North Carolina Newspapers

The Watauga Democrat
Established in 1S3S and Published for
45 years by the late Robert C. Rivers
One Year .... .51.50
Six Month ?5
Four Months 50
Payable in Advance)
R. C. RIVERS Jr . - Publisher
Cards of Thanks, Resolutions o'" Respect.
Obituaries, etc.. are charged
for at the regular advertising rates.
Entered at the RRA/ As Second;
Postoffice at Class Mai!
Boone, X. C. (rf&e* Matter.
He who is not contented with what
he has would not oe contented with
what he would ike to ha\e.?Socrates.
We are apt to think that best in
general for which we find ourselves
best fitted in particular.?Pope.
He who lives in a hurry is out of
step with the purpose of God.?Anonymous.
He that would eat the kernel
should crack the nut - Anonymous.
Those who had become alarmed
over the local crime wave,
especially as regarded an apparent
increase in public drunkenness.
with simultaneous loss ol
sleep on the part of the lawabiders.
have relaxed a bit for
the past few days, and taken a
deep draught of enJoyment from
the fact that the hoys are learning
how to behave and are
trekking along a course leaning
mightily to the "straight ar.d
narrow." the collective ti-irci
quenched by soda water, tomato
juice and an occasional mug ol
For over the week-end "the
boys'' took a preliminary educational
course on the consequences
of the use of ardent spirits,
and a new professor tapped the
bell in the person of S. D. Ollis,'
a former police officer in Morgan
ton. widely recognized as an
authority on the subject of public
intoxication and how i t
should be handled. The jovial
240-pound "teacher." towering
six feet one and one-half inches,
and incidentally the proud father
of 10 husky children, started
"classes'' immediately upon his
arrivai in town, and appearances
indicate that so thorough in hisi
course of training, that a number
of his scholars have already j
entitled themselves to diplomas;
from his institution of public!
sobriety and gentlemanly be-1
Mr. Ollis is a kindly gentle- i
man. but with business-like attitude
which defies hostility. His
methods are getting results and
the people are grateful for a per -
1? ' <'
iuu ui iiceuuMi 1:0m tne annoy-'
fances and dangers resulting from
a recent noticeable increase in j
public inebriation. i
It doesn't take brains to push!
tlie throttle of your car to the i
It doesn't rake cleverness to.
weave in and out of traffic at j
sixty miles an hour, and no intellectual
capacity is required to
hang onto the steering wheel,:
give her the gun and attempt to
make the speedometer touch'
In other words you don't have:
to know anything to drive fast.
Drivers who regard streets j
and highways as the Indir.aapolis
racing bowl, might bo divided
into two classes: Those who
are weary of living and don't
mind if they take innocent per- j
sons along with them into eter- 1
nity, and second, those whose j
;J? stupidity blinds them to the fact
that several thousand pounds of j
metal whirling at a terrific j
, speed is as lethal a weapon as a I
Tommy gun?both for the dri-!
vei ana lor anyone else in me.
|;i locality.
Speed is responsible for the,
great majority of motor accidents?all
other causes paling!
into insignificance as compared.
As even the most mentally defi- j
cient driver should be able to j
realize, an accident occurring at
sixty miles an hour is almost inyvariably
a great deal more serious
than one occurring where
" speed involved is 20.
he roads of America are litd
with broken and bleeding
ies because an increasingly i
;e number of drivers persist j
m utter disregard for their J
1 well-being and that of their :
iwmen. I
"A success talk" directed par-!
ticularly to farm boys by Presi- i
d e n t Roosevelt is carried in i
the current issue of the Progres-! p
;ive Farmer. Mr. Roosevelt f u
SaVSI :o
"There was a, time when the for- j
mma. for success was the simple ad-jh
monition to have a stout heart aid)
willing hands. A great, new country j -j
lay open. Wheii life became hard in. ]
brie place it was necessary only to
move on to another. Today we eaii
no longer escape into virgin territory: r
we must master our environment. sd
The very objectives of young* people
have changed. In the older days
a great financial fortune was too
often the goal. To rule through
wealth. ** through the pewe** of
wealth, fired our imagination. This r
was the dream of the golcer. ladder
?each Individual for himself. *
"It is my firm belief that the new- J
er generation of America has a dif-11
fere it t dream. You place emphasis onH
sufficiency of life, rather on a pie* J
thora of riches. You think of the se-j*
curity for yourself ard your family j
that will give you good health, good. s
food. good education, good working}
conditions, and the opportunity for J i
normal recreation and occasional fra-i
vel. |1
"I, for one. am willing to place my 1
trust in the youth of America. Ifj
they demand action as well as preaciv '
ments. I should be ashamed to chill!
their enthusiasm with the dire pro-;
I phecy that to change is to destroy. J i
am unwilling to sneer at the vision j
of youth merely because vl ion isi
sometimes mistaken.
"Let us carry on the goou that the j1
past gave us The best o< tha* good!
is the spirit of America. And the. |1
spirit of America is the spirit of in- <
quire, of readjustment of improve-11
ment. above ail a spirit in which j
youth can find the fulfillment of its 1
idea's It is for the new generation (
to participate in the decisions and to
give strength and spirit ar.d con tin- *
uitv to our Government ar.d to our
national life.'' i
i Henry Van Dyke) v
Are you willing to si nop down and
consider the needs and the desires of f
little children; to remember the
weakness and loneliness of people
who are growing old; to stop asking
how much your friends love you.
but rather to ask yourself whether t
you love them enough; to bear in y
mind the tilings that other people
have to bear on Their hearts; to trim your
lamp so that it will give more
light and less smoke, and to carry it ;
r. front so that your shadow will
fall behind you; to make a grave for .
your ugly thoughts, and a garden for v
your kindly feelings, with the gate
wide open?these even for a day?)
i iien .vou are worthy of a place in' t
this world. j t.
Billy Arthur In The New Bern Tribune
Mr. llurpliy was taking his first
flight in an aeroplane. The pilot was
taking him over Asheville and when t
they were about 3.COO feet up. the
'plane suddenly went into a nose-dive. c
"Ha, ha," laughed the pilot as he <
righted the 'plane. 'Half of the peo- j
pie down there thought we were t
failing." (
' Sure," said Murphy, "and 50 per cent
of the people up here thought ^
so, too."
The Family Doctor
It occurs to me more and more frequently
a3 the years go by, that J
"gullibility" is one of the greatest '
misfortunes that afflicts our people. 1
Sometimes I think it costs our coun- a
try more in the total than the most 1
devastating- epidemic of disease. ^
I -et's get the meaning of the word
clear. Gullibiltyi is the ease with *
which you can mis-led by fake prop- J
ositions, '
At heart you really abhor all
swindles. It's the deal tht you THINK .
is honest, that you bite at with avidi- :
ty and do not learn that-you have!5
been stung until you have parted
with all the good, honest money that j'
could be extracted from you. Your f
gullibility leads you through sucker- [
doni. 1
mere are ali sorts of fake sani-1"
ton;: in Ike country, with a so-called j
"religious" complexion added and a
freak dietary system, all designed to
catch the American sucker. Such
things have no legitimate place in
the honest care of the ailing?nor are
they true component parts of any
worthy church enterprise.
The "preacher-doctor" has long
been noted as an American hoax, in- 1
sinuating himself into the coniidence
of gullible people by prostituting the '
sacred tenets of religion to his un- '
holy ecus.
There is no more humanitarian
work than that of the true physician. '
If an individual must summon reli- 1
gion to commend him in a money- 1
getting scheme or calling the chances 1
are that he is sadly defective in the <
most important qualification, the '
ability to honestly deliver the goods. 1
I wish 1 were able to write a hook 1
about humbuggery. But, I think I <
would run myslef ragged, oniy to fail <
in finding a publisher. >
A good conscience is a continual '
Christmas.?Franklin. 1
(By C. M. Dickson)
Extreme evolutionists take great
ride in worshiping their ancestors.
Both iiefeciity and environment fig.
re very Targelyr in the development
f a humari being.
No wonder static" asserts itself
i many radio prodactions.
T r"3 ho snore foolish to die at his
master's' crib than tor a perso n to
jc ignorant in the midst of know
No mock-.rg: birJ would attempt to
r.iniicU n' t'taf# ' tro?.:V:iSt r.o-.v-aiavs.
Vr 3. a parrot car talk.
In the future. I suspect that traveling
car-is wi;l contain the Slogan.
'Turn off the radio."
A "lzranl ioes no! enjoy the aroi:a
of flowers.
Some quadrupeds walk upon onij
wo legs.
Rip Van Winkle left the world beter
than he found it. He left some de
,'oted discipies.
Esau is net the only man who has
sold his birthright.
A nudist and a naturalist hav<
some ideas Jn common
Tin eagle lowers his dignity whei
le lights on a carcass.
The strength of some people i
'our. 1 the lips up, while in other;
from the ankles down
The most efficient mechanic can
act do good work without tools.
Which is the mother, the her. tha
lays th. egg. or the one that hatche;
and raises the chick?
Would a crow be less a crow wcr<
its feu the 2 s white ?
A finished product has no defect
!h it.
Many people se? m rpintuaily in
?lmed these days.
Maiyy homes have been made hap
py by the presence of Poodle clops.
Blessed are the childless wives
,vho administer to the needs of oth
;r peoples* children.
To knew when to stop is as essen
ial as to know when to begin.
A butterfly should not forget thai
t was once a caterpillar.
A nudist and a naturalist have
ome things in common.
The eagle lowers his dignity wher,
ic lights on a carcass.
The strength of some people is
ound from the lips up. while in othrs
from the ankle down.
The most proficient mechanic con*
iot- do good work without good tools
Which is the mother hen, the one
hat lays the egg, or the one that
latcnes and raises the chick?
Would a crow he less a crow were
Is feathers white?
A finished product has no defect
n it.
Many people seem spiritually" indined
these days.
Many homes have been made hap>y
by the presence of Poodle-dogs.
Bicssed are the childless wives
...... aan.iiun.ct %.\j uir wttiaa ui ouir
people's children.
A butterfly should not forget uial
t was once a caterpillar.
Dr. F. K. Warman, Pastor
Mrs. Warm as will he with us in
he services next Sunday.
We urge every member of th<
:hurch to do his best in the Sunday
School contest. Let U3 make the at
endanee next Sunday the largest ol
my up to this time. 10:00 a. m.. Sunlay
School, Prof. Hodges, Supt. 11
l. rii., Sermon: "Do We Need a Redval
?" 6 p. m., Loyal Workers meetng.
7 p. m.. Sermon: 4<A Business
Han Converted."
Remember that the Sunday nighi
.ervices begin thirty minutes earlier
Question: Is it advisable to burr
>ff the dead grass on my lawn?
Answer: If the lawn has gone tc
veeds and you plan to plow it up an<3
>egm a new lawn then it is safe tc
mm it oft*. Burning, however, i3 not
idvisable if the old lawn and shrub>ery
is to continue as the foundation
Vood ashes arc beneficial when sprinkled
on the lawn and shrub beds, but
urning will only kill the grass ami
n some cases the heat will start new
op growth at the m-ong season.
Question: Would you advise feed
ng a moist rnash to pullets at this
ieasoji of the year?
Answer: If your pullets are in nornal
production, or about 50 per cent
or leghorns hatched in April, the
noist mash should not be fed This
s a stimulating feed and may be us d
to advantage for bringing late
latched pullets into production, tc
lelp war off neck moult in early
latched pullets, and to prolong the
aying period of adult birds at the
:nd of the iaying year. Too mud
orcing may ormg on a neck moult ir
he normal laying pullet.
Question: How can I rid my tobacco
fields of the mosaic disease?
Answer: A rotation of crops thai
tllows a collapse of one year before
tobacco is replanted on the land will
:ontrol any infection from the soil
if it is not possible to rotate the
irops, the disease may be effectually
:ontrol!ed by disking. In this way the
liants are cut up and decay more
readily during the winter. Do nol
:ut and plow under the stalks. Care
n selecting the plant beds and the
lse of clean seed will also tend toware:
jetter control. Causes of this disease
togcthar with recommendations foi
:ontrol methods are given in Experinent
Station Bulletin No. 297, copies
>f which may be secured free upor
ippilcation to the Agricultural Edijot,
State College.
Another Forgot
Hog Killing Tin
'.By P.. E. Nance 1 rth
I October and November suggest to'
the average North Carolina farmer 1 sjj
1 ?uk nog Killing* uays are amicst,
lion. Generally speaking:, December,!
. Ja .ur.r;- and February are thej
' months in which most farmers like;
*. k.i! aiai cure their pork. Natur-jcf
aiiy, weather conditions are morel
favorable at this season and too.! scj
| meat insects are less troublesome, j
It has loner been a common prac-jwi
with many farmers to try to be
. -elect the coldest day in mid- winter |
for hog-killing day. Then knowing or.
how disagreeable the job will be they'
a; a ays plan to complete it the same j ch
. day. Many readers car. remember i
thit cold December morning when da
as a kid you were called out of bed he
long before dayiight to help with
: the daily chores that had to be finish- to
ed before the hogs wore killed.
Did "Dad"' ever tell you to hurry j
and feed the hogs the first thing;
so they could finish eating while you 1
made the fire around the wash pots; \
and, while the water was getting
you had to sharpen those old worn-1 hi
out butcher knives and bury that mo- j w
1 lasses barrel with the turpentine in!
it and scatter some pine straw around! ai
! the barrel ? Can von mmcmlwr how I sc
miserably cold it was ttiat morning P1
and how many pairs of pants and overalis
you had to wear to keep warm. k
After a hurried breakfast, all hands I
met at the hog- pen to witness your j
marksmanship with the .22. The first! al
shot was perfect but after the hogs -c
got excited you missed the next one w
and hit another in the shoulder.
Finally, "Dad" had to climb over n'
the pen with his axe and knife to T
finish the execution. The hogs were tc
then dragged to the house, either ni
: by man power or mule power, and
j the scalding began. Was the water 1 ^
i j too hot or too cold that morning ? 'c
I i Anyway, the hair didn't slip so well k;
II and by the time you finished wor- 'n
! rying over those hot hogs you had m
forgotten about the cold weather 01
and shed several pair3 of overalls. ni
After the hogs were dressed and j
. washed out, you noticed long icicles j ' r
I hanging from their noses so "Dad" i ki
reckons they had cooled enough to i
cut up one or two before dinner, jer
By 3 or 4 o'clock all the year's sup-1
ply of meat was buried in salt and f?"
; the men kolks more happy that they a*
were through with the hog killing. le
Poor Meat (-1
The meat is forgotten, until one?
. day in early spring when Mother1 of
, decides to try one of the hams and c0
. the first one> she cuts doesn't smell |1,1
. quite right and it also has skippers jfo
, in it. She cuts a smaller one and finds I ?
it usable but the whole family agrees : a!
. that the cure was not so good as it 'y
. was last year. Dad can't understand
i u[
'-We killed hogs the coldest day ao
last winter," he said, "we salted it fr
| down the same day and I guess I 'n
. I used as much as 20 pounds of salt
to 100 pounds of meat. That was
. enough, I'm sure. Oh! well, it's too
, bad. Maybe we will have better
I luck next year."
Tou may wonder why I describe
. a picture so common to the average stl
, North Carolina farmer. Thousands us
. will ask the question, "What's wrong 'a
. with that method of killing hogs and w
_ curing pork? That's the way we al- ar
. ways kill hogs and we usually have a
. good meat." to
I That's the point exactly. "We us- fc
. ually have good meat'" or sometimes w
"our meat is so much ljetter than
. it is at other times," or ''maybe we'll
i have better luck next year."
What Was Wrong? b5
Let's consider for a moment a ^
dozen things wrong with Dad's me- 111
ten Man
le is Near; I Ad vi
ods of killing- and curing pork. i:
I. He selected the coldest day pos- j v
>lc for the job. '
'2. He fed the hogs within 21 hogs;ll
fore killing.
3. He shot or knocked hogs instead
sticking alive. -n
A. The hogs were dragged to the c
aiding place and bruised badly. j ?
5. The temperature of the scalding t
iter was not known. It should have ! c
en 150 degrees F. t
6. He dt haired and scraped hugs' c
tlio ground. \ i:
7. He cut the carcass before they. v
illed thoroughly. : t
S. He salted the meat the same
y it was killed before the meat jc
a'. escaped. t
0. He used only plain salt for cur- I e
? fi
10. He did not weigh meat and I i
leased at the amount of salt. to use. f
II. He used SO per cent, more salt c
an was necessary.
12. He did not have a fly proof,
noke house, neither did he protect;
s meat from flies by wrapping it,
ilh heavy paper. ,
Either one or a combination of Uie ,
jove mistakes could cause meat to (
mr around the bone or spoil com-ji
etely. It would be well to remem-!
:r these 12 things as "Don'ts" for |
illtng and curing pork. I
The. Better Way |j
Now let's study the problem from . <
rother angle and remember the l
illowlng procedure as the proper , t
ay to kill and cure pork:
The coldest day in mid-winter is 1
3t the best weather for hog killing. 1
he job is too disagreeable then, and j t
10, there is a great danger of the '
eat freezing oil the outside before ' 1
le animal heat escapes from around ' i
le bone. A good plan to follow, is ;;
i select a cool, dry afternoon for i
illing. Allow the carcasses to hang :
. the smoke house or bain over !
ght and chill out slowly but thor- t
ighly before cutting and curing the t
eat the following morning. Any
me the temperature outside ranges
o:ft 28 to 40 degrees, is ideal hog
'.ling weather and there Is no dan- t
:r of meat spoiling if handled prop- ,
'.v. \
Hogs should always be kept off
ed for 24 hours before killing but s
lowed to have plenty of fresh wa- t
r. Every pound of feed given hogs c
iring this time is a total waste as ]
adds nothing to the dressed weight (
the carcass. A hog bleeds more .
mpletely when empty as the small ;
ood vessels are not gorged with I i
od and the more blood you get : j
it of meat the better it keeps. Hogs ! t
e much easier to dress when empGood
Good tools are very necessary to
? thA SAOA __ .
jvu ( ana correctly. Ev- ,
y farmer should have the followg
tools for butchering: (
Two six-to eight-inch knives. .
One steel to sharpen knives. (
One hog hook.
Two bell-shaped hog scrapers.
One meat saw. ,
The number of hogs to be killed .
lould determine whether one should 1
le a barrel or vat for scalding. The
tter is much more satisfactory
here more than two or three hogs
e to be scalded, but in either case
small platform or table about 12
18 inches high and three to four
et wide should be provided on
hich to pick and scrape the hogs,
lis makes the job much easier and
ieps the carcass cleaner.
There are three methods of killing:
' stunning with an axe, by shooting
rough brain, and by bleeding. Killg
by bleeding is by far the most sat
NOVEMBER 7, 1935 ^
? by A. B. Chapin
ice to Farmers
sfactory. A hog will not bleed out as
kreii 11 sturmeu oeiore it is siuck.
?oo, when killed by shooting the bulet
often lodges in the shoulder,
auses a blood clot and spoilage.
For best results in scalding the g
rater should be 150 degrees Fahrenleit.
If no thermometer is available
me can judge the temperature of
he water by dipping his finger into ?
he water three times in rapid sucession.
If it burns badly the first
ime the water 13 too hot. If you
an continue after the third time it
s too cold. If the temperature of
vater is right nothing need be added
o get a perfect scale
After the hogs arc dressed, the
arcass should be split dcwn the cener
of backbone, the leaf fat loosenk!
from the lower end of ribs and
lung in smoke house to chill over
light. Be sure the meat does not
reeze as freezing causes trouble in
(The State)
According to statistics given out
recently, the number of pecple living 5
mi farms in North Carolina has increased
materially during the last
five years.
It is figured out by the Universiy
News Letter that during the above
period of time there has been a net
;ain of 523,322 farms in the United
States. North Carolina has shared in
hat increase, but not to the proporions
Numerous plans and schemes have
icen suggested from time to time re- i
ative to improving economic condiions
in this section of the country.
Hie most sound and the most sensi)le
plan of all, however, is to bring
ibout a larger increase in our farm
When a man is living on a farm
ind cultivates that farm int*?ni?v?r?t
y depressions and financial reverses
throughout the nation have comparaively
little effect upon him.
Amistice Day will be observed at
he Boone Methodist Church Sunday
norning. The pastor, Dr. Ernest C.
Videnhousc, will take as his subject,
'Peace?Good Will." There will be
ipecial music by the choir, directed
>y Miss Virginia Wary. The Sunday
school will meet at 9:45 with Dr. J.
3. Rankin, the general superintenlent
in charge. The Epworth League,
^resided over by Ray Stike, will meet
it 6:30. The evening preaching servce
will be at 7:30. Special music will
>e by the young people's choir, dlected
by Professor Hcnson.
Card of Thanks
We wish to express thanks to the
nany friends and neighbors for the
lets of kindness and expressions of
lympathy during the Illness and
leath of our mother, Mrs. J. W. Farhing.
May rich blessings follow each
)f you. The Children.
Cast all you care on God, that an:hor
The BEXALL Store

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