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:lt TWO '
-f CARTERtT COtWlV.KfW9-Tnrts:AUr0jT AND MOSAft (Jtt. M. G
:d Killer Residue in Spray Rigs
Damages Ilany Tobacco Plant Beds
t By Howard It Garriss
Extension Plant Pathologist
North Carolina State College
Fortunately there are many
things in this world of ours which
are extremely useful as long as
they ire "kept in their place." And
among these fine things are fire,
water, and chemical weed killers.
1, Quite a number of tobacco
growers this year have learned
the hard way that 2,4-D weed kill
er, under certain conditions, is
definitely out of place in tobacco
Most of the trouble liom 2,4-D
injury in tobacco plant beds has
com about in this way: A few
days after the bed had been spray
ed for blue mold control the to
bacco plants began to show very
abnormal growth and appearance.
As one grower expressed it, "My
tobacco Dlants turned to mullein."'
(Mullein is a weed with leaves
shaped somewhat like those of to
bacco. However, it posses a thick
ness, wooljness, and other quali
ties which make it undesirable as
a substitute for cigarette tobacco.
The injury left the leaves with
ruffled rather than smooth mar
gins. The leaves wTe of various
shapes and sizes, generally nar
rower than the leaves of healthy
plaits. The midvein was abnormal
ly large and noticeably crooked.
Sometime! the plants were ra
ther "long shanked," standing up
above normal plants. Root growth
was poor. Many plants were final
ly killed, and those that survived
cculd not be expected to recover
completely. Affected plants could
not be used for transplanting, and
the beds were abandoned.
In most cases the trouble was
traced to the use of spray equip
ment in which 2,4-D weed killer
had formerly been used. In other
cases, barrels and cpntajners in
which 2,4-D had previously been
mixed were used in preparing the
blue mold spray.
There were a number of cases
last year where sprayer, previous
ly used for applying 2,4-D damaged
tomatoes and other garden crops.
Sometimes vegetables have been
damaged where 2,4-D was sprayed
on weeds close by. The spray mist
drifted over onto these plants an:i
caused serious injury.
This article is not intended to
discourage the use of chemical
weed killers. The recent scientific
development in weed control with
2 41) (short for 2.4-dichlorophe-noxyacetic
acid) should be a big
DuOii to agriculture. However, in
usi;ig this material growers should
be certain that it gets into the
While all precautions cannot be
mentioned here, these suggestions
will help in avoiding misuse of the
1. Have separate sprayers or
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BEAUFORT, N. C.
dusters for applying 2,4-D to weeds
and for applying fungicide! or in
secticides to crops. 9
2. Have separate containers for
mixing 2,4-D spray and for mixing
fungicidal or insecticidal sprays.
The 2,4-D material is very difficult
to wash out of equipment and con
tainers. Minute traces of tiiis ma
terial, when left in equipment or
containers, are enough to cause
serious injury to some crops. Some
manufacturers suggest '.cleaning
sprayers in which 2,4-D has been
used with ammonia solutions. How
ever, it is probably safer to have
3. When applying 2,4-D to weed
patches or in fields of grain near
broad-leaved crops, be sure to
catch the wind the right way. Keep
the chemical from drifting toward
4. Follow all other precautions
recommended by manufacturers
and agricultural authorities.
For detailed information on the
use of 2,4-D for weed control and
necessary precautions, request Ag
ronomy Information Circular No.
146, "2,4-D and Its Use or Weed
Control," from the Department of
Agronomy, N. C. State College,
State Pig Production
Shows Decrease This Year
RALEIGH North Carolina hog
growers farrowed fewer sows and
produced a slightly smaller crop
of spring pigs this year than last,
according to an estimate by Ray
a. converse, crop reporting spe
cialist with the North Carolina and
U. S. Departments of Agriculture.
The estimate, based on a survey
recently made by rural mail car
riers, indicated that 130,000 sows
were farrowed during the first six
months of this year, as compared
with 134.000 last year and a 10
year (1937-46) average of 126,000.
Heaviest farrowings, or slightly
more than 61 percent, were dur
ing February, March and April.
Pics saved per litter were ud
slightly over last year but the in-1 Beer Vital for Steel Mills
crease was not sufficient to offset
the dron in the number of sows
farrowed. The total number of pigs
saved was placed at 819,000 this
spring as compared with 831,000
for tht same period last year.
List of Fcods
Plentiful in July
Late -crop Irish potatoes will be
"a good food buy through all July,"
luscious, viUmip-rich tomatoes
running a close second in the fresh
vegetable field, the Production and
Marketing administration has an
nounced. In listing the foods expected to
be it) most plentiful supply in the
coming month, the U. S. Depart
ment of Agriculture points out
that Irish potatoes the month's
"star',' among plentiful! yield
both food energy and important
minerals and vitamins, as well as
a little protein. As for tomatoes,
USDA nutritionists list fhem as
very important suppliers of vita
min C, with generous amounts of
Vitamin A also.
Cantaloups, oranges, and lemons
also are listed among the fresh
foods expected to be plentiful
throughout July. Other foods on
he list include the following can
ned products: Peas, pumpkin,
iweet potatoes, tomato juuice, to
mato catsup, tdmato paste, tomato
puree, apples, apple .sauce, apple
iuice; orange, grapefruit and
blended citrus juices; grapefruit
segments, and fresh prunes (pur
Other foods on the July list of
olentifuls include fruit spreads,
honey, peanut butter, both fresh
and frozen fish and eggs.
In addition, USDA said, sup
plies of frozen peas should be re
latively plentiful in the coming
month on many markets. Broilers
and fryers also are expected to be
tn the relatively plentiful class,
and at reasonable prices, compared
with competing protein foods.
If North Carolina farmers carry
out present intentions, Converse
said,, fall farrowings will be re
duced even more. He estimated
that 104,000 sows would be farrow
ed during the last half of this year
as compared with 109,000 farrow
ed during the corresponding time
last year and a 10-year average of
LONDON (AP) Manganese
may be useful in steel making, but
beer is essential. Councillor George
Brown, secretary of the Rother
ham, Yorkshire Trades Council,
wrote Food Minister Strachey:
"Send us more beer or steel output
will fall." Steel workers on hot
jobs near the furnaces take beer
to work in their tea cans. Many
drink eight pints a day. Cuts in
sugar for brewing are responsible
for beer shortages.
vj 'v -taey: .Tat? its 1 ,ar Wn ll1 Vj
Because news was late in ar
riving, fighting was styi going on
in Louisif na 59 dayo after the
signing of the treaty which ended.
the war of 1812 between the Uhb
cA Until an1 tfnaloiul H' .'
The life span of
patent is 17 years.
Central Andes Indians
Eeceive Pay in Leaves '
CHICAGO Indians of the cen
tral Andes sometimes receive part
of their wages in leaves. ' -
The Pesloge Peruvian Botanical
Expedition of the; Chicago Natural
History Museum, returning after
studying cultivate plants in the
vtlleys of Peru, reports that the
cocaine plant is grown in terraced
valleys about 5,000 feet above sea
level. The Indians pick the leaves
by hand, pressing them into bales
for shipment. The custpm of chew
ing cocoa leaves is so common, said
Dr. Hugh C. Cutler, curator of
Economic Botany at the Museum,
that most haciendas pay part w
an Indian's wages in Cocoa leaves.
An alkali, usually ashes or lime
mixed with clay, is added to the
quid, for without it there is little
effect. Members of the expedition
report that this' practice is similar
to the use of ashes of lime with
betel nut in the western Pacific
Some prospectors have sunk
prospecting oil wells more than 20
miles off land in the Gulf of Mexico.
Falcons strike their prey with
Closed talons, catching the dead
or stunned victim in air as it plum-
fl because it's brewed withtt
pre Filtered Water! 1
ei ,? fjt ,tisi.
FMDAxV JttT . mt '
i i.ii 'i hi 4 ir
0!3 stop ron everything! i
GROCERIES FRESQ HEATS
HOT DOCS HAMBURGERS
TEXACO GAS & OILS
BEER SOFT DRINKS SANDWICHES
ATLAIITIC BEACH GROCERY
Intersection of Atlantic Beaeh & Fort Macon Roads
There's superlative flavor and absolute
uniformity in tvtry drop of Nimar
Frawlasi Urn, keciuM It's browed
wita mountain-pun, spring-fresh water.
In betttet end cent.
caerca umm to. m.. run. n. r.
Mohn Distributing Co.
Phone New Bern 3129
New Bern, N. C.
You Probably Wouldn't Hiss....
an eighth of an inch ol soil washed ,oH
such a field in a year. Bui if that much
soil from one acre of land were'silted inlo
your drainage dilch it would fill 114 feet
of dilch twp feet wide and two feel deep.
Ask your District Supervisor for as
sistance in working out a complete '
soil conservation plan for your farm.
FIRST -CITIZEIIS BANK
& TRUST C0I1PAIIY
MEMBER FEDERAL DEPOSIT, INSURANCE CORPORATION
Th revolutionary NEW Ford It on display in
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we've ever sold, this completely different NEW Ford
In your futurel
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Ship Rfcfe il y(M rid, the level
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fef extra comfort, .
with 25 more braking
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e dime, at a Np-toe touch. That's
one of the reasons it's e sweet
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"PidbJtt WlnrfowYtf blibf
. . . fnore than 20 square feet
of glass, to make driving lots
pleaaanter and safer. Even the
rear window is windshield bigl
Let wt show you. ,
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ihould we Ml
you ' about
them? Come In and find out how
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teioYcur Order MOW IVifhYour Friendly Ford Dealer
7, ..-.. nise- utuctA
pill nfKtt a7lTCU'"' . l'TTf,!,W,w,,rs'lT'1
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1 I I 'II' I I r MM W I
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