VOL. XXIV. WINSTON-SALEM, N. C„ NOVEMBER 19. 1943. Committee Names VOICE STUDENTS Six Candidates jciVE RECITAL For May Queen Jean Fulton, Virginia MeMurray, Leila Sullivan, Sebia Midyetta. Naney Stone, and Normie Tomlin have,been chosen as candidates for May Queen and Maid of Honor by the nominating committee from students’ suggestions. The election will be held Monday night, Novem ber 22, at 6:45 in the Old Chapel. Petitions for any senior endorsed by thirty-two students may be sub- emitted until 9:00 a. m. Monday. The girl receiving the highest num ber of votes will be Queen and the runner-up will be Maid of Honor. Essential for the May Queen and her court are good posture, graces fulness, neatness, beauty, and gra ciousness. The nomination committee con sisted of Jean Fulton, chairman; Sue Willis, Peggy Nimocks, Peggy Witherington, and Patty Zimmer man. “VIVA ITAUA” "ANSCOMBE Dr. Francis Anscombe spoke on “Italy, Her Builders and Her In vaders” in assembly on Tuesday, No vembc'T 16th. The Iccture started with a brief resume of IToman Iiistory: the found ing of Rome in 763, and the fall of Kome in 410. Dr. Anscombe pointed out the many great Roman contri butions to civilization, including the building of l)ridge's, cathedrals, state buildings, roads, and the advance ments in law. In spite of the slav ery and war, Italy had the best form of government known at that time. At one time Italy was “a mere geographic expression.” It had been invaded by many; the Church had spread its power, and it can eas ily been seen that unification was impossible under these cireumstances. It was by the work of such men as Garibaldi, Cavour, Mezzini, and Na poleon that Italy eventually became unified. Dr. Anscombe went on to tell the importance of the Renaissance, and the many great Italian contributors. Italy was the center of art, beauty, culture, genius, and trade at that time. Venice was the binking cen ter of the world. In speaking of Mussolini, Dr. Ans combe declared that he was immoral ■—the lack of a personal code of hon or was one of the main reasons for his downfall. He was over-ambi tious in his desire to restore the former Roman Empire. Dr. Anscombe, in predicting the future of Italy, said that Victor Emanuel III, the present king of Italy, should not be deposed, for a bad government is still better than none at all. Italy has had a great past—she will tave a great future. Monday evening at 8:30 o’clock in Memorial Hall, the School of Music will present an evening recital by the Voice Department. The pro gram will be as follows: ITna Voce Poco Pa (Barber of Se ville) Eossini Jane Frazier Su, Crudele (La Favorita) Donizetti Juanita Miller Gavotte (Manon) Massenet Norma Rhodes How’s My Boy? Homer Catherine Johnson My Lovely Celia Arr. Wilson Betty Lou Ball Passing By Purcell Dr. C. L. Gray Connais Tu (Mignon) Thomas Billie Wall Un Bel Di (Madame butterfly) Puccini Gwendolyn Mendenhall II Est Doux (Herodiade) ....Massenet Ella Lou Taylor Quando Me’n Vo Golletta ....Puccini Jean McNew I Will Extol Thee Costa Becky Nifong Miss Elizabeth Johnston will be the accompanist. The performers are pupils of Mr. Bair and Mrs. Starr. Stee Gee Votes To Change Social Laws WAR CORRESPONDENT LECTURES HERE TUESDAY WEEK’S NEWS IN REVIEW HIGGINS ATTENDS MEET Mr. Higgins, head of the science department, attended a meeting of the American Chemical Society in Charlotte this week. Dr. W. A. Gib bons, director of the General Re search of the United States Rubber Company, spoke to the group on “Synthetic Rubber.” Dr. Laura Hall, a graduate of Sa lem, was also present. There will be a meeting of the American Chemical Society in Win ston-Salem about the last of Febru ary or the first of April. The science ®iajors of Salem will be allowed to ®ttend. ON THE RUSSIAN FRONT— The most decided successes this week have been made by ITussia in pushing back the Germans. The battle on the Russian front is in the midst of another crisis. The Reds have captured Zhitomir, thus cutting in two Hitler’s thousand mile front. Now the Red Army is making final preparations for the Winter Campaign which authorit ative sources believe will push the Germans from the last inch of Russia soil. The Russians have been making steady advances and have swept up more than fifty towns and vil lages beyond Kiev. The biggest victories this week have been the capture of Chepoviehi, fiiieeii ntiles southwest of Koro(sten, a junction of the Kiev-Warsaw and Odessa-Leningrad railways. The Red Army also isolated the l)ig Getman garrison at Gomel in ■VV hite Russia, sent an , armored spearhead to within striking distance of the prewar Polish border, and converged on the Northern Ukraine rail bastion of Korosten, whose fall is expected soon. The Russians killed 3,000 Germans and seized fourteen villages, in cluding the rail station of Demekhi. TMs cut the Gomel-Kalinkovichi railway and highway. General Vatutin’s northern Ukraine army took Baranovka, thirty-five miles from the old Polish border. The Russians were converging on Korosten. They were less than fi^. teen miles southeast of that vital rail junction on the Leningrad- Odessa line, and twenty-five miles to the northeast, where they cap tured Kaganovich-Khabnaya. ON THE ITALIAN FRONT— The Yanks have not been quite so successful as the Russians. TVo German counterattacks have driven American outposts from a small'area of Mount Croce north of Venafro. Bad weather immobilized most Allied forces, but the British Eighth Army gained some ground north of Atessa. They lost only one feature of the hill and firmly held other heights above Venafro. Only minor patrol skirmishes were reported along the Eighth Army, running from the central heights of the Appennines to the Sangro (Continued On B«ek Page) The Legislative board of the Stud ent Government held its first meet ing Thursday night, November 18, in the Day Students’ Center. The Legislative board meets at least twice a year to alter old rules or laws and to malce new ones. Becky Cozart, on-campus vice- president of the Student Government Association and chairman of the Legislative board, opened the meet ing. The first action taken at the meet ing was to elect a secretary for the Legislative board. Mary Lewis was elected and immediately assumed of fice. The following petitions were pre sented: 1. Smoking (see paragraph in Handbook on designated smoking rooms). The above places will be closed from 10:30 p. m. to 7:00 a m. except on Saturday when they will remain open. Girls may smoke in these designated places after 10:30 when taking light cuts. This does not apply to the campus living room of Alice Clewell. Shopping—Students may visit neighborhood drug stores without signing out from 8:00 a. m. to 10:00 p. m. Students may go to neighbor hood drug stores on Sunday between the hours of 8:00 a. m. to 10:30 a. m. and 1:00 p. m. to 10:00 p. m. Girls who go to the drug store on Sunday with dates must sign in and out in the office of the dean of res idence. These two social regulations be came rules by the unanimous vote of the board. 3. A student, in order to be eli gible for a principal office must have an average of C for the pre vious semester. She must maintain at least this average or forfeit the office. This third petition involves a change in the constitution and con soquently must be passed on by the student body after a two-thirds ma jority vote of the board. A FRESHMAN CLASS LEADS INENDOWMENTREIURNS MtSS ETHYLENE SAMPLY CHALLENGES STUDENTS Miss Ethylene Samply, Director of Christian Education at the Cente nary Methodist Church spoke at As sembly on Thursday, November 18. Miss Samply, who has had extensive University connections with Geor gian and Northern Universities, op ened her talk by saying that she had chosen the future, our future, as her subject. He asked several questions that are intensely pertinent to our future roles in life. Are we, as rep resentatives of youth, the hope of the world! Are we intellectually aware of our responsibilities in the future solving of the problems of races, hungry peoples, the tragedies of the world? Are we physically able to face these problems? Are we spiritually awake and emotion ally mature for building the new world! Jesus Christ, “The Light of the World,” is our help and sustaining force. We may make this light shine more brightly in our lives by thinking of the Light as a Torch, the strength of flame that causes people to give themselves to a pur pose. We must have that flame. We may think of the Light as an acety lene torch, a blue-white flame that stands against the elements to cut or weld; so we must have this flame to cut through great bonds of prob lems and to Weld together the right forces to make a strong, democratic world. Do we have the strength of flame in our hearts to accomplish our purpose? Are we the hope of the world? In the report of percentage results, announced in Assembly Thursday, November 18, the freshman class was leading the student body with 91% of its members pledging to the Endowment Fund. Other class percentages were: Senior class, 82%; Junior class, 67 %; Sophomore class, 83%, and Business department, 67.5%, bringing the student body average to about 80%. Faculty re port has not yet been announced. The Endowment Campaign for $500,000 authorized by the Board of Trustees for Salem Academy and College is now under way. Mr. David Weinland, associate to the President, returned today from trips to Atlanta, Ga.; Greenville, S. C., and High Point, N. C., where he vis ited this week developing the Alum nae Campaign which will begin in February, 1944. The Endowment Campaign Plan, under professional direction, is in four phases as follows? (1) Special Gifts for which some 250 prospccts with larger means have been inter viewed by 36 of the leading business men of Winston-Salem. The goal set for this phase is $350,000; (2) The Campus Effort, now in active solicitation in which the student bodies and faculties of Salem Acad emy and College are to subscribe; (3) The Winston-Salem Effort to ,be made during December, 1943 ^nd January, 1944; (4) The Alumnae (campaign is set for February-March 1944. , ’ The Endowment Fund payments are to be made between December 1 1943, and November 30, 1945_ ipj^g fund is purely endowment designed: I. To meet the academic re quirements of the leading American accrediting agencies, thereby bring ing to a higher level the general standing of the institution. To endow for Salem Academy and College Library with a suffic ient maintenance fund to assure its maximum usefulness. p- To establish and maintain cer tain chairs in major departments of tno College, giving to these chairs. Whenever appropriate and desirable, the names of persons who have been prominently connceted with the in stitution. To establish a sound Retire ment Plan under which members of le Administration, Faculty, and , ™ay be assured a measure of social security. house presidents elected for year In a close election November 17 Hazel Watts ’45 was elected presi dent of Strong Dormitory for 194.S- 44 over Virginia Maclver. Emily Harris ’45 defeated Elizabeth Beck with for that office in the Sisters’ House. Sub-officers of the two houses will be announced later. Ira Wolfert, Pulitzer Prize win ning war correspondent in the Solo mons for the North American News paper Alliance, will speak here at Memorial Hall, Tuesday night, No- vemerb 23, at 8:00 o’clock. His sub ject will be: How Long Will it Take us to Defeat Japan? Ira Wolfert is not only a famed war correspondent. He is the author of several books, including “Battle for the Solomons,” “Torpedo 8,” dealing with the Pacific war, and a novel titled, “Tuckers People,” concerning the notorious numbers lottery in New York. He gathered this material while covering the Hines policy racket trials. His best books are, of course, those about war in the South .Pacific where he distinguished himself as an eye witness reporter of one major battle after another. ‘I saw our navy sink sixteen Japanese warships in two days dur ing the great November 13-15 bat tle off Guadalcanal, and I was ex cited,” says Wolfert. “My friends back home refrained from being im pressed. They could not see what was so importaint about sinking sixteen Japanese ships when we had lost six hundred merchant ships in the Atlantic. It never occurred to them that sinking these sixteen war ships immobilized hundreds of con voys for the time and that it may be years before Japan can possibly replace them.” Wolfert will describe the magnif icent performance of Uncle Sam’s fighting airmen in these operations. He declares that, according to the Navy’s confirmed reports, no fewer than eight hundred and eigthy Jap anese planes were destroyed in aerial combat or on the ground in the Solomons engagement alone. Ira Wolfert cites the Battle of Guadalcanal as being indirectly re sponsible for the later triumph now recorded in history as the Battle of the Bismark Sea. This battle was fought more than eight-hundred miles from Guadalcanal and was not participated in by Guadalcanal forces. Yet that great victory by United States forces, according to Wolfert, was founded on the suc cess at Guadalcanal. He explains this paradox—apparent at first sigth by asserting that because Tojo’s warships were destroyed in the Solomons the Japanese were unable to send urgently needed reinforce ments and supplies to the Bismark Sea engagement. The 33 year old author of “Battle of the Solomons” who began his newspaper career at 15 will tell his audience why he believes that the war in the South Pacific has been, and must remain pre-eminently a sea and not an air campaign. Fight ing aircraft, he contends, is a vital auxiliary force, but when Japan finally capitulates to combined allied assault, first laurels will go to the United States and British Navies. CINGNAM TAVERN REOPENS SATURDAY The first re-opening of the Ging ham Tavern, prodigy of the Home Economics Club, will be held in the basement smokehouse of CleweU from eight o’clock until ten-thirty Saturday night. The floor show, under the direction of Mary Alice Neilson, will begin at nine. Snookie Willis and Sarah Mer ritt are “overseers” for this re opening. Academy and college girl and dates are invited.