DeTamble library St. Andrews PrcstyUiijn Collegs THE MAY 11 1970 OFFtOlAL PUBLICATION OF THE STUDENT BODY OF ST. ANDREWS PRESBYTERIAN COLLEGE VOL. 9. No. 21. ST. ANDREWS PRESBYTERIAN COLLEGE, LAURINBURG, N. C. Campus Suspends Qasses; Protests Gunbodia, K.S.U. BY LOUIS SWANSON The U. S. invaslonofCam- bodla and the murders at Kent State prompted the IDS to take Student Government action In the form of canceling classes on Wednesday. This action was approved by the President and the Faculty Executive Commit tee. In a letter to be sent to tne Presbyterian churches of North Carolina and the Executive Se cretary of all the Presbyteries (U.S), the IDS further stated the reason for the suspension of classes. The Student Government or ganized two activities to meet the theme of the day. The first activity was a chapel service conducted by Rev. Van Joins, the campus pastor. The second was a symposium in which five professors representing dU - ferent departments presented their views. After each of these addresses persons attending were given the opportunity to ask questions. There were approximately 150 people in attendance at the chapel service. TTie service was In memory of the four students killed, and a general plea to guide the Pr^ident In his fu ture policies. GEORGE U FOUKE US: Economic Exploitation By Progressive Coalition and Rex McGuinn The following speech was prepared for presentation at the symposium yesterday by a representative of the Progres sive Coalition. Due to a lack of time and other considerations it was not given. It is reprinted here in its entirety. ' Why has the United States in vaded Cambodia? The answers do not come from sources who would have us believe that the Nixon administration is Insane, or from sources who state that Nixon Is Intellectually unable to cope with the problem of our Involvement. On the contrary, It is obvious that Nixon’s latest moves are coldly calculated, and that these moves are in di rect support of our economic in terests in South East Asia. Our economic Interests in South East Asia are four fold. We receive from Indochina many natural resources and this area Is one of the last great sources ofpetroleum (as Pedigo and Miller have stated in STMS). From the peoples of these countries we are able to obtain cheap labor. Witness the General Electric plant in Sai gon protected by a “maximum” wage law. These countries sup ply encouraging markets for IJ.S. goods. At home we have a thriving war economy sup ported by our government which spends over one half of the peo ple’s taxes on our military. But the conflict transcends our specific Interests in South East Asia. Our economy must look outside the U.S., for labor, raw materials and investment. We have, from economic necessity, entren ched ourselves In countless countries throughout the world and we are willing to support type of government that will to turn uphold our economic Interests. Witness the training of Greek troops and the com plete support our government gives to the Greek fascist re- flme. Witness the invasion of tie Dominican Republic, Wlt- oess the events of the last two weeks involving Trinidad where 2,000 Marines stood by in case the black revolutionaries were successful there. And this for eign policy has most blatantly manifested Itself in the Cam bodian action. As people’s li beration troops threatened the tottering rl^t wing govern ment, our President took the initiative by sending a major military force into Cambodia. The ramifications of this act make one thing clear: The United States will meet any people’s liberation movement with military might and the Kent State students are only the latest victims. What is more, the United States recognizes Indochina as a symbolic struggle. Eldridge Cleaver saw this when he said, “The truth is electric and it spreads, spreads, spreads.” If the people of Indochina are able to defeat U.S, aggression and economic exploitation, then the truth of their victory will spread, and other oppressed people will rise up. Since the U.S. is exploiting other lands and other people’s, there will be other Viet Nams. They will occur in South America and Africa as well as Asia. This is why Nixon Is taking such dras tic action in Cambodia. Now Is the time for all A- merlcans to confront them selves with the misery Ameri can imperallsm creates. We must recognize that the force that murdered Kent State stu dents murders ghetto dwellers, poor whites, Vietnamese, and Cambodians dally. We must realize that Nixon acts in har mony with our present economic system, and that these men will move swiftly and ruthlessly to crush any opposition to their exploitation. As humanitarians we must expose all immediate acts of American military ag gression, but we must realize that the problem rests at home. Our economic structures and functions must be re-examined and radically altered. Only then can we begin to speak of world peace. In opening the symposium Dr, Smith pointed out ttat in society today there are two poles, each being dogmatic In orientation. He tested the sin cerity of beliefs and actions by asking “What convinces us that we are right?” Dr, Smith ques tioned if the real issue was Vietnam or whether it was a matter of an Individual want ing to decide his own destiny Instead of having it decided for him. Dr. P r u s t approached the problem from a philosophical viewpoint by stating all people Including the nation’s decision makers distort facts as a re sult of myths. He said that one could not call Nixon immoral because the President viewed the facts through the distor tion of his myths and that what is moral is relative to the in dividual, Dr. Prust also noted that the only way to get at the real problem of today is to undermine patiently the foun dation of the nationwide myth of American supremacy. He pointed to a broadening of the public’s experiences as a me thod of removing this myth. Stating that American society is based on violence, Mr. Bus- hoven announced that the in cident at Kent State was not surprising. He asked the people present to challenge the values of the society Instead of com- pacently obeying them. In re sponse to Dr. Prust he said that the only way to change the myth is to change the sys tem. Dr. Humphrey declared that by classical economic stan dards the war in Vietnam is absurd. He supported this state ment by adding that the war is contributing to the domestic crisis of Inflation. He then noted that If “peace were to break out” that there wouldn’t be a flood on the labor market, and that such a condition would lead to a stabilization of the na tional economic crises. (Continued to page 2) THURSDAY, MAY 7, 1970 Council Debates Military At nVCSDA r E'TT' ..I....... li. j_ 1 BY SARA LEE Military recruitment on the St. Andrews campus; Is it nec essary, desirable, or detrimen tal? The College Council heard arguments for each position yesterday with the Progres sive Coalition arguing for end ing such recruitment entirely. Present for the Meeting were faculty and administrators Hart, Davidson, Hope, Lletz, Thomas, Decker, Alexander, White, Harvln, Hlx, Miller and student members Wilburn Hay den, Jimmy Stephens, Rick Skutch, Hosea Jones, and MUll Gibson. The College Council Is only a recommending body with all campus elements represented; a sounding board for every point of view. It is not struc tured to make policy decisions, but to recommend policies to the various legislative groups of the campus, le, faculty, IDS, Faculty Executive Committee, etc. Approximately thirty stu dents listened to the argument and waited outside for the Coun cil’s decision. Todd Davis, Ran dy Randolph, and Tom Cocke represented the Progressive Coalition In the deliberations. Todd initially read the follow ing prepared statement ex pressing the position of the Progressive Coalition on cam pus military recruitment. "The college excludes cer tain groups, organizations, and people because it deems them criminal or detrimental to the welfare of the community. - because the current geno- cldal war in Indo-Chlna which the U.S, government and mili tary are prosecuting; we feel that the military by any and all stretches of the imagination is a criminal element and/or de trimental to the college com munity. - the question is not one of free speech—the military does not come here to debate intel lectually or to propagate its Division To Honor Harvin The Division of History and Social Science will host a re ception honoring Dr, Harry Harvln and recognizing seniors majoring within the division on Wednesday, May 13. Dr, Harvln will step down as Chairman of the Division as of June 1, following the traditional college policy of rotation of Division Chairmen. Dr. J. Rod ney Fulcher will succeed Dr, Harvln. As the first professor of his tory appointed at St. Andrews at its Inception, Dr. Harvin initiated many history courses during 1961-62 and helped plan and teach C&C 101-102 during this time. Instrumental in the development ofpolltlcs and eco nomics departments as well as history. Dr. Harvln has served on a number of influential po licy-making committees of the college. He expects to give re newed attention to teaching and writing in his specialized field. American Diplomatic History, while continuing to help shape the history program. Dr, Fulcher noted “The members of our faculty are aware of the significant contri butions made byProfessor Har vin to the development of our departmental programs and to the larger life of the college, and we expect to continue and enrich the programs developed under his capable leadership,” Dr. Fulcher also pointed out that three program chairmen within the division had been announced: A. Guy Hope, Po litics; George E. Melton, His tory; James D, J. Holmes, Eco nomics and Business Adminis tration. As well, he anticipates a “continuing contribution to the newly-instituted major in American Studies under the di rection of Dr. Charles Joyner and the developing program in Social and Behavorlal Sciences under Dr. Guy Hope” by the division. views—It is here solely to re cruit. - the question is also not one of discrimination against either the military or sutdents wishing to Join the military. For every corporation or group the college invited on campus, hundreds more by judgment or default do not recruit on campus. Yet this does not constitute discri mination against either the cat- poration or the interested stu dent. It is assumed thal ^f students are Interested Ingali^ ing employment with those com panies, that contact between the two will be at the Initiative and discretion of both parties, and shall be a purely private af fair to take place off the cam pus. - such a situation is not at all discriminatory and in fact is quite normal; it happens all the time. It is our belief that by inviting the military onto the campus, the college actively affirms the military as an In stitution and its activities worldwide. The college acts much like a booking agent, ar ranging for the presentation of the military as well as provid ing them with a captive audience of prospective recruits or prey. Asking military recruiters on campus is not a neutral act; it is an affirmative act. - we feel that because of the highly controversial nature of the military and the Indo-Chlna war that contact between the military and interested students should be wholly private. Such would not be an inconvenience to either the students or the military. The military has the facilities very nearby In the Laurinburg Post Office. Mili tary recruiting and the war are highly objectionable to many students on campus. - there is, however, a second and more Important argument against the presence of military recruiters on campus. As stated (Continued to page 3) Dedication Of Auditorium Set Mrs. Ina McNair Avlnger, trustee emeritus of St. An drews, died Monday. Mrs. Avlnger who was to participate In the dedication of the new teaching auditorium to be named Avlnger Auditorium after her late husband, was a charter member of the board of trus tees. “Dedication of the Avlnger Auditorium and the following opening to the public of the auditorium and adjacent science center wiU continue as an ex pression by all associated with St. Andrews of our apprecia tion for Mrs. Avinger’s Interest and generosity”. Dr. Hart said. The dedication will be held on Saturday, May 11, at 11 a. m., with Hector MacLean, Vice- Chairman of the board of trus tees presiding. Dr. Ansley C. Moore, president emeritus of St. Andrews, will present the plaque and give the Benedic tion.