49 Rat Week Is Here To Stay go The Underclassmen Say. Volume XXX Have Fun on Halloween But Let’s Keep The Campus Clean. Number 6 HAY CCUKir cr 19SC sil * Girls to attend May Queen, Dot Massey are seated on floor left to right: Ann Carrington, Lynchburg, Vir ginia: Betty Griffin, Durham; Mary Barrett, Akron, Ohio: Fran Isbell, Greenville, S. C. Standing left to right: Lou Davis. Morganton; Anne Coleman, Burlington: Louise .Stacy, Lumberton; Sally Ann Borthivick, Winston-S alem; Connie Neamand, Philadelphia, Pa.; Laura Harvey, Kinston; and Betty Kincaid, Linco'-nton. ■ Not pictured is Lucy Harper of Lenoir. Ruth Discusses Bomb, Russia by Ruth Lenkoski The fairly recent news that the Russians now have the atomic bomb has changed the indifferent atti tudes of many American citizens. Although this fact has not changed the situation between Russia and the United States, it has wiped out some of the complacency which has been characteristic of many “al mighty Americans.” It is evident that the American attitude toward the very dire crisis which the world finds itself in today is expressed in the hypothetical speculation of wdien the next war will be accompanied by one of three opinions on what action can be taken. First there are those who believe in the “do-nothing” policy—the de featists or fatalists. This group considers any action futile in an at tempt to stop World War III. Second, there are those who hon estly believe that the United States should continue to build up her arms and keep in step with the Russions—an action which unless counteracted by something unknown to most people can only end up in the greatest explosion in the history of man. Third, there are those wdio have chosen the most difficult decision for the individual to live up to— that is to act constructively to the fullest in educating people to peace. These people realize that unless such a program progresses quickly it will be futile also. This group also realizes, howmyer, that public opin ion, if it is heard, can bring action. The reason wdiy this third group IS small in membership is that al though they want peace like every one else they are the few wdio can think in terms other than those of arms. Next w'eck Salem students wdll have opportunity to speak their opinions on action for survival in this column. Dr. Todd To Speak Dr. William B. Todd, head of the English Department, will speak on the editions of Goldsmith’s “De serted Village” at the first faculty research meeting of the year. The i^eeting will be held in the Lizora Hanes Practice House Monday night at 7:30. Peterson Heads SteeGeeForm’ Vocal Forum To Be Saturday Seniors May Compete To Study Abroad In 50-51 Seniors at Salem College may enter national competition for gradu ate study scholarships abroad. Dean Hixson announced this week. These scholarships are government grants and are made possible by the Fulbright Act or Public Law 584, 79th Congress. They are under Ihe direction of the Department of State and the President’s Board of Foreign Scholarships. There are three basic qualifications for applicants : American citizen- ■^ship; possession of a college de gree or its equivalent by the time Paul W. Peterson, head of the voice department of Salem College, will preside at a vocal clinic to be held at Catawba College in Salis bury on Saturday, October 29. The day-long conference is spon sored by the National Association of Teachers of Singing, and voice teachers of the southeast will be present. Purpose of the meeting, Mr. Peterson said, is to aid in more effective voice teaching. The day’s program will include a forum on pertinent vocal problems, a business meeting, an afternoon clinic, a ban quet and an inspirational talk by a national officer of the association, Mr. Peterson announced. Members of the executive com mittee who will be present at the conference are Harry Taylor of Catawba College, Regional Gover nor, Mrs. George Craig, representa tive-at-large, Lome Grant of Greensboro, Earl Berg of Davidson College, and Mr. Peterson. Tomorrow night from 8:00 until 12:00 o’clock the gymnasium will be turned into a carousel for the first formal dance of the year. This' annual affair is being sponsored by the Student Government Associa tion. Art Lopez and his orchestra will provide music for the dancing. The figure will be composed of members of the Executive Com mittee and their dates. They are: Louise Stacy with Hugh Reams, Sally Ann Borthwick wdth Dr. Bill Sanford, Susan Johnson with Char lie Vance, Jane Krauss with Jim Wilson, Helen Kessler with Barbee Counsel, Margaret Thomas with Noawood Chestnut, Lucy Harper with Soup Porter, Clinky Clink- Marshall with Bill Van Story, and scales with George Miller, Lynn Lola Dawson with Bill Peters. They will be presented through a carou sel door covered with hobby horses and streamers. Brandt, Barker Exhibit Works At Gallery On Wednesday, October 26, a 'oint exhibition of the work of Salem’s two art instructors, War ren Brandt and Walter Barker, opened at the Arts and Crafts Workshop. In this exhibition Mr. Brandt is showing several pieces of work done in Paris and Rome, and other paint ings, lithographs, and gouaches. Mr. Barker is showing drawings, an etching, and one painting. The exhibition is quite varied, including both abstraction and portraiture, and will run until November IS. The Arts and Crafts Workshop is located at 404 North Main Street. I. R. C. Holds First Meeting Mary Turner Rule was elected president of the International Re lations Club at their meeting held last Monday, October 24, in the living room of Bitting dormitory. Frances Horne and Mary Turner Rule were in charge of the program and told about their visit to Europe this past summer. They told of the places they visited and interesting stories about them. They also told of the people they met, the langu ages that they heard spoken, and the different costumes they saw being worn. Miss Marsh and Miss Samson, who also visited Europe, w^ere present at the meeting. After the program, committees for the coming year were appointed. The program committee consists of Dale Smith, Clara Belle LeGrand, and Sybel Haskins. The Refresh ment committee is composed of Sis Pooser and Janet Zimmer. Plans for the coming year were also ^dis cussed. After the meeting adjourned, ice cream sandwdehes were served to the group. Should Rat Week Be Continued at Salem? Student Body Seems Divided On Answer Whether or not “Rat Week” should be continued has become a much discussed question on cam pus. The Salemite took a pool on the problem this past week and found that the majority of students think that it should be allowed to go on, but not in the present form. The majority of the freshman class were in favor of its continua tion. Now that (he “ratting” has ended, the freshmen seem to be ammusingly looking back at the three day period when they, as shmoos, obeyed their most honor able sophomore masters. One fresh man commented, “It was more fun than I have ever had”. Another frosh expressed the general feel ing of her classmates in stating, “1 think that if it had not been for ‘Rat Week’, I would not know the sophomores as well as I do". The freshmen who were opposed to this week of “ratting” felt that it came at a time when freshmen were beginning to be homesick, and it was hard on them. The general feeling in favdr of the continuance of “Rat Week” was shown in the sophomore class poll. One of the sophomore ring leaders this year said, ”It proved that the new girls have what it takes, and I am very proud of them”. Another one exclaimed, “They (referring to the ‘shmoos’) were all good sports”. Most sophomores opposed to the continuance of “Rat Week” felt that it would be all right if it were not carried Joo far. The junior class came up with an entirely different feeling toward this Salem custom. The class was generally split on the question. Those favoring its continuance held the opinion that' the freshman ex pected “Rat Week”, and it gave them a chance to meet the other freshmen and sophomores. Appro ximately half of the juniors felt that the week, of “ratting” should be stopped. One junior said, “It’s more spiteful than amusing”, and another thought that it was “out moded”. Several juniors stated that they favored the continuance of “Rat Week”, but not in its present U.,EM cd‘ ! rr,-v,r . form. They suggested that the “week” be concentrated into one day. A few others suggested that it run from six o’clock one night until after Rat Court the following night. The senior class was rather uni form in its opinion of “Rat Week”. All of the seniors interviewed seemed to either think that the whole idea was silly and juvenille or (hat it was too unorganized in its present state to accomplish any thing. Some of them also suggested that it be concentrated into one day. The faculty also, as a while, seemed to think that “Rat Week” was juvenile for college people. One of the professors who is new here this year said that she was sur prised that people of college-level intelligence could enjoy such child ish stunts as were performed dur ing our last “ratting” period. From this poll one can see that the higher one gets in college the less she thinks of the continuation of “Rat Week”. the candidate takes up the award; and sufficient knowledge of the language of the country to carry on the proposed study or research. The candidate’s personal qualifi cations, academic record, and value of the study desired are the basis of selection. No formal examina tion will be given for these com petitive grants, but the candidate will be judged by an examination of his application. The awards include cost of trans portation, tuition, books, or equip ment, and maintenance for one aca demic year. There will be given in 1950-51 22 scholarships in Belgium and Luxembourg, 3 in Burma, 220 in France, 12 in Greece, 25 in the Netherlands, 10 in New Zealand, 6 in the Philippines, 156 in the United Kingdom, and an as yet undeter mined number in Iran, Italy, and Norway. Where all qualifications are ecjual, veteraris will receive preference. All applications must be filed by November 30. Any seniors inter ested in further information see Dean Hixson. Salemites Hear WorldFederalist by Norman Jarrard Samuel Levering, a member of the National Executive Board of the United World Federalists, spoke before the Salem College student body in Memorial Hall at 10:20 Tuesday morning. In a well-or ganized talk he considered the pro blem of “Russia and the Atomic Bomb.” Mr. Levering pointed out that the basic outline of American foreign policy has not been changed by the fact that Russia now has the atomic bomb. This basic foreign policy, he said, includes four major points; dependence on military might, al liances with “so-called friendly na tions,” economic aid to friendly na tions, and support and use of the U. N. Fie saw the most hope in the last point, support of the U. N. However, there has been a change in emphasis within American policy, he said. The arms race has been accelerated. Military alliances abroad have been shaken. There is more effort being made to stren gthen the U. N. The Baruch Pro posal for the control of atomic en ergy has had to be reexamined. There has been a change from se crecy to production of atomic en ergy. America has recognized that closer relations with Canada and Britain are needed. Limited world government, Mr. Levering believes, is the only solu tion to the atomic problem. A body of international civilian police, functioning somewhat like our F. B. I., should be organized. It should have adequate revenue and (Continued on page three) Sampson Shows Europe Slides Miss Sampson of the music de partment will show slides of Eu rope in Chapel Tuesday, Novemberl, and Mrs. Karnes of the education department will describe them. These slides were taken this sum mer in Switzerland, England and France when a group of girls from Salem College and Academy, chap eroned by Miss Sampson and Mrs. iurtti Cprolin

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