North Carolina Newspapers

    !c::. N.
VOl.l'MK X.WI, No, (;
); noi:tii cauolina \vi-:kk \'s\nsc,. SATi’iiDAV. ji’ly 21. u)-i5
**Africa Not Fatherland Of
Negroes^^Bilbo Told
SAVANNAH. Ga In an i*x-
nf (.'Lirrt'.''pundenct.‘ with St-n-
alur Thfodnrt* Bilbu in which Bil
bo jii.iiaed the Rev I. I., SoJtt as
a ■Statesman above the common
lun of Ilia race,' and d«?n.>unced the
NAACP for fo.sitnnB Nejjro
'viiujliiy Stull, Ur Ralph Mark
Oilbtrt, president of the Savanna ,
Georgia, branch NAACP declared.
"Those of us who are constantly
living in the same city with Rev
Scott and tiave known him "ver a
i..nger pi'iiid of time are in a bet
ter position 10 judge the vulu.- if
hiN Uadei'ship than you p-issibly
tould be, since your viily contacts
with him have been through the
rr.ail>., wtiich pioved useful to you
n. fighting the continuance i>f
Tirflay Neiiti-e.* do luit accept a
man as leader among them simply
bi c-ause h. ha> tht- OK of someone
• utMcle our racial group. We have
learned that if we .ire dealing with
.. Negjo wU,, IS file representative
of white interests who are our
a\o\\eit eheirnes that we are not
111 reality dealing with anulhei Ne-
glo but aie -.till dealing with Ihob.*
wtnt«- interests and out avowed
I nelliles ''
iCoi.linued on DacH page)
Headquarters. f>2nd Infantry
DivLsiun, Itulv -- Two Negro ol-
ficers. one who "set a heroic ex
ample of the fightinan's desire
to close with the enemy and de-
sl’oy him." and th«‘ other, whose
■ aggressive leadersh.o was an in-
spirutirm to the officers and men
of his orgahizution." have heen
awarded the Silver Star for gal
lantry in action against the en-*-
n.y in Italy, the War Department
announced todtiv.
Recipients of the awards ava
First Lieutenant William E. Por
ter, 1018 Spring Street,
Lima. Ohio, and Second Lieuten
ant Heub«-n L, Horner, 915 South
Kn niont avenue. Tuscon. Arizon-i.
|both members of the 92nd Infan-
itrv Division
I When his plattam was pinned
down bv fire from enemy aulo-
nmlic w«-apnns last December 5.
,‘.leuti-nant Poru-r cleared the
I way fur his men by advancing
alone, kill ’g the German officer
,:e chaige, td furclUg ids men
isurretider. The official War De-
Ipartnu-nt citatiun (olkiw.'i:
"First Lieutenant Pi)rlei''s pla
toon was vigorously ultackmg a
strong teetny ptosition. When
heavy wtemy auionialic •veapun.-
down the platoon,
itenanl Porter, alone, '
on an enemy machine
killed the German ot-
large, and forced the re- ,
my to surrender, thu‘j ■
the advance of his
. the day. after the pla-
b^n completely sur-
lounded.I^ auperior enemy forces,
he consMUy expased himself to
hostile in moving back and
forth befivaen platoon position.-,
maintain}^ contact, directing
fire, eiMmWtaging his men. and
lending in fighting their
way out jff the enemy trap. His
'irrrc*nivMV»dTr*^’r was an in-
spiratioBr^ the officers and men
■ ation."
Homer was cited for
ig five coun-
* last Oc-
tcbei i. His orTfw cMtton vmii
itinued iin 7k(k (Mg*)
C P, Pste. Chief Voriitioiirtl
Rch.ibiliiation and FdiicaMon Di-
visi'-n. Veterans .Adminiftration,
Fayi-tleville, is i»howii ab*vc a.«
he ■lUllined the bcnefitH which the
iverninenl hii."! provided
federal --
for veterans -d World War II. —
the two day institute on '■Wterun
Benefit and Postwar Informu-
I'on." whirb cndid Wednesday
■It A and T College. Others in
the photograph reading from left
To right, arc. Dr F, D BUifnrd,
President of the college. Ben
Husbands, Chief. Veterans Ad
ministration Guidance Center.
Chapel Hill, and T. Sgl. W S
B.ireficld, lecturer. Information
and Fducalion Section, ORD.
Pate Addresses Institute
For Veterans At A&T
By C. A. Iryia of life with their lives.” declar-
yuunu trf Amerie«!ed C. P. ^te. Chief. Vocational
art* happily defending our way Rehabilitation and Educational
Division. Veterans Administra-
Mrs. M- A. .Icrvav prupiii-tvii
01 R S. Jervay'a printing offtre.
In Wilmington, relebiaie.i hi-r
seventy-first birthday last
week. Mrs. Jei>,» . the w.dow
JCil.'hNAI... publisIxU bv T. C.
Jervav. another aon, and the
W m-.t..!! Sali-Ii. P K t) }• L K' S
.'-ft )K KSMA.N
.1*1 V a . 111.- ,,n. da ightf-r.
JO FORBESTALW Congress In Tune With The
turn, Fayetteville as the keynoter
«if the two lay state wide inat!'
UiU- on "Veteran Benefits and
I'osl-war Information." which op-
. i.« d at A. 6i T. College Tue.sda.v.
I'«te .slated that it is the pla-n
ilulv of all (Ki the home front to
i:vi influenci* to sei* that
WASHINGTON — On Friday of
■list week the House passed the
$250,001; appropriation bill for th*
Fair Employment Practices C«n-
mittee. Tbit amount, which ij on*
half the total asked, will financ*
I the cuiniiuCtiMiS operaliuits fnr on*
The Senate and House finally
.saw "eye-to-eye" when the latter
refused to vote on the stipulation
that the FEPC use the .ippropna-
atioii ui wind up its .iffairt and
(Continued on nacx page)
V ---
Mrs. M- A. Jervay propriftor
of R S. Jervay'a printing office.
In Wilmington, celebrated her
seventy-first birthday last
week, Mrs. Jervay, the widow
of the late R S. Jervay, pioneer
North Cau^iina piintei, was at
hei post running ner btsiness.
She is shnwn above watching
the Duplex puss iec«-nllv' m-
stalied bv lir-r -..n pa>il R. Jer
vay, puLhsIn r ut the HALEIGH
This machine, th.- Inyl laslall-
ed bv Negr... r in th.- :t;.t.‘, aK.i
prints tilt- WILMINGTON
JOIIHNAU published by T. C.
Jervay, anotlier son. and the
Winstiin-Salem P K 3 P L E' S
Mrs Jervay ha.s one daughter.
Miss E. Gei tunic Jervay, Wil-
mingt.rn school teacher. She has
bern j tailhfiil member of St.
Luke's .A, .M. K Zion church
tor ne.Tily .sixty years, joining
at 111.- agi- of 12. One ol her
WLshe;.: T'ti live to .see St, Luke's
completed and to wor.siup in
the chuich which replaces the
one leceiillv de.slroyeil by fiie.
M..tiv i.l her frieiid.s remember-
e.i h.T birthday with cards and
) ifts.
way for his men by advancing ! Liei
alone, killing the German officer jhis act^-
in charge, and forcing hia men
surrender. The official
parlmerrt citation (ollowaf
ter was cited for ’
ig five court- . ■ ' .
last Oc- I By C. A. Irvin
^JonmtU “The yoba«.trf Amerkk
tinued on'^k'^aii*) are heppH.V defending our way
Farm Workers Trek To
Capitol To Save Homes
Negrr, and wliiti- farm iuborera frjm
Delniii Labii* Ibnnes pnyect .in
suiitlieaM Mis.'Ouri iippi'ared before
Ifie House AKi'iciilturul Cummittie
last wt-ek in an effort to sove
their homes, according to un an
nouncement by H L Mitchell,
pie«idt-ni. Southern Tenant Fnrm-
eib Union The project is schedul
ed to be Mild (iiobubly to nearby
plunatiiin owners, by the Farm Sr-
>111 Ity Adniinislrutiun uti uly 24,
The cumirjtu-e under Rep. W. R.
Pcape, t-luiirnian, Texa.s, is conduct
ing hearings em H R 3071 This bill
pruvldfs lhat the Secretary «if
Axriciiltiire shall be iiulhurized to
sell on lung (eitns the 580 houses
ibcaiod hi ten cummumties in
soiithra.'ii Mismiui'i known as the
Deliiiu Labor Hun'.es, (o present
residmls and other farm wurke~
families wlui want to purciiase the
houses. I- ts and fuiniture as homes
of thicr own. While in Washington,
the deleguti ;i will call on the
new Secretary of .Agriculture. Clin-
t 11 .Anderson, to ask his aid
In the meantime, the Farm Se-
eiiilty Administration has adver
tised the project for sale at public
auction on July 24th Under the
advertised lerm.s. the houses are
tn be torn down and mnvi‘d by the
IHirchnser.s and the communities
broken up. The Southern Tenant
Farmers Union, prominent indi.Jd-
uals. and liberal organizations
throughout the .tale of Missouri
h.ive aided the residents In their
fight to pre.serve the Delmo Labor
Homes as family dwellings.
Sharecroppers until 5 years ago.
these farn' workers have known
their first freed im from the ex
ploitation of planters .since the
establishment of tht project. Sale
of the homes would break up the
iContiniied on back page)
New York — The NAACP wa.s
advised ttnlay by the Navy De
partment Uiat the sentences of the
5U Negro seamen convicted in
.October. 1944. for mutiny at Yer-
b.'i Buena Lsland. California, have
bten held legal. Ralph A. Eard
.Acting Secretary of the Navy de
clared. "the trials “racial duscrim-
ination was guarded against."
Through Special Counsel Thur-
gtiud Marshall the NAACP has
mede a formal request to Sec
retary of the Navy Forrestal for
permission to file additional briefs
.and for opportunity to present
;the case personally before him
|The Negro seamen were original
ly charged with mutiny in Aug
ust. 1944. for refusal to load am-
iniunition at Port Chicago. Cali-
ifornia. where investigation re
vealed more than 300 of theii
ntei.ibers had been killed in a*
iexplosion the month before. Un-
jdei the supervision of white offic
ers the men had received no o-ev-
ious training in the handling nt
ammunition prior to the di^asll^.
I Race and race prejudice was
continuously injected into the
pioceedings by Lieutenant Com
mander William F. Coakicy, Trial
Judge Advocate, during the truil
from September 14 to October
24. 1944. Testimony in the case re
vealed two of the men were suf
fering from the effects of brok- '
en arms when the alleged order
was given to load ammunition.
Another, wrig'.iing only 104
pounds had a Navy doctor’s cer-
(Cuntinued un back page)
Congress In Tune With The
Times By OkeyingFEPC
ting its stamp >if appruval on con-
tiiiuiaioii of the KL1*C'. Congress has
demuiislrated that it is In tune
with the tihii-s. Finally given an
■.ppurtunity to vote on FEPC, Cen-
sress clearl*-' indicated its support
Ilf the principle of equality In em-
oloyment opportunity. It is regret
table, however, that the FEPC ap
propriation did nut reach the floor
of Congress in the form and amount
originally approved by the Bureau
of the Budget, for we believe tlie
majority of members would hare
preferred an opportunity to vote
for the full $.599,000 rebuilder, and
without the lennlnatlon clause
The people know that the com
promise was forced upin the Con-
cress by n minority whir’ jeopar
dized the entire war prnkram by tactics. TTie ter-
miniilion clniisi*. e.spcciall. . is a
challenge wc believe the people nf
his country .ire prepared to meet,
We are beginning today to re
double our efforts toward enact
ment of the permanent legislation
In the fall. Only about 70 signa
tures arc requirt^ In complete the
, petition for bringing it to the finor
, ..f the House of Representatives
I All over the country the people ar.*
: determined to continue the priMress
(Of making democracy work, and
during the Congressional recess,
while the members are in direct
contact with their constituents,
those who have not yet signed the
petition will come to realize that
their place is with those who are
with the tide of histiry-
We cannot believe that the Con
gress or »he people want a recon
version to Job discriminntton ns
the war draws to a clo-se. Whul is
unfair in war time, is also unfair
in peace time. Otir efforts to build
world-wide peace and security thru
implementation of the San Francis
co Carter are inextricably inter
twined with our treatment of min
orities within our own borders. Our
national and international efforts
toward peace and security are but
both sides of the same coin.
Sheriff Stands By While
Planter Beats Cropper
MEMPHIS. Teiiii iWDl.) — Suit
has been filed by Gus Mackey, 71-
ye*r-cld Neigu share-ciut pet of
Whitmare, Ark, for injuries -utf. r-
tfd by him and hi» 11-year-old son.
Leroy in a brutal attack bv a plant
er Jake Lew. .'.t Reth, AiK.
while Mackey was m custody of me
sheriff ana anotner officer, on
cumpiatr.i cf Lewis that ne nad
stolen a se..tion harrow fa a result
of the attack tn which he was
struck on the nead with a single
tree Mr. MacKey suffered a con-
cutsjon of the bra.n and impaired
vision •nd his son suffered from
shock and ccngesimn and inflaina-
tion of the e;.xv me Workers De
fense League announceci. The at
tack occurred in I\tay.
Th* story told by Mr. Mackey, a
Ilf the Southern Tenant
> Uninn, in bis affidavit wa^
. till:
"Slicnff Campbell and another
.ftiirt nump unknowni arrested
me and my ton, Leroy. I) years old.
and earned us down to Heih to
see Lewis Lewis>d me and the
t>r. . f ^teallllg me harrow I de
nted having stolen the harrow and
• Id l.r-wis that 1 had rut ceen near
Heih in two months TTiereupon,
Lewis became infuriated and pick-
r.a up a siiigleii.>f la heavy wood
and tren bar about 3 feet long)
and struck me on the head sever
al Times, knocking me unconscious
I ewis also beat up my little boy.
Leroy, but I do not knew whether
he hit him with the singletree.
"Sheriff Campbell and the other
ufficer made no attempt to protect
us but he afterwards told Lewis not
to hit me any more. We were then
taken to Forrest City, Ark, and
thrown into jail. After about 8 hours,
two boys who had told Lewis they
had Seen me steal the harrow, were
brought in and confessed to having
•.fhleri the farm irnpliment them-
^elves. Sheriff Campbell then rv
leased I.eroy and me and told us
to fa home."
S veral days after the assault. Mr.
Lewis offered settlement whicli
Mr. Mackey refused Examination
by a physician showing the extent
of nis injuries justified his refusai-
Anomey K. T Sutton of Helena.
Ark., ia representing Mr. Mackey.
Lanier Appointment
Strikes Party Snag
apparent vmooth sailing
of K. O'Hara Lanier's appoint
ment as Minister to Liberia
struck a snag thl-s week when
Chairman Robert L. Hannegan
of the Democratic National Com
mittee was asked by the National
Council of Negro Democrats to
hold up the proceedings.
It Is reported that the request,
made by Emmett S. Cunning
ham of Detroit, president of the
council, came when the so-call
ed "Big Three" of Negro Demo
cratic politics ignored the coun
cil In advancing Lanier for th*
The Interpreation placed on
this separate group action Is that
the differences between the
council and Rep. William L.
Dawson of Illinois remain Intact
A('‘ording to newspaper re
ports. the "ini' Three" include
Dawson, Mrs. Mary McLeod Be-
thuiie and Dr. Channing H. To
bias. who are barking Larier.
When informed of the liappen-
lugs by Hannegan. Dawson de
nied any knowledge of them.
kiviiik Uut he was not even
aware of I.Anier’s name being
advanced for the position, now
being held by Le*4er A. Walton.
There has been no official con-
lirmation of the report that La
nier's name is Iselny considerotl,
boweve.. knowledge ot It is gen
erally unt. "retood-
I In a vlttoroiis protest the National
I Action Committee of the Workers
i Defense League charged that Sc-
' Iwtivc Director Hershey. by is-
' suing special orders to Ohio Selec-
: tivv Service for local draft i oards
' 'n reclas.sify strikers, went out df
; his way "to line up with employers"
; tn the .strike at Goodyear's Akron.
' Ohio rubber plant. The plant is
i under operation by the Navy which
* reized it to end n 19-1ay strike.
! WDL chairman Aron S. Gilmar-
I tin also made strenuous objection
I Icj the U, S. Employment Service
j for their refusal to certify needy
j Htriking workers for temporary
part-time job. although such jebs
; were available and being issued tn
fusing to settle grievances, fcrcing
even the amallesi matters Into set
tlement action by the War Labor
iBn.ird More than 70 grievances
: now pending settlement for nearly
IB miinths show the delay involv-
j ed. In addition piece work and
Lspt-diip practices are combined with
open violatinn.s )f contracts have
I brought steadily wfprsening condi-
I tliins to the plants. Meanwhile.
WLB has thfi wn Itself openly int"
the role of emplyoer representa
tive by issuing subpoenas to Fire-
.storie union local asking them lo
show why maintainennee of
merrhership. shift differential and
vacation privileges should not be
suspended As a result. C. V. Wheel
er, president of the striking Good
year local urged that WLB be re-
igimed War Industry Board, since
it functioned "ns a tool of NAM."
workers holding full time employ
In the report upon which WDL
officials acted, strike leaders direct
ed suspicion to still another gov
ernment agency for Its role in the
strike period. 'The War Produc
tion Board permitted a one week
shutdown for repairs during the
strike of the unslruck Goodrich.
General and Mohawk plants. Short
ly atfer this move, blUtary bigwigs
claimed that the strike was caus
ing rubber shortages. Since repairs
usually take place during plant
^ opeiatlun, this cutting of plant pro
duction was a highly suspicious
Members of Goodyear Local 2,
United Rubber-Workers-CIO. voted
to strike in un effort tc settle a
struggle precipiated by the policy
of rubber plant bosses who for a
. year ’.nd a half have been on strike
I agau Jt ccliective bargaming by re-
lof life with their live*,” declar-
UnL-e. ym Chtef,- Ver«lon*I
Rehabilitation and Educational
'Zjfviaion. Veterans Administra
tion. Fayetteville as the keynoter
of the two day state wide insti-
tiiU* on "Veteran Benefits and
Fiist-wur Information." which op
ened at A. & T. College Tueada.v.
I'ate .stated that it is the plain
duty of all on the home front to
usi every influence to set* lhat
every benefit afforded by the
|g«,vemment be extend€?d to aur
lii'en and women who are so no-
ibl.v and gallantly defending th*
.principles for which our co’jntry
stands, "Under the provisions of
Public 346. pa-Hsed In the 78th
congress, which is commonly call
ed the "G. I. BHl of Rights.” Pale
a.!serted. "the benefits- extended
to votenns under this instrument
arc designed to equip the veteran
to fit himself to profitable civjPj-
an life." He especialy emphasized
the educational features of the
bill and pointed out that the gov-
einment is extremely anxious
tliat the returning veteran be giv
en every opportunity to rerelv*
an education along the lines to.
which he is best fitted In an
fert to facilitate thU undertaking.
Training has been made available
for the men at a numbt>r of the
nation's leading educational insti
tutions and training is also made
available to emplees while on the
job. “20.000.000 Americans. Pate
slated, constitute America’s con
tribution to the armed forces: 50.-
000 of whom are Negroes from
North Carolina. To serve these
nif n to rehabilitate themselves vo-
culionallv. the speaker concluded
lhat there has been established a
n'.imbor of guidance centers f.nd
others will be made available a.s
.soon as the need ari.sos. “Tt is my
sincere hope.' Pate ended, "that
the Am«‘ric«n people will not lot 20.000,000 defenders of our
homes, churches, and institutions
down when they return to our
Other features of the opening
day included "EMucatitmal Bene
fits for Veterans Under the Pro
visions of Lav- 16. "Ben Hus
bands. Chief. Veterans Admini-
(Continued on back page)
miltee. This ambunt. which ia on*
half the toU) a*hed. wtl) finasc*
j The Senate and House finally
[saw "eye-to-eye" when the latter
refused to vote on the stipulation
that the FISIK,' use the appropria-
’ utiiJii ut wind up its affairs and
. quit.
' Senator Morse iR. Ore.) held out
' fvL wbut -he chose to call "an ex
tended discusaien" tdignified 'Term
h)r fllllbusteidnx)’ Jf the biii in or
der thiil "the' |>edple at hume would
make their sentimeins known and
a Ujrger. upprupriatiuu wuuld be
given the agency." He extended th*
discussion for an hour and a halt
on tlie floor in an effort to retard
the proceedings, but finally gave
During his speech. Morse said
- that "democracy is on trial in this
j country,' and its s'jcccsn or fallur*
I will depend upon the manner in
which we treat minorities.”. He did
not believe the $250,000 to be suf
ficient for the FEPC workers to
put ever a thorough job.
Following Senator Morse "Tbe
.Man" Bilbo (D. Miss.) fierce and
' fillibustering foe ot the bill, took
the floor and in characteristic style
tri^d to throw in the proverbial
I wrench by demanding a quorum
call, since this was a "far-reaching
' legislation."
There were 16 Senate leaders pre
sent and, of the lateness ot
the hour it would have been almost
I impo.ssible to muster a quorum.
This scare was quelled, how
ever. when Majority Leader Bark
ley iKy.i and Senator McKeller (O.
Tcnn.) custodians of the bill, as
sailed Bilbo with such violent ar
gument that the Mississtppian with-
■ drew hi.s request.
There reman a few items csi th*
endre bill to be settled, but it
pa.ssage is assured. ,
Granger Completes West
Coast Naval Base Tour
NEW YORK — Lester B. Grang
er. Executive Secretary of the Na
tional Urban League, returned to
New York this week after three
week-s’ absence on the West Coast,
where he visited Unit*d States nav
al bases as the representative of
Secretary James Forrestal. Grnng-
wbose assignment was to de-
'4-rmine how mu'lv Negroes were
being integrated m o the Navy pro
gram, is reporting his observations |
and findi, lo Secretary Forrestal thisi
week Travelling in a plane espec
ially assigned for that pur'Hise by,
the Navy, the League head visited
bases in and around San Diego,.
Los Angeles, San Franusco, Seattle,.
-.ind the Great Lakes Naval 'Train
ing Center.
Definitely setting at rest any
rumor that he is leaving the Na
tional Urban League to accept a po-
.sition in the Navy. Granger stated:
"Secretary Forrestal was kind
enough to invite me to join the staff
of the Navy Department several
months ago While I f*lt honored
to receive the invitation, I was
compelled to decline because of the
hi-avy responsibilities I am now
carrying as Executive ^cretary of
the Naiianal Urban League.” Oraog-
er. stated further that his League
responsibilities could not be defer
red or transferred without serious
handicap to .the organization. «nd
described the Urban League pro
gram as the most important job b*
is able to do at the present tune.
Generally recognized as one of
the foremost of -the presect-day so-
'clal workers, the League Executive
' was notified this week of hia elec
tion as First Vice-Chairman .ai the
I New York Chapter of the American
i Association of Social Workers. He
has previously .served as First
Vice President of th* national or-
ganiztion. having been elected to
fill an unexpired term.

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