North Carolina Newspapers

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fight for the right of franchise ,
unrestricted by the considerations
of race moved a step nearer real •
nation last week as Federal Court
Judge J. Waites Waring ordered
the South Carolina Dvrnuciatic
party to admit Negroes
The South Carolina Jurist, who
had previously issued a restrain •
mg order halting the purging:
from the books of Negro voters j
who had not taken oaths to up
hold racial segregation and up- ;
hold lacial segregation and op T
pose FF.PO, is used his final oi der ;
on Friday.
The action was taken as a re
suit of court action instituted by
NAACP attorneys utter the South
Carolina Democratic party sough s
to declar itself a a social club an 1 .
separate itself from federal,
state and county election nr a j
c binary
In his latest order Judge War- '
ing ordered not only the enroll
ing of Negroes in the party, hut
the granting to them of full rights
hr party affairs.
Declaring that the party had
made no effort to comply vvii 1 .
a year old decision ordering that
the right to participation in party
affairs be granted to a similar
petitioner in Richland Comity,
jurist warned that persons respon
sible for violations of the new
:>rder would be punished by im -
iContmueti eo page S. Ist Section 1
Havnes was among the eight ivu- \
have been certified for appoint
nient to the Wilmington police
force, i! was announced by the
Rev W. J. .Stephenson, secretai y
of the Wilmington civil serve -
Havnos, together with two oth
er Wilmington Negroes, sftecesv
fully passed a similar test somt
months ago. All three candidates
were next in line for appointment
to the department, when the
commission invalidated their and
several while candidates, pass
tions, by calling for another test
Haynes is the only Negro ct
the original three who took the
Since the exams, two white
men have been appointed to va
cancies which were announced
following the last tests.
Ex-Stale SeeV Byrnes
font Defend S. C. Parly
i r
The State Democratic party
will have to do withomi the ser
vices at former Secs', of Sta.e
Issues F. Byrjses, lit the suit
seeking to open party member
ship to Negroes, W as learned
here last week, Byrnes, a na
tive South Carolinian, had been
asked .« defend the party by J.
K. Mayfield, state executive
COttumiteeum* from E'amberg
In a tolegraphte reply to the
nNjoe-.t. Byrnes said •'business
ejsg»Keo.i€!( s made weeks ago
require iny presence in Wash
ington and make it
for me to represent you in
hearing was set by Fed
eral District Judge J. W a ties
Waring on a spit by a Rrautor.
f'owisty Negro protesting state
party rules which limit en.-ctS
niert. and meaebersibip to white
Dumo rats.
One Caught, 2 Hunted
As Miss. Whites Are Shot
Martin Flowers, 40, warned to
ieave town by a group of white
vigilantes, surrendered himself to
the sheriff last week in connect
ion with shooting into the whit
group' by unidentified Negroes
when the whites were about to
leave his home.
Two whites were shot when
what some termed a “peaceful
mission” told Flowers to move
because he was “having trouble
with the white people.” The
trouble waS* an alleged affair ru
mored between Flowers wad j
‘white woman.
Flowers agreed to he gone by
daylight the next morning, bu’
r ’ .
16 Page*
*★★★★★★ ★ * ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
Polio Forces Playground Closing
i Raleigh -■- Tin- Gity Council or
' deifil Hu c ■. 11 si all rit.v
|cd .swimming ij■ ••■ 1 • and >Uior
' ivutiuii lacil !ii i lit -da', in In.
j wake i'>l' the • tpn'i u'k of the . .
last- oi infantile paralysis l*
i strike Raleigh within a week.
The :• lx cases ivp.irted in R:.
! Jt-iph within *be past seven day :
{boosted the Wake County u--
: for tiie y. ar to eli'Vt n and the fei ike aumtacr to mptiU Av
j The C-utrirVl-order «*• i
tf;a city’.'! recreatncial facihti--
I rt suited in the closing of the
, city’s two swimming pools and its
);> community playground--.
Tile closing, described as f.n
•‘an indefinite period", will rcsuP.
in unemployment oi *t 1 white and
| Negroes work, rs wh <• are err,- ;
ployed on th>- facilities.
The City Council voted for the
i move upon the iveornniend.iUun
of City Manager Roy Braden who
said that attendance at the swim
ming' pools, playgrounds and
ether concessions had dropped to
the point where the city was 1. -s
rag money light and left.
: City Recreation Department Di
rector Ralph Andrew; said tb „t
I the move was dictated partial y
by financial considerations and
, partially by a desire to do any
; thing possible to halt the ipread
, i f the disease.
Nine of the eleven Wake Conn -
; ly cases have come from Raleigh
health officials stated. Four def
inite cases of polio arc now un
der treatment at St. Agnes Hos- ;
|‘.Continued ofi page ts, Ist Section) j
Jewish Congress Hails
Supreme Court Rulings
Involving Race Issues
j The relations decisions of the,
I (Tinted States Supreme Court at its -i
j lasi term were the most iibeial of
jdny term in recent .Supreme Couit
j hi-: ay, Shad Pohe<, vice pve-id*.-nt ,
lof the American Jewish Congress, ;
! announced todgy in making puniic a :•
j detailed analysis of such decisions]
j prepared by ihe Comrni:a,ion on
j Law and Social Action oi the Aniei-i
ican Jewish Conpre:,
Os the nine cases before Use
j Court involving group i«. i;.t ion -. •
j tight resulted in ruling:- extending j
i constitutional guarantees, Mr. polier i
{explained. Only in ihe second Ok-1
j lahoma Law School cast-, vs. I
;Eiurs‘, in which the Court declined
■to rule that as a matter of law seg
j rogation was tantamount to discrim- j
- Ins he entered the house, rifle and
u pistol shots rang out from th<
a | house and 'blastea the group. One i
o j was seriously wounded and the j
- | other, slightly.
■ ; Stiil being sought are two cou- i
•s j sins and Flowers' uncle. Deputy
o Guy McGivney took Flowers to
j the Hinds county jail at Jackson,
n 160 miles away, for safekeeping,
il IHe said, “1 didn’t want, to take
e | a chance on any violence, though
el we don’t .believe Flowers did th<-
ej actual shooting.”
i Sheriff F. F. Monday and three |
a {other deputies are still searching
for the three fugitives,
y ; The trouble began last Wednes
(t,! (Continued on page 8, lst> Section] I
ft I i
. , ’' '' . ’ I
Above arc shown members of the
campaign sl l ft of the current
YM< V financial and member ship
or ive wiuct bee ait ia»t w eek
with an announced goal of 1,000
new members
Shown in is roup are: First
row. bi t to right: S. \\. Sledge,
s IS Robots, ,1 Mann It
C. Ferrin I . .1 Carnage, I I
Stredwiek IV. H Quarles W R. i
i dmondson, \, t Brown, I i , j
Second tew: Bradley Phillips,
W. X. Ilvan* \| B, 1 trdvill ken,
i tump, J. WiUiam-. ,1. ( . Alwate.,
Fine ! Jackson. R. 1. Barnes, V,.
i.iamh, Haloid Simp- im, John
Dawson, V. People, James Mils, j
Will Drake, the Rev J. A. l.e -
ler, l.awrence I indsey, David
Winters, Jaaie- Hu:h, J. ( . Ms
Queen, Moshs l ord, James Mm
ley and H. C. High.
•nation, did he protection of ei 11!
riehts foi minorities receive a sei-'
back, lie added.
The Amer.can Jewish Congre
report also analyzed the individual:
voting recorl; of the nine in tin .
classifying ifr*m on a basis of a f;u -
‘Continued at pay 8. irt Section)
RALEIGI Six pastors if'
churches in Raleigh and near-by
eomniunitk*, joined with their
congrogalitflis last week in pay
ing tribute to th ■ Rev. Johnnie
W Jones, faster of the Fayette
ville St. liptist Church
The occation for the six days
of special services marked the
observance'of the sixteenth an- ,
niversa; v d the Rev. Mr. Jones*
; pastorate a the Fayetteville Si
j Church.
Among tie pastors who parti -.
i eipated in the services which
were competed from July 12th
through Jtly 18 were the Rev. :
James Avelv. pastor of the Wake j
Chi-pel Church; the Rev. T. P.
Dehart pftor of th- St. Paul'
AMP Chuic-h: the Rev. A. R. |
Smith of Smithfield' the Rev.
] Isaac Lee. pastor of Watts Cha i
I oel. the R-v C. R. Trotter of j
Method art! Dr, John Plummer, j
whose sertson on Sunday night
marked th- end of the obser
-1 (Coe tinned bn page a, Ist Section) ‘
Special Sessicfti
Gall Places Both
Parties ©a Spot
Philadelphia (ANP) - When
Pr, sident Harry S, Truman a»-
' unced in he. acceptance speech
at the Demon a tic part - conven
tion ho:e last week that he was
;-ying to call a special session
■ i [; ■! , , July il O. 1: ■ ii. "UiOSV-'Ci
a bomb lull that will put but it
parties on the yat ,y -’ be!ere
the November election;,
i 'I he ci.ngiv-:s is not the only
| body put on the spot by this
: nvention, however. The nomin- ,
j ation of Sen, At ben Bmkley as]
! vice president and its effect or. !
! the south and on the Negro, thf
; future attitude of the nth to
! ward the party ana the future ;
-■ l the Democrats are also quea
tioru, brought to the front by the :
j convention
i Because the Pr merit has call
] t-d congress to meet, voters will
{have a first hand chance- to hve; |
■at the record just b'-lure an e’cc
1 ion, Negroes will be watching e.s
' pecially the action on civil right;-.
The R. publicans will b- watch
] i-ci because they art;- the major.iy
, group in congress. The Democrats:
Tin* Rfr, J. W. .lonon, pastor of
the Fayetteville Street, Baptist ]
t’hurcli was honored recently ]
vitfc a oflrtirstion which marked
‘.he sixteenth anniversary of hi» j
pastorale at the church.
The ceremonies, which were
conducted from tidy 12, through
the VA, were marked by the at
’ tendanec of pastors, choirs and
I rongregatitms os many of the j
city's leading churches, •
inti- 1 bo careful, too, twteau.-;- of
what southerner? rusv tio
An appeal for unity came alter
an open split 0:1 cG'if rights. Mi.--
n.s.sippi’s 22 delegates and H of
Alibiima’; delegate.', walked out
oi the convention be fort? the
Piideitt was nominated.
An mu. long debuic r »' civil
right*; held on the floor with
the ;-•. itilh sticking to s; it* . right -
and . liberal group led jay Mayor
• Continued on page 8. Ist Section 1
Demos Adopt Five-Boil'll
Campaign Bights Plonk
PHILADELPHIA (ANP) Text of the revised plank cm
civil rights as amended on the floor of She convention reads:
"The Democratic party commits itself to continuing its efforts
rights gains made in recent years in eliminating unfair and
illegal discrimination based on race, creed or color,
"The Demi-irate party commits itself to tfUinuing its efforts
hj eradicate all racial, erligious and economic discrimination,
"We again slate our belief that racial and religious minori
ties imrst have the right to live, the right to work the rigid
to vote, the full and equal protection of the laws, or. a basis of
equality with all citizens as guaranteed by the constitution.
"We highly commend President Harry Truman for his cour
ageous stand cfi the issue of civil.
"We call upon the congress to support our President in guar
anteemg these basic and fundamental rights: 1. The right of
full end equal jLlifical participation, 2. the right to equal op
poriumiy of employment, 3. the right of security of person,
4. and the right of equal treatment in the service and defense
of our nation,'
In place of the last two paragraphs which were voted solo
the platform by the convention, itself, -was the following vagus
"We again call upon the congress to exert its full authority
to she limit of its constitutional powers to assure and protect
these r»ghts."
The substitution of she last two paragraphs *e> replace this
statement led to the bolting of the convention by 13 Alabama
delegates and 22 Mississippi delegates.
School Equality Asked
| By Teacher Group Head
Glornvood Springs, Col (ANP)
!■— American schools should offer
j equal educational opportunity to
all children. John M. Eklund.
I new sly elected president of the
i American Federation of Teachers,
j said at the annual conference
‘of this group last week.
Philadelphia (ANP) T h o
| third round of the political pa
! rude in Philadelphia will be
] completed when the third party
j holds its convention, Julv 23-25
j A Negro. Charles P. Howard, at
j t.erney and newspaper p'u-blisher
jof Des Moines, will df?liv‘C-r the
| keynote address.
| The, convention will mark to
; official founding and naming of
j tne. ir-Hjori s newest puiiti«»i. t>av
i ty: Herify A. Wallace, formffr vice
j president of the- United "States,
■ will he nominated for President
j and Sen. 11. Taylor of Idaho w.H
I tx nominated for vice president.
1 (Coiutnupri on oage 8, Ist Section'
1\ phold Vaccina lions
(n\en Daily At Old Hex
Typhoid vaccinations for
! -protection against typhoid
fever -are given daily Horn
| 3:00 to 400 p ro. and from
fi;00 o.m. io 1:00 p,m, on Sa
turday at the Wake County
Health Department, in the
Old Bex Hospital build ng on
West L-.uth Street, health of
iiciels announced this week.
Perse ns with previously
established immunity or per
sens who were i. 'inoculated m
1947 take only crie dose of
the vaccine, while alt others
must take three doses or one
each week ior a parked of
three weeks to establish im
The Denver teacher at Oppor
tunity school said there should
> | be no double or triple standard
, : for schooling. He also felt that
| the GI bill of rights benefits
should be given to youths drafted
: ■ in the current army.
1 (Continued on page 8, Ist Section)
r CONTEST WINNERS -- Above are shewn ihe first and ::e*
• I* coad prix* winners and three of .ths, t>wß«!j-ap selected from
; i a ni.zng the scores of persons who itu&giuttdd letters in the recent
’ j ' Why I Read the CAROLINIAN” contest which was concluded
on July 1 0
The winning letters were elected by a endup of judder, con
sisting of Mrs, Mol tie Huston Lee, librarian at the Richard B.
Hetttson Public Library; Dr, Harold L. Tiiqg, president ci f»t.
Augustine's College, and Dean C, D, Halliburton of Li, Augus
tine's Coliupe.
The first prise of £SO was wen by the Rev. C A, Atkins of
• 523 Hilisbotk St.. Oxford. N. C. The second, prize cf $25 was won
by Miss Lemira B, Williams of Areola, N. C.
Runners up who won prizes of $5.00 each Included: Mrs,
I ucy Lawson, Goldsboro: Ernest M, Hunter, .Rocky Mount, and
| Mrs. Bertha A. Butler, Raleigh, who are shown abtVe and not
•shown. Miss Mable L. Bowden, Raleigh, and Miss Paiiic L. Laws,
: Rocky Mount.
i Mace Democrats
! Rail y To T ruman
; two thirds of the Negro delegates
I and alternates to the Democratic
■ j National Convention were present
| it Philadelphia’s fashionable Pyra
* | mid Club Monday night and had an
i old time party rally, going down
| the line for Harry S. Truman for j
| the Next. President of tne United
| States.
I There were "Shay" Taylor, affec
! iionalely called by Congressman:
! William Daw son, “the mayor of
Busiom" old tune Democrat Wi 1- ‘
hum I, Hucaton from Wasnington,
ind with him ’-va: young Edward
-Williams who was: attending Ids
i second convention Joseph Brown.!
■stale .som-lor fimn Michigan, and
: deleg jic t„ the convention, toicl
. Chairm n lKiwson and the other
: delegates that Michigan \va going
alt out for Truman. With him from
Michigan wore % iDiam Booker,
delegate, and alternates Harbin
Bledsoe. Charles W Jones, and Mrs.
Geneva Cot-say. Tt-omas Con in.
: president elci-tor from the Wolvc
:ri ne state nd tiasistanl sergeant-at
X£y„ Ok’s New Graduate
School, Calls It “Equal'' *
| The Kentucky State Hoard of
j Education last week approved
; what it believes to be a foolproof.
I segregated system of providing
i "equal educational facilities” to
| white and Negro students,
j This program, adopted despite
I: the protests of the Negro member
|of the board, calls for the ev.-
! pansion of Kentucky State col-
I lege to give every course offered
' j at the University of Kentucky.
i : Under this system, professors
i j will travel from the university to
t j ‘he colored school to give stu
s i dents courses not already taught
1 | there. Kentucky State students
i will travel from their school tc
11 the white university for use of
arms i the convention, was wru.
* the delegation.
Also at the old time Democrat ppp
meeting were the Rev. Russell Clay
ton. pastor of a non -denominational
i church in Los Armeies and delq
. gate. Mrs. Miidr.-d Casey, delegate
from Chicago, the only Negro wom
an in the history of Jllinol-; to at
: lend a Democratic conyentiori as a
delegate; Sen, C. C. W imbsli, from
the first congressional district of
i Illinois, ahrnate. Maj Janies Mc
! Clendon, second district, alternate,
' and WiilUrd Townsend, labor lead
er, and delegate at large from
! fllinois, alternate; l.t Col, Kenneth
i Campbell, alternate.
Chicago was further represented
Oy Charles Shyly.-, representative
I from the fifth ■■■onalorial district;
.!:,!v,C, Martin din net leader
from Chicago’s 28ih ward, and Ro
bert H. Miller, elector from the
, first congressional district. He is
also public relations man for the
j district. •
Front Mary land came William JE>.
i Dixon, president ot the famous
(Continued ou page 8, Ist Section)
: laboratory and library facilities
not available at their own school.
Graduates from Kentucky State
. under this system would receive
a kind of joint degree from both
schools. The transportation he
tween the two schools would be
|provided free to the students.
The administrations would bo
careful to see that the colored
students would not use the white
school at the same time they arc
! using it. No one wants to break
I the state’s Daw laws which pre
vent the twmyraees from going
to school together in the daylight.
! At tv. Gen. A. E. Funk said
| that the plan was devised in an
i swer to a suit by Lyman T. Jotui-
I (Continued on pAge t, Ist Section.)

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