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The Brunswick beacon. (Shallotte, N.C.) 19??-current, September 29, 1994, Page PAGE 5-B, Image 17

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October Is The Best Time To Overseed Your Lawn The best time of the year to over seed your lawn in eastern North Carolina is during October. Over seeding is the practice of planting and establishing annual cool-season grass in an established perennial warm-season grass. Overseeding should be used ONLY on healthy iawns. Fooi, weak or diseased iawns are likely to he injured by overseed ing. Centipedegrass, St. Augustinegrass and carpet grass can easily be damaged by heavy or routine overseeding. Bermudagrass and zoysiagrass can best tolerate overseeding. How ever, overseeding is stressful to any stand of warm-season grass and, un der the right spring and summer conditions, the entire underlying stand of perennial grass can be killed! The most common overseeded species is annual or Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) . Annual rye grass is inexpensive to plant, quick to germinate, tolerant to a wide spectrum of environmental and soil conditions and is rarely killed by winter cold in southeastern North Carolina. The seeding density is very important. A high seeding rate (10 to 20 pounds per 1.000 square feet) requires greater maintenance, is more prone to disease and insect problems, and can cause severe damage to the base stand of grass the following spring. A low seeding rate will not provide adequate cover age or aesthetic appeal An annual ryegrass seeding rate of 4 to 8 pearls of seed per 1 ,000 square feet is ade quate for most home lawns. For those of you that must seed your centipedegrass, St. Augustine grass. or carpctgrass lawns, use no more than 5 pounds of annual rye grass seed per 1 .000 square feet. The four steps to successful over seeding arc: proper seedbed prepara tion. good seed distribution and es tablishment. proper mowing, and rapid spring transition Seedbed Preparation Seed must be in firm contact with the soil or thatch layer for germina tion. Using a rotary mower, mow lawn on the lowest beight-of-cut set ting. This will result in a brown "scalped" lawn. Next, use a soft rake to gently scratch the soil surface and thatch Collect and compost any thatch or dead grass You are now ready to seed Improper see?fi>cd preparation can result in a weak, yellow, patchy stand of ryegrass Seeding Aad hstaMlshment Maximum stand uniformity is ac complished by using a centrifugal or drop-type spreader Apply half of the total seed in one direction and the second half of the seed in a di rection perpendicular to the first. I prefer to use a drop spreader around plant beds, walks or other garden structures because this minimizes the seed thrown in plant beds and produces a clean definition in the overseeded area. Immediately after seeding, drag a piece of old carpet ing over the seeded area in a large circular pattern This will help work the seed into the turf and distribute the seed evenly in the lawn. Plan to irrigate the lawn immedi ately after seeding. Three or four daily, brief (10 to 15 minutes) irriga tions will be required for at least 10 days to ensure a good, uniform ger mination of all seed. Mowing And Fertilization Plan to mow your overseed lawn when ryegrass is approximately 3 inches tall A dull mower will de stroy a new stand so be sure rotary or reel mower is sharp. Do not cut more than 30 percent of the leaf blade at any one mowing. For exam pic. SCi iTiOVr'Ci iC Cut gTSSS at 2 es if the height of the grass is 3 inch es. If a lower cut is desired, then plan to cut grass more frequently but never remove more than 30 percent of the leaf blade during a single mowing. Plan to fertilize your overseeded lawn after the second or third mow ing. Use 5 pounds of 10-10-10 or 8 8-8 quick -release fertilizer or 7 pounds of 16-4-8 slow-release fertil izer per 1.000 square feet. Annual ryegrass responds to frequent but low rates of nitrogen fertilizer. Remember, the objective of fertiliz ing your lawn is to maintain a uni form green color and not to grow enough grass to feed a dairy herd. Spring lYansition ALL STAR FLAGS 1-800-868-FLAG Flags ? Banners Pennants Holiday Flags & Banners Residential & Commercial Flagpoles Installation, too. FREE Catalog & Delivery [/~>tm 101 Aviators Lane OZJi Burgaw, NC 28425 Catherine Moore, Owner In mid-April and early May the base warm-season grass will be THE IPIANT DOCTOR C. BRUCE WILLIAMS Extension Arta Turf Specialist breaking dormancy and emerging from the soil. A heavy stand of rye grass can out-compete the warm season grass for nutrients and mois ture under certain environmental conditions. During this time, it is important to switch cultural prac tices to those that favor the warm SCdMJIl gldM. Reduce mowing height to 1 inch or less in Bermuda or zoysiagrass lawns. Reduce mowing height in centipede, carpet or St. Augustine grass lawns to the recommended mowing height for that species. Reduce or stop irrigation for several weeks. Warm-season grasses are quite tolerant to drought, but rye grass is not. Initiate the recommend ed fertility program for the warm season grass base. Hps For Managing Overseeded Lawns 5 Apply fertilizers only when grass is actively growing. Minimize the use of nitrate fertilizers. Use slow-release or organic sources of nitrogen when possible. Apply very low rates frequently, rather than heavy doses infrequently. ? Manage irrigation. An over seeded lawn requires a great deal more water than a dormant lawn. Plan on applying an average of one half-inch of irrigation water per week on a winter overseeded lawn. Excessive watering will cause dis ease problems. 3 Crasscyc'.e! Mow ryegrass fre quently and leave the clippings on the lawn. If clippings are bagged, then compost them. Grass clippings compost rapidly because they are loaded with nitrogen and potassium. ? Use integrated pest manage ment strategies to monitor and iden tify potential pest problems. DO NOT treat with insecticides, fungi cides, or herbicides unless you have a specific pest problem! ? Soil test. Now is a great time to send in soil samples. Soil analysis reduces excessive or unnecessary fertiliser implication Contact your local N.C. Cooperative Extension Service for free soil test boxes and forms. Send your gardening comments and questions to the Plant Doctor, PO Box 109, Bolivia NC 28422. DELI BAKERY 36 ITEM SALAD BAR Serving Breakfast 7:00 AM-10 AM Lunch 11 AM-2 PM torn am SHALLOTTE'S NEWEST & FINEST SUPERMARKET I; 754-3636 FAX 754-3673 OPEN DAILY 7:00 AM-1 0:00 PM ? PRICES EFFECTIVE SEPT. 28-OCT. 4 FRESH FRYER BRIGHT LEAF Leg Quarters) Smoked Picnics USDA WHOLE Sirloin Tip 149 1 0 LB. BAG LUNDY-S HOT OR MILD SLICED FREE W JIMMY DEAN Pork SausageO Vib. Sausage 1| ^ FROZEN Beef Liver LYKE'S TEE PEE Bacon 1 lb. pkg. f Jb Hot Dogsi2 oz. pkg. 109 IGA ib. Bologna lb. pkg. |39 |09 - SUPER LOW PRICES - EVERY DAY!!! 2-LltER MERITA OVEN GOLD Bread W BIG 1 1 4 LB. LOAF OUR FAMILY Millc ?99 'Wt. GAL. 12 PACK Pepsi or Diet Pepsi STARKIST 6% oz. Tuna HORMEL Chili w/beans 1 5 OZ. CAN MR. P Pizzas MARCAL 119 Bathroom I Tissue Big 8 pk COMET 2/*1 DINTY MOORE Bao# Cfau/ bigIh lbVcan |79 BRIGHT WATER OlA4^k /?_ ? UII |79 79* 8bgfl|% HOT FOODS-BAKERY GARDEN FRESH PRODUCE BREAKFAST SPECIAL Grits ? 2 Eggs Bacon ? Sausage Country Ham Biscuits ? Toast Coffee TUrkey Breast American Cheese Bread 3 2 1 99 lb. 99 lb. 49 ea. GOLDEN RIPE Bananas ICEBERG Lettuce 59 WHITE Ib. Potatoes 99< 5 LB. BAG SALE DATES SEPT/OCT WED 28l THUR ,29 FRI 30 SAT JL SUN MON TUES _4_

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