North Carolina now has only 200 W
pital beds for the 830,000 negroes h
the state, a ratio of one bed for ererj
4,150 negroes. For the whites thm
is only one - bed for every 416 person
He cited several methods of' fina
ing county hospitals as adopted
other states and strongly recommeij.
ed a state law requiring tvery mti
with a population of 15,000 to ham
hospital, counties with smaller popik
tion to be grouped with one
for several counties.
High Point. Construction of i
modern 100 room hotel and a 15 room
school building in High Point at one
constituted the building activities for
the furniture city announced.
.Aberdeen. The Marth-FrTaTw8
fnflrmary, of the Statf Home and In
dustrial School for Girls and Womea,
at Samarcand, ,was 'dedicated and the
institution formally opened with aa
address by Governor Bickett.
Henderson. Decision of the stock
holders of the Farmers and Merchant!
Bank at a meeting to increase th
capital stock of that financial Insti
tution to $500,000, gives Henderson its
second banking concern with t hlf
million dollars capital.
. New Bern With five carloads of
coal consigned to the local electric
light plant on the yards and with onlr
coal enough on hand to last tor
short while, the Norfolk Souun
Raifwav Cnmnanv officials have
fused to allow the local plant. tot
this coal. The city officials ban
taken the matter up with the office
a oViottiIIq '. T. T. Jenkins,
An,0rti, National bank here.
owner of cotton mills near CharIot
and Gastonia and a prominent m
throughout western North Caro
gave a committee from the First
tlst church here his check for V-
to apply on the quota of that chord
which is $110,000.
bacco sales were smashed ner
Sam Moore, a prominent Fors
well farmer, marketed a lot
pounds for the sum of n 14, .
clean averagp of Si-i-03 v
. i- Pnd!.
. Spencer T . , b,.n
agreed to between tne
Brotherhood of Railway ne
nr tho rnited Stat
iue omenta wl V- - cie'11
road administration th w
i 0,,-a'prt from tne -
recently dismissed from w
Southern at Spencer, re
work. The question or i- v
ment is now under
the heads of the two orgam
: mofp taken oac
ine ciems ' " ,
best of feeling
faith, with the
Water Famine .n n- -
Ralweigh.-With Rale gh fac
the prospect of a water -fam
T. B. Eldridge appealed to
of the city to conserve the
ply in every way P03blereque3t5 !
The mayor nrgently &
water be used Tm
there be no waste. TM t
causing the mun for
much concern, an the y J
cooperation of the
conservation t Pre
" " 5 '