I Z S4I VOL. XX. WINSTON-SALEM, N. C., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1939. Number 4. Mr. Higgins Talks On Munitions Flaetories producing such materials as rayon and dye-stuffs are poten tial munition plants, Mr. Charles H. Higgins, head of Salem’s science department told us in a chapel talk Tuesday morning. He used as his topic for discHssion “Munitions of Peace and Munitions of War.” Germany has led the world in the manufacture of substitutes for basic war materials, he said. Substitutes for rubber have been successfully produced from a gas and oil from corn. Coal can be chemically treat ed to produce a substitute for gaso line. But all nations are using the eame plan of double -use of chemi cal factories. At the outbreak of war, plants that have been engaged in the manu facturing of peace-time products quickly become factories of muni tions of all kinds. Smokeless powder is produced by the machines that manufactured ray on and its by-products. A similar situation is found in dye-stuff fac tories, whose powers may quickly be turned to the production of high ex plosives. McKOY, FORREST AND HARREL ARE TENNIS CHAMPS Kitty McKoy and Sara Barnum played a hard-fought tennis match Wednesday afternoon, with McKoy winning two straight sets 6-3; 10-8. MeKoy led all the w^ay in the first set, but the second set was like a see saw with first one girl ahead, then the other. When the see-sawing finished, McKoy was on top with a tennis-tourndment victory. The finals of the upperclassman tournament were completed Friday Morning with Sue Forrest and Cath erine Harrell defeating Sallie Emer son and Buth Schnedl. Three sets were played: the scores were 6-2, 1-6, C-2. Heres to the winners! WAR-ETTES Because of the great world impor tance of the war, perhaps Salem Wants to know a little more about it. For that reason weji^'ill print, from time to time, short articles on troubles. a non-political view, of Europe’s German Draws Sentence For Soap Hoarding Berlin—The first conviction under wartime regulations against hoard ing of staples was reported today from Hamburg. Tried in Summary Court on charges of hoarding soap and other laundry articles valued at 70 marks (about $28). Gustav Schmidt, 53 was sentenced to eighteen months’ im prisonment. Under the present rationing sys tem, every German receives one stick of shaving soap every five months and about a quarter pound of laun dry soap monthly. Dr. Wenhold Conducts Interesting Chapel Trip Dr. Lucy Wenhold, head of the Modern Language Department of Salem, presented in Wednesday chapel a talk on her recent trip to the West Indies and South America. The two most intresting places were Haiti and Surinam. Hjaiti, an island east of Cuba, is the sec ond largest of the West Indies is lands and probably the most beau tiful. It is divided into two negro and mulatto republics. S'anta Domingo, the first white set tlement of the new world, is a very picturesque city when approached from the water. Upon close view one notices that it is really rather slovenly. There is, nevertheless, a distinct charm about the place. Haiti is really a land of mystery. Its soul is the soul of the black man. At night one can hear the beating of drum.s, calling the followers of the Voodoo religion. The Haitian language is a strange one — it has no rules of grammar. This lan guage barrier between the natives and the higher class, who speak French, is very distinct and un conquerable. Music in Haiti is also apparently without rule, form, or de sign. The instruments are crude, but somehow the players manage to keep together and play with surprising lack of discord. Surinam, the northernmost city on Dr. Wenhold’s summer trip, is a very interesting one. Because the land is very low the houses aje built up on piles. A great asset is the very beautiful Surinam, river. Dutch is the language spoken in Surinam; and Dr. Wenhold, even with French, Portugese, Spanish, and English at her command, was at a loss to con verse with tie people there. The houses are clean looking, attractive, and open. On the streets of the city itself one is astonished at t^e variety of nationalities with their colorful clothes — Dutch, Javanese, Hindu, Chinese, Duteh-Portugese, Jew.s, town negroes and occasional bush negroes whose beliefs and prac tices are much the same as the Hai tians. Often asked why she prefers to travel S'outh, Dr. Wenhold explains that North Americans have much to offer these countries. Europe, estab lished in her own culture and civili zation, does not welcome suggestions from abroad. The problems of South America are much the same as ours, we being in the same hemi sphere. It is our responsibility to take an interest in and help our Southern neighbors. Senior Swing Tomorrow Night On Saturday night, October 14, at 8:30 o’clock, the first “Senior Swing” of the year will be in ses sion. For the benefit of the new stu dents, this ‘ ‘ Senior Swing ” is an informal dance given by the Seniors in the Recreation Room of Louisa Bitting Building. There is a small admission fee of ten cents per girl and fifteen cents per girl, plus date. Every one is invited, and we guar antee a good time for all! Salem's Student Government Entertains London Movies Open During Day London—London’s West End—the British Broadway — regained a lit tle of its war-lost gaiety today with the reopening of movies for daytime But even though the familiar bright lights flashed until dusk there ^as a reminder that it was wartime watchers and air raid standing by at each theatre. (Continued on Page Three) ACADEMY NEWS STUDENTS ON HISTOKICAI. TOUR A group of Salem Academy stu dents left this week on the first of the series of histarical trips to be made during the year. The girls and their faculty chap erones were entertained in Martins ville, Va., by Mr. and Mrs. B. M. Simmons, parents of Miss Charlotte Simmons, who was on the tour. The trip included a night at Nat ural Bridge, Va., and one at Char lottesville. At Lexington, Va., the girls were breakfa.st guests of Major and Mrs. J. M. Frav, who are parents of Miss Elizabeth Fray, a student at the Academy. Saturday afternoon the group visited Monticello and the Massa- nutten Caverns. Returning home the girls and fac ulty members visited Sweet Briar and Bandolph-Macon Colleges. They were guests of former Academy stu- (ContiniMd On P«(« F«ur) The Student Government Asso ciation of Salem entertained Satur- day night at 8:30 o’clock at a formal party in the gymnasium in honor of the new students. Basil Freeman and his orchestra from High Point provided music for the occasion, which was the first formal entertainment of this school year for the entire student body and faculty. The gymnasium, decorated to rep resent an autumn scene, was festive with red and yellow leaves and pump kins against corn stalks. Elizabeth Norfleet was in charge of decora tions. During intermission apple cider and cookies were served from tables cov ered with red and white checked cloth. The campus was unusually gay with young men, best beaux, fav orite friends and brothers from all sections of the state, who came to attend the entertainment. Elizabeth Hendrick, president of Student Self-Government As.socia- tion, was in charge of plans and ar rangements for the occasion. Assist ing her were Ella Walker Hill, Lee Ritre, Agnes Lee Carmichael. Students with their escorts were greeted at the door by a receiving line made up of the following: Miss Grace Lawrence, Dr. and Mrs. How ard E. Eondthaler, Elizabeth Hen drick, and Miss Sarah Turlington. , Officers and class representatives of this year’s council are in addition to Misses Hendrick, Norfleet, Rice, Hill and Carmichael; S'ara Burrell, Louise Norris, Catherine Harrell, Virginia Breakell, Jane Alice Dill- ing, Betty Sanford, Kathryn Cole, Marguerite Bodie, Emily McCoy, Marvel Campbell, Patty McNeely, Elizabeth Weldon, Dorothy Dixon, Margaret Vardell, Reece Tomas. BOOK FROM THE LIBRARY WEEK-END SHELF Initial Meeting of Math Club Wednesday evening at 7:00 o’clock the Mu Alpha Theta held its first meeting af the year in the recrea tion room of Louisa Bitting Build ing. Plans for revision of the con stitution were discussed and a com mittee composed of Reece Thomas, Leila Johnston, and Sallie Emerson was appointed to rewrite the con stitution. Sallie Emerson is the newly-elected chairman of the social a numbers game and refreshments, committee and Frances Angelo chair man of the program committee for this year. The meeting closed with Swain and Creson To Present Opera Next Thursday morning in Chapel Kathryn Swain and Carolyn Creson will present the last half of the third act from Mozart’s opera, “The Mar riage o' Rgaro. ” At this point in the opera much has happened to upset the Countess, Kathryn Swain. Her husband is faithless, in love with her own maid Susanna, Carolyn Creson; and the situation is apparently becoming more and more hopeless. All the schemes of the Countess and Susap- na, who by the way is in love with Figaro, the Count’s servant, have been unsuccessful in making the Count see that he is really in love with the Countess. But the two women have finally conceived a plan which they hope and trust will suc ceed. Susanna and the Countess will exchange clothes; and the Countess, disguised as Susanna will meet the Count in the garden that night In the scene that is to be present ed we find the Countess greatly dis traught, pouring out her heart in one of the most beautiful arias ever written. Her aria, ‘ ‘ Flown for Ever,” is truly one of the noblest expressions of grief th^t have ever been conceived by man. In great contrast to this is the Letter Duet which immediately follows the con clusion of Kathryn’s aria. It is here that the Countess dictates to Sus anna the letter which is to inform the Count of his rendezvous with Susanna. This duet is delightful in its display of lyric, yet subtle hu mor. During tlie course of the duet the stage lights are dimmed, leaving only th'e light from two candelabra. Thus, to the quiet accompaniment of the music, the curtain brings to a close Act III. ' S'o, we say — ‘ ‘ who else but Moz art could have welded into one short section such a range of emotions — from tragedy to light-hearted laugh ter?” We look forward to this pres entation on Thursday. New Home Ec onomics Students Honored at Picnic STUDENT GOVERNMENT INSTALLATION SERVICE “Throufjh student government, citizens of a college campus live to gether intelligetly with respect for the rights of others,” Elizabeth Hen drick, said last week in a speech to the new students of Salem at a Stu- det Government installation service conducted in the Old Chapel. The purpose of the impressive candle-light service was to pledge new students to membership in the Student Self-Government Association of the college. The council mem bers, wearing white dresses under academic robes, were seated in a semi-cirele on the stage. Every new student signed a pledge to become “an honorable member of the Student Self-Government As sociation of Sal^m College; to obey its rules and to uphold its highest principles, and to the best of my ability to influence others to do so.’’ After signing the pledge each new member of' the student association lighted a candle from a light being held by Miss Hendrick. “The purpose of student govern ment.’’ Miss Hendrick told the group, “is to promote the highest standards of honor and integrity in all matters of personal conduct; to increase the sense of individual re sponsibility, and to (incourage co operation between the faculty and students in matters of government. ‘ ‘ Further, ” she said, ‘ ‘ its purpose is to enact and enforce laws con cerning the conduct and general com munity welfare of the students; to foster an intelligent interest in all phases of college life, and to pre pare its members for assuming the (Continned on Pa(* Fear) A picnic supper was the treasure found by the new members of the Salem College Home Economics Club on Monday night when the “old” members entertained in their honor. The affair took place around the out door fire place on the lower campus at 6 0 ’clock. Members of the club assembled at the Lizora Fortune Hanes Home- Management House at 5 o’clock. From here the “fortune-seekers” were directed by Elizabeth Norfleet, president of the club, to the first clue. Cleverly-rhymed clues were concealed at various i>laces on the campus. A supper consisting of ham burgers and hot dogs and other pic nic specialties was served. The honor guests were the new students who are home economies major.s. They are: Irene Cooper, Jeanne Cowper, Ann Hughson, Elizabeth Jackson, Dorothy Mc Adams, Frances Moody, Dorig Nebel, Barbara Plumer, Frances Solomon, Ethel Stevens, Mary Louise Park Inez Parrish, Lois Swain, Barbara Wood, Mary Frank Wilkerson, Sara Bowen, Beckie Jane Kester and Polly Herrman, Faculty members present were: Mrs. Elizabeth O. Meinung, Mrs. Williani Ball; and Misg Jane Crow. The occasion was the regular monthly meeting of the Home Eco nomics Club. After supper. Miss Nor fleet presided. Assisting Miss Norfleet in plans and arrangements for the treasure hunt were: vice-president. Eve Tom linson; .secretary, Gladys Blackwood; treasurer, Harvi.son Smitb; chairman of social committe, Ella Walker Hill; chairman of i>ublicity, Mattie Mae Reavis; chairman of program committee, Jane Alice Dilling; chair man of finance committeqj Barbara Norman. Day Students’ Tea An informal tea was given last Fri day afternoon from four to six o’clock in South Hall by the Day Student’s House Committee in hon or of the mothers of the new Day Students. The purpose was better to acquaint the mothers with the Ric- ulty. ^ Catherine Harrell, Sue Forrest, and Melba Mackie met the guests at the door of South Hall and pre sented them to the receiving line, composed of: Miss Sarah Turling ton, dean of Day Students; Sarah Burrell, House president, Lib Hen drick, president of Student Govern ment, and the heads of each Depart ment. In the living room where tea was served, a musical program with Betty Jane Nalley in charge was presented. Doris Highsmith, Peggy Eaton, and Doris Shore sang, and Margaret Vardell, Katherine Walker and Mar garet I^einbach played the piano. June Hire and Julia McCorkle poured tea. Vera Mae Lanning, Bar bara Lasley, Eugenia Baynes, Mary (Continued on Page Four) ’’Spaughs” Enter tained at Coffee On Monday evening, October 9, Rev. and Mrs. Gordon Spaugh were guests of the college for dinner and afterwarls were entertained at cof fee in the living room of Louisa Wilson Bitting building with all girls who are member or associate mem bers of the Home Moravian Church. Miss Turlington poured coffee. Mrs. Rondthaler, Miss Lawrence, Mrs. Leinbach, and Dr. Wenhold were also present.