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THE FEDERATION JOURNAL
THE INFLUENCE OF
PERSONAL HABITS OF
PARENTS ON CHILDREN
By MRS. MAKEPEACE LONG
Habits make up so large a part of life
that no work can be more important for
parents than that of making efficient the
■factors responsible for the activities of
children in habit formation.
There are psychological laws and prin
ciples that should be understood by all
parents as the basic background for es
tablishing a desirable environment for
their children. May we say that the body
and mind of the child at the beginning
of life are not a matter of chance, but
have been inherited from his ancestors.
During every moment after birth the
child’s actions are governed to some ex
tent by inborn forces. This does not mean
that the child does not choose his own
action. He most assuredly does, but there
is a real reason for his choice.
If a child does well or poorly, there is
(a definite cause. Therefore the life and
well being of every individual child are
matters of deepest concern. Parents
knowing the hereditary equipment of
their children should use this knowledge
in their training, and should bear in mind
that character training is like all other
forms of training; it needs a firm founda
tion, and habit is the great foundation.
Moral habits, then, should be formed long
before there is much capacity for rea
Since parents are guides in the char
acter development of their children, the
parents’ attitude, their ideals of morality,
of justice, of personal cleanliness, their
regard for truthfulness, their practice of
patience, sympathy and cooperation
should all be patterned and practiced ac
cording to the highest standards.
Very often we hear the expression,
“That child is a chip off the old block.”
Is the old block a good one or a bad one?
The writer thinks of this chip as a reflex
imitator. As Kirkpatrick would say, “The
■ chip has a tendency to repeat what has
■been perceived, especially the sounds and
movements made by others of the same
•species.” All of which means that chil
dren do as their parents do. The writer
says also that imitation is an instinct and
is due to habit. Children learn by doing.
They also learn by seeing and hearing.
There is an oft repeated question, “Am
I proud of my children?”, a question
which children have the privilege of re
versing and asking, “Am I proud of my
parents?” Let us look all about us and
take inventory of ourselves. Can we an
swer the child’s question from the stand-
.point of healthful living of cleanliness of
body and character, of love toward oim
fellowman of protection of body and
We as Negro parents must realize that
ECHOES FROM WILSON
By MRS. NORMA E. DARDEN ■
Miss Mae D. Holmes was a guest speak
er over the Sunday Evening Darden
Hour, Radio Station WGTM, Wilson, N.
C. Miss Holmes is superintendent of the
State Training School for Negro Girls, lo
cated at Rocky Mount.
In an efficient and pleasing manner.
Miss Holmes outlined the work, achieve
ments and aims of the institution.
The Emma C. Clement Missionary So
ciety of the St. John A. M. E. Zion
Church is a member of the City Federa-,
tion. The society recently sponsored a
13 year old girl in a vocal recital. The
young girl. Miss Mattie Dortch Hatcher
of Goldsboro, has a voice of great prom
ise and thrilled the large audience. She,
was accompanied by Mrs. Thelma John
son, a brilliant pianist, who has super
vision of the music in the Goldsboro
Mrs. Norma E. Darden is President of
the wide-awake Missionary Society.
The Ladies’ Civic Club of Wilson has
adopted the name of the former Federated
Club which was active 15 years ago. The
now club is made up of many of the old
members and is known as the Mary Mc
Leod Bethune Club and has its year book
off the press.
The club has done splendid community^
work as well as service beyond the local;
community. Mrs. Mazie Wells is the
President. During the holidays cheer was’
carried to the County Sanatorium, the
State Sanatorium and to many widows,
and sick persons.
Miss Ada Battle is president of the City:
Federation and is working diligently to'
bring as many organizations in as pos
the comfort, the inspiration, the secur-:
ity, the spirituality of our children do
not begin in the church or the school;,
but all these have their beginning in the
home. Here it is that all habits, worth'
holding on to, have their beginning. Suchi
little habits of reverence and truthful-,
ness as praying at mother’s knee: •
“Now I lay me down to sleep, ;
I pray the Lord my soul to keep.” ■
“Father, we thank Thee for this food.”
Memorizing such gems as: “Politness is
to do and say. The kindest thing in the
kindest way”; committing Bible verses as,,
“Love one another”; going to Sunday
School and learning the Golden Text, and;
many others are still tried and true trust-,
worthy formulas for developing excellent
habits in the character training of our,
children. They are first-aid treatment for.
the ills and emergencies of a long, happy
and successful life for both parents and
A SLAVE GIRL’S DREAM
By KATHERINE HOWZE ROBINSON
I cringed beneath the. driver’s whip
As cursed words escaped his lip,
“Back to thy work, thou beastly slave!
Cease not to even dig a grave
For those who die a sorrowing death
With prayers of freedom on their
On piled the blows’ unceasing thread,
Until at last I lay as dead—
Unconscious there in blissful sleep.
Unmindful, crushed beneath the deep
Oppression of another race.
My bare back bled, but on my face
A gleam of hope still hovered there.
And in my heart this solemn prayer:
“Dear Father, in some future time.
Some better day, some fairer clime,
Lead Negro girls into their own
In fields where others long have gone.
Let music warble from their throats;
Replace their groans with joyful notes
That issue forth from grateful lips
And nimble, sprightly fingertips.
Endow them with the power of speech,
Wisdom, their fellowmen to teach.
Rhythm smooth in rhythmic feet,
Poetic utterances sweet.
Despite their suffering and wrong.
Imbue within their hearts a song
Of patriotism loud and clear;
And may they serve their country dear
In peace or war, with ne’er a thought
Of sorrows that the years have wrought.”
And in my languid slumber there
Came answer to my fervent prayer;
For in my feverish, tortured brain
There was a vibrant, swelling strain.
’Twas nineteen hundred forty-five—
Before my unbelieving eyes
Sat Marion Anderson enthroned.
And close beside her Lena Horne.
The ivories trembled to the beat—
Scott’s fingers played for Dunham’s feet;
As rhythmically on she swayed,
Encensed with melody. Hazel played.
A platform filled my wond’ring view,
And silver words came pouring thru
My eager ears, now quite in tune
For Thomasina Johnson and Bethune;
And there in academic gown
Stood noble Charlotte Hawkins Brown.
The Muses shed their lyric light
On Margaret Walker’s genius bright;
And from her pen’s poetic end
Rhythm with deep pathos did blend—
“Let My People Live,” quoth she,
A plea for Negro liberty.
The sound of bugles rent the air
I could not move, I could but stare—
Before me there in colors true
Were girls in uniforms of blue;
And in the army’s khaki brown
Battalions marched about the town.
As crowning glory ’round her burst.
Emerged an angel Red Cro.ss nurse.
Up crept the clave with grateful stare,
“Dear God, Thou answereth my prayer!”