North Carolina Newspapers

Number 15
Science Club^Holdi
Interesting Meeting
Members Give Delightful Talks On
Scientific Subjects
The two main features of the pro
gram of the last meeting of the
science club were talks, “Chemical
Warfare,” by Leonora Wilder, and
“Helium and Hydrogen,” by Eliza
beth Strowd. The members of the
club and all visitors declared that
they received some very helpful and
interesting facts from these two
speeches. Elizabeth Strowd was the
first speaker.
Helium, she said, is made from
heated minerals, the gases being
liquefied. Hydrogen is prepared by
electrolysis of water. It is a color
less, odorless gas. The lightest of
all gases, being fourteen times
lighter than air. Helium comes next
in lightness, it does not conduct ele>
tricity. Hydrogen comes from the
earth in a volcanic eruption, it i
often found in the atmosphere, et
pecially the higher atmosphert
There are large quantities found sui
rounding the sun and stars. Helium
is found up near the stars. Hydi
gen is used for making Crisco and
lard substitutes, in the manufacture
of soap, and for airships and dirig
ibles. Helium is used for airship.s
and dirigibles also.
The other speaker, Leonora Wild
er, stated that science had intro
duced an entirely new type of war
fare. Where the people of medieval
times fought with forts, rivers and
moats, the moderns use poisonous
gases, made by the great scientists
of their countries. It was in the
World War that the gases came to
be used to any great extent, but
there were many kinds and all very
destructive. There was the lachry
matory, which produced tears, the
sternulatory or sneezing gas, the
besicant that blistered the skin, the
poisonous or toxic and various other
kinds equally as destructive.
It was in’ 1911 that the experi
menting with gases in Germany be
gan. Professor Haben with Saehur,
his assistant, who was killed, warked
on cacodyl oxide or phosgene. They
got their raw material from dye
stuffs. On April 24, of this same
year chlorine was used against the
Canadians. It was used at Ypres
April 22, 1915. In June of the same
year brominated xylene, causing
temporary blindness and lethal gas
were used. Gases continued to de
velop and be produced in greater
variety until by 1917 there
enormous quantities of them. Among
the foremost were mustard gas, or
yellow cross, causing delayed blind
ness, blue cross that caused nausea
and intense pain, green (
phosgene. At the beginning of the
war projectiles seventeen inches
diameter were used, but at its close
they were one hundred millionth of
an inch in diameter.
Chlorine is a greenish yellow gas
made from common salt, it drags
along thq ground because of its
wetness, and is dependent on the
wind. Phosgene consists of chlor-
(Continued on Page Three)
Pierrette Players Pre
sent “Romantic Age”
Delightful Play Is a Success
The Pierrette Players scored an
other success with their artistic pre
sentation of “The Romantic Age,”
which they staged in Memorial Hall
last Monday night. The players
revealed real dramatic ability in
their forceful interpretations of the
various charactcrs of the pla}% and
held tlx‘ir audience by the grace and
ease with which they played their
The heroine, who was forever
searching for the romance of long
II this modern age. was eharm-
portrayed by Marion Bloor.
cleverly supported by Mar
garet Hauser as the hero, who
brought to her the realization that
there is romance even in the com
mon place things of today. The
role of the doting mother who be
lieved herself to be a helpless inva
lid, was sympathetically enacted by
Mary Brewer. The other members
of the east are by no means less
deserving of praise, for we found
them to be interesting and realistic
reproductions of people with whom
we come in contact almost daily.
The production showed distinctly
a thoroughness of preparation and
drill combined with natural ability,
and much credit is due to Dr. Wil
loughby for lier excellent direction
which was responsible for such grat-
fying results.
North Carolina Glee
Club on Southern Tour
Pyogram of Music to Be Entirely
Different from That Ever
Used Before
The University of North Carolina
Glee Club leaves for its Southern
Tour on February 18. It will be
gone from the Hill for a week and
icludes in its itinerary the follow-
[g places:
Monday—Charlotte (under aus
pices of the Parent-Teacher Associ-
ingly pori
Call to Worship Is
Extended at Y.W.C.A.
“Jesus, Light of the World,” Main
Theme at Vespers
On Sunday evening, P'ebruary 10,
a most impressive devotional service
was led by Miss Mary Johnson.
The scripture, which was read by
Miss Mary Myers Falkener, was the
story of Christ’s ministry. The
main theme of the call to worship
was “Jesus, the Light of the World.”
The ceremony was made more in
spiring bv vical responses from the
Y. W. C. A. choir. The service was
closed with a short prayer by the
Y. W. president.
1 the order which thev
The c
ipoke is:
VIrs. Knowle Mary Bi
rane Millicent Ward
Melisande Marian Bloor
Mr. Knowle - ..Athena Campouraki.'
Bobby . ..Mary Elizabeth Pinkston
Marjorigf Siewers
Gervase Mallory .Margaret Hauser
■Mary Virginia Pendergraph
an Susan, Adelaide Winston
Act I Mr. Knowl(
after dinner.
Midsummer Niglit.
Act II Tlie hill top
Aet III Mrs, Knowle’s sitting
room at teatime.
Midsummer’s Da;
Mabel Mehaffe
Salem Alumnae Holds
Meeting In Durham
Meeting with Mrs. Horace Snow,
at her home in Hope Valley, the
alunvnae of Salem college residing in
Durham heard the future Salem col
lege outlined and considered business
for the year in the local association.
Mrs. W. M. Piatt, president, pre
The house was attractively deco
rated with spring flowers both in the
living and dining rooms. In the lat
ter room the colors of Salem college,
yellow and white, were very much
in evidence. The refreshments like
wise were yellow and white.
The minutes of the last meeting
were read by Miss Elizabeth Hob-
good, secretary, after which plans
for the year’s work M'ere discussed
and ideas exchanged.
The feature of the meeting was
an informal talk by Miss Eleanor
Forman, of the education depart
ment of Salem college. She told of
Salem college of toda}^ and com
pared it with the college of tomor
row. Pictures of the college, some
of them being a hundred years old
and more, were exhibited.
—Durham Morning Herald.
dnesda}—Athens, Ga.
Normal College).
Thursday— Macon, G a (i.
formal College).
b'riday—Anderson,' S. C
’eachers’ College).
Saturday—Asheville (under aus
pices of the Alumni Association,
oneert to be held at the Woman’s
'lub Auditorium).
The personnel of the trip has not
■et been chosen, but will be an
nounced. Although ten days have
been allotted the Club to make its
many other places
throughout the Southern states are
•lamoring for admission to the Glee
Club’s calendar of engagements, the
officers of the Club thought it best
imit the trip to one week only
account of the fact that this
quarter is the shortest of the year
and a prolonged absence from the
Hill may cause many of the mem
bers to fail their work and thus be
ineligible for further work
The program of music to be sung
on this tour will be slightly changed
from the one used on the fall trip.
However, all songs will be new to
the towns in which they are to be
sung. Two sOngs (The Volga
Boatman and Bring a Torch, Jean
ette, Isabella) have been retained by
popular demand from southern spon
sors of the Club. Two very at
tractive new groups of songs have
been added to the Glee Club’s rep
ertoire this season, one being a col
lection of folksongs from Norman
England, and the other being a
modern setting for old English
folksongs, with an arrangement for
baritone solos and chorus. The for
mer group was arranged by W.
Whittaker of Durham University,
Newcastle, England, and has never
been sung in this country before.
They were given by Dr. Whittakei
to Professor Paul John Weaver
head of the Music department here,
for introduction into this country
The latter group will be sung by e
selected chorus and Wesley Gris-
wohl. student soloist with the Glee
At the close of the concert tour, a
free public concert will be given by
the club in Chapel Hill. Tlie date
and details of tliis appearance will
be announced later. A new plan
has been under consideration by the
Music department this year, that of
the Glee Club’s giving one free
concert each quarter. It has met
with the enthusiastic approval of the
faculty and interested students, and
so it has been decided to use this
plan hereafter, and not charge any
admission for any concerts given in
Chapel Hill by the Glee Club. The
concert last quarter was given while
the Press Institute was meeting at
U. N. C. and everyone was admit
ted to the performance without
charge. Owing to the fact that the
seating capacity of the Carolina
Playmakers theatre was so limited,
many students were not privileged
to hear the Glee Club at that time,
and so the program that will be
presented upon the club’s return
from their tour of the South will
be comparativtly new to them.
Professor Nelson O. Kennedy will
accompany the Glee Club as piano
soloist and accompanist on their
next trip, as well as Professor Weav
er, director of the organization.
Ruth Rankin Heard
In Brilliant Recital
morial Hall Is Scene of liendi-
tion of Kxcellent Program.
)n Thursday evening, February
in Memorial Hall, a most de
lightful piano recital was given by
Miss Ruth Rankin. 'Phe program
opened with a l^artita in B. Flat
by Bach. Before beginning
this group of pieces, Miss Rankin
explained the form of the “partita.”
s a collection of dances which
n old-fashioned to us but were
lern in Bach’s day. The first
cement, Praehidium, is not a
ce but forms a prelude for the
group. The Allemande which was
played witr the utmost facility, is
light and graceful nature. The
•ante is characteri.stic of its
e which translates “running.”
The Sarabande forms the slow move-
of the Partita-. It is more mel
odic than the others. There are two
minuets in the group. The first is
and capricious in style
while the second is slower and more
melodic. The Partita ends with the
Gique which closely resembles
modern “jig.” This group of dances
was played with all of the firmness,
steadiness, clearness, and precision
necessary to a good interpretation
of Bach’s music.
Miss Rankin played, next, three
movements of Schubert’s Sonata
A Major; Allegro Moderato, A
dante, and Allegro. The first and
last movements of this sonata
especially outstanding for the skill
wliich the pianist showed in over
coming the technically difficult pas
sages. The last movement was char
acterized by an effective lightness of
touch on the part of the performer.
Especially outstanding in the last
group of pieces which Miss Rankin
played were; . tlie Capri
Brahms which was characterized by
very effective climaxes, the Capric-
cio by Dohnanys which was very
charming, light, and airy in nature,
and was played with great technical
skill, and finally, the Saint-Saens-
Liszt Danse Macabre, in which Miss
Rankin excelled both in technique
and interpretation Before playing
the Danse Macabre, which is unusu
ally picturesque and attractive. Miss
R.ankin explained the story upon
which the piece was composed. In
a graveyard in F'ranee the spirits
are allowed to come forth for a
night of revelry once a year—on
Hallowe’en night. They dance from
midnight until dawn. At the begin-
(Continued on Page Two.)
French Club Meets
Urgular Meeting Held on February
i;S; Interesting Program
After roll call and minutes, re
freshments were served during which
thne conversation in French was
carried on. The program was then
presented. Miss Cummings read an
interesting paper on “Philosophic
Moderne.” The Club then was en
tertained by a record, “Roses of
Picardy,” as rendered by a popular
Frehch violinist. After this Miss
Dunn read a most interesting report
of “The Rose of Sharon,” by Thar-
aud, a novel of tlie twentieth cen
tury which treats of the life of a
young orthodox Jew who breaks
away from the bonds and customs of
his race to mingle with gentiles and
became unorthodox. After experi
encing many vicissitudes of a search
ing life he makes his way to Paris.
There lonely and penniless he finds
comfort and rest only in an old store
among strictly orthodox surround
ings, among those things which he
had spent his life denouncing. From
there he sets out on a new li'’
thus the novel ends. The last i
her was an article entitled “America
and Our.selves,” an article by Barth-
clmy, read by Miss E. Vaughn
Dr. Rondthaler Speaks
Expanded Chapel Hour
le Ijenten Season Subject for In
teresting Address
Dr. Rondthaler was the speaker
the Expanded Chapel Service on
Wednesday morning, February 13.
He gave a very interesting account
of Lent, its significance, and espe-
connection with the forty
days which Christ spent in the wil
derness. This talk was very inspi
rational to many, since Wednesday,
being universally recognized as Ash
Wednesday, marked the opening of
the I.enten season.
Ash Wednesday is a day of prsiy-
meditation and reverence, and in-
iduces a season which should be
characterized by these same experi
ences. The ensuing forty days have
been designated by the term Lent—
derived from an Anglo Saxon word
lencen. As a season Lent has many
spiritual implications to those of
the Christian faith, and is abserved
in almost all the countries of the
With the observance of Lent comes
the association of Christ’s forty days
spent in the Wilderness. This As
sociation is only parallelism, how
ever, since Lent is not based on
these experiences of the forty days.
Dr. Rondthaler then read the ac
count of Jesus’ temptation found in
the fourth chapter of Matthew. This
story, he said, was told by Jesus to
an intimate group of friends, prob
ably the disciples. By this account
Christ revealed His susceptibility to
temptation which was of course a
great shock to the people.
The temptation revealed that
Jesus was placed in an environment
for which He was not prepared. If;
John had been placed in the sameS
circumstances he probably would not
have been tempted, since he knew
how to provide food for himself;
Had Christ used Flis own power to
turn the stones into bread and thus
supply His own needs the Cross
would never have been possible.
This temptation then indicated
whether He would be of service to
Himself or would serve others. This
story. Dr. Rondthaler concluded,
should have a special significance
for everyone today, since each and
every individual should be asking
himself the question—how can I
others instead of myself?
ceding his lecture, Dr. Rond
thaler made a few remarks express
ing his pleasure and approval of the
Academy honor roll for the last se
mester. He stated that the achieve
ments of the Academy girls mean
much to the college, for Salem Acad
emy is the mother of Salem College.
Dr Rondthaler added that records
show that graduates of the Academy
have been among those students in
North Carolina colleges who have
made the highest averages.
Tea Given For
High School Seniors
Off-Campus Students to Entertain
'I'his afternoon from three to five
o’clock, Dr. and Mrs. Rondthaler
and the off-campus Salem students
are hostesses to the Senior girls of
Richard J. R'^ynolds High School
who finished in January and those
who will graduate in June, and their
faculty advisors. The guests will
be greeted in Main Hall by Dr.
and Mrs. Rondthaler, Miss Stipe,
Margaret Vaughn and Lillyan New
ell. From here they will be es
corted to Alice Clewell living room
where some of the seniors are serv
ing tea. Each student will then
show her espeiially invited guests
over the campus and through the
buildings, seeking to interest these
high school girls in choosing Salem
as their Alma Mater.

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