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CAMTLZZt COUNTY NEWS-TL..L3, LAVFLZt AXD LvZAO CITT. N. &
PAG J A .
Three Safety Measures
In Pressure Cooking
One manufacturer of pressure
4 Cookers has spent considerable
money In consumer publications on
the theme of "Safety in Pressure
Cookers." It is not our purpose
here to determine whether such
advertising is good or bad. Intead,
by presenting certain fundamen
tals of this problem, we will try
to aid home economics editors in
making an intelligent approach to
f o n . . . 11 1 .
'. uur ou years experience, in mis
industry have taught us that acci
dents occurring from the use of
pressure cookers have all fallen in
to one of three general classifica
tions: 1. A gradual increase in pres
sure 2. Opening the cooker before
pressure has been reduced to
' 3. Allowing cooker to go dry
No serious accident has ever oc
curred or will occur from any of
these three causes if the cooker is
properly designed to prevent them.
It is highly important that houser
wives be informed on this subject
of "Triple Safety" and how they
may make certain that all three
types of accidents will be avoided.
The most obvious reason for ac
cidents is that the pressure inside
'the cooker gradually increases un
til an explosion results. As a safe
guard against this type accident,
a safety device of some sort is put
on every kind of pressure cooker
made. This safety device is usual
ly a weight-loaded, or a spring
loaded valve. In the early years
of the industry, the weight-loaded
valve was in general use. Around
1928 or 1929 it lost favor because
it was difficult to clean and to
adjust, ilowever, during and after
the war, as new makes of pressure
cookers appeared on the market,
new variations of this same device
were used, and were sold as new.
Since most valves, whether
weight or spring loaded, have a
relatively small opening, tt is
j conceivable that they get clog
ged with food that is cooked in
the cooker. Consequently, many
manufacturers have added a sec
ondary safety device in the form
of a blow-out plug as a protec
tion against acidents in case the
safety valve becomes clogged.
Blow-out plugs have been design
ed in two general ways: One is a
rubber plug that is inserted into
an opening in the cooker. When
too much pressure is built up in
side the cooker, the rubber plug
blows out, letting the pressure es-
cape. The other device is a plug
made of a soft metal with a low-
melting point. When the tempera
ture inside tne cooker gets to a
certain level, the plug automatic
ally blows out. The first of these
secondary devices is based on' the
principle ui iuu uiutii yicuuic,
( Call on us today if
I you want informs
lion on Killing boats
for charter or an or
dor of dressed fish,
m m w m
metes your nifitel
-tEJ ) NO FINER COLA
n 3 t7"JfZ1 & i ' rou i ouncii
Bottled by: Greenville Bottling Co, GreeawlIIe, N. C.
Under appointment from PepslCola Company, N. Y
-'V- T. Jiljj.' ssi-fiyitJSji'tfbiwv;
and the second, on too much temperature.
Openinng Before Pressure Is Zero
This accident probably causes
more damage to the operator than
any other because the operator is
right there when the accident oc
curs. This type accident often
results because the operator thinks
the pressure is zero, or has forgot
ten that there is pressure inside
the cooker.. Many reports of ac
cidents show that the operator had
removed the weight loaded valve.
This should indicate that the pros
sure is at zero. However, if the
valve is clogged, or if there is no
pressure gauge on the cooker, the
cooker may be opened by mistake.
Such an action is similar to hold
ing a bomb and setting it off in
Several manufacturers have in
stalled the cover of their cooker in
such a manner that it is impos
sible to take it off while pressure
is still in the cooker. One manu
facturer has a sealing device that
allows pressure to escape faster
than the operator can open the
Cooker. This escape is handled in
a safe, controlled manner.
Explosion within Cooker
An accident of this type will not
occur as often in the 'four quart,
everyday cooker as it will in the
larger, cannertype cooker. This
kind of accident occurs when the
cooker goes dry, allowing the tem
perature in the cooker to rise
above 240 or 250 degrees as achiev
ed with 10 and 15 pounds pressure
The temperature will usally attain
the height it reaches in an oven
As the temperature increases, the
pressure of the water inside the
glass jar or tin can continues to
increase. Finally it reaches a point
where it explodes.
inis someiimcs results in a
chain of explosions as the other
containers in the cooker explode
too. As the liquid in the can or
jar released by the explosion
touches the dry, hot walls of the
cooker, it is instantly converted
into steam. When you realize that
water expands 1600 times as it
is converted into steam, you can
realize the pressure that is built up
CHOICE OF COLE BROS. CIRCUS
Mange cues thought hopeless re
sponded to new formula 64 Pene
trating vegetable oils with IMPORT
ED CLAY. DOGS: Heals mjr mtnge,
moist or dry eczema and promotes
hair 'growen 'or VeAir1 moifer htrkj
LIVESTOCK! Sore head on POUL
TJM Hlf AfftN USE; Positive relief
for dandruff itchv scalp, drv falling
hair. At drug and feed stores or write
Happy lack, Inc., Dept. W, Snowtlill,
N.G 10 oc. 11.30, 24 oa. ). Postpaid,
AT ANY PRICE
linen i jjpriLrX.
DANGER! An ope., drawer In
a filing cabinet invites disas
ter to the office workers.
inside the qooker and what a tre
mendous explosion occurs.
It was a surprise to this office
to find that none of the cookers
tested by the Underwriters lab
oratory had been tested with (his
particular accident in mind. The
testers at the laboratory had not
even thought of this-kind of ac
cident. While this type accident isn't
necessarily as dangerous to the
operator, who is usually out of iho
room when it occurs, it docs cause
more damage to the house, the
stove, and to the surrounding
equipment than any other kind of
Home economics editors, and
other advisers would do well to
urge a more complete examination
of any pressure cooker, as well as
statements of the manufacturer re
garding its safely devices before
the cooker is purchased.
Glider Record Set
LOCARNO, Switzerland (AP)
f A new altitude record for Swiss
gliders has been established over
the Magadino plain here. Glider
pilot Karl Ruckstuhl of Zurich un
htfoked from a powered craft ;it
200 meters altitude and his glider
attained a total altitude of 4,1100
ARMOUR'S WHITE LABEL
I aT TrjS
SLICED BACOH, lb
MAYONNAISE Salad Treat 16-oz.
Pictsveel Peas, 2 no. 2 cans 31c
Whitehouse, 2 no. 303 cans 23c
Grape Juice (refreshing) pi bo! 19c
C S Tomatoes, no. 2 1-2 can ... 31c
STRONCHEABT Dog Ftod, 2 15 3-4 or cans . 21c
CLOBOX BLEACH (For Whiter Clothes) qt hot. 20c
Lux Flakes, Ige. pkg. 36c
Lifebuoy Soap, cake 10c
Lax Soap 10c
P B 0 D P CE
U. S. NO. 1 HILEY BELLE
U. S. NO. 1 YELLOW
FRESH AND TENDER
CORN on COD
6 ears 30c
i HOME GROWN GREEN
2 Lbs. 23c
For, Brides: There Are High! Hays
To Tarn Out the 'Family' Laundry
By Ruth Current i
State Home Demonstration Agent
Recipe for Clean Clothes: 1 load !
soiled clothes, lukewarm water for
soaking, hot water (soft or soften
ed), 1 to 2 cups soap, 1 hot rinse,
1 lukewarm rinse, 1 Cold rinse,
starch (if desired). , Soak clothes
15 mintcs in lukewarm water with.
or without soap depending on how!
soiled they are. Fill washing ma
chine or tubs of hot, soft water,
add enough soap for two-inch
standing suds. If you have no ma
chine, use n plunger to agitate
the clothes, then boil five to 15
Wring clothes from soaking wa
ter and put in washing machine
(or tub if no machine is avail
able) and wash five to 15 minutes.
Rinse in hot. soapy water, then in
lukewarm water and finally in
cool water, using plenty of water.
Omit Ironing If you Wish: Turk
ish towels are Vnorc absorbent if
not ironed. Most nylon garments
dry with a very satisfactory finish
and do not require ironing. Dty
seersucker pnrmcnts on hangers,
smoothing end shaping while wet,
then only seams need be pressed.
Stretch curtains, if possible, antl
press hems only. Some busy home
makers press only the hems of
sheets to save time and ironing
Moisture and What it Means to
Ironing: The more brittle the fi
ber, the more moisture it requires.
Thus linens and cottons require
considerable moisture while other
fibers need less.
Remember, moisture must pene
trate the fabric evenly or finish
will be blotchy rough or smooth,
shiny and dull. Just enottgh mois
ture must be used to make the
fiber pliable if fiber is too wet it
slows down ironing. Some authori
ties recommend thaf such fabrics
as silks and rayons be ironed when
partially dry, rather than dried
completely and then dampened. If
moisture is distributed evenly,
however, thesp fabrics seem to fi
nish satisfactorily when dried and
dampened. Many of the lighter
weight spun rayons needn't be
dampened at all, as the dry fabric
irons very satisfactorily. .
Ironing may be detrimental to
Above Effective Thro Hex!
Silver Dos!, Ige. pkg. 37c
Binso, Ige. pkg. 36c
Wesson Oil pl. boL .. 53c
PENDER GUARANTEED HEATS
SIRLOIN T-BONE -I CLUB PORTERIIOVSE
STEAKS (Baby Bcel) lb. 89c
JUICY BABY BEEF ,
Chuck Roast, lb 65c
BABY BEEF PLATE OR
Brisltel Stew Beei, lb ............... 41c
VEAL '.- y- 4
Shoulder Roast lb. .......L... ,55c
a few articles such as elastlcized
portions of garments, fabrics wa
terproofed with waxes, rubber or
other coatings which may melt
easily. Study labels of such arti
cles carefully for Ironing instruc
tions. Same knit garments may be
pulled out of shape by ironing.
Don't iron washable pile fabrics
such as chenilles or corduroys be
cause ironing will mat the pile.
Brush up the pile when thorough
Three C's for Salads: The ingre
dients for a fresh fruit or vege
table salad should be clean, crisp,
and cold. Salads should be served
with dressings that are not too
tart, too salty, nor too sweet.
To Improve a Ring Mold: To im
provise a salad ring mold to be
used in an emergency, grease the
outside of a jelly glass and place
it in the center of any deep baking
When cutting material in which
it is difficult to distinguish right
from wrong side, mark the wrong
side of each piece as it is cut with
a piece of chalk. This saves much
mental debate when it comes time
for each piece to be sewed.
Hard, dry marshmallows will be
come soft and pliable if placed,
uncovered, in the breadbox with
the bread for a few days.
To prevent sticky knives or scis
sors when cutting marshmallows or
fruit, rub the blades with butter;
or dip in hot water at frequent
Italy Has Sports Library
ROME (AP) More than 1,
000 books on Italian sports have
been collected here by I)r. Renato
Veschi of the new library of the
Italian National Olympic Commit
The library documents on Italian
sports for the last half century.
Books are classified both by sports
and by authors. The CONI has its
offices under the galleries of
Rome's National Stadium.
The Palomino breed of horse
was bred in California early in
tile nineteenth century.
Staley's Golden Syrup, 1 17 lb. 22c
Snowdrift Shortening, l ib jar. 46c
Waxtex Waxed Paper, 125 ft rl 25c
Krispy Crackers, l ib. pkg 25c
Obelisk Flour, If lbs. plain .. (9c
Slate Soils Capable
CI Prrjdncing Coed Corn
NORTH CAROLINA All sec
tions of it, from the highlands to
the sea can produce good corn
yields when recommended prac
tices are followed, according to Dr.
E. R. Collins, in charge of Exten
sion agronomy at State College.
Records of the 100-Bushel Corn
Club for 1947 indicate that good
corn production is not confined to
any particular area, Dr. Collins
said. Farmers in virtually every
county in the State were able to
qualify for membership in the club
last year by following approved
practices, he asserted.
Such widely scattered counties
as Currituck, Transylvanin, Union,
Forsyth and Pitt were among the
leaders in 100-Bushel Corn Club
membership last year, Dr. Collins
stated. He said Wake County led
the State with 66 farmers who
A&P HAS BUMPER CROPS OF SUMMER CROPS
CARROTS, 2 bunches 19c
ftROOKriFl n . .
A ItllllllU 111.
3 so. 42c
MILD & MELLOW
3 & 1.15
Sandwich Home Style
Or Regular Pan
1H Ub. af
,Tfc::3 Prices liko Apply T o Gzt Store In C:r:!:rl
produced 100 or more bushels of
corn per acre in 1947. Randolph
placed second with 30, McDowell
third with 29, and Buncombe and
Nash tied for fourth position with
Other leading counties were:
Alamance 21; Transylvania, 18;
Pasquotank, 17; Wayne, 15; Hen
derson, Currituck, Franklin, and
Durham, 14 each; Montgomery, 13;
Union, Yancey, Pitt, and Tyrell,
11 each; Forsyth, 10.
The agronomist said interest in
the 200 bushel corn contest for 19
48 is increasing each week as ad
ditional farmers enter the compe
tition. A total of $3,000 in prize
money is being offered.
Bears are near-sighted because
of their long-time habit of feed
ing with noses to the ground. Keen
senses of hearing and smell make
up for this deficiency.
Come pick your favorites from the wide
variety of steak -of -season offerings in the
treuli rruit and Vegetable Department of
your A&P Food Store, 'the festive
array of ripe, colorful fruits and young,
tender vegetables will really delirht you!
What'a more .everything's harvested fresh,
delivered fresh, and sold fresh. Retail?
Naturally, everything tastes better. Visit
your friendly AP Food Store today
for your share of Inviting values.
CABBAGE, I lbs.
LETTUCE, head .
Super-Right super values every day
EATS SUGAR 10 & 85c
IONA TOMATO ftj ' "
JUICE r,' 9c
lb; 73c flour io a &oc
CALIFORNIA LARGE DRIED
orange e 10c
001 ANN PAOI GELATIN DESSERTS
ANN PAGE SALAD
SUNNYFIELD CORN I
Whltt Hoosa Condenwd
Milk c 21c
2 "ctnl 27o
BALL or KERR
85c 2?. 1.15
JAR CAPS ......... 'ST 29c
CERTO ............. 24c
JAR RINGS l? 5c
PARRAFIN WAX 19c
Ann Page With ' O 19-Ox. OHii
Pork; & Tom. Sauca aj Cans ,tjtf
. . . 2"3? 25e
Chinese io Cnler ttziih
Bank Will Oepraie in Bio
RIO DE JANEIRO (AP) -
"China may soon start Imigration
to Brazil," says Dr. Quo Tai Chi,
new Chinese Ambassador to Bratil.
"China is ready to send immigrants
as soon as an agreement is reach
ed by both governments. We have
farmers who wish to come. Chinese
immigration would be very helpful
to develop this nation. The Chinese
are peaceful and hard working.
They get along easily and their
productivity stands high."
The Chinese ambassador says
the Chinese government will open
a bank here patterned on those
which already exist in New York
. The wild horse was blamed for
harming range land even more se
verely than sheep.
3 p' ?0c
2 Bart 2 It
m Ban 29c
2 - 23c
3 & lh-'
i 'us, .
, , 7V '
''' - '