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POLE COUIIilf 17173, 'Oli, '-UO-iu GAUOLIITA
I E STOCK HEADS
'lO HOLD 1EETIIIG
DATE AND PLACE WHERE NEXT. J tae United states, are overlooking op
i X . ..timr ai m I t- I POrtunitiea to secure manl su?r
ANNUAL MEETING WILL BE
ANNu- x . I
TO BE "CONSIDERED
PAVE WAY FOR IMPROVEMEHT
Executive Committee of State Agri
cultural Society Appointed Sub
committee to Work Out Plans.
The officers or livestock assocla-
.11 t.oll ttlACitik .111
IfinS irOIH ail yaiya u. uig Ubaia wiu
Lather at Raleigh during the ; last
,ek in March to decide on the time
and place-for holding the annual meet
ing of the State liiyestoclc Associa
tions. ;V. - ..' .
pwi. - .AAlTIOr rvf rvf flATQ Will ha flAlrl
ln the office of Dan T. Gray . at 1 the
state College of Agriculture, West
which time invitations I
from municipalities for this .year's
meeting will be considered. r
The executive committee . of the
North Carolina Agricultural Society,
in session' here several days ago, pav
cd the way for the Improvements of 65 "..uurflain; rim Mur
the State Fair grounds in accordance Uberty; Jack Courtney, Ashe-
with plans. After discussing the
question of an early start, Gn. Julian
S. Carr, president, was empowered to
appoint a committee of five with pow
er to act; This committee will have
General Carr as chairman and will
have direct charge of the Improve
ment work of the grounds.
To Furnish Candidate's Records
Headquarters have been opened in
Raleigh bjf th"e State Federation of
Labor for; the purpose of furnishing
members of organized labor in North
Carolina with the political records, of
candidates for Congress and state of
ficers and their attitude toward or
ganized labor. v
Palmer Invited to Gastonla . .. .
Washington, Attorney General Pal
mer, gettipg more in trim every day
to make a fight for the democratic
nomination for the presidency, may
open his campaign in the South with
a ipeech I at Gastonia on March 24.
The occasion is the annual banquet
of the Gaston bar and, at the request
of the lawyers, Senator Simmons and
Representative Clyde Hoey asked Mr.
Palmer to make the speech.
Building for The Blind - J"7
The Boardof Directors of the State
School for the Blind In regular ses-
lion made a special visit to the" new
lite for the school arid formulated
plans looking to the construction of
the three; buildings under contract.
Plans were made to move the Kinder
ffarten in the Fall and the whole
tchool as soon as possible.
Governor Pardons Three 1 '
Henry Smith, of. Beaufort county,
convicted of houseburning in Novem
ber. 1917.. and sentenced to five vears
In the State's prison was pardoned by
Governor Bickett, on condition that
he remain a law abldlnc ritfrAn
This was one of the three-parens
granted by the Governor. Others
hardened were John Martin, of Jack-
on county, convicted In the spring of
1919 of abandonmAnf and BAntenneri
to twelve 'months on the county roads,
and R. B. Blackburn, of ..- Columbus
county, convicted In Ausnst. 1919.- of
manufacturing liquor and sentenced
to twelve months on the county roads.
Some New Cornnratin
Charters were filed with the Secre
tary of state for the followine corrxv
tttions to do business in North Caro
Bagiey & Alderman, of Greensboro.'
prlntpry, with $100,000 authorized cap
ital and -$15,000 subscribed hv W ll
Aldennan! H. J. Williams, and S. W.
a Kiev, all Of P.rADnetrn
Wilson Countv Fair Anlstlrt nf
Wilson with $100,000 authorized capi
tal ani i mrt vj 1 - ir
M1'ler. G. W. Stantrai anil T. Q tl.l
W,. all of Wilann ' ' -
Simmons Defends War Taxes .... .
Washington. (Special) Senator
maamons; defended the War -Revenue
Ration against an attack launched
8Pech Senator Gronna, of North
JJkota, made. The North Carolina
wnator charged that "low rateV of
Ration on incomes and excess pro-
Provided in the revenue tills
woicn werp niit i -v. i"t.r
hy the North Carolina Senator;
T operated to create the. fortunes
tne Preat number of "mushroom'V
""onaires now in the country Which
rwlse could nnt v.ttA y '
JPectioh of Dairy Herd
' v, 11
4 th, the State College
ratH -""oioLiujs ui o pure Drea
wle worp tQt.i , ,
Dr. w n 0 .u r.oercuiosw oy
J' K "ndinger. of the United
tan a !'aiu,lni 01 Agriculture ana
-oiuteiy free from the dl-
"r. Dendinger expressed' much
T,, . TCi lus results.
been t T nrst tlme vhe herd has
lent y n"ed States goVern-
anim SCaurr!e1 on by th department
on 0f A hubandry under the dlrec-
college veterinarians. i
w w,v't v iug w v n
The Potential SugarMapie;
. waanington MSpeqIal). The
"-wreaca or -sugar
weainer- lead Department of .Agricul
ture experts to make the statement
that many thousands of American
farmers throughout ;a region compris
ing more than: a score of states, in
wo eastern ana northeastern part of
"" BecUre maple, sugar and
sirup for home usa. m wn ..m.i.
at very. HtUe cost.
. w" " OOiVi
: discovery was made by roverntnpn
investigators of many groves of sugar
.m norm Carolina, one r of
which is probably larger than any now
to be found ; in -New England, i The
owners, being unaware of the value
of .the-trees from the maple-sugar
standpoint, had begun." cutting them
for lumber,, at an average return of
less man sloo a tree. Last season,'
upon suggestion of government- ex
Verts, these groves were tapped and
yielded' simp that sold 'for $4.00 a
gallon. Revelation of the potential
value of the. groves Induced the own
ers to plan more extensive operations
for this spring. - - : -K'
Base -Ball Players Leave;
-J h IWweek no less than
,: V7 miftU,'iil mwruome k
i 1 1 mm m w5 min r r w m. -
These husky youths are Ernest Shore,
East Bend; Charles L. WoodalL Jr.
Raleigh; Bun Hearn, Chapel Rill; Lee
Meadows, Oxford; - Prank' Davis, Wil
son's Mill ;' Buck Burrus, Beaufort ;
George Whltted, Durham ; Tim Mur-
ville." These are the clavers "whom
Tar Heels will watch as they form
their career in the highest baseball
company. " . -. :-y :.
Back to Germany to Wed. .
Washington (Special.) A romance
of considerable Interest to North Car
olinians became public here when
Miss Mary Morris Ambler, well known
society girl of Winston-Salem, ai
plied for and obtained permission from I
General March, Chief of Staff of the
Army to return to occupied part of
Germany in order that . she might
marry an American officer, a West
Point graduate of two years, who M
now with the American army abroad.
The Winston-Salem young woman
has been back only a short while. . -
Meetings at Junaluska. v
The summer program for the South-
Methodist assembly grounds at
Lake Junaluska, near Wayne sville,
has been announced, the first meet
ing to take place June 25. when the
older boys camp conference, convenes.
Boys from all sections of the south
will be in attedance and during the
summer season it is estimated that at
least 40,000 people will visit the as
sembly grounds. 4 -
Pardoned By Governor.
Thomas Williams, who was sentenc
ed to three years on the county chain
gang for forgery, received his pardon
from Governor BicketL He had selrv
ed about 30 d, ays of his sentence when
the county physician recommended
that he -be pardoned as he could be
of no -use to the county. "He has
tuberculosis. - -
To Attend Traffic Conference. .
Washington. (Special) A commit
tee of 15 from the Southern Traffic
league will join m a body the Foreign
Trade conference of the South At
lantic states. -
They will co-operate with the man
ufacturers, producers shippers and
commercial bodies throughout the
four South Atlantic states of North
Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and
Young Celebrates Anniversary.
v Insurance Commissioner James R.
Young, celebrating his 20 years as
commissioner, entertained in the de
partmental offices several -hundred
visitors .representing all sections of
The commissioner, who will not run
in the 1920 primary, made no an
nouncement of his retirement and it
is not Improbable that he will serve
out his official days. '
In hia. incumbency the office has be
come a great revenue maker and this
year raised $650,000. It Is the clear
ing house for fire prevention and has
made that one of its biggest features.
It has prosecuted 2.006 violation and
convicted 300 of burning property.
Colleae Cadets Commended
The review and inspection of the
State College cadets recently by an
officer of the Southeastern Depart-'
nt w: hfarhlv Satisfactory. Com-
IUvU : " o -
mendatory report of the officer has
been received by Dr." W. C. Rlddlck
fr?m Malor General -Henry G. Snarpe.
In a letter to President Riddick
Ian Aral KhaTDfl SaVSt t
u v v. .. .
""The authorities of the educational
in thta . cramtrv. have a
irrave responsibility. In that they are
'L'-im. 'fftr thAr training - of our
young men to be good Americans. ;
r.Alteae Men Real Worker.
ThA office of the Alumni. Secretary
of the North Carolina State CoTiege
imnnent of State
auou:. w. -,.f.; -nt
CoUege students during the ; present
lleea vear.Some interesung ?6ur
have been brought to lights It was
found that -175imen, or about ,17 per
nt the total enrollment, had
mtAiT. 114.500 since
earnea ; .
a in the fall. In the ma
lority f cases, these men have been
enabled to continue their studiea only
through: the abiUty to" earn mwc,.
wiiiMiii"Pww6iMOTiiiMwgmyfc -r. r,i .... i .f.TT. . "-i')n"N ni-ri 'll I ...
r " " "''' " r"' n. M v i mnniDimiL.iiiir- c inumi i mm h
imi r f s .
v' TTTT: f ' . ax
NE of the greatest drawbacks
of a forester's profession - is
that he rarelyj lives ; long
enough to see the results of
his labors. This is particularly the
case in ..India, where a forest officer
hardly ever ; remains more than five
years In one division. And 7 what is
five years in the life of a tree 7 But
with bamboos it Is different, for the
shoots attain their full dimensions in
the course of a few months and are
ripe, for felling after three years, says
It is this that makes
the bamboo one of the most interest
ing species the Indian forest, officer
has to deal with, for he can literally
, watch its growth a'nd observe - with
certainty the results of his care and
In many places, where distance
from the market : makes it valueless
for export, the bamboo is still looked
upon as a weed cumbering up the
ground beneath more valuable forest
trees. But elsewhere it is one of the
most valuable forest products. In
deed, few forests in India can show
a net revenue of . nearly a pound an
acre per annum, which is what is now
being derived . from the. ' Hoshiarpur
bamboo forests in the Punjab. These
two forests Karnpur and Bindraban
situated at the eastern end of the
Siwaliks, overlooking the 1 Beas river
as It passes from the hills into" the
plains, cover altogether an area of
6,000 acres, of which nearly 4,000
acres comprise almost pure bamboo.
- Bamboo Cutting. .:
For many yearsrthese forests were
worked on what is kaown as the "roy
alty" system. :, That is to say, each
year the right of felling was put "up
to tender, the wculd-be purchasers
offering to fell a minimum number
of stems during th" season and paying
for the same at a fixed rate per hun
dred for each class of bamboo, the
classification being, made according to
size. The large bamboo traders of
the Punjab are, however, all more or
less closely connected with one an
other. Many of them are Intimately
related, and they made It their busi
ness to Insure that there was little or
no competition for the contract Year
after year they offered the same rates,
and the number of stems they agreed
to -fell was never more than that for
which they already had an assured
market They were woefully lacking
in enterprise; and took no steps to
create a larger market for their-prod-ucef
In : consequence nothing ap
proaching the full possible turn-out
was ever, obtained from these forests
under the royalty system, and while
the more accessible portions, were con
tinually overf elled, the outlying tracts
were hardly ever touched L
Taken Over by Government.
It 'was decided, thereforer that- as
soon as the necessary labor and trans
port arrangements could belmade, the
department should "take -over the en
tire exploitation of these forests. A
beginning was made In departmental
working' during the winter of 1917-18,
and the success which has followed
has far more than justified the change
of policy, for .during, the last three
I! 1 . b & I
Im. iii 4
. . - .v.'.v.'a
to the Kallhead.
years the revenue obtained from these
two forests has j Increased" fourfold,
while the actual net amount now re
ceived tor every hundred bamboos
Is more than double- what was previ
ously paid by way of royalty.
In the Punjab the felling season for
bamboos is a comparatively short
one. Operations do not commence
much before October arid have to be
completed by the end of January, al
though another month's work can be
got In between May 15 and June 15.
There are thus only five months in the
year In which fellings can be made,
the reason being that stems felled at
any- other time of the year are very
liable to be attacked; by the bamboo
borer, a small insect which eats away
the Inside of the stem and renders It
useless for 'anything. . To fell more
than . a million stems during five
montns requires, however, a large
amount ot. labor. Fortunately, there
1 a fairly large, local DODulation In
the neighborhood of these forests who,
being for the most part agriculturists;
have little to do In their fields during
the winter months. When the work
is in full swing as many as 300 "br 400
men are employed on felling alone. -How
the Bamboo Is Handled. "
For felling a primitive form of bill
hook Is x used, which Is exeremely use
ful for getting among the crowded
stems at the base of the clump, though
in unskillful hands a great deal of
damage may be done to other shoots
In the-clump. The bamboos, having
been felled, are next roughly dressed
of their side shoots and tops, and are
then tied Into bundles of five, ten or
twenty, according to size. For the
time being -these bundles are thrown
out on the compartment lines, but at
the close of the day's work are collect
ed together and carried on the coolies
heads to the forest depots. Here those
which "are to be manufactured, that is,
fired and straightened, are; put on one
side, while the "others which . 'are jto
be marketed green are loaded into
carts and sent off to the sale depot
at the railhead. . .
Making up the green bamboos Into,
maybe, tent-poles or lance staves la
by far the most interesting part of
the work in these bamboo forests.
The first stage in making up is care
fully to clean off air the knots. This
is .usually done by ; a gng of small
boys armed with sharp adzes. They
soon become clever at this work and
rarely spoil a bamboo by making a
bad shot and damaging the skin. : The
poles are then cut to length, according
to the purpose for which they, are re
quired, and handed over to the skilled
workmen, known as kamaggars, for
straightening. Each pole is now put
through a hot wood fire. This not
only makes it supple, but also gives
it a rich brown color, and. by melting
the dlrty waxjr-coverlng gives it a
clean and hlghIy, pollshed appearance.
After this all curves are removed by
bending the stem with some force In
an" opposite direction. The j Instru
ments used for this are either an up
right pole planted in the ground, with
slanting holes bored through It to take
the bamboos, or a small .implement
held in the, hand, which is used only
for small stems and delicate work,
such as lance staves. -
Loyal to Her Church.
Shortly f after the birth of Liberty
bonds, the principle of them was "be
ing explained to a group of people
around a first Liberty loan ; booth,
After the explanation of the fact that
they earned SW per cent Interest,
were nontaxable, etc., the solicitor con
tinued These bonds are Issued in
all denominations. ' "
A woman in the rear of the crowd,
who had been hesitating for sometime,
then stepped to the front, saying: T11
sign up for a hundred-dollar Baptist
bondln .- ' - : . .
Fleeting Glimpse. .
"You will be able to see Mr. Bilton
Is a few minutes. said-the private
secretary. . " - " :
. 'Thanks, replied the "persistent vis
itor. "As Mr. Bilton is a man of such
large affairs, I was afraid I would not
be able to getan Interview so easily."
MOh, Mr: Bilton wllKbe leaving fpi
the golf - links. He told me to tell you
to take a good look at him as he passec?
ouC" Birmingham Age-Herald,
MIOTIIEB GREAT AUTO SHOW
Raleigh Chamber of" Com me roe and
Automotive Association have near
ly Completed plana for Exposition
Raleigh The "joint committee of
Ihe Raleigh Ctamber of Commerce
and Raleigh Automobile Association
having ln charge the direction of the
Carolina1 Automotive Exposition to be
held here from April 12 to 17th .wera
again in session. f -! 7
Plans were adopted for the-etate-
wfilA ftvnf viUK -htIti v..ia t aju. I
Interest of motordom in North Caro
lina and Mr. Harry Lee wUl leave for
Norfolk to make comniete. arranra.
menta for the nammonth tent which
will cover the exhibits and - make
other plans. " r'- ,
Washington, (Special) The census
bureau announced the imputation of
Charlotte, North Carolina, 46,318 per
sons. . ' . ' :..
y. Compared with 1910, the new figures
tshow increases of 12,304 persons,, ot
36 per cent. : '
Charlotte during the decade 1900-
1910; increased its population 88 per
cent. Tne 1910 populaUon was 34,014
and the:i900, population was 18.0SL .
Winston-Salem Mrs. Boner, widow
of the late John Henry Boner, alwell
known poet and literary manIdied at
a hospital here, aged 76. -
Raleigh, The movement for a hand
some Moose . Temple in Raleigh' was
launched r at the annual meeting of"
the local Moose when officers .were
elected f or Jhe ensuing year.
Asheville, Another thrilling chap
ter was added to the riot which oc
curred in Saluda, Polk county, be
tween white and negro men, in which
seceral were shot, when prohibition
agents from Asheville raided an illicit
still near Saluda and captured Sam
Rocky Mount, Sales of tobacco on
the local market for the last season
amounted to 21,442,014 pounds for the
preceding season.. The average for
the eason of 1918-19 was $36.24 while
the ' average for the last season was
Shelby, On account of the preval
ence of . the epidemic, of the Influenza,
the First Baptist church of Shelby s
telegraphing the state officials of the
woman's missionary union of the Bap
tist convention to postpone the an
nual meeting scheduled to be held in
Shelby March 23.
Kinston, In : addition to the Export
Leaf Tobacco Company, which has se
cured a permit for a $30,000 extension
at its plant in North KinstonT several
other tobacco factories and possibly
warehouses here will undergo en
largement of quarters or. equipment
Monroe, Governor Bickett' hat
been invited to visit Monroe on
March 27 and present the memorials
awarded by the French . government
to the next of kin of American sold
iers who made the supreme sacrifice
for freedom during the late war.
Gastonia, No announcement of re
cent months has aroused so much In
terest as' that just made of the pur
chase by Col. C. B. Armstrong' and
A. G. Myers, of Gastonia, of the entire
capital stock of the High Shoals com
pany, one of the best known and
most up-to-date cotton mills of the
state. 5" ' ' x : -
Wake Forest Sweaters were pre
sented at the chapel hour to the mem
bers of the 1919 football team -who
had won the right to wear the big
W.' nine men, who played on .the
team for the first time last fall, wero
given letters, and seven others, who
had won their letters on "previous
teams, were given stars:
Miss Mamie Lynch, a
professional nurse who has been on
duty- at" the emerg enqy hospital, has
now become whole time city nurse.
Her - services have ' been secured
through the joint co-operation of the
city, the Red - Cross . and the Metrc
poltian Life Insurance company. -
Hotel to Cost $1,000,000.
Winaton-Salem, The H. L. Stevens
Company, of Chicago, was awarded
the contract to erect Wiston-Salem's
million dollar hoteL-The building com-
mlttee has also leased the property
for a term of twenty years to David
Omstead, of Cleveland, Ohio, a widely
known -hotel man. According tothe
lease the stockholders will receive sx
per cent Interest on the ground and
seven per cent on the building. The
building committee, contractor 'and
lessee will work out plans and details
of the contract"
No Case Against School Principal "
Greensboro, The case against N.
F. Farlow, principal of one- of the
graded schools of the city, charged
with admlhsterlng, too severe punish
ment to one of his pupils was .ordered
.dismised'by Squire E. F. Paschal,
and the prosecution taxed- with the
costs. -The case was 'brought against
the teacher by J. J. Gillis who alleged
that his 10-year-old son had been un
mercifully beaten with a stick by
Professor Farlow.- ' A heated argu
ment was heard by the squire, both
I sides being represented by counseL V
BEGIN FIGHT ON T; B " FIOTj
- - " '
Every Live Stock Owner Shoe&3
Boost Campaign Inaugurated to
.'w Eradicate Tuberculoela. 1. :
(Prepared Ty the United States Depaxt
a ' ment of Agriculture.) - . .
Live stock owners are earnestly
quested not: to wait until the stzA
and federal- government come- Lnt
their localities to eradicate tubercs
losls. It would not be possible indeedL
at this stage to undertake to eradicate
tuberculosis from the live, stock of the
United States solely through organized
official forces established by : the
spective states and the 'federal
ernmefit The area-over which tubet?
culosls has . spread Is. too vast tbc
herds too numerous, and funds
Insufficient; for conducting the
on so extensive a' plan even thoos.
trained veterinarians 'were available
In sufficient numbers to do the worfc.
Every live-stock owner should be
party to this campaign which hast beem
inaugurated to eradicate - tuberculosis.
In almost every locality of the Unite!
States are veterinarians ..capable, of
rendering v valuable services to livev
stock owners in this great work, anA
the cost jof eradicating is greatly re
duced by combating the disease In Its?
early stages. Yet even in badly af
fected herds eradication can be under
taken with success. There are records
of many herds, In which three-fourtta
Bull in Advanced Stage
of the animals were affected with tu
berculosis, which eventually were
freed from it and afterwards main
tained in a healthy condition.
FISH BY-PRODUCTS FOR HOGS
Bureau of Animal Industry Is Making.
Teats of Material as Protein
Feed for Swine.
f" Co-operating with the bureau of fisb
'erles, the bureau of animal Industry T'
the United States department of agri
culture is making tests of fishery by
products as hog feed. For-, several!
years these bureaus have been study
ing the use of fish meal as a proteta'
feed for swine and tne proauct nas
been found equal to high-grade tanfe
age, of which the supply. Is inadequate. -
During the last fiscal year a new prod
uct known as shrimp bran was stnd
led. The result of tests with It as
compared with fish meal were favora
ble, the remainder of the ration be
ing shelled corn and middlings.
PUREBRED HOGS PROFITABLE
-' - -----
At Least Twice as Much Should Col
Realized From Breeding' Steele -as
Those for Market
Purebred hogs of any of the well
known breeds are more profitable than
grades. As. at least twice as mucfx
should be realized from, the sale cZ
breeding stock as from market hogs.
The purebreds also are generally, bet
ter -feeders than the grades. . That I
they "will make better gains for tb .
RIGHT AGE TO BREED GILTS-
Some Breeders Wait Until Animal Isr,
Fourteen, Months OloV-AIm fop
Two Litters Yeariy.
Some breeders prefer not to breetl
a gilt until she Is about fourteca. .
f months oldso that her first Utter fc
producedlwhen she Is approximately
eighteen months of age, and she t
then bred to farrow every six montrrs.
THREE STOCK FUNDAMENTALS
Feeding, Breedingand Care Are Cij.
Factors in Production of Ant- -mals
.. The three fundamentals In live-stocfc
production are feeding, breeding and
care, with a. strong emphasis on feed-7
ing, because good." feeding builds tlie
framework, produces good show anX-,
mals and makes good records. , .
DANGER IN STANDIFJG VATEV
mmmmmmMmmmmmmmmmm "" '
Sheep and Cattle Should Be Kepi.
Away From Stagnant Pool on "
Account of Disease Germs. -
- " ., - - - " , .. "
- Standing: water ;should never be ml-
lowed to remain where sheep and cat- ' ;
tie can get. free access to it as Or
always has some kind of disease bree&- .;
Ing germs In - it fuid results In Cr
toss of stock occasionally. "