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! 1 I
THE WORLD OVER
IMPORTANT HAPPENINGS OF THI
AND OTHER NATIONS FOR
SEVEN DAYS GIVEN
HE NEWS 0FTHE SOUTH
What la Taking Place In Tha South
land Will Be Found In
BHef Paragraphs :
. The New Tear received a "'kidely and
varied welcome in New VorkCtty on
New Year's Eve night. In the big
hotels of the White Light district the
newcomer was welcomed by the pri
vate stock-holding class with all ex
uberance of days when prohibition was
still a reformer's dream and a jest.
The exuberance of the private
stockless citizens was, however, decid
edly restrained. The customary crowds
thronged Broadway, but the cowbells
and horns which on previous New
Year's nights threatened the ear
drumsof everyone within hearing,
were much modulated in tone and
.there was little of the riotous horse
play that previous years had known.
Priies aggregating more than two
million dollars will be divided among
aviators in competitions being arrang
ed throughout the world in 1920 un-
der the direction of the International
Aeronautic Federation, according t
announcement at New York City. Air- "indorsed by Daniel C Roper, commis
American competitors will be selected -joner of internal revenue, at Washing
by the Aero Club of America.
A survey of the medical centers oNaroused public conscience" with re
Virginia and other southern states has
begun to arrange for ah allotment of
the one hundred million dollar Rocke
Major Gen. Leonard Wood filed a
formal announcement of his candidacy
for the Republican presidential nom
ination with the South Dakota secre
tary of state at Pierre.
Four unmasked robbers, shortly be
fore noon, entered the Farmers and
Merchants National bank of Benson
a suburb of Omaha, Neb lined six
employes and five customers of the
bank against the wall and robbed the
vault of one hundred and fifteen thou
sand dollars, most of which was m ne
gotiable paper and Liberty Bonds
An experiment in , psycnoiogy was
tried at the county jail in Chicago m j
the grizzly dim hour of dawn recent- year review of business and crop con
ly, when two hundred prisoners were j ditions. Manufacturers, the report
forced to witness the hanging' of a I said, have orders in excess of their ca
convicted murderer. The most har- j
dened criminals were selected to wit-1
ness the execution.
Continuation ' of government nitrate
plants at Muscle Shoals, Ala., to man-
ufacture fertilizer products during
peace time, is urged by Secretary Ba-
ker upon a special house committee
investigating war expenditures. He
oe twpirp mmion dollars is-'
J" j ... ; i Tr,otpi
necessary to be appropriated to matte
J , Zcr,
tUB'culUi5" w , . I
TWO Dloctts m ine wnoiesaie tusu-ici S
were destroyed by fire on the water ty thousand to fifty thousand; tht
front, entailing a loss which early es- temporary volunteers, or regular armj
timates placed at between $350,000 and reserves, one hundred and fifty thou
$500,000, and ' plunging the business , sand to two hundred thousand, and
section of the city of Tampa, Fla., in-, the civic guards, three hundred thou-
to darkness by cutting off the electric
light and power before the flames were
The government deficit from rail
road operation during November will
be approximately $64,500,000, a low
record for the year, according to sta
tistics compiled by the bureau of rail
Proposals for the purchase of the
former German passenger ships seiz
ed when the United States entered the
war the Leviathan, the largest ves-
sel afloat; the Agamemnon, the '
Georee Washington and others will
-be received by the shipping board up
to January 20. Only American buyers'
' bids will be considered.
The greatest round-up of radicals
in the nation's history was conducted
by the department of justive agents
in thirty-three cities the larger cit
ies being New York, Baltimore, Bos
ton, Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Den
ver, DesMoines, Detroit, Grand Rap
ids, Hartford, Indianapolis, Jackson
ville, Kansas City7 Los Angeles, Lou
isville, Milwaukee, Newark, Omaha,
Philadelphia, Pittsburg, Portland
(Maine), Portland (Oregon), Provi-
dence, San Francisco, Scranton, Spo- j lia, and are marching towards the sea
kane, St. Louis, St. Paul, Springfield port of Mariupol on the Sea oi Azov.
(Massachusetts), Syracuse, Toledo i A quantity of guns and booty were
and Trenton stretching from coast
to coast. Over fifteen hundred rad
icals are reported to have been taken
New Year's greetings from the heads
of a number of foreign, governments
were received by President Wilson.
Messages came from England, Bel
gium, Luxemburg, Sweden, Italy and
several other European countries and
from most of the South American re
publics.! : 1
I Evidence gathered by the depart-
ment of justice relative to the alleged
leak in decisions oi the United States
Supreme court will be submitted to a
federal grand jury in January, it is
announced at the department of jus
tice. . . ,
; Legislation subjecting the manufac
ture and sale of wood alcohol to the
same, restrictions as grain alcohol will
be recommended to congress as a re
sult of the many fatalities from the
nse of wood alcohol as a beverage.
Commissioner Roper of the bureau of
internal revenue in Washington has
Elihxt Root, former secretary of
state, at Washington, will be called
upon to give his assistance and ad
vice to the launching fcf the great in
ternational supreme court provided
under the league of nations. ,
Of the instrumentalities which are
to be set in motion almost imme
diately upon the proclamation of peace,
the international court of justice is
regarded by the supreme council as
of ranking importance. Consequently,
that body, through its secretariat in
London, already had gone so far as
possible in advance of the actual dec
laration of peace toward the creation.
of the court. r
An army of 85,000 enumerators 'are
at work counting the men, women
and children of the United States and
of collecting certain information about
resources of the country. The taking
of this census, the fourteenth in the
history of the nation, is expected to
require only about two weeks, but fig
ures showing the total population
probably will not be available until the
end of April.
President Wilson has signed the Mc-
Nary bill continuing the United States
sugar equalization board through
1920. It was announced ' at the White
House that his signature had been at
tached before midnight, Jan. 1, 1920.
Because the successful solution of
the economic and financial problems
of the coming year demands the con
centrated effort of every American cit
izen, the savings division of the treas
ury department urged that each adopt
and live up to an- individual financial
creed and course of conduct.
Celebration of January 18, the first
Sunday after constitutional prohibi-
Uion. as Law and Order Sunday was
ton, in a statement appealing for an
gard to law enforcement and promis
ing that prohibition would be , enforc
ed strictly by his bureau.
Cost plus contracts fostered fraud
and inefficiency, Col. Clarence O. Sher
rill, technical expert in the army en
gineer corps, testified before a house
sub-committee investigating war ex
Samuel Gompers, president of the
American Federation of Labor, in a
New Year statement, pledged Amer
ica's workers to do their full share
in working out the country's prob
lems in 1920.
Continued industrial activity is pre
dicted by the committee on statistics
of the chamber of commerce of the
United States in its annual end-of-the-
pacity. and in the retail trade there
is a feeling of -confidence of the con
tinuation until another harvest a
f eJ' force are4 f st
ftef the British war office at Lon
don 10 total close to one milhon men
These are -divided into the regular
army of four hundred thousand, the
land forces of the regular navy, twelve
thousand: the armed constabularv. for
; sall(i to four hundred thousand, which
is a formidable force.
The first step toward peace between
Esthonia and Soviet Russia was taken,
by the signing of a preliminary ar
mistice at Dorpat, Esthonia, stipulat
ing an immediate cessation of hostili
ties, and covering questions concern
ing Esthonian and military guarantees
with regard to the frontiers.
Bolshevik Russia is willing to mak
great concessions to the big powers
in the interests of peace, but will
not hold out the olive branch to Gen-
era! Demkine, according to M. Klish
ke, secretary of the Soviety delegation
a : -ni,i jii
wiy. jci uuiu
nave consxaerea peace wim uenerai
rinv" " I & -i
M. Tchitchenkin, Bolshevik f oreign
minister, has proposed to Italy a re-
sumption of relations between that
country and Soviet Russia, holding out
that the imminent canture of the
Tiioot oo0 v,
open ine siaca: sea route to Italy, is
the news received in London irom
Doisnevists nave occupied the im-
i ' -
portatant stations of Yusovo and Do
captured, as was also the entire Mark
hoff division, one . of Denikine's fin
Until the Germans complete tb
sweeping of the mine fields they iaitf
in the North sea there will be consid
erable danger to shipping in waters
adjacent to the British isies. Even
after that work is ended, some time
next summer, there will -be same dan
ger, it is predicted, but will gradually
inree exhausted and
men, sole survivors of the
twenty-nine of the Belgian steamei
Anton Van Driel, were taken to St
Johns, Newfoundland on tne steamei
Ingraham. For two days and two
nights the three men had clung tc
the wreck of their steamer as it lay
on the jagged Tocks that barred the
entrance to St. Mary's bay.
The avalanches which recently oc
curred at the mountain resort of Da
vis, near Geneva, caused terror among
residents and visitors and resulted
in a number of deaths in the villas
-nra ' " v y U Ul TJU
v m v -rw , . m "m
L'.swi'iuiiuii -a . - v - mam.: ., i & m
J-" rf i -M?
1 Shipping room of the census burea) from which supplies are mailed to the 87,000 enumerators. 2 Scene
during target practice with the 12-inch f&rtars and 14-inch rifles of Fort MacArthur, Los Angeles. 3 Ameri
can Red Cross nurses leaving Vladivostok for the Interior of Siberia.
NEWS REVIEW OF
Treaty Compromisers Still Are
Hopeful but Wilson Shows
No Signs of Yielding.
PROGRESS OF THE BOLSHEVIK!
Sign Armistice With Esthonla and
Worry Japan by Siberian Advance
- Congress Gets Lots of Ad
vice on Railway Legislation.
By EDWARD W.PICKARD."
Prospects of a satisfactory compro-
mlse In the treaty situation in the
United States senate were not much
brightened by the developments of last
week. The compromisers were mire-
mittlng In their efforts, however, and
one of them. Senator Pomerene, after
a conference with Senator Lodge,
said: "I believe we will get together.
None of the reservations which the
majority of the senate adopted is as
bad as defeat, of the treaty. The coun
try wants the treaty ratified prompt
ly." The signs that a good many Demo
crats were ready to abandon the ad-
ministration's policy of ratification
without reservation caused Secretary
Tumulty to visit the capitol and study
tne situation ior tne president, tie 1
naa a long mit wiin .senator nucn-
cock, ana wnne neither would give I
the details of the conference, Mr.
Hitchcock said: "We've got a long
row to hoe yet before we reach a com
promise." He added that nothing Mr.
Tumulty said Indicated the slightest
sign that the president would yield In
his refusal to compromise in the fight.
Meanwhile the supreme council In
Paris, which had made up Its mind to
go ahead without waiting longer for
the United States, ran up against a
snag. It had fixed January 6 as the
day on which the protocol should be
signed and ratifications of the Ger-
xu utraijr ue acuwigea. ana xnen
discovered that the German delegates
did not have full power to act. Steps
to rectify this were taken. The su
preme council learned that there were
still some 80,000 German troops in up
per Silesia, where a plebiscite is to be
held, and it was decided Germany
j sh0uld be told it had better
i them at once.- It was also planned to
sena a mission of all3ed officers to OT.
pervise the withdrawal of Hungarian
troops that are in .that .part of west-
ern Hungary that was given to Aus
On the last day of the year the Es-
thonians and soviet Russians In
ference at Dornnt sirapfl o
" 7 ."V-"1JJB
u e protocol including ,
temporary adjustment nf nr,TrM
mmtary guarantees nd ZZZZ
of the independence nf Tw,l t
iiiut-peuuence or JiiSthonia. It
3SUUJcu mat this acreement
was assumed that thic
WOTlia 50011 be followed by the con
clusion or a definite peace between the
xn a jew lear's ereetinfr tn fH
world, sent from Moscow bv wireie
the soviet government promises that
in 1920 it will victoriously end the
civil war in Itussia. that Soviets tn
be established in Berlin, Washington,
Paris and London, and that soviet au
thority will , be supreme throughout
uie world. . -
General Semenoff is now the domi
nant figure among the anti-bolshevists
of Siberia Following his disastrous
defeats and the swift advance east
ward of the soviet ' armies. Admiral
ivolchak went into eclipse. His forces
melted away rapidly, and m th. Trv.
ntsk region mutiny and anarchv Tre.
vaneo. xne entente . nil iwa m
United States seem quite disinclined
to Intervene further in the affairs of
Kussia by force of arms, In which they
probably are wise, and it appears to
- -' v
De up to Japan to stop the onward
sweep of bolshevism In the far East,
if It can be done at all. The impres
sion prevails that the Japanese will
e given a free hand on their assur
ance that they have no Intention of
nnexiim any additional territory.
Ii n n nn imfl Ii lli nuanil
Theff declare their only aim is to pro
tect fjheir land from the poison or boi-
The Japanese premier has
Indicted that any general advance of
the pviet forces beyond the southeast
side fof Lake Baikal will result in out
righfi war between the Japanese and
PrlWler Nitti and Foreign Minister
SciaVMa of Italy have gone to Paris
and EiOndon to try to bring about an
adjustment of the Adriatic dispute fa- I
vora0e' to Italy. The latter, address- I
Ing ipe Italian senate, said Mr. Lan- j
sing'H proposal for the neutralization
of tl Dalmatian Islands and the sur-
roum)ng sea as far as Ragusa was In-
tolerpile, since it would leave a part
of tlje Italian coast exposed to the
samei attack as in the late war, but
he btlieved Great Britain and France
could;.: persuade President Wilson to
change his views.
"V$ Oemenceau and Mr. Lloyd
George -.told me," said the foreign min-
,lsteri -that if France, England and
Italyagreed, even going beyond the
terrn rof President Wilson, they be-
lieveg they could present the agree-
mentto President Wilson and induce
nlm f accept it In the Interest or Eu-
If the conferees of the senate and
hous do not ' arrive at a satisfac-
tory Jtblutlon of the railway bill puz-
zle, iwill not be for lack of advice,
expert and inexpert. All sorts 01 or-
ganizf 'tlons have been taking a whack
at ltiand all of them are directly in-
terestfyd. The American Federation
of Lfibor, the four railway brother-
hoods; ana ten railway shopmen s
nniony anuiaiea witn xne ieaerauon
got together in Washington and told
wnat Ifney wisnea, wuai xney uopeu
for ar4 what they would not counte-
nancej? In the first place, they de-
clared4 themselves In favor of two
years -more of government operation
tuiuyvue ui KuvciuixicuL uwueremp a
rOTti tIJCt TTlOTT TOf! 1 iTOi that thO TO-
tn tK rnac tv,0 nCrc nn
MnrfHh is now oprtir,tv hnt mw'
-;- . - o - -
nnHootihot t,0r rmi-
..w,y..Ut vv.j i t.v . uLiu
ownenpp a poimcai issue m the m-
ture. rAs for the pending legislation,
they declared themselves aerainst the
anti-stke feature and the penalty
provisrps against ceasing work, and
" v.fl S '
m xavT or the features which tend to probably many others will be caught
establish better relations between the and punished. Their victims, natural
employes and the carriers, and urged ly, are mainly of the poorer classes,
that tse features be extended to the which could not afford to lav in Drf-
sieepirvr. car ana t'unman company
emploes. The railway shomnen
already have voted to strike if con-
grebs Miopts tne LTimmins anti-strike
provisifn, and It is believed the broth-
erhoodi might adopt the same course,
IVext&jthe American Bankers' asso-
ciaiionjjoia wnat u considered neces-
kji rv Tn-.ronni ftotn , 3
.... , iii.ttnt-u ut-u-
it of tp roads. It favors the speedy
return m prirate ownership: the vol
uiimry Tut not compulsory consoiida-
l!n 0failroad Properties; permissive
- rh .. 1 ! 1 .
.yncorporauon ; exclusive regU-
lation f nd control of the issue of
1 . , .
k - t? ViXii1" - xieri
I board: M rovernmnt (mnrnntoa tn Ka
fL . -
icuarpUwV.ui i operating in-
wuie to tne- stanaara return for
the sanife period during federal con-
indebtedness to the government for
-tt j.v. iut vanreio
r lr1 seriauy Ior
from tei to twenty years. All these
Z't TviT a w" Ui
HS UU. UJ- Liit!lu are
Ul UUUUl! .. . ' . -
Anotb,4T group vitally interested in
?1flJ'"" . "!.S"?
ct mcac. gcuuruiti. cl, u. Hilt lun
SK .W.fta. for the road,,
auuuieuvresoinnnns in snhctsnru oc
"We ifle oooosed to thA ' .n
a rransrftrrnti "1. "
th On mi, & an
"TTa ntW th.
,se th nT,i.rv-
l n . "
l x x' v viuiriuiuuu liv inp i
t kuf CLUuimiL n i iim j y roca an t
a ranroaft comnnnTr" -
e oilnose the -
r . - laicua
ing grotj and standardization of
earnings ghereln as provided for in the
rWe a ornnwrt a "se oi nis physical condi-
iSlShv PlUsbury, who wa,
tion of TUe railroads and rt.M.u.
of the cofmrrv mt .
i rrzri . .tMUw 118 P-
-We -A,- to- ,,
which w Mrmlt th. ""1""
- i - .
, " 'i ii ' i
railroads to their owners at the earli
est possible moment, and permit" oper
ation by them.
"We are in favor of legislation that
will effectually prevent the catastro
phe that would follow a general rail
road strike and at the same time fully
recognize the rights of the laborer and
all parties in interest.'
President Wilson's second industrial
conference has put forward a tenta-
tive plan for the settlement of indus-
trial disputes and adjourned until Jan-
uary 12, when it will be ready to listen
t0 criticisms of its scheme from in-
terested parties. So far the' comments
n the plan have ranged all the way
fr0m warm praise to ridicule. As ma-
chfnery for conciliation the conference
A national industrial tribunal, ap-
pointed by the president, to serve as a
board of appeal for the final adjust-
ment of wage and other controversies.
2. Twelve regional chairmen, ap-
pointed by the president, who will
'form boards on occasion from estab-
Hshed panels of employers and em-
ployees for the adjustment of parti c-
3. Regional boards of inquiry to in-
vestigate and report upon any dispute
j which either or both parties refuse to
I settle through a hoard of adjustment,
4. Umpires to whom a board may
J refer a dispute for decision.
I The plan does not propose to do
i away witn tne ultimate ngnt to striKe,
I to discharge or to maintain the closed
I or the open shop; but a decision un-
der it would be binding on both par-
ties, having the force and effect of a
1 trace agreement. Tne conference be-
neves policemen, nremen ana other
government employees should be de-
mea tne ngnt to StriKe, DUt not tne
right to associate for mutual protee-
j tion or the presentation of grievances.
Numerous deaths in many parts of
the tpytoe to the drinking of bo-
ps wnisKy maae oi wood alcohol,- Hare ;
n... il s.. j 1 :
1 nuw "CJC iCUlUC UU i-MUOUSUilie
1 v, : b . ... . .
nquor ior tneir evasions: oi tne prom-
bition laws. Criminal gangs in sev- '
eral cities have encaeed in the manu- 1
profited enormously, but some of their
members are now under arrest and
Tate stocks" before the sale of liquor.!
kto mor oii i
not fatal to the drinkers, It Is almost
certain to cause total blindness. As';
nnp rpsnlt nf thp dpnths thp hnrpnn nf i
internal revenue will recommend to!
conirress the passage of a law subject-
ing the manufacture and sale of wood
i . . . .. .. ..
aiconoi to the same restrictions as
Attorney General Palmer has no fear
that the red movement will go far
pnnnirh in this rnntrv tn r!ic n
Z ", " T
I "iJU " "' '" "4 -lcaic
of the people's
government." And in order that it
may not go so tar, ne announces, tne
i aepartment or justice will Keep up a
persistent and aggressive warfare
I 2,000 of them will be deported in the
i nenr mrnrp. nnn in n-rn o-r tibtw
enough on hand to fill up the "soviet
arks" his agents on New Tear's day
took a large number of the Teds into
custody. Mr. Palmer urges thfit the
radical orooAE-andj Tip. mnt.rc
1 C7 v..Mut.V4.l-Vl
u. icaauug its purpose tnrougn the
Uress tn nhnw, VL,,. !v-
bormons ana paMotlc organtations.
members otAm aS?i2
i , . "
Iast weeK Thomas H. Bar-
F and ilear Admiral John E. Pills-
J OUT- general Barry was in active
service from the time of his CTadua
tion West Point in 1877 until hlg
.-umt in io Tintll
l cujcui, ust jvueusi. tie aid -r.
i . - .
ceixent worK m tne Philippines, com-
manded army of Cuban padfica-
tion, and In the war with Germany
tried earnestly to obtam a divisional
command in France, but was "kept at
Ty ' 7 . "
fe:uuuaicu irom xne naval academy in
iSSZ. was retired In 1908 for
5lf ? service vto 1U credit.
.nuE.we Spanish "war he command.
l ea e ajnamlte crolser fesavlsa, .
BY A 5 TO 4 VOTE PETIT
INJUNCTION IN BEER
TER WAS DISMISSED
2.75 BEER HAS BEEN M
vuiMCdo ci rvnocKea Prop I
CI n" occr ntv my MlCOnolir r
tent More Than Half perce
Washington. The prohihiri
iurceuicfli act, aenning as fc f
of one per cent or more of alcoy (
. wuuui u; iue
court, in an opinion
court divided, 5 to 4.
Proceedings brought by JacobV '
2.75 per cent beer were ordered
Ruppert's case was brought bcJ !
the war-time act. He -alleged
2.75 per cent beer was non-intoxicaj
ing, but that the Volstead act by M
iting the alcoholic content prohibit!
the sale of . beer manufactured cad?4
regulations prescribed under the Leve
food control act by President THboJ
In deciding the New Orleans-a;J i
Baltimore cases Justice Day, V j.-; '
unanimous opinion, held that ; '.
iUAuuittcuire ui oeer containing 2
per cent alcohol was legal until tbf
enactment of the Volstead act
NEW NORTH CAROLINA MEMBER
OF CONGRESS TAKES HIS SEAn
Washington. Clyde R. Hbey; mes.
ber-elect from the ninth district,!
North Carolina, was sworn as a mea
ner in the house of representatives.
AMERICAN WINNERS IN BOTH
SWIMMING AND BICYCLE RACE
Melbourne, Australia. Horza
Ross, the American swimmer, wos th
220-yard championship sprint in. 'mV
athletic meet here. Spencer and 0&-
lerieter, Americans, won the slx-day
bicycle race with a purse of 3CJ
j pounds sterling.
THE HUN PRINCE VON ffULOW
CONSIDERED AN UNDESIRKBLI
Rome. Prince von Buelow, former
German chancellor and recently sent
; to Italv on a ' dinlnrrmtir minimi ton
been informed ,that his presence in
this cltv was undesirable for fte rs
arm it rnnifl ran.a tmnViio tnr tt
UNDER-SECRETARY OF STATE
DENIES RESIGNATION RUMOR.
WI a 0V1 fn crr T7ni10fCorot!iTB nf
! state Pol has issued tof
! here is no truth In the report tnar
I intend to retire from my office.
ml. , ... ,
t There is no foundation whatever for
the statement that I am in any vay
in disagreement with the policy of th
SOUTHERN FARMERS EXCEL W
ALL BUILDING IMPROVEMENTS
Washington. Southern farmers H -
those of other sections of .the conntry
in making building improvements m
the last year, the federal farm loo I
I bnk reported to congress, savin? ttai ,
highest proportion ot borpiu6
from the federal farm loan system for
buildings was from North and - Sonti
1 Carolhra. Florida, Alabama. Missts-
sippi, and Louisiana.
FIRST SEA LORD OF BRITISH
NAVY PAYS OFFICIAL VISITS.
Washington. Viscount Jellirne of
Scapa, first sea lord of the British
miralty who arrived here from
Yorki began a round of official rls?t
as the guest of the nation. Immei
iatery after breakfast he called on
Secretary Daniels. "
JANUARY 10 DATE SET FOR
RATIFYING OF PEACE TRE'
Paris. The supreme cuoncC
tentatively set January 10 for th?'
. . ITJS.
ncauor or the treaty of v p'"; i
The council's basis for a setf611" . I
ed over to Baron von Lersnpr,
The Scapa Flow reparation?
ment was reached upon the allies
cepting' a diminnition of 125.000 totf
from the 400,000 tons of" f"
terial originally demanded fro
BELIEVE THAT WOOD ALCOHOL
MYSTERY HAS BEEN SOLVE
New Tork. Two arrests
eral officers believe will . eo!?
mystery as- to the source of the
alcohol which cansed one bflfld
deaths in thisicity. New Jersey
lew England, were announced W j
old B. XJdbhs, revenue aei t
-were Cosimo D'AmbTosia, a Br0f
wuauucui wuo was uLKen iuv
In a farm house, md WilliaB
hi. I ;
BroofclTxi s&rage keener