S A L E M I T E
Friday, March 20,
NATO Celebrates Tenth Anniversary
♦ ♦ ♦
Salemite editor’s one last perogative.
Mine will be
... IS every
directed toward ...
Corky Scruggs, whose behind-the-scenes work has kept debtors
ami creditors satisfied, an ignorant editor informed on matters of finance,
und the Salemite in the black.
Miss Jess Byrd, whose advice, constructive criticism and en-
couragemenl was given inconspicuously at just the right moment.
certain members of the faculty and administration whoSe expres
sions of approval and interest compensated for the issues that fell flat.
... to Margaret MacQueen, whose close cooperation enabled the
Salemite to give interpretative discussions of student government prob
... to Mr. Cashion, the patient publisher, and Mary Lti Nuckols,
Frances Douglas, Libba Lynch, and Carole King, whose devotion to
the production of the Salemite has no reward e.xcepl jirmters’ ink under
their fingernails and a chilly walk back hi campus.
... to Erwin Robbins, whose excellent work as feature editor .was
matched only by her generosity in donating her car for the Salemite’s
... to Nancy Jane Carroll, whose thoughtful comments and discussion
w'ere a source of personal pleasure to the editor, and, m®re often than
not, a source of editorial inspiration.
... to Mary Jo Wynne and all the former members of the staff who
saw the paper through its first harried weeks.
... to the present staff members, who brought vitality and variety
at the beginning of this semester.
, . to Susan Foard, whose efficient and uncompromising proofreading
has meant a more well-written paper; whose competence and definitive
attitudes are sure to give the student body a newspaper to be discussed
... to the student body, who in contributing to, reading and discussing
the Salemite, made the whole business of publishing and editing worth
' Ten years ago, on April 4, 1949, the United
States broke a tradition that had existed since
the foundation of the republic. Despite the
gloomy predictions of a minority the United
States joined a peace-time military alliance—
NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organi
Tn the past decade both critics and support
ers of NATO have had the opportunity to
assess its accomplishments -and to decide
w^hether the United States was wise or foolish
in entering the alliance. As it happens, the
voices of the critics are strangely ipiiet today.
Indeed, some of them may now be heard on
the opposite side, whispering that NATO really
does not go far enough in its realizations and
In 1949 the United States .joined II other
free nations in NATO, the North Atlantic
Treaty Organization. The partner nations
were Great Britain, T^rance, Canada, Belgium,
The Netherlands, Denmark, Portugal, Italy,
Iceland, Luxembourg and Norway. (In 1952
Greece and Turkey became members of the
allliance, and in 1955 the Federal Republic of
Germany.) All of these nations pledged that
an attack upon any one of them, whether in
Europe or North America, would be regarded
as an attack upon all and would be resisted
by all. But the purpose of the alliance, al
though defensive, was not only military. The
partners also pledged themselves to work to
gether in the political, social, educational,
scientific and economic fields. . Thus for the
first time in history a large community of
nations with a common heritage, a common
love of liberty, religion and law, a shared cul-
PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY OF THE COLLEGE YEAR
BY THE Student Body of Salem College
OFFICES-Lower Floor Moin Hall -- Dov/ntov/n Office-414 Bank St., S.W.
Printed by the Sun Printing Company
Subscription Price—$3.50 a year
News Editor .Carolyn Ray
Feature Editor . . Grace Walker
Headlines Alta Lu Townes
, Joanne Doremos
Rewrite Editors . . Nancy Jane Carroll
Columnists; Mary Lu Nuckols, Bobbie Mor
Faculty Advisor Miss Jess Byrd
Asst. Business Manager
Advertising Manager ..
Asst. Adv. Manager
Copy Editor - — - -Sallie Hickok
Copy Staff—Irene Noell, Sybrilla Caudle,
Cathy Pollard, Healqn Justice, Sue
Sample, Sandy Wimmer.
Wrike Will Wed Qramley;-
Salemites Plan Vacations
tural tradition, banded together in peacetiui
for their common security and their cominoj
On its 10th anniversary NATO stands as tin
hope of the free world. Bitterly reviled I
the Soviets—as a burglar might revile a touj
policeman — and the target of repeated ani
feverish Soviet attempts to weaken or dissok
it, NATO remains the great and indispensabli
buLvark against aggression in Europe or Nortl
America. But as Secretary General Spai
made clear in a recent visit ,to the U. ,
“NATO still lacks many things to make it
perfect organization. What is chiefly laekiai
is the confident backing of public opinisi
which, aware of the importance of its role, i
determined to give NATO its active support
Because' NATO is more than a military a:
liance, it is not enough to support it by su]
porting arras budgets or the assignment (
troops. NATO nations must strengthen the
common heritage of freedom where their rei
power lies. This heritage must be improve
and magnified, by closer international eoope
ation, so that the free world may draw fro
it increased determination to stand firm. Ai
effort that furthers the interchange of ideas-
international scholarships, conferences of s(
enlists and legislators, teachers and busines
men, all attempts to draw the NATO natio:
closer together in their common culture—hel
to advance the cause of NATO. Supported 1
an enlightened public opinion, NATO ci
make possible a decent and secure future f
—American Council on NATO, Ii
... Francis Denies NATO Command Of Flet
President Charles De Gaulle announced this lier present position as a second-rate pow
and once again join the Big Powers. Al
if Prance is awarded a commander-ship,
De Gaulle obviously plans for the Prenchm
to be in charge of the northern tip of Afri
a vital location for forces defending Euro;
By Harriet Herring
kind of sad. 'Moiula.v night 1 watched Betsy Gatling don her
golden banner of Marshalship for the last time. /No more reprimands
from Miss Byrd or Mr. Satidresky. Congratulations and good Ittck,
" Sttzne Cahiness was in New York buying her wedding and bridesmaid
dresses. She and her mother left on tlie train Friday night. Stizie
came back Wednesday after shopping and .show-seeing.
Speaking of weddings, Nollner Morrisett, '’58 graduate, married Smoky
Watts this past weeketid in I.ynchburg. Cnrt Wrike, 1958 Student
Government President and “Diggs” Gramley are getting married June 6.
The freshman class''meeting to discuss Rat Week was quite heated.
Seems that everybody wants it, but the type of ratting is the insolvable
question. Some want to continue hazing; a play-day appeals to others.
Why not combine tliem? Maybe the freslimen ctut solve the problem.
Students and administration have failed to settle it in tlie past. Ideas
for tlie play-day include liaving Dr. Austin chase a greased pig.
Janet Barnette, a former Salemite now attending Emory, is visiting
Rosemary Laney while Emory is liaving Spring vacation.
Joy Perkins is proudly wearing a Wake Forest Delta Sig pin. He’s
Ronny Brown. Betty Jon Satcliwell received a ring from Richard Smitli,
a hometown (Wilson) boy.
Rachel, who sends those beautiful “today” presents from Asheville?
Not just just birtliday or anniversary days, because every day is special.
“I don’t care if you are a science major, get that chameleon out of
this room,” bellows Pat Weeks, to Nan Williams. And 1 suspect Lou
Scales says the same thing to Nancy- Gvvaltny.
Sign on a Clewell door :
Hair cul.s—$.25, by appointment
Edwards and Gilchrist, instigators
Although most Salemites can hardly wait for Easter and home, some
are taking the opportunity to travel. Meribetli Bunch is staying in
Winston. Margaret MacQueen is going to Alabama. Louise Adams will
go to Kansas City to see Bill. Jenny Powell is, going to Boston;
Sherry McKee and Joyce Tyndal will be in Kingsport, Tennessee. Most
of the weaned Salemites will be in New York City—Lydia Seaber, Nan
Higdon, Susan Hughes, Sara Lou Richardson, and Anne Booker. Also
Salem’s own B. B.
Did [ hear a firecracker on tliird floor Clewell at midniglit ? Was
it you. Sue?
Boyce Rich plans to study at tlie University of Geneva next year.
She sails September 30 on. tlie S. S. Liberte and won’t be back until
That’s, it for this week. Happy Easter, Bunnies.
week that Ph-ance will retain control of her
naval forces in the Mediterranean — even in
time of war, denying NATO the command over
this important fleet. This move is contrary to
the main purpose of the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization, which is intended to provide a
unified front to any Communist aggression.
With De Gaulle retaining command of Pran
ce’s naval forces, there is a danger of repeat
ing the mistakes of World War I, when lack
of unified action nearly lost the battle for Wes
tern Europe and forced America to intervene.
It is also feared that others of the NATO
countries may decide to follow Prance. How
ever, France has assured General Lauris Nor-
stad, Supreme Allied Commander, that she
will coojierate with NATO in time of war.
De (^aulle appears to be trying to accomp
lish a double coup by this move. First, he
hopes to force NATO to give to a French gen
eral a position equal in command to those
held presently by an Englishman and, two
Americans. • By this move, France will leave
It would be ea&y then, for Prance to use NA'
forces in their battle against the Algerian
These are mere surmises, but the importai
of the Algerian question is emphasized by 1
fact that De Gaulle outwardly intends to
move from NATO the forces which he nei
now in Algeria. Regardless of his underlyi
purposes) De Gaulle has shown the West tl
he considers the welfare of France more i
portant than the continued unity of NAI
By putting the solution of the Algerian pn
lem first, De Gaulle has undermined the Wes
cohesion. By this move he has given Rus
a great psychological victory. The Commuc
countries can now point with satisfaction
ward, the first evidence of a breakdown
NATO and the West’s defensive alliance.
Overstreets Stress Openminded Search
For Agreement With Debate Opposition
By Ann Brinson
The I.ecture Series presented an
unusual program on Monday night
—a husband and wife team, Mr.
and Mrs. Overstreet, both of whom
are eminent psychologists, prolific
authors, and outstanding authori
ties on the communist system of
government. Those facts make
them a very unusual pair.
Their metliod of presentation also
made them rather unusual as male
and female co-lecturers. As Mr.
Overstreet pointed out at dinner—
once before they lectured in San
Francisco, a man asked him, “Well,
what’s the figlit going to be about
tonight ?” They both made it clear
immediatebr that they didn’t plan
to fight; that Mrs. Overstreet col
laborated with Mr. Overstreet to
present an integrated lecture and
didn’t take the female point of view
versus his male viewpoint.
This anecdote brought up one of
their favorite subjects, one that Mr.
Overstreet wrote an article about
in the “New Republic” magazine
about four years ago,
morality of debate.”
They both question the purpose
of a debate when the members of
bolli teams go into the debate with
their minds completely closed to
accepting any good points the other
team presents. They strive for con
vincing the judges that their side
affirmative or negative, is right—
without ever giving thought to
working out a common grounds for
agreement. This was evident in
our recent debate on Rat Week—
both teams, whether they believed
in what they were arguing or not,
refused to admit the possibility of
the other side having any valid
arguments. The Overstreets feel
that much more could be accomp
lished by having people sit down
and. search for an area of agree
ment where the most obvious feel
ing is that of opposition and dis
They pointed out many instances
in which it seemed that people
were uneducated to the “tactics of
seeking for agreement.” In
famous General Motors strike
about ten years ago, Mr. Overst
observed the top men of one
reading magazines while the ot
presented their arguments nei
side trying to find an area in w
they could agree. A similar i
ation occurred between the Ur
States and Russia in the U. N.
the Korean War, he said,
negotiations seemed to be aime
preventing agreement rather
They both stressed the fact^
they felt there should be a
tude for honest expression of
agreement” but they did feel
more opportunity should be i
for searching out agreement
think their views on this su
could be good for Salemites to
sider. Do we really appr
things in a negative way and
phasize our disagreements on
tions of policy ? Could we ac
plish more by exercising the
tics for seeking agreement?’