JULY 25, 1953
PREPARE THIS DISH before the sun reaches its peak of heat.
A platter of Pototo-Apple-Ceiery Salad surrounded by a variety of
cold cuts is easy to prepare early in the day.
Summer Meals Prepared Early
In Day Are Boon To Cooks
Know Your Plant. . . .
Time Study Men Seek More Efficient Methods
J. M. COOPER, top, senior time study and methods engine®^’
is shown at his desk in the Industrial Relations Annex. Mr. Coop®’^
evaluates all time study data compiled by his assistants and sets
job rates on the basis of his findings.
T. A. GRANT, center, junior time study engineer, makes a
study on an automatic quiller tender job being performed by
Louise Tate. In making a time study of this type particular attenti^*^
is given to the running time of the quill and the creel package.
the percentage of breaks is determined.
.JAMES MOSS, bottom, time study trainee, is checking a
tender job for number of breaks in the yarn and the reasons
such breaks. The winder tender in the picture is Mrs. Mable Thon^^®'
In planning summer meals, con
sider foods•that can be prepared
before the sun reaches its peak of
heat. The menu might consist of
a potato-apple-celery salad — a
recipe designed to provide a starch,
fruit and vegetable in one dish.
Serve cold cuts and bread.
A fresh fruit or ice cream make
simple and easy desserts and with
it you can serve refreshing iced
Combine four cups of hot, diced,
cooked potatoes, two tablespoons
chopped onion, two tablespoons
vinegar, one-half teaspoon salt, and
a dash of pepper; add one-half cup
mayonnaise. Toss lightly. Cover
and place in refrigerator. Chill at
least two hours.
When ready to serve add one cup
diced, tart apples, one cup diced
celery, and another one-half cup of
mayonnaise. Mix thoroughly. Ar
range in center of platter on crisp
salad greens. Garnish with slices
of unpeeled apples, if desired. Sur
round this with assorted cold cuts.
This makes about six servings.
Mr. and Mrs. Walter Alexander
announce the marriage of their
daughter, Janice Mae Alexander
to Harold R. Griffin.
The ceremony was performed at
the Unity Baptist Church at 8.00
P. M. on June 27.
Mrs. Griffin is a graduate of
the 1953 Class at Gastonia High
School. After a short wedding trip
to the mountains, they will make
their home at North Rhyne Ex
Miss Olivia Grant and Fred A.
Hamrick were united in marriage
on May 31 in York, S. C. Miss Grant
is the daughter of Mrs. Jim Smith
and Mr. Hamrick is the son of
Mrs. Earline Gordon, weaver.
THE MEN frequently seen in
the plant carrying stop watches,
clip boards, and tachometers are
not members of a conspiracy whose
aim it is to make life miserable
for production employees. Rather
they attempt to make life—and
work—actually easier by a study of
work methods to determine the
most efficient, i. e., least wasteful
of human energy, way of doing
the various jobs in the plant.
Once they determine the best
way to do a job from the stand
point of efficiency they seek to
have supervision make such chang
es as they recommend. They strive
to show mutual advantages to
Company and employee in such
changes. If they find that powered
equipment in any situation will, for
example, reduce effort and save
time in the doing of a job and will
within a reasonable time more
than pay for itself, they will
strongly urge the installation of
Another very important assign
ment for the Time Study and
Methods Department is their task
of equalizing job loads. That is to
say that an attempt is made to
make jobs comparable to each
other as regards effort—human
energy—expended. This, of course,
does not mean that all jobs should
pay the same. Such factors as skill
and experience have to be con
sidered in determining rates in
both piece work and hourly jobs.
However, common sense tells us
that jobs, whether skilled or un
skilled, have to be tailored to the
typical or average worker’s
physical ability, keeping in mind
the fact that the best job is done
by people who are working at a
pace which is neither too fast—
therefore exhausting and possibly
unsafe—or too slow.
Two questions that influence
time study and methods men con
stantly are: “What can the ma
chine theoretically turn out?”, and
“What or how much can the person
normally handle?” The theoretical
output of a machine is usually, if
not always, higher than the actual
expected output because of obvious
human factors. To assist time
study men in arriving at scientific
conclusions to the technical and hu
man factors involved in their work
a large mass of data must be com
piled for each job study. These
studies divide themselves into two
parts; (1) the time study at the
job site, and (2) the evaluation of
time study data and the fixing of
* * *
AFTER evaluating and summar
izing the time studies a conference
is held with supervision to point
out the results of the study and dis
cuss possible new and more effi
cient methods of doing the job or
jobs in question. These new meth
ods may be given a trial, in which
case an outline of the method to be
tried is passed from overseer, to
second hand, and to the employees
who will put the method into op
eration. Following a trial period
another time study is made of the
job and comparison with original
When new developments are con
sidered or tried out time studies
are one of the most effective ways
of comparing “before” and “after”
results. From studies of this type
at this plant the Company has
adopted many refinements for
making jobs easier, such as (1)
Pneumafil vacuum tubes on course
count spinning frames, replacing
scavenger rolls; (2) power trucks
to move boxes of yarn or roving
from certain departments to other
departments; and (3) the use of
roll picker hands to pick rolls on
spinning frames rather than have
the spinner do this work, interfer-
ring as it did with the spinner’s
primary duties of piecing ends and
putting roving bobbins in the
Personnel of the Time Study
and Methods Department include
J. M. Cooper, senior time study
and methods engineer, T. A. Grant,
junior time study engineer, and
James Moss, time study trainee.
General Manager Harold
Mercer Appointed To
On Textile School’s
General Manager Harold
has been appointed to the
Committee of the North Caio ^
Vocational Textile School iw
mont. His term of office is
three years beginning
Also appointed to serve wit
Mercer for a 3-year term .j,
Don Mattox, Vice-Presiden
charge of manufacturing
tiles-Inc.; and Ernest T.
Superintendent and Vice-
dent of Boger and Crawfoi
Lincolnton, N. C.
Volume II, No. 14, July 25, 1953
Published at Gastonia, North Carolina
By Firestone Textiles
A Division of
The Firestone Tire & Rubber Company
Department of Industrial Relations
R. H. HOOD, Editor
Carding—Guinn Briggs, Gertrude Sanders, Jessie Westmoreland.
Spinning—Lois Bolding, Evie Thomas, Janet Hartgrove, Mary
Turner, Fannie Bruce.
Spooling—Nell Bolick, Helen Reel, Rosalee Burger.
Twisting—Nevie Dalton, Mable Hanna, Hazel Clark, Lassie
Crawford, Corrie Johnson, Dean Haun, ElJease
Weaving—Mary Johnson, Lucille Davis, Inez Ilhyne, Irene
Burroughs, Vivian Bumgardner, Nina Milton.
Cloth Room—Margie Waldrop.
Quality Control—Dealva Jacobs, Irene Burroughs, Leila Rape,
Winding—Dorcas Atkinson, Mayzelle Lewis, Kathleen Hovis.
Warehouse—Bobby Smith, George Harper, Albert Meeks.
Main Office—Mozelle Brockman.
Superintendent’s Office—Sue Van Dyke.
Personnel Office—Flora Pence.
Refreshment Department—Deuel Redding.