TUESDAY, FEBURARY 5, 1974
Student Financial Aid Hassle
A Student View ...
I was very interested in coming to the
North Carolina School of the Arts, but
like so many other students who attend
schools throughout the country, I needed
When I received a letter telling me that
I had received enough aid to enable me to
attend the school- in addition to the
money my parents were to provide- I
also noticed a green sheet entitled
“financial aid contract.” On the back
was a list of rules that stated I could not
earn any more money on regular paying
jobs without having the amount deducted
from my grants.
In addition, I was to report any gifts or
prizes that would provide me willi extra
money and also have these amounts
deducted from my grant. I was allowed
to earn $150 during the entire year on
non-regular or one-night jobs.
iNaturally I was very puzzled by these
rules. How could it possibly be that,
simply because I needed aid to come
here, I would not be allowed to earn
enough money during the year to remain
in school or to save money to come back
I told my parents and showed them the
rules. They assured me that if I ex
plained my situation to Mr. Ruark, the
director of the school’s financial aid
program, that the misunderstanding
created by the rules would be cleared up.
“That can’t possibly be true,” my
parents said. “The school can’t prevent
you from earning money so you can go
Well, I came to the School and I found
out that those rules were true. I went to
Mr. Ruark a number of times to try and
get a better understanding of the
program. Each time I became more
confused and skeptical.
By PETER FISCHER
I was told that there is a federal
regulation that prohibits students from
earning money on regular paying jobs if
they receive federal aid. I was told that
all high school students who received any
type of scholarship to come here are
placed under the same restrictions as
those college students receiving federal
aid. That is, he said, to make it fair, but
the effect was to penalize students not
already being penalized by the law.
I discovered that college students who
receive money from private sources can
earn money but high school students do
not have this option since they are
minors. I was told that I couldn’t even
earn the money I needed to have my
violin repaired. If my parents had to
borrow money from a bank so that I
could stay here, although I could earn the
money myself, this school was very
Backed up by SCA President
Since September I have talked to many
reliable people about the financial aid
program here and I now feel that a lot of
questions need to be asked and answered
by and for the students. I am presently
writing several people in the U.S.
Department of Health, Education and
Welfare as well as a member of both the
U.S. House of Representatives and the
U.S. Senate in Washington, D.C.
Many people are curious about the
federal regulation that prevents you
from earning money. People are more
curious about the way this regulation is
being interpreted here. I hope that I will
have all the information I need within the
next month so that the questions
surrounding this program can be an
swered, hopefully for the benefit of the
Peter Fischer is a high school senior
violinist who has had trouble with
financial regulations here.
By SUSAN SUMMERS
Once upon a time, not so very long ago.
Hansel and Gretel came to visit Winston-
Salem in the form of an opera.
Well, this opera opened up a lot of
possibilities to a lot of students here at
the School of the Arts. Student singers
understudied major roles performed by
professionals, other student singers sang
supporting roles and Design and
Production students were employed to
aid in the setup and running of the
production. All of this was made possible
through the kindness and generosity of
the Corbett Foundation.
The key word in this fairy tale is
“employed.” Yes, the Design and
Production students were told that they
would receive $3.00 an hour for their
labors; and since no other information
was offered, it was assumed that indeed
they were working for the Corbett
Now enters the villain, known to us
poor folks as the federal government.
We find our poor, over-worked and
under-paid financial aid administrator
Frank Ruark having to contend with all
kinds of headaches- poor students who
need money, rich students who want
more money, financial aid recipients who
don’t report cars and those blasted
Poor Mr. Ruark has the difficult, if not
impossible, job of making sure that all
financial aid recipients abide by the
Sure enough, there’s a regulation that
states that once the school has supplied
100 percent of a student’s need; the
school cannot give that student any more
money; and if the school does give that
student more money, the school will have
to repay the government.
Of course, this rule should only apply to
students who receive federal funds as
part of their aid. But there is another
ruling by our own financial aid policy
committee which says that a student on
financial aid can earn up to $150 each
school year in incidental eamings-
mowing lawns, babysitting, etc.
Well, this whole job thing with the
Corbett Foundation for Hansel and
Gretel looked pretty lucrative to all those
Design and Production students.
Everyone was sure to make at least $150,
and those on financial aid were willing to
turn in everything they earned in excess
of their $150 yearly allotment.
Now the truth comes out! No one told
poor Mr. Ruark or the students who were
working their butts off at Reynolds
Auditorium that the Corbett Foundation
was giving a grant to our own Foundation
to pay production expenses which hap
pened to include all those Design and
This meant that the pay checks were
coming from within the school, and the
government was sure to pounce upon the
issue like vultures and claim that the
school had given those students who
receive aid more than their 100 percent.
Now all those students on the crew who
happened to be receiving aid were faced
with giving up all their earnings. What
incentive! What motivation!
Alas, our hero, Martin Sokoloff,
arrived on the scene. Lifting the burden
of guilt from poor Mr. Ruark’s shoulders,
Mr. Sokoloff declared the money as
having come from the Corbett Foun
dation so that it could indeed be con
sidered incidental earnings. Problem
But not quite. Where is the incentive to
work when the jobs are available? Why
can’t a student earn for his future
education even if he is on aid at present?
And there’s more! Why are students
who are not receiving federal funds as
part of their aid made to comply with the
same awful regulations as those who do
receive federal funds? These questions
keep popping up, but no one, it seems,
has any solutions.
End of story! It’s useless. Take three
steps backwards and punt!
Susan Summers receives financial aid.
What You Do About Abortion
By PRUDENCE MASON
On Monday, January 22, 1973, the
Supreme Court of the United States
handed down a decision declaring that
“abortion statutes... that exempt from
criminality only a life saving procedure
on behalf of the mother, without regard
to pregnancy stage and without
recognition of the other interests in
volved, is violative of the Due Process
Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.”
The ruling leaves the decision to abort
a pregnancy up to the woman and her
doctor during the first trimester (three
months) of pregnancy. During the second
trimester the state may regulate abor
tion procedures in the interest of the
health of the mother.
For the stage subsequent to viability,
the state, in promoting its interest in the
potentiality of human life may, if it
chooses, “regulate, and even proscribe,
abortion except where it is necessary, in
appropriate medical judgement, for the
preservation of the life or health of the
mother.” Before the Supreme Court
decision, abortion clinics were legal in
only four states.
On January 17, 1974, Dr. Herbert A.
Soper, a Winston-Salem obstetrician,
announced that he and eleven other
physicians plan to open the city’s first
abortion clinic this spring. CHie only
other abortion clinic in the state is
located in Raleigh). It will be called the
Forsyth Pregnancy Termination Qinic
Inc. and will be located at 3010
Maplewood Ave., about one block from
Forsyth Memorial Hospital.
The need for such a clinic locally is
easUy demonstrated by the statistics. It
is estimated that about 50 abortions a
month are performed locally in hospitals
and about the same number of women
are referred to abortion clinics out of
town each month.
Presently Baptist Hospital performs
in-patient abortions, but the cost is so
hi^ (as much as $450, including hospital
costs) that many women find it cheaper
to travel to New York or Washington D.C.
The cost of the operation at the clinic
would be around $195.
On January 23, 1974, about 150 people
held a silent protest march near the site
of the planned clinic and demonstrators
marched nationwide in support of a
constitutional amendment to reverse last
year’s Supreme Court decision legalizing
abortion. Such a constitutional amend
ment has been introduced in the Senate
by Jesse Hehns (R-N.C.). Demonstrators
carried signs reading “Adoption not
Abortion” and “There is no such thing as
an unwanted child.”
In order to fulfill legal requirements
for an operation, the clinic must get a
patient transfer agreement from Forsyth
Memorial Hospital. Originally the
doctors expected no trouble in obtaining
approval for such an agreement, but now
four county commissioners who are up
for re-election have announced their
opposition to the agreement.
On Jan. 28, Robert 0. Jones, the
secretary- treasurer of Lambe- Young-
Jones, Inc., the company which leased
the building for the clinic, announced
that he had sent a letter to Dr. Herbert A.
Soper, the clinic director, asking to with
draw the lease. He said the company
“decided it would be best to withdraw if
we could. We have to be sensitive to
The company’s change of heart came
after a visit by Rev. Laurence C.
Newman of Our l^dy of Mercy Catholic
Church. Rev. Newman said he had no
animosity toward the doctors involved
with the clinic. “I wish them well,” he
said. “I hope God will show them how
they have been misled.”
The future of an abortion clinic in
Forsyth County now looks very dim. It is
very likely that pressure from anti
abortion groups may prevent the clinic
from opening. This will not stop local
women from having abortions. It will
only make it difficult, if not impossible
for poor women to obtain the operation.
In writing for the 7-2 majority opinion,
U.S. Supreme Court Justice Harry A.
Blackmun said; “When those trained in
the respective disciplines of medicine,
philosophy and theology are unable to
arrive at any consensus, the judiciary, at
this point in the development of man’s
knowledge, is not in a position to
speculate as to the answer.” He also
stated, “The unborn have never been
recognized in the law as a person in the
I am opposed to any constitutional
amendment making abortion illegal. I
believe the decision to abort a pregnancy
should remain with the woman and her
doctor. The government should not
legislate morality. Unfortunately,
support for such an amendment is gro
Ms. magazine suggests the following
steps to oppose such an amendment:
. Write your senators and represen
tatives in Washington, D.C., and tell
them you support the Supreme Court
. Write your state legislators.
. Get at least ten friends to write their
state and federal representatives.
. I^arn more about health and social
benefits of legal abortion. A brochure
(single copies free) is available from
Planned Parenthood Federation of
America. A brochure depicting the
horrors of illegal abortion can be ob
tained for 25 cents from the National
Association for the Repeal of Abortion
Join and-or support groups
specifically aimed at making the right to
safe, legal abortion every woman’s
right: for example, Women’s Ix)bby, Inc.
(1345 G St., S.E., Washington, D.C.
20003), a group which lobbies on all bills
affecting women; Catholics for a Free
Choice (In care of Pat McQuillan, 240 E.
76th St., New York, N.Y. 10021); National
Association for the Repeal of Abortion
I^ws (250 W. 57th St., New York, N.Y.
10019); Women’s National Abortion
Action Coalition (Room 737, 150 Fifth
Ave., New York, N.Y. 10011).
..Prudence Mason is a fourth-level
Drama major at NCSA.