St. Andrews University Student … /
Oct. 1, 1986, edition 1 /
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By ERICK PAYNE
When St. Andrews first opened
there were some pretty strict rules
governing the student body com
pared to campus rules today.
The original rules included the
Drinking or being under the in
fluence of alcohol was not permitted
and subjected the offender to the
possibility of expulsion from the col
All phone calls on or off campus
had to be completed before 10:45
p.m. This rule applied to both male
and female students.
Men and women students were
allowed to visit only in lounges of op
posite gender dorms. And they
weren't allowed to do that Monday
nights when dorm meetings were
Areas were designated for sun
bathing to be determined by the
Dean of Students.
The dress code for classrooms
were shirts and ties for the men,
skirts and dresses for the women.
The same code applied for all meals
taken in the dining hall. Sunday dress
was required at the cafeteria on Sun
days or students would not be fed.
The dress code restricted the
wearing of Bermuda shorts to
upstairs in the dorms, going to and
from the gym, or picnics, beach par
ties or by specific permission of the
Dean of Students. Short shorts were
frowned upon by the Dean of
In the dorms, students were not
permitted to have air conditioners,
sun lamps, ovens, radios, toasters,
popcorn poppers, or hot plates.
Chapel attendance was required of
each student unless given special
permission by the Dean of Students
not to attend. Students were allowed
two cuts per semester.
During weekday social hours.
woman students after signing out
were allowed a 50-mile travel radius
unless they had a parental permis
sion form allowing special
priviledges. No trips in automobiles,
commercial planes, attending off-
campus college related activities,
receiving men callers, horseback
riding, spending the day off-campus,
or visiting a boyfriend's house were
allowed without the parental permis
sion form, a good grade point
average and class standing.
Students who married without
parental knowledge and without in
forming the college one week before
the ceremony were dismissed.
Mizoyuchi DiscussGS JapanesG IVIanagGiriGrit
(continued from page 1)
This gives the people initiative to re
main with the company for a long
period of time.
What Mizoguchi called a "quality
circle" is very popular in Japan. Peo
ple make proposals for the company
to expand their knowledge in specific
areas. This gives everyone informa
tion about any area, plus as much in
formation as possible in their par
ticular field of specialization. There
are, however, sometimes difficulties
in this type of 'family-like at
mosphere." One major problem is
that sometimes workers feel like they
can do whatever they want to.
Another problem is that certain peo
ple may not feel comfortable.
Labor unions are formed in Japan
like they are in the U.S. to make
working conditions better. Emphasis
is often placed on the improvement
of individuals ii the company and the
company itself instead ot on nuney.
Again, the workers are given the in
itiative to excel.
Lately, he discussed, automation
machines can be obtained for a
tiigher quality at a lower price, and
this symbolizes the increased pro
There seems to be a lot of waiting
around when it comes to production
of the ideas presented, and, in
Mizoguchi's opinion, this waiting
results in a communication problem.
The top of the line, or management,
must sufficiently convey what type
of production is expected before the
laborors can actually produce and ef
fectiveness is achieved.
Mizoguchi also discussed the
Japanese dollar, and said that yen
has a surplus in 1986 (2.4 percent in
Among other changes necessary
for the future (and the present) in
Japanese business, more money
needs to be spent on research and
development. He feels that explora
tion of new avenues will bring about
greater growth in the business, and
greater international interaction.
Haraguchi Talks About Japanese- U.S.
by Myla Garren
The Honorable Koichi Haraguchi,
Counselor for Public Affairs of the
Empire of Japan and a member of
th . Embassy staff made a speech on
f.ionday, September 22nd, in Av-
inger Auditorium. Receiving a warm
.welcome, Mr. Haraguchi addressed
St. Andrews students and faculty, as
well as area business represen
tatives, about the business and
cultural exchange between Japan
and the U.S.
He began his speech by discuss
ing the present economic prosperity
experienced today, especially in the
.-US^ which European countries have
been the source of in the past. The
philosophy behind the economic pro
sperity, according to him, is that
more time and resources are to spare
when more than the daily bread is
earned. Citing examples (such as
spaghetti and fast-food
establishments), Haraguchi em
phasized the cultural exchange
between countries, particularly
Japan and the US. He also discussed
the development of areas such as
music, fashion, and art, which
resulted from cultural exchange and
Japan, Haraguchi said, has a far
greater productivity level than other
countries. In support of that,
Haraguchi declared that Japan has
the second highest GNP among-free
nations, and approximately the same
land size as Montana. Then, to take
Japan s population into considera
tion, it is obvious that Japan has pro
duced to an amazing degree. He also
expressed his envy of Americans,
even of St. Andrew's students who
have the opportunity to live, learn
and work in such a spacious and
Although Haraguchi expresses en
vy of the American environment, he
expresses no envy whatsoever in
comparing Japan with America in
trade situations. Japanese-American
trade, he began, has risen from $4
billion in 1975-80 to $50 billion in
1985, Japan has effectively address
ed trade deficit factors, and currency
is down by 40 percent, America,
however, has acquired increasing
trade deficits,y'and needs, Haraguchi
do several things to change
the trade imbalance, Japanese ex
ports are more expensive compared
with the U,S. dollar. The main way to
change this is to stop spending more
than the production level, which is
apparently how Japan succeeds.
Another topic of discussion Mon
day was the benefit-in tangible
ways -of .'‘.i'X'icans and Japanese
from tneir ..rading partners.
Haraguchi cited tangible examples,
such as fine point pens that
Americans have manufactured to ac
comodate Japanese preferences,
and a cold water washing liquid the
In closing, Haraguchi discussed
problems in Japanese-American ex
change, The Japanese, he said,
needed to be more open to
foreigners in the open market, and
also to relax their constant strive for
economic excellence. The Japanese
seem to think Americans lead such
luxurious lives, and that the US ex
pects Japan to fulfill bigger expecta
tions than are possible.
With all of these problems at hand,
Haraguchi recognized that cultural
exchange programs serve as a begin
ning or an element to bridging the
gaps and solving the problems.
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