N. C. SCHOOL IS SETTING PACE IN EDUCAT ION
VOLI'ME XXVII, NO. 19 H AI.EIG 11, NORTH CAROLINA WEEK ENDING SAT lUP AY, JUNE 12, 1948 PRICE j
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AUTO MECHANICS ln to
day's highly mechanized life a
knowledge of au.oinotives is vir
tually essential. At Dillard courses
are offered to enable the stu
nent to Know what to do when
his own car goes wrong or which
enable him. through more inten
sified study, to prepare for em
ployment in the automobile in
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■ ~S^£iyS , ~'.swmSffe&t %^.v,.o2Ay-. ',
HOME ECONOMICS t TASS—
Above is shown a small section of
a, class in sewing and dressmaking
which is a section of the home
economics course which is re
quired of students who plan to
Suit Filed In Georgia ,
To Eliminate Purging
Os Negro Citizens’ Vote
By STETSON KENNEDY
Author of 'Southern Exposure'
A mass purge of Nog: oes regis
trants from the voting lists of
Georgia has encountered a form
Liable. obstacle in K lan-bus. t.
Dan Duke, who as attorney has
Lied suit for nearly half a mil
lion dollars on behalf of eight
Os the Megio complainant®-,
4 arc college graduates. 3 are
ministers, and one is a scho >’
teacher. Each is asking a total of
SSo.nhQ damages for being de
prived of his right to vote.
Among the 11 defendants main
ed as eu conspirators in the case
arc Superior Court Judge Ear!
Camp. State Rep Herschel Lov
ett, two candidates for the Geor
gia senate, and members of tiv
Laurens Countv board of rcßV
ilustry or <> open their own aulo
Shown in (he group are. 1-to-r.
Albert Vthilhy, Millie Kus-e“,
\( illiatn Johnson. Alphonso first
and J. B. Tyler, instructor.
S'he course in auto mechanics
is only one of several offered by
the school with a view to prepar
ing i: r student for a job in bis
chosen vocation or enabling him
become home economics teach
er--. seamstresses. dieticians or
home makers. Other students
who are planning academic ca
reers are :»©t required to take
these courses but Hey are recom
tears and county commission.
Filed by Duke
The suit as filch by Atlanta At
torney Duke charges that these i
defendants conspired to, and dii ■
remove, the names of 1.800 Ne
groes from the voting lists of th
county since November of la-t
year This figure represents 75
percent, of all the Negroes who
were registered in the county.
Suit was filed only after a
group of white citizens of tht
; countv asked the- registrars to
1 meet with them to hear pleas for
! reinstatement of the Negroes. Or
, Iv one registrar made an appear- ,
| ance. and he '‘failed to give atsv
A hearing on the ease has been
set before XT. S. District Court
Tudge Frank M Scarlett on June
In addition to seeking Dttnitive j
tho suit asks the court
to perform repairs or bi tter un
derstanding the operation of his
own property or equipment.
The ( urriculum also offers
training in the industrial arts and
in the building trades which in
clude brick masonry, carpentry,
cabinet making and other allied
Pho os and story for the CARO
TINIAN by Shephard.
mended as electives if the stu
dent's program is not too full.
The class is instruc.rd by Miss
Eliza O. Smith, shown standing
. the right. Students shown tire,
Magdalene Wimbush, Pauline
Dati-. a sift Hilda Gaskins.
ito declare void the local counly |
election held Wednesday. June 2,
in which the I, 800 purged Nt
\ grogs were not allowed to parti
'Bad Character' Charged
During a similar mass purge |
of Negro voters by Talmadgite |
registrars m Georgia’s 1946 gu-1
bernatoria! campaign. Judge*
Scarlett ordered th-;- registrars of:
Applying county to reinstate 600 ‘
Negroes, and at the same time |
enjoined Coffee county registrars I
from further purging there..
These throats of. federal prose-1
eution put the fears of Uncle Sain j
1 into other Georgia registrars, who (
j reinstated thousands of purged :
Negroes without waiting to be i
! personally orodded.
During February of 1948. how- j
ever, a Dodge countv grand jury :
sitting at Savannah refused to in- 1
'Continued cn bac* page)
Dillard High Is j
One Os State’s
GOLDSBORO - The difference ;
between one ot yesterday’s one- j
room schools where the slate and *
the hickory switch were the pri
mary essentials for teaching and,
one of today’s modern high schools :
is the result of considerably more
Entering into the picture are de- ;
cades of serious study and deter
rninded effort on the part of the na
tion’s educators and leaders to
bring about a fuller realization that
a nodding acquaintance with the
three R’s is insufficient equipment:
for the student seeking a livelihood
in an increasingly complex and j
Tids difference has come about
within the lifetime of many liv- ■
ing individuals and a considerably :
smaller number of existing educa
One such institution is the Dil
lard High School at Goldsb 'fo.
one of the leading secondary schools !
in the state of North Carolina, and i
for that matter, one of the leading !
all-Negro high schools in the entire |
No "Johnny-come-lately” on the
educational scone, Dillard has a
history which reaches back 82
years to 1866 when a Mr. Pascal, a
white educator, held the first classes
'in a small private school on the
corner of John and Elm Streets.
Thai small school became the
nucleus, not only for Dillard, but
for the system of schools which
have served the Negro children of
Goldsboro since that time.
In 1867 the school was moved lo
the corner of WSlnut and William i
Streets, and Mr. Pascal was suc
ceeded by J E. O’Hara. Congress- i
man from the Goldsboro District.
Mr. O’Hara was successful in in
teresting some Pennsylvania Quak
ers in the education of Negro youth,
and as a result a lot was purchased
on School Street and a three-room
frame building was erected whicn
was designated as the Wilberforce
School lor a number of years.
Following Mr O'Hara, a group
of white teachers came down from
the North ana the school ran for
nine month.- each year arid conlifi :
ned as a private sen sol until 1876.
NEGRO TEACHER APPOINTED
The following year the county
purchased the school, appointed F
H. Wilkins, a Negro, as the teach j
er and began its operation as a pub
lic school, chancing its designation !
to the Goldsboro Colored School
In 1884 the Rev. Clarence Dillard;
a Presbyterian minister, was ap- !
pointed io the post of, principal, |
which he held for 30 years. The
WASHINGTON • ANP' How
ard University must open its doers
: to whites and become a truly na
tional institution. Edwin ft. Embree.
president, Julius Rosenwald fund,
said June 4 after receiving an
I honorary doctor of laws degree
Telling the audience of Howard’s
■ history from its founding as <-
i school that admitted students of ail
j races he noted that there was nou:-
I ing in its charter limiting the stu*
! dent body to Negroes only, and
j pointed out that Negroes as well
is whites, have done much to foster
J When days of financial distress
i t ame upon Howard the days of seg
i legation came. too. Dr. Embree said,
i "And Negroes, themselves.” he
! said, "sometimes foster The move
i merit toward racial bias in oi\»cr
|to be sure of one center of higher
learning which offered free scope
j lo Negro students and gave p ! ..cos
j<ji vantage to Negro professors.
; "So great has been the swing
| that a national* institution has b< ■
i erne a Negro institution. Over 87
' percent of the members and ail (he
! faculties of Howard today are Ne
groes and only one and a half pm
-1 cent of the 5.000 students are from
] rmong ail those millions of Amcrl
| cans other than Negroes.
"It is Time for Howard to fu’fill
In's chartered purpose of higher edu
cation not for Negro youth, but fo~
I American youth.
I "In this movement toward deir.o
cracj in education. Howard ruus’
not lag behind. Prejudice and cog
i rogation work both ways. Negroes
i who protest discrimination som
; times are as guilty ni ii as ih.ir
: Rev. Mr. Dillard was successful in j
I bringing the school’s curriculum
| up to the tenth grade.
By 1823 the School Street site, j
, had become quite insufficient to j
meet the educational needs of the j
city’s Negro school children, and j
| the present high school building!
was erected. The following year the
I Rev, Mr. Dillard retired and the I
new school was named in his honor. :
Dillard High* School.
The Rev. Mr Dillard was sue- \
( ceded by Hugh V Brown wtt >e I
1 24-year tenure as principal of the:
school has seen its development j
j into one of the foremost all-Negro !
: secondary educational institutional
;in the country.
EDUCATION FOR USE
While there are suci. .schools with
I larger faculties, student bodies and
: physical plants, few are able to
boast of better records in preparing
their gradaules for the real task of
: grappling with and s Ivirn the
; problems of living.
During its 24 years in it- present
j building, Dillard's student body has
I grown from approximate':'- 160 to
; better than 400. During the same
i period its 15-member faculty has
more than doubled.
The school was accredited by the
| State Department of Education in
1 1926 and by the Southern -Associa
tion of Colleges and Secondary
! Schools in 1931- The Vocational
l Building was purchased in 1830 ana
extended by student construction
. in 1941.
As a result of the acquisition and
development of this building the
j school was able to expand its vo-
I rational course to include auto me
j chanics. building trades, commer
! cial work ns well as comprehensive
; and intensive courses in vocational
; home economics, the industrial arts,
' radio and electricity.
The school’s well-equiped shops
I and capable instructors make pos
! ssble the training of its students
iso that, they are able to enter into
; the vocations of their choice with-
I out the handicaps of inadequate pre
paration from the standpoint of
knowledge of then trades or of mod
The strengthen ing l of Dillard’s
business and vocational courses
; however, has not been accomphsn
ed at the expense of its academic
I program, for scores of its student:
go forth each year to attain envia-
I ble records in the colleges and uni
versities of the state and nation.
It is on the basis of these records
j that Dillard may well be called "The
j School with a past, which provides
: its students with a future.”
i "Some Negro preachers have a
j vested interest in segregated
! churches. Realtors, both white and
i Negro, make easy money out of
ghetto housing. Some Negro lei.cn-
I ers see a selfish ’ benefit to tk'-i
--i selves in being assured position m
j a segregated school system
"Let us, who carry the great tra
dition of Howard University, sh-.i:
•[off every taint of such vested in
' terest Even if it costs some Ne
• groes their teaching posts, even if
it temporarily crowds out some Nt
, 1 gro students, let us no longer con
i : nive in any racial bias in educa
■ : lion”
INcgro Farmers Profit
1 From f)airv Purchases
1: Purchasing dairy cows thi ..ugh
• (he State College Extension Service
• j nas proved io be profitable for Ne
gro farmers of Person County
■ Charles J. Ford, county agent has
A Roxboro bank cooperated in
■ furnishing slightly more than $2,400
•! io buy a carload of heifers Lorn
' Mississippi five years ago, and She
• 81 animals were bought by 49 larm
’ ers at o cost of $2,748.50.
; j Thirty-four farmers still nave
I their original animals. The 45 1 eif-
; 1 ers which were bred produced 4 1
■ I male and 55 female offspring All
ij 40 male calves were old; of the
•; females, 22 were sold and 33 kei4
■ .on (he farms.
•) The offspring dropped six ivale
i snd nine female cxivts. A tol-af oi
■ ■ $1,410 was received lor male uni
j mats sold and $1,323 for female-.
i i Animals on hand at present are
-1 valued at $395 for males and $€.740
Forty-three farmers received .A- id
-iservice from their animals at id c;m
--j sidered the purchase a good invest
-j merit. The cows averaged 3 1-2 r.ui
-1 ions of milk per day.
The value of all animals soicl awl
r kept on farms was $121.98 per need,
• (Continued on back page)
smSfc WSmlm '
i «|Vf ,
j b ’ • • , ’V.',a> tig''-',/ ■.«»■ a-
MAINSPRING—Brim ipa! Hugh
Victor I.tito ii who for :! v ears
has guided the distinies of Dillard
High School, is shown « iiii Mrs.
Wiilettc 15. Starke tin school
j After nearly a quarlrr--century
‘ of his administration the sehool
has developed info one of tin*
most progressive and efficiently
fWOf■ ii IL
RADIO AND El ft IKK AJ,
i SHOP One of the most popu
lar courses among the 50-odd vet
erans who are enrolled in Dillard
High School is the one in dee
tricity arui radio which is eon
ducted under the instruction of
The course, one of the newest
j in the sehool was instituted st v
? | TUSKEGEE FINALS The
I 1948 commencement brought I
two distinguished men to the
campus of Tuskegee institute
(ii as spetikers. They were Mon
i j signor Frederick George Hoch
s; wait, director, department of :
. i Education, National Catholic j
’ welfare, who delivered the Bac
calaureate address and Willard
Saxby Townsend, labor leader
! Boswell Law Heads For
Test In Federal Court
Birmingham (ANPi The so
called foolproof Boswell amend
-3 • meat to the Alabama state con
_ j stitution designed to keep Ne
-11 groes from voting wiil soon fact.-
*|its first test in a federal court,
j The Rev. Eugene Otis Braxter,
pastor of Aiden AME Church.
1 filed suit April 27 against the
:i Jefferson County Board of regi«
7 trars claiming that Section 181
(the Boswell ftmeiKlment; t-f. tho
<>|: r.ii< :! ill th» Ii ,
In re.it iinn-.i vs in bo
i,iult> anti student bo.;.
sdiool ii.tv .uhie, -i! ■■. ;
h> 111," >*tuie Depaiim ::
luoliiia im! lilt- ''null!
soeiation of J nllegei, .hi.: Si •.!
\ii Hi-own a n.tiive ot Hen
drrson, Kv., .<tien>h«i (he Ueu«i
oral years ago in keeping Ah
the school's policy of pn - *<•*
instruction in keeping vv itit (5
needs of the. times.
Radio and electrical s't.'-fe:;' •
also devote a. eonside, uiiP j>*»r'-.a - i
of tin ir [mu' to fOM’i'i.n.ed t <>u
in t> pin*.:, liookkct-pin;, end :
commercial sue .rets wnu m-
and newspaper columnist.
Left to right are Chaplain
Carleton L. Lee of Tuskegee.
Monsignor Hochwalt, Acting
President I. A. Derbipny C‘
Tuskegee, Mr. Townsend ana
M. D. Sprague, librarian of
Tuskegee. A total of. 392 stu
dents received degrees, cuvfiii
raies and diplomas, an increas
of 147 over last year's turn put.
(Alabama oonstiUGi.'n <i« juuMiiive.
violates the federal cntwUtuu-.”.-.
' In his “class suit Rev Brsx
iter claimed Ilia* ho had ad *’-■
; qualifications for a registc*'.
■voter in Jefferson eountv a
none of the disqualifications, vot
' ht- was not alowed to register
i February f> by the b n'd of ix-gy- -
[ t; ars.
: Counsellors for the minister are
(Coctin’ieii on back pr^e)
otifcc-. in ilii a sv<, vtion ior
■ e.«y—- • "■ ’
able them ». ac-oni'-c . k’.iowitulse
■»}' r-aidist-i-s and isa-lar-* nu-thods
k(#fe c petting their own shops,
i Khowh in stoop ire I-to r,
Kaiph ZicUzn&h feis'i,
<'harlt}>» r. IJ«H. VJrgas * . H*tf?*n
:i*n Edwin B. MoLa eist. I'msitas
i U'l: 'S'IW I >r 4»j the ■•. iil'.'v. is
' not sJnnve.
MRS. ADA S. FISHER
MiTS mm AY BID
FOR STID\ 0? LAW
Chiei.aeaW Ok la Mrs. Ad-'
Lois Siuur! Fisher, unaiss as yet
to enter the law schcioj of the
f [fair ■ ; - ,sity of Oklahoma. has re
r.\ iv L 'd an invaation In sn the Ni»
Uonal Union of W-v -man Stu
(dents to come to tht-ir countre
; to study law at the University o’i
) ' Oslo.
‘‘We are quit'' aware <>l the
-; difficulties which arc connected
Moth such a proposition,' vvnsto
: Sipo! and Strain me; in he Maif of
t his fellow students, "but we on tv
: want to -.haw that we at. against
■;.any discrimination nn:i that we.
; want to help an> student in the
world wh is qf-routed • because
1 .of raci d vi y'-iyn.Oalreo "