WARP AND FILLING
Of The Passing Scene
Textiles: Second Largest US Industry
A recent issue of Dixie News, employee publication of Dixie
Mercerizing Company, pointed up the textile industry’s place in
world history, and the position it holds in the American way of
life today. The article, in part:
We in textiles belong to the second largest industry in
America. There are at least 8,000 manufacturing plants in
the United States turning out cotton and chemical fibre
Fabrics from textile mills follow us from the cradle to
the grave—in peace and in war. Textiles are ageless. Cloth
more than 5,000 years old has been taken from the tombs
of the Pharaohs of Egypt. The Bible speaks of Joseph’s coat
of many colors, the fine linens of the Tabernacle of Israel,
Elijah’s mantle; and of Lydia, the seller of purple. Moreover,
it speaks of the swaddling clothes of the Bethlehem manger,
and of the robe of Calvary.
Historians agree that a shortage of textiles was a major
factor in Germany’s downfall in World War I. In the recent
world conflict, Secretary of War Knox ranked textiles as
second only to steel in importance to national defense.
Textiles is the fourth highest-paying industry in the
United States. It is outranked only by the automotive, steel,
and chemical industries.
Films On Boating
Firestone boat owners and
other boating enthusiasts may
be surprised to learn of the
large number of boating films
available for home or club show
As example, just one booklet,
published by the National As
sociation of Engine and Boat
Manufacturers lists 300 boating
Adventure, boat construction,
technical fields, cruising and
camping, fishing, life saving and
swimming, navigation and
weather, racing, safety and
maintenance, sailing and water
sports are among the list of sub
Many of the films may be bor
rowed for the asking; small rent
al fees are charged on others.
The complete listing may be ob
tained by writing the National
Association of Engine and Boat
Manufacturers, 420 Lexington
Ave., New York 17, N. Y.
WORD PICTURES. . .
In the weaving process, warp
is any yarn that runs length
wise in fabric made on a loom.
Warp is usually stronger than
filling (crosswise yarn), because
the lengthwise yajrn is under
considercible tension, and must
withstand shuttle friction.
The word "woof” comes from
the Anglo-Saxon "owef," an
other term for warp or warp
yarn. But "woof" has been pop
ularly used to refer to filling
yarn in the weaving process, and
made to interchange with the
word "weft"—an old term for
filling. Other names for "weft"
are "pick" and "pick-and-shot."
TEXAS PETROCHEMICAL CENTER
Reactors are among chief installations of the Firestone
PetTOchemical Center at Orange, Texas. The 40,000-ton ca
pacity facility which went into operation in 1957 was the
first butadiene plant to be constructed solely by a rubber
company. As part of a $55 million construction and expan
sion program of its worldwide facilities, the company is
building a new unit to its plant at Orange. Butadiene from
Texas oil fields is processed for production of the company’s
man-made rubber compounds, Coral and Diene. Firestone
has finishing plants for synthetic rubber at Akron, Ohio
and Lake Charles, La.
SERVICE AWARD—Company executive vice president J. E.
Trainer congratulates Harry Swain (second from left) for 25 years
of Firestone service. Mr. Swain was in Akron recently to receive
his service award. Also offering congratulations were W. A. Karl
(left), president of Firestone Textiles; and W. D. Waugh, president
of Firestone International Company.
THE HILLS BEYOND
Funeral for George Lovingood,
81, was held July 15 at the
White Church near Murphy,
N. C., and burial was in the
cemetery there. Masonic rites
were offered at the graveside.
Mr. Lovingood, who lived on
RFD 3, Murphy, was a retired
merchant and farmer. His son,
Vernon Lovingood, is an over
seer in Twisting (sales yarn).
Surviving besides the son in
Gastonia are: The widow, Mrs.
Dora Tredway Lovingood; two
daughters, Mrs. Bertha Bates
and Mrs. Maggie Anderson, both
of Murphy; three sons, Roy of
Murphy, Homer of Springfield,
Ohio, and Jack of Henderson
ville; 11 grandchildren; 18
great-grandchildren; and two
sisters, Mrs. B. B. Palmer and
Mrs. J. F. Palmer, both of
Marble, N. C.
Swain 25 Years
Harry L. Swain, well known
at the Gastonia Firestone plant
through his assignment in the
textiles division, has begun his
26th year of employment with
Mr. Swain, manager of Fire
stone’s textile plant in Sao
Paulo Brazil, marked his 25th
service anniversary recently.
The Brazil plant manager came
to the company in 1926 as a
trainee in the Fall River, Mass.,
textile plant. Late that year he
transferred to the fabric labora
tory in Akron, Ohio, where he
remained until 1932.
From late 1932 until early
1936, he was in quality control
at the New Bedford, Mass., tex
tile plant. He returned to the
Textiles Division in Akron in
In 1944 Mr. Swain left the
company, but in 1952 rejoined
the Textiles Division in Akron
to handle sales of textiles to out
He was named manager of the
Sao Paulo plant in 1957.
Mr. Swain is a graduate in
textile engineering from Lowell
Textile Institute at Lowell,
PUT FIRE OUT
BEFORE IT STAR TS
The easiest fire to put out is
the one that never starts.
Is fire lurking in your house,
waiting to strike at some unex
pected time? If oily rags and
mops are carelessly kept, or
newspapers, discarded clothing
and boxes heaped in attic or
basement, flammable liquids left
in the house, fire can start at any
Check up. Clear out these
threats to life and property.
USE YOUR REAR-
Get in the habit of looking reg
ularly in your rear-view mirror
while driving along. This will
warn you of cars approaching
from the rear, tell you when
the coast is clear to steer your
car into the other lane. Always
use proper warning signals, re
membering there is a blind spot
to the side and back of your
car in which another vehicle
may be present.
© AMERICAN MUTUAL LIAB. INS. CO
After 161 Years: A Good Idea Has Grown Up
It’s an old idea. The years have proved it
to be a good one. Mass production is the
basis of our American economy and the
fountainhead of our standard of living.
Turn back the pages to 1798, for this ex
ample of how mass production contributed
to the country’s march of progress.
Back then, each army rifle had to be made
laboriously by hand, each part being fash
ioned to fit only one gun.
Then Eli Whitney—better known as in
ventor of the cotton gin—devised a revolu
tionary method of speed-forging. It made
possible the stamping of “standard” inter
changeable parts of the rifles. Assembly of
parts was made a separate process of the
Adapting the Whitney mass-production
method in 1807, a clockmaker in New Eng
land began turning out 5,000 clocks a year.
Before that, his production was four time
pieces a year. What’s more, he sold each
clock for $5 instead of $25—his price under
the “handmaking” method.
Eli Whitney’s idea of 1798 has grown up.
Today, mass production enables American
workers to turn out more and better goods
to sell at lower prices than could be possible
under any other system.
Volume VIII, No. 9, August, 1959
Published by The Firestone Tire & Rubber Company, Firestone Textiles Division,
Gastonia, North Carolina. Department of Industrial Relations
CARDING—Edna Harris, Jessie Ammons.
SPINNING—Lillie Brown, Mary Turner,
SPOOLING—Nell Bolick, Ophelia Wallace,
TWISTING—Elease Cole, Vera Carswell,
Katie Elkins, Annie Cosey, Catherine
SALES YARN TWISTING—Elmina Brad
SYC WEAVING—M a x i e Carey, Ruth
CORD WEAVING — Irene Odell, Mary
Johnson, Samuel Hill.
QUALITY CONTROL — Sally Crawford,
Leila Rape, and Louella Queen.
WINDING—Mayzelle Lewis, Ruth Clon-
CLOTH ROOM—Margie Waldrep, Mildred
PLASTIC DIP—Jennie Bradley. --
MAIN OFFICE—Doris McCready.
INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS—Flora Pence.
WAREHOUSE—George Harper, Albert
Meeks, Rosevelt Rainey, Marjorie Falls.
Claude Callaway, Editor
Charles A. Clark, Photographer