North Carolina Newspapers

    THE PEN—MAY. 1968-PAGE 2
Danny Scarborough
Dorothy Yates
Roosevelt Moseley
Pamela Jones
Pamela Brito
William Carson
SPORTS EDITOR . Hilton Smith and Edward Gill
Mrs. Chapman, Miss Harper, Mr.
Allen, Mrs. Reid, Mr. Bradley
Our policy is to print the news and views of the
students. We pledge ourselves to full, fair, and open
reporting in regard to all parties.
"Either IVe Live
Together As Brothers
Or Burn Together As Fools”
Is non-violence, passive resistance, the solution to America's
racial unrest? Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was an apostle
of non-violence; yet, he was the victim of a deranged sniper.
John F. Kennedy was a non-vlolent man; yet, he was also the
victim of an assassin’s bullet.
On the other hand, is violence the solution to America’s
mental Illness, racial hatred; the Black man's contempt for
the white man; the white man’s contempt for the Black man?
When America’s Infested cities began to burn, there was a
"renewed” realization that this country had a race problem.
The problem could not be smothered by the peas for "just
a little more time.” America’s Black people, especially the
Black college students, finally realized that they could no
longer support a country impregnated with racial hatred
for the Blacks. Thus, a generation emerged which rejected
the teachings of non-violence and turned to violence for some
tj-pe of refuge.
Here, another factor must be considered. What happens
when plack Power loses its definition of “economic, social,
educational, and cultural development for the Black man” and
becomes synonymous with burning, looting, and as one stu
dent stated, “pure hell.” One of the students on this campus,
who favors the "Black Movement” told this reporter that "by i
burning the whitey’s business, one burns his (the white
man’s) economy.” On the other hand, a student on the “edge”
of the movement related said: "When you burn something,
what’s left? Ashes! This task can be accomijllshed by any
one with a sick mind. In my opinion - and you may call me a
Nervous Nellie or an Uncle Tom - burning Is not the answer.
We are either going to live together as brothers or burn to
gether as fools.”
One of the instructors on this campus told his students
that no one, either Black or white, was really non-violent.
“If any of you are non-vlolent, he stated, “allow me the
pleasure of spitting in your face.”
As this paper goes to press, some ol America’s Black,
as well as white citizens, are searching for an appropriate
method to the improvement of Black and white relations.
In a letter appearing in the News and Observer, one of Ra
leigh’s citizens stated that the solution to the race problem
would be formulated in the hearts of men. Evidently, this
citizen failed to realize that respect for his fellow man is
formulated and controlled by the Individual mind.
Who is to be the Judge of whether Black Power Is either a
constructive or destructive force? Who Is to decide 11 either
A violence or non-violence Is to prepare this country for either
the individual or the “American Dream?”
Some whites and Blacks question the techniques of Car
michael and Brown, the Black militant leaders. In most
instances, Carmichael and Brown are condemned; yet, have
they murdered innocent people? "Have they played Russian
Roulette with the lives of Black people? Have they sold ax
handles to beat people? Have they killed the “spirit of non
violence.” Have they dragged people in the streets? Have
they used tear gas?”
Education may be the Black man’s answer to the rartal
problem. In fact, it may 1* his only weapon. The Blackman,
who is violent or non-violent, may be able to help this sick
America my reminding and showing white America that ex
cellence has no color.
Black men
Sweet and gentle.
Soft and kind;
Pity the day
They change their mind.
To Resign Or
Not To Resign
At the present time, “The Pen of Saint Augustine’s Col
lege” is one of the few remaining student publications having
faculty or administrative advisors. Advisors, especially those
who desire to read student editorials t>efore their publication,
fail to realize that by establishing them.selves as babj- sitters
for a school paper, they do not give the members of a news
paper staff the opportunity to function Independently.
An Editor-In-Chief of a school paper is endowed with the
authority, which is delegated from the ballots of the students
who elected him to edltoralize on any topic, to endorse can
didates for student Ixxiy oflices, and to attack programs.
Institutions, or school personnel. However, "The Pen of Saint
Augustine’s College” has been in an “uproar” since its
Editor-In-Chief stated, "As long as I am Editor-ln-Chlef
of The Pen, I refuse to show editorials to any advisors before
their publication. Since the paper is student oriented It .should
not submit to the censorship of advisors.”
Being Editor-In-Chief of a college newspaper is time con
suming, tiring, rewarding (on extremely rare occasions,)
and at times, utterly disgusting. As long as 1 am your elected
Editor-ln-Chlef, I will continue my campaign to divorce the
school paper from advisors and continue my attempts to keep
The Pen a publication of the students^ for the students, and
by the students. Only two forces will deter me from this
goal They are death and impeachment. If you were to read
back Issues of The Pen, you will see where I have advocated
a publication which would not serve as a puppet for the ad
ministration. The policy of The Pen is to print the news and
views of the students. Students have been invited and urged
to join the staff, but this Invitation has tjeen taken very lightly.
All offices are open to members and membership is open
to the student body. The motto of the paper Is the same as
that of the New York Times, "Any news that’s fit to print.”
Here, I should mention that fact that on the advice of Brenda
Dowery, former Editor-In-Chief of The Pen, I composed four
letters of resignation upon my election to the position of
Editor-in-Chief of the school paper. If any student, or group
of students, Is in disagreement wltti the "freedom of the press
for "The Pen of Saint Augu.stine’s College,” (as put forth
In this editorial), I will submit my resignations to the fol
lowing persons:
Dr. Joseph Jones, Academic Dean
Dr. Prezell Robinson, President of Saint Augustine’s Col
Dean Wiley Davis, Dean of Students
The President of the Student Council
Professors Non-Violence
Support Students
can Association of University
Professors, an organization of
90,000 college and university
teachers, gave overwhelming
approval Friday to a new bill
of rights for students includ
ing a recommendation that they
participate In {he “formulation
and application of Institutional
More than 500 delegates to the ■
association’s 54th annual meet
ing endorsed a joint statement
on rights and freedoms of stu
dents drafted by the associa
tion, the U, S, National Student
Association, the Association of
American Colleges, the Na
tional Association of Student
Personnel Administrators and
the National Association ofWo-
men Deans and Counsellors.
Approval of the statement
came as student power advo
cates disrupted activities on
widespread American c a m p-
uses in demonstrations to en
force student demands on uni
versity and college admlnlstra-
. The joint statement specUl-
cally ^ates that students, as
constituents of the academic
community, should be free to
express their views on Issues of
college and university Institu
tional policy.
“The student body should
have clearly defined means to
participate In the formulation
and application of Institutional
policy affecting academic and
student affairs,” the statement
The statement said also that
students should be allowed to
invite anyone of their own
choosing to address them on
campus and that they should be
free to organize and join as
sociations to promote common
The statement made these ad
ditional points:
Under no circumstances
should any student be barred
from ‘admission to a particular
institution on the basis of race.
Students should be free to
take reasoned exception to
views offered in any college
course of study - but they are
responsible for learning the
content of any course of study
for which they are enrolled.
Students should have protec
tion through orderly procedures
against "prejudiced or capri
cious” academic evaluations.
Information about student
views, beliefs and political as
sociation should be considered
No records should be kept
which reflect the political acti
vities or beliefs of students.
“The student press,” the
tazement said, “should be free
of censorship and advance ap
proval of copy, and its editors
and managers should be free to
develop their own editorial poli
cies and news coverage.”
What Happened?
Dear Editor,
Why did you leave the gym on Student Recognition Day?
Miss Baker Hall
Dear Miss Baker Hall,
On that particular day, the situation in the gym was rather
Scholarships Revolution
To Seniors
with respect to all parties concerned,
Danny L. Scarborough
Tht Pen of Saint Augustine’s College
Armonk, N. V. -ChalnSchol-
arshlp Foundation hasufinounc-
ed that a numt>er of scholar
ships ts now available to mem
bers of the Class of 19C9.
Each year Chain Scholarship
Foundation awards scholar
ships of up to $100 per month --
for a maximum period of ten
months — to Senior students
who need financial aid in order
to complete their college edu
One of the youngest founda
tions in the United States to
day, Chain Scholarship Found-
atioii has awarded over one hun
dred of these scholarships.
Scholarships are granted to
qualified Senior students with
passing grades in any field of
study. High academic standing
therefore is not a requirement
for eligibility.
It is the philosophy of the
Chain Scholarship Foundation
that the average student can
make valuable contributions to
society and should be encourag
ed to complete his studies.
Each recipient of a Chain
Scholarship becomes a vital
link in a continuing program to
provide financial assistance to
increasing numbers of needy
Senior students. A moral re
sponsibility is assumed by the
Chain Scholarship student to re
pay the value of his scholarship
after graduation at a time when
he is able to do so. The stu
dent Is not legally obliged in
any way.
For further Information and
an application form, contact the
Financial Aid Officer, or write
directly to Chain Scholarship
Foundation, P. O. Box 203, Ar
monk, New York 10504.
In keeping with the custom of
one speech a semester to the
entire student body, Dr. Prezell
R. Robinson, spoke on the sub
ject of the "Anatomy of a Con
trolled Revolution” before an
all-college assembly on Tues
day, March 26.
Dr. Robinson mentioned that
revolution is occurlng in the
area of dignity, justice, and
equal riglits; science, dress,
In Vietnam and In morals and
He stated that he had no solu
tions to the problems of the na
tion’s revolutions but he did
have some suggestions. He
suggested that there were four
aspects to a constructive re
volution. These four aspects
were a worthwhile cause, a re
sponsible and legitimate plan to
achieve, a willingness to make
sacrifices, and a willingness to
accept full responsibility for
The Negro revolution has
been peaceful, but Dr. Robin
son said the time of patience
Is quickly coming to an end.
Negroes as well as poverty-
stricken whites need better jobs
and good teachers. In order
to obtain these necessities as
well as others, Dr. Robinson
proposed a marshall plan which
would channel the annual $32
milUon now spent in Viet nam
for tills program. Another pur
pose of the program would be
to help maintain a stabilized
income for poverty level fami-
Turning to the part of the stu
dent in revolutions, D'. Robin
son said we must be willing to
put essential things first, we
must be willing toworktoover
come liandlcaps of race Infer,
iority and cultural degradation
He further stated that we must
discipline our thinking, learn
to weigh issues and then cope
up with our own decisions jor
This Is America’s most heat
ed phrase “Non-Violence vs.
Violence. Do we as Ameri
cans really knowthereal mean
ing of Non-Violence and Vio
lence? Webster defines, Vio
lence as, “an exertion of phy
sical force so as to Injure or
abuse,” and Non - Violence as
"abstention on principle from
Violence.” Does a Non-Vlo-
lent Society exist or does So
ciety change with time?
Can more be accomplished by
non-violence rather than Vio
lence? Most Blacks and Whites
In America feel that nothing
can be accomplish through Vio
lence. They feel this because,
one turns to Violence when
his promises aren’t carried
out. There are a number of
Violent organizations in Ameri
ca and some non-vlolent. The
average person may answer,
without violence nothing can be
quickly accomplish, however,
another person may reject this
feeling. Let’s face reality, has
rloljuig, looting, and etc. done
mo)te for the American society?
I t\ some people of t^e U. S.,
“vloUjhce is the only means of
gaining a particular desire.
Most editors have said that
the out break of violence in
the U. S. will lead to repres
sion that will not only delay
racial justice but will en
courage the outbreak of racial
disorders throughout the world.
The value of nonviolence as a
political or social weapon is
very low. Everyone favors vio
lence, but the main question is,
“Can nonviolence bring imme
diate changes?” Time is a big
element in looting because the
participants feel that they have
given enough time to society to
bring about the different
changes. When this doesn’t
happen, violence arouses in the
individual’s mind. Many feel
that a nonviolent approach takes
longer to bring about results.
There are reasons for non
violence and violence. What took
place In the different parts of
the country Is only a prelude to
similar out bursts on a world
wide scale, when the mass of
poor people sick of waiting
and protesting passively, will
be triggered by some Incident.
For example, the death of Dr,
Martin Luther King, although he
was a strong advocaic of non
The Black man felt the only
way he could get some revenge,
in this case, was by looting
and rioting the White man’s en
terprises. When an individual
in a society has gotten fed up
with the way in which his so
ciety has been governed, he
thinks that the only means of
changing it is through some
destructive force. Still others
would say. Why take this step
Instead of non-violenci? The
only solution to this problem Is
a change In society. It so
ciety would stop pretending and
face reality, then any place over
the world could gain a clear pic
ture of non-violence. But until
this happens, the word violence
will always be In the minds of
many persons.
However there are a number
of changes that come through
non-violence rather than
violence. This can be clearly
seen through the many demon
strations lead by the late Dr.
Martin L. King. When a demon
stration is led by non-violence
it displays the unity in the
group; however, there are
some exceptions. Another ques
tion arises, "Can power pene
trate through a society of vio
lence?” The answer lies with
in the society. Many people
advocate non-violence, but is
this really working to change
society and making It a free
or has violence entered and
corrupted the mind? When one
has preached, demonstrated,-
and protested in a non-violent
manner, and nothing is accom
plished, then violence enters,
and society is In a state of
Get Yourself
One of the focal points of
the Black Power Movement has
been in the area of education.
Yet, until recently, St. Aug
ustine’s College was not a part
of the Movement. On March
29, a change occurred on cam
pus; the first positive change
since I have been here. In
an age of ever Increasing pro
test and the seeking of the
Black Man’s self-ldentlty, we
at St. Augustine’s College have
been Interested in other things.
The Black Student must, be
fore he can move Intothe main
stream of our so called Demo
cratic society, trytobringabout
a meaningful change capable of
making a college education
relevant to the needs of Black
people. The administrations of
many Black colleges are still
under the thumbs of racist state
legislatures or boards of trus
tees. We must recognize, how
ever, that the colleges and uni
versities are our main sources
of strength, and that we must
concentrate our engergy in or
der to make these Institutions
aware of the new Black philo
sophies, regardless of the ad-
The job of the Black Student,
now that the ground work has
been prepared, is to continue
for the progress of both the
Black Race and the college.
In the south, on campuses where
Black Students are in the ma
jority, students should Increase
their agitation with the ultimate
goal of capturing their schools.
Our students took a giant step on
March 29. Yet,' we still have
a long way to go. We must
now get ourselves TOGf)THER
and must work together for the
unity of both city and campus
students. We must use the
methods of direct confronta
tions In dealing with St. Augus
tine’s College. The college
must realize that if the de
mands of the student are not
heeded, in relation to being
Black oriented, the process of
Black education will not t)e
Finally, the need for action Is
urgent. The gap between Black
and White Is growing each year.
In a world that Is becoming In
creasingly complex, the need
for education has become great
er. Black people must realize
this and must push vigorously
for control of their education.
Now, we, the potential products
of St. Augsustine’s College
should not, after taking one giant
step, move backwards. Instead,
we should move forward into a
world of Black Unity, and Black
Awareness. LET’S GKT OUR
Recognition Day
The Student Recognition As
sembly an annual event at St.
Augustine’s, was a great suc
cess. Its purpose is to honor
those students who have dis
played high academic excel
lence and service to the college.
Departmental awards includ
ed; Art - Grace Burwell,
Viola Yeates; Biology - Paula
Moore, Randall Young; Busi
ness - Ralph Campbell, Dwight
Peebles, John Singletary, Eu
gene Thomas, Reginald Stevens;
Education - Joe Cannon, Janice
Moultry; English-Velinda Har
dy, Danny Scarborough; His
tory - Quintard Taylor, Cur
tis March; Mathematics and
physics - Lorraine Green, Peg
gy Pledger, Beatrice Bennett,
James Teague, Douglas Hunt;
Modern Language - Marie
Faulkner, Maola Jones, Edna
Canady; Music - Mary Machen,
Donna Neely; Physical Educa
tion - June Powell, Nathan Al
ford; S.ociology and Social Wel
fare - Patricia Thomas, Jac
queline Edwards, William Mil
Service awards included: Stu
dent Council Awards - Joan
Wood and Eugene Thomas; Stu
dent of the Year Awards - Con
rad Lake, Lionel Cuffee, Don-
nel Morris and Reginald Ste
Congress For The Unity
Of Black Students
The Congress for the Unity
of Black Students (CUBS) con
vened at Shaw University on
April 20 through 24. The con
vention sponsored by the Student
Council of Shaw University had
as its theme: “Unity is our
most important power-Greater
power through greater Unity.”
The slogan for (CUBS) was
"Unity, Action! Power!” Con
sonantly, the ultimate goal of
this congress was to create and
found a national student organi
zation that would be active, de
termined and dedicated to the
principle and purpose of unify
ing Black Students, Black com
munities and Black people, to
the compelling end that the
Black man may sever all chain
that bind him and remove all
oppressions which deter him
from achieving true equality and
which militant against his pur
suing his own determination and
The Congress concerned It
self with the following unities
among Black people: academic,
political-economic, ethnic -
communal, religious and cul
tural. With the assistance,
Ideas, and active participation
of black students, the Congress
completed the groundwork fora
national chartered and chapter
ed student organization which
will eventuate as a dynamic
force - a student force in a-
chieving these Black Unities
to the common welfare of Black
contemporaries and Black pos
Ray Span, Eugene Thomas,
and a member of the Pen Staff
were official delegates to the
Congress. Th§ format of the
Congress consisted of: a key
note address (by The Honorable
Julian Bond) general assem
blies and major addresses on
each Black unity (Ron Karenga
delivered the major address
on Cultural Unity and Spelman
College’s Vincent Harding on
Academic Unity) symposium
(prepared papers and audience
dialogue) workshops and a Black
Concert by THE SHAW PLAY
ERS: "Blackness Is A Rain
bow" and a Masquerade Ball,
both were held in Raleigh Me
morial Auditorium. In addition,
there was a Black Talent Show
by a selected number of stu
dent delegates from one-hun
dred and twenty Black colleges
and by Black students from the
non-Black colleges. The Pen
Staff member presented as his
talent. Creative Images in
Shades of Black and White. The
final day of the Congress was
a session lor resolution, eval
uations and organizational es
Mayor Richard Hatcher, Na
than Hare, T. Wyatt Walker,
Nathan Wright, Lucius Walker,
Randolph Edmonds, John Hope
Franklin, Reginald Hawkins,
and Ron Karenga were speakers
for the Congress along with
Shaw’s President, Dr. James
Black Ideas
Lynch Hall
Room L-1
St. Augustine’s College
Raleigh, North Carolina
Dear Sir: (President Robinson)
As head of the Administrative Council, we ask your in
dulgence in our attempt to become a functioning organization
on the St. Augustine’s campus. The proposed Black Students
Union is the organization. Enclosed in this letter are the
purposes, structure, and by laws of the proposed organization.
This organization would promulgate the ideas of the Black
fn f, I" attempts to attain a place of equality
ed The nrnt* « exlsts, the Black man has been subordinat-
ed The proposed organization would be an instrument of
enlightenment to the Black society of the immedSra^^^ea!
St. Augustine’s CoUege in order
fulfill the desires for a better world, in which Black people
necessary to establish an organization for the advancement
of these desires. Therefore, we the Black sfudents,“to-
Un^on ®®‘^'^'l*®hing such an organization, the Black Student
(1) This ortanization shall exist solely for the purpose and
objectives of Black students.
(2) This entire organization Is built around the concept of
blackness; therefore, no student shall be admitted who isn’t
totally committed to blaclaiess.
(3) This organization is dedicated to the social, cultural,
economic. Intellectuals, and political ambitions of the Black
(4) This organization will do whatever is necessary in any
given situation to forward the progress of the black revolution.
(5) We, the Black students of this organization, shall not
rest until the above principles are achieved.
Yours truly,
Ray V. Spain
Will You Appeal?
To graduating seniors -and
first yr. graduate students, the
government now says, you are
now 1-A. You must serve inthe
armed forces.
In douig si the government
has Ignored the urging of the
entire educational community
to continue graduate deferments
and to establish a national lot
tery of all eligible men from
nineteen to twenty-six.
These are the steps you can
I. You can apply in writing
for a continuation of n-S from
your local board
A. in writing
B. then through personal
n. If your local board re
jects you, you can ask for re
A. in writing, which the
board may Ignore
B. a second personal ap
pearance, which they cannot
ignore, but may not grant,
in. If you are now a two-
time loser, you can appeal to
your state toard
A. first meeting with the
Government Appeals agent
who will explain your appeal
B. then appeal in writing.
IV. Strike three, no hit, but
you are not yet out; if you
lose at the state hnord level,
1110 It there are any dissenting
votes, you can then tackle the
Presidential Board of Appeals
V. Appeal for occupational
deferment to your local board
VI. If denied, ask for a
personal appearance and recon
vn. Appeal to your state
board. . If you attend school in
a state other than your home
state, ask that this appeal be
transferred to the state board
having jurisdiction where you
attend school.
7 Wope
be cu

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